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QUESTIONNAIRE

1. Current name
2. Nick name
3. Maiden name
4. Address
5. Telephone number
6. Age
7. Where were you born
8. Where were your parents born
9. Where was your family from originally?
10. When did you arrive in Cobalt
11. What method of transport did you use
12. What route did you take to get to Cobalt 13.How many people were in your family when you arrived
14. Husband’s original occupation in Cobalt.
15. Wife's current occupation in Cobalt
16. Husband*s current occupation in Cobalt
17. Wife's original occupation in Cobalt.
18. What were your impressions of Cobalt when you arrived?
19. What was Cobalt like when you came here?
20. Why did you come to Cobalt
21. When you first arrived what type of employment was available and
22. What were your working hours?
23. How much were you paid per week?
24. What was your first home like?
25. .How did you spend your first Christmas
26. How far did you have to go for water?
27. What did you have in the way of lighting
28. What type of stove did you cook on?
29. What kind of heating did you have?
30. What kind of shops were here when you arrived.
31. What kinds of entertainment were available
32. What types of sports did you participate in as a youngster
33. Did you attend school in Cobalt
34. How many years of schooling did you have.
35. What means of transportation were available when you arrived.
36. Who was your first doctor?
37. What were the hospitals facilities like at this time?
38. Where was your first child born?
39. What age were they when they quit school and went to work
40. Where did they work?
41. What were the mines like in the early days?
42. What type of contests did the miners have in the old days?
43. What was a miner's typical main meal?
44. What was a miner's typical meal? 45.How did you spend your first Christmas
46. How did you dress on weekdays?
47. How did you dress on Sundays?
48. How did you spend your Sundays
49. Are there any special treasures you have kept through the years?
50. What do you like about Cobalt now?
51. Why do you like these things?
52. What changes have been made over the past years that you liked?
53. What changes have been made over the past years that you don't like?
54. What don't you like about Cobalt.
55. Why don't you like it?
56. Would you like to see any particular changes in Cobalt?
57. If yes, what kind.
58. What time of year do you enjoy most in Cobalt?
59. What form of entertainment do you find for yourself?
60. Have you any hobbies.
61. What do you think is the answer to Cobalt's unemployment problem?
62. What sort of people do you think would be interested in what Cobalt has to offer?
63. What has Cobalt to offer the visitor?

BOOK 1 INDEX
PAGE NAME
  1 ANDERSON, DENIS
  3 ARMSTRONG, MARVIN
  6 AUDETTE, EVA
10 AUDETTE, LAWRENCE
13 BABINEAU, ALBERT
16 BAXTER, CARL
19 BAZINET, CYRIL
22 BEATTY, NINA (JACK)
24 BEDARD, CLAUDETTE (DAIRE)
25 BEESON, HARRY
29 BELANGER, MARIE-LOUISE (TOM)
31 BELANGER, REMI
32 BELANGER, SIMONE (AUDETTE)
34 BENNER, RALPH
38 BERGER, DONNA
41 BILODEAU, THEODORE (TED)
44 BIRTCH, LAUREL
46 BORRIE, GORDON
50 BROCKLEBANK, ARTHUR
54 BOWERS, LITITIA (JAMES)
55 BREZENSKI, PATRICIA
57 BROSKO, MICHAEL
60 BRUNETTA, MARIO
62 BUCKLER, HARRY
65 BUFFAM, CAROLE
69 BURTON, JACKSON (JACK)
74 CASSIDY, LEONARD
78 CAULFIELD, JAMES
81 CHAMPAGNE, RAYMOND
82 CHARTRAND, LUCIEN
84 CHESSER, AGNES
86 TITTONEL, JOE (CHILTTARONE, GIUSEPPE ELIO)
89 CHITARONI, ALBERT
91 CHITARONI, CAROL
93 CHITARONI, JOSEPH (PEP)
96 CHURCH, JACK
99 COE, ALSON
101 COLE, LAURA
104 CONTI, ERNEST (MARY)
107 CONTI, JOHN
110 COOPER, ROMA (HARRY)
113 COTE, MARIE IDA
115 COTE, LINDA (DAN)
118 CRAM, JOHN (ARTICLE OF INTEREST PG.119)
120 CREIGHTON, ALSON
125 CUNNINGHAM, MICHAEL
128 CUNNINGHAM, MAME (ART. ON BUSINESSES OF 1924)
140 DAKINS, CHARLIE
143 DALAN, TERESA
146 DAMIANI, ANNE
153 DEAN, CHARLES (MRS.)
157 DESPRES, JOSEPH AVIT
160 DESPRES, ROLAND
162 DESPRES, THERESE
164 DOAN, REG
165 DOAN, LLOYD
167 DUNN, AURORE MRS.
169 DUNNING, HERBERT DR.
172 DUNNING MARGARET
176 DUVAL, EMMA
178 ELOMAA, RONALD
180 ENO, BARBARA
182 ENO, MELVILLE
184 FENTON, EVELYN
186 FERNHOLM, HELEN
190 FERNHOLM, WARREN
192 FERRIS, CHARLES
196 FLEURY, EVA (NIECE OF THE FAMOUS FRED
199 FORTIN, PATRICK
201 FORTIN, PAUL & JEANNE
202 FRACKLETON, CECILE
203 FRASER, ALEXANDER J.
206 GABBANI, DARIO
210 GABBANI, GETTULIE
212 GABBANI, LUCIENNE
214 GIOVANELLA, JOSEPH NATALE
218 GIROUX, ALBERT & ANITA
219 GIROUX, BRUNO & JEANNE
222 GORE, JOHN A.
226 GREENING, IDA
228 HATTEN, JEANNETTE
229 HALSTEAD, MILTON
233 HERBERT, ALEXANDRE ROBERT
234 HEATHERINGTON, SIMPSON
236 HEWITT, FLORA
238 HOUGHTON, EDDY & DOLLY
240 HUNT, EILEEN
243 HUTT, CHARLES
249 JEAN LOUIS, ROYAL
251 JOHNSON, CHARLIE
254 JOHNSON, JESSIE
258 JONES, DONALD
261 JONES, FRANCIS
265 JONES, ROBERT
267 JORDON, JOHN
269 KELLY, HAROLD
272 KENTY, HAROLD
275 KENTY, GEORGE MINER
278 KENTY, LAURA
280 KEON, MARY
286 CLIPPINGS FROM THE DAILY NUGGET
289 LACROIX, YVETTE
291 LARABIE, DENIS
294 LARABIE, ROMEO RONALD
298 LEBLANC, VIOLA
299 LEFEBVRE. ALMA
301 LEGAULT, COLLEEN
303 LEMON, PERCY
307 LEONARD, THEODORE
311 LIGHT, HERB
313 LONSDALE, GILBERT
317 LORRAINE, MARION (MRS. ARTHUR)
320 MCANDREW, GERALD
322 MCASKILL, ELIZABETH
324 MCCABE, MARGUERITE
325 MCGARRY, GERALD
327 MCGARRY, PETER
329 MCKINNON, WILLIAM (INTERESTING ARTICLES... 1908)
339 MCKNIGHT, WILLIAM
342 MCLEOD, LILLIAN
344 MACARTHUR, CAROLINE
348 MACDOUGALL, FRANK
351 MACMILLAN, OLGA
355 MADORE, LORIENT
357 MALLICK, JOSEPH
359 MALLICK, FLORENCE
363 MARCELLA, FRANK MRS. (RITA)
365 MARCHIONE, DONATO
369 MARCOTTE, ALBINIA MRS.
372 MARTINEAU, ALICE
374 MARTIN, MARY
377 MARTINELIO, PIETRO
381 MARTEL, DONALD RAYMOND
383 MATIOLI, ENRICO
385 ARTICLE ON JACK MATHEWS
386 MELNIK, MICHAEL
389 MERLA, ERNESTINE
392 MILLER, ROBERT W. (MEILLEUR)
396 MOORE, AUSTIN MRS.
400 MOORE, GERALD
402 MORIARTY, WILFRED
406 MORIN, GEORGE
410 MORIN, JOSEPH RUDOLPH (RODY)
414 MURRAY, MARIE
416 NIXON, CLORIDA




















1. Denis Anderson
2.
3.
4. 89 Nickel St.,Apt.3,Cobalt
5. 679-8459
6. 30
7. Haileybury Hospital
7. Mother, Cobalt, Dad, Sweden
8. They were married in Cobalt 1939
9. 1941. I was born
10.
11. 13 of us. I was the first born
14. Electricians helper
15. Dept Store in Newfoundland
16. Construction worker unemployed now
17. waitress, part-time
19.
20. too young
21. Quite a few mines going
22. 12 hours.
23. $120. per week
24. Frame 4 room house near skating rink
25. Remember toys
26. taps in house
27. Hydro
28. Rangette
29. heated by coal stove
30. Stadelman Building, Sam Buckovetsky, Phil Cain, Phil Cain, Dominion, John Aimonis, Silverland pool room. Irwins Grocery, Tommy Black,
      Damianis, Shaw's Drug store
31. Show
32. played hockey in summer 33.Theresa School, Cobalt High School
34. 10 years
35. bus, cars, trains
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Good at Haileybury
38. Haileybury Hospital
41.
42.
43.
44. My dad wasn't a miner
45. jeans, sweater
46. shirt, tie, suit, to go to Church in we had to put on our old clothes when we came home from Church
47. morning Church - changed clothes, to play with the kids.
48. old pictures
49. Good town to live in
50. Because I lived here all my life.
51. Few changes, old Stadelman building was falling over. They tore it down and made a park there. Sidewalks improved back streets paved.   New schools
52. Didn't like the parking meters,  the town was too small for meters.
53. no.
54. Yes
56. would like to see the mines operating again. Would like to see more jobs made available for men. More explorations. We need a smelter to refine our own silver.
57. summer
58. Go out weekends to Tavern, play cards
59. Electrical work, reading
50. More jobs made available locally
61. Tourists
62. Swimming at Bass Lake, fishing, museum, mining tours, rock cuts full of ice Highlights
Denis Anderson says he follows construction or mining contractors. There is nothing to hold me here with no job.
If there was more money for exploration and the price of silver would go up we'd have all the jobs we need,

Joanna Stubinski February 15, 1971
6 p.m. - 8:15p.m.
1. Marvin Armstrong
2. Marvin
3. Bachelor
4. 50 Nickle St.
5. 679-5517
6. 55
7. Cobalt
8. Dad born Nipissing,Ont.-Mother in Powassan
9. Cobalt
10. Born here 1916, December, out on a saw mill at Moose Lake, about 5 miles from Cobalt.
11.
12.
13. One sister and parents
14. Miner and prospected
15. Housewife - seamstress before marriage in Sudbury
16. Prospector.
17. 2nd World war as an electrician, wanted to be a pilot but didn't quite make it
18. Many mines - men going with lunch kits in 20's -Marvin said he couldn't remember that much as he was quite young. He told me about the managers of the Mine, how their homes were so well kept, beautiful riding horses, stables, maids, gardeners, just the best of everything.
19.When  old enough to really remember, Cobalt was really going down. The depression was on and men out of work.
20. Parents came because of silver boom
21. Mining, shafts sunk, lumbering, saw mills
22. 10 hrs. per day
23. $2.50 per day
24. Their home was not too far from a livery stable down (swamp street) really known as Argentite
25. Remembers the Christmas trees with candles on. Also that dad has given him a violin and he hated it.
26. Water in the house.
27. Electricity
28. Wood stove - the only stove in Cobalt were so kids could stand on oven door.
29. wood heater.
30. Lang St. was a mass of stores from Imperial Bank to Bridge - fruit stores - used to call Syrians - Lang St.Indians 9 or 10,000 population - live entertainment and shows- vaudeville.
31. As a boy remembers tent shows live entertainment
32. Played hockey, rugby, football.
33. Yes, also Mining School in Haileybury
34. 12 years.
35. Livery stables - trotting horses, street cars, also remembers when Ferguson Hwy opened.
36. Dr. Taylor
37. very good hospital. It was a mine's hospital at first, wouldn't let women in until town took over.
38.
39.
40.
41. Too young Started to work in 1937
42. Old Timers Reunion 1924 contest prize 1st was $500.
43. In camps the food was good
44. Ate well.
45.
46. Hand me downs patches on the seat of pants.
47. Dressed up
48. Went to Church. Big meal of the week usually chicken on Sunday
49. Mineral collection - rock or silver
50. People - it grows on you, friends are here.
51. Accustomed to it.
52. Roads improved
53. Misses old style grocery stores, paid the bill, once a month groceries, gave a bag of cookies or candies.
54. Wishes more mines were working
55. Answer above
56. A better price for silver.
57.They need the mines
58 Fall - Marvin didn't like spring because in those days of the horses with the slush and all, when walking downtown you’d be up to your knees in horse manure. He remembered one guy, Irwin Orr was always covered with it from head to toe.
59. Music, form of relaxation. Takes in odd show.
60. Gather minerals and enjoys listening to classical music.
61. Better price for silver and industry craft, shops, more mines.
62. Have to be mining promoters or tourists.
63. Some characters - it's unique, oldest mining town in this part of the country. Air plant.

Highlights
I really enjoyed Marvin's interview. I'm just disappointed that there was no tape recorder. I think that if we do get one I would like to go back. He is a marvelous talker. He also said the band shells we used quite frequently at least once a week. One was right across from Deluxe Grill now. I saw a picture he had.

Lucy Damiani March 6,1972
1:00 - 2:15 p.m.
1. Mrs. Eva Audette
2.
3. Eva Ladouceur
4. 173 Lang St.
5. 679-5754
6. 64 years old
7. South Indian, now known as Lemage,Ont.
a. Lemage,Ont.
9. Don't know
10. Came to North Cobalt, 9 years old and then to Cobalt one year later when I was 10. That was 1917
11. Street car
12. by way of North Cobalt
13. with mother and father two brothers one sister and myself.
14. worked as a butcher at Coutus grocery store.
15. Housekeeping
16. widow
17. Storekeeper
18. very busy little town, street cars went to North Cobalt, Haileybury. We had dirt roads and wooden sidewalks.
19. Good sized town,  lots of stores and real busy. People everywhere when you walked downtown
20. Came here with my father, my mother had passed away and he came to Cobalt because friends told him there was lots of work here. We He worked at Charles Reckin wholesale for couple of years. After that he got a contract with Mr. Campbell, the coal dealer to deliver coal. He also got other deliveries on the side so he bought two teams of horses.
21. Mines, contract work for those who had teams of horses work in stores, there were livery stables that hired men and in Latchford and Montreal River there were saw mills for lumber.
22. Worked until the work was done sometimes 8 or 10 hours.
23. $2.50 a week when I first started then later on $5 per week.
24. When I married we lived in an apartment at Coutu's where Bilodeau’s Empire Meat Market is today, then a small five room house on Earl Street. Later we bought a large two storey dwelling on Lang Street, It was 3 bedrooms, bathroom, kitchen, living room, entrance area, since then part of downstairs has been turned into confectionery with groceries and staples and non food items.
25. All the family went to a friend’s camp on a sleigh and I remember we all had such a wonderful day with our friends.
26. Water in home.
27. Electricity, but still not all the appliances we have nowadays. It was really just lighting and for a radio in the home.
28. At first I cooked on a wood stove then in later years an electric stove. When you baked in a wood stove you could somehow smell it all over the house
29. To start with a large heater that burned coal then later we bought an oil heater.
30. There were clothing stores, Buckovetsky's, TBS, Ansara Koury, Vellis, Bata, hat shops grocery stores Coutu's Morin Freres, & Malouin, Smiths, Giachino, Zanin bake shops, shoemaker shops, hardware’s, Bowdon, Black. You could buy anything you wanted here in those days now we have to shop out of town for so much. I can remember travelling salesladies coming to the door to sell clothes from a suitcase.
31. There were theatres, all kinds of Halls for dancing, I can remember Mrs. Halouka on Third Street used to rent her front room and we had many parties there. We also did a lot of skating and went to many house parties.
32. Skated and went sleigh riding in the summer we used to go to Peterson Lake or Sass Lake.
33. Saint Hillarion French School.
34. went to 6th grade
35. horse and buggy, street cars trains and a few cars were starting to come in
36. Dr. Schmidt
37. Cobalt Miners Hospital
38.
39. in Cobalt
40. Anita quit at 17, Lucille quit at 16, Gisele quit at 16
41. Anita worked at splint factory; Lucille worked at Woolworths, Gisele worked at Northern Telephone. My dad never worked in a mine but my husband did. He worked on surface but he always said how lucky he was not to be underground. The men used to all say it was hard work and not mechanized the way it is today.
42. Diamond drill contests, hand steel contests.
43. Most miners used to take a lunch pail to work with a variety of sandwiches, cheese, fruit or pie.
44. The main meal was nearly always eaten at supper time at our house.
45 Just wore plain clothes, skirt and blouse.
46. On Sundays if we had a nice dress we wore it to Church and as soon as we got home had to take it off to go out and play.
47. First we always went to Church-then later on we would go skating on the slimes, the boys always ma a rink and in summer we played ball or games or went to Peterson Lake swimming
48.I have no special treassure just some photos which I like to keep.
49. Cobalt now and before has always been a friendly town.
50. Because it’s a good feeling to live in a town where everyone talks to everyone. Also as a widow my neighbours and friends I have around me I can call anytime I need help and I know they will come.
51. The park downtown, the renovation of the old buildings on Lang St., our new subdivision with its nice new homes.
52. I like all the changes that have been made.
53. Yes the lack of stores.
54. Because I feel with a bigger shopping area we could keep people buying in their own town. Quite often strangers come in that are visiting and inquire about drill store and I have to tell them we don’t have one.
55. Yes
56. I think we should encourage companies or new businesses for the town. I would like to see another doctor, a dentist and maybe a small clinic where people could go for a general check-up. All these things would help to create more jobs.
57. Summer – winters are too long.
58. Watch tv, play cards, belong to WI, go to bingos, like to read
59. Knit and crochet
60. If we could have enough work for people here and keep our young people here too – for this we need industry for employment and perhaps a collegiate or trade school where the young people could further their studies.
61. We could use more tourist dollars – the summer season is short but couldn’t we have winter holidays – there is a ski place in operation. We have ice skating, some wonderful ski-doo trails, ice fishing and so it could almost be a year round business.
62. We have lakes for fishing, trailer park, good beaches for swimming, many historical sites to visit, you can pick berries and all these things are close by.

Highlights:
My home is in Cobalt and my family and friends are also here. I wouldn’t go anywhere else. But I do think I would be nice for everyone if we had a larger shopping area. We also need children’s clothing, shoe store, a drug store and information centre for tourists. We should make a big thing of these mine tours. I’m sure they would be interesting. There is a need for all this as we have a good outlying district to count on Temagami area, Latchford, Gillies, Kerr Lake, Mileage 104, and other small districts. I would like to see my dream come true, a busier Cobalt.



Lucy Damiani March 16, 1972
1. Lawrence F. Audette
2. Jackson
3. Wife's maiden name Lise Leblanc
4. 184 Lang St.
5. 679-5995
6. 36 years old
7. Cobalt
8. Mother and Father from Masson Quebec
9. From Quebec
10. Born in Cobalt, my father came here in 1909
11. My father came here from Masson, Quebec by train
12. by way of North Bay
13. mother and father came alone
14. I was an ONR messenger
15. My wife worked at Buckovetsky’s and later at Shams Drug Store
16. Sales representative for Metropolitan Ins. Co.
17. housewife
18. as a youngster I thought it was a good town to live in 1 - had lots of friends and always had good times
19. Father used to say he enjoyed his activities played cards, horseshoes, and talked about house parties that were really something
20. When my father arrived he started working in the mines
21. At the time the main industry was mining and logging
22. When I worked for ONR it was an 8 hour day and 40 hour week.
23. When I left in May 1971 I was 7etting $120. per week
24. An apartment across from where I live then I bought the home I am now in from Jack Asin telegraph operator who moved away. It's a 7 room house with a small annex.
25. At the present time we are spending our Christmas with the family, children are enjoying it and so are we. We also have friends and relatives here.
26. Water in home - hot and cold
27. Electricity for lighting and a few of the commodities like TV, washer, & dryer, range, refrigerator, kettle, toaster, iron, radio, electric shaver.

28. Electric stove
29. I :just installed a new oil furnace last November
30. I regret to say the shopping area is limited and so we have to go
out of town for many items
31. I bowl, we go out together socially and watch TV, have friends in for
a drink and talk
32. Hockey, baseball, broomball, boating, high school football
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48. I have a rifle that I got from my brother when I was 16 and this I cherish. very much. I have some of my father’s carpentry tools
49. It’s always been a very friendly town
50. A small town also some advantages it’s nice to go downtown and not
stand in line to go to the Post Office or some of the public buildings
51. The streets and highway are being well kept the parks are nice and it makes the town look better to see some of the old buildings renovated
52. There is still room for improvement but we are moving in the right direction and I like this
53. no.
54. I like it
55. Yes
56. A ball park for Cobalt would be very good, street signs and numbers on houses would help a lot. Our back streets are not safe for
children who have to play there and there should be more caution signs. Also parks for children to play in are very important
57. Summer is best
58. I take the family out driving; go fishing with the boys play horseshoes go to the beach or to the cottage and visit with friends
59. I like carpentry work and I am an avid sports fan follow all the series, hockey, baseball, football. I also coach little tykes teams in hockey.
60. The government should give us a subsidy for the piece of silver until the market reaches its level again another industry would help we already have a big smelter type building at Gillies that could be utilized for something.
61. We are improving as a tourist attraction we have natural spots lakes for fishing, beaches for swimming. Encourage the tourist dollar is my motto.
62. We have a lot of interest in mining tours and I don't think there's another spot that has mine holes all over, our mining museum is one of the best in Canada or even North America
Highlights
I would like to see more buildings go up and I give credit to Red &
White Tressiders Bros. for building such as big supermarket in our town. Also Bernies Silver Motel & Tavern deserves credit for such a big business venture. by not more of these business places in themselves they create some jobs.
I have always lived here and wouldn't like to move away. There isn't a friendlier town anywhere and I think with a little bit of help and
encouragement we'll stay. Bring in other people and try to create more jobs.

Simone Bedard April 13, 1972
1. Albert Babineau
4. 9 North Ave
5. 679-5758
7. I was born in Hamsdole New Hampshire U.S.A.
8. My father was born in St. John N.B. I can't remember where my mother was born
9. Before we came to Cobalt, my family was living at St. Eugene de Guigues in Temiskaming Quebec. I came to work in Cobalt in 1910 as a younger man
10. My family came to Cobalt in 1914. I was married to Clara Lamirande in 1912 at St. Eugene de Guigues, and I moved to Cobalt in 1914.
12. We moved by horse and sleigh and came to Cobalt
13. We had one child
14. My first job in Cobalt was at the Nipissing mine
16. Retired
17. I remember many times during the war when I came across Lake Temiskaming to Haileybury by boat, there were army officers who were at the dock and they would stop men and then they would bring them to the army barracks to enlist them in the army. I was also stopped, but I was a farmer at the time and also an American citizen so they had to release me, I was never taken to the barracks as I always had my American citizen papers on me, and once they’d see them they would release me.
18. My impressions of Cobalt were good, it was very big, there were lots of mines and all sorts of work
20. I came to Cobalt because the wages were very good. There was a choice of work. You could work in the mines, or as carpenters, building contractors, blacksmith and others.
22. When I came here, we worked 10 hrs, a day
23. Before I came to Cobalt I was working on a farm for $1.00 a day and at the Colonial Mine I was getting $3.75 a day on a machine
24. I lived on the north and of Lang St. by the bridge in a frame house; we had a kitchen and one bedroom downstairs and 2 bedrooms upstairs.
25. Friends and relatives would get together and we'd go from house to house and celebrate
26. We had tap water and electricity
28. A wood stove
29. Quebec heater and we burned wood or coal
30. There were all kinds of stores.
31. The arena, theaters, there was a play ground in West Cobalt. Where the town water reservoir is, there was a ski toe that went down to Sass Lake and the road passed under this.
32. I liked roller skating
35. Horse and buggy and streetcars
36. I had Dr. Mitchell and Dr. Joyal as doctors.
37. My wife was the first woman patient in the Cobalt Miners Hospital, and the reason an operation.
38. My first child was born in St. Eugene de Guigues, Quebec
39. Imelda went to the convent in Haileybury and when she quit she stayed home with my wife.
Lionel went to Ste. Therese School here and then went on with his studies in a college in Montreal. Then he worked in the mines here
41. Everything was done by hand
42. They had hand steeling and hand mucking and also baseball games
43. The mines had cookeries and bunk houses for those who lived out of town, and the men would come up for lunch and they had an hour for lunch. The ones who lived in town brought their lunches
44. Supper was the families main meal and they would have potatoes, meat vegetables pies, cake, and desserts of all kinds
45. The same as today
46. We'd go to low mass before anything else, then weld go visiting, fishing or go swimming at Peterson Lake
47. Men wore hats more than they do today and they would wear suits, ties, shirts, and dress pants.
49. I've spent most of my life here and to me its home
51. The museum is something that I find very interesting and I've often taken some of my visitors to see it, the arena is also a place I enjoy
57. I prefer Summer most as I love to go fishing
58. I attend the euchre parties at Ste. Therese School during the Winter and I also love to go to bingos
59. Cooking is my hobby and I like to try different recipes.
60. What we need is a factory that would employ men year round
62. The museum is a very good thing .Some people have never seen minerals
62. There are all kinds to be seen at museum.

My father—in—law Mr. Joe Lamirande had a boarding house and a small confectionery and he also sold water and wood from house to house, later he was making timber for the mines. I remember there was a small building next to the Imperial Bank and they had a blackboard outside with all the job listings, if we were looking for work we would go there and If there was work that we were interested in, we'd enter the building and pay $1.00 and the man who was taking care of these listings would give us a card and tell us where to go for the job and then we'd get hired. When I was a younger man I loved to go roller skating at the arena and they played the electric organ while we skated. I would rent my skates by the month and the young fellow who was taking care of the skates would put my name on a tag and tie them to the skates, whenever I wanted to skate I always had my skates. Mr. Brewer had a livery stable and you could rent a horse and buggy, or a team and express and he also had cabs these were something like coaches. We had four banks here at one time the Imperial Bank, Nova Scotia, Commerce; the Bank of Toronto was in the Fraser Hotel where the men1s beverage room is today. Mr. Deault had a blacksmith shop and he'd shoe horses and he would even make harnesses for horses.

Lucy Damiani April 25, 1972
Interview 1 1/2 hrs.
1. Carl Leslie Baxter
2. Mary Nielson wife, born in Denmark
3. 93 Galena Street Cobalt
4. 679-5764
5. retired road master on railroad means in charge of all track work and maintenance
6, Woodlake New Brunswick
7. Woodlake New Brunswick
8. married 2 daughters, Enid and Margaret
9. 69 yrs. of age
10. My impressions of Cobalt is due to recessed price of silver it is temporarily in a depressed conditions, but it will come back it always has and I don't think Cobalt will ever die. It's already beginning to look better I hear some of the mines are opening up again, and the Smelter is now open even if it just employs 50 men it will all help. I don't think too much about new regional schools and busing students back and forth when we have schools right in town here. I do feel the standard of education has fallen down badly, at the smaller schools the Students stand a better chance of individuality. There was an old Indian Chief in Elliot Lake that spoke of the white man, many moons
ago white man kill game, leave forest, come back cut trees, leave bare rock, now they're back for the rock, they have taken everything out of Cobalt now they're back for Grade 13, we've always had a good caliber of students at Cobalt High. It should definitely stay here, we have the teachers and we have the students so I hope we can keep it. I am happy to be in Cobalt, I am retired and on the money I  make I couldn't live anywhere else so cheaply for all the facilities we have, I came to Cobalt from Dane in 1938 I wanted the girls to get High School, and even though I could have picked other place I chose Cobalt. Let me tell you when we were driving into town on the bridge my wife looked
at me and said do I have to live in this dump? Now I can't get her out of here it’s the spirit of Cobalt people that makes the town you'd never find a friendlier people anywhere. II remember when constable Jim Tappenden was down at the station one night, I was talking to his assistant and he said to me...Look at him standing there talking to that guy with his cap on the back of his head, his jacket unbuttoned and his arms waving he'll never be anything but a plain policeman today Jimmie Superintendant from North Bay, North area the other fellow is still a plain policeman,
A temporary help for the economy of cobalt would be to subsidize silver so we can still mine it at a profit when price is low. but I don't know why all the noise people are still spending money and small as well as big businesses are opening up,
Again I say this is a good town to live in everything you need is central right down town a new supermarket we have a new motel, chamber of Commerce, hourly bus service to Haileybury or Liskeard, hospital that is well equipped only 5 miles away. We have a good  Municipal government for a town this size, taxes are reasonable so are water rates, the shopping area is small and we could use more stores, especially a drug store, but I wouldn't live anywhere else.
 I started working for O.N.R. in 1928 how did I come to be in the North, well in 1926 everybody was talking about the Red Lake gold strike, Well I saved some money and started out for Red Lake I got as far as Cochrane my money all gone so I stayed there never got to
Red Lake started waking for O.N.R. in 1928 then I went to Dane and finally to Cobalt worked on railroad 391/2 yrs. before retiring. When 1 came here to work the standard wage was 2.00 a day and board. During the depression I worked for $18 or 20. for two weeks but that wasn't as bad as it sounds because in those days your dollar bought more.
In 1934 a new Chevrolet coach was worth $734. and I even bought one second hand for $50. You pay was there finance in those days. Yes there was but let me tell you they were investigated you thoroughly and it wasn't so easy to get as it is nowadays. Something else I think IE all wrong our credit terms are made so easy no wonder some people are in debt up to their ears
 I think we should have small enterprise going. I'm not a business man but I see small businesses in town making a go of it so I would encourage more to come. We would have a general type hardware, such as the big ones in Liskeard and besides a drug store I hear peep] lamenting we need children's wear and teen clothing stores. In the old days you could have bought anything at Blacks or Rowdon’s hardware, these men were individuals today society would call them KOOKS and so we cannot be an individual anymore. I still say this is what has made Cobalt so Colorful.
We should stress more and advertise more this is an ideal town for retired people, we still have clean air, we are fighting to keep our waters non-polluted and we should also leave Cobalt as it is not too much restoration As this is what makes it unique right now, let’s leave it that way.
The tourist trader could be encouraged there is so much we have to offer we could easily have boat trips going, if we don't have a large lake here, maybe Lake Temiskaming the building of tourist camps on the new lake created by the Hydro Dam project Matabitchewan, we need more accommodations for travelling families we have no park facilities close by, if they use this new Loon Lake park, they will not come into town they will keep going we could also use more eating places this all has to be in Cobalt or very near area so we can get the tourists in here off the by-pass. Some of our landmarks heave been allowed to fall apart and trailer parks would be a good idea, how about Bass Lake. We should preserve our old mineshafts these a valuable land marks, tourists want to see them, artists want to paint them and when you
say mining you right away think of mine shafts. It could be done on a small scale "pioneer village" type of tourist attraction pick a mine property and build it up with authentic looking buildings as in old days and pertaining to mine property have a caretaker on the property to look after it this could be site for one of the tours, you could arrange separate tours one going to the compressed Air plant and while down there take in the hew hydro plant at Matabitchewan there is so much could be done, of course in town there is the museum and
the Drummond Park then you could go to Drummond Cairn site of Silver sidewalk and along  the way and stops on these tours have picnic tables so visitors can take a lunch. I hope to see some of this a reality in my day.
We should definitely have recreation program I think Ribson did a good job recreation should be for every age group and this is what he started organized sports for the youngsters they need someone to lead them into this.
 I am glad to see the town working on Tourism and also hope the price of silver goes up, for this is the best old town and we want it to stay that way.


Carmen Stubinski April 22, 1972
Interview 2 hrs.
1. Nina Beatty (Mrs. Jack)
3. Nina Austin
4. 39 Prospect Ave, Cobalt Ontario
6. 83 yrs. old 679-5523
7. Simcoe, County
8. Powassan, mother and dad cooked in the Lumber camps in that area. I was raised in Powassan
10. I was in Cobalt in 1908 and want back to Powassan. Got married there 1909. I went to school with my husband at Nipissing Village Hugh Armstrong went to school at the same time we are the name age. We came back to Cobalt to live in 1919.
13. We had 3 children by that time
14. A carpenter in Cobalt and at the O’Brien Mill at 104
15. Keep house, was a domestic I worked for Mr. Jones who was captain of the Buffalo Mine. The house is on Galena St. where Mrs. J. Sutherland lives today. Then I worked for Mr. Donaldson who lived close to the United Church where Elomaa lived today
16. died in 1941
17. retired
18. I was afraid to go out in the streets there were masses and masses of men on the square. There was all kinds of mud it was unbelievable. It use to stick to your feet in clods.
19. Oh busy I'll say it was busy, everybody was happy it seemed like that. On the hill was all buildings where Peter Armstrong lives today was the Methodist church manse. The Methodist church was on the corner,
20. I had my aunt living here. Mrs. Findley Munro I wanted to work she said come to Cobalt and make your home with me. Mrs. Munro was also my boy friend’s aunt.
22. I'd get up at 6 and work till the dinner dishes were done at night.
23. Got 8 per month. Cobalt paid better 20. per month
24. we settled in Mileage 104 in a 2 storey frame house. When the war was on my husband went to Welland to work in an ammunition factory. Don't know how he got such a good job on the start.
26. Water outside in a well, we were lucky to have a well. We used rain barrels wash tubs to catch rain water in the summer for washing. In the winter we melted snow lots of it. We had outdoor plumbing and used a chamber pail inside
27. We had coal oil lamps
28. Wood stove remember buying dry and green birch wood
29. Round Quebec heater high one
30. Bucklers grocery and general store. Ice cream parlour. Hardings owned a poolroom and candy store. They had one girl Ella Harding both ends of Mileage 104 burnt in the 1922 fire. The original centre of the town is still there.
31. What you made for yourself. House dances and parties
35. Street cars. Horse and buggy there were very few cars in those days.
36. Dr. Taylor
37. I was sick in the Cobalt Miners Hospital in 1940
38. In 1910 at home in Nipissing Had all my 5 children in my own home.
45. Cotton house dresses, long, high block buttoned boots. Long shirts trailing through the mud.
46. Pure silk dresses. My new black buttoned boots and button hook. Didn’t go bare headed to Church always wore hat and doves. You didn't feel dressed without a hat and corset’s laced in tight. I still wear corset’s can't go without them.
47. Always done all the baking on Saturday did as little as possible on Sunday. Just cooked the big dinner. We always had dinner in the dining room. The kitchen was too small. We'd go for long walks. The kids always went to Sunday school. It was held in the 104 Public school.
48. We lost everything in the 1922 fire. We lived in three different houses at 104.
49. Its home
50. My children live all around me here. I spend 2 months of the yr with each one and its home
51. The moved our store away from the corner and I miss our store. I miss the salvation army and Baptist churches that they tore down.
57. Sew knit and crochet. Have 80 pair of pot holders made since xmas, pillow cases since Christmas. I crochet 20 pair of coasters for under creams and sugars. Also 12 pairs of Bonnet shaped holders with lace. I keep myself busy. I’ve been living with my family the last 31 yrs. since my husband died. The art of sewing Mrs. Beatty is an artist a sample of home craft in Cobalt.



Simone Bedard April 19, 1972
1. Claudette Bedard
2. Claudette Daire
3. 19 Third Street
4. 679-5547
5. Housewife
6. I was born at Dupuis in the county of Abitibi Quebec
7. My father was born in St. Gabriel de Brandon Que. I believe my mother was born in Dupuis Abitibi also.
8. Married.
9. 33 years old
10. I think Cobalt is a bad state as far as employment is concerned and I hope it will pick up soon. I am not in favor of the Regional School System, I do not like to see my children travelling to school when we have school facilities here, the school day is longer for these children as they have to get up earlier to get the bus to travel the distance and father more they can't participate in after school activities as they have to take the bus, to get home and it certainly will not wait for them.
What we need here is an industry, and if the Government could give us a hand to get one that would give us a hand to work year round to our men and help us get out of this depressed state that we're in. Job opportunities at the moment is about nil, a training school to train the men in a trade is what we need. Wages could be better with the cost of living. We need a better variety in
stores and with a little competition between them, the town people would have a better chance and there would be less shopping done out of town. Recreation facilities could be improved, an amusement park for small children would be interesting, and there should also be something for the teenagers. We should have organized baseball or football for young boys.
11. There is a place for improvement in this end of town, the streets could be repaired & widened and we need sidewalks. There should be signs around here, children are playing in the streets as most of us don't have yards, if we could have a sign "slow, children playing" and there's no stop sign whatsoever and there's a small intersection and the cars are driving over the speed limit. We could do with snow removal in winter also.
13. We need another doctor, in town, also a dentist, a lawyer a pharmacy, policing _a small emergency hospital or convalescent home these are things that would _Benefit our town,
14. I would think that if the town council had a look at the situation it may get something started in the right direction.

Simone Bedard
1. Marie Louise Belanger
3. Marie Bourassa
4, 100 Lang St. April 28,1972
5. 679-5643
6. 68 years old
7. I was born in Buckingham Quebec
8. My parents were b born in Buckingham Quebec
9. Buckingham Quebec
10. I came to Cobalt in 1926. I had a cousin here Mr. teach school. Zenon Duval. I came to Cobalt to teach school.
11. I came to Cobalt by train.
12. What impressed me of Cobalt was all the houses built on sides of hills and the long flight of stairs to get to the higher streets on the hills.
19. It was booming, lots of houses and stores, depression had not started yet, but there were a few empty houses.
20. I came here for one day to see the school board to make an application for a teaching job; they wrote me later and told me I was hired.
21. There were lots of men working in the mines and girls were able to get jobs as clerks in stores.
22. I worked from 9 to 4
23. I was getting paid $90.00 a Month
24. I was living with Mrs. Lavigne in a private home.
25. I went home for Christmas,
30. There were all sorts of shops.
31. We had theatres, card parties at the parish hall, skating and tobogganing
33. I did not go to school here but I taught for 3 years,
34. I had ten years of schooling in Quebec and I had my diplomas for Quebec then I took 3 years summer courses in Ottawa to be able to teach in Ontario.
35. There were cars, trains and the street cars communications from. Cobalt to New Liskeard,
36. Dr. Schmidt and Dr. Chase were my first doctors
37. It had everything we needed they had operations there and they had very good nurses, but we had our babies at home.
38. My first child was born at home.
39. They quit when they were 16 and 17 years old.
44.We bought our meat at the market, we had vegetables and we made lots of pastries We'd buy our milk and cream from the milkman, we had very good meals.
46. On Sundays we wore our best clothes.
47. We went to church then we’d take car rides with the family.
48. No
49. When you've been here so long it's not so much Cobalt, but my family and friends that keep me here.
51. The recreation committee did a lot for Cobalt, the artificial ice, figure skating, broomball, and organized hockey.
55. It would be nice to have an old people’s home and also low rent housing
57. I enjoy Summer most of all as I get out more, at my age it's hard to get around in Winter with the snow and ice.
58. We play cards. I go to bingos and in Winter I play euchre at Ste. Therese School.
59. Sewing, crochet and knitting
62. We have the mining museum and mining tours for visitors.

Highlights:

I started teaching in Cobalt in 1926, St. Hillarion School had burnt before the
Fall term, there was an hotel on Argentite Street that was closed and they made school classes in it and I taught school there with another teacher until the following Spring when the new school was built there were more class rooms at the Knight of Columbus Hall on Lang St. where Mac's Furniture warehouse is today,
One year in December there was a bad flu going around and the schools were empty so the teachers got together and went to see the president of the school board to ask him to get time off seeing there were no students and we were given permission so we had an extra two weeks for the Christmas holidays that year.
The Sisters of Assumption came to Cobalt in 1929 to teach in the school.
My father in law Mr. Examines Belanger operated a second hand store and he was also an ice dealer, my husband Thomas took over the ice business and had it for about 12 years and he also had mine contracts hauling minerals day and night at the mill in 104. He sold stove wood.
When we were bringing up our family they had 100 a week for an allowance.



Simone Bedard April 12, 1972
1. Remi Belanger
3. 189 Lang St.
4. 679-5909
5. Truck driver
6. Cobalt
7. My mother was born in Buckingham Que.
8. Married
9. 35 yrs. old
10. I'm not in favor of elementary school children travelling out of town to' go to school but I have no objection to secondary school students travelling/ I think Cobalt would pick up if we got help from the government to get a secondary industry. We could have an industry that would use the natural resource and make it into a finished product. With all our empty schools maybe they could be used as training schools of some kind. Wages are not high enough for the price we pay for our groceries, clothing etc. I would like to see better recreation, more indoor recreation for the Winter and organized minor baseball leagues for boys. There's not enough competition in town to draw people here, the prices are in any outsider too high and that's why they don't draw in any outsiders. What we need are more store,
11. I think Cobalt should have a small hospital of its own, build by the govern¬ment as a convalescent home.
12. The refinery is closed, the mines have slowed down. They way it is now; I'm less tempted to invest in Cobalt.
13. I would like to see more industry, more stores and more recreation facilities. It would brighten the whole outlook of Cobalt.
14. By pouring some of the money that was taken out of Cobalt by mining and by putting it back into the town.

Simone Bedard April 18, 1972
1. Simone Belanger
3. Simone Audette
4. 33 Third St.
5. 679-5548
6. 62 years old
7. I was born in St. Claude Quebec, now known as Windsor Mill
R. My dad was born in St. Casimir Que. and my mother was born in Nicolet Que.
9. Before they came to Cobalt, they were living in St.Claude Quebec
10. We came to Cobalt in 1910 or 1911. My uncle Mr. Alcide Ouellette came before we did,
11. We came here by train as this was the only way of transportation.
13. My parents and 3 children
14. My father was a miner.
21. There were a lot of mines going in those days
22. The men worked 10 hrs, a day
23. When I was a young girl my dad was getting 4.50 a day
24. My first home was on Lang St. and it was a two storey frame house
25. I remember when I was a little girl my parents had got me a little doll and I found it before Christmas. The boys got little toy trucks. We visited friends over the Christmas holidays, and there was lots of food.
26. We were buying our water.
27. For lighting we had coal oil lamps
28. We had a big Legare kitchen stove
30. We had theaters and restaurants, an arena, there was a beautiful hall where the TTL is today and they held Christmas & Easter Balls there. When I got married this is where we had our dance.
32. There was a tennis court and a skating rink
33. yes
34. I went to school as far as grade 8
36. Dr. Taylor was our first family doctor
37. At first it was a miners hospital and then later on it was a family hospital
38. My first child was born in the Cobalt hospital
39 & 40. Rita had a commercial course in New Liskeard and then she worked for Morrissette Diamond Drilling in the office. Roger quit school in grade 8 and went to work in Elliot Lake in the mines.
42. They held they're contest at the West Cobalt playgrounds and they had hand steeling and hand mucking.
43. We had a lot of salt pork, potatoes, vegetables and desserts.
45. We'd wear little cotton dresses and ankle boots in the summer, we didn't wear long woolen stockings to keep warm.
46. The men and boys would wear they're dress suits and ties and shiny shoes, the mothers and little girls would wear nice dresses, hats & gloves
47. On Sunday's we'd go to church and then we'd go home and the kids would play skipping rope or something
48. no
49. To me its home and the people are very friendly
51. We have a nice library, a nice Supermarket.
52. I don't see any improvements in the North End of town and we sure need it
55. We could do with more work.
57. I like Cobalt all year round, but I find that it costs quite a bit in the winter months
58. I go to euchre parties at Ste Theresa School in the Winter and I go to bingos occasionally
59. My hobby is knitting
60. We need an industry of some kind that would give work year round.
61. There's the mining museum and the mining tours.

Highlights:
 I remember when the mines blew the whistles in the morning and I miss this. When the French school burned down children were going to school in classes in different parts of town in buildings where space could be spared
I remember when Mr. Giachino had a beautiful restaurant, it was named Palm Gardens The Finlanders had a beach at Peterson Lake and it was called Finn Bay. We had many circuses 8: magicians coming to Cobalt. Mr. X.Belanger had a secondhand
store on Lang St. he also sold ice blocks and had an ice house on Galbraith St. On July 12th, the Orangemen's had a big parade and they had big beautiful horses The French people had a St. Jean Baptiste picnic every year. When I was a little girl I remember cutting pictures out of the catalogues and we'd 101y cutouts and we would play house, we didn't have much but we enjoyed ourselves.



Carmen Stubinski May 27, 1972
4 hours
1, Ralph Benner
4. Business address. P.O. Box 208, Cobalt, Ont
5, 679-5757, Its funny my mining license is the same as my phone number
6. born in 1913 - 58 years old
7. At home in Mileage 104
8. Dad was born in Severn Bridge, mother was born in Sundridge Ont
9. They were married in South Diver 1908
10. Born here
13. There were 5 of us
14. Geologist. I tried and tried to get a lease on Silver Cliff when I was 21. Someone beat me to it. Hal Fancy and Bob Lymna got the lease. So I went to work with a shovel for 13.75 per day
15. Stenographer met her in England APP. We got married in England
16. Consulting, Geologist, prospector
17. Housewife
17a. I joined and waited 6 months for a call it came 3 days before Christmas in 1940. I landed in England xmas 1941. After training as a navigator Bombardier RCAF came out as a flight Lieutenant. Was there 31- years I was
on the 429 Bison squadron Bombed on night duty. Did 24 hours bombing raids. Not Mary shortly after I got there. All Canadian personnel Bournemouth. That is where I met Mary. I went with here for 21 years and got married there.
18. I was glad to be back after the war. Still remember singing 0 Canada when we came home. I was crying I was so glad to be home. Coming back to Canada and seeing lights and stores again after 31 hours darkness. You could feel embarrassment. I found the house very warm. It took me a year or two to get used to central heating again.
19. Can remember coming home on the train mot Cal Taylor on the train he was MP for Temiskaming NDP at the time. Cal told me how things were happening in Cobalt. It didn't concern as I still had one year to go to University and anxious to get a pack sack on my back again and get out in the bush and go up the lake and out hunting in the 'ash which I loved.
21. I came back to Cobalt because my business was mining. After I graduated from queens that when A.D.Hellens, Hal Kenty and Mario DeBastini and I got together, Melons, Kenty and I had been overseas. The five of us were all close friends. Mario didn't go overseas. Dan and I became partners with Mario's help and guidance pumped shafts fixed it all up for operation. The Cobalt Lode which we had optioned. The first drill hole we put down we struck high grade silver. Mario was working with us we found a mine the 2 & 3 hole --as rich the 4th one missed the rest were good. It was the first money I made to celebrate Dan, Mario and I went to Purdy's Lunch counter and had a coke.
Jim Armstrong came back from overseas he came in with us. We mat up a. brief and went in Ottawa. We rewrote the brief 3 times between Cobalt and North Bay. Between North Day and Ottawa we rewrote it 3 times when we got to Ottawa we had it typed. In Ottawa we finally filed it and presented it. We got what we wanted the raise in the price of Cobalt. The old follows in Cot said we were crazy 4 young' fellows going to Ottawa to see about the price of Cobalt.
26. We had to walk a couple hundred yards to got water.
27. Coal lamps and lanterns an outdoor.
28. Wood stove. Mother baked all her own bread Saturday was baking day at our place. She preserved hundreds of jars of fruit and picker every year. We never bought canned fruit. The fruit was wild raspberries, blueberries and wild strawberries
29, Quebec heater) heated by coal.
30. Harry Bucklers general store Morris Ledovitz. He had the East Nipissing clothing store. You could buy and pay him when you could afford to, It was a. good store. He had beautiful daughters too. My barber was Charlie Otten There was Matton's barber shop in Mileage 104. Benny Mino the shoemaker. When Bill Harding also ran a poolroom and confectionery store.
31. The bush. The gym at the YMCA, in Cobalt Bijou theatre. It was 104 entry my sister took us, she paid our way. We sell bags to make money to go to the show.
32. The big thing was skating on Mill Creek we'd spend 6 hours. We'd ski, snow shoe. We made our own home made Bobsleds and we used to toboggan later years
33. Yes, Public school in Mileage 104 to grade 7 tried our entrance in the Cobalt Public school. Then I went to high school for 2 years my mother made me take straight matrix. I changed over to the mining school and graduated in 1932 at 17 years old
34. 16 years altogether
35. Street cars, horse and buggy
36. Dr. Schmidt
37. The miners hospital
38. Allan was born in England. Mary went to England to have him, I wasn’t settled then it was the easiest way
39. Worked in the gold mines in Kirkland Lake 1933-34, Working conditions were good.
42. Mucking contests and hand steeling
43. Waiting for dad to come home with his lunch pail. Remember dad always saved me something to eat out of his lunch pail
45. Penfield fleece lined combinations Wool mackinaw jacket, knee breeches
46. I wore a little Lord Fauntleroy suit, lace collar, velvet knee pants, I always carried a needle and thread, so I could mend my long stockings before mother saw the tears. In sports we used to go swimming at Cross Lake in at the second lake, Kirk Lake. We'd play baseball in the school yard. Mother and dad were caretakers at the mileage 104 school when we were kids going to school. I was the water boy. I had to carry water in the morning before I'd go to school. I'd fill up the cooler up and down stairs before I caught the bus to go to Haileybury high school My boots would be very uncomfortable. I'd have wet feet some days in the winter till I came home at night. My brothers helped me sometimes.
47. We'd sing hymns at home after we came home from Sunday school. We had family gatherings
48. Mineral collection the last 10 years
49. I know the people they are friendly
50. I feel there's more people for my type of work. There are more mines to be found
51. Walking last fall up Lang St. I couldn’t help but notice the young people outside painting and fixing up their homes at one time they were all old people on Lang St. I like Dunning Drive. Dr. Dunning deserves the honour of the street being named after him. New Red & White store more buildings not shacks replacing the old buildings
52. Don't like not having no drug store
53. My work has been searching and concentrated on new deposits
55.Yes
56. More mines found . They will be found I don't mean old mines I mean new ones so the production will be like 1910.
57. The fall, early spring, when the snow goes. No there's no flies. Its good prospecting in the fall when the leaves are gone there are no flies.
58. Jim Armstrong has been the mainstay of Cobalt. He has been and is doing a lot to bring money and has found silver for them. He is still working for them. as working in the old mines I'm looking for new mines. When I was in Cobalt and things were going good. I said I'm getting out of here I got so fat. It was terrible. I went to Beaver Lodge, Elliot, Denison and Canmet. I was in on the deal in Connaught. Had a deal with Denison exploration prospecting wise. My hobby is mining and prospecting I love the bush at Harrison Hibbert we located an ore body. Jim Armstrong and I were on the Harrison Hibbert. It never was a big mine. Cobalt Lode was a rich little mine Shaft 400 ft. 3 - 20 acre claims on property.
60. Mining in faces of refining production of silver and Cobalt metals. Have to find new mines
61. mining financiers, promoters, tourism
62. Mining tour, museum, fishing
63.. There are many mines to be found within a 50 mile radius of Cobalt not only silver gold, copper and nickel.

Hightlights:

1. I feel Paul Hermiston deserves a lot of credit for working free of charge in setting up and organizing and doing the excellent job of getting the museum in shape and setting up the exhibits and ore exhibits. I spent many hours in the museum when Paul was doing this practically round clock.
2. Arnold Todd had a lot to do in collecting material getting trucks to move the stuff in the museum in the start before Paul took over as curator. Arnold has done a lot for the town of Cobalt over the years in his own
silent way
3.  I was councilor for the Township of Coleman for 3 years before we moved to Toronto.

Ed Benner

4. Dad died at the age of 90. Feb. 1959. He worked at the O'Brien Mine for 17 years as surface straw boss. He liked sports Saturday night hockey as ho got older was his favourite. Ho used to listen by radio, earphone, TV. We rigged up ear phones for him. He didn't enjoy the TV as much as he did radio.
5.  Mother died Harriet Benner died at the age of 88, March 1972, She was active all her life baking for United Church bake sales and teas to which she belonged. Rebecca's Past Grand Progressive Conservative organization. We moved 4 times in 4 different houses our house burned in the 1922 fire,
The one that burnt we bought from Charlie Oaty. The house we own now was after the 1922 fire,
1. Ralph Benner has always been optimistic about the Cobalt area. He has maintained an office here since the Second World War.
2.  He has three good local properties in view one of the, they are drilling in the spring 12 miles south of Cobalt. They have the money for this work. Another is 15 miles south of Cobalt. The last 2 properties as soon as they set Capital they are going; to explore and work,
 3. Shall I say Ralph is Cobalt in the Gore and is expecting great things for the next year.


Carmen Stubinski February 21, 1972
1 ½ hours
1. Donna Berger
2.
3. Donna Francis
4. 45 Cobalt Street, Cobalt.
5. 679-5963
6. 28 Birthday Feb. 29 1 birthday every 4 years.
7. Timmins,Ont.
8. Mother and dad from England
9. Yorkshire and Cornwall, England.
10. 11 years.
11. car
12. came south
13. 4
14. electronic technician
15. R.N.A.
16. Trans Canada Pipeline technician
17. Homemaker
18. Good I wouldn't have any other town much better than Timmins.
19.More stores, Dominion Store, Home furnishing, T.B.S.
20. Because I got married here
21. Didn't look, took nursing course
22. Different shifts, 8 hours
23. $27. per month
24. It  was a war time house
25. no.
26. water in house
27. hydro
28. wood stove for as long as I can remember
29. Wood stove heated all the house.
30. Drug store, furniture, grocery, and clothing
31. Shows,
32. skating
33. no.
34. 10
35. all kinds
36. Dr. Dunning
37. good
38. Haileybury
39. Too young
40.
41.
42.
43. no idea
44. always plenty to eat roast beef on Sunday, leftovers for Monday
45. Went home to Timmins
46. slacks
47. Mainly slacks
48. Church in the morning for a drive in the afternoon
49. Rocking chair
50. Its friendly
51. It makes it a better place to live in; everyone speaks to each other, no pushing and shoving. If you need help you get it faster.
52. Eaton’s old building was torn down now it is a park. New subdivision makes the town more modern.
53. Not having a drug store. Miss Damiani's store could always buy something different, miss their luncheon meats.
54. No.
55.
56. I like the way it is
57.
58. Spring its beautiful with the leaves coming out and the grass turning green.
59. Listen to records stay home most of the time
60. Knitting, sewing, crocheting, cooking, new recipes, knitting for
The Canadian Save the Children Fund right now. They supply the wool
You knit it up, and mail back the knitting.
61. If we could interest someone to establish an industry here. We have The men and women here to do the work. It isn't as if we have
To import men to work. No matter what industry the people would go into work and be trained to do it.
62. I can't answer that question because I just don't know.
63. New Sharp Lake Park, Bass Lake, looking forward to the new Lions Park within walking distance. New Motel, good stores, Silver Tavern, mining tours, Miners Festival museum, and the new library is beautiful. We definitely take all our visitors to the Highway Bookstore, Claim Post and the many unusual things.

Highlight:
Mrs. Berger lives in Cobalt and wouldn’t have it any other way.

Lucy Damiani Feb. 28, 1972
7:45 - 8:45
1. Theodore Bilodeau
2. Ted
3. Aurora Brazeau
4. 108 Lang Street
5. 679-8706
6. 50 years old
7. Cobalt
8. Father born in Capelton Quebec. Mother born in Victoriaville
9. Thetford Mines
10. I was born here my father came to Cobalt in 1908
11. He came by train to North Bay
12. By way of North Bay
13. Father was here in 1908 came as a widower with friends.
14. I worked at the Agnico Mine
15. My wife worked in Buckovetsky's Shoe Shop
16. Own a grocery store - storekeeper
17a. Storekeeper.
17b. 3 years in Infantry.
18. My father came the year after the strike and then it was all built up around the square and downtown area.
19. Wooden sidewalks and Lang Street then extended to the tracks
20. Came here because my dad was working in the mine so I came to get a job.
21. It was mostly mining and between big and small ones there were some hundred mines operating. I got a job at the Temiskaming at old townsite.
22. My father worked about 10 hours a day.
23. You could make 32.75 a day laborer, machine man $3.25 a day. I worked 8 hour shifts for 350 an hour seven days a week. Went to Queenmont Noranda in 1945, stayed there for 2 years, from there went to Timmins for 3 years then came to Cobalt and worked at Silver Miller Mine for 6 years. Then I bought the store and have been here ever since.
24. One winter I stayed in a frame house, then later I bought Nadeau's house on Lang Street and when we moved to the store we lived upstairs.
25. With family, gifts for the kids, meat pies, everybody coming in for reveillions after midnight mass.
26. Mr. Bilodeau Sr. said they had to get their water from the well and they also used to buy it from a vendor
27. Ted had electricity. Ted's father says there was electricity in very few places; most homes had coal oil lamps.
28. Wood stove for cooking.
29. Wood and coal for heating - wood was plentiful - used to go outside and get winter supply in.
30. Lang Street was full of shops on both sides, hardware shops, grocery stores, general stores, clothing shops, bake shops, jeweler wholesale of all kinds.
31. Mr. Bilodeau Sr. played mouth organ went to dances and played cards for entertainment. Ted says they had the Allouette Club going and it was a lot of fun. - he went to dances and played cards.
32. We had a gym in the house and pool table. Ted also played broomball.
33. In North Cobalt.
34. Eight hours.
35. Mr. Bilodeau Sr. says in his day there was only horse and buggy. Ted has 2 cars and one truck.
36. Ted had Dr. Kane. Mr. Bilodeau had Dr. Mitchell.
37. We use the Haileybury Hospital.
38. George was born in Haileybury.
39. The girls quit school at age 18, George went until he was 24.
40. Girls are married. George is part-time teacher.
41. Mr. Bilodeau worked in the mines by candlelight with shovels - it was hard work no machines like to-day. Ted says there is a difference in safety measures working with machines and kerosene lamps.
42. The contests haven't changed they still have mucking and hand drilling contests
43. They both say that people ate just as well then as they do now perhaps plainer food but nourishing.
44. They have always eaten together at supper after the store closed.
45. Christmas is always a gay time with everyone coming in after Midnight Mass.
46. Dressed in work clothes through the week.
47. On Sundays we always wore nice clothes everyone dressed us to go to Church
48. In the summer to the beach in the winter sleigh riding on nice days or games and card playing indoors.
49. I have a rifle which I got from a good friend of the families, that is about 70 years old - other than that we have some old family pictures.
50. Cobalt is a good town to live in.
51. People are friendly you know nearly everyone my home and business are here and I enjoy all this friendship has to offer.
52. The town has cleaned up some of the old lots and built nice parks most people are taking better care of their properties - I think after
Mastermet cleared the lots they were holding, people right away started fixing their homes and taking care of land soaping.
53.I like the changes made and hope they will be for the betterment of Cobalt
54.No. I like it.
55. I like it.
56.Yes
57.There is still too much out of town shopping - more stores & certainly a drug store would help - could we get the town to clean up a few more of the old shacks left.
58. I like the fall, for this part of the country it is the most beautiful time with the trees changing and all the splendid colours.
59. Play euchre, dancing, enjoy small house parties
60. Fishing & hunting.
61. We need another industry besides mining.
62. I think our season is too short for tourist trade only 3 months sometimes it rains a lot-we should work on something to encourage people coming in and people living here.
63. Museum, mining tours, could fix up the corner store with the natural shaft house for another attraction-we have new library, good motel accommodations many many lakes for swimming and fishing - good hunting grounds, These are all easily accessed.

Highlights
We have gone through some rough periods in Cobalt with new systems coming in all the time perhaps the government, could sponsor some program
for Cobalt to keep it alive. It is really one of the most historic towns of the North.

Name of Interviewer: Simone Bedard March 27, 1972
Interview 2 hrs.
1. Laurel Birtch
3. Carrie Brown
4. Nipissing Property
5. 679-5776
6, Laurel 49  Carrie 47
7. Ottawa Plantagenet by Ottawa
8. Garry’s parents Shawville Quebec, Perth New Brunswick
9. Ottawa
10. We arrived in Cobalt in August 1924
11. I was just a baby but I guess we came by train
13. Father, mother and If boys
14. A little of everything, truck driver, miner, plumber, contractor
15. Splint factory in New Liskeard
16. Contractor, self-employed
17. Housewife
18. I was too young, but as I grew older it was a very busy place
19. Dad drove teams for George Brewer; he worked for Crown Reserve Mine, and took care of a livery stable were Pep Chitaroni's house stands now.
22. Long
23. Dad was paid $15 per week in summer and $18 in winter
24. The first home I can remember was a tenant house at 33 park St.
25. Those were the good Christmases
26. We had a pump in the house
27. We had electric lights we use to put coppers for fuses in those days
28. Wood stove
29. Wood stove and box stove
30. Pretty good stores, the4„ Buckovetsky's, Abraham's Eaton’s had a grocery store with its order office behind the store.
31. There were 3 shows that I can remember
32. I went swimming, played hockey and ball
33. yes
34. I went as far as grade 10
36. Dr. Mitchell Dr. Chase
37. Cobalt miners hospital
38. in Haileybury
39. we have 2 married 'and If still going to school
40, When we came to Cobalt, they were dying down some,
41. Hand mucking, hand drilling and races
42. Meat, Potatoes lots of homemade bread, salt pork, homemade butter, tea and milk.
44. the same
46. Good pants, good shirt and jacket
47. We went to Church, Sunday School and then you went out to play
48, Yes I have a 250 shin plaster dated Jan 2, 1900 my grandfather gave it to me before he died.
49. Its home
50, Friendly spot, more advantages no doubt
55. I would like to see more work
56. Industry
57. Summer and Fall
58. Fraternal organizations, camping
59. Carrie, knitting and some sewing Laurel, no time for hobbies, too busy
60. More industries
62. Friendliness and old style mining, mining tours.

Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb 17, 1972
Interview: Time of Interview: 2 hrs.

1. Mr. Arthur Brocklebank
2. Art
3.
4. 48 Nickle St
5. 679-8204
6. 82
7. England
8. parents both came from England
9. England.-North
10. Came by Boat and taro in 1909
11. Boat and train
12. Boat docked at Quebec—then finished trip by rail
13. Alone--Father was here in Cobalt He was the Head Timber man at the Savage mine, When Art came. There was a fire in Cobalt at that time and they said to him on the train "What the hell's the use of going to Cobalt--It's on fire". But it really wasn't that bad
14. Mechanical work and underground
15. Went to England and got married
16. Retired
17. Dead--worked on submarines at the time of the war--for 10 to 12 years-but was not in the service
18. He couldn't say he really loved it--Art made 31 trips back and forth to England.
19. Everyone met the train in the early day. When you stepped off they would hire you-needed a job. Work was very plentiful
20. Came to Cobalt, because his father was here
21. Went to work in the Savage mine. Also did plumbing work. Master mechanic by trade
22. 10 hr. worked at Nipissing also
23. $2.75 per day
24. Caesar Cain's boarding house. He and his father lived there--many people stayed there from the Isle of Man all Englishman. Lived on Swamp St. Argentite Rd Right hand side
25. Spent xmas with his father
26. Had to go to the well-not too far
27. In 1927 there was electricity
28. Cook stove range
29. Pot bellied stove to heat the house-,-4 ft. one Hung underwear and clothes to dry close to the pipe
30. General Stores
31. Down Swamp St. 6 blind pigs--Police always went in twice for safety--A lot of prostitutes--Theatres. He didn't go to them but knew they were there $20  to look at here.
32. Wrestling--Art was a good wrestler
33. No
34.7 yrs. brought up on a farm
35. Horse and buggies--dogs and sleighs train, street cars, down Swamp St.
36. Dr. Cain
37. Miss Reed was the nurse. It was a mine hospital
38. In Cobalt-3 girls
39. Elsie took courses
      Ida had all kinds of money and travelled a lot to Europe
             Laura
41. Busy--safe to work
42. The miners had a lot of drilling contests
43. Stews-roasts-English cooking-good meals
44. same as above-made Cornish pastries--very good
45.
46. Work clothes--wore braces
47. Dressed up to take the ladies out--His wife made him. Wore flannel shirts-
Remembers the dog named Cobalt that travelled the train everyday
48. In the camp playing cards--went to the blind pigs
49. no
50. like it
51. nice and quiet now-earlier it was rough town
52. It's very respectable
53. none
54. no
55.
56. more drilling and mines opened
57.
58. Spring and summer
59. television-down to the legion for a beer
60. drinking doesn't take two much though
61. open mines--if he was young and had money would invest it
62. miners
63. social life--memories--coming back to something you have a strong feeling for

Hightlights:

He owned the Drummond House--had to tear it down because of taxes--left the fireplace and put a cable around the lot
Art was a councilor and greeted Lord and Lady Bessborough--They took the Persian rug from their house and put it on the square to greet them--they put up a plaque.
Bill Taylor and Art--set up their both daughters in Hairdressing in Rouyn--They didn't make a go of it But Art kept giving them money-They let too many customers charge the fellows Kept the shop open so they would have an excuse to go up for a good time.

Carmen Stubinski April 15, 1972
Interview 1 hr.
1. Mrs. Lititia Bowers (Mrs. James)
Helen Street, Cobalt
Born 1874. In Mono Township Dufferin County
She married my dad in Toronto in 1904 and moved to New Liskeard in 1907. Lather in 1907 moved to first Brook in a deserted prospectors log cabin. Dad was a logger. He prospected High Falls Mine. When dad took his job of, jobbing he'd hire his own men, 5 or 6.
Mother would cook in the lumber camps in the summer. She did all the cooking for the men. She made her own bread, pies, cakes, etc.
She was a midwife. Whenever there was a baby coming she'd go with the husband that came for her, regardless of the distance. Many a child was brought into the world herself.
When Leslie was so sick Dad had to walk the 10 miles to New Liskeard often to get medicine for him.
Mother often has told us the story about the bear, when we lived in the one room log cabin in 1907 out in first brook. The same bear used to come and put his 2 front paws on the window and look in. One day 2 prospectors were there when it happened. Mother would rattle the lids on the stove to chase him away. This window sill had scratches all over it from the bear.
Dad was in the wood business till the day he died. He was sick for 2 days. He died at the age of 80 in 1950.
Granny Bowers, better known to us all as granny led a very active life. She never had an electric washing machine. Her home today on Helen St. had a wood stove for cooking with a sad iron on the back of it. She went down town daily till 2 yrs. ago played bingo wild loved it. She still wants to play bingo. He friends were scared something might happen as she is
so fragile. Just a little fall to the window and she'll crack a rib or Train her wrist. You’re never go into Grannies house, that she doesn't want you to leave without a cup of tea.
They have lived in Cobalt 22 yrs. and still own a bush camp 5 miles south of Latchford for the last 20 yrs.
Granny Bowers had 2 children, 5 grandchildren 27 great grand children, 7 great great grand children.
Granny Bowers always had a special birthday party given to her on her birthday till she was 97 by her friends. She is now confined in the Hospital. She has been in the hospital since 71.
She says the first place she is going to when she gets out is a Bingo
Always a sweet smile for everyone. Anyone knowing Granny Bowers will say she is a grandlady still living April 17, 72,

Lucy Damiani May 5, 1972
2:00 - 3:45
1. Michael Joseph Brosko
2. Genny Tevatio (wife)
3. 10 Argentite St.
4. 679-5966
5. shoemaker
6. born in Cobalt
7. Father in Ukraine, Mother in Poland
8. married - 2 boys
9. 52 years old
10. Cobalt is dead. The millionaires bled us to death for years and left us with nothing. Why didn't they put some of the money they made back into Cobalt? The government made money here. Spent it elsewhere and never did too much for us here. We are the forgotten people. What about this big new project that is going to be located on the Larose property Mike? That. I'll believe it when I see it. This new education system they have is also haywire. There’d no individuality. Those students are just going to be a number. The schools are too big and the teachers don't know the kids. It is losing the personal touch. Our schools in my day may have been smaller but I think we got a better education. And this is also costing the taxpayer more money because we are paying for new schools when our other schools in town are not being utilized, not paid for, w1 are they going to do with the empty schools? Our express and rail rates are out of this world. We have only a few hours service. There is only one passenger train a day in here. Also our freight only comes in once or twice. We small businesses are paying to have the railway system going to keep Sherman Mines, Texas Gulf, Adams, all the .per outfits who make money in business. If they paid their proper share we small fellows wouldn't have to pay such high freight rates and don't forget this (lower freight rates) would also induce small industry and we'll never get industry until we do something about our freight rates, on this government railroad of ours. Also we could have everything come in by rail except the perishables and this would keep our highways in better shape as there wouldn't be as there w many large transports bouncing around on them. Our system of government is all wrong. I don't say go all the way like Hitler or communist but they do have some good points. If you need education they see you get it, if a musician has any talent they put him through top schools here you have to do this on your own. This town should have been torn down and rebuilt. This is what should have been done, if lumber or wood were reasonable we could fix our homes or build. The working man can't purchase lumber or do a thing; it's priced right out of our reach.
They have fixed up some buildings in town but it’s still the old shell
and this is the way all the town looks. When they first started building They were put up to last a few years and sixty years later some of them are still here. They are sending our ore out to be refined to the states. Why couldn't we have this industry here? My father was here in the early 1900's worked on railroad putting it through to points north. There were 8 children in our family and the hungry 30's were pretty grim for us. At
times we just ate bread and vegetables from the garden. There were no benefits then as there are now. I started working at a young early age and so did the rest of the family. We had to my father worked hard to make ends meet.
He went into mining after he left railway that was his livelihood, and it took its tool. He died of silicosis. I started working as a shoemaker when I
was a kid with Nick Costo, a greek shoemaker who taught me everything I know about shoemaking. I worked with him for six years, for Mercier at Teronite Gold Mine, Young Davidson, Matachewan and then five years in the army. I went to England Scotland, France, Holland, Germany and Belgium. In Dec. 1945 I came home. I opened a shop Mar. let, 1946 right where I am today I was married in 1947 to Genny Tevatio a Cobalt girl. Lived with my mother in law for 5 years then I remodeled the place I am now living in - apartment above the shop and this is where we lived. Small businesses have a hard time surviving nowadays. It’s a lot of work for very little money. I was checking some newspaper ads and Eaton’s are advertising sale on zippers for $4.50  and I am selling them $2.50 and people still think you are robbing them. Women's half soles were advertised for $3.50 a pair. I probably couldn't get that for soles and heels plus my work. In the 30's tried everywhere to get a job. Went to Timmins , Kirkland, Malartic, Val D'or, Rouyn Noranda, - big line ups at all the gates. Cousin told me to go to Terinite and that how I got on its 70 miles on the other side of Gowganda. Just a couple of cabins, there was a blind pig and small store. This town looked good when we had Ducks, TES, Woolworths, people used to come and shop here from Liskeard Haileybury, now it’s the other way around. We have to go up there for lack of stores. I think it is very unfair to small businesses when big places like Sherman Mine, Refinery and the hydro project was like this. All these outfits bring in supplies and store goods which they sell at cost plus 1 % so the small business is sitting there not selling their project. These projects do not benefit a town. They come in with everything supplies included and they take off with everything when they leave. Tourist trade is only good for a few months of the year and good only for grocery stores, hotels, restaurant, and souvenir shops. In a town this size we need more than just tourist trade to help keep it going. I mentioned what might help in the foregoing paragraphs. We are too free with our laws. Look at our salmon industry. We will soon have lost all salmon mainly because we are letting other countries fish on our shores. The cost of everything is already so high that the average laborer has no money left after buying necessities so he is not spending freely which affects our prosperity. I say for a small community we paid too high a price for recreation. 39,000. is a lot of money to pay a man for the job. Why don't we get together with Township of Coleman they have been using our facil-ities and not paying their share, of together we could have better facilities. They get some tax money from our schools, our mines we are paying for their kids going to school and using our facilities. This amalgamation should have taken place a long time ago. There should be organized sports. I'm
sure there are many fellows here in town who would donate their time towards an organized sports program. Look at Haileybury and Liskeard they don't have a recreation director. If all citizens pitched in with this little town of ours it would be a better place to live in.
I have an old building next to me that a real fire hazard and it’s also four feet on my property and I just can't get it moved. I have been after the town to move it for years. It's not a museum piece. I don't know why they are trying to restore it, it’s not yet twenty years old. Another
spot that's ruined is Cobalt Lake. The mines have been dumping in slimes and tailings. When people started complaining about the looks of the lake. So when the town began demanding action from the Agnico Mines a body of men representing Agnico, met with town council and lawyer Sophia represented Cobalt in the action. Agnico agreed to clean up the lake and maybe if silver goes up Agnico still has lots of tailings to put through so it may never e the same nice lake it once was. They have started a road to the ball park which Lions Winter works is making at one end of the lake. They should have just built this baseball Park at West Cobalt where the old one once was there will be a lot of cleaning up to make a nice park of it. To me there should be some law that a home owner or business place should keep their own properties clean of litter and this would help Jeep the town cleaner. They could also put those garbage cans up around town again. I think people use them. Well I guess I've said enough Lucy except I'd like to see nothing better than the town of Cobalt go ahead. We have been held back and I hope it picks up again. Thanks for your interview and time Mike. If you forgot something for have other interesting things to tell me just call.


Lucy Damiani May 1, 1972             2:15 3:45
1. Mario Rugero Brunetta
2. None
3. 42 Park, St.
4. none
5. retired
5. Caneva Udine Italy
7. Caneva Udino Italy
3. Single
9. About 70 years old
10. It would be a good town to live in especially now with all the facilities but they should tear down all the old houses that are not livable. They were defeating their own purpose by fixing up the buildings renovating and making part of the downtown section very attractive. Then they have these old buildings on the same street. From the Silver City Garage to the bridge is quite a nice area. When they tear down some of the old buildings they should give people a chance to buy the lots. Some of the homes you see are so close together some of these should be relocated and some of the streets that are too narrow with houses close to the road, should be moved hack in order to have wider roads. I also think it’s a shame to have such a nice lake right in a town and they let it become-polluted with mill tailings and climes. Companies who mined around this area should also be made clean up the mess. Rather than waste time on some winter works program that wont t show why didn't they wait until the weather was favourable and have the alike pumped out until it’s clean again. This is a nice location for a lake and it should be kept nice. I don’t think much of this regional school and bussing the kids out of town, We have our own schools in town so why all this? I think there is more going against it than for it. First of all it’s a long day for the student they leave earlier and come back later. Secondly there is no supervision except in classroom and it’s hard for the parent to know whether or not their child is attending classes. Thirdly larger schools means more children which means not too much individual attention so does this help bring on a good grade of students. I also hope the
meeting on Monday night tonight will bring some results and that they will listen to the voice of the people. We would not want to lost grade 13. This big project that Mr. Cooper was influential in getting this big project for Cobalt. It’s what the old town needed. Some people are still skeptical as to this going through out if they received a government grant they will have to produce I also hear things are looking better for the old town. There is more news to come on the Smelter and also the Dept of Restoration may have something for Cobalt every little bit helps. If we can keep our few small industries going locally  it will all help. More industry would be a welcome benefit to the town they, the investors should be given some incentive to locate industry in Cobalt.
There is also room for private enterprise. We do need a drugstore and some more stores to prevent so much out of town shopping. Some of the local businesses we have now are out pricing themselves out of business. This is a depressed area and we are paying higher than city prices in clothing, groceries, hardware. The town has certainly improved in the l few years, the new parks have added to it, and a credit to the town is the new Red & White the Tressider Bros are to be congratulated on their venture and so is Birnie's Motel and Tavern these are alia nice addition to the town. The new housing, subdivision and I hear we are going to have a senior citizens home, which I think we really need.. The tourist trade should be encouraged although we want to keep our lakes clean, as we have much to offer the tourist where else except Cobalt ate all the things to do and all close by - lakes for fishing and swimming, Boot hunting grounds for small and large game, mine sites, shafts, the "Mat Hydro" Project, Drummond Cairn, good berry picking and a fine museum of mining downtown, now the new Mint & refinery will be another tourist attraction. I came to Canada in 1922 and went to Cape Breton Island for For years, I worked on a farm in Saskatchewan for the harvest went to Sudbury .,or about one year. In 1926 I worked in Gowganda and stayed there for 5 years. In 1931 worked on railroad on extra gang. I worked in Toronto for one summer on construction there was no winter construction in those years. Came back to Cobalt and started working as night man at the Fraser 'louse and stayed there for 'might years before retiring. I bought my house on Park Street in 1953 and I have been here ever since. Through the years when I worked in Cape Breton, Saskatchewan, Sudbury, Toronto, Gowganda, I kept coming to Cobalt to visit friends. There has always been something about the town and the people that got to me. I could have
gone to many other places to settle down as I have no ties, but I couldn't find a place I liked as well as Cobalt. We are situated in an ideal location. Lakes good hunting trails only 68or 8 miles to the north is Kirkland Lake and 98 miles to the south is North Bay. You can take a little drive to Haileybury or Liskeard and its only 9 miles away. I have a little Volkswagen and I enjoy driving around the countryside. In winter I am content to sit at home and watch TV or road. I read a lot. We have a good library in town and down the road about 5 miles in Gillis is the Highway Book Store that has any book you could think of or want I say this is the Best Old Town and I wouldn't trade it for any other place.
would like to see it a little more lively, so I hope it does pick up. It will always haves a big heat its people are famous the world over or their friendliness/ I've enjoyed talking to you about the old days. So have I Mario and I hope this
will get into a history of some kind. Thanks.

Joanna Stubinski April 18, 1972
1 1/2 hours
1. Miss Patricia Brezenski
2. Pat
3, single
4. 19 Helen
5. 679-5779
6. 47
7. Cobalt
8. Mother born in Brudenelle Ottawa Valley. Father in Poland 3 months old when came to Brudenelle
9. Ottawa valley
10. Father came to Cobalt in 1904, was married at that time. He came first -got a job and went for his wife
11. came by train to Mattawa then boat to New Liskeard or Haileybury
13. Father, mother and aster Mary
14. Dad worked at Nipissing Mine and Mining Corp. Also for Brewer's Livery. He delivered electrical wire and machines to the Hydro project, at Ragged Chutes in 1909
15. Mother was a school teacher, but didn't teach in Cobalt.
16. Father is dead and mother also
17. Pat is a nurse at Haileybury Hospital
18. Grew up in depression time but had a good time growing up. Always liked Cobalt
19. Remembers dad saying that Mr. Bilodeau sold them water by the barrel when they lived on Earl St. Went to the Ball Park. One day my mother was leaving the house to see Rudolph Valentino at the theatre just as she was leaving the doctor came to examine her, he said "Where are you going, she told him, he said come in I'll examine you, “when finished he said, "I don't think you'll be going anyplace " and just then her sister Maggie was born. It was Dr.Taylor
20. Dad came because of the mines and to get a job
21. Mining - blacksmithing - lumbering
22. 9 hours - father worked, sometimes longer
23. about 3 dollars a day
24. 19 Helen St. bungalow type wood frame
25. Remembers candles that were lit on the tree. Mother always had the water ready. These candles clipped on, remembers stringing popcorn for the tree. Also parents trying to put kids to sleep. So they could hide the gifts.
26. running water
27. hydro
28. Wood stove
29. Wood and coal
30. Bata's, butcher shops, Vellis' Assaf's, Woodworth's, Buck's, TBS, clothing stores, restaurants,
31. Vaudeville Acts - Classic theatre and made your own fun.
32. Bowling, skating, swimming, camping, skiing, bicycling, badminton and basketball.
33. St. Pat's and Cobalt High then trained at St. Michael's in Toronto
34. 16 yrs.
35. Street cars used to go to New Liskeard beach by streetcar remembers when Mclsaac buses started running
36. Dr. Case
37. Never in the mine hospital in Cobalt
41. Father helped the Prince of Wales saw the ladle full of silver to form a silver bar
42. Just what I saw at festivals
43. meat and potatoes always ate 3 heavy meals a day. We always had our own garden and vegetables.
44. same
45. Never wore slacks. Wore dresses and skirts to school. Always changed after.
46. Put on your best dress but again changed after mass
47. Went to mass and benediction picnics and playing around
48. My mother’s dishes and nick necks and furniture„
49. The people
50. always loved Cobalt and was born here
51. none
52. Would like to see progress for better too many businesses closing and mines
53. yes
54. need a better shopping area prices are too high need more competition 55 yes
56. Ike to see it a good thriving busy community with more job opportunities
57. summer
58. Likes to entertain and read - go to the beach. Any concerts or plays that come to the area I try to see - fishing - picnics and boating
59. reading and doing leather crafts
More industry or something that’s going to create jobs. Perhaps a year round type of resort need something here to give a good wage.
61. We'd need another good mining find, to bring in people a boom of some sort.
62. Museum - lake9 - fishing - swimming and scenery

Pat is a busy little hard working girl - never goes out much but loves to entertain She does travel when she can - really enjoys life.


Carmen Stubinski February 21, 1972
1 1/2 hours.
1. Mrs. Carole Buffam
2.
3. Carole Thibeault
4. 2 Silver Street, Cobalt.
5. 679-5937
6. 29
7. Cobalt
8. Mother, Cobalt, Father Cobalt.
9. Cobalt.
10.
11.
12.
13. 9
14. Funeral Director.
15. Bank clerk
16. Funeral Director.
17. Homemaker
18. Too young.
19.
20. .
21.
22. Eight hours.
23.
24. Large frame wooden house.
25. With a large family we had good Christmas'
26. In the house.
27. Electricity
28. Wood stove used to toast our bread on the top of the stove. In the summer when the stove wasn't used 1 used to use the back of the
stove for a blackboard. Used to put potatoes on the top of the stove, cover them with a can till cooked. It was delicious.
29. Big wood furnace downstairs.
30. Woolworth's, Bucks, 1.B.3. Tom Black's Hardware.
31. Teen town, show, dancing.
32. Bowling, skating, tobogganing, badminton
33. Yes
34. 12
35. Bus, trains, cars.
36. Dr. Dunning,
37. Good
38. Haileybury
39. At school.
40.
41. Went down under round in a mine once, down to 2nd level, and didn’t like it.
42.
43. Big sturdy meal, Stews, beans.
44. Always had a nice big meal on Sundays, always had plenty to eat. Mother was a tremendous cook.
45.
46. Blouses, jumpers.
47. Best clothes.
48. Church, visiting.
49.
50. Friendly town,
51. I love the place.
52. Home improvements, new buildings, parks, the new homes on Dunning Drive
53. The town itself I like
54.
55.
56. Would like to see more recreation facilities in summer for the children such as organized groups.
57. Baseball, tennis. In winter Boy scouts, cubs etc.
58. Fall, it’s beautiful.
59. We make our own entertainment, shows, and play cards, entertain.
60. Hook rugs, sew
61. Something should be done about the mines.
62. The average worker if they could find a job.
63. Mining tours, Kiwanis beach, the town itself has something to offer, curving roads, and Cobalt’s Miners Festival week. Smell of green trees, Cobalt's Hospitality. Just show them Cobalt. Most of all no pollution.

 Highlights

Mrs. Buffam was born and raised Cobalt and the Buffams have a Funeral business in Cobalt.
She loves everything about Cobalt and wouldn't want to live anywhere else.


Lucy DAMIANI, Apr. 24/72
                  8:15 - 10:30
1. Jackson David BURTON
2. Helen TURGEON (wife) born in Shawville in Otter Bay
3. 23 Ruby Street
4. 679-8314
5. Unemployed
6. Haileybury, July llth, 1917.
7. Mother and Father both born in Queens Line near Cobden, Ont.
8. Great grandfather on fathers side born in Nottingham, England.
     Great grandmother on father’s side born in Scotland.
8. Married - 2 children, Wendy 21, Harry 22.
9. 55 years old.
10. I say Cobalt is the only town in Canada where the Bank Manager stops to talk to the garbage collectors on a Monday morning. This is a typical mining sown and I would not trade it for 2 dozen Haileybury or Liskeard or any other town. There is no class distinction here and anybody moving in with high and mighty airs or ideas soon changes or nobody will bother with them. We 'ye had our ups and downs and I've seen worse times in Cobalt. The smelter has opened up and will later on employ about 50 or 60 men. They are working with Cobalt mineral and we have plenty of it here. They say Silver Shields is going to open up soon and Agnico will be again on the producing list so the picture looks brighter. I wouldn't like to see industry come in because we would soon have pollution in the air, water and earth. Anyone coming up from down south keeps saying how clean the air is. What is so unique about Cobalt is our water sources are unpolluted I am now working with Mr. Gore on trying to get to the proper authorities to have building on Cross Lake stopped before it is too late. We have one home there with water facilities from and to the lake and this should be stopped now while there is still time to prevent pollution. We have four lakes here now for drinking water where it is unlawful to put a boat on the water so let's do all in our power to keep it so. We are ahead in Canada, if our border sister the States where they have no control in soap for phosphate education. Both countries have cut down Lumber and we are now going to lose our best forests.
I am really against loosing students to school there are too many going out of town like this for schools - they are leaving earlier, coming home later, there is no supervision, we are better off with our own schools in our own towns. I'm against taking away grade 13 from Cobalt High School. We have carried on with grade 13 when lesser students were attending. Now we could bring in Temagami and Latchford students. People are losing their individuality and so are the students they are becoming a number. The teacher doesn't get to know her students as they used to in our days. A few years ago Walter Cole and I were in charge of track and field competition and public speaking contest for the local Canadian Legion. We sent out invitations to participate to 7 schools. Ten days before the public speaking contest we got in touch again with the same 7 schools for an immediate reply and we heard from no one. The contest was held on a Sunday at 1:30. At 1:00 p.m. Walter and I were at the auditorium and the principal of St. Pat's came with 4 girls 2 in grades 1 to 6 and two in grades 6 to 8 - total contestants from 7 schools there were just the 4 girls who entered track and field contest it was the same. -Brian Richards and Gary Meehan were the only teachers to show, so the Legion abandoned the project. There is no interest in students, their welfare or recreation facilities - the lack of interest also by teachers. Price of silver is big reason for our depressed state. There aren't too many industries using silver. There is still a lot of silver to be mined. Speak to any old-timer in the area and he will tell you it’s still underground. An example of setbacks is the holding companies are JJ Grey and P Hugh Sutherland who have properties but are not using or releasing for use so the silver just sits there, When Mr. Reinhardt passed away his property was released and that was where Glenn Lake had some of their richest finds. My grandfather came to Haileybury from Cobden in 1911 and worked at the Nipissing Mine, he also worked jobbing in lumbering for P 0 Murphy Lumber Co. died you know before the 1922 fire in Haileybury. There was a box factory and a brick factory. These factories were both in the vicinity of the new park up there. As a matter of fact there's a big hill there with a big cone shape where they had taken day out for brick making. We lived there on the settlement and it was called Lawlor town after Mr. Lawlor who was an early business man in Haileybury. In 1928 - 1930 the -hockey games were terrific entertainment, that was when Cobalt - Haileybury - Liskeard had junior, intermediate and senior hockey games.
Some of the Cobalt teams later went to form a nucleus of the N H L teams.
There was always much rivalry between Cobalt and Liskeard but we got along fine with Haileybury. I can remember 3 outstanding players in that league - "Gerty" Tuppling, "Baldy" Northcott and "Noisy" Clark the goaltender.
Dr. Banting was an amateur artist who painted with the Group of Seven. He came to Cobalt for holidays and was a great friend of Dr. Armstrongs, the dentist here. Dr. A. Y. Jackson often came to Cobalt to paint. I have three
of his reproductions. There were others from Group of Seven came here to paint. It was a favourite place for artists with its rolling countryside and unique architecture. I enlisted in the Army Aug. 2, 1940. I was already in the Algonquin Regiment before the war and became a qualified Signal Sergeant in 1933. I still read and send Morse code. There were other Cobalt boys in our regiment. Dave Thorne, Bob Clark, Aldege Primeau (killed in action K.I.A.), Dave Armstrong K.I.A., Michael Boland K.I.A., Arnold Todd, Bob Herbert, George
Herbert, George Cassidy, Jack McLeod, Clark Robertsonl Tommy Cole, Ted Underwood, Emerson Cote, John Tasse, Brit Mathers, Jack Mathers, Davy Orr, Armand Levely, _Clarence Pearce, Cord Watts, Zeo Church, Romeo Dworski, Roger Boissonneault K.I. A., Dick Fenton, Bill Fenton, Gordon Fenton, Herbert Long, Dominique Bolger, Bert Folco, Braden Bolger NC, Gordon Wyatt, Harold Brunette, Adelard Godin, Mike Bolan, Jeff Gauthier, Woodley Soucisse, Edmund Soucisse, Irving Orr, John Gordon, W.C. "Doc" Price, Jock Price, Walter Harvey, Ralph Richardson, W.L. Pidgeon, George Powells, Lloyd Pellette, Bill Buckland, Jim Bailey, Wib Sullivan, Paul Guilbeault, Ed Jabour, Clarence Campbell, Tom Adshead, J.K. Nugent, E.J. Primeau, mobilized on July 22, 1940. We spend 1940-41-42 going from Haileybury to Camp Borden, Port Arthur, Shiloh, Manitoba, Niagara Falls, Buttwood, New Brunswick, Debert, N.S., England, France, Belgium, and Germany. We ended up in North Bay, Jan. 1945 for demobilization. In Jan. 1946 I got my first job 6 weeks guarding a condemned man at Haileybury Gael. The hardest Job I've ever had to do. Then I went to Ausic Mines, it was the former Silver Cliff. These were all A.B. Pilner properties. Worked until Mar. 20, 1947, then I went to Lowery grocery wholesale until Oct. 15, 1949, then I worked for Purdy's Modern Hardware, located in the lower street level of the Fraser House Bldg. until Feb. 26, 1955. I worked from March 10, 1955 until Nov 15th, 1957 . Worked one year for R.J. MacArthur machinery. June 22, 1959 I started at Liquor Control Board of Ontario, Cobalt, and worked until October 1964. I quit for reasons of health. I have a part time job as secretary treasurer for Canadian Legion Branch 44, Cobalt. People in Haileybury and New Liskeard have spoken about wonderful recreation program we had in Cobalt. We had a girls bugle and drum bang, majorettes, dancing school, glee club, art club, ceramics club and miners festival every year. Most of these things we didn't have going before our director organized them. It might be difficult to carry through a program now with all the difficulties which had arisen. There is a pottery shop in town, an off - shoot of recreation program. I think it would be quite appropriate to have a silver jewelry business. After all this is Cobalt’s main industry. I think the local municipal government is doing a terrific job in town. They are renovation old buildings and adding to the business section of the town. We have a good snow removal and garbage collection. We have a summer school for artists every year and we would like .cur old buildings preserved and we won't get tourist attractions if we are going to work on a tourist trade. We will have to preserve our head frames and old buildings, and mine shafts. I wouldn't like to see it too beautiful -keep some of the rustic atmosphere. This is paramount for tourists. Over in European Countries there is always a town square, a park with benches. These are no facilities for sitting in the parks down town. So often it has been said that we do not have a resourceful source of information for the tourist or people stopping to enquire. We should educate our citizens, maybe these are newcomers but when stopped by a stranger and queried as to what is there to see in Cobalt quite often the answer is - "I don't know". We very much need tourist information on local sights, and historic spots to see, places to fish, with maps on how to get to the different lakes, this should be in form of a big bulletin board down town or perhaps leaflets at a central store in town that is open after 6:00. This booklet should have motel, hotels, and rates, a list of eating places, how to het to mines, Mat project, etc., etc. My favourite hobbies are art and pottery. I use local clay from the little clay belt which stretches from South Loraine to Englehart. In Liskeard clay belt is from 100 to 200 feet deep. At the pottery shop we are making our own glazes, use Cobalt oxide, iron, nickel and copper, buy ingredients and make own glazes.
We have applied for a government loan and we hope to have our little industry going. For sports we have ski village in Lorrain Valley. In earlier 1940, Jean was on ladies baseball team. I bought my home from Dr. Lyons. It was a two storey Chinese Laundry for $285.00 and I and my wife went up to Haileybury and tore it down board by board and brought salvageable lumber to Cobalt. I bought a lot on 23 Ruby Street and built the home myself. Moved in on Sept. 4, 1948 and my son was born three weeks later. I covered roof with tarpaper and a big wind storm blew most of the paper off. Then it started to rain and we just didn't have enough pots and pans for the drips. We moved our bed from the bedroom to the other end of the house. When my brother down the street heard of my plight, he came up and took us to his house for the night. Here I was earning $25.00 a week and trying to build a house, boy I'll tell you there were some rough days. My friend Bill Conroy helped me put the sewer pipes in, the electrical and other fixtures I put in myself. It now has six spacious rooms and is very comfortable. I added another room in 1966. There is a nice lot at the back of the house for a garden. When I first moved in there were only 9 houses on the street, now there are 16 homes. And since I've been there in 1948, some 23 people on my street and street opposite have passed away.

Lucy Damiani March 19, 1972
    7 - 8:30
James Caufield
2. None
3. Elizabeth MacDonald (wife)
4. 48 Earl Street
5. 679-5791
6. Age 741.
7. Uxbridge,Ontario
8. Father in Uxbridge, Mother in Pickering County
9. Ireland
10. Came to Cobalt in 1936 prior to this was in Monteith from 1918 to 1936
11. Car by way. of Kirkland Lake
12. Number 11 Highway south of Kirkland Lake
13. came with wife and daughter Jean
14. Stationery engineer at 0' Brien mine
15, was a teacher
16. at present retired but perhaps may work again
17. Retired housewife J. really didn't think too much of it coming in by train north or south it looked depressing and desolate. Of course the depression was on and a lot of homes looked as though they needed repairs.'
19. I was not used to all the hills and rock this was strange to me
20. I had been offered a job before coming here so I came to Cobalt to work there was a scarcity of jobs everywhere at the time.
21. Mining, mill work, some lumbering in the area
22. 8 hours a day seven days a week
23. About 50. per week
24. Have always lived in this house on arrival we bought it from Brisebois a
large two storey home with 3 large bedrooms upstairs a bathroom and 2
large rooms and a kitchen downstairs
25. We had a good Christmas some of our relatives came to visit and our daughter Jeanie was old enough to enjoy Santa Claus
26. water in house with 3 piece bath
27. Electricity for lighting
28. Wood cook stove, gas heating upstairs system
30. A lot more stores than today TBS, Woolworths Buckovetsky’s, Rowdon Hardware Malton the barber, hat shops, shoe stores, Tom Black Hardware an eccentric old man who was really a legend here. When you went in to buy something his usual line was What do you want to buy that for its just a piece of junk or maybe you'd get No its not for sale. Tourists got to know him and used to drop in just to talk to him.
51. Shows, Knights of Columbus Hall, Town Hall, YMCA and skating rink, ball field and pool rooms, restaurants.
32. Football and baseball.
33. went to school in Uxbridge
34. Elementary school
35. trains, buses, cars
36. Dr. Case
37. there was a red cross hospital at the time and good size two storey building
38. Jean was born in Monteith
39. Jean went through for a teacher quit at 19. John graduated from Mining School at 21. Rosemary —quit at 19. Frank graduated from Mining School at 20
40. Jean worked teaching at St. Josephs Ottawa. John worked at Opemiska. Rosemary worked ' St. Josephs Hospital North Bay. Frank worked at East Malartic
41. Was a mill worker don't know too such about mine underground
42. They held drill and mucking contests
43. Lunch pail consisting of sandwiches cake or cookies fruit and tea
44. I was always on shift work and the family always had a main meal at supper
45. Work plain sports clothes through the week.
46. On Sundays dressed up go to church and when we got home we usually changed back to sports clothes
47. went walking in the bush, fishing or going to the lake with family
48. Stations of the Cross in booklet form this belonged to my Mother, she was very religious , a fishing tackle
49. I think it’s a good town to live in but would like to see more work
50. Because it has a nice friendly atmosphere
51. Building of library, town has renovated some of the old buildings, new townsite with new homes. Think it’s wonderful the recreation facilities the children have.
52. I feel there is far too much welfare and these people • should be made
to work.
53. No I like it.
54. I do wish they would punish offenders to the crimes they commit - there are still those who go around breaking windows, destroying public property or defacing new buildings
55. yes
56. More work and prospects for everyone something should definitely be done to encourage our young people to stay
57. Like summer best
58. like gardening, read a lot, watch TV
59. gardening
60. There has to be an incentive to locate industry this far north. We should encourage American or foreign investment
61. We should encourage tourist trade
62. Mining tours museum, are of special interest we also have good fishing hunting spots and we are friendly to people.


Name of Interviewer: Simone Bedard March 28
Interview: 9:45 to 12:00
1. Raymond Champagne
3. 154 Lang St
4. 679-5653
5. Millwright
6. Cuthier Quebec
7. Bonfield Ontario
8. Married
9. 40 yrs. old
10. Education facilities are up to par with the rest of Ontario. For the economic situation is poor, as we have to go outside for work. The job opportunities are bad, there is no work within 200 miles, training may be ok for miners but outside of this you have to go to Toronto. Wages are good. City facilities are good.
11. We would need an industry that would employ people year round, something like a factory employ people year round, something like a factory of some kind, that wouldn't be here just fo3 a few yrs. and then close down,
12. The lower Notch Ontario Hydro Power Dam gave work to more than 3,000 men specified no. 2 occupation; millwrights had work for 25 members for 16 months. The Sherman Mine helped develop the Tri-Town and without is the Tri-Town is practically nothing
13. An industry that would employ at least 600 people year round
14, A smelter to refine the silver or an industry that would employ a sufficient amount of men
15, 12 members
14. He did millwright at the Sherman Mine construction site for Canadian Bethel Contractor 16. Millwright
19. Cobalt was a place that was just starting to breath with the Sherman Nine construction
20. We came to Cobalt for the construction of the Sherman Mine.
21. Millwright at the Sherman Mine
39. Oldest son quit New Liskeard Secondary School after grade 11 at age 17, to start an apprenticeship in millwright at Toronto.
40. His first job was in Sudbury he worked there during 11 months, and then he was transferred to Cobalt at Lower Notch for ten months now transferred to Timmins at Texas Gulf. 49. Cobalt is a nice place to stay and I hope we will have work soon
52. There's no more work for the finishing student,
60. All the small mines are closing down for some reason, those men needs jobs, Sherman Mine is filled up and there is no other industry in the area.
62. At the moment no one, as there is no work.

In the park that is under construction if a swimming pool was added to permit children to
spend the day at the park. You would need at least 4 monitors to direct kids in play and amusement.


Simone Bedard
1, Lucien Chartrand
2. Luke
4. 212 Lang St.
5. 679-5640
6. 56 yrs. old
7. I was born in Cobalt April 24,1972
8. My dad was born in St. Clet, Quebec. and my mother in Buckingham
9. They were married in Buckingham and they were living there before they
came to Cobalt in 1906 and my mother joined him with the family in 1909. 11. They came by train
13. My parents and 4 children
14. My father was a blacksmith by trade
16. I work for the Department of Correctional Service
17a. The only war memory I have is when I fractured my spine in a mountain climbing practice. I was in the army for 3 years
21. When dad came to Cobalt he worked as a blacksmith and steel sharpener in the mines.
22. He was working, 10 hours a day
3. In those days he was getting P_.75 a day.
24. Our first home where I was born was at 36 1st Street it was a two storey frame home.
25. When I was a child we had a lot of relatives and friends at Christmas. We had a few toys and a lot to eat.
26. We had tap water
27. For lighting we had electricity
28. Wood stove
29. In winter we had a coal furnace for heating
30. We had a lot of stores and they were in every part of town
31. In winter we played hockey on the swamp and skated on Cobalt Lake, in summer we played ball,
33. I went to St. Hillarion school on O'Brien Property
34. 1 finished school in grade 8
36. Dr. Taylor was our first family doctor
37. The facilities & service are very good
38. He was born in Haileybury Hospital
39. He finished school when he was 19 years old. He worked for CJKL radio for three months then went to work for a finance company.
41. All the mines were working, and the work was hard.
42. They had hand mucking, hand steeling and hand drilling contests
43. My dad ate side pork or pork chops and fried potatoes and homemade bread for breakfast
44. Ragouts, roast beef, potatoes; vegetables and all kinds of pies. We wore little suits and these were made at home as my mother made a lot of our clothes.
47. We went to mass and when we got home we changed our clothes and went to play ball or hockey depending on the season.
48. no
49. People in Cobalt are friendly, we know all our neighbours and to us its home.
51. The new library and the remodeling of buildings in town have really improved our town.
52. What I don't like is losing all our stores and offices, Express, freight shed, long distance. Why should we have to pay extra to pay our telephone and hydro bills
53. There's only a few stores and they're expansive so we go out of town and once there we do all our shopping groceries and clothes.
55. We'd like to see a dry goods store in town. Something that should thoroughly be investigated is our 'Welfare problem in Cobalt, some people are
Getting welfare that could at least do a watchman's job.
57. We prefer summer as we love to go fishing.
58. We play cards, go fishing and we also love to travel
59. My hobby is wood working
60. I think we need an industry in this area.
61. I don't think Cobalt has much to offer at the moment
62. We have the mining museum, the mining festival in the summer and we have pottery for visitors.

Highlights:

 I remember when the 1922 Haileybury fire was just across the bridge mom had dressed us all up in our best clothes as we were going to take the train that we here just for that purpose to rescue the people and we each carried a little bag . I  was told that when the influenza epidemic was in Cobalt all those who were infected were moved to Mileage 104 in a big house so they would not spread the flu and they were all taken care of together it was something like a hospital.

Joanna Stubinski May 30, 1972
1 hour
Agnes Chesser
Agnes took telegraphy in Toronto and in 1916 started as a student in Cobalt for the TNO. D. H. Way was the agent for both the station and the Telegraph office. Mary Bunyan was the head operator and. Florence Guertin was the operator. The office was very busy - the girls had to copy the news for the Nugget over the Morse wires and to deliver it to the Cobalt Nugget.
Agnes worked there for6 months then when the ONR long distance moved from Northern Telephone to the station she came to Haileybury telegraph office, which was still under the ONR but over the Strong Drug Store - this was 1917 Agnes worked there until the 1922 fire. The day of the fire all of Haileybury was on fire."I remember said Agnes,"the firemen came and sent a wire to railroad. In North Bay to tell them the Town of Haileybury was burning,"
We stayed at the lake until 2 a.m. in the morning, it had started to turn cold and we had light clothes on as we walked towards our place we stepped over live wires and dead cattle. Slept at Saumier's place. The very next morning I reported in Cobalt at the telegraph of fire.
I started with the actual TNNO in 1922 Oct. 5 we had to handle messages as far north as Englehart because all the wire was destroyed. Never
forget the piles of telegrams. Alvin Jardine and McClary who later because superintendent on the ONH helped us sort out and deliver messages. The press reporters were like flees sending out reports about the fire.
At that time we worked from 8 a.m. till 2 a.m. without stopping. A couple of months later they opened a station in the baggage car at Haileybury -they had the Ticket and telegraph office there, I worked there all winter. The snow would blow in under the door and stay there all day long. It was really the coldest place I ever worked in. We were paid $100 a month then, actually it was one of the better paying jobs in those days.
Things were really quiet around Haileybury then, people were building their homes - I know the house we live in today was built by my family in 1923. I worked part time in Cobalt then and worked on the books in Haileybury. In 1923 I started to shift around in order to stay on with
the railroad. I was told to bid on certain jobs. So first of all I went to Timmins for 3 years back to Cobalt for 3 years Florence Guertin was head operator then. Then the railroad opened a telegraph office, in the Haileybury Hotel where I was agent in 1935 after the hotel closed I went to Timmins for 3 months. Then Kirkland 3 years. Back to Haileybury 1938 at the station, then back to Timmins till 1944. I then came to New Liskeard where I stayed  until I retired Oct. 5,1962.
After 1955 they started putting in teletypes when the Morse wires went out. But I was still able to use my Morse wire till I retired. When I worked in Cobalt I took the street car to work. I would watch for them to go down town. They would cross at the Vendome Hotel then he backed up in 5 minutes. We bought tickets, which averaged out to .05 a ride. I really enjoyed my days in the telegraph office; there was never a dull moment. Agnes and her sister Vi who worked for Todd's Insurance for 30 years still live in the Homestead at Haileybury. They were both never married and had looked after their mother until she died about 5 years ago.



Name of Interview: Lucy Damiani Date of Interview: Mar. 3, 1972

 Time 6:45 to 8:00

1. Giuseppe Elio (Chilttarone)  Tittonel, Joseph
2. Joe
3. Anna Simoni (wife)
4. 203 Lang St.
5. 679-5726
6. 40 yrs. old
7. Piene di Salego
8. Piene di Salego
9. Italy
10. May 1952
11. By boat to Halifax train by way of Montreal and North Bay
12. By way of Montreal and North Bay
13. came alone married in 1955
14. miner at Cobalt Lode mine
15. Housewife
16. Jack Koza Ltd
17. housewife
18. I found Cobalt a nice little town about the size of the one I had left in Italy I only found it more hilly and certainly lots of rocks and bush, which we didn't have too much of back home.
19. Quite active little town. All the mines were still working
20. To work in the mines. In Italy everyone filled me with apprehension working in the mines in Canada was difficult and dangerous but after I had been on the job a month I adjusted quickly in a few months I operated a machine and soon after I became one of the two bonus makers, in a work hard to be a bonus maker.
21. mines, foundry, the Smelter, T.T. Laboratory, Northern metal Co. and Jack Koza Ltd.
22. Day and night shift. 8 hrs. a day six day wk.
23. I started as a laborer .90 an hr. later as machine man $1.10 hr. in a year I was up to $1.25 an hr.
24. A two storey home which I remember living quarters downstairs and rented the upstairs in the last few yrs. I have completely remodeled and taken it over for myself started with a new foundation central heating, 3 bedrooms kitchen, living room, dining area laundry room, and two bathrooms.
25. When I first came I lived with my Aunt and Uncle for 3 yrs. the first Christmas we had a party with some Italian friends who had come over here to work in the mine also, we had a sing song. I'll always remember she made popcorn we had fruit cake and my Uncle served wine. We all enjoyed it very much and it was so nice of my Aunt and  Uncle to do this as for most of us it was our first Christmas away from home.
26. We have always had hot and cold water system
27. Electricity for lighting cooking with all the conveniences washer, dryer, T.V. toaster iron mix raster
28. Electricity for cooking
29. Central heating system now wood stove and oil space heater years ago
30, Buckovetsky’s, TBS, Charlie Hutt’s Clothing Aimones pool room and tobacco, Purdy’s .05  and .10 , to
Tom Black an eccentric hardware merchant who was quite a legend, Damiani’s Grocery, Charbonneau Jewelry and many others
31. Theatre, lots of house parties the Italians were always asking us to their homes, I can remember lots of fun dances at the Finnish Hall where the young and old both went. Sometimes we went to Kirkland in bus loads or carloads for the Italian Dances at Belvedere Hall. Mr., Giachino used to go around to the different houses showing slides.
32. When I came we formed a soccer Club in the Tri Town area "Cohalis" the first two words from Cobalt, Haileybury Liskeard, Sometimes on Sunday a group of us would go down to Loon Lake and play bocce all afternoon.
33. Went to school in Italy and when I came to Cobalt my wife and I both started to English Classes at night at Cobalt High
34. Up to Grade 10, also took elementary carpentry
35. Air travel, busses, trains, cars, bought a little Volkswagen, which I had 10 yrs.
36. Dr, Dunning
37. Only Misericordia Hospital in Haileybury
33. Sylvano first child and Dolores second child both born in Cobalt
39. Sylvano is 14 and still school age Dolores is 11. Won first prize in piano at Temiskaming Festival.
40. In school yet.
41. In drifts they had mucking machines, in sub drifts and shafts there was hand mucking
42. Every year we had hand steel, and hand mucking drilling contests. In 1953 I won a hand mucking contest at Buffalo Slimes
43, Took a lunch with a thermos of coffee
44. Always ate good solid meals, chicken roasts, stews, spaghetti, and it was at noon or supper depending what shift 1 was on
45. Mostly work clothes during the week, always shower every night before coming home, and changed with sports clothes
46. On Sundays the family and everybody dresses up
47. On Sunday was church first then would take turns at different homes getting together playing cards, and having a good sing song.
48. I have a coin collection which I treasure.
49. It’s a good friendly town to live in and bring up your children. I could have gotten a job in St. Catherine’s or Niagara when I was on holidays but we just couldn't leave Cobalt. It was our first and only town after coming here from Italy,
50, Because it’s nice to live in a town where everyone is so friendly, and the cost of Living is reasonable we feel safer bringing up our children, there doesn't seem to be as much drink and drugs as some places.
51. Renovated some of the old buildings, tore down some of the shacks, are building up the down town area nice parks.
52. I like all the changes think it has given Cobalt a definite lift
53. Yes, some of the snow removal
54. With the no parking signs I have no place left to park unless they do a better job of snow removal on back streets so I can at least park, my car there while they are cleaning front streets
55. Yes
56. We should have more one way streets, and we should have our streets and houses named and numbered. There isn't a street sign up anywhere
57. Summer it’s the nicest time of the year. Our winters are too long
58. Like carpentry work
60, Industry of some kind, mining is too uncertain and it will help to keep people employed when the mines aren't working
61, I don't think tourist dollars help much, nowadays the average tourist brings with him, his food, camping gear, gas, boat, you name it they have it, so they don't spend much here.
62. We should try to organize some ways or something for the town, the Cobalt people are better spenders than strangers and we would help the town with any scheme.
I adjusted easily to Canadian way of living in a small town and I was never lonesome in Cobalt thanks to the friendly atmosphere here. I wanted to learn the English languish and when I did I applied and was accepted for citizenship you won't know what it means to live in a good country, some of us are apt to take it all for granted.
I went to Denison Mine to work for 5 or 6 months and one week end when I came home Jake Koza offered me a job that was all I needed to get back here.
My home is very good
We badly need a drug store, shoe stores, children’s clothing, a Doctor, a Dentist, and maybe to come in. We are in a good spot for store with the large area surrounding us.

1. Albert Chitaroni
2. Chic
4. 19 Prospect Ave. Cobalt
5. 679-5946
6. 45 years old
7. Cobalt
8. Italy
9. Pesaro:Italy
10. I was born here in 1926.
13. There were 6 of us. My dad came here in 1907. My mother came to Canada in 1925.
14. miner
15. stenographer, Bookkeeper
16. self employed leasing mine properties
17. housewife
18. All I can remember were the tough times. It was depression
21. Not too many mines working, bush work, little leasing and the foundry . Rene Conti worked at the foundry for .16 cents per hr.
22. 8 hours a day at .80 cents per hour 24. The house is still there on 154 Earl St., 2 story frame house
26. We had water in the house. My dad helped lay the water lines and sewers in Cobalt. They started in the winter of 1907. It was hard work then blasting rock and trying to get the lines laid
27. yes
28. Wood stove, burnt wood
29. round Quebec heater in winter
30. There had been and were lots on Lang St. They were starting to close then. The main ones I remember was Buckovetsky’s and Giachino's
31. Bijou on Lang St. 2 theatres one at the right of way bridge.
32. hockey, ball, open air rinks at the schools for hockey
35. We walked most of the time. I remember trains and going to the station to watch the trains come in and faintly remember the street cars.
36. Dr.Case
37. I had my tonsils out in the old mines hospital
-38. New Liskeard Hospital
43. I remember my dad's lunch pail and waiting for him to come home. He'd always leave me an apple or sandwich
44. Italian foods
45. We didn't have too many changes. We had to take our school clothes off when we came home and put our old ones on to save the new clothes and we'd outgrow them before they wore out,
46. Best clothes always wore wool sweaters as a jacket.
47.church
48. school picture and a hand woven serviette of my grandmothers
49. Like it, its home
50. spent all my life here
51. All the cleanup work that has been done downtown
52. All the business leaving towns. The ONR long distance, closing the station and freight shed, Northern Telephone all going to New Liskeard with the hydro office, TBS closing Bucks, Dominion Store burning down, never rebuilt. Mines closing. Don't like all these payrolls leaving town.
53. I like Cobalt
55. yes
56. the government now taxing mine mills not operating. The mining companies can't afford to pay the taxes on dormant buildings on their properties. They are now starting to tear down the offices and other buildings on the mine properties to avoid this tax that is too high with no money in the treasury. I would like to see the government lift this tax. To leave the mine buildings sitting there for future use
57. Like the year around
58. sports, B.S. at the Boston
59. Rock collecting, working at our camp at Portage Bay and fishing
60. I think the government should give the mines of Cobalt, a cobalt contract to stock pile Cobalt for the government to stock pile for future use. This would and should employ approximately 300 men. In the early 50's, the government gave Silver Miller and Cobalt Consolidated mines Cobalt contracts for 5,000,000,00 lbs. of Cobalt. There is no reason why they can't do that again. The companies didn't make any money out of it. but it did employ men and we found silver.
61. Tourists. It’s just the last few years the town of Cobalt has been getting a mining grant, they should have been receiving this grant years earlier when the mines were all operating and receiving no grants.
62. Living history, museum, natural hills for unorganized sports. Good fresh water for drinking and swimming, we have nearly as much water with no pollution. Good beaches. Fishing, hunting, natural beauty that has never been touched by man.


Carmen Stubinski April 20, 1972
2 hours
1. Carol Chitaroni (Mrs. Albert)
3. Carol Bowes
4. 679-5946
5. 19 Prospect Ave.
6. 1936 - 36 yrs. old
7. New Liskeard
8. Mother Mrs. Erol Bowes was born in Elgin County. Dad came from Simcoe County they were married in Hamilton 1919. They came in a 1920 Model T. Ford to North Bay by train. The pavement ended at Aurora and the rest of the road was gravel to North Bay. They came from North Bay to New Liskeard by train May 4, 1923. Mom's brother was a baker Arthur Allemand he got a job as a baker in 1922 and he wanted dad to come. Black mulch was still burning from the 1922 re.
10. Was born in New Liskeard
13. There were 4 of us
14, miner
15. Stenographer and bookkeeper
16. Lease of mine properties
17. house wife
18. Got married in 1960. Our first home was at the Cobalt Refinery Townsite, I was glad we  were living at the Refinery
19. Provided we could find a decent place to live in. It was hard to find a decent house, to live in. The houses were mostly dumps we were lucky to get the house we did,
20. Worked for Ont. Hydro for years. In the Cobalt local office and over at the machine shop foundry across the lake.
24. 3 bedroom house at Gillies on the Montreal River renting with intention to buy it. J.J.Gray changed his mind and wouldn't sell. There was a court battle over the case deal. The rent we paid was to have been the down payment, we lost the court case.
25. We had water in the house. The water system was connected by hoses outside.
30. Pretty good. We had TBS, Dominion store
31. Sports - made our own firm fun. We had a dance club.
32. figure skating,
33. New Liskeard public and high school. Took Commercial
34. 13 years
35. Buses and cars
36. The Dr's McCullough’s
37. None
38. New Liskeard hospital
39. Slacks, always well dressed, and hand remade and hand me downs from my sister. Mother did all our sewing
46. Sunday best
47. Church first, Sunday school, picnics at New Liskeard. beach, go driving in car sight seeing
48. Like living here better than New Liskeard
49. Festival certificates for singing and pictures
51. Like the town being spruced up. Old buildings not in use torn down, New  Park on the corner. Recreation program the way it was presented
52. Not pleased with the lack of businesses. In raising a family here there are no job opportunities for young people. I don't like the payrolls that
have been taken out of town. Don't like the lack of interest by the government. The government always talks big when opportunity is presented when it comes down to brass tacks it goes to New Liskeard or elsewhere.
53. No.
55. Yes
56. More employment opportunities for example secondary industry more encouragement for mining Industry, Road in area should be kept in good repairs.
57. All year round
58. sports
59. Raising my family, sewing, knitting, shell work, photography’s
60. more job opportunities, more jobs made
62. Talented people with handicrafts could be played up. Cobalt’s hospitality,  History living museum, natural hills for unorganized sports. Good fresh water and beaches, hunting and fishing.


Name of Interviewer: Lucy Damiani Date of Interview: March 22, 1972
Interview: 7:00 to 8:30
1. Joseph Chitaroni
2. Pep
3. 1 Frasken Street
4. Georgette Campeau (wife)
5. 679-8532
6. Pesaro Prov, of Ancona Italy
7. Pesaro Prov, of Ancona Italy
8. Wife and six children 2 boys 4 girls
9. Boris in 1916-----55 yrs, old
10, Came of Cobalt in Nov. 1924
11, By steamer Azonia it was a long rough voyage that took 2 weeks
12, Halifax and Montreal
13. My mother, Carlo, Elio (my brothers) and myself, we came to join our Father who was already here.
14, About 7 yrs, of age when I started working on the Canipto road from highway 11 to Canipto Mine, that was in 1932 for $140 a day, we were lucky this was the depression 30's and some of the fellows were working at the airport for .20 cents a day and a package of tobacco.
15, My wife came from Haileybury and she worked at Local Long Distance telephone there.
16. unemployed
17. housewife
18. My impressions of Cobalt right now are not very encouraging if the price of silver doesn't go up there isn't much future for this town, it has always been known strictly, as a mining town. and as for a secondary industry, the government doesn't even help to keep some of the ones going that are about to close up. We have asked for intervention, just like we did when the Smelter was closing and it didn't help,
There are few job opportunities because mining is petering out and it cuts back on some of our local foundries right now. They are talking of closing the foundry too so where do we go for help now. We certainly can't expect our young people to stay and work here for about $2.00 an hour, when there isn't work for a family man.
It makes me quite angry to see the money that was and is being taken out of Cobalt and money of it left here to be put back into the town, We have had everything taken away from here and situated in Liskeard or other places for instance the Long
Distance telephone, our hydro office, freight and express offices have been moved, they are relocating the Customs office and soon it will be gone from here, our mail is delivered to New Liskeard then brought down to Cobalt.
My hopes and aspirations are to see the price of silver go up and have Cobalt, make a comeback. Better still if we can encourage people coming in will at least have enough employment to keep those who are in Cobalt here.
22. Working hours when I first started working in 1936 were 8 hours a day, 6 days a week and in 1950 they went to a 44 hour week, by 1962 it was the 40 hour week we now have
23. I started working at the Lake Shore gold mine in Kirkland Lake in 1936 because there were no available jobs here. My friend Real Mercier and I got the job by a chance meeting with John Conlin, who was superintendent of the Lake Shore at the Lake shore picnic at New Liskeard,
My friend and I had .60 cents each in our pocket and we hitched to Kirkland to see Conlin and try for a job. The first night we were there we slept under an old building and the next day we met another friend Ted Rosicki who wanted us to stay at his house.
After getting to Conlin at the Mine office and filling out our applications he told us to hand around he would try his best go get us on It was a long "hang around" nearly four weeks before we were hired and we were lucky—everyday there was a line up at the gate of about 200 men waiting for work.
In 1940 I came back to Cobalt and worked for the O'Brien Mine Leasers—these fellows were partners and had leased the O'Brien property the partners were Dune McLeod Lorne
Humphrey (who now is Managing Doherty Roadhouse Haileybury). I am Jackson and Carta Donegan, and I worked here until 1942 when I went into the army. Took my basic   training in Halifax for 4 months then was moved to Toronto, Hamilton, Niagara on the Lake and came home in Dec. 1945. I started working again at the Nerlip Mine for Mr. Pilner and our first pay cheque was 2 1/2 months coming in. You have to give Mr. Pilner our credit for always finding a promoter for his mine which he kept operating for 18 yrs. He was an Oxford graduate and he did a lot in his era for this town. He was of Negro descent and his favorite saying was, when I’m making money they call me Mister Pilner, when I'm not doing too well they call my Pilner, and when I haven't any money they call me a black bastard.
After the Nerlip closed down I started with consolidated Beaver, Cobalt Lake and Agnico Properties. I went to Brady Lake for Silver Miller in 1949 in the fall of 1950. I was transferred to the Larose, still for Silver Miller until 1959. At the Larose I was shift. boss at the time we were mining Cobalt ore oily. In August of 1957 there was a strike at Silver Miller which lasted 6 wks. So I was shifted to Lawson Prop. and the Conisel all Silver Miller properties until 1962. They slowly started closing up the properties so I was taken on at Silver Patricia as shift boss. This was the old Temiskaming Shaft. I was at Silver Summit when they put on this big walk for stock promotions and they built a head frame on a mill that was supposed to mill 300 ton and there was nothing there to mill. When this closed I went to High Ho Silver and they hit two big ore bodies in 1965. This find was bringing in 5000 ounces of silver to the ton. I worked here until the fall of 1970 when I started working with my brothers at Chitaroni mineral.
In early days we used to have lots of parties dances and good times, we used to walk down town gather at the Boston and meet the girls there, then we'd all go for a ride to Haileybury or Liskeard.
We always attended the Saturday night dances at the town Hall with the country Club orchestra blowing.
When I worked in Kirkland my friends and I would come down every Sat, night for the dance. We knew most of the boys in the orchestra, Eddie Assaf, Bob Baker, Freddie Johnson, Eddie Stewart, Moses Assaf and Ray Jabour,
I am in favour of organized sports and we certainly should have a recreation program it helps the youngsters and the adults. We have adequate facilities in a small, recreation centre and a large arena, also the Community Hall which could be utilized.
1 have a 22 rifle I purchased for $4 when I was 14, at Northern Canada Supply, Georgie, my wife, has an old antique wash basin in porcelain which my mother gave her.
When I was younger both sides of Lang Street were lined with stores, theatres, restaurants, ice cream parlors, ladies, men's wear, jewelry and hardware store, Woolworths bake shops, grocery stores, tailor shops, livery stables, drug store---we had many rooming h houses, hotels, candy stores, souvenir shops, plumbing and tinsmith shops, Chinese
laundries and many more shopping centres which are sadly lacking today. We badly need a drug store, shoe store, teen wear in girls and boys, a doctor, a dentist and perhaps a lawyer.
I built my first home in 1949 with the help of my relatives and friends, I am still adding finishing touches to a 5 room split level home.
I believe the towns administration is doing a good job and although the employment picture is not too bright new homes and buildings are going up in the downtown area we have the library, a new restaurant, a new Red and White supermarket a 10 unit motel and a new Chinese restaurant, the new sub division has encouraged many new home owners. The town has cleaned up some of the old buildings and added 2 parks, everyone seems to be taking more pride in their homes and premises.
The past that price of silver is so low and miners are closing means. I am now unemployed. I would like to see Cobalt go ahead my family and my home are here and I don't want to move away. We'll never find a friendlier spot.
This is the first time I have been on unemployment Benefits and I don't like it,
I would rather be working at one time when prices were lower it was easier to manage, but now with the high cost of living it’s hard to make ends meet. So I am hoping for the revival of Cobalt one way or another.


Carmen Stubinski February 18, 1972
2 hours.
1. Jack Church
2.
3.
4. 27 Grandview Ave.
5. 679-8238
6. 39
7. Cobalt, Ont.
8. Mother Cobalt, Father Calebogie, Ont.
9. Ottawa Valley
10. Cobalt.
11.
12.
13. four
14. Milkman
15. Stenographer
16. Technical Sales representative
17. Homemaker
18. The whole community is unique
19.
20.
21.
22. 8 hours.
23. $1.35 per hour 1952
24. Wood frame house, no foundation
25. No
26. Taps.
27. electricity
28. Wood stove
29. Quebec heater, wood and coal.
30. Grocery store, dry goods. The shopping centre more diversified
than it is now, more selection
31. Movies, dancing.
32. Skating, hockey, basketball, bowling, pool
33. Yes.
34. 13 years
35. Train, bus, car
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Can recall there was a miner's hospital, in front of Buffam's funeral home.
38. Haileybury
39. All in school.
40.
41. I can remember when my father worked for A.P. Pilliner who was manager and director of one of the mines at Mileage 104.
He worked and did not get paid until Mr. Pilliner who would go away and raise money elsewhere to keep the mines operating.
42.
43. Meat, potatoes, vegetables and always dessert.
44. Sunday was a special meal, we didn't eat in the kitchen always the dining room also was used with a white table cloth.
45.
46. Rubber boots, leather tops and rubber bottoms. Heavy long pants, shirt.
47. Put on best suit, shirt and tie.
48. Church and play ball on hockey.
49. A little plaster of Paris plaque. I won in a Sunday school Contest.
50. The unique flavour of a small town community
51. Easy to move around. Friendliness of knowing almost everyone in the community. The ease of life, the children to participate
in the community activities. Besides this comment I mean parents don't have accompany their children. They can do this
all on their own.
52. Improved recreation program, covered arena artificial ice. We didn't have when I was a child. Introduction of natural gas.
Sass Lake beach area, street lighting.
53. Yes.
54.
55.
56.
57. Progress for employment for the ones that want to remain here.
58. Summer.
59. Movies, little theatre, meetings.
60. Photography, woodwork.
61. Increase tourist trade, using the mining back ground for an
62.
63. Simple, carefree community life, mines, abundance of clear pollution free lakes. Breathe the good clean crisp air, no smog pollution. Points of interest that can keep visitors entertained.

HIGHLIGHTS

Mr. Church has been on the recreation committee 10 years. Coached a baseball team. 10 years ago, got lots from the children (response), but found there was the parental participation.




Name of Interviewer; Carmen Stubinski March 23, 1972
Interview: Time; 3 1/2 hrs.
1. Gordon Borrie
2. Beak
3.
4. 75 Silver St. Cobalt
5. 679-5528
6. 65
7. London England, my dad. came to Cobalt in 1906. Before that he was a gardener in Montreal. Before that he worked on the Railway. The old Grand trunk he worked as far as British Columbia that was when they were building the railway. Mother went back to, England to have me. We had a house on the Buffalo Mine property. The Buffalo mine property was one of the first mines in Cobalt to produce.
8. Mother England. Father Scotland
9, Montreal
10. Boat to Montreal train the rest of the way
13. There were 4 of us. Mon and Dad, Jim and I
14. delivering groceries on the delivery wagon for Jack Ough first. Then as miner and diamond drilling
15. Clerk
16. Retired partially
17. homemaker
18. Joined the air force 1941 to 1945. When we got off the train he met us. There were no sidewalks from the Buffalo to the station and the pushing was hard in the mud. there was so much of it,
19. Bush shafts shacks and rocks
20. My dad heard about the Cobalt boom in Montreal and came to Cobalt
21. Mining bootlegging boarding houses
22. Jack Ough 6 days al week and sturdy night till 12 p.m.
23. 15.00 per month (1921)
24. It was a two story frame house 2 rooms, upstairs, 2 rooms downstairs. My dad bought it from the Buffalo mine.
25. Always a Christmas tree with candle holders and real candles lit on it. Weld thread pink pop corn and put it on the tree along with tinsel, Xmas was a special occasion at our house. The dining room table set up with a white cloth the tea service, all the silver. Always a goose and plum pudding. The silver was also used on Sunday. The rest of the week we ate in the kitchen.
26. No, There was a well and pump the Buffalo mine owned and everyone on the townsite got their water there. Later the mine put up water. and supplied the houses.
27. Coal oil lamps
28. Wood range that had a reservoir on the side of it. We took the hot water out with a dipper,
29. Had a Quebec heater in the front room that we burned coal in.
30. Stores from one end of the town to the other. Swamp Street was real busy. Argentite Street as it is known today. There was corks bakery, Devlins Drug Store, Milton Cars office Rod and Deacon Shoe store, that was the main street then, the street car terminal was at the end of Swamp Street, and McKay had a livery stable. There was one show on that street. There was one show on Lang St. called the Orpheum.
Where the Stevens live today on Cobalt St. there was a poolroom Brewers owned. It’s the same Brewers ran the rink for roller skating and ice skating. At that time the rink was privately owned, Cliff Moore had a syndicate with several share holders who owned it. There was Reams bottom and Edward on Cobalt St. White had a clothing store in the Building that Paddy Basset owned. McKinnon bought the building after for offices.
31. Everything traveling shows use to come. They had the dumbbells here lots of shows. Live plays at the Opera House remember the plays at the Grand theatre on Silver St.
The first Y.M.C.A. was a small building where LeBlanc's service Station is today, all we seemed to do at that was read. Later they build the Y.M.C.A. across the street where the community hall is today. They had pool tables, bowling Alley, and Swimming pool at the back of the Community Hall where the town Gargle is today. I remember Charlie Ferris's brother getting drowned in that swimming pool. Jim Paneritus was with him at the time. They had a good gym there too; we played basket ball and badmington.
We had a good Tummies court at Sass Lake. Larry Stadelman was very active at the tennis court, The Cobalt tennis court was always in use. The Buffalo mine had a Tennis court,
32, Skating in the winter. In the winter they had sulky races on Cobalt Lake maybe 7 or 8 horses entered in the race. Skating on Cobalt Lake we always had a bonfire. At the arena we got season tickets and we could skate whenever we wanted to. There was lots of outdoor skating too.
We played ball in summer. The Buffalo Mine built their own boxed in toboggan slide. It came from the mine water tank ended up on says Lake. We also slid on all the rock piles to Galena St. We had good base ball teams. Haileybury, Cobalt and New Liskeard competed.
Silver Centre had a good base ball team too that use to compete here. The games were all at the Grand Stand ball park at West Cobalt.
33, The old Public School was built in 1907 on Grandview and Cobalt St. When I first started school there was no kindergarten in the big school. We used to line up in Public School yard march across Cobalt Street to the Baptist Church basement that is where they held our class. Later they build and addition to the Public School and we moved over there. The first original school was a red tin school next to Brewers pool room where Stevens Bottling works is today. I remember the west Cobalt school too.
34 Went to Haileybury High School. We didn't have one here had to go there
35. Horse, buggy, cutters, trains lots of them, street cars. We walked mostly in those days.
36, Dr. Schmidt
37, We had the Cobalt Hospital
38. Timmins at home
39. Finished High School at 16 yrs. old. Went into banking, Toronto Dominion Bank. He is still banking. He was manager for some time, now he is bank inspector in Montreal.
41. The mines were just starting operating on a small scale. Their first lamps were candles next Carbide lamps, till they got the battery lamps. At the Buffalo cooker, Mae Nathersons father was cook there, we hung around the cookery a lot. They gave us lots of raisin pie. Blueberry when the berries were in season. They had a cage at the townsite mine,
42. Hand steeling and mucking these contests were first held on the square in front of the Imperial Bank. Later when they built the ball park at West Cobalt. The held the events there,
43. Had a round granite lunch pail. Hat tea was put in the bottom of the pail. Lunch was put on top of tea. Tea was always cold no matter what; we always had homemade bread sandwiches.
41, depending on the shift Dinner was eaten mostly at noon. Meat potatoes, lots of pudding bread, custard, rice tapioca puddings mostly raisin pie,
45, Always had to go to Sunday school. We didn't do too much on Sunday because we couldn't even play cards on Sunday.
46, Clothes week day, our best clothes on Sunday.
47. In summer we'd go to Martineau Bay, in a horse and wagon to pick blue berries by the tubs full, they were very good in Martineau Bay; you could pick 2 - 12 qt. baskets a day, After mother preserved all the blue berries she needed over the winter we sold the rest,
They used to bring in box cars of fruit in the fall. They would sell the fruit right off the car at the station. Mr., Sheridan use to get the fruit in the fall. We'd buy peaches pears, plums, green to preserve and apples to store for the winter in barrels everything
was preserved. The walls in the pantry were all lined up with fruit jars, 100 lbs sugar
bag. If there was moose or deer mother would can the meat. Mom would buy pork and box cars at night.
48. Old wooden album, lots of old pictures
49. A peaceful quite place of live in
50. No rat race, no pollution
51, New Red and white store, abolishing of old shacks, cleaning up the town in General
52, Can't get a train out of town when you went one, No taxi's to meet the train. You used to be able to get 2 trains daily. North and south, now with the buses we don't even have a shelter; we are really in a depressed town right now. With all our pay rolls gone.
No drug store, no dentist. Get fed up on having to go out of town to shop all the time.
53. no
54. the taxes are getting higher with no benefits
55. yes
56. We need a boost in the price of silver to stimulate the economy of Cobalt to put it on its feet again. A light industry to employ §0 or 50 men.
57. summer and fall
58. T. V.
59, Read
60, Would like to see exploration on Virgin ground for new mines or the mines reopen. New jobs would be made it this was so; it takes a lot more money to operate a mine today. 2 or 3 light industries would have to be here to solve part of the unemployment problem. We just have to have new jobs for our men teenagers and people who need work
61. Tourists
62. Good lakes, Bass Lake good beaches, sightseeing, Bingo's new parks, Good fishing, and hunt¬ing.
This stone block house was my stepfathers Alf Williams he came to Cobalt in 1908. This house was built by Brown lived in it first Rogan lived here next then Alf, bought it and lived here till the day he died. He always had a beautiful flower garden. He bowled till the day he died suddenly With Dune McLeod, Harry miller, and Lorne Humphrey, Harry Miller and Alf were very good friends they played the stock market together.
The only brick house in Cobalt was built by Dr. McLaren on Nickel. St. Dr. Taylor lived in it next. O’Flaherty lives in today.
We had the Jitney service. The make of the car was called Stir. Scharf owned the Jitney service. It would start at the square and went to Haileybury and New Liskeard. Ray MacCauley drove the Jitney service. It would leave the square till the car was full and the fair was .25 cents.
On Cobalt Lake there were at least 4 motor boats. The mines, Nipissing„ McKinley-Darragh etc. owned their own boats. The mine boats used to take the men back and forth to work come to town for the mail or any hardware needed for the mines. Mondoux had a boat on the Lake.
A colorful figure in town was Casey Cobalt; the streets were always crowded at all times. If it were a Saturday night or a special event down town everything would stop and give
Casey Cobalt a clap, when he would step dance. He did it for year’s step dance on the square. The Elk Club owned their own building where Gordon Watts house is today. Mrs., Phil La Frange was the cook there for years. It was something like the Cobalt Mess. It closed down when she left. Evan Donaldson and his brother always stop to visit us, when they go through to Timmins. They were here last fall. Might get an interview there. Hudson Brown was here to visit us the first year they had the miner’s festival 2 yrs. ago.


Lucy Damiani May 15, 1972
6.30 to 8.00
1. Cyril Louis Bazinet
2. Alma Baker (wife)
3. 56 Nickle St. Cobalt, Ont.
4. 679-5504
6. Cobalt
7. Mother born in Vernon; Father born in Plantagenet
8. Married 11 children
9. 55 years old Born May 23,1917
10. I can't see where there can be too much done for Cobalt politically this area could be built into tourist attraction area. People who are responsible on making effort toward a personal gain any effort made toward any community effort should be applied for the good of the people in the community.
I do not favour regional school system primary motoring children not having facilities here in their own town 2. Busing kids involves bussing them to heavy populated schools which means they don't get the personal attention they do in small schools. For their own good there should be personal involvement. Centralized schools having more facilities primary thing is education not recreation.
As for a silver industry goes there is too much fluctuation in price of the metal when price is high we are fine but if controlled effort is lowering prices we are drastically affected. I've seen this happen on three separate occasions in my lifetime. A community of this nature should definitely have some secondary industry to take up the lapse in economy.
As soon as students graduate they have to leave the area because there are no job opportunities.
I graduated from Scollard Hall in June 1938 and in December of same year I started working at Morrissette Diamond Drilling in Haileybury as an accountant and I have been there ever since.
I married in 1944 and bought my first and only home at this address. the home I am now residing in. I bought it from Edward Assaf, who at the time was moving to London. I have completly renovated from basement to upstairs. A little at a time. We have new sidings new windows, new ecclectic furnace, completely renovated 10 rooms in house and a sun porch.
I was on school board as primary for 26 years, trustee, chairman, secretary treasurer then with High School Board until they regionalized.
I was with recreation committee for 28 years enjoyed my involvement in recreation very much. Coaching minor hockey and baseball and softball. I started a hardball team league and if you have an initial sport there is a sport  goods company in Toronto that supplied all the equipment needed for free. Jack Church worked with me we coached, managed and refereed all games. I really enjoyed the work.
In 1946 under the direction of Father Kavanagh a senior Cabogi Club (Catholic boys & girls) was formed. A junior club (Cabogi) had already been formed in 1940. This was a teen age project and when it passed out of existence the senior club was formed. One of its main functions was to give assistance to students for the Priesthood this group carried on activities in forms of plays, drives to raise funds, for entertainment , we can remember many happy wiener roasts, drama festivals sing songs stimulating discussions. I can remember a good membership Edna Maher, Charlie Landry, Sammy Sullivan, Eileen & Mike Wanamaker, John Damiani, Ann Cunningham,Hugh Moore, Kay Riley, Theresa & Lucy Damiani, John Devlin, Mr. Frilly, Ruth McCarty, Russ Bazinet, Phyllis & Ernie Scully, Denise Hooper, Ada Regimbal, Anita Brenman
Anita Doyle, Mary Kostuik, Betty Gillis, my wife Alma and I to name a few that were with the club throughout the 14 years in existence. In 1960 because the group consisted mostly of married couples the Cabogi made way for a new group
C.F.M. "Catholic Family Movement" I was also on Parochial Council while it lasted. I am a fourth degree Knights of Columbus. There are 34 members we have four meetings a year, Two here and two in Kirkland.
I organized Cancer Campaign for 3 years and had the town all drafted up streets, homes divided and it was well organized then I gave it up and Mrs. Bob Burns took it over.
When I was younger for about ? years in a row recruiting members for week end retreats. never missed one and I found these very rewarding. Father Cavanaugh at the time. Father Scully was in Noranda and he was in charge of English Sector and he asked me as a member of Knights of Columbus if I would take on the project, so we took it on as a Tri Town effort. There was an average 28 people going. Mr. Boulet was organizer from New Liskeard.
Raising 11 children has given us happy years some disappointing but our happy years and good life made up for these. We had to have orders and we stuck to them.
We do have facilities and surroundings for drawing tourists Festival once a year and many people have gone through our museum; it took a festival to get some of the Cobalt people out too. We have mine tours, parks historic spots a theatre bowling alley Laundromat some souvenirs shops a tavern 2 motels a tremendous book store down the highway. And I think this new park project on the lake will be a wonderful thing when it’s completed.
My involvement got too heavy and for personal reasons I pulled out of everything I have dropped my share in Cobalt Assets. It’s been a lot of work we had houses but we've sold them. We have kept the theatre going under adverse conditions and we have a nice Laundromat to service people of this area.
I was born here and have lived here all my life and I plan to stay on in Cobalt. I like the pace and I like the people. Planning to retire in five
years if all goes well and would like something to take up my time then, besides fishing and music.
My favourite pastime is playing guitar. I get much enjoyment out of
my records. I can fish and I am an avid hockey fan, follow the series very closely.
Going into a new line so to speak. Personal recreation, going back to piano and Donkey music from the swing era, leave some terrific Mills Brothers records. Only difference the changes in Cobalt have made is the appearance of the Town has picked up. We do need more stores men & boys wear most us don't have a car we don't miss a drug store because these commodities are available at most super markets.
In closing I’d like to say that Cobalt is a good town to live in and I'm happy to have been an active part of it. I hope we can foresee a future
in it in some new developments.

Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski Dated Feb.29, 1972
Interview: Length of Interview: 1 hr.
1. Alson Coe (Mrs. Alex)
2. Al
3. Alson Beeson
4. 49 1/2 Cobalt Street, Cobalt
5. 679-5594
6. 37
7. Cobalt,
8. Mother, Buckingham Que. Dad, Liverpool Eng.
9. Married in Cobalt
10. 1934
11.
12.
13. 7
14. truck driver
15. telephone operator
16. dead
17. homemaker
18.
19.
20. born here
21. when I first started to work there was lots of work in town
22. split shifts,
23. 320. per week
24. Little log cabin--it still stands at the end of Jamieson Street
25. With the family
26. in house
27. Hydro
28. Wood stove
29. Coal heater in front room
30. Souvenir shop was here. Smith men's shop and Smith Ladies shop. gift shop, Sirola record Shop
31. Dances shows
32. Slide down hills in Bob Sleighs
33. Cobalt Public and High School
34. 10 yrs.
35. bus, train, cars
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Miners Hospital Peter's
38. Haileybury
39. still going to school
40.
41
42.
43. Lunch Box at noon
44. Big meal at night
45. jeans
46. dress
47. Sunday School
48. Medallions of the 50 anniversary of Cobalt, picture of the old Anglican Church
49. everything
50. Wouldn't leave Cobalt. The people are very friendly
51. Roads, sidewalks, General repairs in old building makes the town look mice
52.
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. more Doctors, dentists, drug store so we don't have to go out of town
57. all seasons
58. Like the Cobalt miners Festival--Watch T.V. read, and what the town has in the line of entertainment
59. cross words, jig saws, read
60. Reopen the mines, smelter and some of the mills
61. All kinds of people
62. Friendship Hospitality, beaches are very good, good roads, fishing, and hunting sports. Recreation program is good. Old Landry, mine tours, museum and Beautiful scenery

Mrs. Coe is a recent widow--Does not go out very much and is not active in Community affairs.


Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: March 15/72.
Interview: Time 3 hrs.
1. Laura Cole Mrs., Walter
2, Shorty
3, Laura Ferris
4. 66 Baker Street Cobalt
5. 679-8139
6. 46
7. Cobalt
8. Sheba, Syria
9. Syria my parents came through Cobalt in 1911 they went through to Timmins and saw Timmins when there was only 6 shacks there
10. 1925
11.
12.
13. 5 of us
14. farmer
15. Worked in the store, my mothers, pop factory. Gamble Robinsons and sold tickets at the Classic theatre at nights 4 jobs at once.
16, Jack of all trades, Walter lost his leg in the Second World War
17. Housewife
18. When I was a child it was depression years. An at that time there were 35 Syrian families living in Cobalt, now there are only 2 Syrian families
19. Walter was overseas from 1942 to 1945. He belonged to the Calgary Tanks. He was all over continental Europe, North Africa, Italy, France, Holland Belgium and England. He lost his leg outside of Belgium. He got his training in Canada and England. They were sitting around an open fire eating their dinner when a bomb dropped and he lost his left leg. Then had to come home in 1945. When he got off the train in Toronto on a stretcher to go to the hospital, the first guy he saw was his brother Hector. His brother Hector broke ranks threw down his gun took hold of the stretcher and helped carry him to where the stretchers were waiting to be taken by ambulance to Christie Military Hospital. Walter says it was so good to see Cobalt and all his friends again.
19. It was home
20.
21. There were lots of mines working in Cobalt Chemicals, The splint factory 10 or 12 hrs. a day
23. $90 a month at Gambles $8.00 per week at the Classic at the store for nothing. It paid for my room and board
24. Lived in a bungalow on Silver Street
25. Down at Walters mothers in Gillies
26. taps
27. hydro
28. Oil stove to cook on and I hated it. It took so long to cook a meal
29. Oil we burnt 45 gals. a wk. It was so cold in that house. My husband got Pneumonia in that house. Between the cold and delivering Christmas cheer parcels for the Canadian Legion
30, Bucks, T.B.S., Cain's, Dominion store, Woolworths, Cora’s Gift Shop. Minerva Sweets, Damiani's, Conter's, Chinese Laundry, Millers Shoe Repair, Vellis, She's, Drug Store, Costello's Drug, Doug's Barber Shop, Steve's steam Bath. Old Tommy Blacks, Oblin Coffin Mfg. Boston Grill, Bata's shoe store, Curries' Store, Ansara had a repair shop and did leather work. Augers had a confectionery Store beside my mothers. Cobalt Taxi has been in business for over 30 yrs. Jack Mathews Garage. Zion’s had a clothing store. Bazata's had a clothing store on Lang St. Assaf had a business before Phil Calm took over that building. Assaf bought the Fraser Hotel from Mrs. Fraser when Mrs. Fraser died they waked her in the lobby of the Fraser house. Red Saddler had a barber shop on Prospect. There was Giachino's Grocery also sold tickets for air 'lights and overseas. Red McKivens, Lavery's, Gamble Robinson's, Larry Stadelman was a character in himself. Harry Ramey managed the customs office. Herbert Fuels, Stock exchange. Post office was in the Fraser House, later moved to the Inch Block where Florence’s ladies wear is today„ Later the Federal Government built the New Post office.
31. Country Club Orchestra, I was their mascot. There were all formal dances in those days everyone wore long dresses to the Easter, Christmas and New Year dances.
33. Public and High School
34. Grade 11, one year Special Commercial in North Bay Collegiate on Algonquin Ave.
35. Street cars, Horse and Buggy. Model A Ford, My sister owned an Auburn. It was owned by Larry Stadelman. It was a McLaughlin Brick. We used to Bob Sleigh from the top of the hill at the High School down to the Lake. There were no cars in winter. So it was free sailing. We had look outs at the Boston and Shaw's Drug Store for the sleigh riders,
36. Dr. Schmidt
37. Yes, It was just like a house I had my appendix out there
38. Haileybury Hospital
39. Still going
40. School, Michael does summer work he is second Lieutenant in the air reserves
41. Going strong. Very poor in safety equipment lots of accidents
L2. Same as they have today on the same lines more modern
43. lunch pail
44. heavy meals, meat beaus and stews
45. hand me downs, I was the youngest girl
46. Had one good dress
47. Anglican Church, Belonged to Y.P.O. went for walks we walked everywhere
48. Walters war pictures
49. It’s quiet I wouldn't want to live in any other place
50. I’m a Cobalter. I love it. It'd fight for it, Wouldn't want to die anywhere else
51. Parts they made, Fixing up old houses. The real asset is the mining museum, Restoration of Cobalt Lake
52. No work for young people. No recreation program for teenagers. They are hanging around down town when they could be useful. All the businesses they took to New Liskeard. We lost several large payrolls
53. No
54. I like it
55. Yes.
56. More employment for men that have families. Work for teenagers in the summer to keep busy 2 or 3 light industries. If the mines were producing or reopened with aid from the government, the price of silver has to go up. We could produce our own raw materials for export. A steady payroll coming into town, to employ anyone that wants to work.
57. summer
58. Bingo's
59. Writing would like to write a book someday, reading I have 5 different positions in the Canadian Legion. Love the Legion work
60. Get the Provincial and Federal Government to put a subsidy on mining to get the mines reopened and working again
61. old prospectors, old timers, tourists,
62. Museum, Drummond Cairn, Old shacks on Park St. on stilts. Mining Tours. Open cuts can always get ice there in the summer, our mining School the best in the World. Rock collecting. New Dam at lower notch operating by remote control from New Liskeard Good picnic areas, Good swimming Freedom of the North. Country for top fishing and hunting

Laura Cole has had lots of sickness but is very active in the Canadian Legion. Walter has lots of trouble with his leg that is cut off. With all their sickness, they are a cheerful couple.


Lucy Damiani March 24, 1972
1:30 - 3:30
Ernest Conti - Mary Conti
2, Mary Zanin
3. 170 Earl Street
4. 379-5535
5. Retired miner - retired housewife
6. Ernest born in Sacterano Province of Pavia, Italy. Mary born in Creighton Mines
7. Ernest's mother and father born in Italy. Mary's mother and father born Italy 3. Married in 1936 and had 3 children - 2 girls, 1 boy. Louis is 3.5 years old, married and living in North Day, Angela 31 married and living in North Bay, Norina is married and living in New Liskeard.
9. Mary is 62 years old and Ernest is 67 years old.
10.I find Cobalt is an average town whose population has been affected by the economy of the country today. There are many places where unemployment is high and of course we would rather see it busy with the mines operating and people working. Our educational system makes us realize that we are the forgotten north - the ministers and cabinet at Queens Park have not the slightest idea how sparsely the north is and so there is no practibility in regional schools and regional government. We heard Grade 13 will be closing at High School and here they are busing students from Temagami and Latchford to New Liskeard rather than have them come to Cobalt. Some of the lower grades are going to school in Haileybury and we already have 3 lower schools in Cobalt All this doesn't seem feasible is there a solution? University education is important but could we not locate a technical school where students and adults could learn a trade. To boost our economic situation we definitely need government help there are  any grants available now for education small enterprise etc, could we not apply for some of the grants.  Here are some suggestions as to how the monies could be used.
a) Jobs for younger people through job training programs Or summer courses, we have the buildings that could be ;utilized perhaps at a low rental cost for these courses, b) Encourage art colonies music, the arts, dancing, adult education courses and similar activities.
c) The town could rent schools, halls to these people and also low cost billeting, to bring in students and people and get a government grant for this purpose.
d) We need secondary industry other than mining, induce small business ventures to locate here - our smelter has closed down - could this not be used of course as a smelter or small factory.
Small contracts should be up for public tender so local labour has an opportunity to bid. This in turn would create local jobs.
I think a recreation program and organized sports are very important and neces¬sary to both young and adults, in the town. The past program was very helpful  I took the pottery class and enjoyed it very much. I worked in Ignace Québec part time in 1932 during the depression. My brother was already in Cobalt and told me there might be a job if I came so I arrived in Cobalt hoping to find work. It was a year before T was able to get part-time employment at the mining Corporation. And a year later I got a job at-the Ashley landing in Matachewan. I was there for five years and T came back to Cobalt to be married returned to Matachewan with my wife and stayed on for five years, we were completely burnt out when the apartment house we were living in burned down. There was no fire protection so we had no insurance so we came back to Cobalt. T worked for about 2 years for hr. Pilner at the Nerlip mine then briefly for Cobalt Products and the McDonough brothers. I worked at Zanin bakery as assistant baker for 3 yrs, diming the war. In 1953 I went to Silver miller and when it closed down I went to work for Agnico until I retired. Carlo Chitaroni was my captain.
Mary - I can remember as a young girl my father had a grocery store with a bar and a bake shop at the back of the Ate . The bar had a long counter with brass rails and spittoons on the floor. He served mostly draft beer pumped up from kegs in the cellar for two years he operated the bar. In those days there were no bread wrapping machines so Dad had a stool for me, I was small, only 10 or 11 yrs. old. I used to sit on the stool and wrap bread. I also worked hard in the grocery store. When the store was open I used to see my girlfriends going to the show or going out to play while I had to work. But I made up for it on Sundays when the store was closed. I was out playing red light. light, hide and seek or kick the can “with the gang. I can remember going to St. Hillarion French School across the bridge and when teams of horses would go by we'd jump on and hitch a ride. I also went to St. Pat's school but just the lower grades as I stayed at home and worked. When we were having fun it was hikes in the bush, swimming at Peterson Lake skating at the open air French rink “in later years, Italian dances, picnics, lots of hills for skiing too.
Ernie - When I was young I used to play soccer, but there never was a team over here nowadays we belong to the Caboto Club, play cribbage, and watch TV. I took pottery classes. I would like very much to see language classes to further my Italian and French.
I bought the house I own now in 1941 a large two storey frame home that has 2 bedrooms upstairs and kitchen, dining room and bathroom downstairs. I remodeled it quite a few times until now it’s a very comfortable home.
When you have a fire you lose all your prized possessions and this is what happened to ours.
We think our Mayor and council are doing a very good job of running the town. Taxes are fairly reasonable in comparison to other municipalities. The rates are fairly low, and we have a good garbage removal, an excellent snow removal. Other larger localities can't boast these services. We would like to see a registered nurse on call since there is only one doctor. He is very hard to see and does not make house calls. For a town this size there should be some facility for medical attention. You can't always go to the hospital its five miles away and some of the old are too sick to be moved.
There could be street signs. with numbers on houses. You can't direct a stranger to a place as there are no street signs or numbers, The two parks that the town has Vat up certainly improves the appearance of two bad corners.
They have also cleaned up and modernized some of the old buildings down town, we have a nice new library, new restaurant, and there is a new Motel unit and we now have a big supermarket Tressiders Red & White and it’s a pleasure for shopping
These should also be a dentist and a drug store these are most needed. If you don't have a car it’s quite a bothersome going to Haileybury to a dentist and to the drugstore. It’s a good thing to see the park on the lake project Loins ahead. The will rave a place to play. Also should be a supervised playground for the youngsters.
This is a natural spot for artist’s rock hounds and just visiting tourists.
We have to offer in the way of good beaches, plenty of lakes for fishing
hunting for a small and big game, mining museum, old historic sites and of course our mines could be used for interesting mine tours. Speaking of tourists and visitors we have often had people come up on our street to the end of the road and the road is so narrow many of thoem are afraid to turn around. I have quite often gone out and talked them into going ahead they will make it. We have
a dangerous spot up here if council could see anyway of widening the road it would help the situation.
I am a retired miner and I would like to see a pension for miners. It’s tough hard work and some of us give the best years of our lives in these mines. It doesn't seem right that there is no retirement plans other than government pension
This is a good. town to live in people are friendly and you can always count on your neighbour for help. This is something you don't find too much nowadays. We should if we have to get together and help keep our town going. We should be called on for help if municipal heads feel this is necessary.

Lucy Damiani April 3, 1972
7:45 - 9:00
John Conti
2. "Toni"
3. 202 Lang St.
4. 679-5928
5. mill operator
6. Born in Ignace Ontario
7. Mother and Father born in Italy
8. Married and I have a 2 year old daughter
9. 44 years old
10. My impression is that we are going through a slow period. But it will pick up. Right now there are rumors of some of the mines opening up again. The Smelter is going to open also. So the economy of the town looks better. I must say our winter works projects have helped to keep people occupied. Although I would have liked to have seen it put to better use. I am in favour of regional school system. It offers a better opportunity for the students nowadays and I also think the provincial grants for students offer a tremendous opportunity for those who have more technical schools for trades these would be popular
here. Everywhere they are crying for trained technicians. Also manpower program courses that are available to all are very helpful and you get paid while on course so a family man can take it too. A few years ago we didn't have this. These courses give a person more perspective and initiative there are also more opportunities for adult education. I think miner’s wages should be brought up
to the level of work they are doing. It is hard dangerous work and they are not by standards being paid enough, in comparison to other work and other towns. Cost of living has gone up tremendously and it’s hard to make ends meet. There should be private enterprise and small businesses as there is too much takeover by the big companies corner stores still flourish and so do small businesses. They should be encouraged. If individuals have money to invest it should be invested in small industry to create more jobs. We should definitely have organized sport and a recreation program with a good director it’s important to keep our young people occupied and active. We have many facilities large skating rink, community hall, these could all be used. I'm sure many of the schools would be willing to let their gyms be used for recreation and games. I can't think of any changes that should be made but we could have a ball park there hasn't been one for years except Bass Lake and this is far to go. A Senior citizens home is a necessity so many of the older people are
living out a meager existence because of high rent, high food costs. We do need a drug store as it is very inconvenient to go to Haileybury for a prescription. e town is doing a good job of municipal government and it’s nice to see the new parks, the town has cleaned up all the old buildings and they are renovating the downtown area. It certainly has improved the appearance of the town. When I was younger we made our own fun, played games, some of the boys got together and we butt a Ferris wheel that worked like a real one on a
miniature scale. In winter we went skiing, sleigh riding, skating in the summer, hikes and swimming at Peterson Lake there was always a lot of the gang around to go out with and have fun. I think fun for the young people none has a different meaning. I asked to used to pile cords of wood to go to a show in the afternoon admission was 100 no allowance in those days. You worked for your money. We have picked berries in the summer to make money. I have always played a guitar and I like to sing, summer nights and Sundays sitting around with a group playing and singing. I cherish my guitar though I don't play it much anymore. I also have an old pair of skis and skates I used when I was a youngster. There is a lot of out of town shopping because we have very few shops or shopping centre left in town. There's 'room for clothing store boys, men, women, children, big hardware supplier, dentist, doctor, drug store and a large department store would do well. You have to be interested in a business to keep one going. The first place I worked was a splint factory in 1944 at .30 cents an hour worked a full two weeks, 2 days overtime and I ended up getting $28. for a pay cheque. I went to Hill Clark Francis in 1950 Wabi Iron Works, Cobalt Foundry for a few years, Silver Miller, old construction jobs and Glenn Lake LaRose Mill, Harry Bambrick was my boss, then and he was a terrific boss and a super mill man really knew his work. In the earlier days there were certainly more stores than now. Giachino’s, Damiani's, Rava's, Malouin Grocery stores, McEwen’s, TBS, Cherry's Clothing, Bucks, Boston Grill, Minerva Restaurant, Chinese restaurant, Cain’s furniture, Rowdon’s, Blacks, Hardware, Lemon's grocery. It was a sad period when our business places closed up one by one. I am living in a large 3 room apartment and may buy a house later. I am back to work at Silver Shield and I hope to see more mines opening up and the economy of Cobalt prosper. I've always lived here and I like the atmosphere and the people are friendly my dreams are to see Cobalt boom again and grow and prosper. We should encourage tourist trade they find it interesting to come north but we will have to work on something to keep them here or they go further north. We should have more trailer parks and camping grounds; make our mine tours more interesting, keep our festival going every summer. Offer more site tours to Drummond Cairn, Old Mission, air plant at Ragged Chutes, new hydro project at Lower Notch, we already have the nicest lakes around for fishing hunting spots, beaches for swimming, all these are easily accessible.
There should be a subsidy for silver mining some of the mines could put through a lower grade ore and make it pay. We should be able to get grants and subsidies, this would create more activity and the mines could operate profitably if subsidized. Secondary industry is a must we have lakes, timber spur lines all the available needs for small industry could lower freight rates to help out. I think this idea of Mayor Piche of Kapuskasing to have the North band together and take over the railroad reduce freight rates would automatically stimulate industry in the north. I would like to see the town pick up and have more businesses open establish a definite recreation program for young people.
There could be a technical school looted here. We have many schools with available space for summer courses without going out of town. They could induce students and adults to come for courses by advertising arrange a low cost rental apartment or billet services. This would all encourage them coming in so I hope the right sources do something about it. Let's keep the best old town on the map.


Carmen Stubinski March 6, 1972
1 hour
2. Roma Cooper (Mrs. Harry)
3. Roma Fildes
4. 95 Galena Street, Cobalt
5. 679-8150
6. 52.
7. Helen St., Cobalt at home
8. Mother Cornwall England, Father Liverpool, England. My dad came to Cobalt in 1903.
9. They were married in the Anglican Church in Cobalt 1916. Married by Cannon Simms.
10. 1919
11.
12.
13. 4 of us
14. He was delivery boy for Old Dick Fauteaux who had a grocery store. He died 2 years ago in Timmins.
15. Baby sitter
16. Has worked for the town of Cobalt for 30 years.
17. Housewife
18. Too young. My dad worked in the old miners hospital for a good 15 or 20 years
19.
20.
21. There wasn't much other than mining
22. Baby sitter
23. $2. per week.
24. The one 1 can remember living in was a log house on the Coniagias property. There were 4 rooms.
25. Very quiet, we got toys at Christmas but we never saw them the day after. My grandmother used to hide them. My mother died when I was 11 years old 1933. And grandma looked after us. When she died we found balls and things she had hidden on us in her trunk.
26. In house.
27. hydro
28. wood stove, cooked with wood
29. Wood and coal Quebec heater.
30. Old Ross store on the hill, Bucks, Ellis, Clothing store, Phil Cain furniture. Sullivan and Shillington on Lang St., Giachino’s, Old Belgium
tested eyes and sold glasses as well as a jewelers shop.
31. Girl Guides only, grandma was too strict wouldn't let me go anywhere.
32. Play ball in summer- slide down the hill on my coat in winter
33. Cobalt Public
34. 8 years
35. Street cars, trains
36. Dr. Schmidt
37. Alright as far as I know
38. At home on at Ruby Street.
39. June 17, Jim 17, Linda 16, John 15, Patsy 16, Barbara 18, Bruce still going to school.
40. Local jobs downtown.
41. It seemed to be booming everyone was working.
42.
43. lunch pails
44. dinner time, depended on which shift they were on
45. skirts, middies.
46. Good clothes to go to Sunday school. I would not wear the long black stockings every time they'd want me to wear them there'd be a fight. Every time we came home from Sunday School we had to change our clothes and put on our old ones so we wouldn't dirty our eIv0 clothes.
47. Not allowed to play. Had to go to church and Sunday school.
48. Still have my girl guide attendance record book dating Nov.1934
49. Was born here and am going to die here.
50. Everybody's friendly.
51. Arena, Bingo's, Better grocery store, good sidewalks, new motel
52. Yes. no clothing stores, no drug store,
53.
54.
55. Yes.
56. Would like to see more work for the men and young people-more places to spend their evenings instead of on the street.
57. winter
58. Bingo, play cards
59. Mining grandchildren.
60. Would like to see an industry come in. If the price of silver goes up. The mines would reopen and make more jobs. We could manufacture our own silver here. Make our own jewelry, or what is saleable to the public. Would like to see the smelter reopen.
62. Miner's Festival, mining museum Drummond Cairn, lots of lakes, fishing, hunting, good fresh air.

Highlights

Mrs. Cooper is a wonderful cook. Doesn't go out in the day time but goes out every night to the Bingo's.



Simone Bedard     April 3, 1972
1:20 - 3:45
1. Marie Ida Cote
3. Ida Carriere
4. 148 Earl St.
5. 679-8333
6. 76 years old
7. Masson Quebec
8. They were born somewhere around Masson Quebec
9. From Masson Quebec
10. We arrived in Cobalt in 1905. My dad had two sisters and two brothers who came shortly after we did.
11. We came by train
12. From Masson we went to Washburn Wisconsin, then to Sturgeon Falls where we left to come to Cobalt.
13. Mother, dad and 6 children.
14. My dad repaired machinery in a saw mill.
17a. The only memories I have is that my oldest brother Lucien went to war in 1914 and served for five years overseas.
18. My impressions of Cobalt were very good.
19. When I came here, Cobalt was very big.
20. I came to Cobalt with my family when I was eleven years old, dad came here to work at the mill, then we joined him about 5 or 6 months later.
21. There was the mines and saw mill.
22. The working hours in those days were around 10 hours a day.
24. My first home in Cobalt was a two apartment house owned by Mrs. Joe Harvey, we had a kitchen and a bedroom downstairs and two bedrooms upstairs. Our neighbours in the other apartment were Mr. Fortin and his family.
25. When we were young Christmas was quiet, and we celebrated on New Year's, this is when we'd get our presents and treats.
28. Wood stove
29. The wood stove served for cooking and for heating.
30. There were lots of stores on the main street but I can't remember any names.
31. We had about 5 or 6 shows I especially remember the Orpheum to often as it was too expensive, we'd go to the Bijou more because it was closer to home. There were dance halls, one in the center of town, one around where Bilodeau's store is today.
32. I didn't participate to any sports but I went to see the ball games.
33. I went to the school on this side of Larose bridge and after it burned in the Cobalt fire, then attended the new one on O'Brien property.
34. I started school when I was 6 years old, and I quit school when I was 14 years old.
35. We had streetcars and horses and buggies.
36. Dr. Taylor was our first doctor.
37. The hospital was on Silver St. next to where Buffam's Chapel is today
38. We never had any children but in 1939 my nephew's wife died a few days after giving birth to a baby girl and we adopted her.
39. She quit school when she was 14 years old
44. Fresh meat, potatoes, vegetables, milk and all kinds of dessert, mum liked to bake cakes, cookies & pies.
45. Cotton dresses, in those days we didn't wear slacks.
46. Sunday we'd wear suits or our nicest dresses
47. We'd go to church then we would go and pick blueberries in Gillies or we'd roller skate, in the winter it was tobogganing
48. No.
49-50. It's not like it used to be and it's queit.
53. I like Cobalt as it is.
54. The young generation would like to see more things to participate in.
57. I enjoy summer the most I can sit outside and just relax.
58. I go to the bingo and we play cards every Wednesday
59. I use to crochet and knit but I had to give it up.
60. We'd need progress of some kind; there are a lot of people without work.
62. Mining tours and the mining museum

Highlights
Cobalt's big fire burned both sides of Lang St. the fire had started at a Chinese Laundry around where Damiani's store is today. Monsignor Latulipe came from Haileybury and he's the one who stopped the fire. This was a miracle the fire had gone as far as where Mrs. Nixon lives today. During the war we bought a 100 lbs. bag of potatoes for $7.00 at the Haileybury market.


Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview; March 15
Interview: 2 hrs.

1. Linda Cote  Mrs. Danny
2, Linnie
3. Linda Burns
4. 66 Cobalt St. Cobalt
5. 679-8379
6. 32 yrs, old
7. Haileybury
8. Mother and came from Haileybury
9, Cobalt
10. Born here
11. Buses and Cars
12, Highway 11B
13. 3 of us there were 8 altogether
14. technician
15. telephone operator
16. Lab Head
17. stenographer
18. I can remember when my dad was in the army and we were rationed on sugar and butter had to use coupons
It was like Cobalt
19. I can remember the Horse stable across from Damiani's
20. No choice, I was born here mom and dad didn't consult me
21. corms candy store, all kinds
22. after school
23. don't think it averaged 250 per hour
24. Lived in an upstairs apartment over Cora's
25, We use to call on people in groups go to midnight mass and still call on friends. We had a good time
26, taps
27. Hydro
28. Electric
29. Hat air rads
30. Busy and lots of stores. Boston Grill, Stableman’s, Minerva Eaton’s. Mikes shoe repair. Barber shop. Chinaman's restaurant, Taxi Stand, Drug Store, T.B.S., Bucks, Fletchers Cain’s, Rowdon's. Hardware, Tommy Black can't forget him. Simpsons, old post office in the Inch Block, Fool Hall, Dominion Store, Woolworths, Smith's Men's Wear, Olives Ladies Wear, Gamble Robinson, Lowery's, We had lots of stores compared to now
31. We had no recreational director then. Made our own entertainment and there was lots to do.
32, Sleigh ride every day when we lived on the hill, skated, skied, play ball and swim in the summer. Pack a lunch and go on long hi1es,
33, St. Patrick's school attend high school in New Liskeard and Haileybury
34, 12 yrs.
35, bus, train, cars,
36. Dr, Dunning
37. no Haileybury Hospital
38. Haileybury Hospital
39. Still going to school
40. too young
41. I know the mines were going then; my grandpa was Captain on the meteor on Lake Temiskaming. There were 2 boats and the 2 Burns boys were the Captains on each boat
42.
43, Lunch Pail
44. Large Meal
45. jumpers, navy and blouses
46. Dresses always wore dresses, There was no such thing as slacks we were pants over our dresses sliding
47. Go to Church, Grandma's for dinner
48. pictures of grandma and family group
49. Its friendly
50. Go down town and everyone speaks to each other, you go down for 20 min. end up staying 2 hrs.
51, Cleaned up the town Old houses restored, Built New library, Shacks tore down
52. Don't like the stores closing no good shopping area 0.N.R, taken away from us,
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. More stores, more employment for people. Large pay rolls coming into Cobalt. Some light industry to make finished products supplied form the raw materials from this area, in the great clay belt of the north and heart of the mining area. Would like to see the restoration program go through
57. all seasons
58. Still skate, occasionally curl,  skidoo, play cards, make our own entertainment
59. Drama Club, Girl Guides, reading knitting, sewing embroidering. This is our third year for the Cobalt Silver Leaf Players. Last year I directed Come Blow your Horn. We have lots of fun together, It’s a fun group. We are working on Guest in the House now,
I have been a girl guide nearly all my life, first I was a brownie at 7 yrs. I’ve never been out of it; I led the Girl Guides in Haileybury for 3 yrs. I have been taking the girls from Temiskaming to camp for 4 yrs. Kirkland Lake, Englehart, New Liskeard, and Cobalt
Haileybury. One year I was helper for the Provincial Camp. Occasional helper in Cobalt the last 4 yrs. Got my campers badge 3 yrs. ago. Before the last three years I went to camp as a guide helper to Mrs. Giovenella. We have a beautiful camp on Gillies Lake
60. Have to have more Industry of some kind to give more work to the people
61. tourists
62. Museum, mining tours, Public Library, well equipped. Old mines, good sightseeing. Good beach at Bass Lake and area accommodations, Fishing, Hunting, Rocks for hunts. See artists all the time painting in the summer. It’s a unique setting


Linda Cote is very active in Community affairs. Ask her to do something and she's always ready to give a lending hand.

Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski March 29
Interview: 2 hrs.
1. John Cram
Cobalt Refinery Townsite
Cobalt
5. 509.-8169
6. 56
7. Swift Current Sask.
9. Father was born in Carlton place
Mother in St. Thomas
12. Came here from Debora where I was Manager of their smelter, which treated basically the ore that came from Cobalt.
Much for some 60 yrs.
Senator M. J. O'Brien who had mine interests here, didn't like to pay heavy treatment charges because of the arsenic and Cobalt Content.
A Danish engineer by the name of Kirk Guard who had been chief engineer of them then closed down of the Gold operation of Canadian Consolidated at DeLora was looking for something] to do with the plant. This plant had facilities for roasting arsenical ores and O'Brien
had money, ore and silver. A Dr. Kirkpatrick and Metallurgy at Queens had worked out a process to separate the Cobalt and Nickel and recover them as oxides. Got together and purchased the DeLora plant in 1907 carried on continuously with the ups and downs in 1961.
During their history they produced the first Cobalt metal (Commercial)
In 1907 they had no market for it; just in limited quantity 1912 stock piled Cobalt as oxide. 1912 Dr. Ralmus who was an inventor type. He and his wife were some of the original discover, developed Techni color for movies. They invented the Stellite Alloys with
were high temperature anxite abrasine which were hard. One of the basic major contents was Cobalt.
In the first Great War DeLora Stellite Alloys helped the western power war effort, considerable with Stellite cutting tools they were able to turn out shells at a much faster rate and DeLora Smelter and Refinery. O'Brien built a large plant in England to produce Stellite Alloys as a result, this helped the Cobalt camp absorb the production, in order to get the much needed Cobalt.
So that the operating became Cobalt plant primarily because of the world needs and as they were the only major producers of Cobalt.
Silver and arsenic became by products because they were in ore.
Arsenic was in high demand during world war one, as it was used in producing shrapnel shell and mines. The price of arsenic actually reached .60 cents  per lb.
When the war was over DeLora had a control of the world, Cobalt market one as necessary consequence they controlled the price. They had yearly contracts in the U.S.A. overseas at prices which they set at $4.00 per lb. approximately.
In 1923 the Belgium’s, who had been developing their copper, Cobalt mines in the Congo quietly approached most of the Cobalt consumers and under cut the price by more than $2.00 per lb.  This of course collapsed the DeLora operations to a great degree. Prior to this the price of silver collapsed. So did the Cobalt Camp. Films were found in the Halnor Mine office files. The chop that took the pictures made notes for everyone of them was named Mitchell. Mitchell’s initials can be found or had Thom Malcolm Slack. He is Porcupine area Manager for Noranda Mines. Noranda Mines in conjunction with Canadian Kodak have had this made into 35mm. One copy which has the notes with the slides edited by Mitchell’s daughter made into sound track, These pictures were taken by Mitchell 1906 to 1911. leaving Toronto coming north to Cobalt. North to Elk Lake, there was nothing at Elk Lake at the time on to the Porcupine, Timmins etc. Mitchell was involved in promoting and developing Cobalt. He became president to the Halnor Mine. This is a copy going to the Haileybury School of mines with no sound track.
Film can be had on loan from
Noranda Mines, 44 King St. East Toronto..
Attention Peter Riggan.
Vice President Public Relations


It is very good of this area, its factual pictures of this area. It clears up the Legion of the Fred LaRose and the fox, other than the fox the story is pretty realistic. We had them at the C.I.M. Cobalt Branch meeting last. Had hand written notes. It was good.


Carmen Stubinski May 6, 1972
3 hours
Alson Creighton
4. Princess Property, Cobalt
5. 679-8663
6. 71 years old
7. Victoria Mines (near Sudbury)
8. England
9. Mother and Dad were married in Sudbury 1900. Grandmother Creighton came to Canada 1860's. She lived in Pembroke them moved to the Sudbury district
10. In 1909 the year of the Lang St. fire we came to Cobalt. We moved into an apartment on Earl St. that hadn't burnt. J. M. Labelle bought the apartment house and made it into a one story house. By taking the roof off and lowering it. It is still on Earl St.
11. Came by train. Dad's brother was engineer on the TNO train that was laying the track (work train). He had an accident and broke his hip. Latchford was a large town long before Cobalt. Latchford was the 1st stop off place because the train didn't go any further and they were building the bridge at Latchford They used to Montreal River to go to Elk Lake and Gowganda. They had large Commercial boats. Portage Bay was a half way place and stop off to Elk Lake There was a large hotel there. When Harold Rowdon came to here he settled in Latchford. He was a clerk in a hardware store.
12. 3 girls’ mother and dad
14. We went to work at the Cobalt Post office. I became post mistress in 1948. I replaced Major Holland. The first post office was located between Mike Brosko's and the Inch building
15. The first postmaster was Lorne Presley
16. The second post master was Walter Benny.
He was a prospector in the early days. He went overseas and served in the First World War 1914-18. He was badly wounded in the war. He lost his eye and one leg. All his left side was injured. He retired in 1933. He died July 1948. Major Holland took over from him in 1933. He was noted for recitations and singing.
In Dec. 1971 Alson Creighton found a plaque discovered on Catherine St. Ottawa between Elgin and Metcalfe Streets. Inscribed -copied from picture- Major
Edward J.G. Holland, V.C. 1878-1948. Born in Ottawa Holland enlisted in 1899  in the let Canadian Mounted Rifles. He served in the Boer War and on November 7  was a member of a small rearguard detachment assigned to cover a withdrawal from Komati River. For his gallant action during this engagement Holland was awarded the Victoria Cross. His citation reads "Sergeant Holland did splendid  work with his cold (machine) gun, and kept the Boers off the two - 12 pounders by its fire at close range. When he saw the enemy were too near for him to escape with the Gun Carriage, as the horse was blown, he calmly lifted the gun off and galloped away with it under his arm. Erected by Archaeological and historic sites board. Department of Public Records and Archives of Ontario. The second Post Office Walter Benny Postmaster was in the Fraser hotel (where the ladies beverage room is today) Bricks for this building (Fraser Hotel) came from Latchford from a hotel that was torn down. Bricks for this building (Fraser House) came from Latchford from a hotel that was torn down.
17. Post office was where Florence's Ladies we are today. Mr. Holland was postmaster.  We moved to New Federal Building in 1955
Alson joined post office in 1920 became post mistress 1948 Retired 1965 . Liz Creighton started to work in the post office 1922. Became post mistress  1965 Retired Dec. 1968 . Peter Murray - postmaster took over 1968
18. It was a very rainy wet day when we arrived in Cobalt. I remember a butcher shop on Lang Street; the fresh meat was out in the open on a board held up by 2 wooden boxes. The meat was covered with flies I'll never forget it. We had lived the country before we came here. It was different. Lots of people, large crowds day and night.
19. It was built up - very high board sidewalks
20. Dad heard of the Cobalt boom. He worked at the Princess Mine as hoist man for years till it closed, then he went to the Buffalo to work
22. When I went to work at the post office the hours were from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. one hour for lunch - 6 days a week
23. At $40. per month
24. This is our original home. Dad built it in 1909. It had 5 small rooms, the same building changed-the roof and later built on a back kitchen.
26. One Earl St. we 4ought water at 250 per pail. When we moved here we had to walk 1/4 of a mile down the railroad track and get our water at a spring,
27. coal oil lamps
28. Wood stove - burnt wood. We had piles of it outside
29. Quebec heater burnt coal when it came in1in the heater
30. Lots of big shops. Rowdon, Deacon and another shoe store. Milton Carr dry goods store. Milton Carr had a cash trolley in his store. J.A.MacDougall Millinery in the old Stadelman block next to Milton Carr’s was the opera house. I remember the typhoid tents on the side of Lang Street bridge. There was a case of small  pox and they isolated them, only one family Halassex that had the small pox in a tent behind our house. The bell rang and rang the night of the Lang St. fire. They used tubs and tubs and pails of water, they soaked blankets, carpets, all clothing in the tubs of water, and several men were on the roofs re-soaking the blankets and rugs trying to save the houses.
"Major Holland used to always say, “the roads and railways followed the deer trails; when they opened up the north.
32. Pantomimes, travelling shows, dances once or twice a week at the town hall. Lots of house parties people were always entertaining. The people made their own fun. Always when a house was built before they partitioned their houses they had a square dance. R.V.Holmes was mail courier from the station to the post office with his horse and buggy 4 times a day. Once daily he would go to Giroux Lake post office. It was in a store at Giroux Lake. He kept saying to his horse Topsy damn you’re as contrary as a woman's hockey team." We had a wonderful woman's hockey team - here I played in school sports
33. Started school in the old public school that was built in 1907 and to the school in Haileybury as there was none here.
35. Street cars New Liskeard to Giroux Lake, the terminal at the foot of the Swamp Street later they followed the train track, when they added the stretch to Giroux Lake they would stop at the TNO station near the end of this station platform, to Giroux Lake it followed the track to the princess property to the McKinley Darragh on to Kerr Lake, it made the curve at the end of the lake Shanks ponies carried us when war were going to school we'd run like blazes to catch on and ride on Con Connelly’s sleigh
36. Dr. Hare vaccinated both Liz and I
37. Miner’s hospital, every man employed at the mines paid $1. per month to its support and $1, per month to support the doctors.
41. Lots of mines and mills running the noise from the stamp mills were terrible. W We couldn't sleep to well, but we missed it when we didn't hear it any more
42. July first and labour day they had big sports days at West Cobalt ball park. July 1st was the biggest day, they had hand drilling and mucking. They had big league ball games. One year each mine had a football team, hockey and baseball teams
43. They all had bunk houses and cook camps
45. Long underwear, heavy wool stockings in winter. In summer ran bare feet,
46.  cotton dresses, mother served and made all our clothes
47.. We went to St. James Anglican church 3 times a day
48. Girl Guide history, china etc.
49. It's home - the people
50. We like the way they have cleaned up the town .We don't like the businesses they have taken out of town, no drug store, no dentist, don't like the shopping area
55. yes
56. more jobs made for people willing to work and our young people
58. travel, curl
59. summer camp, gardening
60. small industries using our own raw materials
61. tourists
62. Cross country skiing, walking trails, mining tours, riding, going to beaches, mining museum, and biggest attraction. Good camping places, unique scenery, open cuts, untouched scenery.

Highlights

1. Alson Creighton joined girl guides in 1916 at the Chartered group. The first meeting was held in the Coniagas Mine he became leader for 1st camp 1926. Later Captain till 1948. Mrs. and Rev. Cannon Simms were at our first meeting they organized it, there were about 20 other girls at that first meeting. Rev Cannon Simms had organized boy scouts in Cobalt in 1915. The first girl guide meeting, the girls were all Anglicans. The following year we held our meetings in the four different church halls as each church had a company, Baptist, Methodist Anglican, and Presbyterian. Later we met in the old town hall which is now the TTL. Held our meetings in the old town hall till TTL took over then we moved to the YMCA which is now the community Hall.
Liza joined girl guides in 1916 was patrol leader-Rangers she stopped guiding. But she took the parades for Alson. Alson still belongs to the
local association. Liza does a lot of the baking for their events (local ass.) Our mother died in 1914, dad died 1920. Dr, Armstrong was mayor of Cobalt when they put the spur line into Silver Center.

Alison Creighton add to her  story
1. Alson took over girl guides from Mrs. J. Tommy who was Captain of the Girl Guides before her.
2. Alson can't forget all the respect and love the pupils of Cobalt High School had for their teacher. Mr. George L. Cassidy while he was teacher here, better known as Cass. Mr. G. Cassidy gave years of services and understanding If there was anything to be done at the school or in town, that he could do maybe paint a picture and confide in his pupils. He always gave a helping hand.
2. Riding by the Cobalt pump house and residence. I feel it sorely neglected. Can it not be painted and fixed up?
3. Mr. & Mrs. Creighton died at early age Alson and Liza raised and put their sister May (Hylands) through for a nurse. They were both mother and father to her, their youngest sister.

Joanna Stubinski April 4, 1972
   2 hours
1. Mr. Michael Cunningham
2. Mick
3.
4. Miller Ave
5. 679-5684
6. 83
7. Arnprior,Ont
8. Renfrew County
9. Ottawa family
10. Came to Cobalt in 1911
11. train
12. CPR to North Bay then TNNO to Cobalt
13. Came alone with 2 friends Jack Maher and Martin Kennedy. Martin Kennedy had been in Cobalt for a year went back to Arnprior and told
the boys about Cobalt and said they'd have no trouble getting a job in the mine. Mike and Jack knew nothing about mining by the way Jack
Maher was Mike brother in law
14.. Worked in the mines as mechanic
15. Wife worked in Haileybury for Adshead
16. Retired,
17. Retired
18. Found it very exciting
19. Very rough not used to seeing so many people about 30 mines in operation
20. Because Martin Kennedy said they could make money
21. mining
22. Worked first at the Temiskaming only mine that was unionized, so only worked 9 hours a day
23. Paid $2.75 per day
24. Lived out at the Temiskaming mine camp at the bunk house
25. Met Mame Pigeon whom later married spent it with her parents in Haileybury
26. in the bunk house
27. hydro
28. wife used a wood stove
29. wood and coal
30.All kinds of shops never bothered too much with them All the way up to St. Theresa's school even stores at the mining camp4
31. An awful lot of dances made your own fun went to a few blind pigs with friends. Would pay 500 a drink. Went to the shows a favourite pastime was going down to the station. If you wanted to catch the train you had to be there at least an hour ahead of time or else you couldn't get through the crowd. Also spent a lot of time at the ball grounds, and the rink. Really enjoyed sports.
32. Didn't participate in any just loved watching
33. Went to School in Arnprior
34. grade 8
35. streetcars, horse and buggy, but Mike walked a lot and still does
36. Dr. . Mitchell
37. Only had the mines hospital but a very efficient hospital and well run
38. Clarence born in Haileybury Hospital
39. All five were well educated they quit school in their 20's Two went to University the other 3 business school
40. Clarence worked in an office Belle Terre Que. Wilf and Len both mining engineers. Audrey Northern telephone. Anne a mine office
41. Mines; just starting to work, sinking shafts, not too many accidents. Quite safe to work in. Mike worked at the Mining Corp. for 2 or 3 years after married worked in the shop. First job at White Mine worked there for 9 days then to Temiskaming Mine paid $2.75 a day. There he gave his job to brother Joe and went underground for a few weeks but didn't like it. Then went to Beaver and last to the O'Brien mine where he worked for 30 some years.
42. Hand steeling, mucking, drilling all up at Ball Park. Most of the contests were held in North Cobalt.
43. Good heavy meals ate most of his meals at cookery when first came
44. Same as today
45. usually work clothes but if we went out dressed up
46. On Sundays dressed up but after mass put on other clothes. Always saved the good clothes.
47. Went to mass usually played cards all Sunday afternoon
48. Just a lot of old pictures
49. Just likes the people and old friends and the new ones you make.
50. Just a feeling inside when you've lived in a place so long, it just grows on you.
51. A lot of improvements in the town, but in olden days the appearance of the town added character to it.
52, no
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. Mines working and town busier more work for people but can't think of an answer
57. summer every winter my wife and I go south to Florida
58. Playing cards make your own. Going to parties
59. In the summer picking berries and puttering around the house and watching the sport games on TV
60. Unless some industry or something new comes in and especially starting to close the schools that will be the end of Cobalt
61. tourists
62. museum, tours, scenery, hunting and fishing

Highlights

Mike is one of the nicest elderly men in town and is very proud of his  wife Mame who was once Mayor of Cobalt for five years. He worked at the O'Brien Mine until he was 70 years old came home one day and said he wasn't going back to work. Ever since then spends all his winters in Florida where he loves just walking along the beach and walks to mass every day.



Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski April 5, 1972
Interview: 3 hrs.
1. Mrs. Mike Cunningham
2, Mame
3. Pigeon
4. Miller Ave
5. 679-5684
6. 74
7. Renfrew, Ontario
8. Mother in Renfrew
Father in Ossials, near Douglas, Ontario
9. Ottawa Valley
10. Moved up from North Bay, went to Haileybury first in 1912
Married in 1916, lived at Kerr Lake then moved into Cobalt in 1917
11. Train
12. T.N.N.O.
13. 4 children and her mother and father
14. Worked at Mining Corp. was a steel sharpener, then O'Brien Mine for 30 yrs.
15. Worked in Haileybury office work for Adshead
16. Retired
17, Retired
18. Exciting way of life, spent most of her time in Cobalt
19. Busy place, about 10,000 people with the mining camps, pushed your way through crowds.
20. Because it was a new country with plenty of work and because her father came
21. Mining, office staff, miners and mechanics and blacksmith.
22. Adshead's from 8 to 5
23. $6.00 a week in Haileybury
24. Mother lived in North Cobalt, Mame in Haileybury in a big wooden house when married went to Kerr Lake. It was a busy place even streetcars went in. General Store. Here they lived in a big house for 2 months then bought a little shack from Danny Hellen's mother for about $50.00
25. Always went to her mothers in Haileybury
26. At Kerr Lake, went to the pump and used rain Barrels
27, coal oil lamps at Kerr Lake when moved into town Hydro
28. wood stove
29. heated with coal
30. All kinds of stores, even people from New Liskeard came down shopping. Every sat. night Mame and a few ladies went shopping. This was their Saturday night entertainment

Ed. Wilson
Taxi Service
Phone 382
Day and night serviced Open and closed cars

Repairs, Sales, Service, Reo, Oldsmobile Oakland Cars
Goodyear Tire, Exide Batteries, Veedoloils, and Greases
Phone 211

William J. Newton Wholesale and Retail Coal and Wood Dealer
 Phone 173 Cobalt

Old Timers then purchasing Mining Supplies,
 Procure prices from and old Timer

Durant and Starr Cars
 Radio Sets and Supplies on easy Terms
The Northern Garage
39-41 Lang St. Cobalt

Buy your Best Hat
from Mrs. B. Danis
High Class millinery, also ready to wear Hats of all kinds.

Ladies and Children’s Wear
24 Lang St. Cobalt

HAPPINESS RECIPE
Mix a little music with your daily life.
 Use a new Edison Phonograph learn to play a violin, Bongo or Mandolin.
Add a few late sheets of music to your assortment. Procure the ingredients from.
The L. Stadelman Co., George's Tonsorial Parlors
Everything in Music, Cobalt for Ladies and Gentlemen
Doctor Taylor Block

G.W. Dixon
Maps pf All important mining areas, Ont. and Que.
Phone 153-61, Cobalt Ontario

J.E. Sewell
Jeweler Optometrist
The Square Cobalt

Lamb Brothers Garage
Art and Roy Lamb
85 Lang St. Cobalt

Hub South worth Hallow and solid Drill Steel
Manganese and Toughened Steel castings,
Forged Steel Balls, Hack Saw Blades
Files, Picks, Shovels, Wire, Rope, Hose etc.
73 Lang St.Cobalt

McDermott and Sullivan
Exclusive Dry Goods
Wallare Block Cobalt

J. Mino and Sons
14 Lang Street, Cobalt

W, J. Ross
Groceries, Fresh Fruit, Ice Cream Soft Drinks, Cigars, Cigarettes and Tobacco

E. Davis
Painter and Decorator
Wall Paper, Paint and Varnishes Silver St. Cobalt

Walk and Be Healthy Prospect Ave, Cobalt Nickel and Prospect Ave
W. J. Deacon
Exclusive, Shoe Shore
Men's Women's Boys/ and Girls' Boots and shoes

George's Tonsorial Parlors For Ladies and Gentlemen
Nickel and Prospect Ave.,
Phone 339, Cobalt


The Northern Miner
Largest Mining circulation in Canada the Northern News
Largest Home Circulation in Temiskaming
Always growing because they are real good news papers in a Growing Country
Published at Cobalt, with Branch office at Kirkland Lake, Equipped with automatic High speed machinery
Largest Printing office in the North

It is stamped Goods
Corticilla Yarns or anything worthwhile in Dry Goods McNonagles
55 1/2 Cobalt

H. T. Black
Cobalt
Hardware, china and glass, Office Supplies

Sullivan and Shillington Wholesale Dealers

Everything necessary for the Cook Phone 160, Cobalt, Ontario

The Pioneer Florist of the North E. B. Worley
Phone 379, Silver St. Cobalt

Scharf's Livery
Taxi and Truck Draying

Feed and Sale Stables
Saddle Horses a specialty Phone 75, Cobalt, Ontario

A. L. Herbert
Steam and Smithing Coal, Anthracite and Coke Phone 99, Cobalt

Let CXL Goods and Service solve your blasting problems

Canadian Explosives Ltd. Cobalt Sudbury Timmins

C. E. Cain and Sons
10 Silver St.
Cobalt
Everything for the Home

For Comfort and Safety call Phone 176 89 Lang St
Courtinuous Service
Dick Fauteaux
Cobalt

Welcome to the Old Boys
Come in and make yourself at home
Check you Packages here, free W. Lapointe 54 Lang St.

The Bon Bon Shop
Silver St.
Cobalt

F. C. Shaw
Druggist
Lang St,

McEwen's Grocery Cobalt telephone 77

G. L. Brewer and Sons General Contractors Teams, Trucks, Tractors Customs Blacksmithing and Agency for
Indestructible Finish General Transportation

The Moore Drug Co. Ltd on the Square, Cobalt

In the International Provision Store, 5 prospect Ave. Cobalt, Mr. A. Giachino Prop. You will find the largest variety of domestic and imported foods from nearly every part of the world.

The Cafeteria Lunch Silver St. Cobalt Open 5:30 to 2:30

Smith's Studio
Cobalt, Ont
37 Lang St. Phone 372

A. G. Gagnon
115 Lang St, Cobalt Phone 217

The George Taylor Hardware
Cobalt New Liskeard, Timmins, Cochrane
Northern Canada Supply Co, Cobalt, Ontario

H. E. McKee
Barrister, Solicitor Notary, Etc. Cobalt Office, Wallace Block

Dr. H. H. A. Bell Dental Surgeon
Cobalt

George Mitchell
Barrister, Solicitor Notary Public etc. Cobalt

Dr, P. Hill
Dental Surgeon
Nipissing Building, Cobalt

Northern Explosives Ltd.
Sudbury, Cobalt, Kirkland Lake Timmins

Gamble Robinson Cobalt, Ltd.
THESE WERE SOME OF THE STORES IN1924.

31. My husband went to Blind Pig where Bill Fraboni lives.
If you wanted to buy a bottle of liquor you had to be married to send out for it. Brought a case of gin from Montreal for $12.
Held the dances in the cookeries. Met her husband at a dance at the Shamrock Mine. After the dance would go back by sleigh to Haileybury get in a 6 a.m.
After they were married, they would take Clarence, the baby in a cutter to the dance.
Mike finished work walked home 2 miles washed and changed and walked back 2 miles
to the dance.
32. just went to the games
33. no
34. Went to Business College in the Bay.
35. Street cars, Trains, Horse and buggy
36. Dr. Mitchell
37. Very good, mines Hospital very competent, Mike in with flu Annie in for 2 1/2 yrs.
38. Clarence born at Haileybury Hospital Len, only one born at home
39. Len and Wilf went to university both mining engineers Clarence 20 Annie and Audrey 19
40. Clarence in Belleterre Len and Wilf out West with Canadian Engineer
Audrey Telephone Officer Annie, Mining Office.
41. Mines were busy and all in operation
42. A lot of contests up at the ball park north cobalt. Was the best place for contests
43. Heavy meals always ate lots of meat, vegetables and desserts
44. Same as today
45. Housedresses, dressed up, when went out skirts, blouses, no slacks.
46. Dressed up, but always changed after mass
47. Went to Mass, played cards all afternoon, mostly euchre.
48. Mothers things all burnt in Fire 1922
49. Just like to place
50. Because so many of her friends are here
51. A lot of improvements made, but like the look of it better in early yrs. as it added character to the town.
52. no
53. no
54.
55, yes
56. Mines working and town busier more work
57. Summer, always goes south to Florida in the winter
58. Playing cards going out to teas and visiting travel
59. playing bingo, and sewing
60. The Government will definitely have to step in, Because it will take a lot of money
61. Tourists
62. Museum, Tours, Scenery, Hunting and fishing
Mame was mayor of Cobalt from 1962-67

This Story to follow

Joanna Stubinski PAPER CLIPPINGS April 6, 1972

ADD TO MRS. MIKE CUNNINGHAM'S INTERVIEW 2 1/2 hrs.
Cobalt's first woman mayor, 63 yrs. old. Mrs. Mamie Cunningham, became the first woman to wear Cobalt's traditional silver chain of office. The chain is made of 14 silver nuggets taken from local mines.
Mrs. Cunningham and a six man council were officially sworn in to office yesterday in a ceremony at the town office. George St. Hilaire, placed the traditional chain around
the lady mayor's neck at the beginning of a year which will see. Cobalt celebrated its 60th anniversary. She became the first woman mayor in 60 yrs. of municipal history. Prior bb her election she served on council for one year.
Wearing the silver chain of office is becoming somewhat a family tradition for Mrs. Cunningham. At 29 yrs. of age her son-in-law, John Damiani, became the country's youngest mayor and served a three yrs. term of office before leaving the political field about 5 yrs. ago.
The chain she now has won the night to wear is actually valued at a little more than $7.00 but ranks high in sentimental value to Cobalter whose community has been dubbed The Cradle of Canadian Mining". It is considered one of the most unusual marks of the mayoral rank in the world. A couple of yrs. ago when the mines loaned it to the Ont. Dept. of Mines as part of their display at the Canadian National Ex. it was insured for the sum of $10,000. The council elected was Jake Koza, Hugh Armstrong, Joseph Robitaille, Reddi Tessolini, Jack McGarry and Gus Nadeau. Born in Renfrew County, Mrs. Cunningham has lived her for 46 yrs. She is a member of the C. W. League, and Cobalt, Haileybury, Curling Club ,She and her husband Michael who was employed in a local mine, have 3 sons and 2 daughters.
At her inauguration Mrs. Cunningham gave a strong hint as to some of the most important highlights of the coming yrs. in municipal circles, and said It is an honor to have been inaugurated and in this our anniversary yrs. I am pleased to have such a good council and feel sure that if we pull together and really work hard for the betterment of our town we will accomplish something. Among our many problems will be the policing of the town. This will have to be discussed at our next meeting. Steps should be taken at an early date to collect areas of taxes. We must keep working towards a settlement of the property problem. In the north end of town, as well as toward an easement Branch of the Ontario Municipal Board.  I hope our meetings-will be harmonious and no swearing please. Councilors, unless they have business in the town office should not make a practice of dropping in and taking up the time of the staff. Re. Father Ovila Lemay, Cobalt said a blessing over the 1963 council and its committees were announced yesterday.

COBALT'S MAYOR

Soon the town of Cobalt will be electing its mayor, and we think that most of the people in the Silvertown will agree that their present chief magistrate should be returned without even the formality of an election.
For Mamie Cunningham, as mayor, has had more success in awakening Canada to the im¬portance of the old silver camp that has any previous mayor within our remembrance.
She was aided it is true, by the ballyhoo that attended the Jubilee celebrations, but her work did not stop with the fireworks that ended the celebrations.
During the hectic 15 days in August Mayor Cunningham grasped the lapels of many im-portant persons who visited the town and district and heard and remembered their promises and since that time she has made many visits to the Queen City to see that the Promises were implemented. She is clever, talented and persuasive as well as being a very pleasant and womanly woman. Cobalt should make sure she is re-elected.
Dead Man Gets 17 Votes
A candidate for town council whose election day death notice was posted in all polling stations received 17 votes here in Municipal elections Monday.
Officials pasted a death notice for Stanley Crago, 74, an hour after balloting started. He was one of 12 candidates for six council seats.
Mayor Mamie Honored by the United Church
In an unprecedented move Temiskaming Presbytery of the Untied Church has appointed a Roman Catholic as a corresponding member. The honor was accorded Mayor Mamie Cunningham of Cobalt, when the Presbytery held its annual meeting in Cobalt last Week.
Mrs. Cunningham is now entitled to take part in debates, but cannot vote on Church matters.
Rev. H. L. Wipprech of Cobalt United Church commented that as far as he knows this is the first appointment of its kind ever made.
Sometimes I wonder how I ever did get into this, quipped Mrs. Mamie Cunningham, mayor of Cobalt, as she spoke of the job.
Mrs. Cunningham, one of Ontario's two women mayors, says she finds the job of running, The Silver City thrilling and rewarding.
An enthusiastic leader of an all sale council, Mrs. Cunningham spoke of some of the problems she has to tackle, the greatest of which is providing houses to cope with Cobalt’s recent influx of mining personnel.
Mrs. Cunningham defeated 2 male candidates in the mayoralty race and jokingly said I was pretty pleased to beat the men.
Few 'Towns, she said can boast the romance and excitement of Cobalt, which although it looks beat up and dusty, has played an important and unique part to the development of Canada
Mrs. Cunningham's husband, Michael whom she married in Haileybury 38 yrs. ago is agreeable] to her holding office. Although he has no political ambitions himself, he is pleased that his wife is mayor. She added that he is quite capable of getting himself a meal if I’m not
there.
Following an address Mrs. Cunningham donned her chain of office, of pure silver leaf from the first producing mine in Cobalt.
The Advice to women eager to take a stab at politics; Get into it. Its' a very rewarding experience. It keeps you going, and sometimes these luncheons make it a bit hard on the waistline, but it's worth it Mayor Mamie loves to tell about the good old days when the first silver vein was discovered in this gateway to the mineral riches of the north. She delights in putting on her heavy chain of office, made from rough slabs of leaf-silver, the first mined in Cobalt; we polished it up when I took over as Mayor. Like the many jobs of running a town it is heavy to wear but the weight is well distributed around my shoulders.

Joanna Stubinski NEWS CLIPPINGS April 10, 1972
ADD TO MRS. CUNNINGHAMS INTERVIEW
Cobalt: Silver Memories
Should nostalgia or curiosity take you up to Cobalt's 60th Anniversary blow out chanter are you will catch that adventure to mining camp opulence. The Cobalt Song. It was written in 1919 at the height of an era that saw Cobalt with 104 producing silver properties. Dividends of more than $100, 00,000. The Lawson with its Silver Sidewalk at 12,000 ounces to the ton, the Lyric Theatre and Beatrice Lillie, and a team in the National hockey League. Of course if you push these glories of the past too hard, especially in such emporiums of amber optimism as the Miners Home Public House, you are liable to get a punch in the mouth. This is more likely if you choose to enlighten long time Cobalters of the breed of Cecil Birtch is a mechanic of profane splendor who can knock out a set of worn kingpins in a trice. By choice, Mr. Birtch is a volunteer fireman and Cobalt of today champion.
Not that Cobalt is a belligerent town. On the contrary and despite numerous boasts of richness to rags, it retains an inimitable ability to look in the bright side and to pass along this cheeriness to you.
Thus it is appropriate that Cobalt should have a song of its very own. The town has no intention of letting the glass of 50 yrs. ago rub off. even though sales of outside paint must surely be the lowest per capita in Canada and its contribution to national architecture confined to an abandoned mine shaft running through the centre of a grocery store.
Cobalt has made its mark in an more tangible was, it is the cradle and well spring of Canadian Mining and anvil on which was hammered out the rough cast of a 'national identity. With its silver, it still exports much of its talent. Yet it keeps the progeny of its worldwide magnetism. The Armstrongs, Audettes, Baxter’s, Chitaroni’s, Damianis, De Vries, Todd’s Tressider and Yanyks.
I remember Cobalt. I remember it in a maudlin way, true, since I spent pretty girl at a fires are always social events, especially in winter when the town can get a bit dull.
The North Bay nugget had its branch office on Lang St in a battered frame building. Nearly all the buildings on Lang St. are battered over the years they have heaved a collective sigh and settled onto their bedrock like weary revelers at the burlesque show. But the office overlooked the famous Square with its monument to Dr. Willet Green Miller who Read the Secret of the Rocks. After Fred Larose threw that hammer at a fox hack in 1903. The square is Cobalt's stage and even the reruns are fascinating. Over at the fire hall, Jiggs Saumier and Red McEwen wield away the fireless hours discussing with authority common to their calling, everything from the Korean War to the Current market lapse or why the fellow up the street really left home at 3 a.m. and sober at the Jiggs has since become a Provincial Police officer.
Larry Stadelman would, drive through the Square in his 1927 Buick, leaving his book store to seek the latest stock exchange chatter in Haileybury and New Liskeard.
Prospector Jack Armstrong would hold forth in front of Costello's drug store allowing only fires, two-car crashes and new strikes to interrupt his theme. Snugged down in heavy canvas coat, a cigar jutting as a smoke signal to prosperity, one-time teamster Harry Miller would cross the Square and head into the Post Office Harry ramrodded the Silver Miller and for my money was the founder of the New Cobalt.
Inside, there would be a business life greeting from Mayor E. J. Holland, postmaster, imperious authority on the art of smoking a cigarette with a long holder, and winner of the Victoria Cross following a machine gun encounter in World War 1
From his second-floor office there was a wave from William Inch, O. C. once a week Sour would accompany Bill Inch to Haileybury, there to do legal battle against the unswerving horse sense of magistrate Atkinson and the bluster of Crown Attorney Walters. There was the time Bill beat an assault charge when he proved his client had only one foot inside the Good Food Grill, and therefore couldn't have been in the place.
If you needed a hammer a bracket, a pot or pan, there was Tommy Block the only hardware merchant, who bucked his own business. But you'd butt it, anyway you needed it.
The sound truck swinging into the square that Mr. Giachino behind the wheel. No one knew his first name. He ran a travel agency. See This World before the Next was his slogan, and promoted it by showing films.
The Big Man in the Jeep station wagon would be geologist Ralph Benner. He didn't do too well with his Silver Banner, but he made up for it a few yrs. later at Consolidated Denison in Elliot Lake.
Bob Sopha was the fellow with the casual manner and benign expression. He could fill you in on the political scene or where the fish were biting or the deer running. His brother Elmer, got to be M.P.P. Bob is happy as a hotel inspector.
If you booked in at the Fraser House you would meet Mrs. Abraham. The first time I got a room there she fixed me with a knowing eye and said remember no parties.
But there will always be parties in Cobalt. They're not having the ball they once had, but higher silver prices and mines such as Deer Horn, Glen Lake, Silver Summit and Agnico have again put the bloom back on Cobalt. The Best Old Town.

COBALT MAY HAVE LADY MAYOR
Councilor Cunningham Tosses Hat into Ring Politics of Cobalt has taken a new turn with the chances of a lady mayor. Councilor Mame Cunningham said that she will probably stand for mayor in the municipal election.
If I can see a state of good men or women running for council then I will allow my Mame to stand for mayor.
Mrs. Cunningham said that she has lived in Cobalt for 38 yrs. and owns property in the town.
I have a good deal of time to spare, and don’t have to worry about what anyone thinks she added, Mrs. Cunningham has served on the Town Council for the past year. Mrs. Anne Purdy is the other woman member of the Council. Mrs. Cunningham said that she would not mind seeing more women on the Council, when you look at our empty stores, large areas, lack of new buildings and very costly administration. I believe that the women in this town could certainly do no worse and night well do better.
Cobalt is at the centre of a very active mining area but nothing is beige done mining area but nothing is being done to encourage new industry or business or home building in the town, she added.

This was the last recipe in Mame's Cook Book
How To Preserve a Husband
Be careful in your selection. Do not choose too young, and take only such as have been reared in a good moral atmosphere.
 When once decided upon, let that part remain forever settled, and give your entire thought to preparation for domestic use.
 Some insights on keeping them in a pickle, while others are constantly getting them into hot water.
This only makes them sour hard, and sometimes glitter.
Even poor varieties may be made sweet tender, and good by garnishing them with patience.
 Well sweetened with smiles and flavored with kisses to taste.
Then wrap them in a mantle of charity, keep warm with a steady fire of domestic devotion,
 and serve with peaches and cream. When thus prepared will keep for yrs.
Aunt Hannah


Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski
Interview
1. Charlie Dakins
2. Charlie Akie3. Date: March 21
Time: 3 1/2 hrs.
4. 4 1/2 Nickel St. Cobalt
5. 679-4841
6. 62
7. Dorchester Station Ontario
8, Dorchester Station
9. United Empire Loyalists U.S.A.
10. 1912 taught school in Charlton 4 yrs, We were married in Englehart while teaching in Charlton. We went to our wedding in Englehart in a cutter pulled by a team of horses. Married 1913. I started in a 2 room school house with 45 pupils, Later they got me an assistant. That school burnt in 1922 fire. J. C, Darke came from England did a lot of construction in the area he was one of the first men to locate in this area
to locate you had to buy 160 acres, once that was patent you could buy another 160 acres. Mrs. Darke bought two locations. He lived in a little log shack where the Silverland cemetery is today. That house burnt in the 1922 fire. We lived in this cottage. J. C. Parke built; it is where Hugh Wright lives today. It has a 19" foundation. I had put 40 cords of wood in the basement the day the fire had left a wheel barrow full of wood at the basement window. Maybe if I hadn't it would not have caught on fire.
I taught school at Millage 104 and Cobalt, when I taught a Millage 104 it was a 2 storey building with 2 class rooms. We had 80 pupils at the time. I taught there for 8 yrs, A. E. Bryson was principal of the Public School in Cobalt. He was principal at the Cobalt Public School and still lived in the house at Mileage 104.
When I was principal there were 80 pupils trying their entrance exams and in those day they had to write their exams,
Cobalt Public was the Central school there were 4 schools to look after
The entrance class was divided in two. Miss Holiday had the class that skipped Jr IV from Sr.  III to Sr. IV meaning grade 6 to 8 out of that class 79 passed out of 80. Miss Nokes had the Sr. IV that came from Jr. IV her pupils all passed each had to pupils of the entrance class.
The President of the bank of Commerce today of Canada was one of the pupils that skipped Jr.  IV Evan Donaldson the Millionaire was one of my pupils.
We promoted our pupils 3 times a year then we promoted them when they were ready, We didn't keep them back for the slow ones as a consequence you had a lot of them passing at 11 yrs. old,
12. I was Cadet Instructor in Cobalt, we had 40 Cadets, Wendell Brewer was the Cadets Captain, and we wore putties in those days.
I won lots of prizes in sports; I was never beaten in the Hop skip and jump 14" hop 14" step 14' 6" jump. Pole vault 8'4"
When I was in high school I was Captain of a foot ball team, In Ingersoll and Woodstock, When I wasn't in school I spent most of my time in the gym. When I wasn't in school
14. Teacher
15 never work
16. Retired at 80 yrs, old, after I retired from teaching I took a job as clerk treasure for the Township of Coleman stayed there 16 yrs. When I was teaching at Mileage 104. I was clerk Treasurer for the Township of Buckle also.
20. I got my Matrix and teachers certificates and I came north to teach. We normaled in North Bay we were paid $4.00 per week for attending teachers college at that time it paid my board in North Bay, imagine board at $4. per week.
21. We had to sign up and teach in Northern Ontario for 3 yrs. to get paid the $4.
22. I taught in Charlton for $650. per yr.
23. In Cobalt I got 1200 per year as principal and Cadet Instructor
24. Bought a house from Dr. Cooper in Charlton.
25.
26.
27. We had no Hydro
28. We got our water from the pump. Next door. We had outdoor plumbing. We had a good wood stove.
29. When I got off the train in Cobalt you could hardly get elbow room, a gang of men would get in the train and go to Haileybury to get their liquor. You could not buy it in Cobalt, as prohibition was on I remember the dog name Cobalt very well
30. There were lots of stores on Lang St.
31. Hunting fishing, I caught loads of fish at Latchford. Below the bridge. I caught an 8 lb. base there
32. I’ve played very game except golf. Baseball, tennis, foot ball, I played with the Canadian Champion of Canada in Tennis. His name was Charlie Hind. But I didn't win. I worked as a farmer delivering milk to the train, that how I met Charlie Hinds, Charlie got me a racquet. We had a tournament that fall and we won it. I was 19 or 20 at the time.
35. Horse and cutter was our transportation the only way you could get out of Cobalt was
By train. If you had a car and wanted to take it with you you'd have to ship it by freight to North Bay. We had no highway.
36, Dr.Taylor
37. Had a hospital on the corner
38. Charlton at Home
39, they were all educated before they went to work
42. At west cobalt they had everything going. Main thing drilling contests. Races of all kinds. 100 yd, dash, 320 yd dash, 1/2 mile race 1 mile race. They had a large grand stand. When they held their celebrations at West Cobalt. The streets were crowded and the
Ball Park. There were all kinds of sports. In the Hay days they had a floating population of 12,000
I had a relative visit me once he couldn't get over the unsanitary conditions refused from the outdoors running into Cobalt Lake and people drinking the water in fact payed for it. He said if these people don't get typhoid it will be something funny. We did get a typhoid epidemic and several people died.
47. church
48. My important things burnt. I lost all my sport prizes in the fire 1922. I felt bad. I had a pair of speed skates. The front stuck out in 5 or 6 places. They were a long blade
49. Its home. Our home is the old cobalt jail
50. I retired as town clerk of Coleman in 1970, at 80 yrs. old
51. The buildings are being built more permanent. More substantial no more shacks. They are all decent buildings now.
52. Don't like to see the mines closing down
They need to double the price of silver to make Cobalt boom again
53. Cobalt has been good to us. We have been here the second time came back to retire
55. yes
56. Would like to see it made profitable for the mines to reopen
57, summer
59. Walk every day
60. The only salvation for Cobalt is developed the tourist industry
61. tourists
62. good fishing, sports of all kinds, Go to bed at night with no fear. The sense of freedom for people. It’s not like living in Toronto don't have to lock our doors. We have things to show people they haven’t got anywhere else. Beautiful scenery. The sightseeing ride to Fountain Falls Upper and Lower Notch to Silver Centre and down the Lorrain Road.

Mr. Dakins was quite an athlete all his life. He is very well preserved for his age--only his hearing is bad.


Lucy Damiani February 21, 1972
6:15 - 7:30
1. Teresa Dalan
2.
3. Teresa Camazzola
4. 113 Earl Street
5. 679-8208
6. 68 years old
7. San Zenone delli Ezelini
E. San Lenone delli Bzelini
9. Italy
10. October 1923
11. By boat and train
12. By way of New York
13. Arrived alone, my husband to be was waiting for me.
14. Worked as a miner for 28 years.
15. Housewife and part time chamber maid.
16. Widow - husband passed away.
17. Relaxed housewife
18. I thought it was quite a nice little town, the regret was not knowing the language.
19. It was already well established as a mining town with gravel roads, wooden sidewalks, quite a few stores of all varieties, everything a person needed was here at the time.
20. My husband sent for me and came here to settle down and raise a family
21. Mining
22. From seven in the morning to seven at night.
23. About $4.50 per day, which came to $27 per week, it was a 6 day week then.
24. A frame two storey building with 5 rooms.
25. A quiet Christmas at home with relatives who were in Cobalt that time.
26. Father’s home.
27. Electricity - there were irons, toasters, radios, refrigerators, washing machines etc.
28. Wood stove for cooking.
29. Coal heater for heat.
30. All kinds of shops for food, clothing, appliances hardware, bake  shops and an abundance of restaurants, candy stares, hat shops, fur shops, and I remember many stores, on both sides of Lang Street.
31. Card games, family gathering and friends, some drinking. Saturday night was the big night for just walking down town to see everyone.
32. None.
33. Went to school in Italy
34. Grades 6 to 12 as they were known in those days - lower school.
35. Very few cars - mostly horses
36. Dr. Mitchell, there were also three other doctors at the time.
37. Hospital facilities were very good; we had a fair sized hospital - with a well equipped operating room.
38. First child born in Cobalt, baptized at St. Patrick’s Church
39. Mary grade 10, Irma grade 12, Peter grade 12.
40. Girls worked in stores until they married. Peter went to Hamilton For awhile then to Kirkland Lake for Pittsburg Glass.
41. My husband enjoyed working in the mines, was interested in mining.
42. They had mucking and drilling contests. He & I always had good meals, meat was plentiful, there were vegetables of all kinds, and nearly everyone raised chickens.
44. Family always ate the same type of meal and ate together.
45. Spent Christmas with relatives who were here and friends.
46. Plain work clothes through the week.
47. On Sundays we always dressed in better dresses and suits 48.First everyone went to Church then we came home and enjoyed a day with family and friends.
49. Just small souvenirs I picked up along the way.
50. It’s the best town of all.
51. It’s cheaper living just big enough to be enjoyable.
52. The parks are nice, the restoration to the buildings on Lang Street and. people are painting and cleaning up their properties.
53. I like them all.
54. No.
55. I like all obit.
56. Not too many
Maybe a little larger shopping area, we need a drug store.
58. Summer it’s so nice to get outdoors.
59. Like embroidering
60. Gardening, I love to grow. Flowers and vegetables.
61. Another industry might give more employment
62. Maybe induce tourists to come here.
63. de have some beautiful lakes, lovely spots like Old Mission, Hound Chutes, Montreal River and in town we have mining tours, museum, a new motel a show and a Laundromat, everything one needs.
64. gardening, I love to grow. Flowers and vegetables.
65. Another industry might give more employment
66. Maybe induce tourists to come here.
67. de have some beautiful lakes, lovely spots like Old Mission, Hound Chutes, Montreal River and in town we have mining tours, museum, a new motel a show and a Laundromat, everything one needs.



Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb 26
Interview Length of Interview: 1 1/2 hrs.
1. Mrs. Anne Damiani
2. Annie
3. Cunningham
4. Miller
5. 679-8287
6. 44
7. Cobalt
8. Dad in Dun Robin Ont., Mother in Renfrew
9. Cobalt
10. Born here
11.
12.
13. 6 including parents
14. Dad was a blacksmith in the mine--steel sharpener
15. Housewife--mayor of Cobalt--Before Mathews
16. Store owner--Damiani Electric
17. Housewife and works part time in store with husband--Air force World War II
18. Always thought it was terrific
19. Lively enough--but parents kept them close to home
20.
21. mining
22.
23.
24. Big 2 storey home--green shingles
25. She was 7 or 8 and her and her sister received a great big doll and wicker carriage was really thrilled. Carriage was big enough for a real baby
26. in house
27. electricity
28. wood stove
29. Wood stove and Quebec Heater in living room--remembers a party one night when her and Audrey were upstairs looking down through a vent and mother and father were having
a party, people were dancing and how one couple practically kicked the stove over
30. General Store-next door God parents owned it. Buck's lot of other stores--Cherry's men's wear. Boston Grill--Minerva
31. 1 theatre-entertained themselves-picnics Father always took the children down every Saturday night-dressed them up to watch the twain come in at 7. This was their treat.
32. Roller skated--ice skated-had a family ticket at the arena. Basket ball and badminton
33. yes and in Haileybury too
34. 13 or 14 yrs.
35. Drove through town with horse and sleigh--Murphy's had a pony and cutter--trains and cars.
36. Dr. Dunning
37. had her Appendix out in Cobalt hospital--It was small but good
38. Cobalt
39. Ricky 18
40, Ricky worked in mines
41. Mining Corp. was working--across the street from where they lived men would give
the kid’s cookies--father worked there went to the machine shop to watch father work sharpening picks--steel and bolts, shovels, etc.
42. Can't remember-remembers Fairs
43. good substantial meals, soups and stews and roasts, lots of desserts
44.
45. skirts and sweaters knitted by mother
46. Outfits made by mother with matching tams, dresses
47. Went to mass-spent with parents swimming, sliding or hiking went walking
48. Cup and saucer (pink) from grandmother
49. Home is here and parents-like the casual relaxed way of living--also smaller
high school for children
50. Don't like the rush and stench and polluted air
51. Trees taller--town is cleaner
52. Wish we had better ladies shops and children's clothing
53.
54.
55. Mines more active and an industry come in
56.
57. Fall-beautiful colors and trees
58. pottery, bowling, playing cards, ski-doing, having friends in, visiting church groups, Caboto club, liberal club
59. Pottery and reading
60. Getting a 2nd industry and mines more active. Provincial Gov't to make it easier for people to live in the north. Freight rates too high.
61. Anyone who likes pure air and good clean living
62. Museum, scenery, mining tours, lakes, fishing, ski-doing, pure air and friendly people.


Lucy Damiani May 9, 1972
7:30 - 10:00
1. Teresa Irma Damiani
2. same
3. 65 Lang St., Cobalt
4. 679-8222
5. office stenographer and bookkeeper Highway Book Shop
6. Cobalt, Ontario
7. Mother Madnisio Udine Italy - Father Campoformido Udine Italy
8. single
9. 49 years
10. Cobalt has lagged between a depressed area for some years. EducationS1 facilities are much improved since education has become a primary concern both on the provincial level as well as Federally. Regional schools now offer better facilities and more modern aide (i.e.; visual aids) students are definitely motivated by what they see. The educational system has improved extensively in this direction. The explosion of bussing school students still leaves a great deal of organization. Perhaps it is because the area per se of population is too vast too large. However it is too soon to be critical of Regional schools, because of bussing educational facilities and the curriculum offered to the students I believe compensate for the many sacrifices made both on the taxpayer and the students themselves. When I attended school it was a great burden on my parents and the rest of the family. Books were costly and during the depression years, money was not as available. Now the books and supplies are no longer the worry of the student, but the school activities in the school then were few and some¬times only after school. Activities now are a school participation everyone benefits. The economic situation in Cobalt has been due to low key in mining. Silver which is the primary metal has dropped in price in the last year and the mines in the area have been compelled to close. The area gets a boost when there is some construction going on. When the Hydro project at Lower Notch being built it created a lot of work for people in Cobalt and area and Cobalt certainly was better economically. Of course when the project came to an end many were unemployed and the mines were not hiring as before. Secondary industries would be necessary to aid the economy not only for Cobalt but for the entire North. High freight rates are highly detrimental to developing the north. Job opportunities are few. The labour force is mainly connected with mining. There are a few government jobs available in the area but there are seldom vacancies.
Training. and wages in the industries stores, offices, and other outlets are mostly inadequate. Larger percent of the jobs that are available are very low pay.
There are few jobs in civic provincial federal etc. but to get these you have to know someone who knows someone. The majority of office workers in the area are underpaid. When in training you receive even less. Many places exploit your skills and knowledge because they claim training period is anywhere from 6 months to 2 years. Then to the majority of offices are far too busy to train you property and you learn by doing. Salary in such an instance is below the standard requirement. The exploitation of on the job training is not a new one.
But we are all victims of it sometime or other. Working conditions in some places of business in the area and adequate while some places are not. There I am working I wonder how come there is never any inspection by the Labour Department especially when a representative lives only a few miles away. Other places are continually harassed by inspection every six months or once a year. Recommendations are suggested and these must be met. Where I am now working there is no break in the morning or afternoon. We work right through with one half hour for lunch. Your lunch is eaten on a small space next to the door leading to the toilet. In summer the odour is worse than in winter. Heating facilities are very inadequate in the building. It leaves a great deal to be desired as may seem exaggerated to some people because both Mr. & Mrs. Pollard exude such a High public image.
City Facilities
Few people are exposed to as many opportunities as we have available. Transportation facilities are adequate. Many people own cars and the complex of the three towns lend a great deal of expansion. The city can offer such uncluttered highways and no overcrowding in population. Shopping in Cobalt is fair  prices are high. Adult education is offered at the Secondary schools in area. Also by Haileybury school of mines. We have a group of artists in the area and several classes are offered in art ceramics, sculpture and pottery.
The Cobalt Art Club is affiliated with the Northern Ontario Art Association. The association has a great expansion embracing most of the Northern Communities going westerly to Sault Ste. Marie. They have two or three major showings a year, which are exhibited at the different communities. The pictures are abjucated by two prominent artists from museums in the cities of Southern Ontario. Any member is allowed to enter two in each exhibition providing they meet the specifications to size, framing etc. Caroline McArthur is the NOAA 'Northern Ontario Art Association) representative for the Cobalt Art Club,
They also sponsor an Art colony every year and this summer once again, Cobalt will be the site. Mr. Gus Wiseman is expected for the week's course. One of our top Canadian artists.
Many talented artists have contributed to the area. Mrs. Olive McArthur, Jack Burton;  both of Cobalt, Mrs. Muriel Smith and Miss Muriel Newton-White, both of Haileybury. A little industry has developed from the local Arts, and Crafts. The Cobalt Pottery Shop under the direction of Bernardo Sembrano, Bruce Verity and Jack Burton. Most interesting aspect of this group is they have experimental with using local clay and local dyes, and have been very successful Recreational Facilities are varied. We have the bowling organization composed of Ladies, Men’s and mixed teams. The burling club in Haileybury offers an enjoyable sport for a minimal fee compared to the city versions. There is the local arena for ice skating with artificial ice. Hockey games are played all winter by the youngsters in the Leagues public skating is offered for adults three to four nights
a week. Snowmobiling has become very popular and the opportunities for trails are endless and are p just a few feet from home. Skiing facilities I would say are excellent for this area. A newly built complex that is only about ten years is situated in the Lorrain Valley - only about 7 miles from North Cobalt. The pomolife facilities are good. The hills are well groomed and excellent for every skier regardless of ability. Something for both the beginner and the expert. The mountain has a vast area of trails, the trails about 2100 feet. Instruction I also offered by the Mining School students to adults and children every week end.
Sports. Organized sports. Cobalt has always been very active in sports. I can remember when Mrs. Claude O’Shaughnessy first started a Ladies Bowling League in 1942 or 1943 with the help of Miss Gladys Murphy they organized a Ladies Bowling league. There were at the time 8 teams in the league and I was bowling for Laurette's (a hairdresser now living in Haileybury - Mrs. Zanin)
In the early years we had hockey teams and skating in winter in the old arena across from St. Pat’s rectory. The roof collapsed one winter because of the heavy snow and it was a few years later the present rink was built on Argentite Street. When Jack Staley came from Toronto to work at the Imperial Bank in Cobalt sometime around 1947 he got together an interested group who wanted to learn badminton, With this he organized the Cobalt Badminton Club and he was instrumental in organizing tournaments with other clubs out of town. Soon the Club flourished and at one time it had as many as 50 paid up members. We held socials and tournaments as well. It was a great sport and enjoyed by many adults. Thanks to Jack Stanley. Up until a few years ago the Club on a smaller scale was still active. skiing is perhaps one of our greatest winter sports. I can remember before a Ski Club was organized. We would ski out to the Colonial Hill and even around O’Brien what was then known as the Violet Mine. There were a few enthusiasts and and it wasn't too long before a club was formed. Mr. Leo Gough was to be the organizer who got the project underway. A mining man living in Haileybury who knew the area well started a Club at Cross Lake and by built a Chalet on a rock pile overlooking the lake. It flourished for many years and Mr. & Mrs. Bond of Haileybury became bona fide members donating time and money to keep the club going. There were parties held and soon electricity was installed, thanks to
Jim England of New Liskeard. In a community such as this everyone co-operated and donated their time to keep the Club going. The paths were a bit narrow but it made excellent skiing. There were only two major trait and in those days only
a rope tow but to many of us it was skiing at its best. The Chalet was nearly always full of Chalet skiers who came to watch. When electricity was installed night skiing was initiated two nights a week and if you were a member you could use these privileges. This was in the 501s and Leo Gough was the one who made it all possible? Many skiers still remember how a small group kept the Ski Club operating. Later Mike Kosiailka who was posted in this area with Children's Aid (sometime about 1961) and visualized this dream of the new site where the Tri-Town Ski Club now stands. It was Mike who cleared the mountains and organized a commercial Ski area that operates to-day as Tri¬-own ski club formerly known as St. Bernard Ski Club. In the summer we have  the many fresh water lakes for fishing and swimming. Five miles south of Cobalt we have Bass Lake a project of the Kiwanis Club. Wonderful swimming with a good Sandy Beach. It is also a camping area with cottages to rent for tents. The late Mr. Larry Stadelman was a great sportsman and it was through this manes generosity that many of the Cobalt people now can enjoy a wonderful lake with all the facilities for picnics, swimming, boating and other water sports.
When we were youngsters we would walk a couple of miles to Peterson Lake about two miles in on the O'Brien Property road. It was wonderful for us, and many enjoyed the swimming hole, until the mine started working and polluted theLake. But we did enjoy it for a good many years. On the more intellectual side there are evening courses offered at the Secondary Schools in the area. Adults who wish to become better informed or learn certain skills are certainly encouraged. It is hoped that the directors on the Board of Education will foresee all the wonderful opportunities open for the' schools, when they are no longer in use, during the summer months, to put them to use and have work shops or courses during the summer. They have been very --successful in other areas there is no reason why Cobalt should not be considered
Because of length of interview with more history forthcoming the remainder of this report will be procured at a later date.

Lucy Damiani June 6, 1972
ADD TO TERESA DAMIANI INTERVIEW
Changes in Cobalt I would like to see and I believe they will come about before long.
There are already signs of change to add to this, beguiling atmospheric contrast of tar paper mine shafts and the dated contrast the freedom of nature.
The Lions Club are to be commended for their interest in Cobalt and their worthwhile projects, such as the installation of artificial ice in the Cobalt arena, their participation in Festival, sponsoring a Winter Carnival, which is always very interesting and of course their recent endeavour of the Park on scenic Cobalt Lake. The Kiwanis Club for their project at Bass Lake, a summer attraction.
The many industries and businesses that have flourished in the past will be an incentive for more in the future.
Tourism could become one of the main attractions for -promoting more businesses and creating an interest throughout Canada.
Perhaps someday in the near future there will be a solution to the high cost of freight. However things change at such acceleration that some of these could well be generated to this area, particularly Cobalt.
The Recreation Committee, has been very successful in Cobalt and created interest in different phases of recreation particularly on the artistic side, However, I feel that the sports in general have been neglected in this direction. There has been no motivation in this direction, except in hockey in Winter and swimming in summer, which existed long before the Recreation Director
was hired. I would like to see such sports as tennis, lacrosse, badminton, and skiing promoted to a higher degree.
Perhaps I am being a little too critical about the different sports, but it is because I am keenly interested in them.
I also enjoy reading as recreation and I have a few collections of early first Canadian editions, which I prize very dearly.
The family has two prints of Picasso. Although these are only prints they are of some value being the work of this famous artist.


Joanna Stubinski April 28, 1972
2-1 hours
Mrs. Charles Dean
2. Charlie
4. Township Road
5. 679-5741
6. 89
7. Ossiolu - Renfrew Gouty
8.Father - Haley's, Mother - Ossiolu
9. Ottawa Valley
10. 1908 Came to McKinley-Darragh Mine in 1909. This was the original silver find. In 1908 was working with CPR, I knew there was no way of getting ahead so hired on the TNN0 on the CPR was relieving agent at the foot of the lake Temiskaming. Freight came up the lake on the Meteor and Temiskaming. Robbins was manager of McKinley Darragh
11. Came from
12,North Bay by train
13. Came alone
14. I was cashier in freight office at the station then started with Rick. D. in
15. Wife's father was superintendent at the Savage Mine. She looked after the children
16. retired
17. retired
18. I was told nobody comes to stay. The people come to make what they canard get out. The McKinley Darragh closed in 1927. 16 years after Bobbins 1ft. I just stayed here and leased the ground. I now own my own house and also the ground
19. Pretty wild. When I first came worked nights at the station. Police supplied
me with knives, a gun and handcuffs and a Billy. I always carried the gun. I had a terrible time of getting rid of the men. They world always hang around the station at night. Cobalt had bath Town & Provincial Police. Railway
very busy. Had a shunting crew a brakeman and engineer here in town. If you wanted your car spotted you'd have to pay the men. There were about 10,000 people in Cobalt with the mining camps.
20. Came here because I got a good offer with the TNNO thought I would have a better chance of making something. I worked with the railroad here for a 1 1/2, years then to McKinley Darragh. It had paid 6,000,000 in dividends since it started.
21. Mine work, gambling, in town the gamblers would hire on as a machine helper. They couldn't handle it so would only last a couple of days at the job. There were also men around that rolled people every day, the big shots gambled heir
22. About 9 hours I worked in the office, but the miners shifts were a little longer.
23. $20  with the mine, with the railroad between $75 and $80. a month Brought mother and father and sister we first lived at the mining corp.
house then moved to the top of Cobalt St. opposite the school, we had roomers
that year Sir. W. Laurier came to Cobalt, Conservatives beat our liberals. Steinman boarded with us. He wrote Cobalt song, the Harmony Hall was next door. A very lively place. McAdam was the pianist. We then moved to Nickle St. for 3 years then to New Liskeard for 2 years. Would travel on the street car everyday to work at McKinley-Darragh. Then in 1922 married Mr. Brocklebank's sister lived next to Keen's for 5 years, then to mine house in 1928 have been in same house for 44 years.
25. Always had my sister down from New Liskeard a big due at Xmas 12 or 13 people
26. Have our own spring water draw it in with pressure pump.
27. Electricity,
28. Used to drink Laurentian water that was bought for .10 cent a gallon Had them in cases of 5 - 1 gallon. bottles. Drank it after flu epidemic. Lived down Swamp St. when I first came at the Crown Hotel could sit on the side of the bed and look through the walls and floors. Had a room and 2 meals a day
29. wood and coal
30. George Barber had a blind pig where the street cars came in. Had a good shopping area good merchants Pipe & Presley, MacDiarmid & Sullivan, Pod & Deacon's Shoe Store, Logan & McNab Furniture also the undertakers. After the fever McNab visited. the Mines hospital looking for business. He was quite a joker.
31. Live vaudeville very cheap. Some actress that played here married a Lord over in England still living 5 theatres.
32. Tri-Town had a hockey team. Haileybury also, They played against Ottawa and Montreal, Big betting went on Harry smith owned the winning goal and all kinds of money was lost. I started to play hockey when I was 17. Started cut as a forward. Played with Sturgeon Falls we won the 2oso Cup. Intermediate CEA I was goalie then. I played goalie for McKinley. Darragh 1910-11-1911-12. In Those days Charlie was the best goalie in the area. I remember one night at the arena In Cobalt when a 2 by 4 gave out and about 20 people fell into the ice. Bill Laird the barber got a broken leg. I was in the section above watching.
33. Went to school in Ossiola
34.One year of high school
35. Trains Horse and buggy. We had a driving team at the mine all the time.
Everybody met the train there were usually more at the train going south. In awful lot of freight trains
36 .Dr. Hare & McLaren
37. Mines hospital in visiting only
38. Cobalt
39. All born at home had 5
40. Margaret lives in Ventura, California, Florence, buyer for Eaton’s, Kathleen, Dep't of Highways, James Hydro, Abitibi Canyon, John, Temiskaming TV
41. Quite safe, but there were a lot of accidents
42. Drilling. Page & Pickings upset the contest once, drilled much faster, they used a smaller size of steel. Big days in North Cobalt they would send a big balloon up. Always went up by streetcar.
43. The Mine ran a boarding house it a loss, only charged 200 a meal, the foreigners, Rumanians ate about a doz. or more eggs each day
44. Very heavy mostly ate raisin pie, the staff wouldn't eat it because there used to be cockroaches in the pies.
45. Work clothes. Always wore flannel shirts and hob nail boots Had a tennis court at the mine. We all played and had our own outfits
46. Dressed up a bit
47. Went fishing , hunting. Always worked Saturdays.
48. Pictures, albums, little paintings and treasures from grandchildren
49. Just go over everyday there isn't too much to like about it now
50. Lived here so long
51. Museum, developed, town looks cleaner, Paul Hermiston deserved a lot of credit for the m4seum
52. Don't spend too much time in town
53. Would like to see it busier and new development. McKinley Darragh is owned by 3 Jews from Toronto
54, I like the area but spends most time at home
56. Spend most of my time at home
57. Fall and late summer
58. TV and radio drive to town everyday
59. Cut woods for exercise I have a lot of tonnage piled up, but can't chip It.
60. Raise price of silver
62. Not much except the scenery around. Ragged Chutes. Museum Bass Lake, towns

  Highlights

1922 Fire

Picked a baby out of lake, I war; wanting to set to my sister to see if she is alright, couldn't set through so went down by the hospital to the lake. objects of tin flying all over, McArthur the Public School principal helped to hold down the tin, It was very windy, I saw a carriage in the lake. So I backed up to it and here a baby was in it, I carried it to shore. There were a lot of women sitting on a log, so T. gave them the baby. I later found out it was Jerry Dunn's baby, they gave it drops of brandy to make it survive it was only 2 days old. I went on down the shore found a Rock place made a fire to dry my clothes; my eyes were very badly blistered. I could hardly see, T went too look around came back and some people had taken my place. I left and went back to Cobalt. My eyes were really bad. I never did get to my sister's. She was safe. Thanks to the wind changing. Jerry Dunn was cage tender at the mine, that's how I found out whose baby it was.

The Original Find 

McKinley and Darragh worked for the railroad. They were cutting ties at the end of Long Lake to swim. They saw something shining in the water, later found out it was silver. They started staking claims in 1903. F.G.Chopin bought it from them for $30,000 then sold it for $300,000. They blasted out vein it let water into the mine then built proper dam, to keep out the water. We had an aerial tramway from the Savage to McKinley Mill. There must have been at least 100 or more mines working then Raspberries grew all over. We would a pail full before I went to work all wild berries.

1908 fire in Cobalt 

All Lang St. burnt. I remember seeing a 3 storey cake, and was going to come back for it. When I finally got finished fighting fire and came back the cake was gone I remember one load of freight being delivered to a merchant by horse. They later found out it wasn't Laurentian water but bottles full of Whiskey to Kelley’s drug store. We also found kegs of whiskey in store, Dr. Armstrong I helped every time there was a fire pull out the hose reels.

1911 another fire:

But can't remember what burnt. Charles is a remarkable elderly gentleman his memory just fantastic. The only thing that was he was worried him when I was there was he was going to try his driving test again. When you're over a certain age you must try every year. He was really striving because actually his only outing is taking his car to town everyday And as he said my eye sight and hearing are still perfect. I sure hope I'm the same way at 89


Lucy Damiani Feb. 28, 1972
7 - 8 p.m.
1. Joseph Avit Despres
2.
3. Elizabeth Bourque (Mrs. J. Despres)
4. 5 Laird St.
5. 679- 8381
6. 62 years old
7. Gaspe, Que.
8. Gaspe Peninsula
9. Great Grandfather from France Grandmother and Grandfather from Gaspe.
10. In September 1906
11. By boat to Quebec City by train from Montreal
12. By way of North Jay T.N.O. railway (Temiskaming Northern Ontario)
13. Mother, Father and ten children
14. Started working in a grocery store at 11 years of age part-time, later full time
15. Born in Corbeil - wife came to Elk Lake by boat from Latchford. She was left without mother and father so an aunt in Elk Lake looked after her then she went to North Bay to live with another sister -came to Cobalt to be married in 1920.
16. Retired - worked for Hydro (then Northern Ontario Lighting Power) for 47 years before retiring.
17. Housewife.
18. I thought it was a really booming community.
19. It was so busy you couldn't even walk on the sidewalks. There was all tar paper shacks wooden sidewalks, big log buildings and the road was mud everyone wore big boots.
20. Came because of the boom and everyone said it was easy to get work.
21. Mining and logging - cutting posts for shacks.
22. Ten hours a day
23. Muckers were making $1.25 per hour  helpers $1.50 per hour and machine men $2.00 per hour.
24. A log 2 storey building on Railroad street.
25. We hung our socks at the end of the bed and were lucky to get an orange or an apple.
26. Water from 'Long Lake" now Cobalt Lake, good drinking water.
27. No electricity just kerosene gas lamps. There was gas lamps downtown for lighting operated by charcoal.
28. Wood stove for cooking.
29. Wood for heating too - it was plentiful and we hauled our own wood for winter supply.
30. All kinds of stores and some wholesale - Taylor Hardware, Northern Canada - Sullivan and Shillington wholesales.
31. Baseball and skating dancing roller skating, swimming
32. Baseball and hockey - our baseball team was something with a lot of imports from Iron Mountain Michigan.
33. Ste Theresa's School before fire. English & French after fire in 1909 they separated and there was a French School and an English School.
34. Grade 8
35. Horse and street Cars, no cars until later years.
36. Dr. Ruthier
37. Pest house for fever cases at mileage 104 and a well equipped Red Cross Hospital in town.
38. First child born in Cobalt
39. Francis 17, Jean 16, All the boys went to High School and quit at about age 17.
40. Francis at Woolworths. Albert at Cobalt Foundry. Tom at Dominion Store Roland Salesman for Canada Packers.
41. In those days they didn't have safety measures and more men lost their lives.
42. Hand drilling, mucking contests fireman’s tournament. The rocks they used for drilling are at Clear Lake and the contests were always held July 1st.
43. Plenty of meat, vegetables, sold by market or venders, and we used to get free fruit when they were going to throw it out at Gamble Robinson wholesale.
44. Depending on what shift you worked sometimes the main meal was dinner sometimes Supper.
45. Christmases you looked forward to Santa Claus and when we got an orange or an apple it was something.
46. Work clothes on weekdays we wore running shoes in summer and moccasins in winter.
47. On Sundays we wore good clothes but we always took them off to go and play.
48. First we had to go to church then baseball, swimming or skating depending on the season.
49, Just pictures lost everything in 1908
50. Like it here, it’s quiet and we have good municipal government
51. Because I've been here and it feels good to be here.
52. People are looking after their building and property
53. I think all the changes that have been made were for the betterment of the town.
54. No I like it the way it is.
55. I like it.
56. Just changes that would boost our little town and bring people in. I'm not too sure what could be in - perhaps the governing bodies have some idea.
57. Well maybe, tourist attraction is one answer.
58. Fall first because I like to hunt. Summer next because it’s great to get outdoors after being in all winter.
59. Fishing and hunting, watching TV
60. Fishing and hunting.
61. Another industry I think would definitely help keep people here and bring others in
62. Tourist industry.
63. If we treat the tourist nice they'll come back also we have much to offer in the way of natural spots, lakes for fishing, bush for hunting and many historical sites like Old Mission, Drummond Memorial, Ragged Chutes and many others.



Carmen Stubinski April 23, 11- hours
1.Roland Despres'
2. Red
4. Corner Silver and Prospect
5. 679-8256
6. 43 years old
7. Cobalt
8. Father was born in Gaspe Bay, Mother - North Bay
9. My dad came to Cobalt in 1907. Mother and dad were married in Cobalt’s 1920. I was born here in 1928.
13. 6 of us
14. merchant
15. book keeper
16. butcher
17. school teacher
18. We always thought Cobalt was the best town
21. Cobalt foundry, TTL, I worked at Dominion Store
22. 8 to 15 hours
5. 1943 I was paid $15. per week
25. Went to church. The Christmas tree was never in the house till Xmas morning. When we got up there was the tree. We all had at least one or two toys. Candies and fruit were the big thing.
26. Water in house'
28. Cook stove, wood and coal
29. Quebec heater coal
30. Aussie Candy Store. Mr. Aussie made his own candy. Mary Aussie always carried a bottle of wine. It was nothing to see her feeling good on the streets. Mrs. Jodouin Confectionery; Rava's Grocery, Fauvelle Grocery, Dworksi's
grocery, Malonin's grocery, Charlie Smiths grocery near the bridge,
Puhakas dairy, Connelly's dairy, Thibeault's dairy - Belanger the ice-man one arm.
31. Community Hall, dancing every night, meeting the train at 7 p.m. on Sunday was a big thing.
32. Hockey, baseball, swimming at Peterson lake was the place we all went
to where I was young
3. St. Theresa's school
34. 10 years
35, street cars, buses
36. Dr. Hector Joyal'
37. I remember the V-joint walls in the old Cobalt hospital.
38. Haileybury
41. Dad worked for Hydro. He worked every mine in Cobalt. I remember Capt. Presse leasing, Mr. Hartley leasing
47. old clothes
46. Always a suit, white shirt and tie.
47. Church twice a day
48. I've got a clipping of a former NHL game between Cobalt and Montreal won
50. It’s the people that make the town it’s like no other place. There's no other place like Cobalt.
51. They cleaned the town up. New sidewalks, new parks.
52. ONR station closing. Freight office going to New Liskeard and tearing it down here. ONR long distance moving to New Liskeard also Northern Telephone and Hydro office. We've lost so much, business and pay rolls,
56. Would like to see the restoration program go through to the fullest.
57. Fall hunting. Then the hockey starts. I like the NHL hockey games the best above anything 'else. I like the Montreal Canadians
59. Hunting.
62. Historical back ground. Mining tours. Mining museum, The rocks are beautiful good drinking water, good beaches, and rock collectors.
61. tourists, city people ,create more industry to make more jobs

Highlights

Mr. Despres owns .the most unique building in town. It was the former
Coniagas mine property. The shaft is in the centre of the building and the building built around it. He also has lots of ledgers - from the former owner -Mr. Giachino.

Carmen Stubinski April 21,1972    1 1/2   hours
1. Therese Despres (Mrs. Roland)
2. Ten,
3. Therese Villeneuve
4. Corner of Silver and Prospect. Coniagas Mine Shaft The shaft with a house built around it, The
5. 679-8256
6. 38 yrs. old
7. Timmins
8. My dad Philip Villeneuve was born in Latulipe. He came to Cobalt at 2 yrs. old was raised here and went to School here. My mother Jeanne Cote was raised on Earl St. Cobalt went to school here. Both were married in Cobalt lived here one year then moved to Timmins
9. Timmins
10. married in 1954 moved to Cobalt as a bride
14. merchant
15. bookkeeper
16 butcher
17. school teacher
18. To me it was like coming home. I was here most of the time at Grandmothers house and her cottage at Loon Lake
21. Most of the mines were working, mill work, there were lots of jobs then. We went into business and we did a good business as there was lots of work
24. When we first came here it was a 3 room apartment store below, shaft in centre of building. It is the original Coniagas Mine Mr. Giachino used the shaft for a refrigerator when he had his original store here. There are several of his ledgers here yet. Several tenants had it before we bought it we remodeled made new walls, floors, put in new heating system. Put on new siding. Made 2 bedrooms into one, and fixed up an extra bedroom. It’s not private, right downtown. It’s not what I like. Would like to get a home with a back yard.
25. Went home to Timmins for Christmas
30. Dominion Store, Eric Smith men’s wear, Olives Ties wear, TBS, Bucks, Woolworths, Mr., Rowdon, Tom Black, Phil Cain's furniture.
31. show, classic, arena
35. buses
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Haileybury Hospital
39. Too young
42. Dad was a mechanic at Oliver Blais Garage on Silver Street
45. slacks
46. always our best clothes
47. Church first go to cottage and have picnics
48. Grandmother’s platter.
49. It looks so much better than it used to as one time when we first went into business and came here to live. There were all old people here. Now they are all mostly young people. Silver street north from one corner up were all old people with the exception of Mrs. MacMillan and it’s nice to see these young people fixing up their homes.
52. Don't like the mines closing down and the payrolls going out of town. We have no dentist no drug store.
53. no
55. I guess this town has taken a beating they've taken everything out of this town nothing put back in. I would like to see the government put this town or area to attract tourism. More exploration on new properties that could make new mines.
summer
58. show, play cards, hockey games
59. read enjoy, the show
60. create more industry
61. city people - tourists
62. history cradle of the north - mining tours mining museum (it could be en1Frged) The rocks for rock hounds, good beaches. The best drinking water, sportsman paradise with hunting and fishing - artists paradise

Highlights

Mrs. Despres said one night when they were sleeping they could hear this noise couldn't figure out what it was. Someone's boys had climbed the roof and were up in the top of the shaft playing.


Lucy Damiani April 18, 1972
1 hour
Reg Doan
2. Irma Dalan (wife)
3. 109 Earl St.
4. 679-8291
5. Shift Sergeant, Dept of Correctional Services
6. Cobalt Ontario
7. Manitoulin Island
8. Married - 2 children
9. 43 years old
10. My impression of Cobalt is that it is a nice quiet unpretentious place to live with plenty of clean air and water. It has always had excellent educational facilities up to and including High School level. It is presently a very depressed town economically because of unemployment. There are little or no job opportunities and no immediate prospects for improvement. Yes changes should be made in Cobalt some year by way of local improvement such as sewer and water line replacements, widening of streets, construction of homes etc. _or else one day we shall wake up to find the total cost too prohibitive _and cheaper to abandon the town. Very little changes have occurred in Cobalt over the years. Planning by locals and provincial governments will possibly help bring about necessary changes. I trust there will be time for nostalgia at some future date. Right now I haven't the time and there are many recollections.
I have through the years collected some mining souvenirs and I have quite a few photos. As teenagers my wife and I worked as clerks in local stores. My first job paid $7. a week. I have had a variety of local jobs since. Local wages were never very high. Those in search of higher wages have always had to leave the area. I have spent most of my working life commuting to distant
jobs and I am presently employed in Sudbury. In the early days we lived mostly in wooden frame buildings and they were heated by coal and wood stoves. Now most homes are fairly new or well constructed some old ones completely renovated with all the modern appliances and for heat most have converted to oil, gas or electrical heat. Cobalt was at one time the shopping centre of the area, with stores and shops of all kinds. But it’s now reduced to barest minimum and most residents shop elsewhere to find variety and lower prices. The town's history is in the making id the telling of it is best left to someone less subjective than I could ever be. For those who like outdoor sports and activity we have always had and still have a great variety to choose from. The town has a bowling alley, theatre skating rink, pool hall and many assorted clubs and group activities.


Lucy Damiani April 26, 1972
10:15 - 11:00
Lloyd Doan
3. 12 Silver Street, Cobalt
4. None
5, retired
6. Manitoulin Island, Shequiandah. Lake port post office, grocery store it’s a little farming area with about 100 people.
7. Mother in Hagersville. Father in Norwich - close to Tillsonburg area
8. married
9. 72 years old, born Jan. 1900.
10. The town I think is in fair shape. It’s been a long time since I've seen so much building going on the 30's were a lot worse than things are now because in those days there were no benefits or welfare. All you could buy were some beans and a piece of salt pork and you lived on them. I feel there isn't too much we can do to change things around Cobalt. We are too far away from the markets down south to get any industries going all we can do is count on our mining lumbering, and farming in the area. There are not too many job facilities, when the mines slow up so does everything else. We have small industries in our smelter,
Foundry and Temiskaming Testing Laboratories. I think it’s a good thing we have Sherman mine to take up some of the unemployment and it helps us out because there are a few men from Cobalt employed there. I come from a real tourist area, Manitoulin Island and I believe me they have a lot to offer a tourist. Here everything is on a small scale. There isn't enough to see and we would have to build it up tremendously to make it attractive to tourists, if you are driving on a holiday and looking for a place to stay you'll have to bypass Cobalt as there isn't
too much in accommodation and our season is so short it would have to be a year round attraction with winter sports as well as summer activities. You know Henry Ford and Lady Astor have summer places on an island close to Manitoulin they have their own island and have a caretaker there the year around. You have to be able to show them more than just a mine shaft, or a small museum. I'm not knocking the museum it’s a very good one but it wouldn't take a person too long to go through it then where does the tourist go. I think municipal government is doing a terrific job for a small town. I am retired and I lay taxes and they are reasonable The education facilities or recreation are of no interest to me, but I'm sure it’s a good thing for the town to have a recreation program and also keep up
standard of the schools. I first came to Cobalt in Dec. 1923. How did I come to be in Cobalt? It’s a long story. I was working out in West Regina for a whole sale horse dealer - in fall when freeze-up came I wanted to go home. I had saved some money and the boss made a deal with me. Deliver this team of horses to a mine in Silver Centre called the Cora Lorain and then you can go home. When I got to Silver Centre with my cargo the man offered me a job driving the team of .horses so I took the job and have been here ever since. About 7 6 months later I bought a team of horses and started working on my own - general delivering.
I remember you delivering for our store when I was a youngster Mr. Doan. You delivered for us in the winter months because there were no plowed roads like there are today for cars. I also delivered for other stores, Pete McEwen, the Dominion Store, George Taylor, Tommy Black and Rowdon hardware sometimes, I also worked for the Nipissing Mining Corp, O'Brien Mine - the mine used to truck the men to their shift and for 7 years I brought the 4 a.m. shift home, I drove a truck for. Hubert Audette in 1951 - 1952 for his dynamite contract used to go to Nobel load it on and deliver it to the mines here. I was driving the town fire truck taking turns at the 3 shifts in late 1952. I started. I was a paid driver. The volunteer firemen were only paid for fires they went to I stayed with the town as fire truck driver for thirteen years. I worked for two summers on the railroad extra gang. I retired in 1968. I think the fire department in Cobalt started in 1905 or 1906. It was a team of horses then. I think they bought their first truck in 1923 and I'm sure they bought the second one in 1929. When I started Hubert Audette was fire chief - then later it was Harry Cooper - he quit the  same time I did.
Well I guess that about all for my life in Cobalt. Oh yes, one more thing, I remember very well just a minute I'll show you this newspaper clipping.
Some people don't believe it, but I'll let you keep the clipping for a while so you can show people - here it is.
Special to the Star - Dec, 5
Ship silver Cargo Valued at 330,000. Reported largest bullion consignment from Cobalt. By far the largest shipment of pure silver ever made from the Cobalt camp left here, in a special express car last night for New York. Made by the Nipissing Mining Co., it consisted of 450 bars of refined bullion containing 505,038 troy ounces valued on today's prices of $330,000. The shipment is a
portion of the reserves held in storage since the drop in price several years ago.
You know people still don't believe when you tell them that all this silver was unguarded. I know when I made this shipment delivered to the station to be sent away I was the only one accompanying the silver, Now at the station that day there was a travelling salesman leaving on the same train and he said to me what's that When I told him it was silver he didn't believe me said you think I'm crazy or
Something that's just Babbitt nobody would transfer or ship that much ore unguarded. And that's the end of my story. Thank you Mr. Doan for your interview and the clipping. I'll see you get it back.


Joanna Stubinski
March 1,1972 1 1/2 hours

1. Mrs. Aurore Dunn         
2. Dawn
3. Primeau
4. 10 Nickel
5. 679-8282
6. 56
7, South Porcupine
8. Mother - Buckingham,Que. Father - Pembroke,Ont.
9. Ottawa valley
10. 1918
11. train
12. T.N.O. Railway and C.P.R.
13. 4
14. Miner'
15. Housewife
16. dead
17. Housekeeper
17a. Husband was in the army in Germany when war ended. He was a private
18. Dawn remembers people everywhere, streets full, very hard to move downtown with the crowds.
19. High sidewalks and stores down Lang St. to bridge.
20. Father came here to work so came with parents when only 3
21. mining and lumbering
22. At 14 Dawn did housework for people - worked a full day
23. $15. a month
24. 3 storey house where old French school was. A huge kitchen with 2 bedrooms in an apartment house.
25. They were living in a rented house from McGale then had no trees but remember waking up and found a new doll tied to the bed with stocking full of goodies. Went to relatives in 104 for big dinner.
26. in the house.
27. electricity
28. wood stove
29. wood stove
30. all kinds - shops lines to right away bridge on both sides of street. Belanger's - Saumier clothing store and many others. Towards the O'Brien. Mrs. Roberge had hardware store. Joe Robitaille grocery.
31. Shows - movies - few dances
32. Baseball, skating, in own yard had own playground with monkey bars etc.
33, yes
34. 8
35. street cars - horse and buggies - later on houses and cars.
36. Dr. Taylor - very kind man - just like a father
37. very primitive had appendix removed there - great big ward during depression.
38. Kirkland Lake.
39. Faye went to university - was 22 when started teaching. Sandra also went to university taught high school at 22.
40. Faye in Cobalt. Sandra in North Bay.
41. Don't know
42.
43. meat, potatoes, vegetables and desserts.
44. same
45. Housedresses
46. Dressed up to the hilt - from morning till night.
47. Went to Church - went for walks and met boys. Mr. McAdams had radio station across the lake - used to listen to her husband Bill sing on the radio and swoon. CKCM - Cobalt.
48. Husband’s mother's dishes - old love seat from Lindsay's bought in 1944.
49. it's small - everything in walking distance and likes the people.
50. Answer above.
51. good roads and sidewalks.
52. Would like street cars again.
53. no.
54.
55. yes.
56. restaurants and stores - clothing and shoes
57. summer and fall.
58. Arts and crafts - sewing, going to shows and eating out.
59. oil painting and pottery.
60. more jobs available some industry without pollution - good clothing stores.
61. nice people - rich men
62. Fishing, hunting, swimming, museum, mining tours, beverage rooms and good motel.

Highlights

Dawn remembers when the whole family would go for the summer to Martineau
Bay to camp pick blueberries and sell them. They would get up at dawn pick till evening eat swim and build a big bonfire sit around and sing. This was one way of earning extra money in the summer also there were more blueberries then.

Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 26
Interview Length of Interview: 4 3/4. hrs
1. Dr. Herbert Dunning
2.
3.
4. 58 Nickel Street, Cobalt, Ontario
5. 679-5665
6. 65 yrs old
7. Cumberland Ont,
8. Cumberland Ont,
9. Father united Empire Loyalist, Mother Ontario
10. 1937
11. Car
12. Highway 17 to North Bay
13. Came as a bachelor in 1937. Took over Dr. G. Cases practice in Cobalt. The office is where Todd’s is today. In that office the Drs. before me were Dr. Hare McLaren, was in the Hunter Block--Dr. W. C. Arnold worked with Dr. McLaren for a few months when he first came North, before going to Haileybury. After Dr. Charles Hare--Dr. Taylor--Dr. Mitchell--Dr. Schmitt and Dr. Wallingford
14. Student Dr. Interned at Ottawa Civic Hospital. Then went to  Cornerbrook Newfoundland before coming to Cobalt.
15. school teacher
16. Physician surgeon,
17. Homemaker
18. Very unfavorable after my year in Newfoundland. I had 7 wks. holiday. With some friends we toured Northern Ont. Timmins Cochrane. I remember on our way through Cobalt going back to Newfoundland looking back over my head and saying I wouldn't want to live there.
19. 80 families on direct relief, there were about 3,000 people herein 1937-38 about 1,000 left for jobs elsewhere. There were lots of empty houses cheap.
20. Came to Cobalt because Dr. Wallingford phoned me and told me Dr. G. Chase. was leaving and there was an opening
21. More Mining then than now. Exclusive Mining town
22. Around the clock
23. First month made $60.00
24. Stayed at the Fraser house. The hole second floor was occupied by school teachers only, Mamie Reeves one of the school teachers knew all that was going on she never missed a trick
25. Went home to Ottawa
26. 1 had Hot and cold water-There was no hot water in every room at the Fraser House
27. Hydro
28. Ate in dining room
29. The furnace was an iron fire well stocked with Loft coal
30. Better than they are today. We had George Taylor Hardware, Vellis, Bert Oughs
meat market, with sawdust on the floor and Woolworths.
31. 3 Badminton, parties, dances, golfing
33.
34. 20 yrs.
35. cars, bus, trains
36.
37. They were few. The former Cobalt mines Hospital became the Municipal Hospital.
The mines gave it up and the town took it over. It was an old wooden 3 story building(stood in front of the nurses residence which is Buffams funeral home today) There was no elevator frequently after surgery or operations, I would have to put the patient across my back and carry them to bed up the long narrow stairs. It was an open ward for men.
38. Cobalt Mines Hospital Jan 22, 1941
39. Seven went to School and on to University and still going to university
40. No one went to work they went through school first. Worked for me summer months only.
41. more mines then that now
42.
43.
44.
45. Same as on Monday, tires etc.
46. My Uzi suit
47. When I fell in love I had most of my Sunday dinners at the Silver queens ( Mrs. Dunning's family had moved from Red Jacket to Silver Queen property). Dr. Dunning says he was severely critized when he didn't open his office up on Sunday. He was the first Dr.ever in Cobalt to close his office on Sunday
48. Still have my old love seat, couch and roll up desk in perfect condition from the original Dr. office
49. friendly people
50. Its home
51. Maggy told you
52.
53.
54.
55. yes
56. Would like to see a secondary industry come 50 miles to the North, 30 to the south we have iron mines. These pellets are shipped to Hamilton. They could be shipped here and reduced to iron. There are 110 cars of iron pellets going south every day that could be processed in the community as a primary Industry. Beautiful location flat ground at Gillies. Adequate water supply and transportation that would bring other
things as well such as an iron smelter, would invariably in variable ancillary industry.
57. Spring and summer
58. Swimming and fishing
59, Collecting old furniture
60. In certain 175 job would take up the slack
61. Geologists are still interested
62. Conglomerated overate, rich rock on Galena St.
It was something to hear Postmaster major Holland recite Dr. Drummond’s poetry with his French accent. Major Holland composed the wedding in Mattawa himself and recited it in broken English—Wish I had a tape recording of the Major reciting
One time I spoke to Paddy Fleming. He and his friend O'Conner can't remember his first a name, were good friends of Henry Drummond. They use to go to his home in Kerr Lake and play cards with Henry D. Dr. Drummond had 2 valets in his house, one to cook, clean and do the household chore. The other one looked after his clothes and personal belongings. Dr. Drummond died in his home at Kerr Lake. When he died Dr. Drummond. Paddy Fleming and O'Conner Couldn't go to the house where he was waked. The Drummond family of Montreal were hardware merchants--Always had a private railroad car of their own. The Drummond family when traveling always traveled in their own private car. across Canada etc. When it came time for the remains to be shipped to Montreal for Burial. The private car was sent up from Montreal for the body. Paddy Fleming and O'Connor were remains to Cobalt Station. There places in the Drummond private car. Paddy Fleming and O'Connor went to Montreal for the funeral. Dr. Drummond was married to Mae Harley.
Dr. Dunning feels humble and can't express his gratitude on how he feels about Dunning Drive being named after him. He didn't dream of this happening. Dr. Dunning when he is in the mood and has free time enjoys playing the piano and real old music.
Dr. Dunning is a dedicated Dr. 24 hrs. around the clock. no outside relaxations.
Went to interview the Dr. he had a call out as Coroner to Belle Valley. So interviewed Mrs. Dunning till Dr. returned.

Carmen Stubinski February 26, 1972.
1. Margaret Dunning (Mrs. of Dr. H. Dinning)
2. May.
3. Margaret Martin'
4. 58 Nickel St., Cobalt,Ont.
5.679-5665
6. 58
7. Red Jacket Mine Property, Cobalt, Mileage 101.
8. Mother and Dad both came from Liverpool England.
9. England.
10. Feb. 2, 1914
11.
12.
13. 5 of us.
14. Doctor
15. School teacher
16. Doctor
17. Homemaker a woman always on the job. 17a. at end of this report.
18.
19.
20.
21. The mills and mines
22. 9 to 4
23. $87. per month when I first started to teach in 1932.
24. Log cabin, a low upstairs, but we could walk in it. huge big kitchen and living room without door facilities.
25. Typical English Christmas always had a Christmas pudding, turkey, and
always got a bought Christmas stocking a large red net one filled with toys
I remember one Christmas we got new ski's for Christmas and we had no snow.
26. There was no water in the house, about half way up the hill; there was an open cut (mine workings) not too wide but very deep. Dad took heavy planking boarded up over the opening with a door to open when we wanted water it was
a trap door. We had a long rope with a pail on it. It was wound around a
log with a handle, can't remember what the handle was made of. Each time
we wanted water we would open the trap door, let the pail down and get our water. It was so clear and cold and good water.
27. We used coal oil lamps and lit a candle to go to the bedrooms in when
going to bed.
28. Wood stove - long flat stove with no back, a reservoir, made of cast iron. We burnt wood.
29. Quebec heater in living room. We used wood.
30. Pete McEwen, Gillis Candy store, Pugsley's grocery and candy store where Mary Kelly lives today. After Pugsley Tallon took over that store. Rod and Deacon Shoe Store. A.K.Batta Shoe store. Millinery Shop, McDermott’s Exclusive ladies wear, Nick Costo was the shoemaker and of course the market underneath the Town Hall behind the station - where we bought fresh meat and vegetables.
31. Sleigh riding. We had a large dog we always hitched to one toboggan and dog sleigh.
32. Skating and skiing.
33. St. Patrick's1Haileybury High School - started high school at 12 -graduated at 17 and we carried 10 subjects then. Attended teachers college.
34. 12. 1 took University subjects and went to summer school for courses.
35. Shanks ponies. Walked 2 miles to school morning and night. Rode the street car to Haileybury every day for 30 per day. Deliveries were horse’s buggies and cutters.
36. old Dr. Cain, Dr. Case and Dr. Mitchell.
37. Cobalt Mines hospital.
38. Cobalt mines hospital Jan. 22, 1941
39. Seven of them went to school and university.
40. No one went to work. The boys worked around the house and Dr's office painting etc. in summer time.
41. more mines and mills than there are now.
42. Used to have races around Cobalt Lake. They would start at the YMCA - run around the lake this was open to boys 15 and 16. My brother won a silver trophy. Always had a dog derby. They would once start at the Y go to West Cobalt and back
43. Lunch pail
44. at night.
45. I can remember thick fleece lined slips. Long wool stockings, toque, long scarf, wool mitts, Red felt boots & moccasins.
46. Best clothes, always changed when we got home from Church. Always a straw hat in summer, skirt and middle short socks, sandals, Pongee silk blouses. Always a hair ribbon in my hair.
47. Walked to Bass Lake to swim with my brothers.
Still have a silk apron and hankie my dad bought me home from France 1919, after the 1st world war. Old book case from our original home. It’s full of old books.
49. Home and friendly.
50. friendly
51. paved streets, updating the town.
52.
53.
54.
55. Some secondary industry.
56.
57. Summer
58. Dr's wife
59. No.
60. tourists
61.
62. Artist paradise, mining tours, museum.
63.
17a. I can remember when the war was over in 1919 the train came in loaded with soldiers hanging out of the windows. That was the first time I saw my dad, because he went to war when I was a baby. The men were shouting and yelling and the train slowed down at Red Jacket Mine (Mileage 101) The bags flew off the train first and off jumped my dad. I was so thrilled to see him.
I was the only girl.

Highlights

Went to interview Dr. Dunning at 7:45 but got to question 22. He got a call to go out as coroner around 8:30. So I interviewed Mrs. Dunning while we waited for him to come home.
Mrs. Dunning being born and raised in Cobalt raised a large family has lots of memories. Her father Reeve Martin was a colorful figure every day till the year he died, at the age of 94. He went for a long walk around town.
Very interesting woman to be interviewed.
My father was a former reeve of Coleman Township for 25 years. He never worked in the mines. He worked for, Pipe and Presley always worked in the grocery business. Later worked for Reckin wholesale till they went out of business. He was born in 1869 died 1962 at the age of 94.
I can remember suitcases (brown large ones full of liquor thrown off the train on the side of the track). These were prohibition days. They would land anywhere along the track because we lived one mile out of town. We used to see this. Someone would always come along and pick the cases up. We were always too afraid to go near. Can remember a Rodeo once at the ball park at West Cobalt.
Last baby to be born in the old mines hospital was Denise McAlpine Feb. 22, 1941
We walked to Bass lake till the time to go swimming. There was a pump at house there in those days it used to supply Cobalt with water. The pipes went from Bass Lake to Short Lake on to Cobalt. From the pump house we would walk the pump lines. No-one swam at Bass lake in those days. There was a big saw dust pile where the beach is today. In those days Bass Lake was called Cassidy's siding. The spurs line for the train to Silver Centre was near Pete Villas. Also a small shelter for people to catch the train to Silver Centre. I went to Silver Centre once on the train to seewhat it was like.



Carmen Stubinski April 10, 1972 /76
Interview Time 1 1/4 hrs.
1. Emma Duval (Mrs. Edmund)
3. Emma McGee
4. 89 Jamieson St., Cobalt
5. 679-5705
6. 84 yrs. old
7. Eardley, Quebec
My Grandparents came from Ireland and Scotland
8. Quebec
10. My husband came here in 1905. The railroad didn't go any farther than Cobalt. He was a carpenter.
11.I came to Haileybury in 1920.
12.We were married in 1910 in Luskville, Que. We had Albert, Blanche, Morris and Eileen we lived in Haileybury a short time. Then we moved to St. Eugene de Gigue. We built a house and moved to North Cobalt we lived there 10 yrs. and moved to Cobalt in 1939.
14. Carpenter
15. I never worked
16.I always like Cobalt. We didn't get the storms they always seemed to blow over Cobalt not in Comparison with Guigues. We got so much snow there it was awful.
17.All kinds of mines were going. Everything seemed to be going fine. There's an awful change now. There isn't near the work there was then. There are lots of people idle. In Haileybury we had water in the house. I cooked with a cook stove. It's the same as it is now.
35. Street cars, trains
36. Dr. Hector Joyal
37. Machame, Quebec
39. All went to school, but started to work quite young
48. Old pictures
49. I think it’s a wonderful place to stay in. The majority that leave seem to come back here to live
51. There has been. I like the big new store and the new motel we needed it so bad. The Fraser Hotel is in a disgraceful condition. It’s so run down and dirty. The new
street lights, parks, it’s just grand in Cobalt. Here its clean air.
52. I don't like the hippies, boys and girls I like Cobalt
55. I would like to see the mines reopen with everybody working, everything goes good
58. Bingos, visitors
59. I knit, crochet, sew make all my own aprons, knit last yr and made of $40...I still do all my own housework and washing.
60. Instead of fixing up the park at Sharp Lake, why didn't they finish the parks in Cobalt? The first thing the money will be all spent and there won’t' be anything done
61. Tourists.
62. We got sightseeing.

Mose and Andy joined the army. They were both injured overseas. They were in Belgium France and Germany in the Algonquin Regiment. Moses was with George Cassidy, Bob Herbert and Gordie Watts.
Mrs. Duval at 84 has still very good sense of humor. She has stocks of pillow cases she has embroidered She does very good work.



Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski Date: March 13, 1972
Interview: Time: 1 1/2 hrs.
1. Ronald Elomaa
2. Ron
3.
4. 28 Cobalt St. Cobalt
5. 679-8452
6. 32
7. Rouyn, Quebec
8. Mother born in Cobalt, Dad came from Finland
9. Kirkland Lake
10. 1940 arrived at Fountain Falls 1943 moved to Notch, 1948 returned to live in Cobalt
11. Car
12. South-West
13. 3 of us
14. Apprentice for Mechanical Welder
15. Clerk
16. Mechanic H.D.
17. Housewife
18. too young
19. Lots more than we have now
20. Came because my dad worked for the Hydro Northern Power before the name was changes. My grandfather Sanio came to Cobalt in 1906, My grandmother in 1910 from Finland
21. Started to work at the pop factory at 15 yrs. old
22. 8
23. 28 per week
24. 2 story frame house. This is the same house for mother and dad
25.
26. in house
27. Hydro
28. Wood stove
29. Homemade furnace, burnt coal to wood
30. Every kind, Hardware, discount, Farmers market. Lots of Grocery Stores
31. same as now made own entertainment
32. Chase bears through the bush
33. Cobalt Public
34. 8 yrs. apprentice 5 yrs. off and on to school
35. Bus, cars, trains
36. Dr, Dunning
37. Can't remember
38. Haileybury
39. too young
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45. Jeans running shoes
46. Best clothes
47. visiting
48. pictures
49. Its home
50. It’s a quite place, Handy to fishing and hunting
51. Cleaned town up of old shacks
52. A lot of payrolls have left town
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. Would like to see more employment of some kind anything that is pollution free
57. fall
58. camping, hunting, fishing, skidooing
59. Collecting guns make my own bullets, home ammunition
60. They have to create something. Maybe open mines again. The price of silver to go up. We should concentrate on our own raw materials and metals right here. Would like to see the smelter open again with modern equipment pollution free
61. Tourists
62. Outdoor sports, sightseeing, fishing, hunting. Lots to offer to hobby hunters, collecting rocks unique picture taking museum, god beaches, beautiful scenery
Talking about pollution. Shoveling the snow at home there are black layers in the snow
The same thing when you are out in the bush skidooing. Something is polluting our air. No
one is burning coal in town What is doing it in the bush?
Elomaa's dog took a convulsion when I was there. Was scared through the whole interview.


Joanna Stubinski March 1, 1972
1 1/2 hours
1. Mrs. Cam Eno
2. Barbara
3. Fraboni
4. 26 Nickle
5. 679-5773
6. 38
7. Cobalt
8, Mom in Cobalt, Dad in Coppercliff
9. Cobalt
10. Born here.
11.
12.
13. Just mother and father
14. Dad worked with railroad - Lawlor's and mined
15. Housewife
16. Barber - if hair styles don't get shorter he'll soon have to look for
other job.
17. Housewife
18. Remembers it always being the same as now.
19.
20.
21. Mining wholesale houses - railroad
22. Worked for Ont. Northland communications 8 hours a day
23. $50. a week
24. On Cobalt St. Ellen Giffin's house - nice and small
25. It was a great time - they were a big family and had lots of toys
26. in the house
27. Electricity
28. wood stove
29. coal
30. Buck's, T.B.S. Cain's furniture, Woolworth's - Dominion - McEwen’s grocery
store.
31. Odd dance and show.
32. Skating - school sports
33. Yes
34. 11
35. Train - buses - cars
36. Dr. Case
37. Big building it was just a hospital - was never in it.
38. Cobalt
39. Too young
40.
41.
42. no.
43.
44. Ordinary
45. dresses
46. Dressed up
47. went to church - for walks
48. Picture - baby in old fashioned cradle - with guardian angel, present from grandmother.
49. It's home, it's friendly
50
51. Buildings spruced up - town looks much better.
52. no.
53. Too much bad publicity.
55. yes
56. see it boom again - street signs
57. summer and fall
58. stays at home.
59. knitting - crocheting, making rugs
60. some kind of industry
61. people that had money to invest
62. Historic sites - fishing, hunting in both summer and winter - mining tours museum.


Highlights

Barbara is a very quiet person spends all her time at home cleaning and look-ing after her 2 girls. She was married late in life. But she said she enjoys it at home - as long as she remembers she has always been this way.




Carmen Stubinski March 14,1972      3 hrs.
1. Harry Beeson
2.
3.
4. 80 Jamieson St., Cobalt
5. 679-5626
6. 78
7. Everton, England on the outskirts of Liverpool.
8. England
9, 1901 came to Canada to Que. In 1912 me and a bunch of lumber jacks came by train from Ottawa to Mattawa, From Mattawa we came by boat up Lake Temiskaming  to Haileybury. We got a street car to Cobalt ended up at the end of Argentite St., where Jake Koza lives today. We stayed overnight in Hotel in Haileybury. There was a man there by the name of Fisher. We were working for Bronson lumber Co. From Haileybury we went about 15 miles north. It must have been north of New Liskeard. The bush was very, thick. We cut wood for a couple of months. Then we went out to First Brooke Spring Creek at the West Road of Haileybury about 7 miles out. We worked there all winter. They were sawing lumber all winter 1200 ft. a day. They were sawing for Dunbar in Haileybury. In 1913 I went back to Buckingham Que, Went to work for Sparr Mines, doing hand steel. It was all hand steel then. Most of the mines were just opening up. They sold their Sparr to U.S.A. for false teeth and dishes at $25. per ton. In 1916 we got married and came to Cobalt to live.
10.
11. 1916
12. went went to North Bay, North to Cobalt by train
13, 2 of us, we were newly married
14. lumberjack
15. never worked out.
16. retired.
17. Housewife
18. I thought it was alright. Thought it was nice, different, Buckingham was an old town Cobalt was new. There were lots of jobs you could leave one job and get hired at another on the same day. Cobalt - there must have been at least 8000 people here then. There were
 houses and stores built solid on both sides of Lang Street. Clean out to Mileage 104 on left hand side with a wooden sidewalk. There could have been 15000 people counting Kerr Lake, and West Cobalt, There was also a wooden sidewalk all the way to Giroux Lake. Houses built on both sides of it, it's the buildings they have town down in the last few years. Cobalt was booming then. It was easier  get a job.
21. I got a job at Tretheway Mines. Lots of jobs then anywhere.
22. Underground 8 hrs. surface work 9 hrs.
23. $2.50 to $2.75 a day for surface workers with work 6 days a week sometimes Sunday;
24. Mollys store, Molly Darragh owned it. Its still across the street from St. Patricks church. We lived upstairs for a few years, We bought a log house from Bert Smith on 94 Jamieson.St. for $350. Its still there remodelled We had to get a bigger house our family was getting too big.
25. We didn't do much. The town was dry. Prohibition was here then. We used to walk to Clear Lake to Carrie's for Christmas
26. taps
27. hydro
28. wood stove, we burnt wood and coal.
29. Quebec heater, coal.
30. There were all kinds of stores.
31. We'd go to dances every week in North Cobalt, The show -Dvery time the show changed, There were 2 shows in 1916. Bijou and Grand
32. We were raised in a Shelter home. My mother died when I was 6 yrs. old. My dad was in the Boer War. My dad was killed in the Boer war. There were sixty of us came to Canada from this home in 1901. My brother and I came over together. I haven't heard or seen from him since 1901. We were taken to a British Government Home in Milton. We were out for adoption for anyone that wanted to take us. War can do something to you.
33.
34. Not too much. There was too much work to do in these days I went to grade 2 and didn't finish. I taught myself to read and write. Those farmers were terrible they made us work all the time. Mr. S.Donaldson took me out of the home. Mrs. Donaldson was a sister to the former Aaron Parcher who was Chief of Police in Cobalt for years.
55. Street cars, trains, lots of horses and buggies not too many cars then we never owned a horse.
36. Dr. Schmidt
37. Yes the Miners Hospital. The miners gave so much out of their pay day every month to keep the hospita operating. There were around 1600 miners then working In 1934 I lost my arm at the O'Brien Mill. I was in the hospital then Dr. Case operated on my arm. It was a nice little hospital. Just like home. Miss Knight was a nurse there then,
38. On Baker Street. We lived in part of a haze on 21 Baker St. I had 10 children then that too many there were no pills in those days.
39. I can't remember
40. Alson at Northern Telephone. Mostly at Woolworths the rest down town. Boys at 104 mill.
41, They were good, A good place to work in. It depended on what you were doing.
Hudson Bay, Tretheway Mines, Mining Corp. Coniagus. McKinley Darrah. Nipissing mines and O'Brien were some of the main mines operating then. I worked 14 yrs at the O'Brien mill.
42. On holidays believe me there weren't many, then mostly Labour Day. Had drilling mucking and hand steeling contests
43. Lunch pail, it was a round pail with a tin or granite cup on top. The tea was always cold. I used to boil my tea on the boiler, We used to drink green tea mostly in those day. The only time we had black tea  waas when the Minister came to visit us. Black tea was rare.
44. Depending on the shift when we have our big meal.
45. Long dresses, high boots.
46. Same style, better cloth though
47. Took kids out walking visiting my wife's wister at Clear Lake.
48. Our house burned down lost everything.
49. its home
50. friendly people
51. like the park, its nice. The new fire hall is much nicer than the old fire hal]
52.
54.
55, yes.
56. Should bring in a factory. Make stuff here instead of shipping it to the USA There are thousands of tons of iron shipped daily. We could concentrate it here. Refine it. Give our own men some work. The silver is there, but it costs too much to mine it. They can't seem to sell Cobalt anymore. It used to sell for $3, per lb. Silver 51.25 per oz. They are getting silver and Cobalt from other countries now. If they did more mining there'd be more jobs. Would like to see the smelter reopen.
57, summer. I sit outside all time when the weather permits it. My legs are bad watch TV
read
60. There is no work for them if the government would help the mines and open them up there'd be more work for miners and there's lots of people who don't want to work.
61. tourists museum, parks, good beaches, recreation.



Carmen Stubinski May 18,1972
2 hours
1. Harry Buckler
2. Prospect Ave. Cobalt, New Subdivision
5. 679-8184
6. 49 years old
7. I was born in Cobalt. Our store was burnt out in 1922 and we were staying with friends on Argentite St.
8. England, Leceister, Mother & Dad grew up together. Dad came to Cobalt 1909 He came 1908 and worked in Toronto for one year.
They were married in Cobalt 1910.  Mother came out soon as he got settled in 104 In 1909 his first store was in a tent at Mileage 104. When he had this tent store he started to build a store and house so they could move in before winter. The mud and stumps were all over the palce, The few people that were in Mileage 104 at the time built a central well and they all came to it to get water. There was a little creek that ran padt the front of the store had trout in it. The first building was a small one storey old type general store. They sold everything thread, food, clothing, hardware name it. Poisson started a general store but it didn't last long. There used to be streets of houses across the tracks in the beginning a townsite of its own. Dad delivered groceries to Giroux Lake and Kerr Lake by horse wagon or sleigh. There were 4 of us children 3 girls and one boy. The girls were all born at home in 104. The store hours were very long 8 A.M. to 11 P.M. daily except on Sunday we closed. We were burnt out right after the 1922 fire. He had a rough building up and we were back in business by Christmas.
It was a large frame 2 storey building old fashioned general store we even sold coal oil. A big ice house in the back to supply our refrigerator, Dad would get the ice in the winter and pack it in saw dust for summer use and he'd sell blocks of ice. The store was so big and built so fast it was cold. They had 4 coal stoves and one wood stove for cooking and they still couldn't keep ie warm. Mother often said it was a constant battle to keep it warm all we did was bring in coal and take out ashes.
From 1922 on, the store was too big for Mileage 104. People left and didn't rebuild after the fire.
We had a stable behind the ice house before the fire they had chickens, every one seemed to raise chickens in those days,
When Mom  first saw Cobalt she nearly keeled over couldn't believe it was so rough, after England city and paved roads.
From 1910 to 1920 they had lots of house parties. Lots of theatres. various groups had oyster dinners, They had a good time.
The store had all sizes of bins made and held spices, we sold spices by  the 3 oz. in those days. They held dry beans, peas, rice, tapioca spagetti, flour, sugar these were sold by the pound sugar and flour sold by the 100 Lb. bag,vinegar dark molasses and coal oil came by the barrel. The vinegar had a pump on the barrel. It sold by the quart or gallon. The dark molasses had a pump on it too. When it was cold we'd pump and pump the molasses barely came out. We sold molasses by the pound 2 or 3 pounds at a time. Dad bought fish straight from the coast in the winter. It came in a large white wooden box shaped like a coffin; made out of rough lumber. There was Halibut, Salmon he'd saw off what amount the people wanted in chunks. The tea came by bulk in a wooden box lined with heavy tin foil We sold it by the oz. or pound.
Apples came in wooden barrels. We'd get russets and toliman sweets or spys. After the fire Dad put a water pump in the house. We used coal oil lamps and lanterns.
Dr. Schmidt was our doctor.
I attended public school in 104. We went up to grade seven there and did grade 8 in Cobalt. I went to High School in Cobalt.
18.  I joined the army in 1942, went overseas stayed there till 1945. I belonged to the Toronto Scottish Regiment. When I returned home I went into business with Dad. Dad died in 1951. In 1954 Mother left and went to Windsor to live with my sisters she died in 1960.
I ran the store till 1958. I put in a self serve service. The hardware and clothing lines dropped off. I couldn't compete with the big stores lines deteriated such as lamps, nails, hardware and axes.
Elliott Lake and Bancroft opened up, people moved away. Mileage 104 population did drop, no more new buildings etc.
Dad used to get car loads of feed, shorts, scratch feed, oats. No one was raising chickens, cows and pigs anymore.
We used to have a large glass showcase filled with .01 cent candies. I can still see the kids standing with their noses squashed to the glass deciding how to spend their pennies.
Dad used to have 5 clerks working for him in the early days. I remember Dick Kitts, Reg Brooks, Bert Moore. He had 3 delivery wagons 3 of them in use daily ( that's hard to believe). They'd go out Friday pick up the orders from the customers. There were hardly any phones then. They would deliver the following day Saturday. In winter they used horse and sleighs.
Dad was on the Township of Coleman council for many years.
Finally business was practically,,  nil I sold the stock, equipment and building was torn down.
I came to Cobalt in 1958 and went to work for Customs, built a new home in 1958. It still has no number.
We used to skate on Mill Creek build a bonfire we'd skate from Cross Lake to North Cobalt. We'd ski in winter. I had a bobsleigh. We used to go to the show in Cobalt we stuck mostly to 104.
The old No. 11 highway went past Claude O'Shaughnessy house went straight down made a square corner it went right past our store. There were lots of accidents then
 I like the way they have cleaned up the town tearing down of buildings, street lights the new roads opened up the new parks.
52. I didn't like the moving of servicie bussiness out of town, ONR long distance Northen Telephone, Hydro, Freight Shed, Hydro could have been centralized in Cobalt instead of New Liskeard.
53. I like Cobalt. I've lived in this area all my life.
55. Yes
56. Some other type of industry not depending fully on mining to keep our young people in the area.
57. Summer
58. Swimming and skiing
59. Gardening, Stamp, coin and rock collecting
60. Secondary Industry, winter sports complex
61. Tourists
62. Ragged Chutes blow off. Drummond Cairn, Giroux Lake, rock dumps, plenty of mineral open rock cuts with ice in summer. Fishing Montrea; River Good beaches The best i've seen is Bass Lake Boating Golfing Nature Trails, skiing, snow mobiling

unorganized sports, Historical back ground. Uniqueness of the Town itself and I would like to see the restoration programme go through to the fullest.



Lucy Damiani April 12,1972
6:10 - 7:50
1. Leonard Anthony Cassidy
2. Vera Moore (wife)
3. 30 Park Street
4. 679-8362
5. Security officer at Temiskaming
6. Born in Cobalt in 1914.
7. Madawaska Renfrew area
8. Married and had one boy passed away at age 5
9. 58 years old
10. Right now we are going through another recession the price of silver fluctuates too much. It should really be standarized or they should give us a subsidy here we are with other places trying to take the credit for being the cradle of the North when its Cobalt. We should get help one way or another. Have always sustained ourselved and never went around crying for help. Always manage to pull out of one recession after another. We have more building going on that we ever had. The trouble with the price of silver is you mine it and its worth $2.25 an ounce when you go to sell market price going is only $1.75 an ounce. This doesn't help matters any. The Temiskaming Testing Laboratory processes ore for the mines and the prospectors are allowed samples per claim free. Our department is working with mines Resources Ministry. Prospecting is still quite active in the area and they tell me after so many years of being a prospector not sure how many, you get a free license for prospecting.
We don't have enough industry going for this place when the mines close up everything stops with them. Haileybury turned down a Johns Mansville factory. We should have gone after it as we have plenty of available space to locate one. If we could persuade the government to locate their big year round recreational project here it would help the area tremendous whether its official or not the news has leaked out now everybody wants it. North Bay is trying to get it - the "Soo" wants it. You wait and see we won't get it. No wonder everyone around here is skeptic about it. We've had more things taken out of here. Indirect mail service goes to Liskeard first. Then its trucked back here. We lost our telephone exchange. The Hydro office also went to Liskeard. The customs office at Timmins has been chosen for the North, so the office in Cobalt may soon be obsolete. The mines won't be prosperus forever we have to look to other things. If we don't have enough children for grade 13 rather than have higher taxes in the community they will have to send them out of town. I wouldn't like to see these things happen but sometimes it can't be helped. I am not in favour of busing little kids out of town to go to school unless its a specialized course. These kids are too young to go out of town and we should make use of the schools already here. And we could also save some of the taxpayers money by having Catholic & Protestant French or English all under one roof rather than three separate schools and it might make for a better education system. Religion should be taught in the home or in your own church not at the school.
More jobs and more businesses and this all goes with making a prosperous town. The shopping in town is very limited and what there is have too high prices we could use more stores, a drug store, a dentist, a shoe store and maybe a large department store like Woolworths or Zellers. There is so much shopping out of town. This hurts Cobalt business places. We should definitely carry on with a recreation program but not nesessarily members of the same family working for it. Kids need organized sports. They won't do too much on their own. The last recreation director I think did a good job while he was here, majorettes, girls hockey, a marching band and he started our summer festival. If he was trying to be dictatorial its up to
the council to stop him.
My mother came to Cobalt in 1907 and I was young only 4 years old when my father died and my sister also died when I was 3. I went to school in Haileybury before the fire then after the fire I went to the French School here for 1 year. St Hilaron School across the bridge. Went to the states to stay with my uncle then I came back to Cobalt and went to boarding school in Montreal. I also went to Sudbury College for 2 years and in 1928 I quit school and went to work. Jobs were hard to get it was the 30's depression and I had an assortment of jobs worked at the airport for 25 cents a day, meals clothes and a pack of tobacco, worked for Department of Highways building the
Canipta Road for 25 cents an hour. Started working steady in 1937. I went to the Northwest Territories for Eldorado Mines with John Hutman, Elmer Johnson and Walter Purdy from Cobalt too. Its beautiful country up there daylight all the time except for two months in winter its dusk. Then I came back to Cobalt and worked at Cross Lake Lease Nipissing-O'Brien, Agnico North Cobalt and TTL where I am today. Always had a lot cof fun in our gang. No cars but we still had a good time always went to dances in a gang. I have always liked bowling and I play]dhockey and softball, fishing is a real pastime and I like the summer best. You don't have to put on big boots and heavy clothes to go out. Now I still bowl and play cards or go visiting and I enjoy fishing very much. I can remember when I was young going down to the station to see the train
come in. This was a big thing in Cobalt ad everybody went for something to do.
There were often time when the silver ‘bars were piled up on the station platform ready to go. These silver bar shipments went out often cause there were quite a few mines working then. Nobody guarded them. They just stayed there. Travelled mostly by street car or horses. Not many cars around then. They had this big fountain at the square with running water and everybody drank from it kids, horses, dogs. The stores were open until 11 o'clock and everybody was downtown on the streets. You would meet the gang, there and go on to a party dance etc. The old saying on a Saturday night was"see you downtown".
In 1944 I got my army call but went down to enlist on my own for active service. I was only in 3 days when they told me I was better off in civilian life.
 There is not much point in encouraging tourist trade unless we can go all the way. That is have a good reasonable eating places and more trailer or park facilities or low cost rooms for nights lodging. Also there should be some attraction like the Moosenee thing. Polar Bear Express, or even right here we have to offer them something to keep them here. We have much to offer lakes for fishing, swimming,  mine properties, hunting spots and also not overcharge on prices this is what killed the Temagami area. Some of the mines that were here made a lot of money and took it all out and they didn't put a cent back into Cobalt. Some invested in gold properties
others went into real estate and so today we are left naked so to speak with very little encouragement. I think the "Mayor and council in the past few years has to be commended for all they are doing - giving credit to Dr. Dunning by naming Dunning Drive after him. They are calling the park downtown Drummond Park and they have cleaned up some of the old buildings renovated the downtown section and the new subdivision is an asset to the town. I am in favour of all these changes and would like to see the town continue we have good garbage collection, snow removal and taxes are at a fair rate. Some communities our size are not as well looked after. We could use a Senior Citizens, a low cost housing unit and maybe a recreation hall for the older people to meet, play cards or just talk.
I would like to keep living in Cobalt my wife & I both like it very much. We have always liked the lazy friendly way of people and our relatives and friends are here. There have been many changes we have completely remodelled our home, at least 3 times now we are comfortable in it. I have added a glass verandah put in a complete !oundation a new 3 piece bath furnace, roof. You can say almost a new house it might have been cheaper in the long run but its got sentimental value.
When I think of my early years in Cobalt I have but good memories. The gang I played cards with the bowling team I'm with the same bunch of fellows for about the past 7 years. We have taken trophies for top team and I have had individual trophies. Then too when we were young and dating girls there was always Marie's we could go for good clean fun and a drink there was always
a piano player and we'd dance or have a sing song. I feel sorry for the kids nowadays they can't make their own fun it has to be organized for them but there is no use saying to them when I was a kid we did this or did that. The best thing is to help them along and do something for them.




Simone Bedard April 12,1972
1. Remi Belanger
3. 189 Lang St.
4. 679-5909
5. Truck driver
6. Cobalt
7. My mother was born in Buckingham Que.
8.Married
9. 35 yrs. old
10. I'm not in favor of elementary school children travelling out of town to' go to school but I have no objection to secondary school students travelling/ I think Cobalt would pick up if we got help from the government to get a secondary industry. We could have an industry that would use the natural resource and make it into a finished product. With all our empty schools maybe they could be used as training schools of some kind. Wages are not high enough for the price we pay for our groceries, clothing etc. I would like to see better recreation, more indoor recreation for the Winter and organized minor baseball leagues for boys. There's not enough competition in town to draw people here, the prices are in any outsider too high and that's why they don't draw in any outsiders. What we need are more store,
11. I think Cobalt should have a small hospital of its own, build by the govern¬ment as a convalescent home.
12. The refinery is closed, the mines have slowed down. They way it is now, I'm less tempted to invest in Cobalt.
13. I would like to see more industry, more stores and more recreation facilities. It would brighten the whole outlook of Cobalt,
14. By pouring some of the money that was taken out of Cobalt by mining and by putting it back into the town.
Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 24
Interview: Length of Interview: 1 hr. 45 min.


1. Mr. Melville Eno
2, Mel
3.
4. 40 yrs.
5. 679-8391
6. 53
7. Killaloe
8. Mother in Renfrew Dad in Killaloe
9. Tomiko, Ont.
10, May 1939
11. Train, moved by freight car
12. north
13. 10
14. railroader
15. clerk
16. fire truck driver
17. clerk
18. after coming out of the bush it looked pretty good
19. It was in the hungry 30's. I was lucky, worked for the T.N.O. in the summer, use
to go in the bush during the winter to cut wood
20. We lived in the bush at Tomiko so mother moved north to Cobalt so we could get Schooling and work
21. Bush work, mining and railroad
22. 8 hrs. per day.
23. 29.90 per week
24. Large frame wood house
25. Had a good Xmas with lots to eat
26. in the house
27. Hydro
28. wood stove
29. Quebec Heater
30. 1939--there were lots of stores here then, 2 dentists, 2 drug stores, shows,
Shaw's and Moore's, Lawyer Mitchell and Lawyer Inch. We use to have court cases held here then--held in the old town hall. Now T.T.L. Building
31. A dance with Square dancing once a week in the old Orange Hall--next to the Fraser House. Lots of dances out at First Brook and Latchford Hall.
32. Softball, and chase the girls, a rink rat at the rink on Miller Ave
33. Raymore and Tomiko
340 10
35, Railways and buses
36. Dr. Case
37. Mines Hospital
38. Haileybury hospital
39. Neil 17, Doris 17, Louis 17
40, Neil Port Arthur Doris Cochrane Louis at Temagami
41.
42.
43. same as anyone
44. Good heavy meal, lots of long clear and beans
45. Wasn't afraid to wear a patch then lots of them
46. Suit--white shirt and tie
47. Walk the tracks or downtown for a sundae at the ice-cream parlour
48. Still got my dad's tool box made in 1935
49. Small town Atmosphere
50, Wouldn't live in a big town, In a small town you know everyone.
51. New Parks Side walks--Parking lots up grading the town, new subdivision. Got rid of a lot of eye sores and condemned buildings etc.
52. No drug stores, lack of employment took away 4 wholesale houses, ONR communications, dentists, Northern telephone, lost our clothing stores
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. Steady employment for people living in the Town something to hold here
57, the whole year
58. Fishing
59. tinkering with motors
60. We need the silver to go up in price to re-open, and operate the mines. Re-open the smelter, Shopping Plaza
61. It would have to be people with money that would have believe in the potentials of the town, People the semi-retired, would find it a haven.
62. fishing, hunting, boating, skidooing skiing, wide variety of good lakes with good beaches, camping areas within short distances of the town. Mine tours, lots of hydro dams to see. We have the only air plant made by water in Canada to the mine, which supplies air to the mine. We have the nicest scenery of bush to walk through or drive through I just wouldn't live anywhere else.

Name of Interviewer: Joanna $Stubinski Date of Interview: March 15
Interview: 1 hr.
1, Mrs. Evelyn Fenton
2.
3. Caunt
4. Inch Block
5. 6798481
6. 65
7. Nottingham, England, Sherwood Forest
8. England
9. England
10. 1952
11. Car, came form Gowganda where we lived for a year and prior to this lived in Kerns near Kirkland Lake
12. Highway 65 then #11
13. 4
14. Worked at Silver Miller in Stockroom and stores for that mine
15. Housewife
16. Dead
17. Receptionist at Museum
18. Thought it was a poor looking down, coming from the north, but from the south you get a different view,
19. quite busy, better than it is now, more mines running
20. Because husband got the job at Silver Miller
21, Mining, 0.N.R. Operators, and work out of town if necessary
22. 8 hours
23. Started at $200, month then raised to $300.
24, Had an apartment on Nickle St, over Hastings Connelly, lived there a few months to a house across the street. This was Upper Nickle Later bought Mrs. Leblanc's house on lower sickle Husband died 2 weeks later
25. Nice xmas, can't remember, very vague
26. running water
27. hydro
28. wood stove
29, oil heater in living room
30, dominion, Buckovetsky's T.B.S. Olive Smith, Lowery's Whole Sale House, Woolworth's, Eaton's, Damiani Grocery, Rowdon's Hardware, Tommy Black, Cain's, Buffam's funeral home,
31, show every night of the week, not much else
32,
33. Went in England
34. Grade 9

35. buses, cars, trains
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Had to go to Haileybury
38, Kirkland Lake
39. Carol went in training is now a Reg. Nurse Allan Grade 12-18 yrs. old
40. Carol married, Allan out west
41. 42, Just the contests she saw at Miner's Festival
43.
44.
45. House dresses never wore slack's
46. Dressed up
47. Went to Church, went for car rides, not much else as husband wasn't too well
48. gold ear drop, earring that were her mothers, She took them back to England, and gave them to her sister for her daughters, cause they remembered her mother more, and did not want earrings to be forgotten
49. Likes the people
50. Because they are friendly everyone says hello
51. Houses look better at North end of Town, Street lights are really terrific the park's
52. Don't like the lake filled with slimes
53.
54.
55. Yes
56. keep up the old shafts, make a park over the slimes
57. Late spring and fall
58. 0.N.R. group goes to the Saturday night bingo
59. reading
60. Don't really know Gov't should step in and see that the price of silver is raised
61. Tourists in season only
62. Historical site, the past of what cobalt once was. First mining town North of North
Bay.
Mrs., Fenton is a good living, hard working person, She was left to raise her 2 children and she saw that they were well educated on her own, A wonderful person to know.

Lucy Damiani April 10, 1972
Interview: Time: 2hrs.
1. Helen Fernholm
2. Helen Dolan
3. 160 Lang St.
4. 679-8283
5. Housewife
6. Eanily Hill, Ottawa
7. Father in Quiel Quebec
Mother in North Shore Ontario
8. Widow
9. 63 yrs. old
10. They can saw what they like about Cobalt but I think its OK, would like to see it a litt14 more prosperous than it is right now.
There is still a lot of silver here and if the economic situation here is going to keep going down hill they should definitely get more grants of exploration works, as I said there is a lot of silver left underground. We had a claim once in silver Centre that had a good showing of silver but we lost it, it was situated between Coral Lorraine and South Keora. Then were also good silver deposits at the Keely mine that lasted just feft there when it was closed up. My father was hoist man in 1909 and he took me underground. I was only 17 then but I still remember what it looked like.
We used to take the train to Silver Centre often then we'd go to a show there the train left from the Cobalt Station and went out there several times a day.

EDUCATION

As for education I think separate and public schools should be under one school it would be easier on the taxpayers money.
I don't think they should close grade 13 at the local High School, we have always had top grade students and many graduates come out of this school. So I hope some effort will be made to keep it going. I am in favour of a university and a technical school here or very close by as all the young people from the North have to go to Toronto, Kingston, Montreal or Ottawa. Also, after high school you have to leave and go away to further you education, why not
change the system and have available trades and ,courses to be taken right here. Then they could go to work as soon as they are out of school.
Tuitions are going up-my belief in education has always been of high quality. If a student has top grades and can’t go to college because of money drawbacks-there should be government funds available for these students and I don't mean just a small grant that is repayable.

SPORTS AND RECREATION

I do believe in sports organized. It has to be that way with the youth today, they can't
seem to make their own fun like we used to do-we have to have a system for getting them. together and seeing the proper sports program is supplied-it would be beneficial to have one large main building, we have much available space with all the facilities within a small area. We could utilize our present arena its going to be torn down and replace why not in this spot. its an ideal location for such a complex.
We also need a recreation program for young and old with a qualified director. This town has always been enthusiastic and interested in what is going on. We have had pottery classes, art classes, majorettes, marching band, and bowling. Really there is a lot doing if you would like to get involved.

Business:

There are two businesses in town utilizing material we have here, rocks and hones available at Gem Shop, Pottery business is suing local clay small business enterprise could be encouraged in these lines for the wire silver and ruby silver that is available could be made up into many souvenirs items. Something to do with the industry that is going would create local jobs, another item that could be made are postcards another suggestion is large size rocks and stones for fireplaces look quite unique, these rocks could be sold there is original rocks from Cobalt Private enterprise is a growing concern, it could proper with these souvenir ideas. We have some local artists who are making money maybe not a lot, but they are painting local scenes and selling the pictures.
Shops
There is too much out of town shopping for the economy of Cobalt to prosper so we should have a better shopping area a large department store like Kresge's would be a real boom to this town, we also need a drug store, a large department clothing store, shoe store, when I think of all the stores we used to have here.
Something I would like to see in Cobalt is a Senior Citizens home and I think low cost housing is quite important if we are to attract people here, miners and laborers wages are too low here for higher priced apartments.
I would like to see a park and swimming facilities closer to Cobalt. Bass Lake is a lovely beach area, but not so easily accessible if you don’t have a car and children have to be bused back and forth. While we are at it we also need a supervised playground.
Has anyone told you about the dynamite factory on the West Road, right hand side of where quarry was the limestone quarry they used limestone to treat paper at Morris Cote.
Shedite Factory and was an engineer there, one day a fire started and my Dad tried to evacuate everyone but when it blew up there was a loss of lives about a dozen.
Mr. Tom Duncan on Helen Street, Cobalt, had the dynamite contract for many yrs. his truck used to go to haul for the dynamite when Mr. Duncan died the contract was taken over by Hubert Audette.
Impressions:
We were in many fires first of all in Haileybury 1922, and another time the bush fire was so bad we all left for golf course and slept there over night.
In Kirkland Lake my father blew the first steam whistle at the mine we lived there one yr. then we moved to Haileybury. I didn't want to go to school that day but my mother said not to worry if it gets bad I will come and get you. After awhile she did come to the school
to pick me up, we walked part of the way to Cobalt, when we got to Cobalt box cars were waiting to take people away from the fire. There were such a rush for the box cars my mother and brother and I didn't make it but they told us relief trains would be along soon. There was one came soon after and we boarded the train for Ottawa, the fire seemed to have gone farther than Cobalt the bush along the railroad track was on fire and the smoke was so bad the train had to keep stopping, when we got to North Bay there were people at the Station with food and drink, but we were sick from smoke and tired and you couldn't eat. When we got to Ottawa my mother said we have to go in and eat so at the restaurant when the proprietor. found out weld come from the Haileybury fire he ordered the cook to give us the best meal in the house, we were treated like royalty. In the meantime my father was coming back from Silver Centre on the Meteor when at one of the stops they were told Haileybury was on fire and they couldn't believe it but when they got closer they realized it was true, dock
was burnt, they could hardly get ashore he nearly went crazy looking for us but then
a provincial police had a list of names and told him we had gone to Ottawa. He was gifting
to come and get us but they wouldn't let him leave he had to stay and help pull in street cars that people were going to use for homes, finally we came back to Cobalt moved over Lavery's wholesale, it was so cold there that winter we nearly perished, my father build a new home
for us in Haileybury.
On Sept 1929 I married and moved to Cobalt and in 1941 my husband bought the present home I am living in now, my husband really took care of the home when he was alive but now on widows pension I can barely keep up the necessities.

TREASURES

We were burned out a few times so I lost any treasures I had out in 1923. I bought a wrist watch from Mr. Belchium the Jeweler. I paid $7.50 for it and it’s still in working order you don't but things like that nowadays.
I think we should have another industry besides mining as long as we are careful not to be letting industry pollute our beautiful lakes. We should do our utmost to guard the beauty of our lakes and countryside as this is nature's gift and should be cherished.
Also, the government could offer loans for development and help us establish another industry so we can create jobs keep our young people here if Cobalt is to prosper and not die as another ghost town.
I want to congratulate to town municipal government they have done a very good job working with the conditions they had to overcome. Also much praise should go to those who were influenced to get mastermet to sell.
We should have a miner’s festival every year. I think people and especially the visitors to the area like this and enjoy it, we have a nice museum for tourists to visit, the air plant' at Hound Chutes, and the artists and rock hounds are crazy about the place.

ENTERTINAMENT AND SPORTS

I like sports and played hockey for Haileybury girl’s team when I was 16 yrs. old. Marg St. Louses and Isobel Day were teammates. We used to skate across Lake Temiskaming nearly  got lost once when a blizzard came up in a hurry. Now I still kike to skate, swim and I bowl. I also like swimming...
I don't think I could leave Cobalt my friends are here and since I have to watch my pennies it affords a cheaper way of living. I like to take the occasional trip but I am thankful for a home to come back to. I have too daughters. May and June. One is living in Cobalt and the other is in New York.
I nearly forgot to tell you my husband's father worked clearing land with C.C. Farr for the building of the railroad; it was just a little bush trail then and railroad men were working clearing the land.
My husband was born in North Cobalt and his father owned about 160 acres of land where the site of Blue Top Cabins is today, and you may not believe this but a brother of Dr. Drummonds asked Mr. Fernholm for 10 acres on which to build a smelter my father in law offered it to him for nothing but when it came time to build a smelter he had taken the land from him. There were a lot of swindlers. then.
My father worked in Ottawa valley before coming up here, the core of silver boom brought him up to this area. I came with him. I was only a baby, My mother bought a beautiful baby carriage with her that was a gift but when we arrived there was so much mud everywhere she couldn't use it,
In 1916 the flu epidemic was so bad that very few people escaped it, my mother caught it bad when she was nursing a neighbour that was sick.
We tried to get along as best we could my father brother and I as she was very sick for three weeks and we thought we were going to lose her.
Well that’s about all I can remember and I hope they are going to do something for Cobalt

Joanna Stubinski April 14, 1972
Interview 2 1/2 hrs.
1. Mr. Warren Fernholm
2. Warren
3.
4. 7 Nickle St.
5. 679-8286
6. 61
7. Matchup, Saskatchewan
8. Sweden
9. Sweden
10. 58 yrs. ago
11. Train
12. C.N.R. then T.N.N.O. from North Bay
13. 5 with mother and father
14. Dad was a shoemaker in Cobalt for a yr. then moved out to the West Road to farm
15. Mother a housewife
16. Assistant-Mechanic for Ont. Hydro
17. Housewife
18. I was to young for any impressions about Cobalt when I came here, but, when I lived out on a farm out of Haileybury we always came to market in Cobalt
19. Remembers the fire burnt everything down, when first married then lived at Ragged Chutes 7 yrs. moved into Cobalt 1960. In 1946 when I first started with the hydro you could buy a house in town for $50 or $100. Then after the war things started to pick up.
20. Came with parents and later I worked with the hydro
21. mining, lumbering and farming. Lived on a farm for 22 yrs.
22. All days 8 hrs.
23. 500 an hour, they gave him a raise then raised his room and board
24. Big white bungalow on the crest of a hill on the west road
25. He always came home at Xmas, then New Yrs. went to oldest sisters place
26. will near the house
27. coal oil lamps
28. wood stove
29. box wood stove
30. T.B.S., Buckler's, Petersons grocery store, always did our shopping there, Blacks, Rowdon's, Dominion, Eaton, Simpson's, 2 banks, Woolworths, Shows, Drug store, Damiani's and a few others.
31. Played a lot of cards
32, Skiing Tobogganing and skating
33. Clover Valley
34. 8 yrs. walked a mile to school and back, if there was a snow storm always skied to school
35. Horses and buggies street cars, cars and buses.

-2-
36. Dr. Jackson
37. Had the mines Hospital in Cobalt, but never in it, then Haileybury hospital
38. Ragged Chutes
39. Both girls still in school
40. Jackie 18, Grade 13. Cobalt High
Ann, 10 Public School
41. never worked in the mines
42. Buffalo Slimes at the Grand stand, remembers seeing the contests in 1924
43.
44.
45. work clothes
46. dressed up to go to church then changed. Every week, usually Saturday night, there
were square dances at Clover Valley or First Brook, always dressed up for them. Had slot of sleigh riding parties.
47. Sunday school, fishing
48. A porcelain china cow that went through the 1922 fire the only thing they found that was left.
49. nice and quiet
50. good neighbours(better they work well together....Council)
52. Too many mines closing only 5 mines in operation
53. no
54.
55. Yes
56. more stores, especially clothing stores, we either buy out of the catalogue or have to go out of town
57. Summer
58. fishing and camping
59. woodwork
60. raise the price of silver so the mines could operate again
61. Cobalt has nothing to offer
62. Museum, tours, drive to Ragged Chutes, and this yr. it should be blowing continuously.
Warren, is very quiet and the family sticks close to home. A hard working man and very proud of his 25 yrs. service certificate from the hydro. At the present time he is not working due to ill health, but, is getting better and should be going back to work anytime.


Lucy Damiani March 8, 1972
1:15 - 2:30
1, Charles Ferris
2. Boston Blackie
3. bachelor
4. 91 Lang St
5. 679-8340
6. 59 years old
7. North Bay
8. Sheba, Lebanon
9. Syria
10. Oct. 4th, 1922 from Haileybury after fire
11. Car and truck
12. by highway 11, First arrived in Timmins in 1911 from Timmins went to North Bay from North Bay to Sudbury from Sudbury to Haileybury and finally to Cobalt.
13. Selma was born in Sheba and so was my brother, we came to Cobalt with my mother to join my father.
14. I worked in the store
,5. not married
16. Still operating Boston Grill Restaurant in the early days it was known as Boston sweets.
17. no wife
18. Lots of fun, lots of Syrian friends and always something to do, and
some place to go. We used to have professional baseball teams at west Cobalt Ball Park when I was 10 they had a fairly good sized grandstand and they used to hold fairs under seating capacity in back of grandstand, used to skate at the old rink and went to Junior professional hockey games.
19. The population then was about 6 thousand people - gravel roads and wooden sidewalks.
20. Came to Cobalt because my parents where were going to be in business here.
21. Mining, Cobalt, Foundry Brewers livery stables, 'Morin & Freres, who had their own horses and livery stable they operated a big wholesale warehouse and grocery store. All kinds of work in the Bank, Bank of Toronto, Bank of Commerce and Nova Scotia all employed people.
22. Worked after school for one hour and in later years it was about 10 or 12 hours a day.
23. $5. per week
24. Always lived in the house we are in now and it’s been renovated twice and in 1949 completely renovated.
25. Playing in the snow skating always skated the old year out and the new year
in, some presents but not toys it was always clothes, shoes, socks, sweaters and if you got a sleigh for playing it was really something
26. Water in the home, later on both hot and cold.
27. Electricity for lighting and for now all the commodities that go with
TV, washer, & dryer, iron, toaster, stove, mixer. 28, wood stove to cook on and for heat too
29. oil heater later on - in the early days we used to chop wood and carry it up to Blights of stairs,
30. Auger’s fruit store and ice cream parlor, the beautiful Palm Gardens restaurant with marble, floor owned by Mr. Giachino, he also owned the Bijou and Lyric Theatres, Zion’s Grocery, Zanin's grocery and bake shop, Damiani's grocery, Rava's grocery and Joe Robitaille's grocery all at our end of town. Pool room on one corner at top of our hill and under takers at other corner was Gibson's Bata shoe store, Vellis clothing, Dobouse Bros.had 3 clothing
stores, Koury's ladies and mens wear, Ansora shoemaker Ledovitz mens wear and many others.
31. All the theatres, dances Rose bowl and Easter balls at the old town hall which had one the of the nicest dance floors in the area this building also housed town offices, police offices, jail. In 1924 we had an old boy’s reunion that has root been surpassed since - parades, going steady, fireman’s drills, fireworks, contests and there have been none like it since. Mr. Giachino took movies of it he was the legend of his time - if some one could only get the movies he took the man lived in and around an era 50 years
ahead of our time. He lived a friendly life frugal life also owned a grocery store and in later years sold steamship tickets.
32. Baseball, skating, hockey, badminton, bobsledding, and skiing.
33. Cobalt public school
34. up to grade 5, 5 years
35. street cars, horse and buggy you saw the odd truck or car maybe 5 or altogether in town.
36. Dr. Mitchell
37. Hospital was where Buffam’s is today.

38. Bachelor
40.
41. never went under ground but always went to mine properties, Coniagas and mining corp. with friends to wait for their fathers_ coming off shifts. We used to bicycle to the mine property and do you remember the ore buckets coming across the lake from the Nippissing Prop. to the old 4th of July shaft. these ran on cables.
42. Hand steeling contests and racking contests all held at West Cobalt at Ball grounds - they used to have a wooden sidewalk all the way from town and fenced all the halfway between highway. There was a West Cobalt school for the kids there. I think it went to grade 3 or 4
43. Used to go to Kerr Lake often it was a big community and had a big railroad station there. The Dabouses one was my brother-in-law had a store then and we always went there to visit my sister was only 18 when she was giving there 1926 model Studebaker touring car with no windows and a canvas top* She used to drive us out to lick berries and once I remember the car stalled on the hill. She yelled at everybody to get out. She wasn't taking any chances while backing it up. We sometimes packed lunches for the miners at
the restaurant. It was the usual sandwiches, fruit or cake and cookies with a thermos of hot tea or coffee.
44. The miner’s main meal was nearly always supper that was when everyone was home. And we ate well in those days, everything was dirt cheap, eggs, chicken, beef pork, vegetables all kinds and we had a farmers market where you could have bought anything.
45. Through the week we wore work clothes or sports clothes
46. and on Sundays we always dressed up, everybody used to walk downtown to show off their new Easter finery we always had something new for Easter.
47. Playing dice out of some rock in the woods where no one could find us smoking cigars for fun, until we got caught, fishing, swimming and we walked the big air pipes learned to swim at,; Sass pond and Pete Lake. There was a YMCA: but I didn't go there too much ire the early years because in 1923 my brother drowned in the pool there.
48. Some old photos of my friends and younger days.
49. I like Cobalt because it has a good municipal government we have one of the best we've had in a long time.
A good municipal body should do something for the town.
21. Its good enough for Trudeau it’s good enough for Charlie Ferris.
52. . like all the changes think they were for the best.
53. yes.
54. Lack of money for business places to keep going.
55. yes.
56. would like to see a ball park on the lake with light and a small grand stand.
57. Summer of course, winter is too long and this is the best part of the country _ for this season.
58. I belong to the Kiwanis Club and have been a member for 32 years - still goes to dance club night, bowl, watch hockey games and a little TV and 3 like walking.
59. no,
60. We need other industry besides mining - we could encourage American capital and tourist trade dollars count. You don't have to go out of your way just be nice to the tourists, cater to them and they'll come back again and tell
their friends how nice it is here.
61. the tourists
62. Mining tours we could have a model mine and take them underground to see it, we have lots of lakes for swimming and fishing, historical sights, mining. museum. I could go on and on but just look at all the natural beauty we have this is an asset.
Highlights
Several years ago some American tourist came up to go fishing at Lady Evelyn Lake and when I opened the store one Sunday morning this fellow had been sitting there since early morning, he said to me hurry and open up. I'm starving, I was fishing at Lady Evelyn and there is no restaurant up there.
I would like to pay tribute to a friend and one of our past distinguished businessman. Larry Stadelman owned a small book store which was in a block owned by him; the downstairs in the years went through grocery stores, jewelry shop, clothing store a hardware store and Eaton’s on the corner. In the Stadelman block upstairs there were about 10 apartments for rent. He was the main developer, of the tennis court out at Sass Lake which was the first in
the area, he was also membership convener and was responsible for the upkeep.
He encouraged the youngsters playing hockey and was a team supporter. He also donated a large sum of money to the Kiwanis Club to be used for a playground project at Bass Lake for children. He was quite an avid poet enjoyed speed skating right up to his years. Having given so much made us a better people just knowing him. I am proud to have been one of his friends.


Lucy Damiani February 22, 1972
1:30 - 2:45
1. Mrs. Eva Fleury
2. Eva
3. Eva Larose
4. 2 Nadon Street
5. 679-8297
6. 69 years old
7. Astorville near North Bay
8. Mother & Father in Quebec
9. Quebec
10. In 1906, only 4 years old
11. Boat and horses
12. By way of North Bay
13. Came with mother and a sister, father was already here
14. Miner
15. Waitress at Matabanik Hotel in Haileybury, lost all the clothes I had there at time of fire.
16. Retired Miner
17. Retired housewife
18. I don't remember too much of it when I arrived.
19. I don't remember
20. I came to be 'with father and the rest of the family.
21. There was logging and mining right here in Cobalt.
22. Started at 7 in the morning until 8 at night.
23. About $5. a week plus my room at the hotel.
24. Two storey frame building with 3 bedrooms upstairs and 2 large rooms downstairs
25. WS always had large family gatherings, ate together and sang songs.
26. We had a well, there was no water in the house.
27. For lighting we had oil lamps.
28. Wood stove for cooking.
29. Wood and coal for heating but mostly wood because it was plentiful.
30. All kinds of stores both sides of Lang Street, butcher shops, bake shops, flower shops, hardware, hat shops, shoe stores, clothing, jewelry, fur shops, really everything we needed.
31. Shows opera houses, traveling minstrel shows.
32. Bobsledding and skating and in the summer swimming.
33. St. Theresa's French School. Remember my first teacher was Miss Beth Lafond and the principal of the school was Miss Larocque.
34. About 5 years.
35. Just horse and buggy
36. Dr. McLaren
37. There was a fair-sized hospital at 104 Hill.
38. In Cobalt.
39. Aline was 16, she took a hair dressing course and worked for Bea Gauthier, Pearl was 16
40. One worked, one stayed home until she married.
41. Don't know what mines were like in those days, except my father always said they didn't see daylight and when they came up from underground to go home it was already dark.
42. My dad was famous for winning nearly all the drilling contests they used to have.
43. They ate very good meals, meat and fish were plentiful, there was
an abundance of vegetables. There were always vendors going by
with horse and cart, selling fresh fish vegetables and apples.
44. The families all ate together and the same food.
45. Christmas was for large family gatherings, ate together and sang songs, played cards.
466. The miners and workers wore plain clothes through the week.
47. On Sundays everybody used to dress up-from the children to the grown-ups.
48. First we always went to Church then visited friends and relatives or they visited us.
49. No heirlooms or souvenirs but many pictures which I treasure.
50. Its a good quiet town to live in,
51. Because my home and friends are here.
52. The town is much cleaner we have nice parks and the buildings down town are being repaired, we have a nice new library, new Red & White and a new motel.
53. None
54. Yes all the dogs that are allowed to run the streets.
55. It degrades the town to see a lot of dogs roaming the streets
56. I like Cobalt the way it is
57.
58. The summertime - it’s so nice for walking and going out.
59. I enjoy playing cards Church socials.
60. 1 knit.
61. Another industry would help a lot.
62. 1 think if we encourage tourist trade, Cobalt won't be as clean and we will have pollution.
63. We could encourage visitors we have many beautiful sights, Old Mission, Montreal River, Hydro Plant at Lower Notch, Drummond Cairn, many lakes for fishing, swimming, good hunting grounds and also winter recreation, skiing, snowmobiling, ice fishing and
in the summer we have our festival, in the winter there is always a carnival.

HIGHLIGHTS -

Mrs. Fleury is a niece of the famous Fred Larose who was the first man to find silver ore which later led to the discovery of Cobalt..
Let aside all the myths and stories you may have heard—Mr. Larose did not throw a hammer at a fox. Mr. Larose was prospecting by the railroad track one day, after he had eaten his lunch and he spotted a shiny object on a rock. Upon closer examination he found this shiny ore in the rock which then turned out to be silver, and this is what led to the discovery of Cobalt.

Simone Bedard April 27,1972
1. Patrick Fortin
3. 5 North Ave
4. 679-8347
5. Area clerk Ontario Hydro
6.
7. My father was born in St. Martin de Beauce Quebec and my mother in Ste. Genevieve Jacques Cagier Quebec.
8. Single
9. 23 years old
I went to grade #8 at Fatima High School in Haileybury and my grade 11 & 12 in Business and Commerce at New Liskeard Secondary School.
For the moment I have no travel plans but later on I would to visit Canada from coast to coast.
I've been with the Ontario Hydro for l 1/2 years and I'm quite satisfied with the job t hat I have at the moment, unless they would let me go otherwise I intend to stay with them
In the case that I would leave the Hydro I would very much to like direct myself
in the recreation branch either as a recreation director or the head of a Cultural Centre.
If my future lies in Cobalt I will stay here, but I will go where my future brings me.
I think that Regional School is good because the kids will be able to adjust better to the change regarding people from different areas and to their ideas also they will
be able to have a broader outlook on their surroundings instead of being restricted
to only one area and one idea, they;11 have a group of different communities, different people and different ideas grouped together. This will also cut down on costs.
Why can't the schools that will eventually be empty be turned into cultural centres.
If they are making Regional Schools why can't they also have Regional High Schools
and we also need a University in the north.
Why can’t we have a Regional Community Board and all work together. Why can't we have a say in what our area is going to become because in a short time from now people will realize that the north has a lot to offer it's not to be taken for granted
anymore, in a short time from now we will become a big city the people from the South will no longer be able to extirpate our wealth because if we let them do so we will no longer have any wealth to offer , It is time, it is high time that the
people from the North get together. It is time for the people from the North to let their quarrel die.
Why Should we spend money uselessly, why can't we once and for all have our
own place which will be formed with our own ideas not by somebody who moved up from
down south and told us how to operate our schools and how dispose of our resources.
Why should we have someone come and pollute our air and water. North is the greatest place to live in at the condition that we vast to keep it this way.
For numerous years now I have observed the young people and really I have never seen anything concrete that has been accomplished towards the young people
we once had a Y.M.C.A. with all the facilities bowling alleys we still have, we have no more swimming pool we no longer have a community basketball, volley ball tennis or badminton court. Why have these facilities disappeared is it because people are
to selfish to think of the young people or is it even because they don't give a damm, about the future of our community. We have the local arena if we want it for any use we have to pay dearly for it.

Name of Interviewer: Simone Bedard Date of Interview: March 29, 1972
Interview:
1. Paul A. Fortin....,...„ *Jeanne Fortin
2. Jeanne Gratton
3. 5 North Ave Housewife...Genevieve Jacques Cartier Que.
4. 679-8347 Father......St. Therese de Blainville
5, Labour Mother St. Eustache des Deux Montagnes
6. St. Martin De Beauce Que.
7. St. Martin De. Beauce Que.
8. Married
9. 56 yrs old.........my wife 57
10. She said, our children are older now so it doesn't affect then too much, but they might have had a different view had they're children been younger
11. Mr. Fortin's view was different, he said that he couldn't see why children should be going to school out of town when we had a school here, and that it wasn't right to have the children travelling by bus.
She said that for the young the opportunities are not too good, as they have to leave home to get work.
12.The jobs are rare.
There's no training facilities and the young people must leave to get there training in there chosen field. The wages are up to standards if compared to other places.
We do our shopping once a week and we go to New Liskeard as there’s more variety and we find that the priced are better.
Recreation for us is playing cards or visiting with our children.
A lot of changes could be made but we have to give the authorities a chance to breath. I find that our Mayor Mr. Mathews has been one of the best and he's done a lot for our town. The first change since Mr. Mathews has been the tearing down of rundown houses, the new side
walks and up keep of streets during the Winter, we have 100% service on this. I would say that* Mr. Mathews has influenced the government with our problems and he's had some results.
When we came to Cobalt in 1952 it was to work in the mines, we had a family of 8 children I worked at the Cobalt Lode Mine and I would say that I made better here then other places where I lived and worked.
I would like to see an amusement park for the young children, with a swimming pool and monitors to keep them occupied through out the day.

Simone Bedard April 10,1972
1:15 - 3:00
1. Cecile Frackleton
2. Cecile Mondoux
3. 140 Lang St.
4. 679-5556
5. Bar Steward Legion
6. I was born in Timmins
7. My father was born in Sudbury and my mother in Renfrew
8. Married
9. 42 years old
10. My impression of Cobalt now is poor. I'm against our schools leaving our town when we have the facilities here. I don't want to see grade 13 taken from Cobalt High School it if goes this will mean that we will lose our High School.
I would rather not have my children on buses, they cannot participate in any after school activities as the bus will not wait for them.
Economic situation is very grim, what we need is a secondary industry and not a park.
Job opportunities there aren't very many jobs. There's a certain amount of --government training but not much, as far the wages are concerned when the mines are in operation the wages are quite good.
Private enterprise, there's not much opportunities for it right now with the present economic situation.
We have a fair recreation program in Cobalt, but what we need is a softball for young boys.
11. The only changes in Cobalt is more work, we're sure in need of it.
12. The only changes that I can see is that we lost two major clothing stores
when TBS & Sam Buckovetsky's left and this leaves us to pay high prices or
shop elsewhere.
13. I would like to see the town get better.
14. With a Mayor & Council that are go getters.

Joanna Stubinski Feb.28/72
2 hours.
1. Mr. Alexander J. Fraser
2. Alex
3.
4. 15 Miller
5. 679-5630
6. 89
7. South Side Harbour - Antigonish Nova Scotia
8. Mother - Summerside Antigonish . Father - south side harbour
9. East coast
10. Passed through Cobalt in 1907 came to live in 1912
11. By train to south Temiskaming in 1907, then boat to New Liskeard there to North Temiskaming on survey in Quebec east of Abitibi Lake. On way back came to Clock's farm by canoe on Lac des Quinze walked to New Liskeard 35 miles - stayed at the Canada House - left there
the next day for Ottawa. In 1912 came up by train from Nova Scotia.
12. North route.
13. Came with a friend of his named Boyd. His brothers were in the states
14. Worked in a blacksmith Shop. The Nipissing and learnt the trade.
15. Still single.
16. Retired.
17. Dead. Alex was married twice.
17a. Alex wanted to enlist very badly in the army but because of his bad knee he knew he would be turned down, but Father O'Gorman a good friend of his and parish priest at St. Patrick's Church said he would
see he'd get in. Sure enough he got on the boat and they accepted him. They left Jan 1st 1917. For 10 months he worked at building the 7th Light Railway. Became a blacksmith there where he worked
for rest of the time. This was in Ypres Salina France - Etope for
3 months went before the medical board on account of his knee. He ended up in Sergeant. Salina France was one of the worst places for
bombing. In 1918 took trench fever was sent to the centre of France. In 1919 war was over - so Alex came back to Windsor Great Park - in England 2 months later went back to France as Master Mechanic.
Oct. 19, 1919 - got married to Marie Mimiaque. Came to Nova Scotia -then in 1921 came to Cobalt for 2nd time.
18. Very busy - didn't like it too much at first but did later - boarded
with Mrs. Pierce - and old school friend from Antigonish. Then when
he came back in 1921 - also stayed with her again - for a few months
then he and his wife found a place.
They used to go to the big French Church on O'Brien Property across the lake but it blew down in 1914 - in a heavy wind storm - after St. Pats
and St. Theresa's were built.
19. Pay day night you had to move with the crowd.
20. Had a lot of hard luck with mill so decided to sell when Boyd told
him about Cobalt = then his luck changed for the better.
21. They came in Fall, cut wood with Bill Newton in bush made enough
to live then in spring went into blacksmith shop. Torn McCormick
best blacksmith in town then.
22. 10 hours.
23. i31.75 a day
24. Had a room up on Lang St. - then moved to an apartment over Tommy Black's. Then he worked for Mining Corp. and wife took over Racine
Apts.
25. Had visitors in Don McEacheron and wife
26. In house.
27. Electricity
28. Wood Stove
29. Coal heater.
30. Real good a lot more than today clothing - 2 hardware’s - Taylor & Rowdon’s
31. 5 theatres. At least 7 or 8 blind pigs. Sports - 3 or 4
hockey games a week.
32. No there was a YMCA in town - really lively place.
33. No.
34. quit at 16 - worked 4 years on sailing vessels at sea off the east coast.
35. Street cars every 15 minutes - lots of horse and buggies.
36. Dr. Mitchell.
37. Mine's hospital - very good - was in with tonsillitis.
38.
39.
40.
41. Worked at Silver Centre on Hoist - ran a tractor from Cobalt to Silver Centre.
42. Drilling - hand steeling at ball parks.
43. Same as today only heavier meals desserts always included.
44. Same as above - went to a huge market to shop - people came from
all over.
45. Didn't have mini skirts then - wore work pants.
46. Suit - white shirt - well dressed.
47. Went to mass - played cards - a game called Pedro.
48. No.
49. More friends in both Cobalt and Latchford.,
50. Above
51. Town looks better.
52.
53.
54.
55. Not really.
56.
57. Summer
58. Play cards mostly cribbage - watches television and goes to Church
59. Not now - but years ago liked to build things - built an automatic switch which should have been patented but couldn't afford it.
60. There's people that won't work anyhow.
61. People with money.
62. Mining tours, Museum , good clean air and water.

 Highlights

Alex's interview was really terrific for a man of 89 his memory was
and still is terrific.
At one time in Cobalt he owned the Fraser house - named it after himself. They rented the . Bilsky Block in 1930 - and owned it from 1934
bought it from Vanburg for $6500, made it into hotel - when beer was legalized. They owned it from 1934 - 1937. Alex's wife died in 1937
then things fell apart. He remarried Flossie Legris they lived in Gillies for years till his wife died in 1969. He sold his house and now lives
with Father Costello.




Lucy Damiani March 7,1972
8:30 - 10:00
1. Dario Gabbani
2. Noger
3. Ernestine Gauthier
4. 80 Earl St.
5. 679-8232
6. 53 years old
7. Born in Turbine Sudbury area, wife born in Callandar
8. Father and mother both born in Pesaro
9. Italy
10. Dario's mother and father married in 1912 came to Montreal Que. in 1914 then went to Sudbury and in 1920 came to Cobalt.
11. came by train to Cobalt
12. by way of North Bay
13. Mother and father and another brother and sister all came together.
14. I was working on a mine property lease with my father at age 17. At 19 started working in my cousins garage Gabbani's Garage as a mechanic
15. Worked at Buckovetskys as salesclerk until I married.
16. Mill maintenance operator.
17. hairdresser and housewife
17a. Joined the Canadian Army ordinance Corps. in 1941 and was discharged in 1945. Was stationed in Vancouver and BC
18. Was too young to remember I was only a year old when we came here but as I grew up remember on both sides of Lang Street was all stores Vellis, Koury, clothing Bata’s Shoe Store, Ansara shoemaker, Auger fruit store, Buckovetskys was a large 3 store department store one was shoe section, ladies clothes and mens wear. It employed about 10 people not including managers, Aimones poolroom, Quality Lunch, Cain’s furniture, Rowdon Hardware, which was one of Cobalt’s unique stores, everything was piled up and when you dug in and found a good bone china cup and saucer or genuine Japanese tea pot Mr. Black would come up with "What do you want with that piece of junk" I'm not selling it and when Mr. Black said I'm not selling it you might as well go because he meant it.
19. When I was growing up I remember Cobalt was always a great sports town we had the YMCA for bowling, dancing, swimming, badminton, basketball and there was always a gang of kids to go everywhere with and play together
We had a nice big are .4a- for skating there were wooden sidewalks and dirt roads for highway - later on we had them all paved and I remember in 1956 when John Damiani was Mayor we got all our back streets paved.
20. When we first came to Cobalt in 1920 my father was looking for a job. His
brother was here before him and told him it would be easy to get a job. We lived in Giroux Lake for awhile and it was a good size then with its
own school up to about 4th grade and streetcars came to Cobalt & Haileybury. The only means of transportation in winter was walking or horse sleighs and skiing, my mother often skied into Cobalt to visit and pick up
supplies it was almost 3 miles into town.
21. There was mining at O'Brien mine, Nippissing Agnico, Larose, Silver Miller Coniagas, McKinley-Darragh, Buffalo, Mining Corp. and there were Lumber Camps in Latchford. We also had a foundry here.
22. 8 hours a day and 6 days a week.
23. $3. a day
24. When I got married we had a small house we rented at the Fraser House rented from McGarry's on Earl St. Sestos on Earl St. and finally in 1953 we built the home we are in now. It’s a two storey building with 5 rooms downstairs and one large double bedroom upstairs.
25. My wife is French and we used to celebrate New Years more than we did Christmas we hung stockings and got fruit and clothes for gifts - there weren't too many presents in those days but all the relatives and families got together and we always had a good time. Anyone that had a shotgun used to go outdoors and shout a couple of shots to bring in the New Year. At one time my father told me they used to blow all the mine whistles at midnight and even the ground shook with the sound. Now we celebrate the traditional Christmas with our children exchange gifts, have a tree, traditional family turkey supper and gathering.
26. Water in home with all conveniences, 3 piece bath. In the early days we used to carry pails of water into the house from the well outside.
27. Electricity with all the appliances it brings. TV, washer, dryer, mixer, toaster, iron, hair dryer, shaver, sewing machine, stove, refrigerator & freezer.
28. Early days it was all wood stove for cooking went into bush to cut our own wood. Now we have an electric stove,
29. Wood and coal for heating used to get up to keep coal on the heater for cold nights now its central heating with gas furnace.
30. There were stores and shops up and down both sides of Lang Street, Martins,
second hand store, Ledovitz mens wear, Morin Freres, Coutu Rava’s Damiani's Giachino grocery stores in later years Dominion store and Red & White, Zanin
bakery, Harrison Fikery, Trudel Bottling works, Sparhams & Charboneaus Jewelry, Murphy’s blacksmith, Chenier Funeral Home, and later Smarts funeral  Chapel, we have always had a French and Irish Catholic Church the Baptist Presbyterian Gospel Mission, Anglican Salvation Army, a small Synagogue, we 1 'e known as the town of the churches.
31. Some theatres, community Hall, where we all went for sports and dancing any night of the week to the musical the nickelodeon, we used to sigh ride and skate at the French Rink, swimming at Pete Lake, the old town hall for dances, the Finn Hall for gymnastics, dances, parties. Used to pick berries in the summer to make money and take baskets down to the train to ship to Toronto
32. hockey, baseball, bowling
33. Dario Public School Ernestine French School.
34. Dario to grade 9, Ernestine went to Convent in Haileybury.
35. There were street cars; buses, cars.
36. Dr. Case
37. Had to go to Misericordia Hospital in Haileybury.
38. born in Cobalt
394, Billie was 18, Louise was 17, Therese is in grade 9
40. Billie is working as a linesman for Hydro.
41. There were waterliners and stoppers, no mucking machines. It was all done by shovel. It was dangerous underground then, now we have safety measures.
42. Hand steeling and mucking contests held on the slimes by West Cobalt.
43. Took a lunch pail to work sandwiches fruit, cookies
44. 'Main meal is suppertime because everyone is home by 4:30 p.m. Wife is a good cook. We have good home cooked meals.
45. We wear sports clothes through the week.
46. And on Sundays we always dress up to go to Church if we are going fishing or to the lake, change back to _ sports clothes.
47. Go out in the bush to hunt fish or pick berries and mushrooms.
48. Have old snaps of ourselves as children some of our mothers and fathers.
49. I think we have a better system for snow removal there's a big improvement
from years past. Our kids are lucky to have organized hockey and longer
periods on ice than anywhere else. I have a married sister $n North By
and her husband has to get up at 5 a.m. to take the youngsters to their
hockey practice.
50. Because it makes for a better to live in everyone enjoys it. There’s a good recreation program.
--. Recreation has improved greatly since it is organized therefore more things going on sports, majorettes, drum band, handicraft classes, Miners Festival every summer.
52. The changes have all been for the betterment of the town.
53. Yes the High School situation
54. There is much discontent among the students and it is being run a little bit like a dictatorial regime, maybe the caliber of principal and
teachers could be better.
55. Think you should have street signs and make people put numbers on houses and sometimes I find the garbage pickup , throws the cans back into the yard rather than bring it back.
56. Mining municipalities should have something else going for them. I'm not sure if it should be from a government level but I think so could we encourage other industry to come in.
57. Summer and fall is very pretty in the woods around here its nice to be out
58. Both bowl, watch TV, and like a night out once in awhile
59. He does car repairs and bodywork. She does hairdressing and sewing.
60. We should do something about the mines or another industry, and then work on tourist trade. Could encourage American industrialists to come in.
61. Maybe the tourists would find Cobalt and area interesting - we have much to offer.
62. Fishing, hunting, mine tours, museum, new library, a fantastic book shop down the highway the best Chinese restaurant from Kapuskasing to North Bay, many historical sights Old Mission, compressed air plant at Ragged Chutes good beach area at Bass Lake and many more things to do and see. Perhaps we could get some help from Dep't of Tourism.
Highlights,
We would like something done for Cobalt so we can keep our people here if there isn't work. many will move away, the town suffers, the business places don't do well, while we are on it be we should definitely have a Senior Citizens for
those on limited income..Hope our dream comes true, we'd like to stay here and we'd like to see our friends stay.



Lucy Damiani February 17, 1972
6 - 7 p.m.
1. Gettulie Gabbani
2. none
3. Wife's maiden name Malvina Corbelli
4. 5 Third St.
5. 679-5952
6. 73 years old
7. Montelabate Pesaro, Italy.
8. Montelabate Pesaro, Italy
9. Italy
10. To Cobalt in 1923 arrived from Italy to Montreal 1914
11. train
12. by North Bay
13. With my brother and sister-in-law.
14. Worked with the town on maintenance crew
15. Housewife
16. 1 am retired
17. Retired Housewife
18. They told me it was a booming mining town but I guess after the strike (I think it was 1916) people started leaving and it wasn't as busy as I expected.
19. The town had already been built and had a school, churches, shops, stores, shows and theatres, hotels but our roads were still gravel.
20. Came here to get a job and in a few weeks I had one.
21. Just mining and milling
22. They worked 8 hours a day.
23. The pay was about 411.75 per day.
24. My first home on Earl Street was a two story building.
25. With friends and relatives playing cards, talking and drinking.
26. We had running water in the home.
27. Electricity for light.
28. Wood stoves for cooking.
29. Wood and coal both for heating.
30. Where was a good shopping area with all kinds of stores.
31. Played cards, you could go to shows, beer parlors, dances.
32. No time for sports as a youngster had to work and help with the
chores around home.
33. Not too much schooling in Italy.
34. A little over one year.
35. Very few cars we used horses, horse drawn buggies and the electric streetcars that travelled next to the train tracks. You could go to Haileybury for 5 cents. Children free.
36. Dr. Case.
37. We had a small hospital with good facilities.
38. All three were born in Cobalt.
39. All went to lower school one was 16 and went to work on railroad for per day, one was 18 and one was 15.
40. One on railroad, one at match factory, one at housework.
41. The work was hard pick and shovel.
42. They had drilling contests and tug of war.
43. Not as good as nowadays but still hearty meals, sometimes fruit for dessert.
44. All the family ate together at table and ate the same food.
45. 1 spent my first Christmas here with relatives and friends visiting.
46. Clean plain clothes for work.
47. Couldn't afford fancy clothes for Sunday. They were plain and sometimes made over especially for the children.
48. With friends or at family picnics at the lake. One winter we stayed at home but took turns going to different houses for card games.
49. I have just saved a few pictures through the years.
50. It’s a good quiet town and has good snow removal, and garbage disposal.
51. Because at my age 1 enjoy the quiet and services a small town gives.
52. The parks the new sidewalks we have more parking space down twin.
53. like everything about it
54. No we are fortunate the teenagers that seem to pose problems everywhere don't get into trouble here.
55. nothing
56. Yes
57. Would like us to have a better shopping area and especially a drug store which we need badly also a dentist and if we can't get another Doctor, we should go back to the old days of V.O.N. nurse.
58. Summer
59. Playing cards, watching T.V., gardening and fishing.

Lucy Damiani
60. Gardening
61. A factory or other industry to keep our young people here maybe a collegiate.
62. Develop tourist trade.
63. Have wonderful spots for fishing, hunting, beaches, for the summer also family parks and trailer parks.

HIGHLIGHTS

I want to say I am proud to have been a Cobalter and hope to end my days here. My wife and I find it central for the children to visit and we have everything we need here in Cobalt.



Lucy Damiani February 23, 1972
1:30 - 2:30
1. Lucienne Gabbani
2. none
3. Lucienne Larabie
4. 86 Lang St.
5. 679-8262
6.51 years old
7. In Cobalt
8. Both in Buckingham
9. Quebec
10. Born here, Mother & Father came to Cobalt in 1910
11. They came by train
12. By way of North Bay
13. Mother and Father came to Cobalt with one son
14. Worked in garage and operated a taxi
15. Hairdresser
16. Retired businessman
17. Housewife
18. Lived at mileage 104 and can't remember too much of childhood
19. Moved here when I was 16 and most of the mines were still operating
20. Came to Cobalt because family moved here
21. There was mining and work in some of the stores
22. 8 hours per day
23. Worked with hairdresser as apprentice for 3. per week
24. After I married I moved to Matachewan and came back to Cobalt in 1943 moved into a small one storey house, with 3 rooms
25. When the children were small spent Christmas's with family and relatives
26. Water in home
27. Electricity
28. Oil stove for cooking
29. Oil heater for heat
30. There was a good variety of shops, years back everything you needed right here, not like now, and we have to go out of town for so many things.
31. Shows, dances, small house parties,
32. No time for sports,
33. St. Theresa's French School
34. Grade 10
35. Cars, buses, streetcars
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Cobalt Municipal Hospital
38. In Matachewan (twins)
39. They were 18
40. Veronica worked as a secretary at Haileybury Hospital and Vincent worked at garage and with bus and taxi business
41. We had no miners in the family
42. Heard about drilling contests
43. We ate very good meals with meat, beans, pancakes, stews, buckwheat flour, my mother baked her own bread
44. The family ate together and the food was the same for everyone.
45. Spent Christmas with family and relatives.
46. On weekdays we wore plain clothes
47. On Sundays we really dressed up and went for walks
48. We used to go out in the woods to play
49. Family album, full of pictures that I treasure
50. Its a good town to live in
51. Good municipal government, excellent snow removal, garbage disposal
52. The town has cleaned up new parks, new buildings, and a nice new sub-division
53. I like all the changes, they bettered the town
54. No. I like it
55. I like it all.
56. Yes
57. We should definitely have a drug store and a few more stores to improve shopping area.
584 Like the fall scenery is beautiful at this time of year and there is no unbearable heat or bugs.
59. Curl, curl, curl.
60. No.
61. We should get government. aid for more jobs and get people off welfare
62. I don't think the average tourist benefits the community - they don't spend that much money when they are here
63. Many points of interest, good beaches, fishing, hunting, history of mining. We have mine tours, mining museum, Drummond Cairn, new hydro project, downtown, a new library, a new motel for accommodations, also trailer parks for families and many more interesting sights.




Lucy Damiani April 7, 1972
7:00 - 8:30
1. Joseph Natale Giovanella
2. none
3. widower wife deceased 1970
4. 106 Earl Street
5. 679-8247
6. Born Dec. 3rd, 1896 - 76 yrs. old
7. Taino como Prov. (now known as prov. of Veresa) Italy
8. Taino Como Prov (now known as pray. of Veresa,) Italy
9. Italy
10. now 5th 1912
11. on ship Province from LeHavre France, it was a French steamship line. The "Province “was one of the bigger faster liners, it was sunk during the war 1915.
12. We were 8 days crossing then landed in New York, 1912. Came to Cobalt by way of New York Toronto and North Bay, Cobalt by rail from Bay no road no cars
13. I came with my mother my sister, I was 16 at the time, and my father was already here he had come over in 1897.
14. Started working in a mine a few months after I arrived.
J. In 1918 I was married to Beatrice Gamlin of Ville Marie. I met her in Cobalt she was working as a housemaid. Her family was one of the first pioneers to come to Ville Marie they came from "Palycarpe des Saint" Quebec
16. Retired mill hand
17. widower
18. It was a lively town full of bob nailed boots and flannel shirt miners -their families at that time there wasn't just one or two families move in They used to come gangs of 40 or 50 families at a time. No wonder they built these shacks in a hurry, they needed a place to stay right away.
19. It had dirt roads wooden sidewalks frame homes, some were just shacks, supposed to have been temporary homes some of these still stand on their original sight.
20. The family and I came over from Italy to live with my father. He came in 1897 and made a home then sent for us.
21. Mining mostly we had a saw mill at Moose Lake which was later moved to West Cobalt. My sister Lind who lived at home with us until she married Anthony Rava in 1922. He was also a miner and they lived at the Buffalo Mine Property - it was like a small community out there connected with West Cobalt they had a large ball field a few stores and a mine hall or mess. In 1924 the Rava’s bought a large two storey frame dwelling with glassed in verandah and three rooms upstairs 4 downstairs this was on Earl Street where we are living now.
22. Worked 10 hours a day when I first started in the mine this was for 5 months then I worked as a mill hand until my retirement. Our pay was $1.75 a day and machine men were paid about $2.00 a day. There was a union even in those days and the Union Hall was situated where the present Recreation Office is. There was a strike and after it was over the men got a raise of 250 a day. I bought a house on Earl Street and lived here until 1928 when I moved to South Porcupine.
23. The mines were starting to close so I went to South Porcupine to work. I was employed at the Dome Mine for three years from there I went to Preston East Dome until it closed in 1948 because of a fire. I went to Hoyle Mine Co. owned by Ventures and I was in charge of the mechanics. My boss was Jack Dunlop who was until his death last year retired and living in Haileybury. In 1949 I came back to Cobalt and worked at the Refinery then I worked for Bill Taylor at the Mensilvo Mines went to Giroux Lake for a few months before started at the 104 Mill under Harry Bambrick when it burnt down I retired.
24. We had water in the homes when I bought my house it was only in the early days perhaps early 19001s that they bought pails of water from a vender who went around with tanks on his wagon.
25. There was electricity in the home. We have the necessities and commodities common nowadays radio refrigerator, electric stove, iron, taster, kettle, TV, a new gas furnace installed a few years ago
28. We used to cook on a wood stove then we went to oil, two years ago we bought an electric stove which we now use for cooking
29. In the old days it was a big Quebec heater in the centre of the living room with stovepipes running all through the house, now it’s a modern gas stove.
30. There were all kinds of stores on both sides of Lang Street right from the bridge at North and to the South end of town. It certainly was a different picture coming back in 1949 from about 100 stores to some 25 left here now there are about 10 left.
31. We used to play horseshoes, bocce, card games, that sometimes went all night long. There were many drinking places, shows, halls for dancing. We used to get big tent circuses in '.ere at North Cobalt with live
animals and trapeze artists these were a big thing. In winter there was always skating, skiing, sleigh riding and we used to go back and forth to the homes for cards dancing, singing.
32. Not many sports other than horseshoes and bocce
33. just trains and horses
36. Dr. Schmidt
37. There was a Red Cross hospital where Buffam’s is today. It was a two storey building with about 10 rooms downstairs and about 4 or 5 large rooms upstairs
38. Both Charlie & Mario were born in Cobalt
39. Both boys went to High School
40. At about age 19 they started out on their own. Mario got a job at Hollinger Mine and was a hockey player for Hollinger team. Charlie went to School for radio technical in Timmins. Later on he went to Toronto and took a TV technical course.
41. We have always dressed in just a plain shirt and trouser.
42. On Sundays if something special was on we would dress up in suits. I remember when we used to drive to North Bay to see the first talkie movies I think about 1927 and it was something to go that far in those day- There were also about 7 or 8 cars in the Tri-Town area

Highlights

Jack Murphy from Haileybury used to drive one and it was also rare to see a woman driver the police used to stop her for speeding often. Then there was a truck in town and he got a contract delivering for O'Gorman coal dealer. Mr. -Rowdon our local hardware merchant went to England for a visit and to take his car over with him he had to have it sent by flat car on the railroad to North Bay the Ferguson Highway hadn't opened up yet. I worked in the mines for just a few months before going to mill work but I found the mines were fairly good for working conditions because even in those days they had mine safety inspectors
On July 1st there was always big drilling contests going on at the West Cobalt field it used to attract miners from the area Kirkland and Timmins also we used to have fun in those days. Sunday was always a big day. Horseshoes, baseball, mucking drill contests, picnics always something doing.
I don't know what can be done to help Cobalt but it sure needs a shot in the arm. I've seen it when it was good and bad but this last recession we went through I think is the worst of course I think part of it is the general economy of the country. In the last few weeks I've heard encouraging rumors the mines are getting a grant and this will help some of them with low grade ore to operate
at a profit. The Refinery is opening up again price of silver has gotten a little boost so I think we are ever the hums.
Definitely we need a subsidy for silver like Timmins is getting for gold and Elliot Lake is getting for uranium this will help our economy. There is still much silver to be mined. They should have never 'eased properties to private leasers. They took out the best of veins and left the property in shambles when they were finished. They didn't care if it was left without proper stoping etc., when they were through ping at the silver they just threw everything back in & left, now over the years these holes have frozen up closed up and it would be very hard to open them up again. Tourist trade should definitely be encouraged but lets educate our business public or those with facilities for the tourist not to fleece them as the saying goes. Many places have filled their own tourist boom by doing this. Just to the south of us in Temagami
as a perfect example - the tourist will just go somewhere else where he is well treated. Also more advertising and have capable personnel in charge of Tourist information Booths. I have been told by friends who came here and wanted to see sights fish etc. They stopped and inquired downtown no one could tell them where to go for mine sights fishing & picnicking, so they went up to
Kirkland and stopped here for a visit on the way back. Have all kinds of folders available to travelers make sure publicity gets in all the papers, not just local ones. I think its very nice to see the downtown renovation program old sites are being removed new parks going up we have a trailer park, new subdivision with lovely homes new parking spaces are available. This is all very good for the town a credit to our Mayor and Council we should carry on and keep the best old town alive. It’s always been a good place to live, I like it here. I can drive to a spot for fishing and hunting without going too far. We have a fair rate in our taxes good snow removal, garbage collection and I would like to see all this kept up.


Simone Bedard April 12, 1972
9:30 - 10:45
1. Albert Giroux & Anita Giroux
2. Anita Beaudoin
3. 50 Russell St.
4. 679-8447
5. Mill mechanic Housewife -wife
6. Cobalt wife-Espanola
7. Father Plantagenet, Ontario, Mother Rutherglen,Ont. Wife1s father Bonfield Ont, Mother Espanola,Ont(of wife)
8. married
9. 36 yrs. old
10. We came to live in Cobalt in 1965 and to us Cobalt has been going up. I find the educational facilities very good and I have nothing against my children travelling to go to school out of town. For the size of the town and the mine situation I would say Cobalt is in a reasonable state. Job opportunities are very low, training is nil and wages are fair in Cobalt. City facilities are not the best. Private enterprise, the overhead (rent) is too high, so a person who wants to make a go of it has no chance. We should have a swimming pool in the _Cobalt Lake Park with proper facilities & supervision. Also have a baseball diamond in the town limits with organized minor baseball.
11. The streets could be repaired & widened in certain parts of the town, the back streets could be plowed better and snow removed being that the streets are so narrow. It would be nice to keep filling and cementing the old shafts for the protection of our children.
12. They have taken some of the old buildings down and this has improved the town some.
13. The downtown area could do with a bigger variety of businesses; a shopping center would be nice to have. We need another doctor in town, also a dentist, a lawyer and a drug store.
14. In bettering the town of Cobalt it would attract individual enterprises.




Simone Bedard
1. Bruno Giroux 37 Galbraith
2. 679-8279
3. 66 years old Jeanne Giroux 3, Boulanger
4. 62 years old April 26,1972
7. Plantagenet,Ont. I was born in Grand Dessert now
8. Bruno. My parents were born in Plantagenet, know as Rutherglen
Jeanne. My parents were born in St. Marcelin des Escoumains, Que.
9. Bruno. They were from Plantagenet. Jeanne. my parents left Grand Dessert to move to Earlton and then on to Sassaginika Lake
10. Bruno. My parents came to Cobalt around 1917. Jeanne, I had a sister here Mrs. Pierre Loranger and I lived with her for awhile and met my husband and I came to Cobalt by train.
11. We came to Cobalt by train
13. Bruno. When we came to Cobalt there were my parents and six children. Jeanne When we came to Earlton we were 4 children and my parents.
14. Bruno. My dad was a carpenter at the Nipissing Mine. Jeanne, My father was a section man for the ONR
16, I am retired from the ONR since 1969
—Th. I was too young for the first war and I had too many children for the second

18. Bruno. I came from a farm and to me it was a very nice place and there were a lot of stores,
20. Bruno. My father came here to find work and we came to join him later, Jeanne. I came here to work for my sister Mrs. Pierre Loranger and I met my husband and we got married and made our home here,
21. There was all kinds of employment available the Nipissing Mine, Larose, Townsite were all hiring and there was also construction work.
22. On the ONR we worked 8 hours a day,
23. I was getting 12.40 a day
24. Bruno. Our first home was a two storey frame home on Watson St. Jeanne our first home after we were married was on North Ave. and it was a 3 apartment tenant house.
25. Bruno. Our Christmas was very quiet as we had no relatives around here, The toys were rare and we were given an orange and a few candies. Jeanne. I saw my first Christmas tree in Earlton and it was decorated with strings of popcorn. We had a few toys and we visited with neighbours. My mother made meat pied and cakes etc.
26. We had water in the house.
27. Bruno. We had electricity, Jeanne. We had coal oil lamps.
28, Wood stove only
30. We had stores on both sides of Lang St.
31. There were dance halls, theaters and we had house parties.
32. Bruno. I'd go swimming at the YMCA and I was a spectator at hockey games and ball games, I would also go the theater.
33. Bruno, I went to St. Hillarion School on O'Brien property.
34. Bruno. I finished school in grade 6
35. We had the street cars, and horse & buggies.
36. Dr. Taylor was our first family doctor,
37. We had a nice hospital and the services were very good.
38. Our first child was born in Cobalt
39&40. Maurice went to grade 9 and he was only 14 years old when he quit, he
worked for the extra gang. Norman went to grade 9 and went to work at the Silver Miller. Larose mill, he later finished his education by correspondence course, Pau__ finished school in grade 9 and went to work for Woolworth's and was transferred to Val D'Or. Albert went to grade 8 and then went to work on the extra gang. Denis quit school in grade 8 and worked for Gamble
Robinson Wholesale Store. Patricia went to Ste. Mary's Academy for two years and then worked for Sam Buckovetsky’s. Leo went to Ste, Fatima High School and went to work at the smelter.
41. My job on the railroad was general maintenance. I'd repair tracks, replace old tiles and burn grass
42. Hand mucking and hand steeling contests.
44. Fresh vegetables, meat and desserts.
46. Bruno. On Sundays we'd wear our suits, white shirts and ties. Jeanne. We
were well dressed we had special clothes that we'd wear just on Sundays.
47.Bruno. We'd go to Church then we'd go to the hall games or hockey games and
sometimes I'd play horse shoe. Jeanne. I played with paper dolls and dolls I
would also play ball
48. No.
49 & 50. I think it’s a nice friendly town we know a lot of people, its quiet and we're happy.
51. We have a few nice parks in town, they keep the town nice and clean, and the renovations of Lang St. have really improved the town.
We've lost a lot of our businesses here, such as the Freight sheds, Hydro office. Long distance telephone and many more.
53. Cobalt is good enough for me.
55. If we had a shopping center this would help us terribly. We don't have much choice in the stores and they are also quite expensive so we do some of our shopping out of town. There's not enough amusement for the teenagers. And we should also have police protection.
57. I like Cobalt all year round,
58. I go to Bingos, I belong to the Women's Institute, Les Femmes Chretienne and Hospital Auxiliary and we also play cards.
59. I knit and crochet a lot, I also do liquid embroidery
60. I wish the mines would open up to have more employment to our people. 62. We have a nice marling museum and also the mining tours in summer.
Highlights
I started working when I was 17 years old in 1923 as a section man for the ONR and worked for 462 years until my retirement in 1969. We had a reunion of boys who had went to St. Hillarion school on O'Brien Property, a lot of the boys were married by this time, this reunion was organized by Omer Sabourin now living in Ville-Marie Que. and it was held at the Elkhorn Lodge at Bass Lake. Around 1946 we had a big snow storm and all the roads were blocked and the snow banks were so high that we couldn't see the stores on in town.



Carmen Stubinski May 25, 1972
3 1/2- hours
1. John A. Gore
2. Don
4. 31 Ruby St. Cobalt
5. 679-5710
6. 46 years old
7. Kirkland Lake. Teck Hughes Property
8. My father came from Fitzerackley England. My mother from Peterboro, Ont. They were married in North Bay, moved to Kirkland Lake. Mother was left a widow with 4 children in 1929. She came to 23 Cobalt in 1930. She stayed with Mr. 8: Mrs. Nolan on Earl St. She got a big empty house on Watson St. This house was empty as no one wanted to live in it, because a man supposedly had been murdered in it and thrown to the cellar. After the man was murdered the bishop came and blessed the house. People that were living there were Italian descent, the man that was killed was a Finlander. The fight started in a poker game. He got knifed in the stomach. We moved in funny things started to happen. The toilet would flush on its own. Then you'd hear cheers like people playing at a baseball game. We were playing out in the yard one night there was a cord of wood delivered to our place. We went in the house heard a loud noise. There was a square piece of tin 30 x 30 nailed over this hole in the basement. We three children were alone. Mother was working for Mr. & Mrs. McCord. He was a mounted police here in Cobalt. The tin made a big noise and blew up. We ran screaming to the neighbours they came right away. One stayed by the hole the other searched the house. They found nothing just the burst up tin. One time mother came home and found the drawers all pulled out. Money, candy and clothes were still there, dumped out all over the room. Shortly after we moved out of the haunted house, there were reports they saw a man running away from there at times. We moved on Earl St. in a house that belonged to Jack McGale, the house is still there. We moved to the Coniagas Property 1931-32. My mother's brother Uncle Harry Fraser came to live with us. Mother worked and also made homemade bread, buns and donuts and sold them to different people, Joe my brother used to deliver them to her customers. Mrs. Frank Todd was a customer. Mother and Bill Peebles got married in the mid 301s, Bill Peebles was a plumber. This man was a well known respected character. He was born on the Isle of Man came to Canada with his dad in 1905. His dad was a machinist he worked at Joe Sweets Machine Shop down by the TNO siding. Bill started to work there too. He started there as an apprentice. Then he became associated with Jake Fy4sit in the old red fire hall.
He learned plumbing there and worked there for a good many years. Bill Peebles lid plumbing in practically every establishment in Cobalt. He started plumbing in 1907 and did plumbing till the day he died in 1958. He lived by himself
in the old Cobalt Hotel on Swamp Street. He had a room there. One time he got a call to come and move a stove in a blind pig joint. There were 4 men lifting the stove it was so heavy they took the lids off to see what made it so heavy. It was stacked and jammed tight with high grade leaf silver. Bill was a very strong man one night on park street in a blind pig there was a ruckus Bill was put in Sail for fighting and being drunk. Jake Eydt came and got him out as they needed him on a job.
In 1911 Jake Eydt got an order to install the first hot air furnace in Kirkland Lake. The year the power plant went into Sandy Falls. They installed furnaces and did plumbing for the plant. In those days they bought galvanized iron in sheets, car load, lots of everything, they used in those days were handmade. In Jake's shop they made articles for the mines, prospectors,
dairies etc. One night in the Cobalt Hotel there was a big poker game. Bob O'Gorman and Bill Peebles saw this man come and hid a big roll of money under a garbage can. He hid it there while the party was on. Bill was a hard worker, --but he also liked his liquor. He would take a 25 oz. bottle tip it to his lips and drink it down in one drink. He was a man's man, after he married mother
he didn't drink so much. Jake Eydt at one time had 30 to 40 men working for him in his business. They used to carry their tools by horse wagon or sleigh. They did a lot of work for Northern Ontario Power, at Hound Chutes, Ragged Chutes, Kerr Lake, and Silver Centre. When Jake retired, he gave his business to Bill. Business had dropped off.
So he left Bill his tools and equipment. Through Bill's drinking and RITA changing of times business deteriorated. He was a master mechanic but no business man lost the majority. He then rented from Mr. Giachino behind the store
on Silver Street had his own plumbing shop. Depression hit things got worse; He moved to the Coniagas property and operated from his own home. He still made roof jacks stove pipes, as progress came, hand made articles couldn't keep with machines. I started to work with Bill at Mrs. Benny's house, where Cy Bazinet lives today. Mrs. Benny died so he and the children moved away. We drained the plumbing so it wouldn't freeze. In the 1940's, when they moved the town hall to the YMCA, we took out the police cells. We put 2 of them in the
old Herbert block, we tore all the plumbing and heating out of the old town hall. Bill took over the contract for TTL he did all the plumbing and heating system. Hand made piping etc. for the dust collectors. Pipes had to be made to fit buildings. Bill did it. The professional engineers working for the Ontario Government were amazed; it was an art in itself, the skill of the plumbing.
Joe Houston, Mr. Young and Mr. Sinclair examined it. Ha and mother bought two houses down town next to the hotel. One belonged to Paddle Knap who worked at the ONR Freight office. Frank Cassie a mining machinery man did plumbing for them. Through Bill Peebles knowing so much about the water situation. This is where I got some of the information on the protection of the water shed. Bill was very self conscious of water pollution. He told me years ago, we'd have to go back to the land with this stuff. He may be proven right.
16. Stationery engineer, licensed plumber in Provincial and inter-provincial. 23. I got 500 per week when I first started to help Bill.
33. Started school in the annex in the old Public School yard. TI annex was moved and integrated with the High School.
35. Feet, street cars and trains, horses used to ride Tom Belanger's ice wagon. Harry's Bakery delivered by horse.
36. Dr. Schmidt.
38. Lady Minto Hospital New Liskeard
39. Virginia finished Highschool took commercial went to work for Dep't of Mines in Toronto. Joseph finished grade 13 and went to work for the Department of Highways. I have 2 still going to school.
48. Plumbing tools of Bill Peebles
49. The people
50. Native ingenuity
51. Streets kept clean
52. I wasn't happy to see the hospital go. It was straight economics. I wasn't happy at all to see the telephone offices go. We lost our Hydro; we've lost some of our churches. We are in the process of losing our schools. Most important of all we are losing our local autonomy. Already the cestodes are moving in with an eye on our water sheds. There is no place in the province of Ontario that owns their own water but the town of Cobalt. The last belongs to the crown. For 60 years we have kept this much shed restored in its natural state. It has provided the residents of Cobalt with a pure water supply at a very moderate cost. No where else can you take a cup and scoop a cup of water out of a lake and drink it. If we had a local health board in Cobalt we wouldn't have the problems we are having, today. Let's keep the one thing we have left. Our pure good Cobalt water.
53. like Cobalt, wouldn't live anywhere else.
55. yes
56. First we have Hydro at our finger tips. Unique source of power, air power, as we have, any industry that specifically requires air driven machinery or tools can operate in this area. We have it in its raw material state.
57. All seasons
58. Prospecting, hunting and fishing
59. Canoeing, writing poetry
60. We need knowledgeable people from the government with financial hacking.
61. tourists
62. First Bass Lake. The natural sources fishing, hunting, unique scenery for artists, photography, clear air, pure good water, snowmobiling, skiing, riding trails, walking trails, arena, canoeing, boating,

Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: March 14
Interviewer: Time: 1 1/2 hrs.
1. Mrs. Ida Greening (Mrs. Walter)
2,
3, Ida Higgins
4. 679-8177
5. 82 Jamieson St. Cobalt
6. 47
7. Parry Sound
8.
9.
10. Car 1939
11. Car with trailer on the back
12. East, North on No. 11 Highway
13. Mine of us
14. miner
15, never worked
16. winter works program
17. housewife
18. never saw a town so rugged
19. I was depression years not busy
20. I came because my mother and dad came
21.
22.
23.
24. A large Frame house on the buffalo property that belonged to Bill McKinnon. I can remember our neighbours were Mrs. Frank Riley, Bob McAlister, the Borrie's, and Tom Mulholland Mrs. Gilmour. There use to be a long building the mine use that was turned,
into a apartment house
25. Poor. We go our Xmas cheer from the town. My dad was picking Cobalt for Alf Rowland Jimmie Parsons
26. in house
27. Hydro
28. Wood stove
29. Quebec Heater
30. There were quite a few stores
31. The only time we ever went to a show. Was when you would get in free if you brought
a broken tag to be repaired for xmas cheer parcels
32. Slide down hill on cardboard boxes play in the shafts. Walk the pipe line
33. Old public school. I can remember the Tressider boys going, Albert Chitaroni, Bob McLeod, Joyce Leaper and Marg Winks
34. not very many
35. trains
36. Dr, Wallingford his office was in the Fraser Hotel
37. Cobalt mines hospital. I was in it too
38. Timmins
39.
40.
41.
42.
43. same as anyone else
44. Large meals
45. Dress bare feet in summer
46. Best Clothes
47. played
48.
49. Handy to downtown
50, with there were more stores to shop in so I wouldn't have to go out of town to shop
51, Fixed the streets. Made New Streets. Tore down old buildings and made a perk.
52. They should build up Lang Street, sill it up with stores. It's an eye sore in spots.
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. It would change for the better if we could get more jobs for people. Lots of jobs makes a better place for everyone
57. summer
58. Don’t go out, watch T.V.
59. Sew, do fancy work
60. There are quite a few making a living now, with the winter works programme, but in summer with mining so slack now around Cobalt. Min I think it’s the price of silver, it’s not worth mining it. The price has to go up
61. Tourists
62. Sight seeing, Cobalt Festival, Dunning Drive.



Simone Bedard May 19, 1972
3 hours
1. Jeannette Haden
3. Jeannette Nadeau
4. 13 Pyrite St.
5. 679-5991
7. My mother was born on Jan.24, 1878 at St. Jean Chrysostone Levis, My father was born in 1873 at Hamsud Quebec. As a young man he lived at Capelton and Shawinigan Falls, where he worked under water as a diver.
One of Cobalt's earliest pioneers, Mr. Joe Nadeau came to this district in
1902 coming up Lake Temiskaming by boat as the railway had not yet been built. His business here was mainly contracting, though he did work as a professional diver on occasion. Dad saw Cobalt grow from a few tents and shacks to a hustling
mining town, and always took a keen interest in town affairs. He served a number of years on the council about the time when Thomas Wainwright was mayor.
In 1901 he married Miss Henedine Lapierre of St. Jean Chrysostone. He came North in 1902 but did not bring his family until 1907. When we arrived there was Albert, Jeannette, Maurice , Mom and Dad. Our first home was on Lang St.
In the first years of Cobalt there were a lot of people from different nationalities and Cobalt was a very tuff place ever so often we would hear w gun shot going off and there were a lot of fights.
My dad was a miner when he first came to Cobalt and then he bought a team of horses and started selling water by the Pail every home in Cobalt had a rain barrel to collect their water supply for washing clothes etc. Being a
diver he was often called out of town for diving. Then he started to buy himself more horses as he went on. He dolt with farmers and he exchanged for cows, he also sold milk. He had race horses and we'd go to Earlton Thornloe, Ville Marie and New Liskeard for the racing. He also owned a livery stable with cutters,
sleighs and buggies and as the boys grew they each had their jobs with the horses, they had weight pulling and lifting with horses and his two sons Gus and Maurice use to work the horses in these competitions events. Dad was one of the first
ones to open the road to Boston Creek with his team of horses.
Dad did the repairs on the Meteor boat, that travelled people and livestock across Lake Temiskaming and there was piano music and entertainment on every trip. The bottom part of the boat was used for livestock and the top part for the travelling people.
Dad was the first one to dig a grave at the Silverland Cemetery and he also dug graves at the Catholic cemetery and did both until hid death.
The last time my dad dived it was at Baie des Quinze and he was 68
years old.
I went to St. Hillarion School and was married in St. Hillarion Church on the O'Brien Property. Dr. Routier was one of the first DRS. in Cobalt.



Carmen Stubinski May 6,1972                           5  hours
1. Milton Halstead
2. Milt
4. 43 Ruby Street, Cobalt
5. 679-5567
6. 67 years old
7. Roland Manitoba (born on a farm)
8. Mother link Pinkham Ont. Father - Belleville
10. 1936 - went away came back to live in 1937
11. train
14. mining engineer
15. bookkeeper
16. mine manager - silver shields mine
17. housewife
18. I like Cobalt since the day I arrived I started with the O'Brien as mine
engineer. I got moved to a gold mine at Cline Lake by O'Brien. When the Second World War started, Cobalt ore became a strategic mineral. I was sent back to Cobalt by war time technical personnel board. I was interviewed and came back to Cross Lake lease, which O'Brien was operating here. Duncan McLeod. Tom Jackson, Carm Dunigan Lorne Humphries got the lease. Cobalt being in demand mainly we went after Cobalt ore. Cobalt was around $1.10 per lb. then.
In the spring everything had turned green, and over at the O'Brien property it was beautiful. Pete Leith, Ed Anderchuck next was my house, Dr. and Mr. Stark lived there, next to them Carm Dunigan, Art Moss next was the O'Brien Mess and recreation Hall 1000 ft. away up the hill were the barns and work horses further over was the mine managers house. The manager was Mike Kennedy. Nest to their house was the quest house (where John Larabie3ives today), with the tennis court, down the road from Mikes was a whole street of houses, first John Anderchuck, Vincent O'Shaughnessy, Art Brown was across the street. Henry Matiola lived there
19. It was after depression and the town was not too busy. I remember Mrs. Hugh Park with her horse and buggy coming to town every day. Her driver was John Rody.
20. Came in 1936 for the O'Brien
22. 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
23. $175. per month
24. A log home on the O'Brien property the logs were 1 ft. in diameter. That home is still standing, sheeted over. It was one stony. It had beautiful hardwood floors, oak, there was a living room, 3 2 bedrooms, kitchen and bath.
25. We had a ball Xmas night, went our with Mamie and Mike Cunningham.
Cal and Vi Taylor. We partied all night dancing, drinking and visit from house to another usually ended up at Anderchuck's. We had all conveniences in our houses at the O'Brien.
30. Shopping was good in Cobalt; Eaton’s had a grocery store where the Dominion was when it burned down. There was Pete McEwen Irwin’s on top of the hill, Ross Grocery store on Nickel and Prospect. Larry Stadleman’s variety, Reckin and Lowery's wholesales
31. We had a tennis court and skating at the O'Brien and tennis courts at Sass Lake. Dances in the old town hall where TTL is today, skiing, lots of Tally Ho parties, sleigh riding parties on Colonial hill. We played lots of bridge with Claude and Minnie 0-.Shaughnessy Austin and Eve McLaren Mike and Mamie Cunningham, the Leith's, George and Lil of part Prate, Phil Wolfe and his wife. We had lots of parties, made our own fun.
34. Graduated from Winnipeg University, Manitoba 1929, BSc.
35: Cars, trains. I remember them taking out the street cars. Alf Fennah went
over the new Ferguson Highway. His car sank in t1 highway and it never was recovered. It was 15 miles south of Martin River. The Highway Dep't of the Provincial government gave him a new car.
36. Dr. Case
37. Miner’s hospital. Miss Knight was in charge. Nurses resided where Buffam’s home is today. The hospital was in front of it.
38. Haileybury hospital
39. 21 years old
41. The mines were very rich O'Brien at Gowganda was rich too. It has been running ever since 1905. The miners contests were revived during the
50th anniversary celebration of Cobalt, 1953. Milk Halstead, Chairman, Ellen Giffen secretary. We used carbide lamps underground.
First electric lamps used were at Silver Miller Mines 1951-52
47. Church. In summer take my boat up the Montreal River for the day. Fish-sun both. I feel Jim Armstrong deserves a lot of credit for getting Norton Cooper to appropriate $120,000 for exploration on the South Giroux
Lake discovery, which today has opened up at least 3 rich silver mines which are being prepared for mining. I discovered Green Lake Silver Mine in the fall of 1961, Phil Cain had a lease on the old Bailey years ago. He was mining Cobalt. The mine ail discovered was within 7 feet of where Phil had quit working. We took over 3,000,000,00 oz. of ore out of there. A few hundred feet to the west the Alexandra shaft on the Extension of our ore. Have been mining since 1963 Silverfields and produced 10,000,000,00 oz of silver. The day we made the find we cut silver on hole 21 for 69 feet. Phil wouldn't believe it. I took him over and showed it to him. He couldn't believe it. Silverfields is a rich little mine and Giroux Lake (Giroux Lake is a brand new mine).
49. One of the finest towns in Ontario that’s why I built a home to retire here. I like the people. They are sociable, people always help without
being asked when I was building my house. There were always 2 or 3 people wanting to help me.
51. I do like the way they have been cleaning up the town. The little park. people restoring and painting their homes. There's more pride in the town. The people of the Mastermet property are happy to own their own land at last. There is a lot of remodeling and new houses going up at' that end of the town. Its just like a face lifting.
52. I definitely didn't like the government moving the provincial Geologist out of Cobalt where he was so badly needed. He gave excellent service with the loss of Dr. Thompson; we can't get any information now. We miss him and the daily information we were able to get. The station closing was a great drawback, ONR long distance and hydro. In the old days we could go to the Cobalt foundry get and get anything we wanted. Now we have to go to New Liskeard. The changes in the foundry since being taken over by Wabi Iron Works it’s now impossible to get the quick service and we used to get from Cobalt foundry. You could get a lot made anything you needed right away regardless of size or price now it has to be a $20. order. The mail service is not what it use to be. We used to be able to put our mail on the late train, Toronto would get it the next morning. Now its 2, 3, or 4 days Wed. I mailed Norton Cooper at head office all articles on new mint project at Silver Shields . Friday night Norton Cooper phoned me. He still had not received the articles I mailed him. Mail services have deteriorated in this area.
55. yes
56. Would like to see Latchford, Coleman and Cobalt, become the improvement district of Cobalt. Then we can take in industry. Would like to see the restoration program go through to completion
57. I like summer here. That why I go south in the winter.
59. Carpentry, painting, built my own house and patio. I have worked for LIMN for years since 1945 Mining engineer of Ontario and Quebec, belong to Engineering Institute of Canada. Elder United Church. I am trying hot to be so active this last year.
60. When money was free we had dozens of properties operating; now the restrictions on 0.S, they have clamped down. Any new industry would help there's all kinds of lime stone; we could have a cement industry here. We could also use our own raw materials suitable to industry. There are millions of tons of tailings for fertilizer. If the price of silver goes up, there would be financers, mining people who would go north for exploration, also tourists. A mine set up by the Dept of education affiliated with the Haileybury School of Mines could serve for educational purposes such as practical experience to the students and an added attraction to tourists in the summer.
62. The natural beauty of its own, mining tours, Ragged Chutes blow off. Museum, rock hounds, paradise, artist haven, hiking trails,
nature trails, cross country skiing. We have all kinds of hills for unorganized sports such as skiing and snowmobiling.

Highlights

I worked for A.B.Pilliner 1947 -48 Ossie is mining and reduction operating Geneses and Silver Cliff Mine and the Blue Berry mine. During the depression 1- million dollars in wages were paid, Sometimes Pilliner sold everything
he owned to pay the men and meet expenses. Mr. Pilliner was a darkie and worked very hard at trying to make ends meet to keep the mine operating.









Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 23
Length: 1 1/4 hrs

1. Mrs. Irene Shawera
2. Linda
3. Irene Linda Benson
4. 32 Baker St.
5.
6. 23 yrs. old
7. Kapuskasing, Ont.
8. Mother Chapleau
9. Kapuskasing
10. 1971
11. Car
12. Hwy. 11, from Toronto
13. 3
14. School teacher
15. clerk
16. miner
17. homemaker
18. Small town, very friendly people
19. Came in the summer and really liked it
20. because my husband came
21.
22.
23.
24. 5 room bungalow
25. quiet, stayed at home
26. in house
27. Hydro 23. electric
29. Gas
30. All the ones here now
31. shows, Binge's
32. Tobogganing
33.
34.10 yrs.
35. buses, trains, cars
36. Dr. Belland
37. Good
38. Kapuskasing, Ont
40.. Too young
41.
42.
43.
44.
45. slacks
46. cress.
47. usually at the arena at hockey games
48. My mother's watch
49. mostly everything about it
50. You don't have to worry about your children playing outside
51.
52.
53.
54.
55. no
56.
57. summer
58. Knitting
60. A light industry, that might give permanent work to men, teenagers and women of this town. If the price of silver would go up the mines would open and existing mines would rehire the employees they laid off. Canadians are afraid to invest their own money in Canada. We need a large American Co, to do explorations around Cobalt. No one had done any explorations under the dye base.
61. People retiring from a large city because of the cost of living in the city, hustle and Bustle and pollution problems of the city,
62. Mining museum, Historic sites, mining tours, Hunting and fishing, Bass Lake, Portage Bay, New Sharp Lake park, plenty of fresh lakes for swimming.

Highlights
Irene is a young married woman, expecting a new baby anytime. They just moved here in June. So there isn't too much to say. But she just loves it here.

Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 29

Length of Interview: 1 hr.
1. Anne Shoup
2.
3. Anne Aitkin
4. Cobalt St.
5. No phone
6. 27
Shelbourse, Ontario
8. Father Scotland, Mother Canada she died when I was 7 yrs. old
9. Shelbourne, Ontario
10. 1962 left Cobalt returned in 68 to stay
11. Car 12 no. 11 Highway,
12. welding
15. nil
16. welder
17. Homemaker
18. The looks of the town was terrible, but as far as the people go they are Al
19. Busier than it is now
20. Game to Cobalt on a holiday, and ended up staying
21. There was quite a bit of work in 1968 there was lots of work but not in 1962
22.
23,
24. 3 room house in Gillis Limit 1962 Paid $5. per month rent
25. With in laws at Gillis
26. Carried from neighbours next door 50 feet
27. Hydro
28. wood stove
29. heated building with coal stove
30. Same as there is now. There was T.B.S. here and Laura's shop
31. hotels
32. none
33.
34. 12 yrs.
35. buses, cars, trains
36. Dr. Belland
37. Good
38. Toronto
39. still at school
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.slacks
46. slacks
47.Nothing than what I usually do during the week
48. I have a watch and ring that was my mothers
49. It’s home
50. Friendly people
51. Since Mr. Mathews has become mayor there has been lots of old shacks torn down New Parks, miners Festival
52. feel bad about the unemployment situation
53.yes
54. Don't like the rents and the cost of living in Cobalt
55. see more work
56. Would like to see some industry with no pollution. Good steady pay roll for men and women
57. summer
58. watch tv
59. sewing, jig saw puzzles, knitting
60 They are giving to have to bring in something, because there is nothing. If the price of silver went up. The mines would be open and the smelters too. An awful lot of people made their money out of Cobalt. They didn't but should put some of the money back in Cobalt
61. Quite a bit, miners Festival, Recreation our parts pur lakes are just beautiful and the friendly people
62. someone who has money
Mrs. Shoup--.seems very intelligent and is living on Welfare separated from her husband--has enrolled in a R.N.A. course for next September-to be able to support her children and be independent.









1.Bruno Guiseppe Simoni
2. Spaghetti- --
3. Geraldine MacDonald wife
4. 136 Lang St.
5. 679-8465
6. 35 years old
7. Soligo Province of Treviso Italy
8. Soligo Province of Treviso Italy
9. Italy
10. February 28, 1957
11. By boat to New York on the liner "Constitution"
12.New York to Toronto from Toronto to North Bay
13. Came alone because my sister and her husband were already here and
for me saying I would find a job here - there was no back home and my mother was a widow raising a family of five
14. Two weeks after I arrived I began working at Agnico Mines
15. was employed in Dalton Dean's office in Haileybury as a secretary
16. I am a Bricklayer by trade and I work for Link Lake Construction
17. Housewife18.
18. It a desolate looking town some of the mines were closing and
Elliott Lake was just starting quite a few families moved to Elliott lake at the time of the boom. I was promised a good job with bonus pay, so I went to Denison Mine for two years
19. It was a quiet town with about 2700 people, some of the mines were operating and I had no difficulty getting work.
20. I came to Cobalt expecting to find a job and was employed 2 weeks after I got here.
21. The principal industry was mining we had the Cobalt Foundry, Northern Metal Co., and TTL (Temiskaming 22. Testing Laboratory)
23. 8 hours a day and 44 hour week
24. About $1.30 per hour
25. Was married in 1962 and I rented a small apartment on Lang Street
In 1967 I bought a house on Lang Street from Mrs. Rochon who moved to Timmins. It was a roomy house with 6 rooms. I completely remodelled it beginning with a new foundation and new chimney panelled all the walls stuccoed the outside - it had 2 large bedrooms a living room, dining room kitchen and bathroom
26. Always had not and cold water system
27. Electricity with all the conveniences, TV, automatic washer, fridge, stove, toaster, iron, kettle, mixmaster and radio.
28. Use electric stove for heating
29. Oil furnace. I am now renting a 5 room double house since 1971 for $145 a month.I feel there should be an investigation into the price of renting in the area, especially Cobalt.
30. There were still quite a few stors when I arrived, Buck’s, TBS, Smith’s Men’s Wear, Chinese Laundry, Peters, Tackle & Gift Shop. Ascillino had a rooming house with store downstairs sold clothing shoes assortment of jewelry and china. Rowdon’s Hardware, Blacks Hardware, 3 restaurants, Damiany Grocery, Quality Grocery, Despres Grocery, Empire Meat Market, and of course every Friday was market day where you could buy fresh meat and produce and dairy products.
31. Theatre, Finn Hall where we held many Italian Dances. Some of the best times I’ve had were there., Community Hall, Legion and our two hotels, Fraser House and Miner’s Home.
32. Soccer both in Italy and here, there was a tri-own soccer team started name of Cohalis the first two letters of Cobalt, Haileybury and the first three of New Liskeard.
33. In Italy
34. Grade 8, took a separate course for a few months in English
35. Bus, train, cars, air travel from Earlton or North Bay
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Misericordia Hospital in Haileybury there was no Hospital in Cobalt
38. In Haileybury, all three
39. Still school age and the youngest is 6 months
40. Not working
41. I found working conditions quite good this was the first mine I ever worked in.
42. Drill contests, mucking contests and I got a first prize in drilling and second prize in mucking in the 1966 trials.
43. Lunch pail - sandwiches and coffee
44. Main meal was always suppertime
45. I can remember always wearing sports clothes except when working on plastering.
46. On Sundays dressed in good suit to go to Church then usually change to sports top
47. Watch TV in winter I ski in summer we go to the lake or I like driving around
48. have a set of tools that I brought from Italy which I treasure
49.The new buildings downtown. new subdivisions have done a good job of renovating old buildings, 2 nice parks and everyone seems to be renovating their homes and lots.
50.makes the town look better
51. the downtown area looks better with all the new buildings that have gone up, motel unit, new Red & White, new Library, new Deluxe Grill
52.I don't like the looks of the two muck cars downtown painted silver and rust - they should have been left in their natural form & colour
53.Yes there are several things I don't like about Cohalt
54. Don't like educational system of bussing the children out of town to school when we have schools right here. Don't think the rents should be as high as they are. I am paying $145. monthly for only 5 rooms and I have heard of other instances about high rental they are much too high for the labour and should be investigated.
55. Yes I would like to see some changes
56, We should entice new business places in town and give local labor the
opportunity of a job there are no public bids on jobs - these should all be up for public tender to give everyone a fair chance. I know I have asked about some jobs when I heard they were starting and in
town here you have to be a relative to get one. I am thinking of
starting my own business and I have not had any encouragement or help
in any way. I could perhaps contract and hire a few people.
57. I enjoy summer the best because you can go out and enjoy the nice weather
58. Like to follow sports on TV ski in winter, swim and go to the lake in summer and driving around.
59. I like carpentry work and I like bricklaying
60. Secondary industry locate new foundries or factories perhaps technical school for the young to learn their trades
61. We should definitely encourage tourist trade as this is a good area for this
62. We have an excellent museum mining tours, historical spots, lakes for fishing, beaches for swimming good spots for hunting and all easily accessible.

Highlights
I went back to Italy to live in 1969 w sold my home furnishings car and all-left but I only stayed over for about 8 months. There were no opportunities for me there. I came back to Cobalt in 1970 and like it here. I would like
I would like to start my own business and stay here so I am hoping for some encouraging help from municipal heads in the way of some contracts and I will start my business at once, I hope to realize this sometime soon before I have to go elsewhere


Carmen Stubinski Feb. 16, 1972
1 ¾ hrs

1. Mrs. Theresa Slaght (Elliott)
2.
3. Sabourin
4. 28 Silver St. Cobalt
5. 679-5917
6. 47
7. Cobalt, Ontario
8. Mother Ironside, Que., Father Hull, Quebec
9. Married in Cobalt 1908
10. Oct. 16, 1925
11.
12.
13. 8
14. Storekeeper
15. Worked at the Haileybury Hotel all my life
16. Liquor Store Manager
17. Homemaker
18. too young
19.
20.
21. baby
22. Seven days a week, no days off, 12 to 15 hours a day sometime
23. $20.00 per month, $9.46 every 2 wks, overtime 25cents per hr.
24.Frame wooden building
25. Worked, because my Mother had a stroke
26. in the house, cold water only.
27. electricity
28. wood stove
29. quebec heater
30. Buckovetskys, Cora had a candy shop, sold pure silk stockings, Vellis ladies wear, Woolworths
31. Go to dances at community hall
32.
33. yes
34. nine years

35. Street cars
36. Dr. Taylor
37. Yes, The Miners hospital. It had long stairs going in with bannisters around them and there were beds all over that you could see
38. Haileybury Hospital
39. Still going to school,
40. to young
41. I remember bringing my dad's lunch to the assay office at the O'Brien Mine 104, on my lunch hour. We walked there on our noon hour
42.
43.
44. Same as we eat now
45. Nothing we were so tired from working
46. Navy blue jumpers and white blouses
47. Really dressed up groovie grinder dresses
48. .Went picnicking to Bass Lake on Trudels Coca Cola truck. We would
make our ice cream at home and take it to the picnic in the freezer
49.. Little sterling silver spoons. My mother in law gave me were
over 125 years old
50. Its a little town
51. A good place to raise children. No pollution, good friendly
atmosphere
52. Parks, new steps and Grandview and Prospect, Community Hall
up dated
53. Have 3 banks, now we are down to one. Long distance and Northern
Telephone moved to New Liskeard. The Railway centralized the
operations in New Liskeard. Pop factory moved
54. No
55.
56.Would like to see an industry come in
57. Broom, hockey stick manufacturers - anything to make more
employment


58. summer time
59. Watch the kids play hockey
60. Make waste paper baskets out of old crocks pasting old stamps on them, upholstering, pottery, sew, knit
61. The world marketing has dropped which caused the mines to close. We have to get secondary industry in the area.
62. Particulary all kinds of pe6ple'mould be interested as we have all denominations of friendship to offer
63. Boating, hunting and fishing, Lots of lakes, good recreation.
HIGHLIGHT
Mrs. Slaght is a quite person, doing many crafts, when she
is not busy looking after her family. A good mother and homemaker.


Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: March 8, 1972
Time 3 hrs.
1. Mrs. Charlie Smith
2. Orpha
3. Church
4. 7 Helen St
5. 679-8200
6. 81
8. Father in Calabogie, Mom in Arnprior
9. Ottawa Valley
10. trains were packed with foreigners , Orpha, her sister and sister-in-law came together
these with fur caps sat across from them, The men decided to eat so started un¬packing the lunch sack. opened a can of meat with jack knife sister started to giggle and then they all started to giggle and then the men got mad. Then they took out a long roll of bread snapped it in half, over knee the broke it off with their hands,
were really glad their husbands met them in the Bay, because they were afraid of the men when they got to Cobalt they could hardly get off the train for the men and people. Her husband had bought a store keeper out and had had all the food delivered for she arrived to her little black shack on Earl St.
C.P.R. and T.N.N.O.
Lots of relatives here and husband, no children yet
14. Miner
15. Housewife
16. dead
17. Housekeeper, her son Eric lives with her.
18. Liked cobalt, because it was busy, but really suffered with the cold.
19. Busy roads had to buy their water by pail when water was delivered the water man would nick the door frame, with the nicks reached to bottom they would have to pay. had to save dish water to scrub the floor. Also gathered snow to melt for water. Her and her husband found a little spring on Earl St. They sat beside it so other people wouldntt notice. So he sent Orpha home for a pail and dipper, so they go one fresh pail of water i to drink. The next morning her husband went to get some more water and found an old Finlander there in no time at all everyone knew about the spring and it dried up. There were quite a few springs running aut of rock cuts
20. Came because husband was here
21. mining, store clerks
22. 8 hrs. per day
23.75 per day
24. Little shack, one room, bed at one end, stove at other, Went out a lot so didn't stay home too long.
25. Went to Christmas programs had a lovely tree. lots of food and drinks which men enjoyed
26. Drew the water, filled up the barrels. Then a few yrs, later the town put up a pipe about a block from their home. then they had to aarry it. They had to pay the town for putting up the pipe.
27. Coal and oil lamps and carbine lamps. Bought all oil at Rowden's he did a very good business in coal oil
28. Wood stove
29. Wood or coal found it very cold
30. Beautiful shops, down to the end of Lang St. Mrs. McDougall had a ladies shop, down in Tressider’s parking lot
31. 5 theatres, vaudeville shows, ropes across theatres and people would ride bicycles, across them country doctors, in tents selling snake oil, preached about it, peddled medicine everywhere
32. Always had horse and dog in the winter In the Cobalt lake
33.
34. Grade 8
35. Horse and buggy wagons, snow ploughs made of wood drawn by horses, livery stables sidewalks up high over roads. Charlie and Orpha would rent a horse and Buggy on
Sunday for Brady Lake, with friends, or just went for rides
36. Dr. Taylor, Dr. Cain or Schmidt
37. All children born at hone
39. Just as soon as they finished school
40. Eric, Railroad, Gordon, Railroad, Eddy-, Mining Eng. , Alf, Miner
Duggie, Railroad, Eilleen Telephone, Lena, Telephone, Donald, Mines
41. The mines started with a hole, then would build shaft over it.
42. Then the town got going good they had drilling and mucking hand steeling and other contests. The Ball Park out at west Cobalt, always a busy place, women would go and watch the ball games, everyday if possible, They even bought in stampedes, One day Orpha and her husband were watching a game and she saw a big husky fellow walking with a tiny women. She said she knew the man so asked who he was, and couldn't remember
the name, Her husband said it was Ambrose Murphy and he was going to marry that girl Orpha said she remembers that as plain as day.
43. Meat, Eggs and Potatoes for breakfast, very heavy meals, and deserts
44. same, always ate frozen lunches as it was so cold at the mine. They bought a house after 2 yrs. and paid $4.00 ground rent a month.
45. Housedress, heavy wollen stockings as it was so cold
46. Dolled up
47. Went to Church and would walk all day, after children born never went out much. Went to the show 3 or 4 times a week as it only costs 5 cents
48. some furniture from first house, table and dresser, dishes over for years old, and a cake plate and mothers pictures
49. Likes it its better now but had more fun in the early days
50. memories
51. like all changes, sorry the recreation director had to be fired
52. no
53 likes it as it is
54.
55. yes
56. Lots of things, Cobalt will be good yet. It always comes back
57.Spring,summer and winter
58. belongs to lodges and church groups, goes to the teas
59. sewing and plants and flowers
50. Thinks it’s awful, if people would plant gardens, grow more food, keep it for winter. More people should do for themselves.
61. People living here their hones are here. just want to stay here as she loves it
62. Museum, library, community Hall, Churches, tours, Hunting and fishing theatre, Historic sites.

Highlights:

Orpha's interview was terrific. A sweet old lady with so many stories to tell. She told me ( she could tell stories for a week or more of different things that happened in Cobalt. A tape recorder would be the answer there. She would not live any place else but Cobalt as all her memories of the wonderful times she had still linger in her mind. As though they happened yesterday.

Joanna Stubinski:
Please add this to Mrs. Charlie Smith's interview:
At one time in Cobalt there was quite a fair size island at the end of Cobalt Lake. The
Mining men wanted to get rid of it. so they drilled underneath it. then blasted. It spun around and around until it hit bottom. Mrs. Smith said the sound and the feeling it gave her was awful. It was really something to see.
There were people that came from all over just to see this. People that came from Toronto This happened over 30 yrs. ago. After sinking the island they had it mined.
Orpha also remembered the washing of the Nipissing hill. They did this so they could
see where the veins of silver were. They used a hose 5" in diameter, had to use a saw horse because they were so big.
The water pressure was so great it uprooted trees. It was another interesting thing to see.
This took 2 months to do. People came from all over to watch. When they finished you could see the veins of silver and Cobalt. It was beautiful. This was in 1918 the hill was a qully with a thousand stumps or more, still there today
Mrs. Smith’s father would have been 111 in four months when he died.
She showed mea framed picture with the following writing from the Province of Ontario to her dad.
Mr. Spencer Church Calabogie, Ontario
May I extend to you on behalf of the Government of the Province of Ontario
Heartiest congratulations on you one hundredth Birthday and good wishes for your Health and Happiness
Parliament Buildings
Toronto
Provincial Secretary (couldn't make out his name)





Name of interviewe: Joanna Stubinski Date: March 7 1972
Interview

Joanna Stubinski March 7, 1972
1 ½ hrs


1. Mrs. Gordon Smith
2. Ena
3. McCrank
4. RR #1 Gillies
5. 679-5780
6. 49
7. 1922, North Cobalt
8. Parents came from Ottawa vicinity
9. Ottawa
10. 3 wks. old
11. Came on box car, day of fire, Oct. 4, 1922, then lived in Cobalt, because house burnt down. Nearly died of smoke inhalation. Father told her she had turned black, but came around.
12. by rail
13. 8 with parents
14. Railroad, 0.N.R.
15. started to train for a nurse, but had to stay home to look after father when mother died
16. O.N.R. Office Supervisor in New Liskeard
17. Housewife, Husband was in 2nd world war for 4 yrs. bits of a bomb went through his back it was broken in France, Back still gives him a lot of trouble
18. Only went to tavern on Saturday, remembers Lang St. full of stores, Always came to market with her mother and had to carry a huge basket home, the market was at the old T.T.L. Mother used to do translating for the Doctors on Sat. Also went to Stock brokers, very busy place
19. Same as now except for more stores
20. House burnt out, in 1922 fire
21. Mining, store clerks, accountants
22.
23.
24. Flat roof, lots of stove pipes, 5 bedrooms, big pantry dark wood, big verandah and garden father kept chickens, had a huge cellar on bed rock
25. Remembers xmas when it was raining out, got moccasins but couldn't wear them, Had a tree
26. in house
27. Hydro
28. Wood
29. Coal and quebec Heaters
30. Remembers many shops up Lang St. Hats shop and MacDiarmid’s
31. Sleigh rides, skated, played games in snow, ball, went to the odd show.
32.Skated and skied every Saturday
33. St. Pat's, Cobalt High
34. 13
35. Walked horses and sleigh, street cars, then buses
36. Dr. Case
37. Mother had broken arm, went home from school to visit mom nurses put her out. It was
a ramshackle looking building
38. Haileybury Hospital Dr. Arnold
39. Bob and Carol both in School
40.
41.
42.
43. Don't know, father was an accountant
44.
45.Mother made clothes
46.Dressed up
47.Went to Church also in evening ate big meal, had visitors
48. Aunt gave her, sugar shaker and cream jug, silver ware
49. It’s home
50. Sentimental reasons
51. Liked the move down to Gillies because of summer and scenery in Cobalt, likes new store and Town looks nice
52.no
53.no
54.
55. No
56.
57. summer
58.her hobbies and shovelling snow
59. Pottery sewing and woodwork
60. more industry
61. Permanent residents, ex Cobalters
62, Tavern, roam around, Historic Sites, tours, scenery, hunting and fishing
The Smith's lived at 24 nickel St. for over 20 yrs. then built the new home on the Lake, which is just beautiful. Ena does many things with her hands especially making stools, cupboards and different pieces of wood work, Was a terrific neighbour.



Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 23
Interview: Length: 1 1/2 hrs.
1. Mrs. Jessie Smith
2.
3. F i f e
4. 6 Nickel
5. 679-8195
6. 82
7. Bernie, Scotland
8. Mother and father both from Scotland
9. Scotland
10. 1931
11.Train
12. 0.N.R. line
13. 5 people
14. baggageman
15. housewife
16. dead
17. Retired first world war-was a Corporal. He was gassed during the war in England-took a long time to recover. Died 7 yrs. ago.
18. Very good-first town where there was people to get to know. People were friendly
and helpful.
19. Street cars-taken away the day after she arrived--beginning of the depression
20. Her husband was transferred
21. mining and 0.N.R.
22. 48 hrs. per week
23. $90. for 2 wks.
24. lived on Nickel St. upper-duplex
25. Spent it with family in Kirkland Lake
26. Running water
27. Hydro
28. electric
29. Coal stove
30. Eaton's-Woolworth's--Buckavetsky's and T.B.S.
31. shows--bingo, Church work--made your own fun
32. played golf, swimming
33. no
34. Went to school in Scotland--high school
35. Train, streetcars, cars, taxis
36. Dr. Case
37. Very small, but good
38. Porquis Junction
39. Allan 17, Art 18, Betty 18
40. Al at Jewellers, Art Construction, Betty Housewife
41. same
42. July 1st and reunions----they held contests
43. substantial
44. same as today
45. House dresses
46. Good clothes for Sunday
47. When we got the car, went for rides on Sunday, went to Church
48. Cup and saucer, brought from Scotland shape of a babies pot, 200 yrs. old.
49. Everything—-likes the neighbourhood
50.
51. Big improvement in streets and appearance of town
52. Don't like the stores going out of busine
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. more stores
57. Spring
58. O.K.O. Club, Church, Bingo, Daughters of Scotland
59. Knitting, watching television
60. Don't know
61. people with no cars
62. Museum, parks and recreation
When I asked Jessie if she had a nickname she told me no. But, I know differently--they all call her Gabby. Because no matter when you try and get her she's on the phone. When her dad died in England here mother asked the expense of the funeral and he said
I will take one of your cups and saucers, and Mrs. Fife wouldn't give it.



Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: March 16, 1972
Time 4 hrs.
1. Laura Smith
2. Ef
3. Laura De Wolf
4. 679-5624
5. 70 Nickel St.
6. 84
7. Claire County Michigan, USA Dac Kingston
8. 16 miles our of Kingston
9. Kingston
10. 1908
11. Trian
12. West North 70, North Bay north to Cobalt
13. 5
14. Prospector, sold insurance in winter
15. housewife
16. dead, prospected all his life when there’d be a rush he’d take off
17. .retired
18. I came to Cobalt when my dad who was here ahead of us wrote to Mother for us to come up. So my mother brother Frank and I came to Cobalt. I was 18 yrs. old at the time Dad rut a tent up on Nickel St. we stayed there all summer. Dad said I think will stay here, so he went back to Kingston and packed up our furniture. Where the first tent was. Dr. Hare built himself a home there. Dad moved our tent near the tracks on the corner of Commission Street and Grandview for the rest of the summer. When Winter came we moved into a house behind Paddie Martins. We had a good view of the lake on the hill, it was quite a drop to the tracks and lake on the hill, The station was like a show everyone went to the station to see the trains come in. Prospect Hill was so slippery at times welt just slide down in the mud. There were wooden sidewalks on each side of the road.
We use to canoe on Cobalt lake every night after supper. Dad use to worry about us out on Cobalt Lake in the canoes, Mother made him sell his canoe we felt bad. I used to sail with Vince Keepey. Keepey’s had a drug store on Lang Street. Vince and his sister Blanche ran the drug store. There were a pump house on Cobalt Lake so had to keep his eye on the kids in the canoes.
There was one boat on Cobalt Lake owned by Northern Power. Howard Holley was operator of the ship
Remembers the day the Catholic Church blew over across the East side of the railway bridge.
One day my dad said were going out to stake some claims. We walked from Cobalt to
Giroux Lake walked the pipeline and returned this was 20 miles. We used snowshoes- dad and I. I staked 3 claims. The next day we were to go to Haileybury to register the claims at the Registration office. I couldn't walk for 3 days. I was 24- yrs. old at the time. my Husband had the oldest prospecting licence in Ontario prospecting
20. Because my dad was a blacksmith. He had a blacksmith shop on Lang St.across from Daminani’s Store/ Later he sold his blacksmith shop to Ambrose Murphy. My dad move to the Soo 1913.

21.
22.
23.
24. We owned and built the house beside Dr. McGarry on Prospect Ave. Harold Fleming owns it and I remember we’d go by horse and wagon to Lorraine Valley to pick blueberries. We got so many I preserved a lot and decided to go up in the attic and dry some on the floor. I forgot about them. In the spring the boys used blueberries for their pea shooter. I nearly died laughing. Blueberries were plentiful in those days.
25. Can’t remember
26. Had it in the house. These seem to be a lot of silly questions.
27. Hydro
28. cook stove, burned wood for cooking
29. Hot water system
30. We had 4 children. Four millinery shops here at one time.
31. Milton Carr built the building that Woolworths had their store.
I was friends with Mr. & Mrs. Carr in those days. He built his house on Silver Street. Later Murray Watts father bought the house and they lived in it. Cliff Moore owned the Cobalt Mess, that stood near where Leo O’Shaughnessy lives today directly across the street was the one Cobalt Mess that I knew of. It was private, owned by Cliff Moore. He hired a full time cook to cook for the guests. That came and went steadily. They used to have some great poker games there in the early days and stakes were high. They all had lots of money and played the stock market. One time dad went on a prospecting trip for Cliff Moore. He had one room full of expensive tents, sleeping bags, some silk ones, pack sacks any of the guests who went prospecting left their equipment behind. This was in the early 30’s Cliff Moore owned the drug store on the corner.
Dr.Rouchie had an office on Lang St. Later his office became a millinery shop. Later it was Belgium’s Jewelry store. Next down to the imperial bank. We were burnt out in the Lang St fire in 1910. After the fore we stayed at Trypps till we built a house on Nickel St. We sent all our clothes to Arnprier to be cleaned after the fire. Everything was by train in those days. The box car our clothes were in caught on fire.
32. we had good times in those days we use to drive by horse and buggy to Haileybury to and dance. We use to have lots of dances in the hall on Argentite Street. I use to wear hobble skirts. They sure were foolish things to walk in. We had lots of card parties, good lunches and not much drinking in those days, just the men.
36. Mr. McLaren
37. Miss Reed use to run the Mines Hospital after she left. Mrs, Dr. Mitchell took her job.
38.Wilfred, Shaft and Bill Donaldson lived here then. When Mrs. Dickson was nurse, her first
baby she helped bring into the world was Evan Donaldson, when Mrs. Dickson died
Evan Donaldson was a Pall Bearer. Evan was very good to his family. They lived here for many years. He sent his Mother and Sister on several trips to Europe, USA. Evans Donaldson is living in Toronto today. He is a millionaire.
39. in their 20’s
40.
41. Both in mines.
42. There wasn't the safety features in the mines those days. Didn't even wear the mines days., Didn't even wear hard hats or safety boots. Dad worked in the mine when they use to use candles they'd take a handful of clay put water on it. Make a mud pack .-stick it on their hat let it harden and put their candle in it. In 1911 they brought in the Hydrolic Air System from Ragged Chutes. There was lower oxygen n content so they couldn't use the candle anymore. That is when they started to use the Carbide Lamp
43.
44.
45. Printed satin dress, chiffon dress
46.always wore french heels. Had a pair of white kid high laced boots had back and brown ones toe. My wedding hat was small rim with a large black feather Plume that started on the top of my head and came down the one side. Mrs. MacDougal made it she had a millinery Store. I had a cream tailored serge suit to go with my white high boots. Everything was tailor made. Had the boys suits hand made by Mr. Carlson in Haileybuyr.
47.Have a rocking chair my father bought when my brother was born 88 yrs. ago. Would like to have it refinished some day. Have an old quilt 200 yrs, old. My great grandmother gave this quilt to my grandmother when she got married,
48. Went to church then picnic at Sass Lake we’d paddle across to the island to eat our lunch.
We picnic at Moores' cove and the spur line.
The Caris, MacKays, Keeleys, Dr. Sommerville, Evans McCraig, Bob O'Gorman my husband
used to go to Haileybury to catch the Meteor and Cruise down Lake Temiskaming. We Always took a picnic basket.Later we'd go with the Ralph Taylor's they had a boat. We were able to cook own meals on his boat. We went down Lake Temiskaming and the Hudson Bay Post was there. George Taylor started the hardware Store when he died Bill and Ralph became owners Ralph lived across the street from us.
Larry Stadlemen, his sister Angie and Bert often dropped in to have a cup of tea with us. We were friends like a lot of others. When we were burnt out on the Lang St. fire
We lost our piano. We asked everywhere finally a year later it turned up in North Cobalt.
The man that had it tried all over to find out who owned it. We were lucky it turned up. It was
given to me by my father in 1901. the same year the queen died. It had won 1st prize in a fall fair in Kingston
49. I’ve lived here 64 yrs and I like it
50. Wouldn’t feel at hone anywhere else
51. Improvement in homes
52. Removal of mines, payrolls, downgrading of employment, depletion of Ore
53. yes
54. Lack of facilities for parts, conveniences, regardless of this knowledgable Characters, engineers, Dr. , Professional people made their academic home here people. Lots of wealth came out of Cobalt
55. Yes
56. Would like to see a V.O.N. Make daily visits again. People should keep their sidewalks shovelled
57, Spring
used to love to sew. Bake and read paper daily
59.not now
60. its universal
61. Tourists point of view
62. Unique mining town with a good past History Artists think this is an artist’s paradise. Mrs Smith has a lot of antiques and pictures very interesting woman.


Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 17, 1972
Length of Interview: 2hrs.
1. Mr. Robert Sopha
2. Bob “Tip”
3.
4 26 Cobalt St.
5.
6.Cobalt – Galena St.
7. 52
8. Mother – Lake City Michigan Father—Hastings County
9. Cobalt
10. 1920
11. Born at home
12.
13.

14. Worked at Buffalo Hines Mining Corporation Canada then L.C.B.O

15. Housewife raised 9 children
16. Inspector with Liquor License Brd.
17. Housewife.-(The former Anita Regimbal) 5 yrs. 1940-45 Sgt. with R.C.E.M.E.
18. Born opposite Mining Corporation. Knew everyone that worked there--went underground at 6 yrs. old.......-Thought Cobalt was great Remembers old timers reunion--Also
the dog Cobalt. Kelso Roberts practised law over Woolworth's Building. Dog Cobalt belonged to one of the Slaght's..-Moved in 1926 to Philips boarding House. Parents operated it. Tore it down in 1936
19. Between 10-15,000
20. Born here
21. Mining
22. 8-5
23. $1.50 per day in 1938 work for Jack McGale on farm from daylight till dark slept over the Kitchen--$15.00 a month. He fed them suckers--caught in the spring
24. Galena St. 2 storey--Rivet's House parents kept chickens, pigs, horses, cut and hauled own wood.
25. Remembers xmas--when parents would hide presents and they would have to look for them
26. Running water--paid ground rent
27. Electricity
28. Wood stove
29. Wood and Coal
30. General store where Mr. Talon--Merv Kelly lived--a friend worked in store and stole , so they could smoke them
31. Rodeo came to Cobalt--once--Jake Smith brought it from Western Canada came to
old fairgrounds-horses cattle and Bulls
32. Played hockey--always-..skated old year out and in. Year in--wore speed skates
Played ball
33. yes
34. High School--1932--first year Cassidy and McAlpine taught
35. Street- cars--went to Liskeard for 12 cents few cars later on
36. Dr. E. W. Mitchell
37. good hospital $1.00 month for hospitalization--Dwyer girls nursed there
38.
39.
40.
41. All mines were operating safe for working fire at Dotsy mine. Adelaid Leonard only survivor. All hair burnt off in fire 1928-29
42. Contests out at old fair grounds--Hand Steeling. Had Fall fair out there to
display vegetables
43. Went to Market-had best food--always had a garden
44. good food
45.
46. Had one pair of Trousers-Dad tore his trousers and Bob had to Lay across mothers
knee while she sewed it
47. Dressed up on Sun
48. went to Sunday School
49. Book ends--made at school-crests
50. no better place to live--only boom town in north
52. Yes
51. Native
53. progress in Landscaping
54. No
55.
56. more industry
57. above
58. Summertime
59. parties..-member of Lion & Legion welfare officer for legion veteran's cemetery for 26 years.
60. Fishing and hunting
61. Higher price of silver to get mines going
62. Americans and Canadians are going to move in to get good clean fresh air campers and tenting trailers.
A number of facilities available.
63. Tourist attractions—Air plant at ragged chutes.•-mining museum--very unique•-parks miner’s festival


Joanna Stubinski May 29,1972
3 hours
1. Alma and Les Steele
2. Alma Steele (Armstrong)
3. R R 1# 1
4. 679-8662
5. 60
6. Manitoulin Island, even though we were living in Cobalt. Mother went to look after her mother when she had her baby and it just happened I was born there also. Dad was in Nipissing.
7. My dad came to Cobalt in 1904 and mother came in 1909 they were married in Marcy 1910 on Manitoulin Island
14. Dad did mining and lumbering
15. Mother had a sister living at the O'Brien she used to work as a housekeeper
that is my mother did.
16.Hydro
17. Housewife
18. I always loved Cobalt
19. Always had a ball I'd babysit to make money to go to the dances. Got 25 cents
a night. Went to a lot of dances in Latchford. Cobalt was a lot busier than now. People seemed to be more sociable. There were also a lot more house parties
20. Dad came because of the silver rush and mom came because her sister was here.
21. I worked as a housekeeper in 104. Used to walk both ways.
23. $2 a week
24. My first home was on Silver St. Past MacMillans garage. I played with the
Petrakos kids. It was a duplex with 3 bedrooms and a big living room.
Dinty Moore who owned the drug store in Cobalt has a mess at the top of Cobalt St. It was a hangout for bachelors. Some of them lived there. Mrs. Ross from West Cobalt did the cooking. Dinty Moore had a riding club. Some of the men that belonged were Cap Fancy, "A-Moss, MaCluskey's, Paul & Dick. I'll never forget Moore's riding horse it was black except for having white legs up to the knees. It looked like he wore knee socks. A.K.Roberts the lawyer belonged to the club. I also remember Teddy Buckman he was an artist and always wore white shoes. We had a horse and buggy. Mother & Dad sat on the seat, and we sat with our backs to the dashboard.
25. X-mas I remember mother was pregnant. It was X-mas eve and she had painted
the floor orange so we couldn't put up a tree. I remember my sister and I got up at 5 am Mom had bought us each a fur coat and muff and a doll. When and dad came down later we were both asleep by the stove with out coats and muffs and our doll in our arms.
33. I started school at First Brook went there for 2 years then moved into Cobalt.
36. Dr. George Schmidt
37. The hospital had the darlingest nurses Misses Knight, Reed and Doherty. I was in -before my baby was born in 1938. It was closed in the 40's
48.My treasures are old school pictures and gifts from my first marriage,
49. Friendliness of people. I just want to stay right here.


1. Les Steele
2. 62
7. Minouth Hastings County
10.Came to New Liskeard, when I was 1 year old. We lived 9 miles north of there on a farm.
14. My dad was a farmer for a year. We then moved to Clear Lake in 1911. Our home was a cold 2 story shack. Dad hauled mining timber and lumber. He worked later Years at the Mining Corp and the Nipissing-in 1932, he bought 20 acres " in Coleman Township near Loon Lake. My mother lived there for a year and really hated it. So I took it over. West Cobalt was really thriving in those days. Tom Jackson, Hickey McIntyre, Ramsay's Store, a real mean old bugger, Peter's Amiotte, Sandy Stewart, Brewer, Harold Bowden, Emma Kennedy, Roses, Teddy Peak, Ray Buttle McIsaac, Crawford, Mayberry, Parson, Valley, Piche, Sydney, Miss Ross, Conroy, Dearing, they had 3 daughters could never have son, Kate, Stewart, Othmer, Lesellet,FRed Easen, Rochester. These are just some of the people that lived
out there then. It is sure different today. I went to West Cobalt school, it had 2 rooms. Miss Rowe was my teacher. I was in the air force four years, 23 months in Newfoundland, Bagotville, Quebec, 6 months to Dartmouth N.S. I was then discharged in from 1941-1945.
18. I horsed around a lot in Cobalt had a real good time. We were very poor in those days, If we pissed it wouldn't even run down the hill. We usually had to roast our poplar wood before we'd burn it. Where Bigelow's house is today there used to be a big apartment house.first job was in 104 working on a gov't
crusher. I worked 10 hours a day and was paid 35 cents an hour. I worked for Jim Shannon. Len Bigelow and I walked back and forth, every day. I worked at the Mining Corp. for a while, also in the bush for Bill Smith, Then from 1950 to 1952 worked for Len Cunningham at Ungava Bay, the geese had to fly backwards to keep the snow out of their faces. Then for Roger Gareau near Gowganda I started with Hydro in 1957. I really like Cobalt as everyone is so friendly. Alma and I both like the changes made in Cobalt and would like to see any change that would better the town. Cobalt has a beautiful historic background to offer any visitor even myself, living here for 60 years. I'd never live any other place. Alma and Les just love dancing. If there's a band any place playing, you can be sure to see them there dancing.

Joanna Stubinski April 24, 1972
1 1/2 hours
1. Mr. Roger Stevens
4. 19 Cobalt
5. 679-5976
6. 38
7. born Cochrane 1933
8. Dad in Temagami in 1907 - Mother in England
9.Cochrane then Temagami
10. 1961 came to Cobalt family came in 1951 - I joined the RCAF
11. train
12. Northern route - ONR
13. Just the 3 — I was the only child
14. Soft drink business - Dad and his brother had it from 1951 (coke factory)
15. Clerked in Buck's then the post office
16. Metropolitan life insurance
17. housewife. In RCAF 10 years posted in Comox B.C. and Cold Lake Northern
Alberta, also Bagotville & North Bay, Camp Borden & St. John's Que.
18. Knew a few people because of going to school that is High School. but could think of better places to live.
19. More active than now - more mines operating and people very friendly no problem socially
20. business opportunity
21. mining - refinery - foundry and store clerking
22. 60 hours
23. $225. a month
24. Apartment - over pop factory - was a mess but we fixed it up the best we could
25. spent X-mas with parents, they lived on Nickle St.
26. Running water
27. hydro
28. electric stove
29. Hot water heating. Grandfather had businesses in Temagami. Had the station restaurants from North Bay to Cochrane. Ronnoco Hotel -Garage - outfitters Co. - restaurant and grocery store - the Old Stevens house in Cochrane. My dad was born and raised in Temagami. We went to Cochrane because he worked in the railroad. I always came to Temagami to spend my summers - moved there finally in 1938. Lived by the lake. No electricity but had water outside plumbing then moved to Toronto for 4 years came back in 1944. Then lived on the island where dad lived. to-day only in a log cabin, that had no water, lights - for about 1 ½ years while father was building the new house. Had no hydro at first and a diamond drill well. Very exciting growing up there.
Very few motor boats. Always went by canoe - the summers were really fabulous
30. TBS, Buck’s were closed- Woolworths, Quality grocery - Dominion - Rowdon's
Shaw’s store – Bilodeau, Damiani and Mrs, Audet
31. Temagami - consoling - Goddard's Theatre I met Pat at the Friday night dances
We were there when dance started and stayed right till the end. These were every Friday night. Dorothy Houston played
32. Played hockey - football - basketball - summer sports.
33. Temagami Public - went to N. Liskeard 1 year then bussed to Cobalt High
34. grade 11
35. trains - cars - buses
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Nothing in Temagami but remember the ONR had a hospital coach they parked at the station. Later on we always went to Haileybury
38. Comox B.C.
39. Still in school
42. Just what they had at the festivals never participated as I was never interested in mining
43. wore coca cola uniform
46. If I went to church - dressed up
47, always went to Temagami on Sundays
48. Grandfather's watch (pocket) - diaries , my grampa had and wrote while at sea. Written in 1874 I really cherish these. Also an old coke bottle with New Liskeard written on it.
49. I like Cobalt for the fellowship of people I associate with
51. Done a lot to the town. Cleaned it up a great deal
52. Don't like the recreation policy - or school system having to bus children -and the removal of grade 13
53. Have to leave town to make anything - no job opportunities
55. yes
56. Secondary industry - the town really only has mining to depend on.
57.Springtime
58. Kiwanis - curled until last year
59. no
60. another industry - put in a steel mill instead of Adams and Sherman mines -sending iron pellets to Hamilton.
61. Lent itself to tourism
62. Cobalt has a type of old romance to it. Very unique atmosphere


Highlights : Roger is now planning to move his family to North Bay in June as he could not get any work around here. He is as hard working Kiwanian whom I know for sure will be missed a great deal.



Joanna Stubinski April 26, 1972
Interview 1: and 15 min
1. Mrs. Roger Stevens
2. Pat Morin
3. Morin
4. 19 Cobalt St
5. 679-5976
6. 39
8. Cobalt
9. Cobalt-grandparents from Buckingham and Hull
13. 3
14. Dad worked in grocery store where Bilodeau's are today
15. Housewife
16. sells for Metropolitan Life Insurance
17. Housewife
18. Always loved
19. Busy but it was on it's way down
20. Grandparents came in 1905 to Giroux Lake mining
21. Buck’s 8 hrs.
22. $13 week
23. Fine-Duplex on Earl St. wooden frame
24. exciting people made more of it always had a lot of visitors
25. in house
26.hydro
27. wood stove
28. wood stove and oil stove in living room
29.Bucks, Vellis, Irwin's Grocery, Carps, Luvawitz, Men and boys shoes, Tom Black,
30. Candy Store by Miners home, Larabie's took it over, Woolworth's Dominion, Purdy's restaurant, Olive Sally Shop, Eric's men's wear.
31. Always danced at Community Hall, more fun than kids have now, usually hang _around
the Minerva had Club 47, Church socials girls church group worked with guides spent a lot of time in
Temagami summer.
32. bowling, skating, babmington at Community Hall
33. St. Theresa's old school and Cobalt High School
34. Grade 10
35. buses, trains and cars
36. Dr. Wallingford
37. was in the old Cobalt Hospital brother was in it, all born at home
38. Canox, B.C. 39
39. Still going to school
40. They were all operating but I remember the O'Brien
41. remembers the old ball park but no contests
45. skirts and blouses
46. dolled up
47. went to Church in shoes heat and gloves that matches, always had a big meal then went for walks got ready sunday night to start the week
48. newspaper clippings about her uncle that was crippled, who ran a newspaper, he had 20 boys working for him, did this all from his wheel chair, Wilfred Raymond
49. because it's friendly
51. no
52. don't like schooling or the way we're losing things, also the way people get a down
on someone and practically run them out of town
53. no
55. yes
56. like to see a good industry, something to make it go ahead
57. Fall colors mature around us
58. stay home I used to bowl
59. A little bit of everything
60. completely different type of industry then what we have
61. not ambitious people or we need someone with money to establish something
62. museum, scenery and lakes
Pat really loves Cobalt, and says she hates to leave, but in order for her husband to better himself she has to follow along.





Carmen Stubinski March 1, 1972
2 1/2 hours.
1. Ida Sartorreto
2. Snider
3.Ida Mercier
4.Silver St., Cobalt
5. 679-8470
6. 60
7. Ottawa
8. Vank Lek Hill, Ontario
9.Cobalt
10. was raised in Cobalt left at the age of 13 returned to live here in 1964.
11.Car.
12.South from Swastika
13.three
14.engineer
15 Long distance telephone operator.
16. Was killed in a United Asbestos Mine 21 years ago.
17.Quit my job Friday at the hospital too much pressure and confusion.
18. To be honest about it, when I returned to Cobalt after living here in the early days. It was depressing sight to see all the empty buildings which were eye sores when I visited in 1964. I found an amazing change for the good.
19. It looked as if someone had gone to the hairdressers and had a hairdo. It looked so different it didn't look like a ghost town anymore.
20. For this reason the 0.N.R. had moved their long distance office from Swastika to New Liskeard. There was no work in Swastika. The buses were cut off to Kirkland Lake, and a place to raise my children.
21.I worked at Haileybury Hospital C.S.R.
22.7:30 to 4:00 p.m. - 12:30 to 9 shift.
23. $40. per week.
24. We lived at 106 Earl St. when I was a kid, 2 storey frame wooden building.
25. All I can remember was a Big Christmas tree, dolls and a long stairway. We hung our stockings up in the stairway.
26 In house.
27. Hydro
28. Wood stove, mother made her own bread, preserves, did her own sewing. My sister has my mothers sewing machine still
29. quebec heater, burned coal.
30 There was everything ,stores side by side on each side of Lang Street. I remember shaft store operated by Giachino at one time he had an ice cream parlour. There were lots of blind pigs. There was one blue house on -Earl St. they called it mothers place.
The Bijou on Lang Street, the Lyric and Grand Theatre. I remember a concert at the Grand Theatre that all the school children were in. my sister was a music teacher at the time. She used to teach music at night and work at Woolworths in the daytime.
32. Skiing, skating, play ball, snow shoeing. Lots of swimming in the old pond at the end of Sass Lake, near the Hudson Bay property. They had a big dam :here and we swam in the pond and picked blueberries.There is still a large cement block there from the dam, we now stand on it when we go fishing. There were houses there and a big mine mill there. The foundation is still there. There was also a large building there I never . . went near it. It was for scarlet fever patients. Old Dr. Mitchell and Taylor and Dr. Schmidt was here then. A car hit me and broke my leg that’s how I remember the Dr's. I guess there was only one car then in town as there weren't cars and one had to hit me.
33. St. Hilarion school was the one I attended, it was across the right of way bridge. There was a big Catholic Church next to this school that blew over on Good Friday. I can't remember the name of the Church.
34. 10 years plus business college. St. Hilarion was a big frame building with eight class rooms. Lots of big halls and nuns. After the 1922 fire they had around 500 pupils temporary.
35. We walked, if there was a big storm someone would come along with a horse and sleigh and gave us a ride to school. We took our lunch in the winter and ate in the big basement.
36. The one I remember the most was Dr. Taylor, he fixed my leg when I broke it.
37 There was a mines hospital here.
38 Kirkland Lake.
39. Gary was 18. Jeffery joined the army at 17, Albert 18, Tina still going to Laurentian University.
40. There was no summer work. The only one who got summer work was Tina one summer she worked at the Beach.
41. Lots of mines and shafts. Lots of men going to work with their lunch pails.
42.
43. Lunch pail
44. Big supper at night
45. slacks, skirts, mocassins
46 Occasionnally wore my best clothes on Sunday
47. Church first, catachism at 2 p.m. and church at night
48 .is a large old book dated 1874.
49. A good friendly swing
50. You go down the street and everyone says hello.
51. Parks, lights, new sidewalks. I have a respect for Jack Mathews. He has done a lot of Cobalt. It has cleaned up.
52.
53.
54.
55. Yes
56. Would like to see a few industries start up, we've got the land, water and a place for it. Their own natural resources could come up with an answer. All the older people wouldn't be so lonely, if they could do something in one area to be sold. We have lots of silver in the old dumps and mines are stocked and piled with silver. The price of silver should be up. We are in the Clay Belt. Why can't we package it, get an outlet and ship it out. They. do ceramics all over the country. There should be a good sale for it, if you need a pound of clay to do pottery you buy it 1146 shot in Toronto. Why couldn't it come from here. Seeing they have so much clay here why couldn't we manufacture pots planters etc. Clay has lots of uses.
57. Spring and fall.
58. Playing cards, bingo.
59. Ceramics, summer time, roam the bush,,look at rocks and the old foundations there are interesting.
60. Price of silver to go up. Jobs made to solve the unemployment.
61. Engineers, geologists, miners.
62. Miners Festival very good. Museum, good beach at Bass Lake, Rock Hounds paradise, mine tours, good water,fishing, hunting, beautiful country.

Highlights

When people are taken on mine tours Rock shapes as picks or rocks could be given to the tourists. These could be done here.
Train went to Silver Centre Daily 1926-27. I lived there 2 years..
New Frontier, Keeley Frontier, Whit Lawford, Nipissing, Maidens were some of the mines working there at the time.There were quite a few houses, 1 show, ice cream parlour, restaurant, general store, post office. Quite a few families. I went to Public School there. It was a busy town, so sidewalks, lots of mines.
I'm not too keen on these things (no employment) I do hope they'll do something for these people.
the whole north seems to be sleeping. These people going around with no jobs. It breaks the morals. It isn't encouraging.
Ida enjoys doing ceramics and pottery, long walks in the bush in the summer.

Carmen Stubinski
March 7,1972
1 3/4 hours.

1. Agnes Sutherland ( Mrs. Micheal)
2. Aggie
3. Agnes Vattey
4. 103 Galena St. Cobalt
5. 679-8312
6. 76
7. Wotten Waren, Warwickshire, England
8. England
9. We were married in England
10. May 3, 1918
11. boat 6 days Aquatinia, train
12. Across the ocean to Halifax, took train to Montreal, to North Bay and to Cobalt, took 3 days on train.
13. 3 of us
14. Silver mine
15. housewife
16. I remember the raids in England we used to have to get up in the night and run to the basement for shelter. Met my husband in England before he went to France. When he came back to England he was in the hospital 1 ½ years. We got married when he was in the hospital while he was convalescing. I thought I'd like to come to Canada I've like it from the start.
18. It was a dirty town. Everyone burnt coal and wood and there were piles of ashes on the side of the sidewalks, very different from where I come from.
19. A bustling town, lots of work.
20. I came to Cobalt because my husband lived here. It was his home town. Mrs. Pat Laronde, his sister lived on Nickel Street. my husband came here in 1906 from Renfrew. The bank was in a tent then. He expected to go to work in the mines again which was the townsite mine. Roberts was his shift boss.
21.Mostly logging and mining.
22. 7 to 5
23. his pay day was around $40. every 2 weeks.
24. We rented a house in West Cobalt. It was very cold and draughty. Its torn down now.
25. I can't remember exactly We always had plum pudding. I make it every year. I like it better than X-mas cake. I make 7 or 8 every year.
:26. We had no water in the house, The pump was in the village. Used to carry waterfrom the lake for washing.
27. Electricity.We had a hanging light bulb. Had to hitch your toaster to the light socket. It’s a wonder we didn’t have fire.
28. Iron wood stove.
29. Quebec heater, burnt wood later coal.
30. We had a little store in West Cobalt, like a corner store. McKewens had a store on Silver Street and Prospect that is where we used to deal.
31. There were 2 shows, dances, and lots of house parties.
32. Didn't have much to do over there (England) The only skating we had is ff we had frost. No organized sports. Used to slide down hills when we had frost and ball in the summer.
33.
34. 8 years That’s all we could get over there unless we went to boarding school
35. Street oars from Cobalt to New Liskeard the track ran beside the -railroad track trains, not many cars.
36. Dr. Mitchell
37. There was a hospital in Cobalt for miners only.
38. England.
39. John 16, Essie 15, Teddie 16, Rose 16
40. I can't remember where they went to work I had 9 of them. Rose was in the army, 2 :,-ears she served as a wac . All worked downtown at local jobs.
41. Lots of them. They were all working you could get a job anywhere.
42.
43. Roast beef, boiled pork, potatoes.
44. Good substantial meal.
45. Mrs. Sutherland laughed. Cotton dresses in summer, high buttoned boots around 8 inches always had a button hook. A hat you wouldn't go out, without it. It was standard equipment.
46. Best clothes, always a hat still used. Don't feel dressed without a hat.
47. go to church morning and night. Go for walks and cook.
48. I've given them away, my grandson in Welland is an antique collector. My basin, large jug etc. I gave it to him.
49. friendly people.
50. It’s home.
51.Like Tressider's new store, community hall, rink, new parks.
52.
53. no.
54.
55. yes.
56.. More work I think the council is doing a very good job. Look at the lovely new houses on Dunning Drive.
57. fall
58. Watch TV, like knitting when I watch TV
59. knitting
60 The mines can't be all worked out. Its a big area. More exploring and the mines reopen. There should be something besides mining.
61. They would be interested if their homes were here,
62. Usually got out and see the town. Visit other people. In summer there is the beach, fishing and hunting. Wilfie brought me home a 15 lb. pike last week we had 4 good feeds of it and still have another neal out of it. It was so good and good hunting here.

HIGHLIGHTS

Since Christmas Mrs. Sutherland has done so much knitting she has a large black plastic bag full of knitting. She knits for the hospital bazaar in the fall. Its hard to believe all the knitting she has ready for gifts and bazaar.


Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski March 31, 1972
3 hrs.
1, Marion Sutherland (Mrs. Jack)
2.Marion McLeod
3. 46 Galena Street, Cobalt
4. 679-6116
6. 78 yrs. old
'8. Picto County, Nova Scotia
9. Mother and dad both born in Nova Scotia
10.Westville, Nova Scotia
11. Cobalt, Dec. 1929
12. 3 of us
14. Fox rancher and prospector
15. Helped in the past office at home
16. died 1969 age 87
17. retired
18. It was pretty bad, there were lots of empty buildings, the only mining at all was leasing and picking the dumps. There were so many men traveling the freight trains when the trains put cars in at the siding. I'd have us high as seven a day asking for meals never missed a day without someone begging meals. They were fine people and just couldn't get a job. We’d take them in and feed them. Then it petered out to a different element. They started to steal. Then we'd feed them in the back kitchen or shed. We never let anyone that asked go away hungry.
19. There were more people then than there are now.
20. Because we were in Porcupine and the Dome Mine burned, So the people were leaving the Porcupine for the other jobs.
Jack was working in Noranda and his brother Hugh wanted him to come to Cobalt. His company General Secrurities Corp. had several properties in Cobalt area such as the Lawson, LaRose, Violet, Princess, University and Mastermet Mine Properties, later Hugh , my husband Jack took a lease on all there properties.
The main ones he worked were LaRose, Lawson, Princess and Violet. My husband and son—in—law Robert MacArther, built a mill on the Violet Property.
I think they prospected in every township in Northern Ontario. North of North Bay to Cochrane, Timmins, He never carried a compass, he never got lost in the bush. He had a sense of direction, don't know how he did it.
He staked where the Noranda Mine is today in Que. on the Horne Fault. He sent the samples to his brother Hugh and Hugh said forget it there's nothing in Northern Quebec So he let the claims go also milled being wealthy thats a prospectors fate.
He also worked putting in a Hydro Line from Matachewan to Timmins before he came to Cobalt. He was helping them lay the line for the power line.
The reason we came to Toronto. I came first. I was very sick and they couldn't operate in Nova Scotia for Thyroid goiter. So I came to Toronto and Dr. Primrose did the operation. That operation was very rare at that time. Dr. Primrose came from Westville Nova Scotia,
That's what brought my husband out from Nova Scotia. He brought out our little daughter and we made our home in South Porcupine.
The hydro line they worked on was private. Not built by Northern Hydro when we moved to Porcupine. The first place wasn't much more than a shack. We had no bathroom facilities we had an outdoor toilet.
We used to buy water by the barrel. We used coal oil lamps Cooked on a wood stove, one thing there was lots of wood
30. Shops weren't too bad.
35. Street car line. Niel McIsaac was motorman
36. Dr. Schmidt and Dr. Kane
37 We had a hospital on the site of Buffams funeral home to-day. They had a big parrot In the window. He was on a stand with a claim on his leg. He was beautiful bird
38. Westville, Nova Scotia
39. She gave dancing lessons. Now she’s teaching art. She does a lot of paintings yet, very active in arts and crafts. She has been painting since she was a public school.
43. I know more about a prospectors meal. I'd have to pack his pack sack and it really was packed as we couldn't forget anything as there was no other way to get food. There would be flour first, soda, cream of tartar, bean, salt pork, canned milk, it was heavy to carry. They always took honey, peanut butter, jam sow belly, tea and coffee and sugar. Their main meal was pancakes and banock
48. Have my family bible I got when I was married. My brother helped me pay for it. I like the way they had put in parks. I’m hyped on the flowers and I like the museum
52. no
53. I would like to see the mines going again and more industry
59. Church, Daughters of Scotland, T.V.
60. More work I don't know what type of work just more work. People that are hard enough up, any kind of work shouldn't bother them.
61. I think tourists might be interested with Cobalt's historical background.
62. So many things. It not our climate thats a cinch. Scenery is beautiful, facilities for swimming excell old mines, rocks very fasinating to them. Open rock cuts, with the ice. Cobalt is terrific as a painters paradise and the hospitality.
My brother in law Hugh Sutherland. He was the Chief of the Clan. He was the oldest and my husband was the youngest. He died at the ripe of age 104. He was 100 yrs. old in confederation year, He was married to his

second wife 50 yrs. He was a millionaire.
He was also owner of the Mastermet property of Cobalt till 3 yrs. ago he mellowed and sold the property to the town of Cobalt.
For a good many years he kept the people on North Land St. the French church, hotel in hot water. He would not sell the homeowners the land their house or shack stood on.
They could or would not do repairs on their houses every so often he was going to evict them
the people were very upset. It made headlines in the newspapers across Canada many times. Since they have the deed for the land their houses stand on. They have repaired painted and improved their home's..
Mrs. Sutherland is a woman with a keen memory.
Mrs. Bob MacAuthur had a good hand in getting her uncle to sell the land to the town of Cobalt.


Name of Interviewer: Lucy Damiani Date of Interview: March 28
Time 1 1/2 hrs.
1.Raymond Sutherland
2. Dupuis wife
3. 4 Earl St.
4. 679-8171
5. construction worker
6. I was born in Cobalt my wife was born in Haileybury
7. My Mother was born in England My Father was born in Renfrew
8. Married and have 7 children
9. 60 yrs.
10. The town of Cobalt is alright, the only drawback is the unemployment and I think something should be done about it before it becomes another ghost town.
I don't like the regional educational system its seems foolish to have schools and facilities right in town and still transport children and students to out of town schools. I think it’s also harder to keep track of your children when they go to school out of town, you don't know if they're going to school or they are not and it’s a long day they have to start out much earlier and coming home much later. They are talking about a losing Grade 13 at the local High School and there are the Temagami and Latchford students going to New
Liskeard when they could be coming to Cobalt.
Our economic situation would probably be better if the companies and individuals who made all their money in Cobalt, they would start industries or put some money back into our economy. It has long been mentioned that Cobalt built Bay Street in Toronto.
Another instance here a labourer cannot get work at a lot of places unless he knows
someone who knows someone else. Sherman Mines is one offender. I have applied there for work, none, time and time again and always the same answer. We have nothing. And their medical examination is so strict they couldn't pass it for underground.
Some of the local mines did not know until they had closed up that the government
is offering a grant for exploration work which is very helpful, this has kept the Agnico operating, a secondary industry if we could encourage capital to come in would relieve some of the unemployment.
I hear is no encouragement for a small business to be located here. But, I doubt they would be able to survive until our economy is boosted if people are not working they cannot spend money.
We have no job opportunities without industry the stares or offices cannot hire if they are not busy. As for training, schools the manpower courses require you have two yrs. in the work force to qualify and we do not have a training school locally so again we are missing the advantages of larger centres, which means our young people are taking off and going elsewhere
I really think organized sport is a good idea and should be encouraged we have all the facilities here in our community hall, a large arena, and school is also a must in a town, with young people and adults both. The youth do need organized sports and recreation to keep them occupied.
Yes, I would like to see a baseball park and an outdoor swimming pool maybe in conjunction with one of the service clubs, do we have to go to Bass Lake for swimming and baseball? If we don’t have transportation it is very difficult.
I would like to make a comment on Unemployment Insurance Benefits....,the Act has just recently been amended but it leaves many unfavourable conditions.
11. There is a long 3 week waiting period. which is very hard on a family man
12. It lasts only 18 weeks in some instances and if you are off due to weather conditions your benefits are smaller.
13. I am only receiving $90 weekly with 7 children. I have had to apply for welfare as well.
14. More often than not it is a lot of trouble, a lot of correspondence, and quite a mixed
up arrangement, can we have this settled or made more comprehensible for the work force, Price of silver is low there is no work in the mines so I've had to apply for welfare to keep going. There aren't too many prospects at present in the contract work. Perhaps the price of silver went up to about $3 an ounce and then put a ceiling on it, might be one solution for the economy.
The town is doing a good job of municipal government the taxes are fair, the snow removal has been very good, and they have also improved the appearance of the town by building the parks renovating some of the old buildings they have encouraged new homes by a new sub ditision.
My father worked in 1938 at the Preston East Dome Mine in Timmins wages were better there in comparisson to today. I worked here 1 1/2 yrs then went to Missinnabee Clay north of Kapuskasing 8 miles out of Smokey Falls, just a winter job then back to Cobalt for Cobalt Products they had the Beaver, Temiskaming, Agnico, old Silver Bar and Cobalt Products Properties. I worked here about 15 yrs. I also worked at the Silver Miller 2 yrs and the Langis Silver two years. then I went out to the West Coast on the Alaska Highway from there to Sarnia Construction for a year. Euchi Lake near Red Lake and Thompson Manitoba and Inco Property. Thompson was a prosperous community with its own smelter at the mine, I was only there for three months had been led to believe the money was much better. Then it was Temagami Mining properties. I began working on the Power Notch Dam Project which lasted till September 1971. Worked on a pipeline till December and and now unemployed.
When I first married we were living in West Cobalt paying rent then in 1952 I bought the house I am now live in, Its a duplex and upstairs 6 rooms, and three large rooms downstair
For entertainment I am very fond of sports especially bowling, I have won a trophy, I
also like softball, swimming, watch T.V. follow hockey series very closely and I like to fish and hunt.
When I was young, we played ball in the park at West Cobalt all summer and we used to swim at Pretty Lake, corn roasts at Loon Lake. In the winter sleigh riding and skiing we could get a sleigh from Mr. Bigelow anytime and the gang would go down to Cooks and Gillies Coles at Gilles or stay at Bigelow’s in West Cobalt and the schoolhouse at Firstbrook for dances, had some really good times,
They used to hold big Rodeo's at the West Cobalt park, there was a big grandstand and we had a dance hall, the entertainment was all imported from out of town. Mr. Brewer had the job to put the grounds in and in 1930 they built them.
There were in the early days stories from one end of Toronto, to the other. Buck's T.B.S., Simards , McKays Tailor Shop, Canadian Horne Furnishings, Sherrys Mens Wear, Ough’s Butcher SL27, Fauteaus Butcher Shop,
'We have also had a pet shop 3 banks, 3 theatres, Cuckoo Clock Shop. Woolworths, 3 drug stores. I can remember Charboneaus Jewelry, Minerva, Boston and Chinese restaurants, Taylor Hardware, Northern Canada Supply Damiani's Grocery, Royal Trust Co. was in the Fraser Building, we used to have 2 dentists, 2 doctors a lawyer three banks and many other business establishments.
My big hope is for the price of silver to go up. I like Cobalt the people the atmosphere and of course my home family and friends are here.So I would not like to move away ,the old saying goes, you're the best old town I know

Simone Bedard May,12,1972
3 1/4 hours.
1. John Suzack
4. Room 40 Prospect Ave. Fraser Hotel
6. 51 years old
7. Princess Property, Cobalt
8. Both my Parents were born in Ukraine, Bucovina Province and they came to Cobalt in 1913. Rink--What I remember of the rink when I was a kid of 6 years old. It was very cold and everybody would go to the rink. We kids would stand outside by the door as we had no money to get in, some of the big shots with big Hudson Bay coats would hide us under their coats then give the guy at the door a wink and they push us in front of them and we'd get in free to see games played by senior teams from Haileybury & Cobalt. There was a lot of heavy hitting games at the blue lines there wasn't much corner play like today. There was a lot of stick handling in those days, there were fights and tripping but no boarding like they have today, there was butt ending and they player who had been hit would fall on the ice and nobody knew what had happened, there was no high sticking, everything was below shoulder.
When we were kids we use of dig through 6 feet of hard packed snow on the side of the rink and through the frozen ground under the foundation just to get in to see a hockey game, about 50 kids would sneak in and the owner would always have the holes blocked before each game, but we had rink rats inside who were our friends and they would go under the seats and open the holes once the game got underway.
At every game there were a lot of well off people attending the games and they would watch the game from the home end of the rink, this end of the rink was called the "Millionaires Row"
In those days the rink was not heated so people would come fortified with whiskey hidden in their big Hudson Bay coats.
When we use to sneak under the rink the police Chief Mr. Stromberg would throw a snow ball or chunk of snow at the police then he would take off after this once the kids would run away from the rink and we'd get back in the rink again.
The Ice Carnivals were pretty well as to—day with figure skating and races for different age groups. There was a MacKinnon girl who would win most of the prizes in figure skating. we had Saturday afternoon public skating and the rink was just full.
The rink was usually closed in the summer months except for a Summer Carnival for a week or so. This carnival usually consisted of a fish pond, games of skill, and chance, a wheel of fortune, they also had a hot dog stand and pop. They would build a temporary stage for local talent and entertainers. The rink was closed most of the tme outside of winter months.
The owner had young guys keeping the ice clean and flooded and also keep the wood fires burning in the dressing rooms for doing these chores they would get free ice time for hockey practice, this is how they got the named Rink Rats. The building and rink area was about ¾ the size of our arena today.
I have been told that before I was born Cobalt had a professional team in the N.H.L. Some of the teams were the Ottawa Silver Sevens & the organization was played between Cobalt & a Montreal team.
In the early days ladies did all the baking on Friday and cooking on Saturday and we had to cut and split the wood on Saturday of course everybody had a bath on Saturday night and then on Sunday we had nothing more to do but get dresses up and go to church and to visit friends.

MARKET

The market was between the T.T.L.part if it was outside market and the other was inside. In those days it was all steam engines on the tracks and this was local passenger & baggage service between Latchford, Silver Centre and Englehart. Early Saturday morning the farmers would come from Englehart and area with all their farm products, live chickens, live ducks, pig heads, sides of pork and of course in summer
potatoes, carrots, cabbage and other vegetables, fresh eggs, cream, butter, processed cheese bacon, this is what would be in the market. After unloading the farmers and their products the train would go to Silver Centre and bring the customers. So the market as well as a place for buying your fresh vegetables and meat was a great meeting place for people in the area. it was a reversed procedure of bringing the farmers and customers
back home. Young boys like myself would e on stand by with our little wagon to help the people bring their purchases home such as live chickens and potatoes and such and we’d get paid 20 cents to 25 cents a delivery .
We use to have a daily morning train from the south and the Cobalt Station anfd market place were very busy places come on Saturday morning. The newspaper would come on the morning train and we'd also make money selling newspaper on the street and to
market customers. The market place was also a news gathering place as
there was no radios in those days.

MILLS

In the milling process to recover Silver from the ore the original silver mills in the Cobalt Camp played a vital role in the pioneering of modern day milling process. In the original mills in Cobalt the stamp mills were used to crush the ore and Rice each mill had a battery of stamp mills going there was a constant rumbling sound, and this was continuous night and day and of course people got used to it.
So when a stamp mill did close down for a while you knew something was missing you missed the sound. When the mines started closing down because of economic reasons and lack of ore the mills were closed down one by one and left then idle. For some strange reason a mill would catch on fire and burn to the ground, most of the mills in Cobalt were destroyed this way, the mill sites were cleaned up and all the iron was recycled so now there's nothing left but the old foundations. Street Cars
The street car line use to run from New Liskeard through Cobalt and right around to the Drummond Mine at Kerr Lake, There were a few hundred people living in the Kerr Lake and Giroux Lake area who used the street car service to Cobalt and New Liskeard. There was an hourly service during the week but on Saturday afternoon and evening they had 15 minutes service to Cobalt from Giroux Lake & Kerr Lake area due to the shopping hours for the miners who lived at the bunk houses on the mining property.
On Saturday the street cars were so full of people were hanging out of the doors.
Of course at the Cobalt station quite a number of people would transfer to the new Liskeard street car and go on to Haileybury and New Liskeard. On July 1ST. and different school picnics,the street cars were kept very busy between Cobalt & New Liskeard Beach with the people from Haileybury and Cobalt attending these picnics and Dominion Day celebrations. In the early days New Liskeard beach was a great place for local festivities. The street car line to Kerr Lake was also used to bring in supplies & material to the mines in the area. Coal was a major item amongst the supplies going in to the mines. Being a street car and trolley line it was an all electric powered system by overhead trolley line. The street cars were made of wood and wooden seats and in the winter the motor man had a little coal stove near him to keep him warm. People in the area spent many enjoyable hours riding on the street cars.

Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: March 20, 1972
Time: 1 1/2 hrs.
1. Mrs. Eugene Sweeney
2.Angeline Sweeney
3. McDonald
4. 12 Helen
5. 679-5627
6 . 88, 89 in July
7. Rutherglen
8. Father in Scotland Mother in Gatineau
9. Ottawa 'Valley
10. 1926
11. train
12. Took the Boat across the river to Pembroke, C.P.R. to North Day T.N.NO. to Cobalt
13. 5, 3 boys and a girl
14. miner, always worked at the O’Brien
15. housewife
16. dead
17.Lives with daughter Rita, and looks after the house and cooking. Had 2 sons in the Army. Joseph and Gerald killed in action. Gerald was killed and Joseph was never the same he was shell shocked
18 liked it
19. very friendly, was frightened at first, but people really welcomed her. She said it was so busy that when you walked down down with a baby carriage it was hard to get through the crowds.
20. Husband got a job here. They lived with his friends on a farm in Sheenboro but Angeline wanted to move away as it was really too crowded
21. mining and clerking in stores
22. 8 hours
23. $20
24. on Helen St. Clapbboard house 2 storey
25. Had a lovely time, husbands brothers came there were 3 of them in town
26. in the house
27. Hydro
28. Prince of Wales, cook stove oven at top
29. wood
30. Patti Martin's, Cain’s Rowden’s, Woolworth’s Hernon’s Grocery Store on the hill Stadleman's, Tuttlebaum's Boot and shoe store
31. Picnics and dances 5 theatres they were good shows
32.
33. Rutherglen
34. 7

34 Streetcars, horses for deliveries, cars people that were well off only
36. Dr.Schmidt
37- Husband had finger taken off there
38. Sheenboro, Que.
39. Joe, Gerald, Charlie, Mary, Rita, Eleanor,
40 . Eleanor in Ottawa, Income tax office, Rita, Northern Telephone, Mary O.N.R. Long distance
41. Mines were all operating, men had jobs
42. Had a lot of them, went out to ball grounds to watch nearly every Sunday
43. potatoes andmeat, boiled pork mostly, lots of bread usually took about a loaf of home¬made bread in unch
44. very good, had their own garden
45. homemade housedresses
46. wore hats, dressed up
47. went to mass, morning, and evening
48. . pictures, house burnt down so lost a lot
49. likes it nice and friendly
50.
51. appearance of town
52. no
53. mo
54.
55. more houses and more mines operating
56. answer above
57. summer
58. likes going to suppers and watching television
59. Dancing and puttering in the garden
60. another industry
61. good hard working people
62. friendship, lots to eat and drink
Angeline is a sweet old lady that wishes there were more dances in town so she could sit and watch, and even dance even though she is 89. She just kept mentioning all the crowds, when she first came never went out that much she was too busy looking after her children and the house,


Joanna Stubinski March 27,1972
Time: 1 ¼ hrs
1. Miss Rita Sweeney
2. Rita
3. Single
4. 12 Helen St
5. 679-5627
6. 43
7. Cobalt
8. Rutherglen, Ont. Mother. Sheenboro Quebec. Father
9. Ottawa Valley
10. born here
11. parents came by train
12. Parens came by CPR to North Bay then TNNO to Cobalt
13. 7
14. Dad was a miner
15. Mother was a housewife
16. Father is dead
17. Rita is a bookkeeper for Northern Metal Ltd.
18. Rita has always loved Cobalt when you are born in a town you just seem to be tied to it.
19. Cobalt was a lot busier than now, even though it was going downhill.
20. My parents came to Cobalt because because father heard of the money to be made
in Cobalt and he was fed up with farming.
21. Mining – building roads and working in the bush cutting and selling wood
22. Rita’s first job was during the summer at Hermiston’s bake shop then when through school, she worked for
Northern Teleohone then finally Northern Metal
23. Job during the summer was 4 hours a day
24. this paid $7 a week
25. Can’t remember any special one but always had a lot of fun
26. running water
27. hydro
28. Woodstove. 'They were the first house on Helen to get a telephone
29. wood
30.Working Mans store – Shaw’s ,Costello's drug store, Taylor Hardware, Hydro
Office, sold furniture there, clothing stores, Fauteau grocery store and butcher shop. Minerva restaurant,
Chinese restaurant, Paneriti's Candy store. Greenleys grocery store, .Caverleys
31/ Bowling, skating, shows, made their fun, also badmington
32 Basketball, skating, picking berries and sold them
33. St. Pat’s and Cobalt High School
34. grade 12
35. train, buses wehtn to bass lake, streetcars, care
36. Dr. Wallingford
37. Just in fisiting her father
38.
39.
40.
41. Mines all running watched thethe mill at the Nipissing burn thought the sky was so red they thought the whole town was burning down. Mother had the whole family up ready to move out.
42. Up at the ball park drilling remembers people came from all over
43. Her mother made heavy meals for her dad. Plenty of vegetables, meat and desserts. Always ate a lot of pork.
44. good substantial meals.
45. skirts, blouses, sweaters, wore slacks to school but had to take them off.
46. Wore their best dress. Always wore a hat
47. Went to mass. Bass Lake and skating. Also for walks downtown or to ball park
48. none
49. Rita likes the people here.
50. Sentimental reasons-members people came from all over
51.parks, recreational prposes and facilities
52.McGarry’s, Folley, the parking lot, losing the drug stores, lack of shopping facilities and transportation. Doesn’t like the way the snow is ploughed
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. would like to see it busier but can’t offer any suggestions
57. summer
58. goes to the show and the tavern
59. used to do woodwork and knitting. But really loves travelling
60. Government should step in
61. just the tourists as it has nothing to offer
62. fishing, hunting. Art colony, rock hounds, museum, Historic sites, water shoot at Ragged Chutes, scenery.

Highlights

Rita is really a wonderful person. -lives at home with her mother and probably always will. She just gets a real kick out of playing tricks on people. I doubt 1f she will ever leave Cobalt.












May 24,1972
2 hours


1. Edward Sylvester
2. Ed
4. 57 Nickel St.
5. 679-5540
6. 55 years old
7. Born in Cobalt on Earl Street at home
8. Mother in Gracefield, Que., Dad Briston Mines
9. Dad met my mother and the married in Sturgeon Falls. Dad let left when he was 14 years old. The three brothers Dad, Jim and Bill all left home when they were very young and Don Sylvester was game warden in Kirkland Lake. He met my brother in law and he happened to say he had married a Sylvester. So Don went to visit them, they compared notes my sister said I have no uncles my dad's brothers have been dead for years. Through Don — Dad found out his 3 brothers were living. He hadn't seen them for 45 years they were very much alive. They got together and all they did was cry. It was something believe me. Don took Dad to Bristol Mines. My uncle Jim couldn't believe it. In those years no one could write. They had to get out so young, to work. Dad started to work in the mines in Cobalt in 1905. One day he had 4 different jobs at different mines each mine he went to and job he tried he didn't like. The 4th one was at the Nipissing mine. He stayed there 45 years. Dad died at the age of 96 in 1952. Mother died at the age of 86 in 1972
13. I was the third child there's Bill, Emma ,Cecil, Jane and Francis. We were all born in Cobalt at home. From Cobalt they moved to 104 they lived across the tracks before the 1922 fire they were burnt out they used to be 30 houses across the tracks.
I mined till 1949 now mechanic at Sherman Mine. I worked at Silver Miller Glen Lake. Left Cobalt went to Bancroft for 5 years and at worked at Wilroy for 9 months. It was depression years when I was growing up. We
got married in 1934 at St. Theresa's Church Father Chapleau was parish priest then. When I first went to work I worked for Coleman Township cutting wood for people on relief. We used to get $ 11 voucher no cash, every two weeks and $5 per month for clothes. Dad was over 70 years old. I tried to do his 2 weeks work. They wouldn't let me at first after many arguments How could dad work at that age, they let me do his 2 weeks work. The old age pension was $20. a month then. I was married when I worked at Gillies airport cutting brush. They paid 20 cents per day with room and board. They served lots of prunes prunes and more prunes. We got paid by the month and cash 5 new one dollar bills per month, there were 300 men working there. People on relief and welfare today should be made to work instead of getting welfare so easy. I gave Ralph Benner a lot of credit
for sticking to Cobalt as he has. Our first home was next door to the Public School in Mileage 104. We got water from a spring. The spring is still there. It was very good water. Our house was a two storey frame building. No electricity, therecwas electricity in town, but we couldn't afford it. We used a Coleman
coal oil lamp. We had a cast iron cook stove,the oven opened sideways. We made our own entertainment I had a bob sleigh I made, with a plank and 2 sleighs. We used to play ball. Dad bought me a pair of skates. I traded them for a 22 gun. I got hell for trading my skates. So I had to return the gun, get my skates back. Then I traded my skates for a movie projector. We showed slides on the wall, when dad found out. I had to take it back and get my skates again. He paid $12. for them that was a lot of money in those days.
33. I went to St. Theresa's school
35. Street cars. They took the street cars off in 1935.
36. Dr. Taylor
37.Got my appendix out in the Minters Hospital, Dr. Case was the Dr., Miss Reed was matron Miss Knight and Miss Brown were nurses
38. At home in Cobalt, Bill was born in Mileage 104. The rest were born in Cadillac Que. We had 6 children the last 2 are twins,
40. Bill went to work at Brady lake at 17. He was the French one in our family as we lived 12 years in Cadillac He'd always answer in French. I worked for O'Brien and Cadillac Mines. They were gold mines. Safety rules were not as they are today. The safety rules I saw one guy once smoking a cigarette sitting on a keg of powder.
48. My dad's fiddle its over 125 years old. He used to play it lots in the early days.
49. Cobalt is home to me. I wouldn't want to move,
50. This last couple of years they have beautified the town. Its 100 per cent better than it was 10 years ago.
52. The stores closing and businesses leaving town. It seems everything is moving or did move to New Liskeard.
53. Yes
56. Industry to give work for people old and young people willing to work.
57. Summer, spring fishing. Was fishing in Lake Temiskaming Monday there were several boats there, everyone catching fish, large ones.
59. Fishing, bowling, rock collecting.
60. Jobs made for people willing to work
61. tourists
62. good fishing, unique scenery, rocks for rock hounds, museum, mine tours, Cobalt's hospitality.

I would like to give Paul Hermiston credit where its deserving. He deserved a lot of credit for the endless hours he spent organizing and setting up the museum. He went into the bush bought in old stake posts. Post identified with beaver chewing marks. Set up exhibits rock and prospectors.


Lucy DAMIANI, Apr. 20/72
7:00 - 9:00 - 2 hours -
1. Orville Tanner
2.
3. 166 Earl St.
4. 679-5916
5 Stock keeper for Hydro
6. Cawood, Ontario.
7. Mother and Father born in Quyon, Quebec.
8. Married with two children
9. About 58 years old.
10. Cobalt in my estimation will never be a ghost town even though some people have already called it this. I’ll tell you I’ve seen it much worse. Why around the ‘50’s they were selling houses down on Russell Street for $50 just to have people take them away. In a way this was a good thing because it helped clean up some of the old shacks that were left.And another good thing that happened to this was the release of Mastermet Property after many years of haggling and arguing. Now that people own theim outright they have started to make repairs and clean up their premises. As for education I think this is a good system we have of regional schoos. One big school to go to means better facilities, possibly more courses going for the students and a better grade of teachers. I know we are having a big argument right now about keeping grade 13 at Cobalt High rather than send students to Liskeard. This is different. Our High School here has always had a high caliber student and good teachers,. There are some big school facilities which are very good for a school this size/ think we should keep it going. We could have the students coming here from Latchford, North Cobalt, Temagami, its quite central rather than go to Liskeard. Now I also feel that amalgamation of certain towns and townships is very good. I would say we would do well to amalgamate with Township of Coleman, but a Tri-Town amalgamation I don’t go for at all. Really we have wonderful facilities in our little town and I would hate to see them go.
Our municipal government is doing a good job with garbage collection, snow removal, keeping up our sidewalks - they are slowly putting up new ones where needed and also our water rates and taxes are very reasonable. The parks certainly add to the town and it’s nice to see all the building going on. They tell me about 10 more people are building new homes again this summer.
I'd like to see the old town go ahead. My wife and I are happy here. The boys are married and one lives in North Bay and the other in Coldwater. We're not too far away. My home is here and my friends are here. live always
found it a friendly town. We have a cottage on the Matabitchewan River. Both love to fish and hunt and the outdoors, its the nicest part of the country. I was married at Shawville, Quebec in August 1938 and in February 1939 I went to Kirkland to work in the mines. I had a chance to get on with Hydro so I took the job and came to Matabitchewan in 1942 and worked as an operator. For about 5 years I drove a team of horses bringing mail and orders out of the "Mat" and bringing in mail, supplies, groceries, and other necessities. Matabichewan was a small little settlement. No stores but a small school. the peak attendance was some 22 chidren and also the Blair's lived there, McConnell's, Martin Johnson, Mont Petit, Bernache's, McLarens, Bonins and Israel Welsh. We worked for $95.00 a month, 6 days a week, Every second week we got 8 hours off. It was community minded and we made our fun. The kids always had a rink to skate on, later years they put sheets of ice in for curling, play cards, the gang used to come in from Cobalt to join us and sometimes would come out here. It was a beautiful spot in summer. Did a lot of fishing and went on portage trips to get in the good lakes or trout creeks. In 1952 I moved to Cobalt, so the two boys could go to school here. Bought the house I am now in completely remodelled, panelled walls added a glassed in verandah, new furnace, new foundation and today its very comfortable. You know I have a 1953 Hydro Staff News Book and I'll show you some pictures, its in the Vol. 6, No. 38 February 1953 issue. There's Keith Reid, He's a first operator at Upper Notch relaying information while Doug Orr takes it off the board. And there's Pete Bonin, foreman for the compressed air station at Ragged Chutes. Here's one of operator Eddie Tucker and Chief Operator Wes Rice looks on as floor man Ken Carman greases turbine gate arms. Here's some of the fellows taking a coffee break at the Hound Chutes Plant, I remember Paul Nadeau, he's since passed away and there's Bill Mallett, Bill Manderstom, Norm Bain, Johnny Baillik and Ray Sutton. There's our area manager W/E. Anderson and “Til" Speck area operating supervisor. Now don't forget this is 1953 and some of these jobs are now obsolete and some of the fellows are now in other positions.
You know many of our Hydro operators have kept watch at lonely outposts aver Ontario Hydro flow. The stations around Cobalt which include Hound Chutes, Fountain Falls, Upper Notch, Ragged Chutes, Indian Chutes and Matabitchewan were called Montreal River Circuit, now Fountain Falls is flooded and Upper Notch is flooded with new dam project. Some families have spent the part of their lives going around the same group of stations or on one particular colony. Mr. and Mrs. Wes Rice have spent 29 years at Matabichewan. They moved out of there in 1965. The chief operator at Upper Notch was Keith Reid who had been there some 30 years before he got moved to the new Dymond Transformer Station. Jim Keon, maintenance man at Ragged Chutes has logged about 40 years of bush time in the Ragged Chutes, Cobalt area. Foreman Pete Bonin was born and raised at Matabitchewan and spent the better part of his life there. And Ross McDougal, Chief Operator at Fountain Fails says work may get dull but a good operator has to be able to act fast in an emergency or he may get a surgeon the lines that might cause thousands of dollars worth of damage. Ross is now working as chief operator in Kirkland Lake. Entertainment on the colonies is home made and you have a variety of bridge clubs, knitting sessions, house dances, visiting, skating parties are popular and of course in the summer everybody grabs a rod and goes fishing. We have two camera bugs in Wes Rice and Ken Carmen whose professional like pictures are decorating many walls and photo albums. The colony wives as they are called have to be cut out for this type of life. You carefully plan a grocery list because if you forget a pound of margerine, Johnnie can't run to the store and get it, the distance is often 20 miles to a town. The colony population changes and shifts as children are school age, you move to a town. This is a life in our far north. population which today are almost extinct because of cars, easier travel and many plants today are automated which relieves man power, therefore progress —is taking its course.
Well Lucy that’s my history of Hydro life and I hope you've enjoyed it.
Just a minute Orville, didn't you get your 25 year membership with Hydro? OH, yes, I did there's my certificate to prove it and I also received a 25 year pin and a purse of money.
In 1968, we (the 25 year members) were all treated to a trip to Toronto and at a banquet at the Royal York Hotel we were presented with our certificates pin and money. Howard Taylor was another Cobalter who received his same time as I did.
It was very interesting to have this interview with Orville Tanner and I want to thank both he and his wife Gladys for their co-operation. She was most helpful with paper articles which I will enter later as history on the air plant at Ragged Chutes and also history of beginning and completion of Hydro Dam Project at Lower Notch.


1. Gordon Tasse
2. Gordie
3. 44. Park St.
5. 679-8429
6. I’m 65 years old.
7. I was born at Haileybury.
8. MY mother was born at Pembroke Ont. My dad was born at Oswego, New York.
9. Haileybury
10. We moved to Cobalt around 1926
13. When we came to Cobalt we were 6 boys and 1 girl and my parents.
17 I was in the army for 3 months and I was discharged because of Bronchitis, I was stationed at No. 25 Training Center near Toronto.
18. It was mining town and Cobalt looked like it had a good future, it was very easy to get work in the mines.
20. We came to Cobalt because there were more working opportunities.
22. We worked 9 hours a day and we had 15 minutes for lunch which we ate underground.
23. A machine man had $2.75 a day and a mucker $2.25 a day.
25. We would have a family gathering and we would play musical instruments and sing Christmas carols and other popular songs.
31. For entertainment there was Farr's Park in Haileybury where they had horse racing, baseball, we also had sleigh riding parties.
32. I did a bit of amateur boxing, baseball and ice skating.
33. I went to Ste. Mary's School in New Liskeard.
34 . I went to grade 10.
35. Street cars and taxis.
36. Dr. Gordon Jackson was our family doctor, I was named after him..
37. When we lived in New Liskeard there was the Lady Minto Hospilal and Cobalt had the Cobalt Miner's Hospital.
39. As a young boy while I was still going to school I worked part time at Farmer’s Cooperation after school and on week ends.
41. The mines were worked pretty well as they are to-day except that everything: was done by hand.
42.They had hand steeling and hand mucking contests.
43. Miners had sandwiches and tea for lunch.
44. We had good meals it wasn't like to-day, everything was home made.
45. We wore blue denim pants, heavy shirt, leather boots and a cap.
46. On Sunday I wore a pearl grey suit, white shirt, black tie, black shoes and straw hat.
47. I went to church and then I'd sing and play and instrument also broadcasted at McAdams Radio station across Cobalt Lake.
49-50. i find the Cobalt people very friendly and easy to get along with.
51. for one thing they had expanded with Dunning Drive and the trailer park, the mining museum is something in itself, and they have parking meters out.
53. Better snow removal and widening of narrow streets.
55. Mr. Mathews is the best mayor we've had and I would say that he's doing a very good job.
57. I prefer summer as I like to go fishing.
58. I watch T.V.
59. My hobby is electronics
60. The ansew to Cobalt's unemployment problem is a better price for silver.
61. People who would be interested in Cobalt would be miners and tourists.
62. Cobalt has the mining tours, mining museum and general geology to offer the visitor.
My dad came to Haileybury from Quebec by canoe with the Indians on Lake Temiskaming.
The Wabi River was named after the Wabi family who were well known by my dad. One of the first steamboats on Lake Temiskaming was owned by my father. The Jesuit gathers had a mission at the Old Fort for the Indians, this place now known as the Old Mission.
There's a lake in the Temagami area that was called after my father, he was prospecting there and he staked a claim nearby and the lake had not been named so they told dad to call it Tasse Lake.
There was a lead mine on the north-east shore of Lake Temiskaming by the name of Wright’s Mine was owned by Ned Wright and my dad. The first guys who found Kerr Lake Mine were and my father Charlie Tasse, they sold it to a Jewish man for $50,000. and the first shipment that went out of that mine paid for the original cost paid to the Wright's and my dad
My father was the first one to build a general store in Martineau Bay
My dad owned a property tied to the Green Meehan and Red Rock Mines sold it for $30,000.
The first cement block house to be built in Haileybury was on Rorke St.. Dad got this house built for us and he gave the contract to Mr. Frisby of New Liskeard who owned the theater there.
My dad and mother were married around 1905 in the Catholic Cathedral in Haileybury and held the reception in the Parish Hall and a second reception was held at the Orange Hall in the evening as dad was very well known.
The first theater in Haileybury was owned by my uncle, Mr. Marty Wright.
Fifty-six years ago the railroads ran from Cobalt to Silver Center and as the mines closed down it was later abandoned. At that time the Keeley, the Frontier, the Wetlawffer, the Currie, The Nipissing Lorraine and the Maiden mines were all working.
Mr. Brennan owned a store and operated the Post Office in Silver Center. Kerr Lake was once a decent town and the Nipissing Central Railway ran street cars to Giroux Lake every half hour.
The Cobalt rink on Miller Aue. was a big wooden frame building that was used for ice skating in Winter and roller skating in Summer they would play Over the Waves, Peggy O'Neil, It's three O'clock in the Morning, and Smile Awhile.
Maxey Bennett, Wilfred Moriarty and Fred Brough skated in a race against
Lela Brooks Potter who was the world's ladies speed skating champ in the Cobalt rink.
I was a broadcaster on McAdams radio station on the Sunday afternoon amateur show. Elizabeth Smith sang and I played violin, guitar and mouth organ. Captain Payne of the Salvation Army had trained about 12 young girls to play guitar and they would have a radio program every second week on McAdams radio station and I would be the broadcaster for the program.
I prospected with my father in South Lorraine Twp. I remember the Old Beland Mine located on McDonald Lake.
I also worked at No 13 Shaft at Kerr lake, I'd do the timbering of shafts.
I would play violin in recitals in the Tri-Town. I remember when my mother made home made soap.


Simone Bedard April 20,1972
1. Theresa Tasse
2. Theresa Quenneville
3. Nipissing Property
4. 679-8787
5. Housewife
6. I was born in St. Thomas . Ontario
7. My parents were born in Tilbury, Ontario
8. Married
9. 30 years old
10. its a nice place to live but everything is expensive. 1 think that children should be kept in town at least until grade 9, town owned facilities such as library and gymnasium provided for after school so children can take
advantage of it on weekends also. Grade 13 should be in the same school as grades 9 to 12 wherever it may be. Children should not have to travel more than 70 miles return to go to school. The economic situation in Cobalt right now is very low and we really need something and the government should help. Job opportunities for women are very rare. As for the men there’s still a high 'rate of unemployment. About the only training that's available is in the mining industry, as a miner. Wages aren't too bad, but the cost of living makes them seem less. An art centre would be nice but the sports field , it should come first. The high rentals are causing the small shops from starting up, for example craft shops, specialty shops as well as the big bargain type variety stores. Recreation in Cobalt is not too bad as far as arena or baseball and bowling but there is a lack of organization to keep. it going properly .
Complete recreational face lift is needed, parking facilities are needed, animal central is needed and a good paint job on some buildings is needed. We should have a local police force for Cobalt alone.
The new library was definitely a good change even though prices are still high the new Red & White store is larger and able to keep more stock of specials. Lang St. is shaping up a bit.
We've got a doctor but he is over his head in work and therefore we should have at least one more doctor, we should also have our own animal control officer and new by-laws for things such as snowmobile like those who race through the town and bicycle by-laws for a start and the by-law officer should have full authority.
These changes could be brought about with a high percentage of cooperation between the municipality and town authorities.


Carmen Stubinski April 19,1972
2 1/2 hours
1. Howard Taylor
4. 21 Prospect Ave., Cobalt
5. 679- 5554
6 . 65 years old
7. Coldwater,Ont
8. Coldwater,Ont
9. Grandfather came from Ireland. My grandfather Oliver Borrow came to Cobalt
in 1913. He prospected here. Thats how I first haRrd about Cobalt.
10. 1950
13. 7 of us
14. Was a fireman on the steam boats on the great lakes, steamboated security offier in 1974-43
15. clerk
16. retired 1971
17. retired
18. we moved here. New Years Eve. It was 47 below in 1950
19. It was in poor condition, run down and in had shape
20. We were moved here by the hydro and expected to make my home here permanent
We had 4 children going to school and we here there were good schools here.
21. The mines were running Silver Miller was operating at the mill was operating at Brady Lake. We rented for 1 year and bogq bought this house.
23. When I first started to work for hydro it was 6 days a week at 40128. per month
24. We liked the location of this house. We got a truck backed it up to the door and shovelled, shovelled out the dirt and tore out the whole insides and took wallpaper and dirt away. We just didn't know how anyone could have lived in such filth and a building falling over like that. We put a basement under it and remodelled the whole thing. We now have a comfortable home.
30. Bucks, TBS, Powdons Hardware, Woolworths Shaws Drug Store, Irwins Grocery, Tom lacks. If you wanted to buy anthing from Tommie he wouldn't sell it to you. Robinsons GArage Stadleman's Book store
31. Bowling alley, community hall, George Panaritus and John Aimonie Pool room
32. hockey
36. Dr. Dugan and Dr. Dunning
38. cold water
39. I carried a lunch for 47 years
44. always a big dinner at night
47. Church on Sunday - mother made me go to sunday school We could never play cards or do anything on Sunday. It was sacred we just sat around
48. Have a picture of dad when he got married
49. I never lived in a more friendly place you make friends easily and we have good neighbours,
50. The town looks better.
51.. They tore down the Stadleman building, old separate and public schools and St. Patricks old school built new schools. Remodelled old Robinson bolding and made a recreation centre. Remodelled community hall and put modern new street lights in the town
52. ONR long distance, northern Telephone ONR station, gfreight shed tore down. Northern Hydro doffice all moved to New Liskeard. We've lost taxes, with these payrolls leafing town that have forced business to close
53. No, I like Cobalt
55. yes
56. We need more stores to open up. We have the best mining school in the world Why doesn't the government open 2 or 3 mines up. Staff it with experienced miners, mill men, to teach these students actual mining along with the mining courses they are taking in theory only. If mining experiences were taught to these students, it would prevent accidents and give them a better understanding of the facutactual of mining.
That would make roughly to 50 or 60 jobs for local middle aged men. We could have 2 or 3 light Industries to use our own raw materials. I don't like what they are doing to Cobalt Lake. They are taking the one beauty spot of Cobalt away. Why don't they leave the lake alone" Is it Restoration" ruining Cobalt Lake. Its a waste of $54,000. The dust is terrible now
57. Spring and summer
58. . Go to the Boston every day and pool room mostly
59. carpenter work
60. feel that some of the men In relief and welfare should be made work instead of getting relief. Its making lazy men out of some of them. Would like to see more jobs made
61. tourists
62. Winter unorganized sports, ksiing, summer recreation. Unique scenery, rock cuts full of ice. Ragged Chutes air plant (hydraulic) They should have a bus operating from town to Ragged Chutes when the air is blowing off its something and the scenery into the blow off is out of this world.


Carmen Stubinski March 9, 1972
Time: 4 hrs.
1. Beatrice Tresidder ( Mrs. Thomas)
2. Bea
3. Beatrice Richard
4. Apt 1., 89 Nickel St. Cobalt
5. 679-8179

7. Cornwall, England
8. Cornwall
9. England
10. 1920, April
11. Boat to St. John New Brunswick, Train to Montreal, North Bay, then Cobalt. The trains were dirty in those
12. they put us in a wring coach which had wooden seats. There were stoves where you could boil a kettle and make a cup of tea, when you opened the window you got soot in your eye.
13. I came with a bunch of young fellows that were coming here to look for work. there were 5 or 6 of them. I was the only girl. We had to have a guardian to get to Canada as I was only 16. We all had to name a person to get through the customs. When we left the customs we had all named Eph Triblecock who lived in Cobalt. I lived with Mrs. Triblecock when I first came here.
14. miner
15. worked for Dr. Mitchell when I came here
16. died 1965
17. retired
18. The first world war I was in England we were on rations, one night a big woman came to the door. She turned out to be a german male spy. I thought it was pretty nice when I came here
19. There were lots of people on the streets and the station was just packed when we got off the train. Lots of people at Kerr Lake. It was booming lots of mines operating at that time.
20. I came to live with Mrs. Triblecock who was my sister. She was going to start a boarding house, but it fell through
21. all mines
22. lived in was on call anytime 16 hrs. per day as a made I did the washing by hand on a scrub board and boiled the clothes
23. $15 per month
24. Log Cabin on the Coniagas Property divided in 3 little rooms.
25. At my sister's in Kerr Lake. We walked to Kerr Lake and back to Cobalt. Sometimes snow up to our waist. We had turkey something we never had in England, Plum Pudding.
26. Had a pump in the house. It was froze up all winter, we had to carry water from Bob Price’s house
27.Hydro
28. Little wood stove
29. Just with the little cook stove tea in the teapot would freeze at nights sometime. I'd put beans to soak and sometimes the water in the beans was froze solid.
30. All kinds, Lang St. was full of stores on both sides the st. mostly Lang St. Pugsley store on Miller Ave. West Cobalt had a store Mayberry's'
31. 3 stores, sleigh riding with horses, Bijou, Lyric, Grand Tobogganing. Bob Davidson had his own horse and cutter. Our churches had box socials. I had one toboggan ride and that was it.
32.
33.
35. Street cars, trains, street cars went to Kerr Lake, New Liskeard and Haileybury we hopped it most of the time.
36. Dr. Mitchell
37. We had a Cobalt Hospital here then
38. Ontnogging Mich. U.S.A.
39. Stan 16, all 16 except Joe he could have had the education, but wouldn't hake it I had 9 children
40. Started to work before they quit school. They use to deliver on their bicycles. Ivan did too.
41. My husband drilled with a hand drill underground
42.
43.Can of sardines, Bread butter, thermos of tea in Lunch pail
44. Depending on the shift. my husband wood come home to a good cornish pasti.
45. Cotton dress, High black or brown boots.
46. Beaded silk blouse, pleated serge skirt, Pure silk black stockings Nice long brown
fur piece with muff to match, string of beads, a tam always and a fancy hankie.
47. Went to church, afternoon went for a walk. Go to church again at night visit at a friends house after church and have a sing song
48. Pictures, I was marriedin June 1922 silver covered butter dish I had
49. everybody's friendly
50. Home It wouldn't be anywhere else. Its small you can get around even it there are hills
51. Downtown looks better with the old Stadelman block gone. We have a new post office
where Jack Ough's meat market was.
52.
53.
54.
55. yes
56. Id like to see a little more work there are a lot of umemployed young people in town. without jobs even if they have education they can't get jobs. Would like to see a Sr. Citizens home here. Id like to see something that will make more jobs.
57. All seasons, summer best
58. Read, crocheting, go to Church meetings Feed my grandchildren
59. cooking
60. To make more jobs for the young people who want to work, and men that need it. When a person gets to Z5 or 50 once they are laid off at the mine. Its hard to get work I'd like to see mines reopen. if possible. My husband always said theres lots of silver at the Commie that theyve never mined.
61. Tourists
62.. Take them out to Kerr Lake to see the Drummond Cairn. Museum, go to lakes. Most
people think it’s a grand place to live. Rock cuts, are unusual. We used to get our ice out of the rock cut on the Nancy Hill for our ice box all summer.
Tresidder says this is no B.S. its all true.
Later when Mr. Tresidder couldn't work in the mines anymore. He became caretaker of the Bilsky block we lived upstairs with a sky light window. That’s where Ernie was born under the sky light window.
In 1930 Mr. Harrington who was town Clerk at the time use to collect the rents. We all
were still there when Alex Fraser bought the Bilsky block and changed the name to Fraser Hotel: They started a bar in the basement Prohibition was over. We had 5 children then so we moved out. When Prohibition was here they would have to go to Haileybury to get a bottle.
First floor of the hotel was for travelers Second for housekeeping rooms. Mr. Belgriene the jeweler had 2 rooms.
Mr. and Mrs. Napoleon Morrisette had 2 housekeeping rooms. They were newly married then. Mr. Morrisette was a miner later diamond drilling contractors in Haileybury.
Several school teachers had rooms in the second floor. Mrs. Tresidder has a picture with Mrs. A. Fraser owner of hotel in picture Mrs, Irvin, Mamie Reeves, Miss McDevit, Miss English, Miss Francis Cameron, later married Carm Dunigan mining engineer, Miss Kennedy lived there she worked for Dr. Mitchell and Dr. Case, Elsie Ross worked in the new liquor store with Mr. Jim Medcalf, who was manager of the new Liquor store. The first liquor store ever was in the Fraser house where the laundry mat is today. Matton That lived under the bridge in the house with all the flowers on 1 st street worked there two.
Ted White had a garden on top of the Fraser house on the roof.
We left the Fraser house 18 months after Ernie was born.
They had a jacket heater in the basement that had to have coal shovelled in every hour. It was a 24 hr. job on the hour putting the soft coal in the furnace they burnt a tin a day. Later they got pea coal and it was fed with a hopper.
More tenants on second floor. Miss Wheeler who worked for light Power
Evelyn Cane, high School Teacher, Phil Gains sister. Mr. Elliott was public School Principal .:Les MacMillan was school nurse. Fran Donaldson stayed there, Mildred Row was a school teacher. Victor George was in the picture too. Also Eva and Mana Malouin who worked at hotel in 1930. It was an old time party picture.
Thomas came here in 1907. He was at the opening of the New Public School in 1907. Frank and Mamie Smitheram were care takers at the New School. Frank died in 1918 in the flu epidemic. Later the Munro's took over as janitors and lived upstairs.
My husband was sick for 25 yrs. So I had to raise 9 children on $50. per month and 11 to feed. Things were a lot cheaper for quite a few years.
When he worked he got $3.75 per day. We could get a roast of beef for $1.00 then, that we pay $5.00 for now.
I used to use 100 lbs of flour a month made my own bread. Made everything.
Got a big soup bone on saturday and made a big pot of soup with barley mix. That pot of soup did the whole week end. There was a lot of meat on a soup bone then.
I'd cook a big pot of beans with salt pork. They'd eat the beans with syrup some with ketchup etc.
They never went hungry even if they watched me given their porridge to the cat that they wouldn't eat.
I would to wash their clothes on Saturday so they'd have clean clothes for Sunday. They were always clean.
We had to watch our penny's lots time there wasn't any money for a stamp.
We were on relief before I got mothers allowance $50. When Stan started to work on week ends. They cut my Allowance cheque $5.00 Can't remember the amount of the relief voucher. They gave an extra voucher if the children needed clothes.





Joanna Stubinski February 21,1972.
4. - 5 p.m.
1. Mrs. Colleen Legault
2.
3. Colleen Shaver
4.. 3S Baker St.,
5. S159
6. 31
7. 194.0
8. Haileybury
9. North Cobalt
10. 1961
11. by car.
12. Hv.JY. lIB
13. 4.
14. Mi.ne
15. married too young, at 14., never worked
16. unemployed miner
17. Homemaker
IS. found the people friendly
19. There was more work here then than there is now
20. To make my home.
21. the mines were working.
22.
23.
24.. Had a nice home
25. Good X-mas, quiet
26. Had it in the house
27. Hydro
2S. Electric
29. oil furnace
30. T.B.S. Buckovetsky's, Dominion Store, nearly every variety
31. ShOltIS
32. Baseball, basketball, skating
33. North Cobalt
3LI-. 8 years.
35. Bus, cars, trains, taxis
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Good
38. Haileybury
39. Still at school
40.
41.
42.
h3. Good food
44. Plenty of food
45. Slacks
46. Best clothes
47. Sunday school and visiting
48. Grandmothers wedding ring, my mother!s guitar
49. I like Cobalt
50. I like the people.
51. Recreation centre, new parks and the way they cleaned them up.
52. The mines closing and the work situation
53. No.
54. Yes
55.
56. See the mines open up some industry come in - a good steady pay
roll.
57. Summer
58. Swimming, fishing, broomball, skating, driving around.
59. Knitting, read, paint sometimes.
60. Definitely reopen the mines.
61. The people that are here right now are contemplating on moving
away to get work to try and maintain their homes.
62. Miner's festival, good beaches, historic sites, fishing, boating,
museum and the best hospitality in the north.
HIGHLIGHTS:
There aren't any highlights in Colleen!s interview, only the fact
that she is very worried about the unemployment situation, as they
just built a new home and her husband is out of work




Carmen Stubinski
Interview
April 26, 1972
1 1/2 hrs.
1.
2.
Alexandre Robert Herbert
Bob Given by George Herbert
Lived on Galena Street Cobalt
Was born in 19l4
Left school at 18 yrs. old went to Haileybury Public School and Haileybury school of mines
for 4 yrs. and The royal Military School in Kingston.
After completing school went into the Fuel business in Cobalt with his dad.
In 1931 he married Fiami Macki from the Nipissing property. They had 4 children.
He joined the Algonquin Army in Haileybury N.P.A.M. at the age of 14 in 1928. July 1940
enlisted into active service. Served about 5 yrs. in England, France, Belgium, Holland and
Germany returning to Canada in 1945.
His most distinguished experience with the First Battalion of the Algonquin Regiment came
Sept 1944. When he let his platoon in a 12 hour battle to the historic battle of the
Leopold Canad , He entered the political field in 1951 when he was elected member of the legislature
Assembly of Ontario for Temiskaming and was serving his 3rd consecutive term when death claimed him.
He was associated with numerous milestones on Temiskaming History and development. He
worked on behalf of the tenants on Mastermet mines Negotiations with the company over land
dispute.
He served three yrs as a town councillor in Cobalt, for a period of time on the school
board. and was defeated in a hotly contested race for mayor in 1948 th3 vote was Bordon
Warren 321, Bob Herbert 320 after a recount the votes read Gordon Warren 332 Bob Herbert
330 he lost by 2 votes.
He was running for member of the Progressive Conservatives when they had it irregularities
of the ballot box in North Cobalt, taken from poll to houses for individual to vote.
In 1955 he was named vice chairman of the O.N.R. Commission. Bob travelled before and after
the war yrs. for A.L.Herbert Fuels estab1ished in 1907 by his father Lorne Herbert in Cobalt.
Bob who received the decoration E. D. in the army was also active in as a member A. F. A. N.
Lodge Cobalt, a member of the Royal Canadian Legion Branch 44 Cobalt. At the time of his
death he held the rank of major in the Army. His wife Tiami survived him one yr. .and A half died at the age of 48, Bob was 46 died May 1960. Bob was mi~jed by all. He took a very active part in Cobalt and they people and was liked by all.

Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinsky
Interview: March 29.
2 1/2 hrs
1. Simpson Hetherington
2.
3.
4. 28 Commission
5. 679-5786
6. 74 end of April
7. Hull
8. Ardley, Father Hull Mother
9. Ottawa Valley
10. Came to Cobalt married in 1948 but came with parents to Hanbury on a farm in 1905
11. Went to Hanbury by train, and to Cobalt by Truck and car.
12. Highway 11
13. Parents both came to 0bbalt as 2 children were in the Armed forces
14. Hydro and Farmer
15. taught school in Dymond Twship, when came to Cobalt supplied and then taught from 1951
to 1961.
16. retired
17. retired
18. much like it is today except a little busier, more mines working
19. mines operating more employment, Cobalt was picking up. Hydro had just taken over in
1946.
Simpson went north of New Liskeard in 1905 he was only 7
yrs. old. Dad and brother came up by boat from Mattawa and he came with mother by train in 1905.
They located a farm 160 acres, paid so much an acre then had to do so much work, then got
the deed again they had to pay, it didn't amount to much. Simpson's wife came from Eganville to work at Concession No. 4 Diamond township. taught two yrs. then married sjmpson. lived on the farm the father gave them 80 acres. They farmed
until 1945. then started with the Hydro and was sent to Fountain Falls, On the farm they used coal oil lamps, cooked on a wood range and heated with a Quebec heater used wood. They worked daylight till dark. Had some cows, pigs, chickens ana sheep, never
had sheep until Simpson's brother gave their two children each a lamb to raise, the first thing they knew they had a flock of sheep, but soon got rid of them as they were dirty. They would bring their meat and eggs into New Liskeard to sell to the stores, New Liskeard
was very small. It was just a wagon trail to New Liskeard because it was so muddy in the summer, they would walk 7 miles with 1001b. bag of flour on his back. They could buy food, They carried this home with a tump line, a long strap for carrying things. Transportation was a Stone boat horse and buggy, it was much easier getting to town in the winter as roads were better. When they came  When they came in 1905 lived in a log shack. one floor, then after married had a good home. 2 storey, Clabboard and painted.
25. Out on the farm, xmas was like any other day, because of the daily chores, but did have
a lot of visitors.
30. 1946, grocery stores, Buck's, T.B.S., Woolworth's, a very good grocery store where Red's
used to be.
31. Made you own, square dances, twice a week, at the Hanbury Hall and from house to house.
32. Had a ball team and football sleigh ride partie.
33.  Hanbury
34. very little
35. on the farm had a Model T. touring car no windows used canvas curtains. Same as today
36. Dr. McNaughton
37. Lady minto, Blue Cross Hospital
38. In hanbury both mothers and the doctor
39. Margaret 19, 2 yrs ••in Air Force in Newfoundland and Halifax as a plotter.
      Morley, joined the army after high school
40. Margaret, Librarian in school in Kingston
Morley, Head of History Dept, at an Ottawa High School
41.
42. only during reunions
43.
44.
45.overalls and work clothes
46. sometimes dressed up depended on the work
47. went to church worked then visiting
48. everything lost in the 1922 fire, laid under damp blankets people congregated in one
area
49. like tt very much
50. because of friendliness
51. own has more paint on, old buildings town down.
52.not enough stores, especially a drug store
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. Like to see more industry
57.summer
58.T.V. and radio
59. Looking after flowers and carpenter work, wife does knitting and needlework
60. Gov't step in
61 Tourists
62. Tours, rocks, scenery, Museum.

HIGHLIGHTS

THE HETHERINGTON'S ARE VERY CONTENT IN THEIR LOVELY
HOME. SIMPSON DOES NOT MISS THE FARM AND ENJOYS
COBALT. THEY DO A LOT OF TRAVELLING IN THE WINTER
TIME VISITING THE CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN. BUT
OTHERWISE LOVE JUST STAYING AT HOME.



Name of Interviewer: Bulla Lathem
Interview Date of Interview: March 2, 1972
Interview: 50 min

1. Flora Hewitt
2.
Toots
3. Flora Taylor
4. Cobalt, Street
5. 672-5571
6. 58 yrs ,
7. Harley Township
8. Mother, Toronto, Father Carlton Place
9. Carlton Place Onto
10" 1949
11. Car and truck
12. Highway 11b
13. six
14. We took over service station on King st. where the B.P. Station is now at that time
it was Esso and my husband was a mechanic
15.
16.
17. housewife
18. Small village
19. Not near as many houses as there are now
20. We came here to take over service station as my husband could find no work in New
Liskeard then we were not here anymore than a month or two when he got driving a
grader for Dept of Highways this left me to run station in the day time
21.
22. 8 to 5
23.
24.Bungalow with 5 rooms and the front part we had a small store
25.Busy at Service Station
26. Well outside the door electricity
27. electricity
28. a wood stove and I still do
29. he cook stove heated the house with a space heater
30. Post office, Post Master C. Courtemache Brazeau Bordeleau. Mrs. Hillmens had a
Confectionery store in one of the old street cars used here on street car line on one
corner of the intersection on Lakeview and King Street. Martin Willard had a gas
station on King street. MacPhersons had a store and riding stable, William Vinkle had
a blacksmith shop on Cross Lake Road, Mrs. M. Crooks grocery, Willis Lathem had the ice
Cream business.
31. Dances at Orange Hall, house parties and we used to go to Proctor's down at the lake for
wiener roasts and bring our music with us my husband played violin so we would dance
down there on a flat rock.
32. Baseball
33. Harley No 4
34. bus train car
35.
36. Dr. Lyons
37. Misericordia Hospital
38. New Liskeard
39. 17 yrs.
40. Cobalt, Hill Clark, Walter Stewart, Campsells restaurant
41.
42.
43. We grew our own vegetables and raised our own meat
44.
45. House dress or one you had used for a good then you wore it out
46. With the best we had  as you did not have to many in those days
47. Sewing gas and going to church in the evening
48. A beret for your hair of my mothers and my Husband's violin, a general electric radio
made in 1936 oil lamps and lantern and a railroad watch of my husbands father
49. close to transportation
50.
51. money
52.
53. yes
54. Price of frontage water and sewers
55. yes
56. better snow removal and better roads
57. summer
58. bingo and cards, T.V. and radio
59.
60. factories
61. retired folk
62. fishing, hunting nice park you can set up a tent and enjoy yourself hiking and nice fresh air not to badly polluted.


Lucy Damiani April 17,1972
 Interview time: 1 hour

 A Cobalt Pioneer - Through courtesy of Denis Houghton
Eddy Houghton and his sister Polly arrived in Cobalt in August 1912 from
their home in Wigan England. At that time the Nipissing Mining Company was
washing the loose overburden off the hills across from the station and the
noise of the hydraulic hoses added to the busy confusion of a rapid
growing mining town. The buildings were all wooden frame and spectacular
fires were quite frequent. A fire the day before he arrived had leveled'
the old Herbert Block and teams of horses were attempting to pull the heavy
steel safe out of the wreckage.
Police Chief Burke directed the two newcomers down Argentite Street to
catch the street car for North Cobalt, A small log cabin was the first
home, then in 1914 when their parents from England arrived a new home in
North Cobalt was obtained. They lived here from 1914 until the Haileybury
fire in 1922. Polly's husband Tom Pinder was already working in the Cobalt
Mines when they arrived. Later on they moved to Kirkland Lake and were well
known residents for many years. Eddy worked for a few months in the machine
show at the Nipissing and then with his training as a pattern maker obtained
_employment at the Foundry in Cobalt, operated by O'Brien Mines. Joe Evans
was the Foundry superintendent at that time and the local mines provided
plenty of work for the Foundry. In 1938 as the Cobalt Mining Activity was
diminishing Art Moss, Pete Leigh and Eddy bought the Foundry business from
O'Brien mines. With other mining areas starting up the Foundry business was
very good. Then in 1966 Canada Iron Foundry purchased the Wabi Iron
Works in New Liskeard and the Cobalt Foundry. Soon after that Eddy retired
from the business, After the Haileybury fire in 1922 Eddy bought a house
on the Nipissing Property and has lived there ever since. He has seen
many changes over the years, but still considers Cobalt the best old town.
Mr. Houghton Eddy is one of our pioneers and raised his family here, a son
Denis who is still connected with the Cobalt Foundry lives in Haileybury
although he has not taken an active part in service clubs or organizations
he is a constant donor. This is one enterprise that made money in Cobalt
and stayed in Cobalt.
----
Eddy Houghton Lucy Damiani
April 17,1972
Omitted from interview
-----------------------
In 1963 the Cobalt Foundary made a Memorial Plaque for Legion Branch
44 of Cobalt to be used for their cenotaph situated in a small park across from Imperial Bank.
This is a Memorial Park dedicated to the soldiers of Cobalt who gave their lives
for their country. This Plaque was designed by George L. Cassidy retired school principal
and the wood pattern was constructed by Jim Henderson a pattern maker, employed at Cobalt Foundary.
It was constructed in three pieces and bolted together a wreath of leaves on either side
and torch of everlasting light in the middle. Once the pattern was made up it was sent to
Rhan Metals in North Bay and finished in a bronze casting. This is now on the cenotaph for which local
Branch 44 of Canadian Legion is responsible.


Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski
Interview: Feb 25, 1972   Length of interview 1 1/2 hours
1. Eileen Hunt (Mrs. John)
2. Lenie
3. Eillen Armstrong
4. 60Nickel St. Cobalt, Ontario
5. 679-5588
6. 48
7. Cobalt
Date of Interview: Feb. 25
Length of Interview: 1 1/2 hrs.
8. Dad-Nippissing, Mother-Powassan
9. Powassan
10. 1923
11.
12.
13. 7
14. Newspaper reporter
15. Clerk
16. Photographer, Reporter
17. owns gift center prop.
18.
19.
20.
21. Mining and mill work
22. 10 to 12 hrs.
23. $14.00 per wk.
24. One Story frame building 6 rooms
25.
26. in house
27. Hydro
28. wood stove
29. Quebec heater
30. Food clothing stores, Jeweler, Bellsham optomerists, Butch Shop
31. Classic theatre, visiting entertainers, House party, always open house for kids
32. Skate, ski, snow shoe, tobogganing, sliding on the Cobalt streets
33. Public and High School
34. 10
35. Street cars. few motor cars, trains, horses
36. Dr. Schmidt.
37. Cobalt Mines hospital at the time considered the thing, Later Cobalt Municipal Hospital.
38. Haileybury Hospital
39. Going to school
40.
41.
42.
43.
44. My dad was a prospector
45. pleated skirt, always home knit sweater
46. best on Sunday
47. church, summer picnic, winter sports
48. Photographs, school books, mostly memories
49. Atmosphere that prevails in Cobalt and the people
50. People adjust to Cobalt readily, neighbourly, the friendly atmosphere that
prevails in places of business in Cobalt
51. Good recreation programme brought to light new subdivision, better housing
people want the better things now in Cobalt
52.
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. Several small light industries that would employ teenagers in summer months
to allow students to help educate themselves, rather than borrow money. Mothers
wives or those in need of employment for financial reasons. or anyone wishing
to be employed_ To create jobs for 175 or 200 people. There is a sizable
pool of reliable labour willing to work.
57.  4 seasons
58. self entertainment play chess, house games, sociable drinking, sight seeing
59. Church group, municipal group
60. Increase in the price of silver development of a manufacturing industry which
will utilize the level production of silver, so that the local producers are
not dependent up a fluctuation market price. But will realize the maximum
wholesale or retail price for the processed silver.
The development of a tourist industry. which will provide summer employment
and also spur the development of light secondary industry. Manufacturing
products for sale to the tourists.
61. The average person touring the North
62. Everything, fishing, mine tour, Haven for artists, unique little Community
All the attractions they expect in Northern Ontario. Lakes good beaches
Surrounding unusual mining area.

Mrs. Hunt was born and raised in Cobalt gave her time to serve on the Recreation
Committee, very active in the Anglican Church work.
She is also in business down town and. understands the problem of the people.
I am sure she would help in anyway possible to aid the restoration programme if
asked.


Carmen Stubinski Name of Interviewer:

Interview: Date Feb. 22, 1972    Length of Interview  1 1/2 hrs

1. Charles Hutt
2. Charlie
3.
4. 64 Cobalt Street, Cobalt
5. 679-8230
6. 60
7. Halifax
8. Nova Scotia
9. Nova Scotia
10. 1917, 11 sleigh and horses to Elk Lake, by
12. train to Cobalt
13. 6
14. miner
15.
16. merchant
17.
18. I was in the navy I was only 6 when  II arrived
19. Boom town, 20 death of my father
21. Mining
22.
23.
24. Duplex apartment house
25. excited as hell
26  in the house, taps
27.electric
28. Wood stove
29.Quebec heater
30.All kinds
31. Theatres, Bootleggers
32.hockey, ball, running, We had Y.M.C.A.--then and a swimming pool
33.Public and High School
34.11 years
35. Banks more, street cars
36. Dr. G. Taylor
37.Cobalt mines hospital
38.
39.
40.
41. small and rich with silver
42. Hand steeling
43. Beefsteak stews, molasses and Beans
44. Supper
45. miners clocls all day
46. suit if you owned one
47. play baIl or hockey
48. no
49. sociability
50. because I like them
51. Parks, cement sidewalks, paved roads, good water, new electric street lights. The quietness of the town
52.
53. drop in population
54. Working conditions, unemployment
55. yes
56. Would like to see some mines working and a better line of prosperity
57. Summer, weather open water
58. Photography, coin collecting and collecting junk
59
60. Restoration, tourism, more mining principally small mfg. plant and mining Cobalt proper
61. Bay Street, mine promotion, Mining Cobalt proper with the raise in silver. Exploration mines of large tonage
62. Beautiful scenery and landscape. Large open cuts of previous old mines. Good fishing, lots of waterways, Sociability. The area in general covering 100 square miles or more. Cobalt mining. New Liskeard Clay belt. 12 mines North Gowganda mining, fishing, timber, Matachewan mining. Quebec side 5 miles away farming, tourism, Matabitchewan power supply, Montreal River power supply. The only
operating Hydrolic air supply in the world from the Montreal River 8miles from the Cobalt Camp.

Mr. Hutt is a town Councillor, and operates a Men's Wear store in Cobalt. He is
Also a bachelor. Every winter takes a trip to the sunny south.









Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski
Interview:
Date of Interview: Feb. 25
Length of Interview: 1 1/2 hrs.

1. Eileen Hunt (I1rs. John)
2. Lenie
3. Eileen Armstrong
4. 60Nickel St. Cobalt, Ontario
5. 679-5588
6. 48
7. Cobalt
Date of Interview: Feb. 25
Length of Interview: 1 1/2 hrs.
8. Dad-Nippissing, Mother-Powasson
9. Powasson
10. 1923
11.
12.
13. 7
14. Newspaper reporter
15. Clerk
16. Photographer, Reporter
17. owns gift center prop.
18.
19.
20.
21. Mining and mill work
22. 10 to 12 hrs.
23. $14.00 per wk.
24. One Story frame building 6 rooms
25.
26. in house
27.  Hydro
28. wood stove
29. Quebec heater
30. Food clothing stores, Jeweler, Bellsham optomerists, Butch Shop
31. Classic theatre, visiting entertainers, House party, always open house for kids
32
. Skate, ski, snow shoe, tobogganing, sliding on the Cobalt streets
33. Public and High School
34. 10
35.
Street cars, few motor cars trains horses
36. Dr. Schmidt
37. Cobalt Mines hospital at the time considered the thing, Later Cobalt Municipal
Hospital.
38.
Haileybury Hospital
39. going to school
40.
41.
42
43.
44.
My dad was a prospector
45. pleated skirt, always home knit sweater
46.  best on Sunday
47. church, summer picnic, winter sports
48. Photographs, school books, mostly memories
49. Atmosphere that prevails in Cobalt and the people
50. People adjust to Cobalt readily, neighbourly, the friendly atmosphere that
prevails in places of business in Cobalt

51. Good recreation program brought to light new subdivision, better housing
people want the better things now in Cobalt
52.
53. no
54.
55. yes
56. Several small light industries that would employ teenagers in summer months
to allow students to help educate themselves, rather than borrow money. Mothers
wives or those in need of employment for financial reasons. or anyone wishing
to be employed. To create jobs for 175 or 200 people. There is a sizable
pool of reliable labour willing to work.
57. 4 seasons
58. self entertainment play chess, house games, sociable drinking, sight seeing
59. Church group, municipal group
60. Increase in the price of silver development of a manufacturing industry which
will utilize the level production of silver, so that the local producers are
not dependent up a fluctuation market price. But will realize the maximum
wholesale or retail price for the processed silver.
The development of a tourist industry. which will provide summer employment
and also spur the development of light secondary industry. Manufacturing
products for sale to the tourists.
61. The average person touring the North
62. Everything, fishing, mine tour, Haven for artists, unique little Community
All the attractions they expect in Northern Ontario. Lakes good beaches , surrounding unusual mining area.

Mrs. Hunt was born and raised in Cobalt gave her time to serve on the Recreation
Committee, very active in the Anglican Church work. She is also in business down town and understands the problem of the people.
I am sure she would help in anyway possible to aid the restoration program if asked.


 Name of Interviewer:
  Carmen Stubinski
Date of Interview: Feb 22, 1972
Length of Interview:
1 1/2 hrs


1. Charles Hutt
2. Charlie
3.
4. 64 Cobalt Street, Cobalt
5. 679-8230
6. 60
7. Halifax
8. Nova Scotia
9. Nova Scotia
10. 1917, 11 sleigh and horses to Elk Lake, by
12. train to Cobalt
13. 6
14. miner
15.
16. merchant
17.
18. I was in the navy.    I was only 6 when we arrived
19. Boom town,
death of my father
20.
21. Mining
22.
23.
24. Duplex apartment house
25. excited as hell
26. in the house, taps
27. electric
28. Wood stove
29. Quebec heater
30. All kinds
31. Theatres, Bootleggers
32. hockey, ball, running, We had Y.M.C.A. then and a swimming pool
33. Public and High School
34. 11 years
35. Banks more, street cars
36. Dr. G. Taylor
37 Cobalt mines hospital
38.
39.
40.
4l.
small and rich with silver
42. Hand steeling
43. Beefsteak stews, molasses and Beans
44.
Supper
45. miners clocls all day
46. suit if you owned one
47.play baIl or hockey
48. no
49. sociability
50.
because I like them
51. Parks, cement sidewalks, paved roads, good water, new electric street lights The quietness of the town
52.
53. drop in population
54. Working conditions, unemployment
55. yes
56. Would like to see some mines working and a better line of prosperity
57. Summer weather open water
58. Photography, coin collecting and collecting junk
60. Restoration, tourism, more mining principally small mfg. plant and mining Cobalt
proper

61. Bay Street, mine promotion, Mining Cobalt proper with the raise in silver.
Exploration mines of large tonnage
62. Beautiful scenery and landscape. Large open cuts of previous old mines. Good
fishing, lots of waterways, Sociability. The area in general covering 100 square
miles or more. Cobalt mining. New Liskeard Clay belt. 12 mines North Gowganda
mining, fishing, timber,M
atachewan mining. Quebec side,  5 miles away farming,
tourism, Matabitchewan power supply, Montreal River power supply. The only
operating Hydrolic air supply in the world from the Montreal River 8 miles from
the Cobalt Camp.
Mr. Hutt is a town Councillor, and operates a Men's Wear store in Cobalt. He is
Also a bachelor. Every winter takes a trip to the sunny south.



-
Simone Bedard      May 31,1972
2 1/2 hrs
1. Royal Jean Louis
2. Roy
4. 80 Nickle st.
5. 679-8363
6. 57 years old
7. I was born in North Cobalt
8. My parents were born in St. Eugene de Presseault, Ont.
9. My parents arrived in North Cobalt around 1906. My grandfather , Jean Louis came here around the same time and he had a shoe makers store in Haileybury. They came here by train. When my parents came to North Cobalt they did not have any children, but
later they had 6 children. My father was a shoe maker and he also repaired horse harnesses.
My father's friend, who later became his brother-in-law was a plumber
in the construction of the North Cobalt College and he had sent for my father to come here to work as a plumber's helper.
When my dad came here it was mostly mining. My dad worked from sunrise to sunset, he was working as a plumbers helper
during the day and at his shoe makers shop at night. He might hace made about $ 2.50 a day.
When we were small we'd hang our stockings and we'd get candies, presents were scarce , moliqe a sled and a pair of mitts. We had lots to eat and celebrated
from Christmas until little Christmas visiting back and forth with friends and
relatives.
We had a well for our water supply and we had electricity.
Mr. Dagenais had a general store, there was a pool room and there also
was a bakery, those are the ones that I can remember but there were a lot more.
Our first child was born in Cobalt. Denis went to the University of Ottawa
and worked in Montreal.
Pauline had her primary schooling in Ste. Therese school in Cobalt, then
she went to Ste. Mary's Academy and went to the Teachers College in Sudbury. Her
first teaching job was the kindergarten class at Ste. Therese school since then
she's been teaching in different places in Ontario.
Michael went to grade 10 and worked in the lab for Glen Lake lfines.
Claude took a technical course in New Liskeard and his first job was a packer for Tresidder Brothers-Red & White in Cobalt.
When I was a little boy I wore a white blouse and pants to the knees and buttoned boots on Sundays.
In the summer we'd go on picnics on Sundays and we'd take long rides with
the team of horses hitched on a two seat wagon. The men would play horse shoes,
while the women would get the meal ready. I'm a born Northern, I went away a few times and I always came back to
Cobalt.



CarmenStubinski          April 14,1972  2 1/2 hrs.
1.Charlie Johnson
2. Buddie
4. 11 Jamieson St. Cobalt
5. 679-5673
6. 1900 - 72 yrs old
7. a place called Mississippi, 60 miles from Kingston
8. Mother- Carleton Place, Father Nairen Centre
9. Ompa,Ont
10. 1906 we came to Haileybury
11. by train
13. there were 6 of us
14. miner, mill mant ran the motors did pipe fitting
15. Clerked in Abe Campbells Coal & Wood yard
16. Retired
17. Retired
18. Thought it was great. There was so much doing. All the mines were working
Lots of people. It was really booming. We lived in Haileybury first, then moved to Firstbrook.
19. Pretty good. Cobalt was booming. There was lots of work.
20. Dad came to Haileybury because he heard there was all kinds of work here
and it was booming. He was a contractor. He built basements, trucked gravel, bricks, lumber. Haileybury was small then. The
town had just started 21. I started to work at the McKinley Darragh when I was 17 years old. If you didn't want to stay at a job you could walk to any mine with a lunch pail ana they would hire you right away. it was no trouble getting a job as all kinds of jobs were available. In mining & logging. My dad was a contracting jobber for Charlie Price and Ass. Salmon.
22. I worked at Charlie Price's at Moose Lake hauling lumber to West Cobalt to Price's lumber yard win West Cobalt. it was 10 hours per day, daylight till dark. Got $2.50 per day plus room and board
23. We had no water in the house. We had a well outside.
24. We lived in a frame house in Haileybury till dad built us a house in Lawler Town (South end of Haileybury)
27. We had coal oil lamps and lanterns
28.  Wood stove. It was a big range with a high back on it. There was a large reindeer on the back of the stove. I'll never forget that reindeer.
29. Square box stove. We burnt wood in both stoves
30. Taylor Pipe, Morin Frere, Chas. Reckin Wholesaler,Fred Sullivan
31. Mostly square dances, there v,reredances everywhere. They had 4 shows, one
was the Orphium on Swamp Street.
32. I loved horse racing. We had one of the best race horses in Haileybury.
He was named Black Bill. He won lots of prizes
33. Moose Lake S.S. No. 2 First Brook and Haileybury.Always walked to school.
It was near Simon's
35. Horse and buggy or sleigh
36. Dr. Jackson. Remember when he made house calls in his horse and buggy
37. In Haileybury
38. We owned this same lot in 1924. It was 30 Commission Street then where
our house was. we had 3 children in that house. Later We tore it down
and built this house we had two of our children in this house.
40. All got jobs locally. Susan was the only one that went through school.
She went to North Bay and took a hair dressing course. She could not
get work when she finished. She went to North Bay and got a job.
41.  There was lots of ore, silver, Cobalt, Nickelite. We used carbine lamps
then underground. Hard hats were never heard of. We wore our felt hats
on caps or go bare headed. I always went bare headed at the McKinley
Darragh. The mines were very much the same as they are today. We had
cages to go underground unless they were sinking a shaft wetd go down in
a bucket. it was around $1.50 per day ct the McKinley Darragh when I
started. Then it was around $4. per day
42. Hand drilling contests at West Cobalt. Ball Park. Lottie McKinnon and
Bill Ross were the best hand drillers, they were real good drillers and
pretty hard to beat
43. We carried a lunch pail pork & egg sandwiches and lots of them. I could
eat enough sandwich for 4 men. I was always hungry and could eat all the
time. We had a round blue enamel lunch pail that would hold a gallon
with a lid on top and a handle. We put the sandwiches in the bottom and
a separate container for tea on top of the sandwiches. We could never keep
the tea warm. The lunch pail was very heavy.
44. Meat, potatoes, carrots, turnips, main kmeal was always lots of meat and
 potatoes. We always had pie. Mother baked all her own bread, cakes and
pies and made donuts. She preserved lots of fruit that did all winter,
blueberries, wild raspberries and strawberries. She made all kinds of
pickles as we had a very large garden. We raised our own chickens, pigs, had 10 or 12 heads of cattle which
meant  our winters meat. My mother made all her own butter, we had lots of milk. She washed all the clothes
by  hand on a wash board. We had 4 working horses and 2 drivers.
45. Work shirts and overhauls
46. We would dress up on Saturday & Sundays with a whiteshirt and tie,
clean pants and good shoes.
47. Go from neighbour to neighbour and visit where ever we visited we
would always end up for supper.
48. Pictures of Moose Lake, Rock samples, family pictures
49. I like to live here.
50. Its not expensive living here compared to other places.
51. I like the way they have fixed up the town this last few years. The people have done a lot in repairing their homes and tearing down old
shacks.
52. They have taken too many businesses out of town. Freight shed, ONR long
distance telephone, Northern Telephone, Hydro office. They moved a lot of pay rolls out of Cobalt.
53. No. I like Cobalt always did
55. Yes would like to see something happen
56. I would like to see something come into Cobalt. They could manufacture something here the same as other places. They could manufacture fertilizer for sale. Peat moss there is lots of it in this area. More industry would make more work. viould like to see the refinery open again
57. midsummer till fall
58.watch TV
59. gardening grow flowers, love my garden
60. Don't think its good. Instead of getting better its getting worse.
The reason this is they are closing down all the small mine properties
that could still be operating
61. The people that would come in and will come in are the Americans. They
buy every piece of ground on lakes and rivers, that they can get their
hands on. They are all tourists. Mostly all the properties on Lady Evelyn Lake were and are
being bought by the Americans.
62. Beverage rooms. Take them around to visit the old mine shafts, rock cuts,
across the lake. Good sight seeing and scenery. The hospitality and the
freedom of Cobalt.


Carmen Stubinski April 15,1972      3 hours

1. Jessie Johnson (Mrs. Charlie)
3. Jessie Bowers
4. 11 Jamieson St., Cobalt
5. 679-5673
6. 66
yrs. old
7. Thompsonville,Ont.
8. Mother, Mone Township, Dufferin County. Born 1874 she is 98 yrs. old.
The oldest living woman in Cobalt today
9. Thompsonville
10. Dad came ahead of us .in 1907 to New Liskeard Mother Leslie and I
came later the same year. From New Liskeard we moved out to First Brook
township. I was a year old when we moved here.
13. there were 4 of us.
14. miner, millman
15. clerk
16. retired
17. retired
18. When we used to come to town from First Brook. Soon as we hit the mining
corp. property. The noise from the mill. The overhead ore cars above the
road would scare our horse. He'd always rear stand up on his two hind legs
rearing and wouldn't move. It took my dad a lot of coaxing to get the
horse moving. I'd be so scared. I can remember waiting at the station
with my mother one day for we were catching the train to Toronto~ I can
remember a big house boat on Cobalt Lake.
19. Built up, real busy lots of horses and drays delivering the express.
There was an overhead wooden bridge from the Public School across Grand
view to the mines hospital.
20. My dad used to do job logging when we homesteaded in First Brook. He
came into Cobalt for a while and mined. He didn't like mining. So he
went into the wood business. He cut down the timber sawed it into
16" and 4 foot lengths,  brought it into town sold it at Pine 16" $1.50 per cord. Tamarac and birch @ $1.75 or $2.00 per cord
21. logging, lumbering and mining
24. One room log cabin, 10 miles west of Cobalt in First Brook
26. Mother carried water  1/2 mile from a spring. It was very good drinking water. She melted snow on the stove in the winter and had a rain barrel outside to catch rain in summer.
27. coal oil lamps and lanterns
28. wood cook stove the cook heated the whole house
29.
30.Taylor Pipe,  Fred Brewer had 
grocery store on Cobalt St beside the Public School School, Chas Rekin, Lowery's Wholesale,
 Pete McKewens  grocery  We use to go to the back wood road to New Liskeard to shop sometimes. I can't remember the stores there
they were poor to what Cobalt had in line of stores.  We'd walk and  part way on roads and they were bad.
31. Riding around horse and buggy, visiting the neighbours walking. I danced when I was 7 years old with my dad. We always had
 fiddle, and we square dance. The whole family  went when they had a dance.It was only twice a year.
32. In summer our pleasure was picking blueberries. We had to pick the wild raspberries and strawberries to preserve. We used to come to town with our blueberries and sell them to get money to go to the show or roller skate. We got l5¢ per quart for the blueberries. We
 had lots of roller skating those days at the rink on Miller Ave.

We didn't have a school when I started school. My first school was in First
Brook at Salmon's Mill. Mrs. Salmon taught us in her parlour at home along
with here own children. Then they built a school in First Brook S.S No.2
Mrs. Salmon was the first teacher there. Charlotte and Annie Seed went there
too Annie later became Mrs. Albert Groom. After that we moved to the Silver
Queen property and I went to the West Cobalt school I'd walk a mile in the
bush alone till we'd meet up with the Salmon kids. Then we'd walk the last mile together. I carried a
5 lb. lard pail for a lunch pail We'd see the deer. Moose and bears in the meadow. One day this animal was following me.
It went from one side of the road and the ditch to the other. I chased it and whomp
ed it with my  5 lb. lunch pail
it lay still I ran all the way home Momma came back with me to see what it was. It was a ground hog dead, by the
way I hit it. I was only 8 yrs. old and not scared of the bush. I got my final education in Cobalt. I never got to Haileybury High School with the
rest of the kids. I'd get sick every time I'd ride on the street car. We had no high school in Cobalt then. That's why Cobalt High School should stay on account of my own experiences.
35.
36.
For driving, horse and buggy, wagons and teams of horses for heavy duty work
Dr. McNaughton in New Liskeard. One time Leslie was so sick. My dad
walked 10 miles to New Liskeard to get medicine for him.
37. I remember the miners hospital well
38  Commission st. on this same lot as this house iso She'll be 48 in the fall
Mother was a midwife. She brought my first 3 children in the world.
40. Jobs in town at the Minerva Grill. Roy worked in the cookery at the mine
Ray was in the second world war. He was  in the army and was in Germany one year.
42. We used to walk to the West Cobalt Ball park to watch the Labour Day
celebrations. I remember the hand drilling contests the men had and the hand
steel contests. They used to have 3 ring circuses there too. I remember one
1st of July celebration they built a large platform for square dancing. Can
still see Casey Cobalt step dancing on that platform I used to call him
Mr. Shaw and he liked me anyone calling him Casey he'd get real mad. I
knew Dick the Nigger. He was in partners in the four Nation Mining Co. with
Abe Campbell and I worked for Abe Campbell
43. Lunch pail
44. I know more about jokers in the bush. It was home made bread, butter,
long clear salted pork. Maybe ginger cookies. That was all they took.
in the bush as there was no canned food then. Momma cooked for all the men a
as they went from camp  to camp. Supper they have roast beef, home made soup.
Dad always bought  beef by the side from the farmers, We'd have lots of it.
There'd be cutters, skidders. They'd hook 2 or 3 logs together, and haul it
down the trail to the skid way. Then haul them to the river in the winter. In
the spring they'd dump them in the river and drive them down the water. The
river drivers were dangerous the men would jump on the logs and get them
moving with their feet.
45. cotton dresses, pinafores, middies jumpers
46. Dressed in our best gingham with a strap across the front on week days
wore high laced black boots
48. I have old lockets an old trunk, one pair high top brown laced Palmer
boots. I have had over 45 yrs. I have this picture of our first home, one
room by cabin. Mother dad Leslie and I. It was a deserted prospector cabin.
I have a tin type picture, several other things
49. I've always lived here and raised my family here. Every time I go downtown
and every second person I meet I know
51. New lights. Like the new store, the falling down old buildings have been torn
down New motel and tavern
52. I don't like them ruining the lake taking all the water out of it, it looks
like a sump. If they want to restore Cobalt why do away with the one beauty
spot nature has provided. It was beautiful I don't like the streets being in
such a bad shape and I don't like the payrolls leaving town
55. yes
56. There should be some industry to employ people who want to work
57. Get out more in the summer
58. Play whist, belong to Ladies Auxiliary Canadian Legion no.44 branch. Women's Institute watch tv
59. Baking first love it, knitting, sewing painting, keep busy all the time.
60. They should use their own raw materials supplied in this area. Would like to see low rental homes and senior citizens homes built here
61. tourists
62. museum, nice tavern, Legion Lounge, Recreation, good lakes, beaches, fishing, mining tours good scenery

Highlights
Mrs. Jessie Johnson had a hard time getting her education as they kept moving from one lumber camp to the other. She studied when they moved to Cobalt, she ddi 3 grades in one year. Is a beautiful writer and one could say got her education on her own.
She is busy looking after her brother Leslie and mother.


Joanna Stubinski                                     March2,1972
                                                                1 1/2hours.
1. Donald Jones
2. Don
3. 46 Nickle St.
4.
5. 8439
6. 36
7. Cobalt
8. Mother, Ottawa Valley. Dad England.
9. Cumbermere
10. 1935
11.
12.
13. 3
14. mine office
15. elevator operator
~
16. laid off at smelter
17. housewife
18.
19.
20.
21. Quite a bit - mines - mills office work - things were good then.
22. 8 hours
23.$45.
32.
33.
24. Can't remember
25. always had a good Christmas
26. taps
27. hydro
28. wood stove
29  Quebec heater - coal
30. Market where TTL is toda, _ Blacksmith shop. Cherry's men's wear.
Mr.Greenlie had a store where bottling works is - Irwin - Ken MacKay . A great variety of stores - Brewers livery stable. Old jail across
the street from us. Mrs. Boland's Grocery, Corner Store.
31.One show - the old Bijou where they had live talent and silent movies
32. Hockey, ball
33. St. Pat's - High - mining school in Haileybury - 1year - High school  in Cumbermere - to a business course.
34. 14 years.
35. Buses - trains
36. Dunning (Dr.)
37. Good - Haileybury
38. Haileybury Hospital
39. All going to school.
40.
41.fairly good working conditions
42. Hand steeling - mucking contests
43. Lunch
44. depended on the shift.
45. pants - jackets
46. always got dressed up.
47. church quiet
48. Old pictures
49. everything
50 . it's a small place not too noisy - no rush
51. Streets paved - changed Sidewalks from Board to cement - new lights and parks.
52. O.N.R. long distance should have been left here and northern telephone,
mines closing smelter closing, leaving me unemployed, too much unemployment
53. no.
54.
55. yes
56. would like to see some industry come in - to employ the unemployed which
there are plenty of in town. There were 3 men from around Ottawa running
the company_ They make tungston alloys. They came to the smelter 3 times
and were interested in the smelter. If they had a little push and help
the people that use their materials may come here too. We have lots of
raw material here the price of silver has to go up.
57. Summer and fall
58. Hockey games, shows and TV
59. Collecting rocks and coins
60. It has been proven you can't rely on the mines. It has to have a secondary
industry. We should do like Sudbury is doing now. Go after the government
to bring in an industry. Some 150 stationary jobs would solve the problem.
61. Tourists there is something for everybody.
62. Lakes, fishing, mine tours, museum, unique scenery, rock collecting, open cuts
Good beaches for swimming and winter sports.

Highlights:

Donald is very quiet and spends most of his time at home with his family. He goes to the odd bingo but that's about
it.




Lucy Damiani
March 15,1972
2;30 to 4;00
1. Mrs. Francis Jones
2. none
3. Francis Wilcox
4. 18 Watson St.
5. 679-5509
6. 78 yrs. old
7. In Harleston, Staffordshire, England      Mr. Jones born in Sheffield England
8. England
9. England
10. In September 1920 I married in Sheffield 1918 and came here with my husband 110 by boat to Halifax train from Quebec to North Bay and after a 4 hour wait continued by train to Cobalt.
12. by way of Quebec and North Bay
13. my husband, myself and one son Jimmie
14. mining mostly some logging and work in stores
15. housewife
16. Retired miner
17. retired housewife
17. Mr. Jones was a member of the Second South Wales Borderers - his regiment his number was 247 74 and he was in the service 4 years and 64 days. While in the service he went to rank of Sergeant and received medals for distinguished service, the military medal, the 1914 Star King George Medal and War Services medal for 1914 to 1918. He travelled to battle fronts in Egypt Dardinelle, France and Belgium.
18. It was a busy town and I thought it odd because where I come from there was no rock and hills like here.
190 A big town over crowded with foreign element, Polish, Germans, Italians, Finlanders, Swedes, French and some Jews and Syrians, a town with wooden sidewalks, dirt roads and the houses looked as though they were put up in a hurry.
20. Came here because you couldn't get a home in England so many had been bombed during the war and also through friends and relatives telling us about it.
21. Mining was principal industry and the town was full of stores.
22. about 8 hours a day, every day, even Sunday.
23. $4 per day
22. In Haileybury first lost all in fire of 1922 then came to Cobalt
25. In 1923 rented an apartment for awhile and a friend who worked in mine with my husband was moving so we bought the house we are now living in from him and foundation was all gone and we had a lot of cleaning and repairing to do, we completely renovated the place twice and now it has a glassed in veranda, 2 bedrooms upstairs, 2 large rooms downstairs.
25. Alone just the three of us the first years Christmas was like another day but other years we enjoyed a good day with family friends and neighbours.
26.  Water in house
27. Electricity for lighting only there weren't too many appliances in those days, lust washing machines and radio. I remember one of the few radios around was owned by a friend who asked us over to listen to it. My husband was so taken with it we went out and bought one, that was in 1929 and we went to a dealer who gave us a good buy because it was a demonstration model so we paid only $350. they were actually worth $500. of course they had all a lovely wood finish cabinet.
28. Cooked on wood and coal at first then on oil stove later, now we have a gas range
29.  A big heater with stovepipes going through all the rooms and we burned coal  in it.
30. Stores up and down both sides of Lang Street to the bridge. There was
 Sullivan, Zion Giachino, Damiani Pava Zanins for groceries, Morin Frere and Joe Robitaille too. Clothing stores Buckovetskys, Battahs, Vellis, Kourys, TBS, Lebovitz, mens and ladies wear all kinds of hardware, jewelry stores and you could buy anything
31. opera houses, about 6 or 7 theatres about 10 halls for dancing YMCA for sports and recreation - lots of skating, skiing, swimming
32. none - but my children played baseball, hockey, boxing, skating, swimming.
33. over in England
34. about 13 yrs schooling altogether.
35. horse and buggy, very few cars, street cars and trains
36. Dr. Mitchell
37. Cobalt Miners Hospital can't remember had many rooms but it was a fair sized two storey building
38. Jim was born in Shefield England
39. Jim quit school at 19 and enlisted in Army. Denis quit school at 18 and enlisted in army. Mary quit school at 17, Joanna quit school at 17, Mae quit school at 16 but went into nurses training course in Ottawa.
40. Jim came out of army and went to mining. Denis went through for Provincial Police
Mary worked at Buckovetsky then married. Joannie and Mae married young
41. Just what my husband used to tell me about describing they days of old as dangerous with not as many safety measures as now and of course it was all manual labour now its machines.
42. drilling contests, mucking contests and tug of war.
43. lunch pail to work usually sandwiches, cake or cookies fruit and a hot thermos of tea.
44. We ate very well in those days and there was more solid food on the table meat was our mainstay as most cuts were 19¢ or 29¢ per pound, steak was 27¢ lb. We baked our own bread. Sometimes white flour sometimes whole wheat flour and tea biscuits.
45. We always wore plain clothes for work, consisting of house dresses for women, overalls and plaid shirts for men.
46. On Sundays we dressed up in nice silk dresses men wore suits but most of us took the clothes off when we got home from Church.
47. Going to church writing letters, visiting friends or going for a walk.
48. A few pieces of crystal ware silver candy dish, lovely salt and pepper and condiment set belonged to my mother. We have some albums with many photos
49. now and always a very friendly town.
50. It gives you a good warm feeling to have friends and neighbours close by. You can count on them for help and its a nice pastime chatting over the fence with neighbours. When you go downtown you stop quite often for a friendly exchange with people you know.
51. The new subdivision, the town was renovated old buildings, built parks and everyone is looking after their premises more.
 I think especially since the release of the Mastermet Property.
52. I think all the changes are good for the town
53.yes.
54. There is a lack of business places which are a drug store a department store Like Woolvorths or Kresges also a shoe store.
55. yes.
56. I think we should keep our town clean to entice tourists and also do something for Cobalt and area to boost our economy I suggested more stores if we do not more people spending money in these stores it won't help the situation also I would like to see a Senior Citizens Home.
57. I like fall best of all can't stand the heat of summer and fall is beautiful in this area.
58 .Go to bingos, played cards, watch TV
59. like sewing
60. We should get government aid or subsidy to boost mining also another industry would help.. Why don't we relocate a small collegiate to
keep young here or a techical school. Everyone is crying for plumbers, carpenters, electricians, TV technicians - the field is open
for all these jobs why not develop them?
61. Encourage tourists & visitors my sister her husband and daughter will be visiting from England in August. We went to England last year with daughter and son in law and came home on June 6th.  We took a chartered flight from Deep river there were two busloads left from there and a band piped us out. It was a lot of fun a small travel agency would benefit located here because there is a good area to work from.

Highlights

I enjoyed my trip to England very much went back to my home town and the Church I was married in but even now I wouldn't be happy there. I still have friends and many relatives but I was very happy to come back to Cobalt you can quote me as saying there is nowhere in the world a place like Cobalt.



Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski Date: March 7, 1972
Time: 1 1/2 hrs. Interview:
1. Robert Jones
2. Bob
3.
4. RR#l, Gillies
5. 679-8634
6. 67
7. England in 1905
8. England
9. England
10. A few months old, settled in Peterborough then came to Cobalt in 1908
11. Train
12. T.N&.O.
13. 5
14. O.N.R. section man
15. housewife
16. retired
17. housewife
18. Thought it was terrific, spent a lot of time with rink he and friends made
19.  Very busy, Mr. Clark as neighbour had first car in Cobalt
20. Parents thought they could make money
21. mining
22. worked in Mill 8 hrs. a day
23. Can't remember
24. Lived in a small shack, on Hudson's Bay property
25.  Didn't get too much family didn't have much money
26. running town water
27. Hydro
28. wood stove
29. burnt coal at night wood during daytime
30. Lang St. shops from one end to other
31. Skiing, made their own rink, sliding
32. played hockey and skated also ball
33. Public School
34. 8 yrs.
35. Street cars, horse and buggies
36. Dr. Cain
37. was in Hospital once it served it's purpose, wasn't too impressed
38. Nickle st. All born there except from 104, acted as mid wife with Dr. Case
39. Alan 17, Don 20, Bernice 18, Ken 20
40. O.N.R. Rexwood, Ottawa, Civic Hospital Personel Dept, one unemployed had worked at Smelter
41. Didn't know
42.
43.
44.
45. work clothes
46. Dressed up had to shine shoes every weekend for Sunday
47.Skiing to the bush, rink kept them busy, went to Sunday School
48. Pictures
l49. loves living in Gillies because it's quiet
50.
51. Improvement in town new buildings sidewalks
52. Not enough theatres left, always went to Bijou theatre , waIked over hill from Hudson Bay, at the end of Lang St. Mr. Astol owned Grand theatre, wife spent his money lived too high so Astol lost it
53. Answer above
54.
55. no
56.

Mr. Clark a neighbour took him for a ride on old bus, it had an outside rubber horn Was really thrilled. Bob's brother bought an old 1919 chev. he and a couple other fellows went to Kirkland Late they left at 7 a.m. and got there at 7 p.m. they were in and out of the ditch all the way there.
57. middle of summer
58. bingo's
59. working on cars
60. it's getting worse raise the price of silver
61. Tourists
62. Clean air, tours, museum

The Jones lived on Nickle St. for 30 yrs. then decided to move to Gillies and they love it here, the only place they go is to the bingo's, church and the odd show.
33.
Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski
Interview
1. John Jordon
2. Johnnie
Date of Interviewer: Feb. 24
Length of Interview: 1 3/4 hrs.
3.
4. Fraser Hotel Room 24, Prospect Ave.
5.
6. 50 yrs. old
7. Schumacher Onto
8. Mother Cobalt, Father U.S.A. Kansas
9. Cobalt
10. 50 years old.
11. train
12. We left Schumacher for U. S. A. then we came back to Cobalt by train
13.
14. foundry
15.
16. drive school bus
17.
18. yes second world war. belonged to the Algonquin Regiment. We were in Newfoundland to England, France when the regiment went out to Belgium Holland and Germany
19. no particular activity going on
20. It was home
21. Mines,  foundry
22. 8 hrs
23. $24.00 per week
24. Large frame house
25. Can't remember, we always had food, turkey etc, but it was the hungry 30's so we were lucky if we got a pair of socks for Christmas
26. in the house
27. Hydro
28. wood stove
29. Quebec Heater in the front room
30. usual Grocery stores. T.B.S., Bucks and a drug store
31. Classic theatre
32. Hockey
33. Public and High School. The old Public School was on the corner it was tore down long ago so the corner could be widened for 11 B
34. 10 yrs.
35. Not too many automobiles, horse and wagon in summer, horse and sleighs in winter
Street cars. Never had a ride on the street cars.
36. Dr. Wallingford
37. We had a hospital •• The mines Hospital
38.
39.
40.
41. Can remember the ore buckets going overhead across Cobalt Lake to the Nipissing Mill Also remember 2 mills burning down. One was the Nipissing Mill. Also the old stamp mill at 104
42. Most of the mines had hockey teams of their own
43. same as everybody else
44. main meal the same as it is today
45. Warm clothing mostly wool mackinaws in winter light clothing in summer
46. Best cloths
47. had several rinks on the lake for skating. Swam in summer in Peterson Lake
48. Army souveniers
49.  its home base
50. Cobalt is where I've lived all my life
51. Renovations of old buildings, new parks
52. The fires that destroyed business's and homes on Lang st. and Peter St. Another fire on Lang St. next to Damiani's west took business's and homes. Lastly the whole Adams block and Purdy building the former old Woolworth store that burnt leaving about 40 people homeless in 1971
53. Our mines laid off several men, closing down mines
54. Caused too much unemployment
55. yes
56. Would like to see a good steady payroll
57. Summertime
58. Watch T.V., enjoy conversation over a glass of beer
59, Reading
60. In a mining town such as ours in order to solve the unemployment situation, with more mine speculation more mine development. Would like to see full mine operations again.
61. Mining men who would be interested in developing and promoting our mines
62. Show them various mining operations

John Jordon is a bachelor. Has lived in Cobalt all his life and very interested in mining.



Joanne Stubinski
March 23, .1972 2 1/2hours
1. Mr. Harold Kelly
2. Harold
3. Bachelor
4. 14 Helen
5. none
6. 55
7. Cobalt born at 13 Helen across the street from where he lives now
8. Dad in Buckingham Que.,mother in Mount St. Patrick
9. Ottawa Valley
10. born here
11. parents came in 1907-08
12. came by train
13. 4 boys and parents
14. Dad worked as a blacksmith at the mining corp.
15.
16. Harold is Assistant  Mechanic for Ontario Hydro
17.
17a. Harold was in the Army in Jamaica British garrison
18. When he was old enough to remember Cobalt it was going downhill. Mines were being phased out, mines gradually closing down. Father left mining in 1928 and went for H.L.Osborne on Lang St. Mining machinery
19. Busier than now more stores clothing and shoe stores. All way down Lang St. by Charlie Ferris' Population 3000 or 4000
20. Parents came because of the boom in mining
21. mining
22. 10 hours in earlier days
23. Can't remember not too much anyway
24. 13 Helen small bungalow house whole family born there
25. A real good time whole family together
26. running water
27. hydro
28. wood stove
29. quebec heater old fashioned coal stove
30. Store where Crago's house is today. Sam Pucclise moved to where brother Merv lives now. It was a grocery store. He used to visit the Kelly's when he left town. Talon took over store then Caverley's,  the building was torn down and a house put up. Corner store was McKinnon Lumber Co.- Neil McKinnons Dad - Neil is national resident of Imperial Bank of Canada
Pop store was mining Machinery and so was Bob Sopha's house. Damiani was Sullivan - Shilton wholesaler. Alma Reise was Brewers Livery Stable. A good 50 or more grocery stores.
31. 2 or 3 theatres Always went to Classic theatre. Made also dancing
32. local arena, winter sports, ball teams played at old part there was a Cobalt team and one from Silver Centre. Big board fence
8 ft. high around the park had to walk to Bass Lake most of swimming was done at Short Lake where the damn is. July 1st big day spotts at Ball park.
32. Played hockey, running and swimming
33. St. Pat's
34. 8
35. Shanks mare,  street cars to New Liskeard the McIsaac bus line. Dad had an old Maxwell car it was a 4 passenger.
36. Dr, Smith
37.Local, hospital Dad died in that hospital in 1931 at 47 died of pneumonia
38.
39.
40.
41. It was a hard way of making a living and a long day
42. McKinnon and his partner would practise drilling in the lane, close to their house on an old granite boulder. Dad used to high jump won a
silver cup and still has the medals. Joe Burk was the shot put man
43. Good heavy meals always ate desserts
44. Same as today
45. Not much different than the kids of today, but no long hair
46. Better for Sundays
47. Everybody took strolls or watched a ball game. The habit was to watch
the train come in every evening.
48. Dad's silver cup for high jumping and medals
49. Quiet way of life good surrounding area for hunting and fishing
50. Easy way of life.
51. The parks in town Kiwanis  opened up. Bass Lake a lovely beach. The town now building a park at Sharp Lake.
52.
53. no ..
54.
55. yes
56. See the govennment spend money on exploration, take back properties. This would cure a bit of unemployment for a while anyway
57. summer
58. In summer months at the Lake (Gillies) and television. In the winter spends time skidooing and sitting in the Fina bull shitting
with friends
59. Not any hobby
60. Find some mines to create some work. Heavy exploration program with aid from Government
61. Just what has it to offer?
62. Tours, fishing and hunting, museum.; mills historical sites.

This is a mixture of last thoughts Harold told me:


Highlights:

 Dance Hall above TTL also K of C. Hall - a lot of dances and box socials in the country but no transportation so had to stay
in town. Sunday was a fishing day in Latchford for Cobalt people. A lot of buildings  torn down , There was a gas co. where Montgomery's
live today on Galena St.. Mother worked for Parish priest across the lake at O'Brien She was in the church 15 minutes before it blew down
on Good Friday. Remembers fire when Hunter Block burned down Hunt's candy store there today. Many people had beautiful rings on after the fire as they had stolen them from the jewellers.
All mines burning down and the 1922 fire the smoke was terrible. People in Cobalt were all parked and ready to pullout but it never got
this far.
Old Dixon made blue prints and maps by Buffams, Harris's also had a bake shop there. All kinds of Boarding houses. Jack Ough had a butcher shop where Town Hall is now today. Museum was a paper co. Liquor Store was George Taylor hardware then Theatres along that street. McLean Motors where Aaron Parcher has his store. They sold Terryplane and Hudson cars. Old McKewen had a grocery store where the park is today. Aerial Trams from mining corp. to Buffalo never actually saw them in action. But used to play in them There was a big pipe organ in the arena that played off rolls it even had kettle drums on ita bass drum just a whole percussion section. This organ stood about 25' high it could not be played manually. It was used in the 30's the arena was run by Rowe's It collapsed in the 40's One day walking home from school saw all the roller skates thrown out the arena they had go to get rid of them as the roller skate floor was too badly used up so they threw out the skates. All the kids in neighhourhood had skate from there. Harold and friends used to sneak into the arena under the seats
through a hole. Coniagas Manse was a boarding house run by Mrs. Watts. The men melted the silver at Mining Corp. into bricks each weighed
100 Ibs. They would be taken to station and put on flat cars to be sent away.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------/
Joanna Stubinski May 1,1972
2 hours

1.Mr. Harold Kenty
2. Hal
4. Gillies Depot Rd.
5. 679-8201
6. 57 this summer
7. North Cobalt
8. Dad - Nova Scotia, Mother - Quyon, Que.
9. Dad and Fawn McDonald came up from Enfield N.S., they stayed at a boarding house in North Cobalt. Later on Fawn was blasted in a mine in Cobalt.  He introduced my mom to my father.
10. Dad came in 1907 1906
11.
12.
13. just 3
14. Dad mined all his life - prospected in later years
15. looked after us children till we were old enough then she always went prospecting with dad.
16. Mining and prospecting. Spent 12 years in the Arctic. Then built Kenty'sTavern now have a green house.
17. housewife
17a. in the Air Force for 2 years but never got overseas.  Spent all the time in Ottawa
18. Pretty good place. Always liked it. Did a lot of fishing & hunting as we were close to everything. Our well went dry the odd tine, but we always managed to get some
19. Built up solid. Stores on Lakeview Ave. 3 dance halls. Always went to the show in Sat. afternoon in Cobalt. Show was 10 cents and 6¢ each way on Street Cars
20. His father was a miner in Nova Scotia. There were 7 boys in dad's family. Five followed mining and his father mined in Nova Scotia. They heard about the find in Cobalt so came, but settled in North Cobalt .,
21. No employment hardly. Went to Que. mining and Timmins. Prospected in the summer. Dad and I leased a property at Swasey for 2 years then came back and got married Dec. 25, 1940, to Florence Taylor of Cobalt. We went down to St. Catherines where I worked at McKinnon Industry ., was a precision Inspector. Then went into the air force. Came back to Cobalt did engineering for Silanco Mines. Then became Manager. Left there and went back to exploration till 5 years ago. Built the Tavern and near the green house.
22. 8 hours at Arnfield
23. $4.80 a day. In winter time in Timmins $4.80 plus $4.50  bonus.
24. Born at Cross lake Rd. Old #11 highway. Moved to the wooden 2 storey Always had that house in N. Cobalt even when we were in Silver Centres
25. Always has a good X-mas
26. Had our own augered well When well went dry carried it from the station  Took the dog & couple of boilers to Argentite for water. Caught rain water to wash with and melted snow. We had an outdoor used Simpson & Eaton's catalogue
27. Electric
28. Wood Stove
29. Wood heat piles of wood in back yard.
30.3 Grocery stores Beers, Dagenais', Brazeau's. Everyday dry good stores, before the fire, Legault's, Joe's Pool Room, 3 dance halls,
3 churches , Public & Sep. School, ;College, off and on vve had a barber shop, Jim Lee -  0 Chow had a small restaurant.
31. Made our own house parties, I played the piano at the orange hall dances.
32. Hockey, softball, skating parties on the creek. Ran from home to Proctor's swam to the Island. Sleigh ride usually slid on the main road
33. Public school in N. Cobalt & Silver Centre. Haileybury High , 3¢ a trip on street car. Regular fair was 6¢ for minors, 2¢ for adults. Then Mining school
34. 13 years
35. Street cars - bicycles a few cars, had one when we lived in Silver Centre, Jewett tourine car
36. Dr ..Creaser
37. None in N. Cobalt Had tonsils out in Mines Hospital in Cobalt
38. St. Catherines
39. Snooky, was 18, finished Grade 12, commercial, Cheryl, 19, Harold 23, graduated from Waterloo
40. Snooky in Streetsville, Cheryl in Hamilton
41.  Mines just starting up again. Had 60,0000 Lbs , of Cobalt at $.2 a lb. Encouraged mines to start again. Lots of mines needed pumping out. Installation of machinery, rehabilitation of shafts and buildings, hydrolic air was sure a big help, because each mine didn't need their own
compressor. Men used electric lamp. Mills had to be built.
42. We came up from Silver Centre for it in 1924, To Ball park, streets were full of people.
43..Dad took a heavy lunch, but did come home for a lot of meals. He was a great fellow to walk. He'd walk from North Cobalt to far end of Cross Lake Pd , Work underground, walk home, then would run around the race track, this track was down by the creek
44.
45. Short pants, knickers and long socks, got long pants when I went to high school.
46. Dress up a bit
47· Went to Sunday school. Then played the rest of the time.
48. Coat of Arms - Kenty's from Ireland. Muzzle loader gun, father got in Nova Scotia. Deer head, I was 18 or 19 when dad shot it over 50 years old when it was mounted, pocket watches from dad and uncle
49. Quiet and peaceful no smog, a perfect place to to bring up children
51. Started to dress it up a bit improve main St. a few flower parks
52. Planning Board has set up their plans without enough knowledge of area. We should be treated the same as the south because we're not the same. Personally we have some very good building ground, there's so much red tape to go through as a result of planning board and municipal affairs that opportunities are missed. A person could be dead before it goes through. Hasn't been any work for younger people they
have to leave nothing new has been start, everything that comes North bypasses Cobalt. Have lost a lot of things to New Liskeard. Planning Board congests everything to one area. Northern people like and want freedom. Mining securities and Gov't have made it so difficult for raising of funds for exploration and mining that it's practically impossible to carry on and make new discoveries
53. Like it
55.yes
56. Some permanent jobs created for the population here by secondary industry. Also fewer restrictions on township buildings where people
could have country living. Like  to see some small  trains a few passenger cars running more often so people could use this service. Better shopping area. Drug store, town needs a good payroll. l would like to see tourist attractions improved in mining town, and possibly a place built to accomodate interested school classes from other areas. As this is a growing interest
in education
57. Spring & Fall
58. Very little now. Go uptown the old time. But most of the time in at home
59. In green housework, Carpentry and building
60. Money to finance not only gov't projects but private industries.
61. People that want to see the place and leave (tourists)
62. Museum tours and aec ener-y Cobalt area has many things to offer the tourist, if finances were available to develop and restore our natural surroundings.

Highlights:

Harold is very busy now with his green house. I hope he makes a success of it. He really loves to play the piano and sure has a beautiful home
on Gillies Lake.


Joanna Stubinski May 3,1972
2 hours
1. George Miner Kenty
2. 48 Nickel St.
3. 679-8204
6. 58. born 1913
7. North Cobalt, in tin shack next to Bob McCauleys Haileybury Rd.
8. Dad in Enfield, Nova Scotia, Mother in Quyon Que
9. They met in N.Cobalt and were there Dad used to paddle a canoe down Mill Creek when he was courting mother. Mrs. Fawn MacDonald. Fawn stood up for them
10. Born in North Cobalt 1913. Came to Cobalt 1952 Bought a house on Hudson Bay property. Then went to Yukon, stayed there 3
years and came back to Cobalt
11.
12.
13. There were 4of us.
14. Assay office - engineering office.
15. Hairdresser
16. Prospector
17.Merchant "Laura's Shop"
18. Busy place
19. different than today it was active
20. Left Belleterre - Because Murray Watts gave me a job engineer at Penn Mine - Cobalt 1952.
21. There were lots of jobs for miners underground, carpenters.
22. I was time keeper for Northern Development. We looked after Highway from Matheson  to Englehart. Bob Pollock and I worked for $90. a month
23. In Silver Centre I remember dad got me a gun and shells, we used to use snow shoes to go hunting and snaring rabbits. After the 1922 fire
we moved to Silver Centre. I was 10 years old. Dad worked at Belleterre  Mine.
24.
25.
26.  We had to carry water
27. We had power from the mine and lived in the cookery
28. Old wood stove. Dad bought day maple to burn $2. - $5. a cord
29.
30. Silver Centre. Provencher and Brenans had a General Store. At Lorraine consolidated. Mickey Bolger had a store. Close to Frontier Keeley & Belle Isle
31. There was a theatre, before you went up where the blind pigs were
32. Ski, skate, snowshoe, fish in Lake Temiskaming, also at the mouth of Montreal River, I remember having bags and bags of pickerel.
33. In Silver Centre there was a school between the Frontier and the Keeley Mine. I went to school with Bill Hammerstrom, George McGinnis, Sydney Dexter Victor Levesque, Tellie Levesque, Tom Whitebred lived there too , at the Belle Isle
34. Silver Centre. North Cobalt Public passed entrance. 4 years at mining, 2 years at Queen's and this winter took a course in prospecting
  • techniques. Brushed up on minerology and geology.I really enjoyed this as my dad spent all his life prospecting
    35. The stage was moved from Silver Centre to Haiileybury on a team of horses. It was a closed in caboose with a stove in it to heat it.
    36. Dr. Creaser - lived next door to us.
    37. Dr. Schmidt took my tonsils out in the Cobalt Mine Hospital
    38. St. Catherines
    39. They went through school
    41. In the early days miners were miners you didn't have to lead them around by the hand. There were no unions and the men had to do what
    the bosses told them to do or else. 

  • 43. When dad went prospecting, mother had to bake him bread, cured bacon, dry beans and rice and cheese
    44. Running shoes old clothes
    45. Best clothes
    47. Sunday school. Visiting or fishing or we'd drive to North Temiskaming so dad could get a drink of beer, visit at Giroux to see Jack McLeod and Mrs. McLeod.
    48. My dad's gold pocket watch (Walthem) with a pure silver watch. Dad had it since 1910. It still goes
  • 49. Its a small place. Go at your own speed. The air is so different from  Toronto. Its fresh here. We have one of the best climates in Canada.
    51. You can see a difference from years ago there's more paint and quite a few new houses
    52. If I want anything I have to go to Haileybury or New Liskeard to get it. With a bus system through town, there should be a bus shelter where you can wait on the bus and buy your tickets. We've no drug store.foo many payrolls have left Cobalt.
    53. I like Cobalt
  • 54.
    55. yes
    56. We need provincial govermment, adequate participation to plan a long range program suitable for this area. Restoration program should be with people trained for the job. Would like to see larger mining companies do exploration in the area.
    57. Spring and fall
    58. Fishing & hunting
    59. Carpenter work
    60. I feel that there are able men receiving welfare that could be working and will not and have also refused jobs. Two or three light industries using our raw materials.  I think there should be a mining property opened up in Cobalt, connected with the Northern College of Applied Arts and Technology to train their students in actual mining. The mine being staffed with experienced miners, millmen and teachers
    61. tourists
    62. Good clean fresh air, historical background, Old  Mission, Drummond Cairn, Mining shafts & properties. Old Mills. Back roads that 40 or 50 years  ago were thriving with mines. Very nice lakes, nice setting, good bush and scenery.
  • Highlights!!

  • My dad Miner Kenty came to Cobalt in 1907. He died at the age of 66 in 1954. After mining a few years, he started prospecting in 1924. When we lived in Silver Centre, he started there also in : Kanichi, Cedar Lake, near Goward, Chambers Township, Gowganda area Timmins. In Bu Mines Tovnship Swassi area, that's where the Kenty Gold Mine was. Uncle Jay and Uncle Jack staked the mine. Brett Threthwey Co. He prospected in Ungava for Hollinger Consolidated Gold Mines. He made 3 iron finds there. Prospected in Que. for McIntyre from Belleterre to Mount Laurier Highway. He sank the Jupiter shaft at McIntyre. Also the sturgeon River area. My mother always went with him over the years. Finally her knees gave out and she had to stay home. He prospected in Onakawana near Coral Rapids. They always attended the Prospectors convention in Toronto. One  year mother won a gold bar at the event. Mother died in 1968. They celebrated their
    25th wedding anniversary at the Belle Isle. They had a party. I remember dad saying one day he was at Trout Lake No. 1 for mining corp. He gave Harry Miller a job. Dad walked 3tmiles, 2 ways every day back & forth to work.






  • Carmen Stubinski 
     Interview  April 26, 1972
    2 hrs.

    1. Laura Kenty (Mrs. George)
    2. Lallie
    3. Laura Brocklebank
    4. 48 Nickel St. Cobalt
    5. 679-820§
    6. Born 1918
    7. Dalton, England
    9. England
    10. My dad came to Cobalt in 1909. He kept going home to England for visits. Finally in 1922. My mother came to Cobalt with the three of us children
    11.
    12. Came by boat across Atlantic Ocean to Montreal, by train to Cobalt
    13. There were 5 of us
    14. miner
    15. Proprieter, Laura's Dress Shop Cobalt
    16. prospector
    17.
    18. To me it was just Cobalt
    19. Active very active
    20. Came as a child to make my home here
    21. You were able to get a job anywhere go from one job to the other
    22. We lived in an old church at Giroux Lake I used to sit in the middle of the road and get spanked plenty for it. I remember my sister Ida nearly drowning in Giroux Lake. There Sullivan saved here life. She got the first life saving medal in this area.
    25. When we lived at the Beaver Mine we used to go visiting xmas
    26. Dad carried water
    28. Wood stove at Kerr Lake
    29.
    30. I rememver Jager Navy bloomers with lace on that my mother bought me at Vellis Store,  Irwins Grocery. Smith's black smith shop on Lang St. Reams bottom and Edward at Kerr Lake and we always came to town to shop at Woolworths
    31. They had box socials at Kerr Lake Public School. Miss Wright was teacher. They'd put us kids on a long table to sleep, when the party was over, they took us home
    32. Climb trees I was always june in Tarzan Bycle rides. Play in William Drummonds yard.
    33. Keer Lake, Cobalt, Public and Cobalt High school, took a business course and hairdressing course.
    34.
    35. We had a beautiful horse and buggy with a bear skin in it as a robe. When mother drove the horse to town it would stop at 8a blind pig at Angelines on Lang street and wouldn't move. It was Dads hangout and the horse knew it was dad's stopping place. Mother was going blind then. The horse always knew the way home
    36. Dr. Mitchell and Dr. Kane
    37. I got my tonsils out in the old miners hospital
    38. St. Catherines they were both born there
    39. Both went through schomm
    40. I can. remember when my dad cobbed ore in our basement. When he owned the Kerr Lake Mine then. He had leased it
    43. Pasti's current Pasti
    44. Roast beef and yorkshire pudding , Lamb stew. Lots of pies mostly apple. Mother always made her own  bread. She was a very good cook
    45. Butterfly skirts
    46. Always hat and gloves to church. We used to go to Camp Lorraine a lot
    47. Mother pure silver hand made earrings with clusters of tiny red stone, dad had made for her from silver from the mining corporation mine. A diamond bracelet. My mothers shriners pin. She belonged to Bokara Court was the first Lady Shriner north of North Bay
    48.
    49. I like Cobalt because its a friendly town. The people help you its a small town. My home town.
    51. Improvements the new lights, It's cleaned up and the stores are opening again
    52. I dont like the people shopping in New Liskeard and we have no facilities of our own for teenagers
    55. yes
    56. we need a good coffee shop an old age home, Sr. Citizens home. Drug store a dentist a good shoe store and a shopping area. Would like to see the Salvation Army here again
    57. spring
    58. Bowling, Art, Sports, play cards
    59. my shop
    60. 2 or 3 light industries to biing it back to a booming town again
    61. Mining, men financiers
    62. hunting, fishing, unorganized recreation, Cobalts hospitality. Museum mining tours, historical points of interest. Good beaches, Scenic sight seeing, mining miners festival. Men who made their money in Cobalt are known world wide.

    Joanna Stubinski
     Feb. 26,1972
    1  1/2 hours.

    1. Mrs. Mary Keon
    2. Mary Ellen
    3. Dwyer
    4. 11 Miller
    5. 679-8101
    6. 74
    7. Renfrew County - twp. of Wilberforce
    8. Mother in Douglas,Ont. Father in Township of Wilberforce.
    9. Renfrew County.
    10. 1918 - Hanbury Area then Cobalt 1924
    11. by train
    12. North route.
    13. Alone as family was in Hanbury - came to work as a nurse in Mine's Hospital.
    14.Hydro - and area 42 years.
    15.Nurse - RN
    16. Dead.
    17.Retired
    18. Cobalt wasn't too bright depression starting most men had made their money and moved off.
    19. Nice people - friendly and lots of activities. Mining people entertained a lot.
    20. A friend of hers was here nursing at the hospital - where Mary was in Iroquois Falls - the Mills Hospital changed staff because new doctors
    came in - so she left.
    21. Practically every type of job - Silver Centre was working also.
    22. 12 hours a day.
    23. $80. a month.
    24. Small wood frame on Baker St. Torn down now.
    25. Had some friends in of her husband - cooked a goose for the first time
    26. Running water in house.
    27. Electric lights
    28. Electric stove.
    29. Coal heater.
    30. Good shops, McDirmids ladies wear, very stylish shop - Toronto Bargain. Store, General Stores and Buckovetsky's.
    31. Dancing at Knights of Columbus Hall where she met her husband.
    32. None - never had time.
    33. No.
    34. Trained for a nurse
    35. Street cars - horse and buggy - cutters - a few cars.
    36. Dr. Case.
    37. Good - nursed there - prepared a lot of medications and treatments themselves - got along very well - no friction at all.
    38. Cobalt - Mike - 32 Baker.
    39. Mike- 17 Ann went in training.
    40. Mike carpenter work - hydro then mines. Ann - married.
    41. Not built too well - many accidents a few killed - Silver Centre was a bad place for accidents.
    42. During Old Timers reunion in 1924 - gave terrific prizes.
    43. Ordinary always had desserts.
    44. same
    45. ordinary - uniforms for nursing.
    46. dressed up
    47. Went to mass - also dines later in day.
    48. a lot of trinkets - no special thing.
    49. It's a homey town.
    50. People friendly.
    51. Big improvement in homes Lang st. Appearance is much better.
    52. No.
    53. No.
    54.
    55. something for the better.
    56.
    57. Summer - Spring and fall.
    58. 'Television
    59. Baking bread
    60. Raise the price of silver
    61. nearly everyone
    62. buildings on hill - fishing - hunting, mining tours.

    Please add to Mrs. J. Keon interview - from husbands scrapbook, and Cobalt Nugget clippings
    1908      (Ad)
    The Cobalt light and Power Co. controlled by the Cleveland Cobalt Silver Mines Ltd., supplies power for electric lighting in the town of Cobalt. Nearly 5000 lights now installed. Also supplies air and electric power for mining and all manufacturing purposes. Capacity of powerplant 200 KW. The prices of electric current on air power (odd) F.L.Cody Hanager Cobalt Light and Power Cobalt, Ontario.

    The Coming of the power Companies : Tuesday March 8,1910.

    Just how much the coming of the big power companies to Cobalt will mean for the mining industry here no one can adequately estimate. That it will double the amount of the worrk being done in the camps is a low estimate. How much it will increase the output of ore is a more difficult matter to gauge. Scores of new properties will begin to work in a practical manner and as many of these have just as good locations as many of the largest shippers in thecamp, There are very bright prospects that the shiments will be greatly increased soon after the power has become available. With cheap power many properties which have not had sufficient funds to install expensive plants will be enable to
    push development work forward very vigorously and it is expected that this work will show up ore deposits hitherto undiscarded. Other plants which have done cnnsi erable work with excellent results will be able to push forward their.development several times as fast as they have been to date and this will also make it's influence felt on the progress of the camp as a whole.
    Undoubtedly new strikes will be made which will increase the value of the stock for the fortunate properties and holders thereof will make money which will stimulate the interest in all worthy Cobalt securities which should have the general result of making a health tone for the entire list of reputable stocks. Very much depends upon the successful operation of the big power companies. It is the most important event for Cobalt, that could possibly transpire. It will mean a tremendous impetus to the work of mining and so far in the history of Cobalt any increase in the work has meant the discoverof new ore bodies and the greater development of those already known about. There will be a tremendous reduction in the cost of mine operations, a saving which will have an important hearing upon the dividend paying possibilites of the various mines as well as increased are results. Few mining camps have been as favourably situated as Cobalt in regard to the facilities for bringing in  large quantities of power at low rates even before the introduction of the power Cobalt was able to show ore production at a far lower cost than any of the other great mining camps of the world. To effect a further immense saving in the cost of mining will make the comparison
    in favour of Cobalt all the greater and will give this camp with its low cost of mining and high ore values a very unique position in the camps
    of the world, and will help to make Cobalt's hold upon the market absolutely secure. It is unquestioned that the satisfactory use of the power to be furnished by these big companies will start an activity in the Cobalt securities which should equal anything hitherto seen in connection there with and worthy of note is the fact that the interest will be caused by very practical causes, a big reduction in the cost of mining and a
    greatly increased output from the mines, in other words the boom will be given ample justification through both a handsome saving and a splendid service. This summer  should be by far the most lively that Cobalt has even known. All signs points to a revival of interest which will be phenomenal among Cobalt booms because it will have sanity and good business logic behind it. Therefore the power companies cannot get into operation any too soon. This early arrival means the greatest benefit to Cobalt that can come from any possible source.


    Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski March 30, 1972
    Interview Time: 3 hrs,

    ADD TO MRS. JAMES KEON' S INTERVIEW
    News Around the Mines
    Facts and figures gathered in the Renowned Silver Camps by the Daily Nugget, (Cobalt)

    Air From Montreal River

    The day when the Cobalt Hydraulic power Co. will first be able to drive drills with
    air from Ragged Chutes on the Montreal River is now fixed at August 1st. 1909. For
    the big consumers who will get air as the people in the city get gas through a
    metre the price will be 25¢ per thousand cubic feet of compressed air the pressure
    being 100 per square inch which is equivalent to 3.2 cents per thousand feet of free
    air.

    Rates to be Charged

    For smaller consumers the price will vary from five dollars per shift per drill for one
    drill to $2.80 per shift per drill for five drills and upwards. There are approximately
    sixty compressors in and around Cobalt, many others would have been installed before
    now if they had not known that the air from Ragged Chutes was coming in. It will
    undoubtely act as a great incentive to development. Holders of properties with fair
    to average indicatims hesitated to go down on them to any depth when that meant the
    installation of a plant including a compressor, but now they will only have to connect
    up with the air line of the Cobalt Hydraulic Power Co. and the water driven air from
    Ragged Chutes will do the rest, The magnitude of the undertaking can best be imagined when
    it is stated that five million pounds of pipe botts and other material will be used in
    the construction of the pipe line.
    Much of this material after being shipped from Germany was despatched out to the end
    of the spur line near Giroux Lake and then teamed a distance of about six miles
    to Ragged Chutes. The work at Ragged Chutes is almost completed and to date half a
    mile of air line has been doubled.

    Mine Miles of Pipe.

    To bring the air to Cobalt mine miles of twenty-inch pipe will be laid. The loop line will
    start from the end of the LaRose bridge and will encircle the town, joining up with the
    main line afterwards. In the loop and the various branches around Cobalt the pipe will be
    12 inches. In addition to the loop there will be branch lines by way of the Colonial and
    the Nova Scotia. Another line will run to Kerr Lake.
    The air supplied from Ragged Chutes will have many advantages over power supplied by the
    compressors. It is absolutely dry and consequently in the summer will not heat the
    underground workings or in the winter freeze.
    A service charge of one dollar per month per horse power on the rated capacity of the
    installed motors. The bills for electric power will be reduced by a discount having
    a maximum of 13% based upon the load Factor.

    Pressure of 100 pounds.

    There will be a pressure of about 110 pounds at Cobalt and the company will sell at
    100 pounds pressure. To make the pressure uniform so that the consumer at the end
    of the line will have exactly the same service as the man near Ragged Chutes reducing
    values will be put in. Ample air can be compressed at the company's plant to supply
    all the requirements of Cobalt for some time to come. The air will be supplied to the
    larger customers by metre.  The terms for the longer customers will be 25cents per thousand
    cubic feet of compressed air at 100 pounds pressure. It will be measured off by the metre
    To these customers power will be supplied on the premises. The following rates per drill
    per 10 hours shift have been fixed for smaller customers.
    one drill ••••••••• .$ 5
    2 drills ••••••••••    $4
    3 drills •••••••••••• $3.50
    4 drills •••••••••••• $3.13
    5 drills •••••••••••• $2.80

    Those properties taking the un-metred air power service will have to pay for their own connections with the main line.

    Electric Power in July

    The transmission line for the electric power from Fountain Falls will be completed about
    July 1 st the rates for current charged will be.
    Under 25 H.P. 3¢ per kilowatt hour
    over 50 H.P. and under 200 H.P.- 1 3/4 ¢ per kilowatt hour over 100 HP.P and under 200 H.P. 15-10¢ per kilowatt hour
    over 200 H.P. and under 400 H.P. 14 to 10¢ per kilowatt hour
    over 300 H.P. and under 400 H.P. 13 to 10¢ per kilowatt hour
    over 400 H.P. and under 500 H.P. 12-10¢ per killowatt hour
    Over 500 HP.P l¢ per kilowatt hour.

    Plus a service charge.

    Mr. H. E. Timmerman who for the past eight months has been supervising constrution for the
    Cobalt Light & Heat Power Company has resigned to accept a similar position with the
    Cobalt Hydraulic Power Company in the construction of fifteen miles of 15,000 volt line
    to the Cobalt camp from the Montreal River. This worked will be pushed to its utmost
    capacity and a large force of men employed at once.

    Clippings from Daily Nugget

    1909

    As Philadelphians View the LaRose

    A. M. Pennington, Business Manager of Financial Bulletin sizes up the Consolodated.
    The mining wonder of Cobalt is the LaRose Consolidated. Until recently it had
    an area of 319 acres. This had been increased to 359 acres by the acquisition of the
    Lawson Proper~y. The location of its mines is considered the heart of Cobalt. The
    properties which comprise the Consolidated are the Larose, LarRose extensqon, Princess
    Fisher, Epplett, Silver Hill, University Violet and the Lawson. Thses prop~bties are in
    absolute ownership and control, free from all encumbrances. All of the companies acreage
    is considered to be of high, class formation for everyone of its properties each of one
    which is now undergoing extensive development work is demonstrating this fact by their
    proportionate share of production. Increased shipments each week. Rich ore bodies
    are found on all the company's propebties.
    Its equipment is also considered the best in the camp. Besides having double shifts
    working, more men are added daily. By July 1, 200 additional will be employed on opening
    up the Lawson.
    The main vein on the LaRose is developed underground for 1,200 ft. at a depth
    of 250 ft and at night are well defined that carry as rich values as the main vein.
    On this claim, 14 veins have been found, but only a third of these have had any work done
    on them. They are considered the strongest, besides being the largest continous bodies
    in the district. Most of the energies of the management are centured on the main
    vein the McDonald and the no. 3. The amount of development work on the mamn vein alone
    shows over $4.------500,000 in ore blocked out. So rich is this ore body that the cost
    of producing the silver will cost but 10. the shaft is being put down deeper, at the same
    time cross cutting and drifting on the 3 levels are being conducted as rapidly as possible.
    Stoping is being carried on to a considerable extent.
    In the development work two to three tons ore are blocked out to one ton hoisted.
    The drifting follows a general system of veins running parallel without faulting, the
    entire distance of the drift. The veins vary in size from 2 to 20 inches in wifith
    assaying from 3,000 to 15,000 ounces of silver to the ton. This same system of rich veins
    is exposed on the surface running from one to 10 inches in width across the entire LaRose
    claim, and carries values from 1,000 to 5,000 ounces per ton, proved by assays. No one
    can estimate the amount of this rich ore, remaining undeveloped in the mine, for there have
    been no
    signs of the ore bodies pinching out. in fact, the veins are widening and
    maintaining their values with persistent regularity the deeper the ore developed. On the
    lowest level they are as rich in values as those exposed on the surface. Besides the
    paralel veins which are followed in the dirfts there are series of cross veins encountered
    just as rich and having the same width as the main veins, carrying millions of ounces
    of silver. Thsse are known facts. Aside from these there are remaining portions of the
    LaRose Claim. About 2/3 rds of its area is unprospected, and, according to the exploratory
    work as those already uncoverede Just as soon as systematic cross cutting begins over
    a longer distance, the surface should be encountered at the depth already attained on the
    claim.
    No estimate can be made of the extent of these ore bodies that are known to exist in
    the unprospected ground. The possibilities of finding these valuable ore deposits are
    almost certain.
    The acquisition of the Lawson mine makes the LaRose consolidated district, supplying
    the Nipissing which has the double the acreage. There are 14 veins on the Lawson
    averaging from 1 to 15 inches in width and all go to depth. From present indications
    Lawson may be counted upon to produce 15,000,000 net from the known veins on the property
    to depth of only 150 ft.
    A new double compartment shaft is being sunk on the lawson to a depth of 80 feet to con-
    nect with the Silver Leaf shaft at different levels. The best evidence known to corrobrate
    the opinion of every expert mining man and engineer who have inspected the claim that the
    veins go to depth is to note the success the adjoining properties have made on the same
    system of veins encountered in their mines. The Silver Leaf Shaft which is owned by the
    LaRose, located 100 ft. away is down 400 feet, and hoisting silver ore averaging 2,000 to
    8.000 ounces per ton.
    On the Kerr Lake, which adjoins on the east ore is being hoisted from a depth of 450 ft.
    that averages 2, to 6,000 ounces per ton and is still in this rich formation.
    The silver in sight on the Lawson is enormous and fabulously rich in value. It is
    intended to begin active operations in blocking out and working at depth. By july 200 men
    will be engaged to open up the claim, which is one of the richest in the district. Experts
    and engineers claim that the ore in the Lawson mine will take care of the dividend requirements
    of the entire capitalization of the LaRose company at the rate of 5,000
    The LaRose is considered the richest property in the district both in monnage and
    values developments and ore reserves. The ores are so rich that a stamp mill is Dot
    necessary. The ore is sacked as fast as hoisted and shipped direct to the smelters. A mill
    has not been considered for, under these conditions it is no necessary. Electricity will
    soon be in the camp. Electricity power will be used to smelt the ores and for drilling and
    various uses.
    Applications will soon be made to list the LaRose consolidated stock on the New York
    and London stock exchanges. The dividend will be increased to 5% within the next six
    months. The possibilities for the stock are excellent.

    Lawson Development Suffers for Power

    Ground Prouing up Nicely but Slowly Rapid Development Impossible for 2 months
    The lack of power is greatly hindering the development work on the Lawson Mine. Up
    to the present time their only power supply has been received from the compression on
    the University Mine, another of the company's holdups buy this is very inadequate allowing
    about 3 drills.
    The company has enough ground opening up, and if power were available, room could be
    made for half dozen drills. The latest reports from the Montreal River Power Company
    is that power will not be in the camp for a couple of months anyway so it is not likely
    that development work will be carved on in large way on the Lawson this year.
    The main surface development work of the month was the locating of the large
    vein near the Foster Property.
    This vein has been stripped nearly 200 feet to the east, and is still holding its
    width and values altho where first struck the vein has its widest showing of plate Silver
    In the next 100 feet the vein will cross the road and according to the present measurement
    it will probably turn out to be a continuation of No. 11 vein, a parallel to their
    original silver sidewalk.
    At the present end of the trench the company are taking out a large quantity of Black
    muck. At the bottom of this surface if they haven early 2 ft. of vein matter that
    shows cobalt bloom profusely. Just previous to its running into the deep ground where
    this black muck was taken out, the vein had split into five separate stringers, each
    showing, native silver, with the wall rock will mineralized. At one point there is a
    solid showing of silver for a with of 5 inches.
    Work is being carried on underground in four shafts on the property at the present
    time, the old Silver Leaf shaft No 8. Keewatin and the main shaft.
    The main shaft is down 90 feet and has been timbered preporatory to the starting of
    a drift on the main property. The vein was caught a few weeks ago in a 20 ft.
    crosscut to the east of the shaft. It shows 10 inches in width of calcity smaltite and
    native silver. Driving to the inadequate means of handling the ore until the completion
     a large ore house the vein has been left standing on the wall of the crosscut, but
    upon the ore house it will be worked by means of a drift. Towards the north-east the
    drift carried along in the richest ore shoot ever known in the cobalt camp.
    The compressed air is now promised to the middle of January by the contractors, and the
    more conservative predictions are that Cobalt mines will be using the new power by 1st
    of Feb. at the latest. About 5,000 horsepower will be available.



    Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski
    Date of  interview: March 13, 1972
    Time: 1 1/4 hrs

    1. Yvette Lacroix (Mrs. Gerald)
    2. Yvette Marchand
    3.
    4. 26 Cobalt St. Cobalt
    5. 679-5729
    6. 48
    7. Guigue, Quebec, across the Lake
    8. Mother Quebec, Father U.S.A.
    9. Guigue
    10. 1959
    11. Car
    12. South 11 B lived in Earlton for 14 yrs.
    13. 6 of us
    14. Grocery clerk
    15. Never worked
    16. Butcher
    17. Housewife work part time at Hospital
    18. Didn't like Cobalt, It wasn't pretty
    19.  awful, now its better
    20. My husbands work was here
    21.
    22.
    23.
    24. Large wooden frame house on Nickel Street
    25. family
    26. taps in house
    27. electricity
    28. Gas Stove
    29. Floor  furnace
    30. Same as there is now
    31.Play cards, dice with friends, 2 or 3 times a week
    32. Slide on hills, skate
    33.
    34. 10 yrs.
    35. Bus, cars
    36. Dr. Dunning
    37. none, have to go to Haileybury
    38. Haileybury Hospital
    39.
    40. going to school
    41.
    42.
    43.
    44. My father was a farmer
    45.
    slacks
    46.dress, pant suit
    47 .church visit relatives
    48. Family picture's we took a picture a few days before my dad died. Have a lamp and a blanket from home
    49. The friendliness
    50. everybody's friendly. I like Cobalt now very much so do my children
    51.Tore down old houses, others repaired and remodel old houses. The town just seems to to be cleaned up
    52.
    53.
    54.
    55.
    yes
    56. Would like to see more work for the men and young people. There is definitely nothing
    for the young people

    57. summer
    58. Make own entertainment we don't go out. unless we have visitors
    59. knit, reading
    60. I do know they will have to do something. Its not funny when the men and teenagers
    can't get work. My husband works steady, He is a butcher. If the mines would open
    there would be a lot more work and business open up. Would like to see silver refined,
    concentrated and finished into products shipped from there. See the smelter open
    again anything to make more job

    61.Tourists
    62.  Miners festival, old mines. Bass Lake good beaches, fishing, hunting, Museum and good
    sight seeing.





    Simone Bedard        April 12, 1972 

    1. Denis Larabie
    4. Nipissing Property Cobalt
    5. 679-5994
    6. 42 yrs. old
    7. I was born in Cobalt
    8. My dad was born in Perkins Mill, Que my mother was born in Pointe Gatineau,Que
    9. 11Y parents were married in Pointe Gatineau and came to Cobalt from there
    10. I was born in Cobalt
    11.
    12.
    13. We were 8 children in our family
    14. My father was a farmer and a bush contractor
    15.
    16.
    17.
    18.
    19. As a child I remember Cobalt as a striving little town with a lot of stores
    21. The mines were very busy, the railroad was quite busy with two express offices, we had a pop factory, there was three banks and there was a lot of spare time jobs.
    22. In those days the men worked around 10 hours a day
    23. Wages may have been around $12. or $15. a week depending on the type of work you were in.
    24. Our first home was a two storey frame house in mileage 104, we had a kitchen living room, dining room, and 4 bedrooms upstairs
    25. We had a Christmas tree, not many toys but a lot of food. We'd hang our stockings and get oranges, apples and a few candies
    26 & 27. We got our water in a well about 50 ft. from the house and for lighting we had coal oil amps.
    28. I remember we had a great big eight ring McLary kitchen stove
    29. We had a Quebec heater for the winter months.
    30. I remember Rava's, Vellis's, The Farmer's Market, Sam Buckovetsky, TBS and many more stores.
    31. We had an outside Band Stand on the square, theaters, the skating rink and recreation at the YMCA sponsored by the town, school concerts & plays
    32. We played hockey & ball
    33 & 34. Yes and I went as far as grade 11
    35. I remember when we had streetcars, horse buggie and automobiles
    36. The first Doctor that I can remember is Dr. Dunning
    37. I would say that the facilities were fair for those days
    38. . Our first child was born in the Haileybury Hospital
    39 & 40. Peter went to grade 10 in High School and then worke the pop factory Bernard, Danny, Claire & David are still attending school.
    42. The contests were hand steeling & Hand mucldng.
    43 & 44. Meat, potatoes, vegetables and desserts.
    45. work shirt, jeans & boots
    46. On Sundays we'd wear out suits, shirts, ties or dress pants
    47. We'd go to church then we'd go visiting or spend the afternoon with parents playing cards or games.
    49 & 50. I like the friendliness of the people I was learned & raised here, and I think I understand the problems of the people here. I have my
    home family, friends and also a business here.
    51. I like the idea of the parks in town, they are beautifying our town a little bit, I also like the snow removal system that was started this past
    winter, I agree with their plan of cleaning up main street and renovating the town itself.
    52. Losing most of the businesses, the Long Distance Telephone, the Express & Freight from the ONR and the pop factory.
    53 & 54. I don't like the attitude of the business men in Cobalt, there's no incentive for our young people in town, I feel that they are being ignored I feel that the business men in town here are all eccentric, I guess that they think the town & country owes them a living, they have a down and out attitude. The failure of qualified men for municipal duties. I think the recreation committee should be voted upon at election time and not appointed
    55 & 56 I would like to see more qualified people in town, such as doctors, dentists, lawyers a resident geologist & qualified mechanic. An expansion of existing businesses, an industry of any kind would be a great help to the community.
    57.&58. I enjoy fall the most. Hiking, swimming, playing ball, bowling any particular sport as a participant.
    59. I enjoy reading, music & hiking.
    60. there's only one thing that I can see, the price of silver, and lack of industry.
    61. Young adventurous person with a degree or business sense. Any person that has faith in the North Country.
    62. Presently, not too much friendship, mining history of the town and a very good mining museum, and our scenic country side.

    Highlights

    As far as the Regional School is concerned I think its a good thing for the
    child himself, he has a better teaching staff, better facilities, better
    equipment, more modern way of teaching. I feel that with bus travelling the
    kids are better supervised this from the time they leave in the morning until
    they return at night. I don't think its a deterrent to their education.
    I think the government should channel some of their small industries up north
    in our district, we could try a silversmith industry, we could promote
    tourism for a small portion of the year.
    We should have training facilities here to help keep our younger generation
    in the north, job opportunities, right now are low, the wages are fair but
    not the best.
    Private enterprise should be governed by a board to coincide with the cost of living in our district.
    Recreation is what you make it. Our young people should be taken into consideration regarding recreation.


    Lucy Damiani April 18,1972
    Time:   2:30 - 3:45

    1. Romeo Ronald Larabie
    2. Agnes Bosselle (wife)
    3. 10 Third Street
    4. 679-5985
    5. Not employed registered as superintendant of buildings or supervisor of
    cleaning staff or security guard - experience in all these fields
    6. Born in Cobalt
    7. mother and father both come from Buckingham
    8. Married - 3 children
    9. I am 57 Jears old - born Oct. 1915
    10. Impressions:  Cobalt has always been hopeful it has never gotten to the
    ghost town stage as many people refer it to. You have always been able to make
    a living. We came back here from Ottawa 2 years ago and found by comparison
    that the cost of food was lower here than in the city, but the rentals are higher
     - especially for a small town this surprised us - as we thought it would the other way around. I am now living in a 5 room house quite comfortable but $125. per month plus fuel, electricity and other expenses. This I find quite high.
    Education: I think the educational system has gone haywire we are building
    newer, larger school and centralizing in areas outside of towns where the
    students have to be bussed to get to classes. What are they going to do with
    the old schools? We could use these buildings for senior citizen housing or
    they could be used for technical schools or specialized courses even Manpower
    training centres. Right now a fellow taking a Manpower training course has to
    go to Timmins or Sudbury - there should be another in this area.
    Unemployment: Perhaps our unemployment picture doesn't look too bright but I
    think its because of small market demand for silver - subsidizing silver doesn't
    help as the same picture arises - rather we do need another industry or
    smaller industries but what kind could we bring in,
    industries located in Liskeard so why couldn't we have these instead of
    everything going to Liskeard - some available jobs in Haileybury or Cobalt are
    being given to Liskeard our schools are located in or around New Liskeard.
    Soon a large hospital will be built on the by-pass close to New Liskeard. They
    have already acquired our Hydro office. Long distance telephone, telegram
    service, mail service, freight and express service why can't we locate these
    job possibilities. We have same facilities here, water, power, location.
    Cobalt is small but we have come a long way. We are getting grants and
    giving people city facilities in water electricity, good municipal government
    with garbage and snow removal. We have a good Mayor and council going for it.
    Just a few years ago there was a business men's council which perhaps
    blocked more businesses coming in rather than encourage small business enterprise.
    Recreation: Our miners festival is an attraction but we are holding it too
    often and also for too long (10 days). This year many towns people that I've
    talked to feel we should contentrate in an all out effort for next year
    1973. Our 70th anniversary. I think a recreation program is both wonderful
    and essential for young and adults. We should be able to get a good director
    for the money we pay. What we desperately need is a place for older people and
    younger people to meet discuss their problems play cards or compare needs
    and have someone listen to them. We could use the lounge at the community
    Hall with someone in charge and perhaps everyday for certain periods
    such a spot would be very helpful. I have had this brought to my attention
    often & so I'm passing it on to you hoping it we will get to the proper channels,
    There has been such a noticeable improvement in the general appearance
    of the town since I'm back I can see the difference from 11 years ago,
    when I left here. New parks, new subdivision, more houses going up, the
    downtown section is being renovated, very good for the town and also a note
    of congratulations to the two newest business - new Red & White Tressider
    Bros. store and our new motel, which is a tremendous addition to the
    business section. So why not go along with these business men encourage
    advocate in any way we can till we build up our shopping area too many
    people are going out of town now for clothing, drugs, dentists, doctors,
    and many more. We have need of all these if we are to create a livelier
    town. I would like to make a suggestion - could not the town get out and
    sweep the ·sidewalks wash away some of the dirt and make the business places
    keep their own premises clean. This would further add to the good looks of
    the town rather than detract from them. I came back to Cobalt because its
    my home town. My relatives and friends are here and after 11 years of city
    rat race I couldn't take it anymore. My father was a subcontractor in the
    early days and contracted for Murphy Lumber Mill every fall he went into the
    bush and came home in the spring.
    Entertainment: In our young days, we had more going for us than the youth
    of to-day. We made our own fun by sucker and smelt fishing, skating,
    toboganning, skating, sleigh riding and in summer the gang used to go to
    Pete Lake. We always played baseball and hardball. My father sponsored a
    ball team at Mileage 104 for about 10 years. We used to go to Ville Marie,
    Guige, North Temiskaming and won tournaments quite often. I worked in
    Ottawa from 1960 to 1971 .doing mostly superintendent work in large
    buildings - was in charge of employees - maintenance crews etc. Didn't
    enjoy city living - my wife and I are much happier here. I watch TV, bowl,
    curl, like to fish and hunt. We have all the facilities needed for both
    summer and winter sports or other activities so we should develop a year
    round tourist program. There's a beautiful spot at Cross Lake with its
    three adjoining lakes, Cross Lake 1-2-3 they could buftla motel or hotel on
    the shores of the lake and the ski, snowmobile hills there are excellent.
    My one dream is to see this little town of ours get ahead. We never seem
    to get too much help and we've always been self-sustaining but there comes a
    time when you need something else for the economy and livelihood of good
    old Cobalt.

    In his interview ~~. Larabie forgot these suggestions-
    He thinks the appearance of the down town area would further be enhanced if Council
    put into effect disposal containers in different locations through town, he feels people
    would use these to dispose of their refuse rather than litter the streets. We did have these disposal containers I remember in 1970. I  don'tknow why the town is not making them available again. Also it might be suggested each place of business could keep their own
    premises clean and swept up with further co-operation any section of town not just the down town could be kept cleaner. Now Lucy,l noticed two buildings boarded up down town right by the bank.
    One is the old Canadian Furniture Building and the other is Hermiston's
    museum, they do not help the appearance of the nice new buildings on that ,street.
    Both their windows are broken so often especially, Mr. Herrniston told me himself he was so
    discouraged he might not put in windows again. I have approached him on suggestion by
    other people than yourself, names withheld, that he put his windows back in and I also
    -----passed along your suggestion that he open up charge say maybe 50¢ admission, and possibly
    pass out to the vistors some little souveneir of their Visit, perhaps a booklet postcard
    idea with pictures of area or a little postcard with name of Hermiston Museum and a small
    rock sample or such item, he has so many interesting pieces in his display it's a shame
    to see them Iocked up.
    Well Lucy I guess that winds up my ideas for Cobalt. I came back here to live as
    I said before because the town is still in my blood and it's got to the friendiest in
    the country. I like to see it looking nice and developing and I'm proud to be part of it.
    Footnote:
    I want to thank  Mr. Larabie for his many useful comments which I have personally
    passed along and also the wonderful co-operation it made my interview most interesting.


    Simone Bedard

    April 21, 1972   

    1. Viola Leblanc
    2.Neddo
    3. Nipissing Property
    4.  679-5505
    5. Housewife
    6. North Cobalt
    7. Mom was born in Shawville Quebec
    8.Married
    9. 42 yrs. old
    10.  It's not bad but if it could get going again it would be nice.
    I'd hate to have grade 13 removed from Cobalt High School as this would be the first
    step to having our high school close up.
    I don't think it's right to have children travelling out of town when we have school
    facilities here.
    When the government is giving grants for every other thing I can't see why they wouldn't
    do something to help Cobalt to open up some of the mines.
    Right now jobs are sparse in Cobalt. We should have some kind of training school that
    would train our young people in different trades. I think the wages could be better.
    I think if someone would start a shoe store or a children's wear they could make a go
    of it.
    We should have better recreation facilities for young children and if we could get a
    baseball league going for young boys this would be a good improvement.
    11. We should have a drugstore in town, if you need a prescription or something in that line
    you either have to go to Haileybury or New Liskeard, and it's not always easy if you don't
    have a car. we would also need another doctor and a dentist as it takes a long time to get an
    appointment with the dentist. When we had the V. O. N. nurse in Cobalt they would come and
    check on my son who is invalid and now if something comes up it is more trips to the doctors
    or hospital to have things looked after. It would be nice to have more stores and to have
    the police back in town also, if we had the police it might stop some of the vandalism
    around here.



    1. Alma Lefebvre
    3. Alma Gagne
    4. Galena, Cobalt
    5. 679-8190
    7. I was born in Joliette Que
    8. My parents were also born in Joliette Que
    9. They were living in St. Alphonse, then they moved to Ville-Marie Que and then dad had a
    farm on brown island before coming to Cobalt
    10. I came to live in Cobalt in 1926 or 1927
    11. We crossed Lake Temiskaming on the Temiskaming Boat
    13. When my parents came to the Temiskaming area they had 6 children
    14. We were married in Ville Marie and lived on Brown Island for about a year, then we lived
    in Guigues for about 6months before coming to live on a farm in Martineau Bay. My husband
    was a farmer
    15. When I came to Cobalt I worked for about one year and then I opened a small shop in my
    home, as a matter of fact its the same house where I'm living now, 25 Galena, I'm a
    seamstress by trade and I did sewing during 36 years. I sewed until 6 years ago.
    16.
    17.
    18. When we came to Cobalt it was that I liked it and the people as they were very friendly
    19. When we came to Cobalt it was very dull, there were a lot of houses for sale, I bought my
    house for $35 dollars
    21. We were waiting for the mines to open. We came to Cobalt as we had a lot of friends here,
    we knew a lot of people from the market days. When we came there wasn't much work
    available I was a seamstress and my friends and acquaintances never let me down, this
    is how I made my living until six years ago.
    22. I'd sew when I could sometimes until midnight
    23. In those days I would get paid $1.50 for making adress
    24. When I bought this house it was a mine shack it made partly of logs and wood frame,
    it had a kitchen, livingroom and one  bedroom
    25. I spent my first Christmas with my parents in Martineau Bay
    26. We had tap water in the house
    27. Also electricity
    28. I had a cook stove
    29. The house was small so the cook stove served the purpose for winter heating
    30.  When I came there was Sam Bucovetsky, TBS Mrs. Currie and many more stores
    31.
    32.
    33.
    34.
    35.  For transportation there were the street cars and horse and buggies.
    36. Dr. Joyal was my first doctor
    37. It was a miner's hospital,but
    my mother was a patient there and the doctors and nurses  were very good
    38. I never had any children
    40.
    41. I don't know as my father and husband never worked in the mines, they were farmers.  We would wear our nicest clothes, and in those days the ladies never wore slacks
    42.
    43.
    44.
    45.
    46.
    47. We'd go to church and then we'd visit our relatives and have supper with them or they would come here.
    48.
    49 & 50. I think Cobalt is looking pretty good now. I like Cobalt as its a friendly place
    and I've been here so long its simple its just home to me.
    51. Since our new 1Mayor Mr. Mathews, we've had a big change for the best, we have parks
     the streets are cleaner, they have a good clean-up every spring, the renovation of the
    Lang St. buildings. We needed a mayor to do something, one like we have today and I hope
    he will keep on working for Cobalt and that he will stay for a long time.
    52. The only thing was when the mines were going and the people were leaving, now everything
    is looking up again
    53. I like everything about Cobalt
    55. I would like to see the road water drain cleaned up in the front otmy house on Galena
    St as my house is very low and when the water rises in the Spring thaw or after a
    heavy ran it comes in to my basement and veranda and it does damage.
    57. I prefer summer, i have a cottage on Gillies Lake and like to go for boat rides and just
    being outside in the fresh air
    58.  My hobby now is working in my garden at the cottage, I make a vegetable garden and I also
    have flowers
    60. If the mines were producing more this would give work to our people.
    61. The mining museum and the mining tour are things that would very much interest tourists

    Highlights:

    My father Mr. Francis Gagne had a farm in Lorrainville and he would sell meat, butter,
    cream & buttermilk at the Haileybury market every Tuesday and to the Cobalt Market
    Friday's on Saturdays. He's done this for many years. He'd travel on the Temiskaming Boat
    from Spring until ice time. In winter he was a jobber in lumber camps in Goward or Temiskaming


    Joanna Stubinski February 21,1972.    4 - 5 p.m.
    1. Mrs. Colleen Legault
    2.
    3.Colleen Shaver
    4. 38 Baker St.,
    5. 8159
    6. 31
    7. 1940
    8. Haileybury
    9. North Cobalt
    10. 1961
    11. by car.
    12. Hwy. 11 B
    13. 4
    14. Mine
    15. married too young, at 14·, never worked
    16. unemployed miner
    17.Homemaker
    18. found the people friendly
    19. There was more work here then than there is now
    20. To make my home.
    21.
    the mines were working.
    22.
    23.
    24. Had a nice home
    25. Good X-mas, quiet
    26. Had it in the house
    27. Hydro
    28. Electric
    29. oil furnace
    30. T.B.S. Buckovetsky!s, Dominion Store, nearly every variety
    31. Shows
    32. Baseball, basketball, skating
    33. North Cobalt
    34. 8 years
    35. Bus, cars, trains, taxis
    37. Good
    38. Haileybury
    39. Still at school
    40.
    41.
    42.
    43. Good food
    44. Plenty of food
    45. Slacks
    46. Best clothes
    47. Sunday school and visiting
    48. Grandmothers wedning ring, my mother!s guitar
    49. I like Cobalt
    50  I like the people.
    51. Recreation centre, new parks and the way they cleaned them up.
    52. The mines closing and the work situation
    53. No.
    54. Yes
    55.
    56. See the mines open up some industry come in - a good steady pay roll.
    57. Summer
    ss. Swimming,fishing, broomball, skating, driving around.
    59. Knitting, read, paint sometimes.
    60. Definitely reopen the mines.
    61. The people that are here right now are contemplating on moving away to get work to try and maintain their homes.
    62. Miner's festival, good beaches, historic sites, fishing, boating, museum and the best hospitality in the north.

    HIGHLIGHTS

    There aren't any highlights in Colleen's interview, only the fact
    that she is very worried about the unemployment situation, as they
    just built a new home and her husband is out of work.


    Carmen Stubinski      May 27,1972           3 1/4

    1.
     Percy Lemon hours
    2. Red
    3.
    4. P.O. Box 255, Cobalt, Bass Lake Residence
    5.. 679-8674
    6. born in 1902
    7. born in Haileybury
    8. Mother was born in Shelbourne,Ont. Dad, Thomas Lemon born in London,England
    9. Collingwood. They were married there in 1895. Three years later they came to Haileybury 1898. They came by boat via Ottawa.
    10. Mattawa by rail, at Mattawa they got on "TheScotchman" a small steam boat
    from Mattawa up the Mattawa River, Lake Temiskaming on to Haileybury. There
    was no dock at Haileybury. The cattle aboard TheScotchman swam to shore.
    It wasn't ever dredged you had to push the cattle off the boat. The large
    pointers paddled you out and took passengers off the boat. Dad worked on boats
    on the Great Lakes. He was a stationery engineer. He went into lumbering on
    the John Batiste River towards Elk Lake. I remember crossing logs on the river
    one the spring. Dad nearly had a fit and took me off. He went surveying after
    that on the Lake road survey from Haileybury to the Montreal River at the
    Matabitchewan. I saw the old lake road at the Matabitchewan at McLaren's Bay.
    It climbed the enbankment, it went south of the Mat. After I sold my business
    I went to the Mat and operated a tourist camp for Hutchison from Renden.
    Club owners, private parties. Our first home was behind the Haileybury Hotel
    on Broadway St. C.C. Farr was the man that promoted Canada in England. Whey
    they sold 160 acres for 50 cents in this area. Atkinsons, Cobbels and Blackwalls
    come from England on the Programe. C.C.Farr started the Haileyburian Newspaper.
    He was quite interested and took a very active part in organizing the town of
    Haileybury. He was interested and worked for the Hudson Bay Co. at the old
    mission, before he was married. He bought and sold for them as a young man.
    Dad (Tom Lemon) started to work for the town of Haileybury, he and C.C.Farr
    were very good friends. It was in the early 1900 or 1901.
    Herb Day was the first town clerk. The pump house was located at the foot of
    Browning Street, the pumping station was on the main ground. The floor was
    elevated a bit at the back of it.They had a little room at the back with 2
    desks, one for Dad town engineer and the other for Herb Day town clerk.
    When they put the water and sewage in the Town of Haileybury they brought
    in Italians who lived in tents. The lines were all dug up by hand. Dad planned
    and mapped the water lines. Mr. Joe Police helped dad. Joe was town foreman
    for years.
    Dad was town engineer till he was 80 years old. He died at 89 at my
    sisters in Winnipeg. After the little 3 room house they built a large
    frame house on Probyn St. It burnt. It was one of the last houses to burn in
    the October 4, 1922 fire, The wind changed from the south to the north. The
    north end of Haileybury was cut off from the switch of wind. It burnt the
    south end of Haileybury. Dad was very interested in organizing a fire hall.
    He was one of the first to volunteer, they built a small hall, later when the
    fire hall was enlarged and in the new building. Ike Quinn was first fire
    chief. The truck driver was George Minacher Dad was pump man. They had a steam
    pump on the fire truck, supplied with coal. Later they got a newer fire truck,
    where water pressure was low or on a high hill or across the track. These 3
    men were appointed to look after this. Later 1910-11 as a hobby the 3 of them
    got interested in prospecting. They formed a company. In spare time prospected
    in Kirkland Lake area before there was any Kirkland Lake. They staked a group
    of claims called Minacher property. The same year they staked a fraction of a
    claim close to Kirkland Lake. It was open dad was always watching for claims
    to come open. They had a deal claims just at the time the 1914 war started,
    They had a deal with an English firm. When the war started everything was
    cancelled. During the war, the next year the fraction of the claim they had
    staked. Dad was approached by Harry Oakes and interests they wanted to buy the
    post claim dad had power of attorney to will, Dad sold it to Harry Oakes,
    That partition claim was where Lake Shore mine made its find. Dad was asked
    many times why did you sell, why didn't you keep it, or at least keep an interest.
    He kept saying I'm satisfied. Ike Quinn went overseas 159 Batallion. He
    didn't come back from war. After the 1922 fire dad rebuilt large house on
    Probyn St. There were 5 of us children Ray, Stan, Russ, ~ Percy and Irene.
    Public school in Haileybury one year High School. Finished my education in
    Collingwood Collegiate, Came back to Haileybury in 1918 went to work for A.J.
    Carson on delivery with horse, wagon or sleigh. Worked that winter delivering
    by horse as far as the splint factory. There was a little Indian settlement
    there at Moore's Cove. It was quite a settlement. It was no fun handling  100
    Ibs. of flour, potatoes. Worked all winter delivery, got promoted in spring
    as clerk in the spring. A.J.Carson had high quality goods imported food certain
    times of the year. Business men in town would grubstake different prospectors.
    send them to our store, food was all bulk, we'd pack the food in cotton sacks.
    5 Ib  size beans, rice, cornmeal, rolled oats and put in pack sack, side
    bacon, triple wrapping. The only cans were jam and tobacco They would grubstake
    up to $50 for so many days. The packing in pack sack blankets against
    their back. Side of bacon against the cotton bags on foot of pack sack. After
    the 1922 fire I came to Cobalt 2 days later I was asked to give out fire
    relief rations, food, blankets, even liquor supposedly for medicinal purposes.
    There were 2 or 3 of us working there, supplies came from Toronto, tons and
    tons of stuff. I came to work for Pete McKewen Dec. 1,1922. It was right in
    the building; on the corner where the park is today , Pete was working for Pipe
    and Presley as clerk their store was approximately where Brosko Shoe repair
    is today. Pipe was left to carry on alone. Pete bought him out. Pete had a
    wonderful personality. It was the Nipissing block then (.Stadelman Block)
    There were 3 stores there. Pete had the corner store in 1920. Grocery store
    only, no meats. There were lots of butcher shops here then. He carried bacon
    and sausages only. I stayed with Pete 14 years then I went on my own. I
    married Edith Garvin from New Liskeard. 1923.  I took over Bill Ross's store
    on the corner of Nickel and Prospect in 1936. It was depression years. It
    was a push push, but I had good help.  All thG Tressider boys, Stan, Ivan,
    Ernie and George worked for me at different times. In 1948 my wife and I
    planned a trip out west to Vancouver Island. I left Ivan in charge of the store, we were away 6 weeks. When we came back the store was redecorated,
    painted reorganized. Stock that hadn't moved Ivan moved it. I was very much
    surprised and appreciated what Ivan had done. I had a home on Ruby Street the
    one Paul Hermiston owns today. We decided to sell our home make an apartment
    and live above the store. We had 3 children, 1 girl, 2 boys, Doris, Mrs. Robert
    Hunter, after she graduated from High School, she trained as a nurse at East
    General Hospital, Toronto, graduated as R.N with honours. Peter lives in New
    Liskeard works for Rexwood, he went with them when they started. Donald joined
    the army when he was 16 years old. He can get full retirement from the army
    next year. He is on loan now to CIDA, Narobi Kenya to instruct and teach in
    vocational school for 2 years. He's now 38 years old. I am semi-retired in
    1952, sold my business to the Tressider brothers. For my wife's health sake
    she became sick. We moved permanently to Bass Lake to make it a permanent home
    there. Since I have retired we winter in Florida for the  last 20 years.
    She wanted to come home so bad:in 1970 we were in Florida. She was an invalid so
    sick. We got back the end of April 1970. She died May 22,1970. I served on the
    Cobalt High School Board for 12 years, was a Kiwanis member.. I'm not active
    anymore. I worked on Giduin work, on crippled children work for years. Doris
    and Donald were born in Cobalt at home on Ruby St- Peter was born in New
    Liskeard. Cobalt is my home base. It has memories. I was brought up in a town
    of different classes, Cobalt never had that. Its got friendliness. You always
    see someone you know on the street. Its a mining town, anyone living here or
    has lived here knows what I mean. People are natural, nothing put on. They are
    themselves. The greatest thing today is tourist attractions this Cobalt has.
    There must be living accomodations available. Plus interests for everyone
    Planning and arrangements must be made to entertain and accomodate these people.
    With the historical background of Cobalt and area, this can and should be made
    possible. The scenery on Lake Temiskaming is beautiful. Boat rrips can be
    arranged. If a book is made or whatever becomes of this restoration program
    maps should be drafted, put in book or places where people can come and see
    or read them. This would include Tri-Town area street car line, old route
    New Liskeard to Giroux Lake. Busy corner, Drummond Cairn, old mines, Old
    Mission, All former areas of points of interest should be brought out on a map


     Mr. Lemon thinks this is a wonderful programme. Its been a long time in all
    his travels no one had every approached him in years to talk about Haileybury
    and Cobalt.


    Simone Bidard
    Interview
    April 21,,1972


    1. Theodore Leonard Matilda Leonard
    2. Ted
    4. 6-5th Street
    5. 679-5542
    6. I was 70 yrs. old on Oct. 9
    7. I was born in St-Jovite Que
    8. My mother in St. Jovite I think dad was born in St. Marguerite
    9. We came to Cobalt from St. Jovite in 1905. Matilda: My family
    came to Cobalt from Masson in 1908 dad came here before us. He was a prospector
    he sold one of his claims and built a house on Second St. and then sent for us
    11. We came by train
    13. Ted: When we came to Cobalt we were five children
    Matilda: Whan we came to Cobalt we were six children
    14. Ted: My dad was a miner
    15. Ted: My parents operated a boarding house for many yrs. my mother
    worked part-time as a cleaning woman at the Cobalt station
    16. In 1916 I tried to enlist in the army, I was in the office when my mother
    passed on the street and saw me, she came in the office and took me out of
    there as I was only 15 yrs. old and did she ever give the officer a blast. I
    wanted to join the army cause I wanted to play the bugle.
    19. In 1905 it was starting out but it got bigger as the yrs passed
    20. My dad came to work here as a miner
    21. It was practically all mining
    22. In the early days men worked 10 hrs. a day
    23. When i started to work in the mine in 1918 I was getting 2.75 a day as a
    mucker. A maching helper was paid 3.00 a day
    24. Ted: Our first home was a log house on the corner of Park and Watson St
    Matilday: Our first home was a frame house on Second St.
    25. Ted: We celebrated on New Yrs. and I can remember one of our boarders.
    He had bought me an Indian doll, in my stocking they would put candies an
    apple or orange and on top of this they would put potatoe peelings.
    Matilda: We had a christmas tree and we'd hang our stockings and we'd
    get apple oranges and doll.
    26. Ted: My dad had two teams of horses and two big water tanks one sleigh
    or wagon depending on the season and he sold water from house to house
    27. Coal oil lamps
    28. Wood stoves
    29. Box stoves, and turtle coal heater, this was a furnace with the print oj
    a turtle on it.
    30. There were lots of stores and we had butcher shops with sawdust on the
    floor.
    31. We had six theaters there was the Harmony dance hall we had a ball
    ground on Swamp st aro und hudson Bay road
    32. I played baseball
    33. yes
    35. Horse and buggy or sleigh. The streetcars started in 1910-11.
    37. It was good as far as I'm concerned
    36. Dr. Taylor and Dr. Mitchell were our family ~octor
    38. Our children were all born in Cobalt
    38. Rene went to grade 11 and went to work as a pln boy and handy boy at the
    bowling alley in Matachewan. Irene went to grade 9 and worked at a store in
    Matachewan she was 15. Jeanne went to grade 8 then went to night school she
    works part time in a store in Fort Erie. Rita went through high school and
    went to work for Mr. Shaw's drugstore in Cobalt
    41. In 1910-11 they built the air pipeline to Ragged Chute to furnish air
    to the mines.
    42. Hand steeling contest, mucking and drilling contests
    44. We had stews, soup meat, potatoes, and veg.
    45. Ladies wore cotton dresses, Men wore the same as today.
    46. On sunday we'd wear out our best dresses. When I was a little boy I
    wore pants that went down to the knees, something like knee knockers, shirts
    and knee socks.
    47. We'd go to church then we'd take walks, play cards or we'd play crocket
    or horse shoe
    48. no
    50. I think it's the cheapest place to live as far as taxes and water rates
    are concerned. I was raised here. I went away to work for a few yrs. but then
    I came back to Cobalt, to me this is home.
    55. We haven't got enough work
    56. Summer as I enjoy fishing
    57.My hobby is bowling
    I go to bingoes I play cards with a group of ladies. I belong to Women's
    institute, Legion Auxilary and the Dames Chretiennes
    60. What we need is a second industry, with the price of silver it's hard for
    the mines to keep going
    61. Mining museum, mining tour and fishing.



    I started working in the mines when I was 17 yrs. old and I worked in
    them for close to 24 yrs.
    We had the Orphium theater, the Grand Opera House, The Princess, Empire
    and Bijou.
    We had a French school and church approximately behind where the Bijon
    theater was.
    When my dad worked in the mines, the men used candles for lighting, they
    were placed on a candle holder that had a handle at one end. A pick at the
    other. This could be hooked on your hat or you could put the pick in a crack
    in the wall.
    In 1919 Cobalt had it's first strike and the silver went up to almost
    $1.45 an ounce and every time the price of silver went up a certain amount
    they would give us a raise. Once mines even hired men to play hockey.
    The national hockey association started in Cobalt in 1910, some of the
    teams were The Canadians, the Renfrew Millionaires, the Toronto Shamrocks.
    Mrs. Duval had a dance school in thebasement of Stadelman's store
    Some of the teachers at the French school in the first yrs. were Miss
    Gauthier, Miss Roberge and Miss Lafond
    Miners would pay 1 dollar a month for doctor and Hospital service.
    We put our meat in crocks and put them in the cellars to keep it fresh.
    Some people had ice boxes and you could buy ice at I0¢ a block
    When I went to school I wore a white ·pinafore over my dress and mom use
    to have to starch it.
    When I was a little boy I remember the men wearing rubber collars, a spa
    coat and beige striped pants.
    We were married at Ste Theresa Church in Cobalt by father Courbon on
    May 24th, 1921. We celebrated our 50th wedding anniversary last yrs.


    Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski
    March 9, 1972

    1. Mrs. Herb Light
    2. Rosetta
    3. Haffmen
    4. 679-5762
    5. 46 Grandview
    6, 71
    7. London England
    8. Both in London, England
    9. England
    10. Father came in 1904 to build railroad, lived in Latchford and Gillies, Dad was section
    foreman in 1906 moved to Cobalt in 1912.
    11. Train from Gillies
    12. T.N&O
    13. 5
    14. Her husband was a miner came in 1907
    15. Rose worked at Hotel in New Liskeard at old Grand Union
    16. dead
    17. retired and housekeeper
    18. Over twenty thousand people really guite exciting
    19. Busy I stores from one end of town to other, everyone went to the station to see the
    train come in. Thousands of people at station. When they lived in Gillies they
    would walk to Cobalt. to shop then take the train back. Always wrent into the ice cream
    parlour, before going home. There was one every second door. A Real treat
    20. Father went to work, in mine mill at 104 when family moved
    21.Mining logging store clerks
    22.9 hrs. a day Dad word
    23. $4.25 per day
    24. Quite exciting had water in the house for 5irst time. It was on Park st, 3 bedrooms
    upstairs.
    25. Can't remember too much, but always got average amount of presents
    26. In Gillies, had a pump close to house water came form Montreal River
    27. Gillies, coal oil lamps, Hydro in Cobalt
    28. Wood stove
    29. Wood and coal
    30. Every kind you can imagine. McDirmids had high fashions that came from New York
    31. 5 theatres, live shows, opera House, always went to everything that she got a chance
    to. Vaudeville shows, medicine men, with trucks selling, medicine and preaching
    32.no used to watch girls play hockey
    33. went to school in Latchford by train sometimes walked
    34. 6 yrs. also continuation school for 2 yrs.
    35. Trains, horsed, boats to Temiskaming from Haileybury, street cars, that ran every 5
    minutes, Tommy Duncan had first car in Cobalt
    36. Dr. Taylor
    37. nice little hospital, miners hospital  myhusband went in 1917 with phneumonia Miss Reed and
    Miss Dwyer nursed there. Doc. Fields was the orderly there his sons still live in
    Cobalt. It costs $1.50 a day to stay in hospital.
    38. All born in Cobalt 3
    39. All went to university. Doug, 21 Bachelor of Science 22 Masters
    Ralph and Wally joined Air force was overseas 5 yrs. then they both went to university
    40.
    41. just mines, lovely buildings, also watched them burn down
    42. Drilling, mucking, hand drilling at the old Ball Park
    43. Served good meals in camps served a lot of sow belly pork, ate heavy meals and deserts
    44. Substantial meals
    45. long dresses just above the ankle high button boots
    46. If they went to Church wore their Sunday best
    47. Went to Church, Glady's Jones father had a dairy, everyone gathered there Sunday night
    to sing hymns. If you were lucky enough to have a boyfriend the fellow got a buggy
    for 50¢ an hour, and went for rides
    48.  not a treasure keeper, gives it all away
    49. nothing in the summer night give a different answer
    50.
    51. Can't think of anything she felt happy about
    52. Friendship is gone, whole like built around themselves
    53. Don't like carnival, People should be free to choose stores they want in town, should
    be more public participation too much underhand work going on.
    54. answered in 53
    55. yes
    56. Senior citizens home built
    57. Summer
    58.bingos
    59. watching television used to do fancy work
    60. men to get out of town and work men are just too lazy
    61. no one
    62. nothing, in the line of shopping, museum tours.
    Mrs. Light, speaks her mind as you can see. She says she will not stay another winter in
    her home, she wishes the senior citizens home would be built soon


    Lucy Damiani March24,1972
    7:15 -8:45

    1. Gilbert L. Lonsdale
    2. Blanche Aistrop (wife)
    3. 38 Earl St.
    4. 679-5934
    5. Retired, but would work part time if work available
    6. Buckingham, Quebec
    7. Buckingham , Quebec
    8. Married 4 boys, Bob , Fred, Bruce, Jim
    9. 76 years old
    10. I think if we don't do something about the situation in Cobalt we are
    in serious trouble. The Smelter has closed there are only 2 mines
    operating. The foundry is petering out and all the business places are
    suffering from the lack of money. A secondary industry would help.
    We certainly need something else besides mining.I am not in favour
    of regional schools and bussing children out of town when we
    have schools right here in Cobalt which they may be closing up. I don't
    think Queen's Park realizes the distance some of these students are going
    The Temagami grade 13 are going to New Liskeard which is an all round
    trip of about 80 miles. Couldn't they attend the Cobalt school. Lets face
    it we don't have the population up north for these regional schools.
    Also these students stand a better chance to learn in a smaller school,
    rather than larger schools where teachers don't even know some of their
    students. Our local high school has produced a higher percentage of
    "high caliber" students than most schools around us. I think the mines
    in Cobalt are work
    ed out or as the saying goes "raped" Too many small
    companies and leasers have been allowed to take out the best of ore
    or clean out the metal and leave the property in a shambles , They closed
    our smelter and it could be utilized for a factory or even a smelter as
    it was - here again we have this industry right in town .They let them,
    companies ship ore out of town and now its closed , This has at its best
    employed over 100 men. Our municipality should definitely approach
    government for a feasible solution to our needs if we are to survive.
    There are no job opportunities for the young so they leave town and
    look  for work eLsewhe re, Here again we should develop a program for summer
    course for the young and adults. We have the facilities, schools, large
    public community centre. If we could encourage the government to give
    more people coming into Coba lt , living here, spending money here, would
    boost our economy.
    I came to Cobalt in 1902 with my mother, brother Cal and sisters Millieand
    Daisie.  My father had come to New Liskeard in 1898 'with two of my older brothers
    Sam & John. My father was working as a lumberjack in the bush around New
    Liskeard and my two brothers worked with him.
    When I arrived with the family we all went to live with my brother Sam, who
    had a home. Six months later we all moved to a house Dad had bought at
    Hudson's Bay Road. It was flooded out soon after, when the Coniagas Mine and
    Hudson Bay Mine were working near the homes on their property , They had a
    large pile of sand earth piled up and when the mines were being watered out
    the sand caved in and the water of flooded out 20 homes in the area.  We
    lost everything so my father bought the house we are now living in from Bob
    Thompson, who owned quite a bit of property here. There is a small street
    running from Esso Station up to the first corner that was named Thompson
    Street. My father passed away in 1925 he worked for the town of Cobalt when
    we moved here for about 8 years driving a team of horses
    In the meantime I had gone out west to farm in Alberta for 9 years, when
    my father passed away I came home for the funeral and stayed here with my mother
    My first job was night watchman at the Bilsky Block before it burned down in
    1926 then I took odd jobs as a cook, pipefitter, carpentry work and
    any job I could get. Jobs were getting scarce as it was coming close to the
    depression. I was able to get work on the town crew as maintenance man and this
    I held until 1938. There were politics involved and I lost my job. I was unemployed
    for six months and hired at the Cobalt. Foundry as a core maker and
    was there until my retirement in 1969.
    I saw 3 big fires on Lang Street area since I came to Cobalt. Also the
    Bilsky Block there was a large Hotel burned down where the Dominion store and
    T.T.L. are. In August 1962 the Scullino block burnt and took with it
    Lowery's wholesale, Perini's Bakery Shop and the Hawken residence and wall paper
    shop. In those days 1906 the area known as Argentite street was just a
    muddy hole and swamp ,  later it was all built up hotels,  rooming houses, opera
    house and dance hall. The first bank in here was Bank of Commerce and it was a
    tent where the ONR station is today. Before Lang street burnt it was a narrow
    dirt road  and if two teams of horses were going by one had to always stop to
    let the other by. On payday downtown was so crowded you could hardly get by
    and everybody jus pushed and elbowed. Fire protection wasn't very good due to
    the lack of waterworks. A team of horses drew a large water tank that was
    pumped by an engine through hoses that was our fire protection.
    There was at one time some 200 to 300 Provincial Police and on Miller ,street
    there was a two storey large frame building used for jail and police office.
    Everybody in those days sold booze for extra money. There were stores of all
    kinds up and down both sides of Lang Street from the bridge coming in on the
    North to the other end of town. we had wooden sidewalks and dirt roads.
    There was a wooden bridge from the Old Public School on the Rock cut corner,
    that used to take us across to engine was where Buffams is today. My oldest
    brother Cal went to a little school on Lang St. where the Shell Station is now
    that was before the big Public School was built on the corner.
    I have a family heirloom that came from England., - a "petrified!! hone
    for sharpening razors.
    For entertainment we had lots of dance halls, baseball teams, hockey team
    that was NHL and won many cups. Lots of theatres that brougnt in live performers
    minstrel shows, opera houses -  at the site of the burned down Dominion store was
    a large theatre the Lyric and the two others down on Swamp Street. I remember
    Mr. Fred Assetine was an operator for the Giachino line of theatres.
    Today in Cobalt I would like to see more business places, a drug store
    above all, we could use a doctor or a dentist. I'm sure it would be a good living
    for one and if people on all areas in town modernize their homes it would
    certainly make the town look better. Some of the changes I don't like. I'm
    retired and I would still rather work but there are no jobs.
    Mayor and Council are to be credited for doing such a good job of snow removal,
    remodelling the buildings in the downtown area, having put up the two parks, there
    are still a few eyesore spots in town that could be cleaned up and made into
    parks, or encourage business enterprise to take over the lots and build a small
    business. We need a low rental complex as rents are out of working man's range.
    A five room apartment costs $145 per month. This sometimes does not include
    heating, electricity etc.
    The tourist dollar is always some money in our town, but not for an all year
    project. Our season is too short so lets not go all out on the tourist bit. I
    think it would be a good idea to encourage art colonies. This is a haven for
    artists and rock hounds could be induced to start a group and invite other Clubs
    in. Also as for the educational part why ldon't vve have summer classes here we
    have the facilities. Its too late now but for example the Mining School could
    have been located in Cobalt , the students have to ceome to Cobalt to study rock
    formations and go underground for their mining theory.
    We should keep organized sports going and we do need a recreation program
    and director to keep it up. The last program made it possible for young and all
    to participate. There were pottery classes, art classes, and the little
    majorettes are acredit to our community. They have been in parades in
    Haileybury, New Liskeard , Kirkland and North Bay. Everywhere they were acclaimed
    as very good and smart looking in their uniforms. Cobalt colour are silver
    and blue.
    I might say in briefI am proud to have been and still be a part of this
    community and I'm glad to have my family be part of it as the sons goes, "You're
    the Best old Town I know" Lets not lose all this history.



    Carmen Stubinski March 27,1972
    1 3/4 hours

    1. Marion Lorraine (Mrs. Arthur)
    2.Mary
    3. Marion Fons
    4. Fraser Hotel Silver St.
    5. 679-8454
    6. 72 years old born in 1900
    7. Manisthe Michigan USA
    8. mother born in Germany, Dad in Wisconsin USA
    9. USA
    10. March 1932 went back home came back in Nov. to stay
    11. train
    12. 4 of us. My husband was here ahead of me
    13.
    11. painter
    15. nursing
    16. died 1950
    17. retired
    18. I never saw anything so dilapidated as when I first saw Cobalt. It was a
    run down shack town. If there had been a train going back I'd have taken
    it even if I didn't have a dime in my purse. They could have dropped me
    off anywhere would have been better than Cobalt after the city of Detroit.
    I came from a salt mine and lumber city what a difference I had lived in
    Detroit since 1916.
    18a. I had 2 brothers in the second world war one was in the air force the other
    in the navy C.B.
    19. There was no work. It was very quiet when Art came here. He was selling wood
    and drawing it out from the bush
    20. Art was laid off in Detroit so he came up here. His aunt and uncle Gilbert
    Latour raised him they lived in french town 18 Firs t Street , He had
    several horses Mr. Latour, he was in the wood business. The Latours came
    here in 1904. By husband came in 1906. His aunt raised him. They came to
    Latchford first as the logging business was good then. My husband was 17
    years old when he worked in the mins.
    24. We had an apartment at the rear of my uncles. We all went on relief. no
    work to be had
    25a They had pigs a cow, chicken (my uncle did) we ate there was plenty of food
    26.
    27.
    28.
    29.
    30. Bucks,Damiani's Dworksi MalouinGrocery ,'Panaritis, Charlies (Boston), Tom Black, Irwins TBS Drug store Moore later he sold it to
    Costello I worked at TBS after my husband died.
    31. The show, had to make our own fun, played cards. House parties
    32.
    33.
    34. 10 years of schooling
    35. Street cars, trains
    36.Dr. Hector Joyal
    37. We had a hospital here in front of Buffams funeral home today
    38. Both were born in the same house in Royal Oak, Michigan
    39. Bea never worked, she got married at 16
    40. Sonny finished grade 9. He worked at Bucks
    41. Art, Ca- Presse, Dolphies, Desjardins, leased the Nipissing property.
    They picked the ore and sold it. They made very good on the Cobalt and
    Silver ore. Thats where we got our start.
    42.
    43.
    44.

    45. House dresses
    46. I had a lot of good clothes coming from the states. We wore Oxfords
    mostly then
    47. Went to mass every sunday, visited and took lots of walks
    48. Lost everything I lived in the Adam block when it burnt down Feb. 12,1971.
    I got burnt out completely. All I saved is what I had on my back. My
    nightgown coat, slippers. It was between 2:30 and 3 o'clock in the
    morning when th e fire started and it was 30 degrees below, I lost my
    glasses my purse, a lot of rings, a diamond ring. The furniture I had, had been
    my mothers from a 9 room house. After she died I got furniture and dishes.
    of dishes one set was my mothers. Lost 2 sets of silver ware one was my
    mothers all cut glass dishes priceless Antiques and hand painted plates.
    Sonny gave me back a few pictures I gave him since the fire. We were all
    lucky to get out alive.
    49.4 . Have a lot of friends and am well known here.
    50. I'm settled here. Don't like the big city. I like it here. I belong to
    the CWL silver nugget Women's Institute and Ladies Auxiliary Branch 44
    51.
    52. Rebuilt old buildings. Built new corner park looks better than that fire
    trap building  that was there New schoos, public, St. Pats, St. Theresa
    schools
    55. yes
    56. Would like to see something done for the teenagers. They sit across the
    street on the show steps drinking till all hours on the night. In the
    summer its disgraceful in the new park. They drink and lay on the lawn
    till all hours of the morning. And all the teenagers in the hotel
    drinking. It was a bad mistake to lower the age for drinking in hotels,
    I'm glad my family is raised. There shouldn't be a park on the
    corner of Silver & Prospects street anyways. An apartment house or
    anything would be better on the corner. Anything rather than teengers laying
    all over the grass. By all means there should be more people working.
    If the mines would only open. Its pitiful to see young healthy young men
    walking the streets with no work. There was nothing when I came
    here in 1932. Then I saw it gradually open up and come to life again.
    There were diamond drillers all over. I used to board them when I lived
    over TBS.
    57.
    58. Meetings thats all
    59. Nothing since I lost everything I lost a tyrunk full of crocheting and
    knitting. Afphagrens trunk full of linens. I've no heart to do anything
    anymore. Maybe I'll get heart again. Hope I can get into the new Senior
    Citizens home they are supposes to build. This is what I want the most.
    60. Unemployment today is a racket you have to wait so long to get it at that
    they have to fight for it,
    61. The price of silver has to go up before they can put the men to work, 'The
    high rents in town are terrible. The buildings will soon be empty and people
    leaving if they don't do something.
    62. Museum, take them sight seeing upnorth and area.




    Joanne Stubinski May 18,1972
    It hours
    1. Gerald McAndrew
    2. Jerry
    4. 18 Helen St.
    5. 679-5662
    6. 35
    7. Cobalt we still live there
    8. Dad- Buckingham, Quebec April 28,1889, Mother Muskoka-Nov. 27,1898
    9. Dad came in 1909 to Latchford with his dad and brother to work in in the
    lumber business but his dad and brother went home and Jerry's dad stayed on.
    My mothers parents came to Latchford in 1901. her dad was with a lumber
    Co. he was a blacksmith.
    My parents met at a dance in Latchford and were married in Haileybury 1916
    in March.
    Later my dad worked in some of the mines around Cobalt I remember one
    mine in particular the Nipissing. You see dad played hockey and ball for the
    Nipissing and got paid for playing. The day of a game they would go to work
    for an hour, then were sent back home to rest up for the game. They would then
    have the following day off. In those days the mines brought players in from
    the States and all over. On one Ball team my dad was the only Canadian player
    the rest were Americans. He never really worked hard at the mine. As i'd say
    " he had it made."
    Most of the family was born at 18 Helen. But when Mom and Dad first
    came to Cobalt they lived on Galena st. the first 2 children born there. This
    house was near Montgomery's. It was a little shack. There were 11 kids in all.
    Father was 55 when he quit playing ball.His last game was a double header played
    at Ville Marie.
    Dad was 50 when he left the mines then worked at the Liquor Store,
    started in 1938 and worked for 20 years. He retired at 70.
    Dad never really mentioned anything about how Cobalt was especially
    how the guys would bet, one would yell across the rink to the other and bet
    $1000.00 on who would score the next goal.
    Even in a bar they would bet on a fly which way or direction it would fly off in.
    During the depression my brother would pick up coal that had fallen
    from the train. He always carried his potato bag.
    Mom used to tell us about the men that would camp down in the sink hole.
    Along the tracks, these fellows would wait on trains to see if anything worthwhile
    would be dropped. I even saw these men.
    The second house we moved in on Helen st. people rented the upstairs
    but eventually we took over the whole place.
    The arena caved in from snow in 1941. I remember the next day my sister
    took me over and we crawled through a hole to look in.
    I went to the public school then Cobalt high
    When we were small I played mostly hockey and ball then in high school
    Teen Town was really something. We always went to the theatre 3 times a week.
    I played hockey for the Kinsmen Club we played in Kirkland, Haileybury
    and Englehart.
    I also played for the Silver Hawks in 1957 then for the Cobalt jays. I
    was the oldest guy on the team, this team was formed after my brother and I
    came back from Elliott Lake. We had worked there for 6 years.
    Dr. Wallingford delivered Jack and I then Dr. Dunning Maureen and Donna.
    My grandmother Elizabeth Lowe worked for Dr. Case.
    I always liked and enjoyed living in Cobalt we played in the open cuts
    and mine tunnels we'd cross cables forty feet high over hand it's a wonder
    we're still alive,
    48. I have trophies from when I played ball also a ball uniform my  brother
    Eddy had. He played for the Cobalt Kings 1932-1934.
    49. Really like Cobalt
    50. Because of the people primarily and the pace waters are clean and the air
    only thing I object to is the long winters.
    51. Artificial ice was a very good change and was glad to see Stadlemans Block
    torn down.
    52. I don't like to see all the mines closing and smelter the old tailings left
    and businesses moved to New Liskeard.
    We need more jobs but not a lot of factories I would like to see a furniture
    plant or something along that line.
    57. I like early Fall Sept. & Oct.
    58. Just golfing
    60. Could do a little more in the mining business, Government could subsidize
    for silver mines as they did for gold mines.
    61. Tourists-Federal Govt. should set up a trailer park with washrooms , laundry
    room and theatre if possible.
    62. History-Mining Museum best of its kind in the world. Reasonably good fishing
    and hunting pleasure boating a great place for rock hounds snow mobiling skating,
    and nature trails.
    Dad died in 1960; Mother in 1967; Brother Ed in 1961
    My brother Jack is still in the Homestead I live there part time. I work for Buffams
    in Haileybuly being a mortician.


    Carmen Stubinski
    Interview
    April 21
    2 1/2 hrs.

    1. Elizabeth McAskill
    2. Liz
    3. Elisabeth Beatty
    4. 39 Prospect St. Cobalt
    5. 679-5523
    6. Age 60
    7, Nipissing,Ontario
    8. Mother Simcoe, Father Nipissing
    9. Powasson, Ontario
    10. In 1919 I was 6 yrs. old
    11. trian
    13. there were 5 children
    14. O'Brien Mill. He came to Cobalt 1927. From Cape Breton. Went to Windsor to work for
    Chrysler in 1928. He was a mechanic
    15. Domestic. I worked for Mrs. Fillinson who ran a boarding house on Galena St
    16. Died Oct 2, 1970
    17. retired, can't get a job
    18. After WeIland I enjoyed the small town of Mileage 104. After a big school a little one
    was so nice to know everyone. I made many many life long friends.
    19. It was busy lots of stores
    21. Mining,mill work mainly
    22. 7 to 7 12 hrs. a day
    23. 6 1/2 days per week, $25.00 per month
    24. Mothers house, normal living 2 story frame house of wood
    25. Big Christmas always a goose and all the trimmings. Always hung our stockings it was
    hard candy mixture nuts in shells. A doll Eatons beauty. Always a 3 storey xmas ice
    t:rimmed with red. The best fruit cake. Maybe a book fruit mainly oranges. They were rare.
    27. Well at back door, rain barrels at corner of house. Carried it in with one pail and with
    another pail carried it out. The slop pail. We bathed in a wash tub every saturday night.
    Our outdoor always had Eatons and Simpsons old catalogues for toilet tissues
    Ordinary coal oil lamps
    2S. wood stove reservoir to heat water
    29. High Quebec heater where we always burnt hard wood
    30. We bought all our groceries at Bucklers General store. Went to the Farmers market
    underneath where the T.T.L. is today every saturday. There were stores solid on both
    sides of Lang St. Vellis, Woolworths, McDiarmid ladies wear Rossiski mens wear. Phil
    Cains furniture Barrie's Bake shop. Tom Black and Rowdons hardware were the leading
    hardware stores.
    31. Bijou theatre on Lang st. and the show was where it is today
    32. snowshoeing, sleigh riding
    33. I passed grade 7 at Mileage 104 school we had to come to Cobalt to try our entrance
    exams. Mr. eskins was principal of Cobalt 'public school then I passed my entrance exams.
    35. Street cars. It used to cost 5¢ to ride to Cobalt
    36. Dr , Taylor
    37. Had an operation in the old Cobalt hospital. Dr Lyons did it. Dr. Kase was here in 1931.
    38. Toronto
    41. the mines were all going. I remember the overhead buckets from the Nipissing mines
    everyone was working
    42. Jack always went to the contests. We were married in 1929 the crash came that month Dec 1929
    43. lunch pail, my husband was a light eater.
    44. We always had a big meal after shift
    45. Gingham dresses, petticoats with lots of lace, pinafors lots of starch, cotton bloomers
    made out of flour bags and sugar bags, oxfords and roman sandals for good. Pleated skirts
    and middies always pongee my clothes. Knit everything wore pure wool. Mother made lots of
    quilts and mats
    47. Sunday school. We walked a board sidewalk. There was a board sidewalk from Mileage 104
    to Cobalt and we had to walk to save money. I had to walk 2 miles to work sometimes it
    was 50 below zero. Froze my legs many times
    48. Old pictures
    49. Simplicity of living
    50. Friendliness. Its home
    51. The town has had some of a face lifting there has been a lot of home improvements
    Don't like what hasn't been done on Lang street it shoud be cleaned up
    53. No i like cobalt
    55. yes
    56. I would iike to see small industry I could be working if there was work appropriate for
    me to do. No way could I maintain my own home if mother wasn't living with me.
    No way would I rent an apartment and pay rent. I am healthy and willing to work and need it If jobs
    weremade available.  No way do I want to apply for welfare and assistant pension
    59. Winter most
    59. Sewing for my family, redecorating painting and gardening
    60. Exploration on new properties, new properties, and Industry where men can get work
    61. tourists
    62. tourism, good fishing, boating, mining tours, museum outdoor camping of all kinds The
    people here are very hospitable
    We should have a coffee shop open day and night for tourists or anyone wanting light refreshments.
    Jack worked for Ralph Benner at the Cobalt Lode in 1949. Mario De Bastini was
    the mine manager. He was there in 1970 when he died. Jack was really broken up when the shop
    burnt. He took sick and Cobalt Lode kept him till he died.



    Simone Bedard April 5,1972
    1:45 - 4:00
    1. Marguerite McCabe
    20 Marguerite McLeod
    3. Nipissing Property
    4. 679-5765
    5. Housewife
    6. I was born in Maple Lake in the district of Parry Sound
    7. My mother was born in Thuro Que. and my dad in Stratford,Ont.
    8. Married
    9. 66 years old
    10. Cobalt is certainly in a bad state of affairs with so much unemployment
    and welfare. There's a lot of money wasted in Town for instance on the park
    that they are building across Cobalt Lake and the road that's being built
    to go to this park. There's certainly a lack of work for the younger people.
    I've been used good in Cobalt I think it's a very fine town. Anything that I
    had from the past is in the House of Memories in Latchford. I came here from
    Latchford after spending 3 years in Buckingham, this was during the war and my
    husband was overseas for 5years. As a child we had a wonderful life in
    Latchford. We played ball and skated. My parents gave me a good education. My
    father came to the gold rush in 1906 from Burk Falls, in 1907 we moved to New
    Liskeard, they lived there a short while and then they moved on to Porc Rapids.
    My father built a houseboat and they served meals to the transits who travelled
    the steamboats on the Montreal River. When I was around 12 years old we ran a
    boarding house in Latchford and my job was to clean the coal oil lamps and we
    had 35 of them. I cooked in bush camps for 15 years for A.J.Murphy Lumber Co.
    My first year I had 65 men to cook for, it was hard work but I enjoyed every
    minute of it. Benny Marcotte and Ralph Lafleur helped me as cookies. I don't
    think that there's enough low rent houses. We don't have enough grocery stores
    and clothing stores, I don't think that there's enough recreation for the
    children, I also think that there should be a curfew, they should have
    something to keep the children off the streets.  We should have an industry
    to give work to our people.

    HIGHLIGHTS;

    MY baby sister was the first white baby born on the Indian Reserve in Temagami
    the Indians would come from far and wide to see the white baby.


    Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski
    Interview:    
    Date of Interview: Feb. 23       Length: 1 hr.

    1. Gerald McGarry
    2. Gerry
    3.
    4. 29 Grandview Ave, Cobalt
    5. 679-5500
    6. 25 yrs. old
    7. Haileybury ,
    8. Cobalt
    9. Buckingham Quebec
    10. Born here
    11.
    12.
    13. 3
    14. Clerk
    15. Clerk typist
    16. Ambulance driver
    17.Homemaker
    18.
    19.
    20.
    21. Mining
    22. 6 hrs per day
    23. $50 and $60 per week
    24. Typical Cobalt house. Large frame house
    25. Good Christmas
    26. Water inside house
    27. Hydro
    28. Coal and wood stove
    29. Coal and wood heater
    30. Lots more than there are now. The stores were built up tight
    31. Shows, hockey games
    32. Ball, road hockey, I was a rin rat. I was at the Arena all the time because
    it was right behind us.
    33. st. Pat's and Cobalt High School
    34. 12
    35. Bus, car and bicycle
    36. Dr. Dugan
    37. Good
    38. Misericordia Haileybury
    39.
    40. too young
    41. Always busy lots of work
    42.
    43. lunch and ooffee at noon
    44. Big meal at night
    45. Average
    46. Sunday best suit
    47. went to church every Sunday
    48. Ring of my fathers
    49. It quiet
    50. Its friendly
    51. sidewalks, Birnie's New Tavern and Notel
    52. Got rid of the ball park at the Buffalo
    53. no
    54.
    55. no
    56.
    57. summer time
    58. Tavern once or twice a month
    59. Golfing
    60. The price of silver has to go up first to make it pay to mine it. The mills and
    mines would open and the merchants business would thrive again.
    61. Only the people that are here already
    62. Rock hounds, Scenic country. Its an Artists' Haven, Recreation Area, Hunting,
    Fishing, Swimming. Miners Festival. Hospitality of the people
    Gerry HcGarry was born and raised in Cobalt. Worked at the Silverland Variety shop
    as soon as he was able to work. In later years, bought out the business and did not
    succeed in the business. Now he is driving an ambulance for the Buffam funeral Home.
    Active in golfing.


    Lucy Damiani
    Interview     April 15, 1972  Time 1 1/2 hrs.

    1. Peter E. McGarry
    2. 36 Earl street
    3. 679-5582
    5. Unemployed
    6. Cobalt
    7. Mother and Father both born in Cobalt
    8. Married, one child
    9. 24 yrs old

    IMPRESSIONS:

    Cobalt is much cleaner with the new sidewalks parks, and supermarket and Motel which fills
    n Empty spaces downtown. The town government has now reached a more respectable standard
    with more competent people holding office. These things have made Cobalt a place we can now
    be proud of.

    EDUCATION:

    When I went to school we had one teacher for all subjects and three grades, facilities and
    proper equipment for proper teaching were not available therefore making school a necessity and
    not something with and excitement or responsibility
    Now schools are better equipped with facilities and teachers which are more qualified. The
    outlook is different with things to interest everybody such as outings to cities and industries
    these things are making young people more aware of what is going on and now things happen
    first hand rather than just reaching about. In my day we didn't have these opportunities.

    JOB OPPORTUNITIES:

    The job opportunities in Cobalt are almost non existent for young and old both. With the
    mines and Smelter closing up and no industry starting up to replace these and take up the
    employment.

    PRIVATE ENTERPRISE:

    The private enterprise is almost limited to family businesses which control the town economy
    these same ppople make it almost uneconomical and unfeasible for new business to start up or
    for the town to attract new business to start up or for the town. The last few yrs. council
    has not had as many business men on council because in the past yrs these same business have
    been blocking any move or vote to bring in new business.

    RECREATION AND ORGANIZED SPORTS:

    Recreation and organized sports when I was a youth consisted to Teen Town clubs, scouts,
    Brownies and guides, and school had home economics so the social part was taken care of.
    There was baseball for men and women, a swimming program, youth and adults badminton, hockey.
    This program I think is complete as ever except for older people. In todays program we have
    only social groups for girls and older people no baseball, soccer and the hockey is not as
    good because there are not enough people interested not even our own recreational director.
    And I feel our program is mostly for indoor creative activities not so much of physical
    fitness.

    11. I feel that changes should be made in cobalt dealing with housing rentals should
    meet standards especially welfare cases. Improve recreational factiities such as a baseball
    field for ball and soccer, and softball and use areas for lacrosse, handball or Tennis and
    roller skating in the summertime.
    12. I worked at Copperfield mines, Temagami for 4 yrs. my wife worked at Temiskaming General
    Hospital.
    My hopes for Cobalt are that some industry will come in to employ the people, so one of
    the best little towns in the north can survive. I have my home here and was born in Cobalt an,
    would like to continue living in Cobalt.
    The medical facilities have to be improved with the new clinic  in Haileybury and the
    competetive Doctors and Dentists in the area. I feel that the hospital is too small to serve
    the three communities and parts of others.
    The regional School is a good idea for children in grades 6, 7,and 8 and secondary
    school because this is a time of prepartation for life and they need to know more people do
    more things and have larger facilities and more equipment to accommodate them. which the small
    school cannot supply. I think they are just too young to be given this responsibility.


    Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: March 22   Time  4 1/2 hrs

    1. William McKinnon
    2. Bill
    3.
    4. 67 Cobalt St. Cobalt
    5. 679-5693
    6. 83
    7. Greenfield, Ontario
    8.
    9. Scotland our family talked Gaelic
    10. 1905 in Oct.
    11. Train
    12. Ottawa East
    13. Got married in Cobalt 1915
    14. Waiting on tables at the Elenora house on Cobalt street on the vacant lot next to Bob
    Sopha's.
    15. Was a miner the first two years was a hoistman 1908. I was 72 yrs. old when I quit hoisting. Had been hoisting for 64 yrs. Mining Corporation most of the time also Kerr Addison 4 yrs. Ashley Frontier at Silver Centre. Ontario Nickel Sudbury, Michel Offset
    McKinley Darragh, Curry mine, Loon Lake, McIntyre Mine, Schumacher, I took sick at 72 and had to carry a Disc certificate since.
    16. Dec. 19 1967 My wife died
    17. Retired at 72 yrs. old
    18. Spent 2 yrs. with the army Volenteers
    19. Didn't think much of Cobalt when I came. Lang Street was mostly all bush. The lower
    part was cleaned off. The Buffalo Mine was operating then. We had a hard time to find
    a boarding house. It was the Queens Hotel that they were just building where we
    ended up with a room. They only had boarded it on the outside, nothing inside. It was
    so cold and draughty we could see outside. He gave us 2 blankets one to sleep on on the
    floor and the other to cover us, Harvey was the name of the man that had the hotel. It
    was the same house the Martins lived in. Later tore down and Elio Chitaroni built a
    house on the same site, They did not serve meals there.
    Pipe and Presley had a grocery store and the post office in the same building between
    Mike Brosko's and Given Bonnie Smith's.
    There weren't many buildings. They'd hear the hammers going all night. The next morning
    there would be new shacks built and people in them. They kep t clearing the lots and
    building shacks fast.
    The Nipissing Mine owned most of Lang St. the people that squatted there had to pay the
    Nipissing ground rent, In 1909 there was a fire that started around where Tommy Blacks
    store was. It burned down both sides of Lang street.
    The Nipissing would not let anyone build again till the Nip  prospected and used what the
    wanted , such as leases etc. After that anyone that wanted to build had to pay ground
    rent.
    The station that is now the O.N.R. Station is the second one built there the first one
    was a little one that the railroad. The only entertainment was the meeting the trains.
    That is if they were on time.
    20. Looking for work. I heard of the Cobalt Boom and came,
    21. Mining wood cutters, There used to be a boat on Cobalt Lake. Can't remember the fellows
    name. It was a private boat. He'd take us across to the Nipissing mine for 5¢ each. It
    was a canoe that held 3 or 4 people. Cobalt Lake was called Long Lake at that time. It
    was beautiful. Before the slime hit it. The dock was at the end of Cobalt street.
    22. 10 hrs, a day $2.00 per day and they took 60¢ a day out of it for our board, I was
    helping on a machine.
    Dr. Smith and Schmidt had an office over the old Dominirim Store, I had to get a piece
    of steel out of my eye once and Dr. Smith took it out.
    When prohibition was here Dr. Case would give anyone a subscription to get alcohol from
    cliff moore, Cliff would get an extra dollar for each prescription sold it
    24. 2 storey frame house on Cobalt St. where Alma Reise lives today. It belonged to George
    Brewer. He had a livery stable and was contractor for moving mine machinery.
    25. I'm at  a boarding house
    27. Coal oil lamps
    28. They used to have a honey wagon, The Mercier brothers had a boxed wagon pulled by horses
    They would go around and clean out the toilets and take it to the dump past West Cobalt.
    The time of typhoid there was no water in town. They would go around town with a team
    of horses sleigh or wagon depending on the season. With barrels and large cans and
    charge 5¢ per pail. When I stayed over Donaldson's beside the pop factory. I paid
    10cents  a pail because they had to carry the water upstairs.
    28. When we got married cook stove
    29.Quebec heater
    30. Dances--we had 5 shows then 2 on Lang St. 2 on Argentite St. one on the square the Opera
    House. Right where the Red and White is today. We had good shows then silent pictures.
    I belonged to the Elks Club then they owned their own building where Gordon Watts lives
    today.
    We'd go to Haileybury by train. Horse and buggy. We used to charter a boat on Lake
    Temiskaming, we'd go on moonlight excursions. We would dance on the boat.
    We had an orchestra of our own. Clarence Labelle played the violin, Babe LaBelle
    played the piano. there were some other guys playing to Casey Jones. He stepped danced
    and played the mouth organ.
    On sunday we'd get a boat several different couples take a lunch basket. We'd go down
    the lake to the mouth of the Montreal River and have our lunch, These were private
    boats owned by the Kego Company. It was the Meteor that Cap Burns was captain of.
    Phil Johnson and Mrs. Johnson, George Thib, and his wife, was clerk for. R. P.
    Graham lived on Galena and Grandview.
    One time we went to Haileybury to go by boat to Ville Marie. The Lords day Alliance
    had just came out in effect. They wouldn't let us get on the boat and take it out.
    The boat left later. But it couldn't go the direct route. They would pull up at each
    dock and eventually got to Ville Marie.
    Mrs. Johns had a very large ball of wool she Was knitting away. Her husband threw the
    ball of wool overboard. She nearly had a fit. She kept pulling the wool in. It was
    such a mess she threw the Wwhole thing over board and finally gave the whole thing  up.
    It was very funny. We laughed so much.
    32. There was lots of skating in the old roller rink. It had a beautiful hardwood floor
    in it. In winter they would spread tar paper over the hardwood then they would make
    the ice over the tar paper it was a mess. The rink blew down in 1939.
    35. Trains and horses
    36. Dr. Smith in 1906. I had typhoid fever. They took $1.00 off our pay checks at the mine
    to pay for the Dr. Saunders owned a big frame house at the corner of Lang st. and near the foundry.
    On the north side of the Right of way bridge.Mrs. Dixon and Mrs. Adam Davis were the
    2 nurses. All typhoid fever cases went there when they built the new hospital Mrs.
    Saunders was the first superintendant.
    37. No hospital then
    38. In our first house
    39. All went thrrough school. Eunice and Freida went to the telephone office. Dorothy
    Aldine. Delsie worked fr Dr. Dunning Aldine worked  forthe Dunnings for years then went
    to St.Michaels to train as a nurse, went to Murray, Laurence and Ken worked for Hydro,
    Glen worked at Silver Miller Mines, Delsie went to Hamilton to train as a nurse.
    41 We  moved six times in Cobalt as our family got bigger we' have to get a bigger house.
    The safety features are a lot better today
    Everyday we'd use the cage. But if they were sinking a shaft, wie would use a bucket.
    We just 'wore our every day shoes and rubbaers. Cap or hat.
    There sure was lots of silver underground when I worked underground in 1905-07
    42. There was hand steeling. Tug of War. Some of the mines had their own hockey teams.
    The temiskatming,Nipissing McKinley Darragh. O'Brien Mine and Cobalt Lake had their
    own hockey teams.
    The Renfrew millionaires owned by O'Brien Ottawa Senators, Montreal Maroons , Haileybury
    and Cobalt were playinsg hockey full strength in 1908 went they organized the N.H.L.
    hockey league here in Cobalt. I remember that well as I saw every hockey game. I
    lost a months wages in one of those games. There was lots of money bet on the hockey
    game.
    Sam Eplett bet $1000.00 on one game. The Montreal Maroons were very good they would come
    to Cobalt two or 3 days , Haileybury beat the Maroons. I bet on Cobalt because they
    had a better team than Haleybupy , it ended up the Maroons beat Cobalt and Haileybury
    and I lost. The rink would be packed every time they had a game. That rink was as
    big as the New Liskeard rink. They would be sold out every game , There was great
    hockey here in the early days.
    43. Always took lunch sometimes came home when I wasat the Mining Corp. We had a round
    galvanized Lunch pail bottom of it was put the tea. That was always cold when it came
    time to drink it. Another section was set in the pail to put the sandwiches in. The
    sandwiches were alway s soggy when we ate them. Cake was put in the lid of the pail.
    44. We ate 3 heavy meals a day. Breakfast-fried potatoes bacon , eggs, or cold pork and toast
    Supper always had a roast or a stew,
    45. Mine clothes. Changed when we came off shift.
    46. Best clothes, wore wool in those days. Same clothes, but different prices as of today
    One fellow from Nova Scotia had a hair lip, roomed with another guy they slept in the
    same bed. His wufe knit him a suit of underwear combinations to keep him warm. He got
    them in the mail and they were so big his room mate told him they should be washed
    before he wore them. He took them to the steam laundry beside McMillan's garage when he
    got a childs underwear. He held them up and kept saying these aren't mine. These
    aren't mine. It was so funny to see him with his hairlip holding up the underwear
    jumping up and dowm with the underwear in his hand.
    47. All went to sunday school and Church. Mother made the boys clothes and all the girls
    clothes. All the bread she did all her own baking;. It was family day.  When the children
    grew older our house was always full of people,
    48. Gold watch fob. I won it t at the West Cobalt ball grounds for winning in Tug-of-war.
    Gold medal inscribed W.E.M. 146, Sept. 3, 1917. The ropes were tied to the centre by
    a ribbon. There were 8 men on each side. We'd pull till the ribbon broke for start
    off
    49. Because I like it.
    50. Schools are here
    51. not getting older thats the tlhng. I've got my health
    52. Eye sores torn down. Cleaned up the town. Tore down the Stadleman block. I like the
    way they have widened Cobalt St. out in fromt.
    53. Closing of the mines. O.N.R. moved out. freight service gone. The mail service is
    terrible, We got better service when it came by train. Nothing here for young people.
    56. Refinery to reopen. Mines might open if the price of silver goes up. Would Iike to see
    exploration on Vvirgin ground. It could make new mines to employ miners living in
    town. Theres lots of ground to be explored here yet. I think the government should
    sponsor this programme.
    57. summer,
    58. hockey still go to the hockey games.
    59.  I have a bird feeder. And do all the snow shoveling in winter. There's lots this winter.
    60. More jobs to be made in Cobalt , light industry to use our own raw materials. Furniture.
    factory to make plain rockers, tables chairs etc. Wood highly  polished unique furniture
    out of birch.
    61. tourists
    62.Historical  history. Scenic Scenery , Bass Lake, good beaches, Sharp Lake Park, clean
    water, boating, canoeing, fishing hunting, skiing.


    Mr. McKinnon helped PauI Hermiston organize and set the Museum without pay. The board
    decided at one time to take out a piece of machinery it was too big to go out the door
    when the finished the Museum. Mr. McKinnon took it all apart to go out the door. Someone
    decided they were going to keep it in the Museum. So he put it together again. This was all
    free gratis.
    Paul Hermiston deserves a lot of credit for working so hard in organizing and setting up the
    Museum , I spent many hours helping place articles collecting , asortinng, helping Paul
    establish the Museum without pay , Mines operating in 1905 that I can remember, Tthe buffalo, one of the first, Nipissing Shamrock Mine. Co Cobalt  Central, Silver Queen, Temiskaming Hudson Bay, McKinnley Darragh Mine,
    Temiskaming Mine, O'Brien Mine, Crown Reserve, La Rose, Chambers Ferland , Nancy Helen Mine,
    Northern Customs, concentrator, Right of Way,City of Cobalt Mine. The Colonial, King Edwadrs,
    Conigas Mine , Silver Cross Mine, Kerr Lake Mine , Townsite Mine Tretheway Mine, Beaver and
    Nova Scotia Mine.
    My interview with Mr. McKinnon was very interesting. His memory excells in remembering dates.
    Very interesting person. Citizens of his intellect and a memory at 85 is something.

    ADVERTISING IN COOK BOOK SUPPLIED BY MR. MCKINNON

    1. A. T. Short
    Office and Warehouse
    Phone 118 p.O. Box 437 Cobalt Street.

    2. The Cobalt Light and Power Co.
    Controlled by the Cleveland, Cobalt Silver Mines Ltd.
    Supplied Power for electric lighting in the town of Cobalt. Nearly 5000 lights now
    installed. Also supplies air and electric power for mining and all manufacturing purpose
    Capacity of power plant is 200 K.W. For prices of electric current or air pumps
    address
     F. L. Cody Manager
    Cobalt Light and Power Co.
    Cobalt, Ontario

    3. The Canadian Rand Co. Ltd
    New warehouse
    Foot of Cobalt Street, Cobalt Ontario
    All types of air compressors, tappet and adjustable stroke rock dills
    Pneumatic stape drills and air appliances
    Get our price, see our goods
    Phone 51
    P.O.Box 97 C,C.Hoyt Agent

    4. Dont knock Cobalt
    By going outside to get your
    Household supplies and cooking outfits
    Give us a trial and let us phove to you that we can lay down hardware at your home at a
    saving to you of time and money.
    We are doing so with others. Why not with you?
    Rear Prospect Hotel, phone 91

    5. Headquarters of souvenirs and Post Cards of Cobalt.
    R. D. Devlin and Co.
    The reliable Druggist
    Kodak, film and supplies
    The Brick Block,Silver St. Cobalt
    6. Crown Bakery, Cobalt, Street, Cobalt Ontario
    Here the rich meet the poor when it comes to wanting bread.
    Our Buns, cakes, pies and other pastry are equally popular.
    Those who can afford the best, by Crown Bread. Those who cannot afford to use butter
    also buy corn bread for it can be as cheaply as the other kinds. Cost a little more to
    produce, that's all, but in there lies the secret of its popularity. The fat that is mixed
    by machinery may have something do with it.
    Jamieson and Harmer Telephone 123, p.O. Box 231


    7. H.H. Lang
    Dealer in Real Estate and Mining Properties.

    8. Pictorial Cobalt
    The Cobalt's latest and most complete collection of Half-Tone Reproductions of the greatest
    Silver Mining Camp in the world , 1908-09.

    9. Go to the Cobalt Hotel, when visiting Cobalt
    We have 100 rooms supplied with running water, steam heat, telephone.
    Special attention to traveling public. Visitors to the Cobalt country we study
    to please and entertain.

    10. Adam N. Davis, Coal Dealer
    wholesale and retail, Cobalt, Ontario
    Phone 102 P.O. Box 335
    Representing
    Lehigh Valley coal Co. Anthracite
    Bixter Coal and Coke Co. Bituminous


    11. To Secure the best results in the Cooking Line
    Patronize
    The Gordon, Davies Co. for
    Government Inspected meats
    Fresh Fish caught. Poultry (our Own Dressing)
    New Laid eggs
    Choicest creamery butter
    Fresh Verge-cables arrive daily
    No order too large •••••••••• None to small
    117 Rue de La Opera, Cobalt, Ontario
    Formerly Haileybury Road.


    12. R. A. Jamieson
                            Alex Scott                             Wm. Jamieson

    President
                                         V
    ice President                     Managing director   
    The Jamieson meat Co. Lt                    
     Buyers and sellers
    Live stock and dressed meats
    The firm is known all over Northern Ontario for handling the best of everything in the
    meat and produce lines.
    Come and get acquainted with us and you will be sure to be a steady customer.
    Satisfaction guaranteed. Branches, Cobalt, Haileybury, New Liskeard and Englehart.
    Howard Campbell, Manager
    Cobalt Branch
                  




    13. M. McKinnon
    Wholesale and Retail, Lumber Merchant
    Lumber Merchant
    All  kinds of timber suitable for mining purposes and buildings of every description.
    AlII kinds of rough and dressed lumber
    Doors and windows of all kinds complete.
    Kiln dry interior finish specialty office, Store house an yards
    Commission Street, Cobalt Ontario
    Office Bhone 72. Residence Phone 105
    P,O, e.ddress Box 337, Cobalt.
    Inquiries solicited.

    14. Hot rolls and Wheat Bread
    Fresh every day
    Cobalt Bakery
    Pastry of allkinds
    The most up-to-date bakery in the town of cobalt
    Only a few doors from the Post Office.



    15. Departmental Store
    Milton Carr and Son
    Milton Carr built the original Woolworth Building


    16. American Queen Quality Shoes for Women
    All kinds of fine and fancy hoisery
    Nipissing Store Stores. Ltd, CobaIt Ontario


    17. The Great Store for Men, on the Square
    King and Borsalino Hats, Campbell's clothing, made to your individual measure
    Stanfields Underwear
    Slanter and Walkover Shoes for Miners and Prospector, Our strong and Garfield
    With Elk Boots are the only waterproof boots made
    We stock 11" hobnailed boots that can't be beat.
    A full line of Khaki overalls and smocks always on hand. Our goods at all seasons
    are the best,
    O'Gorman and Coyne, Cobalt


    18. When you visit the Silver Belt Stay at the Prospect Hotel
    Robert Evans, Proprietor, Cobalt
    The best hotel in Northern Ontario 75 bedrooms steam heated. Good Sample rooms
    Everything first class
    Rates $2.50 per day and up


    19. The Jenkes machine Co. Ltd
    Cobalt Ontatio
    High Class Mining Machinery
    Best prices on Ore Buckets; cars etc.
    Let us quote on your plant
    Office. Cobalt Street, Near Nipissing ore Dock
    Phone 51, P.O. Box 395
    N. C. Groch, Representative


    20. Mrs. S. A. MacDougall
    The place of high Class Millinery
    Ready made clothing and Ladies Furnishings


    21. Mrs. S. A. Campbell
    Fine Hillinery and Fancy Dry Goods
    Corner of Silver and Prospect streets
    Cobalt, Ontario


    22. Lumber and building material of all kinds
    Shingles, scantlings, Joists and Bill Stuff Moldings, casing and all kinds of finish
    P.J. Hassett
    Telephone No. 1 Cobalt


    23. The Tripp Livery and Transfer Co. Ltd
    We buy and sell Good Horses
    Call and see us.Cobalt, Ontario


    24. G. J. Brewer, Livery and Feed barn
    General contracting with teams. moving machinery our speciality
    phone 72, Cobalt, Ontario

    25. J. W. Evans
    Consulting Mining Engineer and Assayer
    Cobalt, Ontario

    26. Mining Claims and Cobalt Stock bought and sold
    Dealer in Real Estate, Rents collected
    E. P. Rowe
    Member of Cobalt Stock Exchange
    Phone 8, Office Silver Street, Cobalt, Ontario Box 138
    Phone 8, Office Silver Street.
    St. C. Campbell M.E. H.J. Deyell G.E.M.E.
    Graduate of McGill Graduate R. M. C. McGill


    27. Charles Reckin and sons, Cobalt, Ontario
    Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
    Manitoba and Domestic Wheats
    And all kinds of coarse Grains
    Manufacturers of High Grade Flour


    28. George Mitchell
    Barrister, Solicitor, Public Notary
    Cobalt, Ontario


    29. J. J. Anderson, Mining Broker
    Room 11 Hunter Block Cobalt Street
    Mining Claims inspected and reported on
    Applications for staking out a mining Claim
    and Transfers executed and Titles Examined


    29. H. B. Munroe,Broker
    Mining properties a Specialty


    30. Dr. Munro Edinburgh University Graduate
    and Medallist for Midwifery and diseases of Women and Children May be Consulted in
    the Hunter Block ••••••• Room 14, Cobalt


    31. Dr. T. W. Stoddart, Dentist
    Will be in Cobalt, tuesday, thursday and saturday of each week, from 2 to 6
    Room 6, Hunter Block, Cobalt


    32. Furniture of all kinds
    Crockery, bedding, Children's chairs, Carriage etc.
    H. Manger, Silver St. Cobalt


    33. W. O. Taylor M. D. Phone 114
    Galoska building Cobalt


    34. Dr. G. A. Schmidt
    Phone no 10 office opera House Block


    35. Dr. E. F. Armstrong L.D.S.
    next Imperial Bank Cobalt


    36. Go to Mrs. A. Mortson
    Bay Lake Restaurant
    For good meals, Latchford ontario



    37. C. P. Campbell, undertaker and embalmer
    Dealer in first class cheap furniture
    Silver street, Cobalt


    38. Campbell and Deyell
    Mining Engineers and Assayers
    Cobalt. •••••••••••• Canada

    39. R. S. Code. OLSCE ••••• T. C. Code OLSCE
    Code and Code
    Ontario land surveyors and Civil Engineers
    Room 12,Hunter Block Cobalt, Ontario


    40. E. B. Rychman K.C.               
    C.S. MacInnes K.C.
    Charles W. Kerr                     J.W. Mahon
    Ryckman, Derr, Maclnnes and Mahon
    Barristers, solicitors, notaries  etc
    Cobalt Ontario


    41. Chas H. Hair, M.D.C.M. F.T.M.C. M.C.P,S.O.
    Late House surgeon in
    Toronto General Hospital
    Office Devlin's Drug Store, Surgery and Specialty



    42. Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Raiway
    The Peoples line
    The settler, the Lumberman , the prospector
    and the tourist---------on this route.
    Now completed as far north as Cochrane.



    Name of Interviewer: Simone Bedard
    Interview:  April 4, 5   Tues:  Wed:  1:45 - 4:30  9:30 -11:55
    1. William H. McKnight
    2. Bill
    4. Nipissing Property
    5. 679-8463
    6. 45 yrs. old
    7. I was born in Cobalt
    8. My father was born in Scotland and my mother was born in England
    9. They met and married in.Cobalt
    10. I was born and raised here. I had uncles Joe Holson, Harry Sennah and Bill Streeter who
    also lived in Cobalt
    11. My parents came by boat from the old country and then by train to Cobalt, my dad was
    working a farm as a helper and then prospected in Cobalt after they discovered silver.
    My father, mother, two sisters and myself
    My dad was a prospector and miner.
    Dad was a settler in Haileybury
    So far as I can remember the man worked 10 hrs a day and 6 days a week.
    My dad was getting $5. a day as a stationery engineer in the mine
    My first room that I can remember was made of log, we had 2 bedrooms, a living room,
    kitchen bathroom and a back room.
    My dad would get a Christmas tree and we'd decorate it, mom would make puddings, short
    bread and fruit cakes. My dad would buy.cigars only on special occasions, and on
    Christmas morning I would wake up the aroma of dad's cigar, I'd get up and go and smell
    the box of cigars. We'd hang our stockings and my mother would put candies, nuts
    an apple and orange she would also put a nickel in our stocking.
    26. We had running water in the house
    27. Electric lights and you'd pull a cord to turn them on and off.
    28. Wood burning kitchen stove
    29. Quebec heater during winter
    30. Rava's General store they'd go around taking orders in the morning and in the afternoon
    they would make the deliveries
    31. I remember going to silent movies
    32. I played hockey with the kids in the neighbourhood. I also played on the Public
    School ball team.
    33. I started school in the annex, as the school was too small in town. Mr. Elliot was
    the school principal, my first teacher was Miss Rowe.
    34. I went to school for 9 yrs.
    35.
    36. Dr. Smith was our family doctor
    37. I had my tonsils out when I was 8 yrs. old and Miss Knight was a nurse and Mr. Jeff
    Fields Sr. Was an Orderly.
    38. Our 7 children were all born in the Misericordia Hospital in Haileybury
    39. Bill Jr. quit school at 17 and his first job was as a section man on the railroad, he's
    still working there.
    Albert also quit at 17 his first job was working with his uncle Brian Jenkins in plumbing
    now he's working on the railroad.
    41. There were no machines, everything was done by hand, hand mucking, hand steeling
    42. They would have hand mucking and hand steeling contests
    43. It was nothing to fancy, pork and beans, bacon eggs, fried potatoes home made bread
    44. Potatoes, vegetables and meat
    45.
    46. n those days men always wore hats, either felt hats or turned caps, high boots, plaid
    shirts.
    47.  Mostly suits, bowler hats or fur hats in winter
    48. I went to Sunday School, then went for walks played ball and in winter sleigh riding or
    skating on Cobalt Lake.
    49. Old Edison recorders, an Aladdin lamp, and a moustache cup given to my wife by her
    grandfather.
    50.
    51.
    52.
    The town looks cleaner with the old buildings torn down, there's new buildings torn down
    there's new buildings and the sidewalks are better.

    53. The atmosphere is different, too many by-laws, the younger generation are drinking
    too much and I would say that there's more vandalism today then they had in the early
    days.
    54.
    55.
    56.
    There should be more free recreation, like they had in the days of the Y.M.C.A.
    57. I would like to see more restaurants that will stay open later to give better service
    at eleven there's no place to eat in towno We'd need another doctor, a dentist and a
    drug store.
    58. I enjoy all seasons, in winter I ice fish, Summer I go hiking, fishing and on family
    picnics, in the fall I go hunting.
    59. I watch T.V. read the newspapers and I go out with the boys every weekend.
    60. I use to carve and draw and I was pretty good at it, but I've gotten away from this now
    I go fishing, every chance I get.
    61. Right now the situation is very bad, we need an industry of some kind, if we refined our
    raw materials the town and mines would benefit and they would save a lot of money on
    shipping costs and it sure would help our people.
    62.
    63.  We have two mining museums in town, and we have the old mine workings to visit. I see
    no reason why our children should be taken out of town to go to school, when we have
    new schools here, it's costing us more taxes and we still have to keep the upkeep
    of the buildings.

    There was a radio station on Nipissing Property and the'd have amateur shows on Sundays
    Mrs. Wink's was the announcer. Mr. McAdam was the owner of the radio station.
    Mr. Hallot was manager of Northern Ontario Power Co. Mr. Jim Keon was the general
    maintenance foreman, Mr. Lajoie use to inspect the power lines with a team of dogs in
    the winter and a Mr. Harry Taylor was doing the same job on a riding pony during the
    summer months.
    My wife's paternal grandfather Arthur Seed sold meat at the Cobalt Meat Market for yrs.
    William Seed owned a sawmill on Sharp lake and also owned a mine it was called the
    Royal Mine.
    When the train came in every night they had a Salvation Army band playing at the
    station as the train came in.
    I remember when the muck from the Nipissing Mine was transported in buckets on overhead
    cables to the Nipissing Mill where it was concentrated, it would be melted in bullion bars
    and it was shipped by train to the mint.
    Sam Cote delivered coal with horses and wagon in summer and by sleighs in winter.
    Dan Gannon was a driver for the Express Co.
    The old Cobalt Arena was on Miller Ave.
    Harry Raney was the Customs Officer Manager.
    Jack Johnson was the Superintendent at the Nipissing mine.
    Mr. Ed. Houghton was manager of the Cobalt Foundry.
    Some of the businesses were Giachino's Grocery store, Greenlee's grocery on Cobalt st.,
    Irvin's grocery on Lang St., Stadelman's Bookstore on Prospect Ave.
    Mr. Clarence Walsh raised and raced his dogs in dog derbys
    There were the people who lived on Nipissing Property just across Cobalt Lake when I was
    a young boy. Pete McEwen owned a grocery store his wife was Cobalt's first Public School
    teacher, Jack Dudee was a teamster for Northern Ontario Power Company, Jack Johnson, Ed
    Houghton by the way he's still living in the same house, Mr. McAdam, Mr. George Martin he
    was a mining man, Mat Niumi was a mine boss, Gus Mardini was a miner, Mrs. Mackay was a miner
    widow, Mr. Lalande was a carpenter for Nipissing mine, Nelson Pierce worked in the Cobalt Mine
    Mr. Goula was a mining boss. Mr. Watermacker was a miner, Mrs. Korpy ran a dairy, Frank
    Hill was a businessman. Harry Fennah was a miner. Herb Bugohold was a teamster at the miner
    Mr.  Malouin owned a grocery store Mr. Howard he was a miner.


     Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 22
    Length: 1 1/4 hrs.
    Name of Interviewer:
    Interviewer:
    1. Mrs. Lillian McLeod (Mrs. Robert)
    2. Lil
    3. Lillian Mondoux
    4. 71 Cobalt St. Cobalt Ontario
    5. 679-5634
    6. 46 yrs. old
    7. Timmins
    8. Mother Eganville, Father Ottawa Valley
    9. Ottawa Valley
    10. 1938
    11. by car
    12. Highway
    13. 8
    14. Miner
    15. war worked
    16. L.C.B.O. Clerk
    17. Homemaker
    18. When you are sixteen years old and come to a new town everything is impressive
    19. It wasn't booming but we still had lots of stores
    20. My mother moved here because there was more work for girls
    21. All kinds of work
    22.
    23.
    24.
    25.  On top of a garage on Lang street, we were waiting to get in a house we had bought
    Very hectic, We were moving December 23, but we had a tree
    26. in house
    27. Hydro
    28. Wood stove
    29. Box stove in living room
    30. All kinds of shops
    31. Nothing, not even a show
    32. hockey
    33. St. Theresa's school
    34. 8 yrs.
    35. Buses, cars and trains
    36. Dr. Lyons
    37. Haileybury
    38. Cobalt
    39. Ricky was sixteen when he went in the Army. Dibbie is still at school
    40.
    41. Haven't a clue
    42.
    43.
    44. My dad was killed in the Hollinger mine
    45.
    46. nice cotton dresses
    47. Looking to the best
    48. Looking for boys
    49. Grandma's cup and saucer and dollies.
    50. I like everything about Cobalt
    51. The people are very friendly
    52. Recreation programme renovations at the Legion and Community Hall. Improved parks
    and the tearing down of the fire trap shacks
    53. Busing of children to other towns. O.N.R. Long distance telephone freight sheds, Northern telephone, Hydro shop took a large pay roll out of our town.
    54.
    No I like Cobalt
    55.
    56. Yes
    57.
    Would like to see a steady pay roll in Cobalt, Without any pollution attached to it
    58. summer
    59.
    60.
    crocheting
    61.There is work for people that want to work. but won't take work, who would rather
    live on welfare.

    62.For those who wish to live on breathing clean air, drink good clear water
    63..
    Fishing, hunting, clean beaches, no pollution, good recreation facilities

    .
    Mrs. McLeod is a happy go lucky person does beautiful crocheting and quite active in the
    community.




    Carmen Stubinski April 3,1972 - April 5     4 t hours
    1. Caroline MacArthur (Mrs. Robert)
    3. Caroline Sutherland
    4. 46 Galena Street, Cobalt
    5. 679-8116
    6. 54
    7. Westville, Nova Scotia
    8. Nova Scotia
    9. Nova Scotia
    10. car
    11. 3 of us
    14. mining engineer, Geologist
    15. Dancing teacher, artist
    16. Sherrif of Temiskaming
    17. artist, teacher of art
    18. Bob
    19. Bob was in second world war air force honourable discharge, 3 days before
    sailing.
    18. Just a new place new friends
    19. Came here when I was in grade 5 I remember the fall fairs we used to have.
    I used to paint all the blackboards and decorate them for the fall fairs.
    Christmas parties, Halloween parties and Easter. Teachers I remember most
    were Miss Clark, Miss McDivit, Mr. Elliot, Miss Mamie Reeves
    23. I started to teach dancing at the age of 12 or 13. How that came about I
    used to dance at different entertainments Burns banquet, Kiwanis, Legion
    Political meetings that were put on in the tri-town.After one political
    meeting that I dances at Jimmie Grant and Paddy Fleming asked me if I would
    teach their daughters to dance. Highland dancing au tap dancing. I got paid
    75¢ per hour. I held the Northern Ontario Championship for Highland dancing.

    Highlights
    Our first home was the managers home at the Larose mine. Its a 9 room house.
    The garage my father used there on the property was the first blacksmith shop
    in Cobalt. That the LaRose owned. There seemed to be shops on both sides of Lang
    right to the bridge, right across town. The Kiwanis had a playground on
    Lang St. across the road from the miners hotel another one next door to Dr.
    Dunning office. They used to have traveling medicine shows. They would park
    across from Phil Cains store. Everyone in town would be there for the entertainment
    and buy medicine. Giachino used to have a show. He would show his film, no sound,
    he would commentate and show his film on the side of wall of his building.
    He had an old projector. It was next to the Boston Grill its the store with the
    shaft in the centre of the building. Giachino had a good store. He specialized
    in fresh fruit and meats, mostly Italian, meats. He was a travel agent. One
    large sign on the building read, see this world before the next. At that time
    the YMCA had a swimming pool The Town Hall today is the former YMCA
    building. There were 2 shows one of the best dance halls north of North Bay in
    the old town hall which is now the TTL building. The rink was down the hill on Miller and Nickel street
    where Uncle Gabbani lives today.
    We had our own band. The country club Orchestra. It was very good. Norm
    Assef, Eddie Assef, Ruth Taylor, Reddy Tessolini were in the band. Edna Maher
    was the piano music teacher. Before Eric  Smith got his orchestra going. At
    that time there were all kinds of culture offered to the children. When the
    depression was on Rev. Gilmor Smith was minister of the United Church. He was
    strong on entertaining the depression groups. They were paying men to clear the
    airport 25¢ per hour. The men stayed in camps there. Rev. Smith took over our
    entertaining group to the airport. We would put on a show for the men. We also
    went to Kerr Lake and at the Hydro plant in Hound Chutes. We had a very strong
    young peoples group in the United Church, that sang, danced. Mr. Cherry He used
    to own Cherry's Mens Wear did slight of hand and ventriliquist. We'd put on a
    2 hour show every other week. Free to the public we would go wherever they asked
    us to. The Silver Leaf group was formed at the United Church to put on plays.
    We also brought good talent to town for live entertainment. Gisele McKenzie
    came and others that were very good groups of different entertainment. We used
    to rent the theatre. The Silver Lead Group started the first Cobalt Public
    Library. We ran i it I1 1/2 yrs. before we turned it over to the town. We also put
    the first cars on the streets to collect garbage in. There were empty carbide
    cans. We painted these cans. I slid down the hills with the rest of the kids
    At the O'Brien mine it was like a town. There were a lot of families living
    there. There were so many kids going to school. The paths in the bush went in
    every direction. In the spring walking across the lake it was so treacherous.
    We'd get wet so often.
    33. Second year High school
    35. Streetcars, trains. It was quite a change the change over from street cars
    to buses. We used to have a morning milk train. It would go to Kirkland Lake and
    back. It stopped at every station along the line to pick up milk. It went to
    Kirkland Lake and back in the same day, Saturday morning and Friday night we
    would watch the farmers unloading their wares. They had a bigmarket at the
    bottom of the town hall.
    36. Dr. Schmidt, momma used to let me do paintings on the bedroom walls. I'd
    paint a picture frame around each picture one time I had the  measles,
    and Dr. Schmidt came to see me. He saw the paintings all over my bedroom walls.
    He seemed to be more interested in the paintings than he was in me. After that
    Dr. Schmidt put an art contest on at the Public School. I drew 3 pictures
    representing health. One was a picture of a dog sleeping in a bedroom with
    the window open. It was called Sandy learns his health rules. I won the contest
    which was $15. prize that was in 1932 a lot of money in those day. I kept
    asking for my pictures back but never got them. Dr. Schmidt hung it in
    his office till the day he died. I asked his sister for the pictures but I
    never got them,
    37. We had a miners hospital here.
    38. Red Cross hospital in New Liskeard
    39. Heather went through as a nurse RN. Bobby still at CGA Bobby was the first
    baby born in the New Year at the Haileybury Hospial in 1955.
    41. I remember dad leasing. They were working the Lawson Mine. Bob and dad were
    away on business and they left me .in charge of the men. I was trucking out
    powder, caps every day. We would see the silver coming over the table. I kept
    at the men to get better silver. I had a good 2 weeks when they were gone. The
    day I went out to pay the men it was very hot I picked up a case of beer and
    handed each man a beer bottle with their pay check. I got a good thank you from
    the men. They told dad I was a good boss. I got the devil from dad. It was against
    the law to serve beer to miners. They could have closed the mine down for that
    little episode. Prospectors when Bob was with Dominion Gulf near James Bay.
    He had 2 new lads one from Scotland and one from Baltimore, neither one had been
    in the bush before. I had to buy them underwear, boots everything suitable for
    the bush and we fed them good.
    44. Dressed very much to the style of the day and we did dress, always wore
    hat and gloves. We had all formal dances. I'd get a new dress for the X-mas,
    New Year and Valentine dances a summer formal for Easter, July 1st and Halloween
    was always a masquerade Ball. Those dances were always dated and booked 6 months
    ahead.
    47. Always went to Church, relaxing day, had get togethers and walked.
    48. My dancing medals, skeen was given to me by my cousin who received it in the
    first world war, when she saved the life of a Scottish Earl. He gave it to me
    because it was his most prized possession. This is one of the first pictures I
    painted. I was around 8 years old when I did it.
    49. I like the way people have tidied up their homes.
    50  I don't like it  their spoiling the character of the town by painting that shaft
    with the store underneath it, and tearing down and destroying the old
    buildings of the town. I think they should preserve the 3 remaining shafts
    that are right in town. Mining Corp. shaft, Right of Way shaft and the former
    Giachino building.
    To be kept in the state they are in at this moment, to paint, repair, or try
    to make them look like new would be the same as painting an antique. Their value
    would be gone. Cobalt was always noted for their 2 pairs of steps on Grandview
    and Prospect. They should never have been changed from their original position.
    It has taken the personality away of the steps that once meant Cobalt. I like
    Cobalt, competition is the spice of life. I do wish they would try to
    encourage more stores. Industry. If they look ahead what is needed to bring
    it back again to a good shopping area. Offer free taxes for a year. Ground for
    a dollar for industry. Check the railroad for cheaper freight rates for industry
    and still supply the south. Keep the old as old for unique scenery and history.
    I would like to see it grow to a bigger town, Cobalt with its crazy roof tops,
    crooked streets and old shafts makes it an artists paradise, which is a business
    in itself. Its money. Every artist I've brought to Cobalt have been overjoyed
    with the place, a number of them have wanted to live here.
    51. I do like the way they have parks all through the town. I like the way they
    widened Cobalt hill and paving the back streets. I liked the recreation
    program and we did have the Ribson era.
    33. I don't like what they are doing to Cobalt Lake. It was a beautiful blue
    before they started work on it. Now its green. It always looked nice and
    refreshing and the reflections were beautiful in summer. I think they had
    better check the lake before they continue their park. That lake is all
    undermined close to the surface. I know of someone who worked underground
    there and .heard the train above. Its close to the surface and could collapse
    I know its pretty well from facts.
    57. All the way through
    58. There is so much to do you haven't got time to do it all.
    59. Painting, teaching Art, pottery, summer sports, swimming, Lodge meetings
    60. Bring in Industry, shopping centre. Work up tourist trade. We need government help to assist our mines. I would like to
    see plaques put up in front of the mine shafts and mine properties stating the
    amount of silver and ore taken out of that shaft and what it is worth in
    dollars and cents. Make it interesting to the outside eye.
    61. Ambitious people
    62. Museum, mine tour being able to go underground. Unique Hound Chutes water
    spray. The only one left in the world. Lots of fishing, hunting, good
    beaches for swimming and so far no pollution.
    1. I had to have 2 interviews with Caroline MacArthur, she was so busy.
    2. She showed me drawings she did as a child and we all know her art of today.
    I'd say she's a born artist .
    3. She has lot of suggestions suitable for tourist trade and promotion
    4. Very interesting interviews


    Joanne Stubinski May 19,1972
    1. Frank MacDougall
    2. Frankie
    4. 519 Edgewood Ave. Oshawa, Ont.
    5. 723-8006
    6. 41
    7. Lasarre, Quebec
    8. Mother Barry's Bay, Father- Nevin Center
    9. Parents were married in Ramore
    10. 1934 and left in the summer of 1944
    14. My dad was an auditor and chartered accountant he worked for awhile at the
    Nipissing, then went for the Abitibi Paper Mills as an auditor.
    20. We came here because my mother's parents were here. Dick Mahon and also
    my fathers brothers Grandfather was a foreman for the railroad.
    18. Fantastic
    19. Very busy, farmers market was very busy,every Saturday A.M. this was under
    the T.T.L. my brother Dan and I had our wagon and we offered to carry the ladies
    parcels home for 25¢ we always made a lot of extra money in these days. Dan would
    yell kidnapping lady instead of transfer some of the ladies wouldn't let him
    take their parcels. Dan was very shook up about this.
    24. Typical Cobalt home it was large and cheap 1 Cobalt St. Murphy's used to live
    there this house was owned by St. Pats Church.
    30. Minerva, Sweets Restaurant-it was a hang out for high school kids then a chinese
    restaurant, biggest chinaman worked there that I ever saw.
    Woolworths-quite a few other stores. The market really stands out in my mind
    there was stall after stall from the area Belle Valley, Englehart, New Liskeard,
    there would be about 1,000 people on the floor shopping then.
    31. The theatre had war time specials particularly on Saturday when meat bones
    would be in demand for soap to send overseas or aluminum. There would be 5 western
    shows on, we had nothing to pay just had to bring bones or pots or whatever they wanted.
    made our own, would walk pipe lines across open pit shafts over Nipissing hill
    100 - 150 feet deep.
    My uncle Jim Quilty worked at Mining Corp. for Ambrose Murphy, he came across
    the biggest pocket of silver. Ambrose made a lot of money out of the mine.
    32. Played school hockey, Public played Separate school, baseball, fished a lot & hiked.
    33. St. Pat's old school on Jamieson
    We didn't want to move to Oshawa we just couldn't accept it. Went to Osawa
    with a sling shot in pocket, cop picked one up and took it away from me and gave
    me a good talking to.
    35. The streetcars were gone they were only used as way side restaurants in North Cobalt
    just buses and cars around.
    Nipissing Mill1 was still in operation then. With other mines open.
    36. Dr. Dunning
    37. Mines Hospital still here but never in it.
    Cobalt Arena caved in. In the evening hours in the early 40's.
    M.J. McCrank played hockey there one of Cobalt's greatest athlete. He died
    suddenly at 17. This really wiped out his career. This guy had terrific coordination.
    Dan and I would pick up scraps of iron and sell to Jake Cohen usually a Sat.
    we'd pick up about a 1,000 pounds of it and sell. Old trolley car wheels, drills,
    and any other bits of waste we'd find on the Nipissing Property Hill.
    I remember one caper we pulled I usually hung around with the two Warren
    boys and Kennelly's we were out playing and found a muck car on the track it
    was empty, the boys wanted me to get in I wouldn't we pulled the block off
    the car was slanted towards the lake it hit the bumper block and went right
    over, cops were on the scene and our parents.
    The cops said it would cost our parents about $100. each because they
    were going to bring a diver in from Kirkland. Young McCrank dove in found the car
    and they had it pulled up.
    I sure got hell for it. As our parents thought they would have to pay
    the money and there just wasn't that kind of money around as we only paid $12.
    a month for rent.
    M.J. Scully's father farmed our garden they really grew potatoes, we ate
    so many of them I think that's why I don't care for them anymore.There just
    wasn't money around to buy meat.
    49. The nostalgia is the main thing
    50. Sentimental reasons, it proves that people have guts because town seems to
    fold then all of a sudden comes back.
    51. Artificial ice, parks, new housing, developments
    55. Yes
    56. Cobalt dosn't have the proper facilities for good sports.
    57. Spring and Fall
    59. Stamp collecting worth $1000. or reading and fishing, coaching minor hockey
    for fifteen years or more.
    60. More processing of the minerals in the area instead of sending them south.
    61 Tourists
    62. Mining heritage backgrounds, friendliness from the people.
    War Hero-Powell Boy- he was on the H.M.C.S. Oakville corvette ship a special
    Canadian design for destroying submarines. He was an officier somewhere off the East Coast
    They rammed the German Sub on the water surface at that time. Those subs
    had orders to set up time bombs.Powell and the other officier boarded the sub
    defused the time bomb took papers from the officiers desk then towed the sub
    into the harbour a real war prize. Powell made the head lines of all papers
    in North America. He was given the key of the city to New York, Toronto
    then came back to be feted in Cobalt a month later.
    Cobalt lost its cream of the crop. Some of its finest young men were killed
    in the war mostly air force men.
    I used to serve mass for Father Caufield we served a war service funeral for Robert
    McCrank-Air Force personel came up from Trenton and a military band.
    M.J.McCrank skated in the open cuts June And July always the darker part of the cut
    He used candles to see then after would swim in the other part that was open.
    We spent most of our time playing, from the Mining Corp. to Buffalo, never once
    thought it being dangerous I've found a drill head in the rock cut some older
    fellows had been there before me and put a fire hose around the drill we would
    swing out on the hose used our feet for a brace to swing back. Jackie Warren
    slipped and was falling gut down somehow he ended up on his side broke his
    wrist, we had a hell of a time getting him back up.
    Frank says Cobalt speaks for itself he said when he had to leave Cobalt
    it was like they had cut off his right arm.



    Carmen Stubinskis     May 10,1972   4 1/2 hrs

    1. Mrs. Olga MacMillan(Mrs. Lloyd)
    2. Onie
    3. Olga Sirr
    4. 56 Silver St. Cobalt
    5. 679-5924
    6. 75 years old
    7. Parry Sound
    8. Both born in Canada
    9. Sundridge. Then we moved to New Liskeard 1908. I remember was the mud on
    the streets. We were in mud up to the axel on the way from the station.
    George Kennedy had a stage coach too. He took passengers from and to
    train from Grand Union Hotel. My mother had a boarding house on Rebecca
    street. The room and board was $3.50 per week double was $4.00. Dad sold
    machinery, farm machinery, stoves etc. We children were still in Sundridge.
    Mother came ahead bought a house from Mr. Murray at the corner of Murray and
    Rebecca. She wrote and told us about the phones. She said you could pick up
     this thing and order from the store 5 cans of salmon etc. and they would
    deliver it. She was staying at Marslands when she was getting settled.
    Marsland boarding house was on Catherine Street. When I was 15 years old I
    worked for Peter Petrakus's ice cream parlour and confectionery I got $3.00
    per week worked from 9 a.m. to 11 pm when there was a hockey game on I
    worked till 11:30 or if there was skating I worked for Malloy's another ice
    cream parlour got $6 per week at Greenwoods I got $9. per week. I stayed there
    till my sister and I bought out McKenny ice cream parlour. We operated our own
    ice cream parlour called Misses Sirrs. Mr. Greendwood bought his ice cream from
    City Dairy North Bay. Sam Eplett started to operate in 1914 and 15 in the
    basement where Canadian Tire is today. I remember buying a piano when I was
    15 years old. Mother had to sign because I was too young. I paid $10 per
    month for it was $300. Bought it from Thorpes furniture store in New Liskeard
    there were no carrying charges. We used to go to Sharps Bay that was our water
    hole for swimming, there was no New Liskeard Beach then. Sharps Bay was where
    Barretts live today. It was a lovely beach. It served the tri town. They
    used to hold a fall fair up the north road. Where the Dept of Agriculture
    farm is today. I used to ride horses and drive buggies at the fair. One time
    I took a riding horse out to the Casey Mine where Lloyd could come back with
    me. My rear was sure sore. I had 2 brothers drown in New Liskeard, Frank and
    Reg. Their canoe tipped on Lake Temiskaming Justin joined the    Mounted Police
    the same year, then on to the British embassy in Washington till he returned.
    5 of us left home that year 5 of us got married Stella and I. Lloyd and I
    married  in New Liskeard at my mothers home on Rebecca St. Jan.19, 1920.
    we had a turkey dinner at home. All the wedding party stayed after dinner. We
    got on the street car and came to our home in North Cobalt. We bought the house from
    a Mr. Wood who lived in Toronto for $900 When we left North Cobalt we sold it to
    McGrab who had retired from the Hydro for $700. in 1936. All the guests came
    by street car to our house. Mr. Warren had the house ready for us. The fire was
    going Everyone stayed till the last street car left for New Liskeard when they
    had all gone. I cried silly thing to do eh? When we went to bed our bed was
    full of rice. We had our first baby 11 months after we were married. Nov.26,
    1920. We bought our baby cutter from Bill Park who was motorman on the street
    car. Got the baby carriage from my sister she sold it to me for $5.00 Lloyd started
    to work for Nipissing Central railway when he came out of the army. Nipissing
    Central till they took the trollies off in 1935 as motorman. His street car burnt
    on the N.C.Siding the night of Oct.4,1922, fire along with a sweater I had knit
    him and his lunch pail. The names of the men that worked as conductors and
    motormen are Bert Precott, George Geroge, Alex MacRae Niel McIsaac, Angus
    MacAuley, Paddy Quinn, Bill Park, Lloyd MacMlillan, Dick Richardson, Guilie McDonell
    Tom Currie, Ray Cloutier, Albert McDonough, Bill Bush, Fred Beer, Forest Findlay,
    Charlie Warren Arnold Davies, Phil Lemieux, Bill Hills, Charlie Peterson, was
    also a motor man, but he drove the shunter in summer snow plow in winter. Jenny
    Boyd work in the N.C.office from the day it opened when it closed Niel McIsaac
    wanted Lloyd to go into partners with him and start a bus line. Lloyd went into
    the garage business but Niel started the bus line and Jenny Boyd went to work
    for him. She married Burt Page in the meantime and continued working at McIsaac's
    till she took sick and passed away.  I had 4 children in 5 years in North
    Cobalt when I had Frank I went to Timmins to visit , I was told not to go. But
    I went to visit. I sent a telegram to George Gibbons station agent in North
    Cobalt. He put it on his desk it blew away. Lloyd didn't get it a week later he
    heard about the baby came rushing to Timmins with a suit case full of baby
    clothes he had gathered and got me. The first baby Lloyd felt bad about it.
    25. Our first Xmas we spent at the MacMillan's in New Liskeard


    26. We had a pump outside out door plumbing Cemical inside.
    27. Bill Dagenais had a grocery store, we paid him every pay day. He had 2
    deliveries daily In North Cobalt mother gave us our first cow. She hatched
    a hen and brought us the chickens, I churned and sold the butter to
    Mr. Dagenais,  one time the black cow went through the chickenhouse window
    got stuck in between and couldn't get  through the window. She was hanging there, I
    managed to get her out alone. We had some 30  chickens and we had our
    own eggs. Then we got 2 pigs, we would kill them and put the pork in bryne for
    summer use. We had a large garden where the public school is today. When
    Lloyd would go to work. I would go over to the garden and weed. I worked so hard
    I don't know how I did it. We took in the first boarder after the 1922 fire.
    Fred Allan his wife and 2 children. They had no place to stay. We didn't go
    to the College like a lot of the people in North Cobalt did the night of the
    fire. We stayed on the bank of Mill Creek. Lloyd kept going home to put the fires
    out. We had a carbide can full of water, we kept a blanket in the water when the
    fire came close we covered ourselves with the wet blanket. Our house didn't
    burn. The next day our house was full of people. Lloyd got an insurance check
    from Evans McQuaig in Haileybury. Lloyd took it back as our house didn't burn
    We didn't lose one of our animals. We moved to Cobalt 1936. In this same
    building we bought it from Oliver Blais Before Blais it was a hardware store
    owners lived up stairs, before that it was McNabs funeral home. The apartment
    over Blais Garage was an old fashioned V-Joint walls. It was very dirty. I had
    a Mr. Diary come and wash walls and a Mr. Hyatt did our wall papering, he
    lived on the silver center Road Emily Prescott stayed with me 6 weeks cleaning
    the place up. Lloyd started the garage and hired mechanics. He had 5 people
    working for him. Shop foreman was George Brackenburg, Lloyd employed a body
    man and 4 mechanics Ray Cloutier, Isaac Dunn, Jack Cloutier, Pete a drifter did
    painting , I befriended Jim Lew because people were very good to our boys. He
    stole money to buy  the boys clothes, he even took a knife to Audrey. He was crazy we put
    him out.He even broke in the Community Hall, we got rid of him. Frankie went into
    the army he was training to be an air gunner. Paul was an airforce mechanic. We
    used to buy all our  groceries from Pete McKewen, Bill Ross had a store on the hill
    before Percy Lemon bought it. There was Swartz store on Lang St. Ansara,
    Vellis Ladies wear, Mrs. Vellis was a little short woman. Rodden Deacon Shoe
    Sore, Peter Petracus. It was his father who had the store in New Liskeard. I
    remember the beaded curtains he had in his store, to divide the rooms. There
    was the Bijou on Lang st. Tripps livery stable. I used to ride my horse from
    New Liskeard to Tripps. He used to get baulking (the horse/ He wouldn't
    move for no one, he was a hackney,. There was a team there. I went into the
    livery stable and said come on Doc. He came out for me. The men sure looked
    35. Street cars, trains.
    36. Dr. Kase
    37. Frankie got his apppendix out in the miners hospital Mrs. G.W.Dixon was a
    nurse there. I had Paul at home in New Liskeard also Margaret Audrey was born at home in North Cobalt. The ball park was not too far from our place, when they had a circus, hundreds of people would come. The street car passed our door.
    We made tea and coffee also pies and sold them to the people. The Vinkles,
    Landrys Whitneys lived near us.
    48. Many pictures, dishes of Mothers etc. Percy Lemon and Lloyd had claims at
    Lorraine, Pere, Edith Loyd, Hugh MacMillan and I went to Silver Centre by train,
    got off the train before we came to silver centre where our claims were. We did
    assessment work. Edith and I would get the meals ready and take them out to the
    claims where the men were working. I remember when the old fire hall burnt
    on Silver Street in the spring of 1946. There was room at the back underneath for
    the firemen to keep their horses. People coming in from the country used to leave
    their horses there. Thats where the fire started.  It was the old red fire Hall. We
    bought the old fire hall across the street for storage space. We had cars
    stored there, lumber, old furniture to put in our cottage at Bass Lake. Logs for
    our new cottage. We had to peel the black off the logs. We had lumber from the
    mine managers house in Silver Centre. They had torn down. There was just everything
    in that building. All we saved was a hand made table. Its at the cottage now.
    Bill Burton and Holly Cook boughtt a piece of land at Bass Lake. Bill divided it
    into 11 lots. I bought 4 lots. Cecil Messenger and Dr. Dunning bought lots.
    Helen Burton still has a lot. Latimer & Smith, Harold McLean, bought
    Shaw's cottage. Shaw had bought from C.Landry.
    59. I made 17 quilts this last winter, out of tailors samples, and patch work.
    Two years ago I made 9 quilts.
    58. I used to swim as a youngster now entertain, grandchildren, travel, visit
    children. Love it at Bass Lake. Its my outlet. Lloyd died in 1956. He had his
    first heart attack 8 years before he died. Paul took over the garage when
    Lloyd died. The Canada Hotel across the wooden bridge in New Liskeard 1917.
    It was 5 stories high right beside the wooden bridge. I remember the boats
    on Lake Temiskaming the Zara, Dora, Gypsy, Blanche, Meteor and Temiskaming
    boats. I used to ride on them. Worked for Sam Greenwood old home across the
    bridge. My store was named Ice Cream Kandy Palace. The Misses Sirrs. When
    Epletts first started they started in the basement of the old opera house.
    Their ice cream was so good after City dairy. Mrs. MacMillan Sr. took a
    picture of their first plant after they moved out of the opera house 1916
    and 1917 Era. I like it here. I don't want to leave Cobalt as long as I can
    drive my car, I am still driving. Its home
    Mrs. L. MacMillan has lots of pictures of New Liskeard in the early 1900 era
    One inside of opera house with Miss Bevis.
     2. Mrs. MacMillan has a very keen memory re pictures etco


    Simone Bedard May 5th,1972
    1 hr. 15 minutes.

    1. Lorient Madore     Aline
    2. Leo
    4. 15 Ferland
    5. 679-5516
    6. Leo North Cobalt 58 yrs. old      
    Aline 52 years old           
    7. Leo North Cobalt                             Aline   Cobalt
    8. Leo Dad came from Ste. Rose de Lima Que.
            Leo - mother from Levis Que.
    10. Aline: my parents came to Cobalt around 1908
          Leo; my dad came around 1906
    11. Leo; I believe dad came by train
    13. Leo; dad was single when he came to Cobalt
          Aline; whan my parents came to Cobalt they had 1 child
    14. Leo; my dad was a miner
          Aline; my dad was a miner
    20. Leo; dad came to Cobalt to work in the mines
         Aline; my father came during the boom, he came to work in the mines as
    the wages were good
    22. A man worked 10 hours a day
    23. Leo; dad was getting $1.75 a day
    24. Aline; we were living on Earl St. and it was a wood frame house
    Leo; we had a two storey tin sheeted house
    25. Aline: we had a Christmas tree and we didn't have much in the line of
    toys, but we had plenty to eat and we had family gatherings.
    Leo; We didn't have a Christmas tree, but we'd hang our stockings and
    we'd get candies and an apple or orange and a little toy made of paper
    26. Aline: we had moved on a farm on Silver Centre Rd. after the 1922 fire
    and we had a well outside.
    27. Aline: we had coal oil lamps
    28. Aline & Leo; wood burning stove
    29. Aline & Leo; we also had a furncae for Winter
    30. Aline: There were a few storesD North Cobalt. Iremember Mr. Dagenais
    and Mr. Adolphe Legault General Store
    31. Aline: we were living on a farm and we each had our turn to come to
    town with our parets.
    32. we played ball with the kids
    33. Aline & Leo we went to school in North Cobalt
    34. Aline: i went to grade 8 Leo: I went to grade 3
    35. Aline: We used horses and dad bought a car around 1930. Leo; horse & buggy
    36. Aline: Dr. Taylor or Hitchell was our familydoctor. Leo; Dr. Creaser
    was our family doctor
    37  Leo; my mother had a leg amputated by Dr. Joyal Sr. in the Haileybury
    Hospital in 1914.
    38. My first child was born on the farm in North Cobalt.
    39. Lina has a commercial course and worked for Bill Clark & Francis
    Irene went to grade 10 and she also worked for Hill Clark Francis
    Claudette went to grade 10 and worked for Morissette Diamond Drilling Ltd.
    Denise has her commercial course and she also worked for Morissette
    Diamond Drilling Ltd.
    Diane had her grade 10 and worked for Dr. Bourgeois in New Liskeard
    Wildred has his grade 11 and works at the Sherman Mine
    Fernand goes to St. Mary's secondary School
    41.I worked at the Ventur }Mine in Matachewan and I did tramming
    42. The miners had hand mucking & hand steeling contests
    43. We had everything home-made
    44. We had three big meals a day and everything was home-made
    45. Leo; We came to Cobalt and bought a good pair of Khaki pants for 98¢
    we'd wear shirts & boots or running shoes. Aline: We'd wear dresses
    and running shoes or we'd go bare foot
    46. Aline: We had a hat and a nice dress with black patent leather shoes
    Leo: I was 13 when I got my first suit and it cost $12.50
    47. Aline: We went to Church on Sunday and then our friends from Cobalt would
    come and play horse shoe at the farm, sometimes they would even stay
    over for supper.
    Leo: We'd go to church and we'd harness the horse and go visiting our
    friends on the farms.
    49. Aline & Leo; I was born and raised around here. I find that the  people
    are very friendly.
    51. The new library, renovations of the town and parks have all improved
    52. no.
    77. We wouldn't like to see it disappear, so long as they keep it going
    57. We love summer most as we like to go fishing, on picnics and we also
     like to travel
    58. Aline: I go to Bingos
    59. Aline: I knit, crochet and I like to sew. Leo; I like to do repairs on
    washing machines
    60. Anything that would give work such as a factory
    61. Tourists would be interested in what Cobalt has to offer



    Carmen Stubinski

    1. Joseph Mallick
    2. Joe
    5. 679-8108 17 Cobalt St.,Cobalt,Ont.
    6. 52 years old
    7. Born in Cobalt
    Joe's mother and dad came to Cobalt in 1908 as immigrants. His dad came from
    Austria. His mother from Poland. They met and were married in Cobalt.
    Joe received his education at St. Patrick's school. Has lived in Cobalt all
    his life. He quit school when he was 15 years old., worked in the mines all
    his life. He worked 18 years at Silver Miller, late Regent Mine ,
    Worked for Steve Bond at the University Mine. Also Casey Cobalt a total of
    28 years in the mines. He went to Yellowknife for Mr. Russel but didn f t stay
    lone. Started to work for Jake Koza and is still with Jake. Joe is an ardent
    fisherman.
    1. Violet Mallick (Mrs.. Joe)
    2. Vi
    3. Violet Grazelle
    4. 17 Cobalt St. Cobalt,Ont.
    5. 679-8108
    6. 50 years old
    7. Born in Haileybury
    8. Mother was born in Haileybury. Dad was born in Cashe Bay 0 Mother and
    dad were married in Haileybury
    10. Went to work for Bank of Commerce in 1941
    13. There were 3 boys and 1 girl in her family all born and raised in Haileybury
    14. Miner
    15. stenographer
    16. worked for Jake Koza
    17. stenographer hold customs brokers license.
    Joe and Vi were married in Englehart in 1946. Came to Cobalt and lived in
    the Fraser Hotel for 5 years. Then they bought their home on Cobalt St. and
    have lived there ever since 1952.
    The Grazelle home was on Meridian Ave, Haileybury. We had a water tap in our
     kitchen - but no sink. We had. an outdoor, chambers under the beds. We had a
    beautiful large Findlay Cook Stove. We had a round Quebec heater in our
    front room. The stove pipe went through my bedroom. This is how the
    upstairs was heated. Mother used flat irons, which were alwasys on the stove.
     Don't ever recall her ever having an electric iron. Mother died in 1932. In
    1930 I remember dad getting mother a copper electric washing machine. It
    used the spin the clothes dry.
    36., Dr. Jackson took a cyst off my lip when I was 5 years old.
    38. Stephen was born in the Haileybury Hospital
    39. Stevie quit school in Grade 10. He and Peter Larabie played guitars.
    They formed a band. When they first started out they called themselves the
    "Visions" later the "Hestilationss, Danny McNeil was the drummer. The band
    reformed after Danny left. Stevie took over the drums. Now they call
    themselves "Every Mothers Mistake. Now they are a popular band. I always
    like Cobalt there is no divide. That was the main reason for coming here to
    live.
    48. I am a hoarder. I've got lots of things I went to St. Mary's Academy as
    a youngster took commercial in grades 9 and 10
    51. Cleaned up a lot. There is not the shops like there used.to be. The
    Stadleman block nearly falling over was torn down and a park made.
    52. I don't like the mail system its terrible. It took 3 days to get a letter
    from North Bay. The Express service is terrible. They took our express
    offices away and many other businesses. This doesn't really seem fair.
    53. I like Cobalt
    55. Yes
    56. More secondary industry of some sort to keep our young people home and in
    the area.
    57. Early sping, early fall
    59. Cross word puzzles, music
    60. more secondary industry
    61. tourists
    62. Museum, mines, mine tours, sight seeing, beautiful scenery, Cobalt's
    hospitality.
    1. We need more Doctors, dentists and lawyers in Cobalt
    2. Mr. & Mrs J. Mallick - never go out.


    1. Florence Malick         May 5, 1972       2 3/4 hrs
       Mrs. Steve
    3. Florence Pirie
    4. 63 1/2 Cobalt St., Cobalt
    5. 679-8719
    6. 60 years old
    7. North Cobalt, R.Rol
    8. Mother Ottawa Valley, dad in Scotland
    9. Quyon Quebec
    10. 1938
    13.  7 children, 9 of us
    14. mining engineer
    15. store clerk
    16. Recovering from accident car. two years ago and left disabled
    17. owner of Florence's Ladies Wear
    18. Nice little town. Many places of bU$iness operating
    19. busy
    20. being born here and there was work.
    21. All types, mines, mills, stores, restaurants, telephone offices
    22 Worked at Buckovetsky's 8:30 to 6:40 daily Sat. 8:30 to 11 p.m.
    two weeks before X-mas worked till 10:40 watch night X-mas eve to 11:30 p.m.
    23. $12. per week. I remember my first X-mas bonus of $5. till the war broke out.
    Then the manager gave us 2% of our years wages. I worked and saved one yea
    to have the first telephone installed on the farm. There was a scarcity of wire
    because of the war. With my two brothers being overseas in the war, we finally
    got the phone in ahead of the others.
    24. It was a log house. Plaster between the logs. It was located in Lorraine
    Valley near the Old Mission. It had a living room, dining room and kitchen
    downstairs, a cellar with stairs and 3 bedrooms upstairs
    25. Yes. I remember excitement of our school X-mas tree and concert. I always led
    in the singing and had my own solo (ha). To this day I can't stand jumpers and
    hair ribbons, mother always had a goose and hard candy. Dad always had a
    barrel of apples every fall. (we sorted in our cellar). My older brother
    would always come home for X-mas and bring the gifts, He'll bring home the
    toys and games. He was Santa himself
    26. We had to get our water about 500 ft. from the house at a spring. We always
    carried a yoke my dad made with a pail on each end of the yolk.
    27. Coal oil lamps
    28. Wood cook stove. We burnt wood
    29. Square box stove in the front room. We always had lots of wood piled up
    outside as we lived in thebush.
    30. Armstrong the Blacksmith, stores, restaurants, 3 banks, Woolworth's,
    Herbert Fuels. A very large farmers market under the old town hall where
    the TTL is today
    31. In Lorraine every second week, we had formed a social club, we would
    alternate and have our parties in different homes. We played games and had
    lunch. We found our own entertainment. I can remember a trip on the Meteor
    We went to Haileybury Ville Marie then home to the Old Mission. I also
    remember when the Old Meteor was grounded in the narrows at the Old Mission
    It was there a year or so. Dad met us at the old Mission when we came back
    from our boat trip. I remember the Girl Guides coming from New Liskeard to
    Camp at the Old Mission (before Camp Lorraine) One Sunday they took my
    sister Ida and I on a pilgrimmage to the Grotto in Ville Marie
    32. sleigh riding, skiing
    33. The only school in South Lorraine when I tried my entrance I tried them in
    the school at Silver Centre.
    35. We walked 3 miles to school night and morning. If there was a snow storm in
    the winter. One of the farmers would hitch up a sleight and team of horses
     and come and get us to take us home.
    36.. Dr. Jackson
    37. Mines Hospital on the hill, and Nurses residence behind it.
    41. Farming, mining. My dad had a fann. He would plant fields of potatoes. We
    kids had to help plant and pick them in the fall. He sold them to the mines
    in Silver Centre.
    43. I can tell you about farmers meals. In winter we had beef and pork and we
    had our own chickens
    44. In summer we had salt pork only that mother had put down in salt, brine,
    in barrels in early spring. Dad had a killing and mother salted the pork.
    Our only fresh meat was when mother and dad came to town with horses and
    wagon to shop. They would come back bologna and sausages and believe me
    that was a treat. Mother used to put the eggs in a crock with course salt
    for the winter use. Mother made home-made bread and soon as we were old
    enough we did too. Mother made all her own pickles in summer. We picked blue
    berries, wild strawberries and raspberries. Mother preserved enough for the
    winters use. PIus lots of rhubarb.
    45. Little cotton dresses, mostly hand me downs. We bleached fine sugarbags
    which took weeks to take the print off them. Dyes then to make bloomers,
    dresses and slips. We sold blueberries an 11 qt. basket at 50¢ to buy shoes
    and trimmings extra.
    48. An orange Carival glass fruit bowl of mother's that she made me clean all
    the time when I was a youngster.
    49. The people
    50. Friendliness. The atmosphere of Cobalt
    51. New streets, new subdivisions, example the Lions Club making a park out of
    Cobalt Lake. They way the town is kept clean people restoring the homes and
    buildings.
    52. First, since I opened my store I have seen in the past 11 years one Bucks
    leave town of Cobalt, 2nd ONR telephone exchange taken away then the hydro.
    Then the express office then northern telephone lastly closed the station and
    freight shed. TBS went later. I had a good busiess from employees locally
    employed. That gradually were replaced by help outside of Cobalt. The service
    from the Express today is terrible. Before this centralization I could phone
    Montreal for merchandise and I could get it the next day. Not no, it takes
    a matter of 4 days or more. Our mail system is suffering. Going back to express
    again I can't understand why we should be penalized by high freight express
    and gasoline rates in the north. In this effort of trying to take away
    grade 13 in Cobalt I see the difference now that they are bussing pupils
    from Temagami and Latchford to New Liskeard High School. They are by-passing
    our stores as it is. I had fair business from these students. I'm glad the
    citizens of Cobalt took their stand on removing grade 13. It would have been
    the first moved of all our school to be taken away from us, and our business
    would suffer. We had a good payroll from the people of Upper Notch, Ragged
    Chutes. Since the project has been finished it had to be centralized at
    New Liskeard. Instead of leaving hydro headquarters in Cobalt which
    means these families have taken up residence in New Liskeard another
    large payroll gone.
    55. yes
    56. The new hospital to be buuilt why not in near by Coleman Township. Central
    to Temagami where there is no hospital. 39 miles north of Temagami and 60
    miles south where water is rated the best, Coleman would be the more
    suitable area. We have no drug store 2 or 3 secondary industries to use our
    own raw materials. I would like to see the natural hills for skiing and
    ski-doo trails, made available for unorganized sports.
    57. summer
    58.  my store
    60. More jobs made available for our young people. Holiday and part-time.
    Industry to give them independance. Young people are willing to work and
    asking for work of this town. They are not afraid to work. They need their
    -in dependence
    .61.  tourists, financers
    62. museum, historical background open rock cuts with ice. Near by Ragged Chutes
    the only one of its kind in the world. Hydraulic air blow off. Dr. Drummond's
    Cairn, Highway Book Stotre largest in Ontario. Unique scenery, could be and
    is an artists paramide with our winding streets an art narrow lanes and
    the homes built on the side of the hills.

    Highlights

    My brother Charlie worked for the Cobalt Nugget in the early days went
    overseas 1914 to 1919 Vfuenhe came back he went to work for the Porcupine Advancer
    ~.
    ,Joanna Stubinski March 8,1972      1 1/4  hour

    1. Mrs. Frank Marcella
    2. Rita
    3. Persian
    4. 8 Townsite
    5. 679-8147
    6. 55
    7. Spanish,Ont.
    8. Dad in Cornwall. Mom, Quebec near Ottawa
    9. Manitoulin Island - Little Current
    10. 1948
    11. train
    12. Moved from st. Catherines with 4 children came CNR then ONR
    13. Had 4 children and husband
    14. Department of Highways
    15. Housewife
    16. Retired
    17. Housewife
    18. Saw Cobalt in 1934 - lot of stores then - when she came to live in 1948.
    She thought it was a ghost town.
    19. not as busy as it is now.
    20. Husband couldn't stand the climate too damp- he was originally from Haileybury
    21. mines - store clerks - hydro - telephone offices
    22.
    23.
    24. Commission St. in Riley's house, 2 storey
    25. good went out visiting
    26. running
    27. hydro
    28. wood stove
    29. wood and coal
    30. Buck's -TBS - Dominion - Patti Hassett - weren't too many.
    31. show - made their own entertainment
    32.
    33. Sturgeon Falls
    34. grade 10
    35. cars - trains and buses
    36. Dr. Dunning
    37. had to go to Haileybury
    38. Sudbury
    39. . Wayne, Gary and Jimmy 19 Lois 18
    40. Wayne in RCMP, Gary and Jimmy in mine Lois married other 2 in school.
    41.
    42.
    43.
    44.
    45.Housedresses, blouses and skirts - never wore slacks
    46. Dressed up
    47. Went to church - loafed around and cooked dinner
    48. Towels and pillow slips
    49. It's a peaceful town no rushing
    50. Just likes peace and quiet
    51. miners Festival - town looks better, newer stores.
    52..none
    53. no
    54.
    50. yes
    60.  bring sewers to Townsite Rd. and area and pave the road.
    57. summer because she can sit outside
    58. bowling and watching TV. Sings in the choir.
    59. washing-and just lives it - used to knit and embroider
    60. Brought in new industries need more stores - this would give more work -
    some kind of plant
    61. working class
    62. museum tours - good hunting and fishing - people of Cobalt are sociable
    and friendlly
    HIGHLIGHTS
    Rita's hobby makes me laugh - she says she could wash continuously - all day
    long but hates ironing - the truth is every time you go past her place guess
    what? there's washing on the line .Somedays she just hunts for rags to wash.

    ---- Lucy Damiani April 3,1972 6:45 - 8:00

    1. Donato Marchione
    2.none
    3. Teresa di Pede wife
    4. 15 Third Street
    5. 679-8318
    6. 55 years old born Nov.27,19l6
    7. Sora Prov. of Frosinone Italy. wife in Sora Prov. of Frosinone Italy
    8. Father in Sora, Mother in Arpino
    9. Italy
    10. 22nd April 1955
    11. by Rosa Star steamship lines
    12. Arrived in Quebec City Apr.24,. 1955 came to Cobalt by way of North ,Bay
    13. my wife a son Antonio and myself
    l4. miner
    15. housewife
    16. miner
    17. chambermaid
    18. I thought I was coming to a bush camp the town I came from was a lively town
    of 35,000 people.
    19. mines were still operating
    20. I came to Cobalt to work in the mines. My brother-in-law was already here
    and he wrote me to come out to get work and it was a good country to work in
    21. mines, TTL, Cobalt Foundry, Northern Metal, Koza Ltd.
    22. 8 hours a day 6 days a week
    23. $1.25 per hour. I feel miners are not paid enough nowadays for the work
    we do its raised to $3. per hour this is low wages in comparison to
    other mining towns and also according to the higher pricing of commodities
    food, heating, etc. I worked at the O'Brien mine from May 1955 until it
    was sold out then I went to school for my new boss, Agnico under the
    shift manager Pete Labelle.
    24. I moved in with my brother in law for a year when I first came. Then I
    bought a large two storey frame building on Lang street in 1957. It was a
    5 room house. Two years  ago I bought a newer home on Third Street
    and sold my first one. This is a two storey dwelling with cement
    foundation three rooms upstairs three rooms downstairs and a large lot
    beside the house which I use for a garden.
    25. My first Christmas here was quite memorable thanks to many friends in
    ~and han a good time.
    26. Water in home hot and cold, 3 piece bath
    27. Electricity with a few commodities iron toaster, washer, small radio,
    fridge, stove and TV
    28. Our first home we cooked with wood in this home we are using oil and
    electricity
    29. Oil for heating
    30. Buckovetskys TBS, cuckoo clock, Shaws drug store, Cains Furniture, Rowdon
    Hardware, Blacks Hardware, Damiani's Grocery Dominion Store & Empire
    meat market, Smiths clothing, Woolworths
    31. Classic theatre, bowling alley, Finn Hall where we had a lot of good
    Italian parties and dances, two hotels
    32. Bocce mostly
    33. no I went to school in Italy before coming here
    34. 5 years equivalent to 8th grade here.
    35. Cars buses, trains, air travel
    36. Dr. Dunning
    37. There was a good sized Red Cross Hospital when we arrived
    38. In Italy Antonio born in 1947.
    39. Quit school at nineteen
    40. Went to work in Toronto as a mechanic
    41. My friends back home kept telling me it would be a hard place to work,
    but I found conditions for working and I soon adjusted to it. I worked
    with a nice gang of fellows and this also helped to make it easier.
    42. Diamond drilling contests mucking machine contests held every first of July
    on the Buffalo Slimes
    43. I used to carry a lunch pail to work with a couple of sandwiches, a piece
    of ,cheese some fruit and a thermos of coffee
    44. We have always made the main meal supper at our house and its always a
    meat, macaroni, chicken roast lasagna, very good my wife is an excellnt cook
    45. during the week I wear slacks and sports shirts
    46. On Sunday I like to dress up in a suit or nice shirt and trousers, but if
    I'm just relaxing around the house I wear casual clothes.
    47. I like visiting with friends playing cards in the summer we play bocce or
    go to the beach in the winter I like watching TV
    48. My wife brought all her linens, when she came she has since used them. We
    have some old pictures we cherish and I have an Italian pocket watch. I
    brought with me when I came
    49. Its a quiet town maybe too quiet when there is no employment
    50. Because as you get older you can enjoy the peace and quiet.
    It has been a good town to raise my family. We don't have too many teenager
    problems with our children.
    51. I have to say the town looks better with the new buildings the parks, nice
    new subdivision with new homes the town has cleaned up a lot of the old
    torn down buildings It is trying to revive the shopping area by fixing
    up the buildings down town and now that Mastermet settlement came through
    people are looking after their homes and grounds.
    52. I like all the changes the only thing I really mind is not having training
    schools
    53 or job opportunities for the young my son left to go to Toronto to work
    in another year my daughter will be leaving.
    54. I don't think these people should leave Cobalt. We
    are losing future homemakers and citizens
    55. No particular change other than employment or opportunities to keep our
    people or opportunities to keep here so we may keep expanding and
    bettering our community.
    56. We have so much in our favour. Weather conditions are good we have natural
    bundance in lakes fishing hunting no pollution in lakes or in the
    air, living conditions are good as far as raising a family goes in the way
    of city facilities. I would like to see more for entertainment for our
    young people, organized sports a good recreation program and certainly
    a complex where indoor activities and sports could be held Since we are going
    to have to go with regional schools(I don't agree with this or sending
    students out of town)there will be at least two large schools in Cobalt that
    could be utilized for useful purpose so perhaps a .- youth complex.
    57. I like the summer its so nice for going for walks to the beach, playing
    bocce gardening or just talking over the back fence.
    58. I like fishing hunting going to Caboto Club meetings and parties thanks to
    the festival of summer, 1970 we formed an llalian club and although it has
    a small membership of about 50 we do appreciate having our own kind of club
    59. I like to garden
    60. I'm not sure but I know if we could get a price for our silver we'd be
    alright because as any miner will tell you there is still much silver in
    the Cobalt mines.
    61. I don't know  tourist trade is so profitable do they spend that much
    money when they come. I have seen American cars with a trailer and a boat
    They come loaded with groceries except a few perishables. They bring their
    own boats fuel etc. is this the kind of visitor we want
    62. We do have much to offer but is all for free lakes, parks, hunting grounds
    most historical sights so if we intend to get their dollar we have to
    charge and this they don't like. I also feel we the residents should have the
    benefit of hunting and fishing for ourselves for a few weeks before the tourists
    come in.
    Highlights
    I want to say that I would like to continue living in Cobalt I have been
    unemployed since Christmas and if something doesn't soon come up I may have to
    leave. I don't like to keep living on my benefits. I would rather work. Maybe
    we should get government aid in a subsidy on silver to keep mining it. In any
    event I am hopeful something will soon come up. This is"the Best Old Town"and I
    want to keep living in it.


    Joanna Stubinski March 3,1972
    2 t hours
    10 Mrs. Albinia Marcotte
    2. Bince
    3. Albinia Fillion
    4. 46 Nickle St.
    5. 679-8439
    6. 72
    7. Montreal
    8. Montreal
    9. Both came from Buckingham, Que.
    10. 1906
    11. Train and Cobalt station was as far as the track went. Same station today.
    12. From Montreal Ottawa to North Bay north to Cobalt
    13. 4
    140 Lumber Jack
    15. Housemaid
    16. Died 1964
    17. Retired
    l7a. My husband went to 1st world war, 3 brothers, 1 sister too.
    18. I came here when I was 6 years old and disappointed there was only a
    few cabins and tents to live in.
    19. It was all bush, there were no mines going then. Cobalt Lake was beautiful
    then clean water no cinide on its shores - the first mine to operate to
    my knowledge was the Larose Mine later the Nipissing, that's when the slag
    was dumped in Cobalt Lake.
    20. My dad came to Cobalt to work in the bush. He heard there was lots of
    wood to cut here and money to be made.
    21. Logging. Shipped logs out by box car. Logs to build shocks and telegraph
    poles.
    22. My dad worked daylight till dark he got up before daylight and came home
    after dark. He died when he was 101. Died in Haileybury hospital.
    23. Not very much.
    24. We lived in French town. It was a log cabin that had been built when we
    came here. When we moved to Cobalt we had furniture but left it in Montreal.
    So my dad made his own. Bed were made of wooden planks nailed to the wall
    the spring of boards. Hay for a mattress - used sugar and flour bags made
    white and stuffed with hay. When you live in Montreal and had everything
    and then had to sleep on a hay bed. It was really discouraging , she started to cry.
    when telling me. Grandfather made benches and tables. Most outstanding was
    the hay bed. Used stumps of trees for chairs. Log cabin, 1 large room
    25. Yes, we had a tree and had to make our own ornaments - couldn't do much
    as we didn't have  much to work with. Put my own stocking up for Santa Claus
    26. Used to buy water. My uncle had a horse - in summer wagon - in winter a
    sleigh. He had a large wooden barrel - a tap he made himself and he used
    to sell water for 10¢ a pail.
    27. We use coal oil lanterns on the table.
    28. Big iron cook stove had to heat water on top of stove.
    29. Used wood in cook stove.
    30. 1 store - didn't have much just the necessary things flour, sugar etc.
    100 Ibs. of sugar, flour we saved the boys to make sheets, pillow cases,
    towels, aprons, bedspreads, couldn't buy much, we had to make our own
    bread etc.
    31. None - parties among ourselves - cards
    32, Slide down hills - take a board or piece of tin - Dad made them a bob sleigh.
    33. First school on this side of bridge. It was just a house with benches in it.
    Weren't too many kids when they built the bridge they built a new
    school across the right of way bridge. Can't remember the name.
    34. Not too long. I was sick a lot.
    35. Horse sleighs - wagons - buggies.
    36. Dr. Schmidt.
    37. None here then.
    38.  8 miles in the bush - near Mrs. Conroys place where Mercier's live now.
    He weighed 12 Ibs. Had my baby alone. My husband walked and ran all the
    way to Cobalt, but too late. Mrs. Jack Armstrong came out and fixed up the
    baby. That was Wilfred.
    39. Wilfred died young.
    40. Joe 14 when he went to work at foundry. Rosaire 14 for Greenside.
    Blanche married at 16. Claire 15 an elevator operator. Out of 9 children
    5 lived
    41. Lots of mines and mills.
    42.
    43. Lunch basket.
    44. Big meal at night
    45. Long dresses, white collar
    46.  Fancy dresses plaid. Had a pair of white and 1 black high buttoned boots.
    In summer a large straw hat - winter toques and scarfs - Red and black
    felt boots.
    47. Go to church and stay home
    48. Lost everything in the fire on Lang St. 1948.
    8. I like it here, I'm going to die here.
    50. My friends and home always here.
    51. It's a lot better now. But I never go out much. It was rough and tough
    in the early days and the boom was on. Lots of blind pigs. Lots of fights
    The foreigners did a lot of fighting. Many people made their money blind
    pigging.
    52.
    53.
    54.
    55. Yes.
    56. Today there is no work like there used to be. We need work for our men
    and families.
    57. Spring and fall. It's nice for me.
    58. Watching TV
    59. Cooks
    60. Worried about my family
    62. Mine tours, Lake

    Highlights

    Mrs. Marcotte doesn't like cars - she still likes horse and buggies best.
    She doe go out as she is afraidl of cars. Really liked the hospital on the
    corner. Mine hospital and electric cars. Was really frightened when 1922 fire
    was on.
    This had to be translated as Mrs. Marcotte speaks only French.



    Carmen Stubinski May 18,1972   4 hours

    1. Walter Hylands
    2. Sonny
    4. 102 Galena St. Cobalt
    5. 679-8360
    6.  72 years old Born 1900
    7. St. Albans, England, came to Canada 1903. They settled on a ranch
    homesteading at Pincher Creek, Alberta. My dad came to Cobalt 1905 with my
    mother and oldest sister. I stayed with my grandmother till 1907. I came by
    train. I had 2 sisters and 2 brothers there were seven of us children. My
    parents lived in Scotland, Johannesburg. Grace my sister was born there.
    Mother went to Italy, where her mother and dad were
    living. They came all the way by Cape Horne. Mother was pregnant. The baby was
    born in Italy and died in Italy. From Pincher Creek, mother and dad went on a
    prospecting trip to the Yukon. When we came here we stayed at the Cobatl Hotel
    till dad got us a house. Half way between Baker and Cobalt St. It was a cement
    block house. When dad first came to Cobalt he worked in the mine later he
    went into the real estate business. He owned approximately 30 residents. We
    had no water in the house, we bought light and power supplied our electricity
    14. Nipissing Mill in summer 1918. Later as engineer, he worked on bonus.
    Was in Rouyn from 1926-27-28
    15. Nurse
    16. Retired Dec. 31,1971.
    17. Retired
    18. The Cobalt Mining boom brought here
    21. Worked in mines, mill and construction
    22. 3 - 8 hour shifts
    23. worked for $2.50 in 1914 and 1915
    24. House on Jamieson St. when I had typhoid fever. We lived in that house
    practically all my life at home. In 1934 they sold the house for $400.
    Mr. Earl station agent for TNO lived in one of dads houses.
    28. Mother had a happy thought cook stove the name - was across the warming
    oven. I've never shovelled so much sncw in all my life as I did in that
    house. There was always piles of ashes on the street in the spring when the
    snow melted.
    30. I remember the Jamieson: Meat Market. Mr. Campbell lived above the store.
    Bill Ross delivered for them, McNab's undertaker where McMillans garage
    is today. Tom Rowe and Oliver Blais took the building over and made a
    garage out of it. Oliver Blais Sr. lived next door and underneath where he
    lived there was a blacksmith shop and he shoed horses there. There
    was an ice cream parlour next to the corner store.
    - Severt across from the High School. The Stadleman block was called the Johnson
    block. Remember the empire theatre, across the lane down to Gamble Robinsons.
    Where Cain's store was. It was the Buffalo Store. Phil Cain's father was mine
    captain at the Beaver and Temiskaming , He had a secondhand store where
    Lloyd Doan lives today. There was Aussies Candy Store beside the Chinese
    laundry. Quirt had a bake shop where Brosko is today, G.W.Dixon and Saunders
    had a blueprint mapping office. Next to that was a jewellery store. Then there
    was the telephone office. Then the YMCA. John Ough'ts butcher shop, next Harry
    White clothing next Taylor Hardware, they had a trolley cash box. Holly's
    Barber was part of the Grand Theatre, where Dr. Dunnings office is today was
    a chinese luandry. It also was Dr. Hare and Dr. McLarens office at one time.
    Then Devlins Drug store Code and Code Tommy and Stanley were Ontario Land
    surveyors. They had an office upstairs on the corner before the Bilsky block
    was built. Mr. MacKay had a livery stable on the corner. Tittinson had a
    store at the spur line on Swamp street.
    31. The Orpheum theatre, we used to go there for a nickel, further up the
    street was the North Bay Hotel, next to the hotel was the princess theatre
     north side. That is where they had the vaudeville on Lang St. where the
    Empire and Bijou. The Grand and where the Wallace block was the
    Opera House.
    32. All we did all winter was skate and ski. We made our own bob sleighs
    We used a 2 x 10 plank. We used to start at the top of Prospect
    straight down the hill to the station. We had to watch for the teams of
    horses. In summer we had a camp at the portage end of Anaman. Debinarda and
    Aaron Parcher the Chief of police had the commercial rights for fishing.
    Aaron Parcher was who we bought our camp from in 1915. As kids we played on
    the Coniagas property. We played baseball. We had a soccer team. We'd go to
    the YMCA for gymnastics. We swam at Peterson Lake. We used to pick raspberries
    and sell them for 35¢ a quart. My dad had a sail boat on Cobalt Lake it upset
    once and my dad got a broken rib. My dad used to play tennis at the 2 courts
    at Sass Lake. He helped organize the tennis in Cobalt. He was one of the prime
    movers of the Citizens liberty league against prohibition. We always had a keg
    of beer in our cellar. He used to send to Montreal for a keg of oysters.
    Mother used to bake Brown bread. Mother put eggs down in bryne. We used to
    get fresh fish from O'Connors Fish Market in Montreal. Flounders, Finn and
    Haddie. I was a stick boy for the Cobalt Lake Mine Team each mine had their
    own hockey team. O'Brien, McKinley Darragh, Nipissing and Cobalt Lake. Wanderers
    from Ottawa, Montreal Royals, they were professional hockey players, equivalent
    to NHL today. I remember the pipe organ they had in the arena.
    33. Public school built in 1907. Went to High school in Haileybury, there was no
    high school here. We went by street car. It was 25¢ per week tickets were sold
    at 5 for 25¢. I started out with straight Matrix Mr. G.Cole was the teacher
    at the mining school. It was part of the girls basement that they used as a
    class room. Eddie McDonough, Fred Austin, Bram Watkins mining subjects such as
    drafting surveying strength of materials milling, mining. This is vvhere it
    originated. Then they built the old mining school 1917 1918 ..We had to join
    the cadets at school. We dressed up in army uniforms putties and all. We had
    to do drilling in the yard whether we wanted to or not. It was war years. Went
    to high school till 1919 Harold Fancy, Cunningham Dunlop Sr. we all
    graduated 1919. We had to make our own scroll for the certificate. Then I
    went to Queens for 2 years Then I worked for McIntyre in summer. The big black
    flies were numerous where I stayed that was in South Porcupine. Brewer had a
    livery stable on Grandview and Cobalt street had had 30 to 40 teams of horses.
    Where the market is today was another livery stable later Wilson's took it over!
    All horses and buggies 1914- 1915 street cars and trains. Con Connelly drove
    his horse's to haul the ore from the Fantier to the Mining Corp in Cobalt. He
    was teamster at the McKinley Darragh. The first car my dad had was a 1917
    Hupmobile. It was a 1914 model.  We could only drive to New Liskeard. Later
    to Latchford. It was a bad sand hill near Underwoods. Later they planked it.
    36. Dr. Schmidt.
    37. It was a miners hospital, later a municipal Hospital May (Creighton)
    Hyland worked as a nurse there 1931 - 32 era. Miss Knight, Miss
    Doherty were there and Miss Reed. Mrs. Hyland did private nursing. I
    used to visit the nurses in the sewing room. We took them up ice cream
    Miss Eva Holley and Miss Childerhose nurses there.
    38. Amos Que.
    390 Vivian went to grade 13 in Cobalt, then Guelph University she got married
    went to Simmons College in Boston to finish Home economics. Judy went to
    grade 12 in Cobalt. Took a secretarial course in Toronto. Her first job
    was with Dalton Dean.
    41. All different, heavier than they do it today. Hand tramming, hand steeling,
    then they came along with the steel drill. We kept thawing cans to keep
    the powder from freezing. We used candles for lamps with candle holders,
    that you could hook on your hat. There were no safety hats
    42. Hand drilling, hand steeling. They used to hold the contests at the West
    Cobalt Ball park. They would use a large piece of granite, and build a platform
    around it to stand and compete.
    43. Round granite lunch pail, tea in bottom of it, lunch on the top.
    44. after shift.
    45. knickers bloomer type, black stockings black boots. In winter we wore long
    underwear, sweaters, leather coats, Baladova hats. We used to hunt
    spring and fall for rabbits.
    47. Sunday school, church, the family was very strict till my brother died.
    Then mother wasn't so strict, we spent Sunday quiet. To play tennis we had
    to change clothes, before we could do anything
    48. Dad's tools
    49. Its been my home all these years I have moved and worked allover the north.
    Amos Noranda, South Porcupine, Malartic, Prince Rupert, Victoria Yellow
    Knife, Worked at Cares Dam. Worked for Agnico 1951 till I retired Jan.1972
    My home is here. I've buillt my life around Cobalt. I'm here to stay.
    51. Old buildings torn down. Cleaned up streets opened up streets and paved
    them. Restored old homes. Built new ones. Agnico and Glen Lake had a
    revival. Renovations town hall. It was good for Cobalt.
    52. It wasn't good for the town businesses and payrolls leaving town.
    53. I like it. Its the best spirit and hospitality in the north.
    55. yes
    56. I would like to see them find new mines in the area. I feel I'd like to
    see this restoration program go through to the fullest.
    57. Summer
    58. Boating, fishing, go to my summer camp
    59. Gardening, carpentry work, odd jobs around house.
    60. To make more jobs competitive industry suitable for the area.
    61. Someone that wants to live a back woods life. Small town life. We are close
    to the woods, walking distance from the bush lakes. Its a free and easy
    life either in your job or mode of living.
    620 Appearance of an old mining town. Tourist attraction. Old and  new. Mining
    tours, museum, good fishing, we did have if the lakes were restocked. Good
    beaches, parks, Bass Lake.
    We lived in Roy Sullivan's house on Commission St. for 4 years 1946. St.
    Patricks school was McKinnons planing mill and lumber yard. Smith's Studio
     started his photography business in Cobalt. When they closed the stamp mills
    and took away the bucket so It was so quiet in Cobalt you'd think something was
    wrong.
    1. Walter Hylands would be a good person to help with restoration. He lived
    down town nearly all his life.



    Joanna Stubinski
    Interview    April 17, 1972    1 1/2 hrs.
     
    1.
    Mrs. Alice Martineau
    2.Desjardins
    3.1 Cobalt
    4.679-5531
    5.Store keeper
    6.Ottawa
    7.Mother in North Cobalt
        Father in Cobalt
    8.married Ralph Martineau
    9.    37
    10.  My childrengo go to the french school when their older they will go to Academy st. Marie
    in Haileybury. As for as I'm concerned the education is A 1 in the area
    11. Think it's dead, will have to do something as far as working is concerned. If the men don't
    work it effects the whole town, as there is no money to spend
    No job opportunities what so ever also no braining facilities, when the kids get older they
    have to leave town as there is nothing here at all. I don't think the wages are very good
    for the high cost of living in town
    .No complaints always had good service, roads are always kept up for a small town. The men are
    really on the job, snow plowing garbage collecting, I have no kick what so ever.
    Not enough businesses in town we could use a woolworth's store children's wear, ladies wear,
    another supermarket for competition, everything is one sided and if you haven't the means to
    go out of town and shop .you just have to pay the price.
    Recreation is really lax even with our once Rec. Director especially for young people, sports
    wise and entertainment wise. I never go to Classic when you walk in you see about 5 teenagers
    running the whole thing. It should be older people.
    Yes, should beautify the town make it look brighter, this would give more jobs, start a new
    council with new people, younger men and women with new ideas, down to other people not
    people that are only interested in putting the almighty dollar in their own pocket.
    12. Have only been here 4 yrs. nothing has really affected us. Cobalt has been good to us
    and we like it.
    13. Need more employment more recreation, better job opportunities better variety of stores
    for shopping in. People ought to try and encourage their own businesses. If there is a
    salesman living right in Cobalt selling concession items. Why don't the town stores buy from
    these people instead of giving it outside.
    14. By enough people voicing their opinions about the same subject you might see a change.
    15. I came to Cobalt because I was looking for a little business. I started with the Fina
    then bought the corner store.
    16. First home older home, but nice and neat on lower nickle st.
    17. Spent xmas at home with parents quiet by enjoyable.
    18.
    Went to school in Kirkland Lake
    19.  8
    20.Dr. Dunning
    21.It would be nice to have a medical Clinic in town
    22.Kirkland Lake my first child was born they are all in still in School
    23.Always wear slacks and blouses and sweaters, and dress up a bit on Sunday, depending
    whether I have to work or not.

    24. We spend alot of time at home, the odd time we go out for drives. In the summer we're at
    the cottage as much as possible
    25. Special treasures I've kept are nic-nacs and dishes especially my wedding present.
    26. I enjoy the Fall most of all because of the scenery
    27. I read alot and watch television
    280 My hobbies are embroidering and doing paint work.
    Alice is a vivacious little woman full of energy who will help anytime she's asked. I enjoy
    her interview as she wasn't afraid to talk and speak her opinion.


    Lucy Damiani     Feb. 29,1972     2:20 - 3:45

    1. Mrs. Mary Martin
    2.
    3. Mary Angeline Morrow.
    4. 64 Lang St.
    5. 679-5521
    6. 88 years old
    7. Vensicle set:tlement
    8. Mother was born Tower Minnesota,  Father was born Tower Minnesota.
    9. Grandparents in Vensicle.
    10. 1923
    11. By train from Tower Minnesota.
    12. By way of North Bay we changed trains at North Bay to come to Cobalt.
    13. I came alone.
    14. First husband in Tower was a diamond driller he came to the states
    from Sweden. My second husband Patrick Martin had a furniture and
    second hand store.
    15. Helped husband in store.
    16. Widow - husband passed away in 1960
    17. Retired housewife.
    18. I thought it was a nice place certainly much busier than it is now,
    more people crowds everywhere.
    19. There were street cars going steady we had wooden sidewalks, dirt
    roads, buildings, went up everywhere and stores were plentiful.
    20. I came with my son Carl to live with my sister who had told me
    there would be work for Carl here with the town was booming - it
    was a good place to live.
    21. There were mines in Cobalt logging in Haileybury and sawmills in
    Latchford.
    22. Twelve hours a day.
    23. Don't remember but I think a miner made about $4. a day
    24. A big 2 storey frame building with 8 rooms on Grandview Ave.
    25. We used to have about the same Christmas as we do now spend it with
    family. We all enjoyed opening our gifts which weren't as elaborate
    as now.
    26. We had water in the home it was just a cold water tap but it was
    in the home.
    27. For lighting there was electricity but some of the poorer homes
    still used kerosene lamps.
    28. Wood stove for cooking
    29. Wood and coal for heating, usually you found them in the living room
    large Quebec heaters that burnt coal and wood.
    30. Woolworths 5¢ and 10¢ store Jacks grocery, Giachino grocery, Taylor
    hardware, northern Canada Supply, Sullivan's  Shillington wholesale,
    Buckovetsky clothing stores and many more shops of all kinds.
    31. Shows, dances, card playing, Church groups, many organizations and
    the town hall, Knights of Columbus Hall, YIMCA centre for
    entertainment and gym classes.
    32. Didn't partake in sports.
    33. I went to school in Minnesota but my son Carl went to Cobalt Public
    School.
    34.. Went to 8th grade.
    35. Horse and buggy, very few cars and street cars that went to Silver
    Centre Haileybury, New Liskeard.
    36. Dr. Case.
    37. Red Cross hospital where Buffams is now.
    38. Carl was born in Tower Minnesota
    39. He was about 18 when he went to work.
    40. Used to go drilling with his father in the states when he came here
    he worked for Robinsons Garage, owned a taxi service went on drilling
    job to Korea.
    41. Never went underground but I used to listen to stories of the miners.
    How hard they worked and poor conditions - there weren't the
    safety measures they have now and many men died in the mines.
    42. They had drilling contests on the square every year.
    43. Families in general as well as the miners ate well in those days
    meat was plentiful and cheap. We had fish vendors, vegetable vendors
    going by the door often.
    44. We always ate supper together after the store closed.
    45. Christmas we spend as a family opening our gifts usually practical
    things like clothes and the children if they got a toy received
    something they had been wanting all year, sometimes a doll, a game,
    a rifle etc.
    46. Just about the same all week, clean work clothes.
    47. On Sunday we always put on something special to go to Church, but
    took the clothes off as soon as we got home. Changed to our plainer
    clothes.
    48. Store was closed so we used to go for walks or visiting.
    49. A little plate that belonged to my mother and many old family photos.
    50. I like Cobalt it's a clean quiet town.
    51. It's quiet for older people and the scenery is beautiful.
    52. Paved streets, nice roads, park downtown, new buildings
    53. None.
    54. No, except the lack of stores and drugstore
    55. I do like it here both the town and the people
    56. Yes.
    5? Senior citizens home, street markers and numbers and again I would like
    more stores especially a drug store.
    58. Summer - our winters are too long.
    59. Like listening to my radio watch TV, go to Rebekah Lodge. Have received
    my 44 year pin.
    60. Watching TV used to like sewing but I can't anymore.
    61. Could have another industry to keep . people here and working.
    62. Tourists would like it here.
    63.Lots of lakes for fishing and beaches for swimming.

    Highlights

    When I think of the old days I wish we had more stores and shops - both
    sides of Lang Street to the bridge were lined with stores and shops of all
    kinds. I remember our radio station operated by Mr. McAdan, the station was
    "CKMC" and we used to have boats that would take you across the lake, it
    was larger at one time than it is now. You went down to the station anytime
    and you could take a boat over. There are still some of my friends left
    and we reminisce about the old days. My daughter-in-law's
    gave me a
    surprise birthday party on Feb. 2nd and many of my friends came to see me.
    I received many nice gifts. I am happy here in Cobalt with my family and
    friends



    Lucy Damiani March      March 21,1972  

    1. Pietro Martinelio
    2. None
    3. Wife's maiden name Maria Rinaldo
    4. 31 Second St.
    5. 679-5608
    6.  59 years old in April, my wife is 53 (don't tell her I told you)
    7. Castelfranco Province of Veneto in Italy
    8. Castelfranco Province of Veneto in Italy
    9. Italy we're Italian from way back
    10. I came in 1954 on May 19th
    11. I came by boat from Italy to Halifax
    12. By way of Halifax Montreal and North Bay to Cobalt
    13. My wife and I with my son and daughter
    14. I was a miner at Silver Miller Mines
    15 ..Housewife
    16. I work clamping boxes that are made up at our local foundry
    17. She is working as a chamber maid at Fraser Hotel
    180 It was a good sized town and impressed me as being friendly right
    from the start.
    19. Certainly was much busier that it is now. I get depressed when more
    mines keep closing up and some families move away. When I came there
    were quite a few mines still working - the Silver Miller Mine employed
    400 men then there was the Agnico O'Brien Mensilvo, Chamber Ferland,
    Silver Lode, Mayfair and a few small properties being worked by
    private leasers.
    20. I came to Cobalt to work and I knew I would get a job a few days
    after being here - there was no work back in Italy and I was finding
    it hard living with my parents my brother-in-law had come to Cobalt
    back in 1950 and he sent me the money for the fare.
    21. You could still get a job at any of the mines the Cobalt Foundry
    employed about 40 people the Smelter
    at Gillies had about 100 men
    and the TTL Temiskaming Testing Laboratory had about
    15 or 20 men
    employed nearly all the mines had a payroll of
    300 or 400 men each
    22. I worked 8 hrs. per day for a 44 hour week
    23. About $100 a day - $1.25 per hour
    24. I rented a small 3 room apartment from an
    Italian family and in 1955
    I bought this bungalow type home I am now
    living in, 
     it has a kitchen room- dining room, .3 bedrooms and a bathroom
     I have made many repairs to it I have built a glassed in veranda
    25. We spent it at home with our family and relations hadn't met too many
    people yet.
    26. Water in home I just put in a hot water tank about 6 years ago, when
    I built in a new bathroom
    27. Electricity with a few of the commodities toaster iron, washer, stove
    fridge, 1 radio and TV
    28. A wood stove for working that I have kept through the years and I now
    use for easy heat in the kitchen
    29. Oil heater for heating I am thinking of putting in a furnace, the
    repairs have to come a little at a time, I find the cost of material
    and labour very high
    .30. We still had Buckovetskys, TBS, Smiths clothing, Shaws drug store,
    Peter's variety, Woolworths Minerva, Boston Grill, Despres. Grocery,
    Damiani. Dominion store, Tressider Quality grocery, Empire Meat Market'
    31. We had a theatre the Community Centre, the Finn Hall, the skating rink
    and there were quite a few restaurants and of course the Miners home
    Hotel and the Fraser House and Legion for drinking
    .32. No time for sports I went to work at an early age on the farm my
    uncle owned
    .33.I went to school in Italy
    .34. I was lucky I got 5 years in before I had to get out and work my
    mother was a widow and it was really hard for her bringing up 4 children
    35. Cars, trains, buses, air travel, as a matter of fact there's._ less
    trains now and only one a day in those days there were two a day.
    36. Dr. Dunning
    37. There was no hospital when we arrived we used the Misericordia Hospital
    in Haileybury
    380 Mary 21 was born in Italy, Walter 19 was born in Italy
    39. Mary quit at 18 years of age, Walter is still going to School
    Mary is working at office in Hamilton
    41. I didn't mind working in the mine fellows back home had  led me
    to believe I would be going down in a dark old hole but I found
    conditions quite good and safety measures were certainly good.
    42. Diamond drill contests, hand steel and mucking contests.
    43.  I alway s lived close enough to home that I came home for lunch and
    so didn't have to carry a lunch pail
    44. Our main meal has always been supper time the family always eats together
    for this meal.
    45. Don't dress up through the week always wear work clothes
    46. And on Sunday sports clothes I don't like getting all dressed up
    47. In winter shoveling snow. In summer working in my garden
    48. Watch I brought from Italy
    49. Its a good quiet town to raise a family and you can get along 'with less
    here - all the entertainment or I should say some is free of charge -
    fishing, hunting, swimming, walking in the woods.
    50. As a resident of Cobalt my family and I benefit from these privileges
    51. The town has done a terrific job of cleaning up some of the messy
    looking lots where where Scullino's fire was on Lang Street has been
    all cleaned up the block down town was taken down before it fell down
    and a nice park put in"
    52. Like all the changes
    53. Yes, there are a f'ew things I don't like but I don't know if you can
    blame it on Cobalt
    54. First of all the employment situation is grim. I worked at the Foundry
    and since Chsistmas we have been off 5 times for 5 weeks without pay.
    It's pretty hard to make a living this way and our Smelter they closed
    it up - now government met with officials and they said they couldn't
    do anything surely this can be utilized for some industry, also street
    signs would help us and visitors.
    55. Summe we can go out and enjoy the weather the only thing I have
    minded since moving here are the long winters.
    56.Gardening and watching TV
    57. I think we should definitely try to encourage business men to invest
    in small business or industry and we could use a drug store a clothing
    store for men and women 8:children one of the bigger ones like Walkers
    prices, reasonably and carry a variety of styles and sizes" Senior
    Citizens home would be nice. I hear the High School may be closing
    this is sad I vvas going to say
    58. A technical school for the young people to take a trade might induce some
    of them. to stay around
    59. I like to go for walks play cards or watch TV not too much for social
    gathering
    60. gardening
    6lc I'm not sure the answer but it seems secondary industry is important
    maybe we need government assistance.
    62. Be should definitely encourage thE tourist dollar as we have much to
    offer in the way of c8I!lpinggrounds, beach areas, mine tours, fishing,
    hunting, historical sights, to visit like the Old Mission,Drummond
    Cairn and the natural scenery is beautiful.

    Highlights

    I have been in Cobalt 18 years and my family and home are here , I wouldn 't
    want to move to some other town as I find it comfortable and friendly
    here. My wife & I have adapted very well to the Canadian way of life.



    Name of Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: Mar. 2, 1972   Interview: Time 1 1/2 hr.



    1. Donald Raymond Martel
    2. Don
    4. 31 Grandview Ave, Cobalt
    5. 679-8744
    6. 32
    7. Timmins Ont.,
    8. Mother U.S.A. Dad, Cheswick, Ontario
    9.

    10. 1967

    11. Car
    12. 11 B. South
    13. six
    14. miner
    15. 6ervice House
    16. Stationery engineer
    17. Housewife
    18. Like it, friendly town
    19.  Busier than it is now
    20. Like the town, people are very friendly. Don not like New Liskeard and Hai1eybury
    and the taxes are cheaper in Cobalt
    21. I had my job, its hard for me to say, but there were jobs.
    22. 3 shifts of eight hours.
    23. $125. per week
    24. an old shack nearly froze
    25. We were very poor Christmas we had was on the salvation Army
    26. in house
    27. Hydro
    28. Wood stove
    29. The one wood stove heated the house
    30. Same as there is now. Red and white new store and Laura's children's wear
    31. Shon, Fraser Hotel
    32. Playing guitar
    34.10 yrs.
    35. busses and Cars
    36. .Dr. Arnold, He was a wonderful Doctor
    37. Good
    38. Timmins
    39. still going to school
    40.
    41. Worked in the mines in Timmins the mines were modern and I liked it
    42. Timmins Mines The mines there spent all their extra time on Mine Reserve
    43. Lunch Bucket
    44. Supper time, depended on the shift
    45. Jeans jacket, sweater
    46. not much difference
    47. Play guitar, like races, church and drinking
    48. have a guitar
    49. The people, get along with anyone. Specially town employees. They are very good to us,
    50. It seems busier since I've been here
    51,
    52. no
    93.
    54.
    55. yes
    56. Would like to see a Y.M,C.A. health Club there is no health club in the Tri Town
    Would like to see more employment
    57. 4 seasons
    58. Have my guitar and love music
    59. Have been working on electronic's for 10 yrs, and like it
    60. We need a smelter. We have lots of materials here. that could be processed for
    demand needed.
    This could create more jobs. We need more retail outlets. Purdy's hardware eQuId double
    there business if they expanded carried what we need and employ more people
    61. People like myself a working man
    62. We go out only when we have company, We have good lakes, good fishing, museum and
    parks.
    Mr,. Martel is handicappedd , He has one artificial arm a hook. He plays the guitar and
    works steadily as a stationary engineer.


    Lucy Damiani April 28,1972
    1:30-3:00

    1. Enrico Matioli
    2. Ida Matioli (wife's maiden name)
    3. 22 Earl St., Cobalt
    4. none
    5. retired caretaker
    6. Fano Pesaro Italy
    7. Fano Pesaro Italy
    8. married and two daughters
    9.72 years old
    10. June 1923
    11. Came on the steamship liner Colombo
    12. Docked at New York came by train to Toronto,North, and Bay and ONR train to Cobalt
    13. My father was coming back here so I came with him. My father had first come
    over in 1901 and was employed putting in water lines and working on the
    railroad. When we arrived at the Cobalt station your father was there to
    meet us and drive us to our friend Mr. Ricci's house
    I went to work with Alfred Seed for three months on the farm this was a
    government contract and you had to stay and work on a farm for three months.
    Then I started working at the Nipissing Mine and stayed there for a few months.
    After this I went to the O'Brien Mines and stayed with O'Brien Co. 22 years.
    They sent me to Miller Lake O'Brien at Gowganda and Cadillac O'Brien close to
    Amos Quebec. Then I went to Silanco Mill in 1943 and worked here for about 2
    years and then in 1945 I was hired by Paul Morisette in Haileybury as a
    gardener caretaker and landscaper and I worked there for 15 years before retiringj
    In 1927 I went to Italy for a trip and married rented a house on the O'Brien
    Property and my stepmother came over here with us to join my father. I bought a
    two storey frame home in 1950 from Tom Despres I remodelled the house and put in
    a heating system its a five room house and I have a nice big lot beside it which
    I use for a garden.
    When I arrived the mines were all working and there were about 13000 people
    in the area incltding Kerr Lake and Silver Centre. In the 30's Silver went down
    to 27¢ an ounce and things were not so eood, but they slowly picked up again.
    When I worked in Cadillac there was gold everywhere in those days .There were
    stores, blacksmiths, tailor shops, bake shops, hotels, halls theatres. There
    was furniture and second hand store down by the bridge to the O'Brien. We bought
    a lot of furniture there to get settled. We had a big fire when the Nipissing Mill
    burnt and Cobalt had a lot of big fires. I don't remember what year they were
    all in but there were two big ones, on Lang St. and three years ago the whole
    dmns black burnt to the gr undo For entertainment I like fishing, bowline,
    hunting some card playing. I pick berries. I like it my wife and I have been
    picking for about 14 years now. This and going fishing is how we spend our spare
    time. I have two daughters Ines and Eva they were both born in Cobalt and they
    attended Cobalt High School both worked out as secretaries now they are married
    with a grown up family of their own. One lives in Cobalt and one lives in
    Toronto. I say its a good town for retired people. Its the best town I know with
    good facilities friendly people and reasonable prices on taxes, water rates etc.
    But for young people there are no jobs opportunities - so they all go away.
    It might be a good. place for tourists if it was on around basis it would
    pay. We have lakes, an excellent museum, mine tours, ski and snowmobile trails.
    All this is an attraction to the tourist. There are still some places on Lang
    street that are pretty rundown and detracts from the nice new buildings, old
    buildings boarded up right on the main street. Its a shame to see Canadian
    furniture building all boarded up and Hermistons museum too people going by can
    see some of the interseting antiques he has on display. Also the garage on the
    hill is in front of my place - the Esso has a car wash and without the proper
    rain so water is running on the sidewalk all the time. The town has certainly
    improved in the way of parks and new buildings. Everybody should be made to
    clean up their own properties to keep things a little cleaner looking. Especially
    downtown where you can see it. Most of the stop street signs are all bent over
    nd don't look good, its too hard to keep them decent looking well I can't
    really say take them down because it is a stop sign and a necessary road signal.
    There is also a bad spot at the garage where the sidewalk is all broken up and
    in the winter the snow is piled so high there on the corner you can't see
    any thing coming and going. I am proud of Cobalt and. I would like to see it
    looking nice so I hope they take this criticism with steps in mind to adjust these
    things. This is some of the things that would make the town look better as I see
    it. There is still lots of silver left underground, they should do more prospecting
    and exploration work so the government should give us grants for this.
    They would find some good ore. The O'Brien mine was almost one of the last mines
    to close and they say there was still ore left undeground. They simply closed
    because they got orders from head office to clean it up and close up. So there's
    wishing you lots of luck in your project and I hope my interview has been some
    help.Thank you Mr. Matioli for your wishes and cooperation. I hope like y~ou,
    to see Cobalt go ahead again.




    Carmen Stubinski May 30,1972    1/2  hour

    1. Jack Mathews, Mayor of Cobalt
    Pyrite Street, Cobalt,Ontario. 679-8143
    He was born in 1918 in Orillia. Educated in Orillia. Served with the RCAF
    1940-45 He came to Cobalt 1950. They have a family of six children. He
    served in the Cobalt Council for 4 years. Has been Mayor of Cobalt for 5
    years.
    Realizing for which the silver mining industry for which Cobalt is famous
    world over, will never increase greatly, because of the supply of silver as
    by products from some of the largest mining companies  in the world. It
    has become clear something must be done not only to preserve, traditions and
    history of this historic mining camp and also to promote the tourist industry
    that would provide additional income and make our community more economically
    viable. My pet programmes have been the Restoration programme and complex. I
    am very optomistic as to its outcome.
    1. When the restoration grant came through for Cobalt. Mr. Mathews could
    program.
    2. Since becoming Mayor of Cobalt he has worked very hard for the town of
    Cobalt. Cleaning it up and beautifying the town, getting grants as soon as
    they were available.
    3. In the same 100 interviews which I have done, the town people think and
    speak very highly of Mr. Mathews, and what he has done for the town of Cobalt.






    Lucy Damiani April 4,1972    1:20 - 2:40


    1. Michael Melnik
    2. Mike
    3. 29 First Street
    4. 679-8346
    5. TV & electrical appliance reparrman
    6 . Cobalt
    7. Mother and Father came from Austria
    8. Bachelor
    9. 47 years old
    10. It doens't look too bright for the immediate future this new trend in
    mining theory that is going deeper below the diabase surface may prove more
    successful in extracting more silver from our mines then all we need is a
    stabilized price. It seems to me we were more affluent when American capital
    was freer and not so restricted as today.
    Mr. Pilner of the Nerlip Mine Properties was always an active mining man
    and did a lot to keep the community going during the rough years. There weren't
    too many mines operating. When funds would run low he always went to the states
    and induced new investors. This went on for some 12 or 13 year so Sometime the
    men wouldn't be paid for 3 or 4 weeks but he always dug
    up the capital
    somewhere at one point there was a large ore body found and he gave the men
    strict orders to leave it there. Everyone said this was his safety vein in
    case an investment showed up he has the vein to back him up. There are more
    facilities available with new system of regional schools if students are not
    university material they channel them off to technical sources in different
    fields of training. This is an advantage for the average student. There are
    also some disadvantages for this system. The schools and classrooms are bigger
    and the teachers can't possibly get to know their students individually.
    Another disadvantage is longer travelling time spent on the road, which leaves
    the student less time for extra curricular activities and play or sports.
    It is still a wonderful opportunity for education which was not available when
    I was going to school. More jobs and job opportunities available now there are
    winter works programs. Also courses at Manpower in the technical and business
    field. While you're in training you get paid.
    Wages are low and we are faced with a dilemma of low wages trying to meet
    high cost of living. Our laborer is reaching the poor man's stage the necessities
    of life are concerned - food, clothing, rentals, fuel and other expenses.
    The standard wage should be brought up to consider the cost of livingo
    Many people are shopping out of town because our shopping area is small and
    limited. I found myself going to New Liskeard twice in a week for simple
    things like a bathroom scale and rubber gasket. We should certainly use more
    stores in town, clothing store, shoe store, drug store, and a few others.
    Also better parking facilities. The new Red & White is really limited and
    hazardous. Couldn't we utilize the playground by the market. If small business
    enterprise is to survive we should have better parking facilities lower freight
    rates and more encouragement from the municipal government.
    I think organized sports and recreation with a good director is a must. We
    could have our festival every year but for a shorter length of time. We have
    the facilities in our arena and community hall.
    Cobalt should take steps to annex with Coleman township. We could share
    works costs. It would make the town more prosperous right now we don't have too
    much co-operation with them. Its very difficult to get to plow the Bass Lake
    road in the winter or to fix it in the summer. This road is frequently used
    by many people to go to the beach or also to the residents of Bass Lake. There
    are the Villas, McNiff's, the Liscumbs, and quite a few other families living thee
    In the last few years the mayor and council have done a tremendous job of
    municipal government. They have torn up the old eyesore buildings made new parks
    and parking spaces, renovated old buildings in the downtown area all these
    lmprovements add immensely to the appearance of the town. They have also opened
    up a few side streets and this winter with all the snow we've had they are to
    be praised for their snow removal. Many larger locations are not getting the
    service we are. I am happy to see they are taking advantage of the grants.
    I like antiques and I have no treasures because I buy and sell and consider
    myself a small dealer in this line. There was no organized sports activities
    when I was young. We created our own fun. There was always friends in those
    days to play games, go on hikes, swim' at Peterson Lake, sleigh ride on the
    O'Brien Hill, skate at the French open air rink at the O'Brien where everybody
    went on a Sunday night. We used to go sucker fishing at nights and come home
    with a big catch. We hunted in the fall. It was good fimes in those days now
    for the young people we need organized sports to keep them occupied and we
    didn't get an allowance every week. We worked for spending money by picking
    rock piles for Cobalt mineral and copper. It was good picking when they
    tore up the old street car tracks for copper contacts short lengths of cable
    that had been used. This material we sold to old Mr. Cohen. We also picked
    berries to sell for money. Every day when it wasn't raining 3 or 4
    large truck loads of people would go to Martineau Bay and pick blue berries all
    day. The trucks would come back for us at night. We got more money by shipping
    them to Toronto and boy were we rich, when the cheques came in.
    My first recollection of Cobalt was coming in the train from Silver Centre where
    we lived with my mother and father to shop at the stores which was a real treat
    Our first store we'd head for was Woolworths 5¢ & lO¢ They had such a variety
    of everything. Sometimes we'd get a ride to town in the old touring coupe
    model with a canvas roof and celluloid windows. My dad used to come in on
    Saturday nights and play poker with his friend.Mr. Wasnick who was a local
    shoemaker. I thought this was really something because I got to staying up
    nearly all night. In the early days stores were prosperous there was no big
    companies or supermarkets or chains like there are today. 'When I left school in
    1940 I took a wartime Emergency course in Kirkland Lake and later went to work
    for about one year. I came to Cobalt and worked for Northern Metal on a wartime
    contract then I went to Hamilton and worked for Canadian General Electric
    Did piece work and got paid for amount of work done at 35¢ per hour. Some
    weeks I averaged 80¢ per hour. From there I went into Air Force and was an
    air frame mechanic which I thought might be useful in civilian life but it
    turned out to be useless to me. Took one year off upon coming home then went
    to Matachewan Consolidated for a few months. Kerr Addison for awhile then I
    came back to Cobalt and worked at Buckovetskys store. There I met the fellow
    who was manager for Singers Sewing Machines so I went to Kirkland Lake for
    Singers and stayed about five years. I came home again took time off drove a
    taxi to .kill time on my hands. I took a course on radio and TV repair which
    I have been doing since.
    I really don't think there is too much to be gained by the tourist dollar we
    have terrific potential for rock hounds - a haven for artists, lakes for
    fishing and swimming good spots for fishing many scenic spots above all no
    pollution problesm. All these are easily accessible. The tourist picture has
    changed in the past few years.I have noticed many tourists come well supplied
    they bring their own boat, gaseline, groceries and other supplies. So they
    really don't spend much when they come.
    Secondary industry could be a big incentive for business here but again we
    would have to look into the lowering of freight rates. I hope to soo the town
    prosper again. There are strong rumors going around the mines will be opening
    up again and the Smelter has been purchased and will hire 50 or 60 men which
    makes the future of Cobalt look a little brighter.
    Mike lives in Cobalt with his mother and is at present remodeling their 5 room
    house his hobbies are collecting and selling antiques which he has found very
    interesting. Being ethnic he has a flair for gourmet cooking and makes many.
    interesting dishes. He is an active Kiwanis member and works on many of thelr
    projects.


    Lucy Damiani April 12,1972   1:15 3:00
    1. Ernestine Merla
    2. Ernestine Tognali
    3. 72 Nickel Street
    4. 679-5667
    5. Retired housewife
    6. Angera Prove Of Varese Italy
    7. Mother and Father both born in Angera, Varese,Italy
    8. Widow
    9. 73 years old
    10. I have always liked Cobalt my home is here, my friends are here.
    Impressions: Its a good friendly town to live in. It would be nice to see
    more work for men, more stores for shopping, and something for the young
    people. At my age I don't mind the peace and quiet but I would think the young
    people would like more to do.
    Education: We should definitely retain our grade 13. We have always had a
    High School my son went to school there. There were years when we didn't have
    have  many students as this year so I hope they do their utmost to keep grade
    13 here. There is already too much going out of town and travelling on buses.
    The schools are larger, the students don't get individual attention they are
    away from home for a longer period of the day and really I cannot see any
    advantages to it. They have been closing schools since my son went quite
    steadily. The schools are gone from Gillies, West Cobalt, Kerr Lake, North
    Cobalt. It would be better if students were to go to school in their own town.
    The lower schools could all be under one roof whether French or English
    Protestant or Catholic. It seems pointless to have all these separate buildings
    going and there is too much discrimination.
    Economic situation: We should try to keep our mines going. I don't know
    what can be done about unemployment but definitely the government should
    give us a subsidy to help keep the mines going when there is a low price on
    silver. There must still be mines that aren't worked out and with good grade
    ore left.I think its high time we developed other industries besides mining
    in the North, but first of all we have to do something about our freight rates
    and freight delivery. This has been our drawback in enticing secondary
    industries. I don't know enough about these things but I do believe we'll
    ever survive if we stick to mining only we have so much in natural resources,
    lakes in abundance, electrical power, forest for wood and pulp. We also have
    rich farmland the clay belt at New Liskeard and West Road.
    Recreation: There were many adults taking classes at Recreation Hall and we
    should continue our program and definitely organized sports are good for the
    youngsters as they need a push to get going nowadays. I would like to see
    a recreation hall for senior citizens to meet talk, play cards or games and
    pass the time.
    We should have a larger shopping area it is so awkward going out of town and
    this also means money that could help the economy of Cobalt is going somewhere
    else. If we had a shoe store, a large department store like Kresges or Woolworths,
    a drug store is another business we badly need, really all these would
    be an improvement to the town. In this respect we seem to be going backwards
    rather than advancing. There are some empty lots in town being used for
    garbage and litter. This detracts from the nice parks or clean lots we have.
    I would like to see them cleaned up. The two parks certainly improve the
    appearance of Cobalt and so do the new Red & White and Silver Motel. The
    old buildings the town has renovated are really attractive now. As for the
    unclean lots I don't mind paying a bit more on taxes just to have these cleanee
    up. There should be an agreement wherein a welfare recipient should be made
    work or else forfeit their benefits. This winter the winter works program
    kept some employed and its nice to see the activity. We should have more
    projects going for the unemployed. A senior citizens home would be a good
    thing for this town many of our old people are eking out an existence in
    small unlivable rooms. They shouldn't have to live out theirr lives like
    this and we can use a low cost homes project. The average laborer cannot
    pay $125. to $145. a month for rent the cost of living is already so high
    in other commodities, food, clothing, hydro, telephone and many other items.
    I came to Cobalt on May 24th, 1924 from Italy on the liner"Conte Verali'
    which docked at New York. From New York I went to Toronto and North Bay coming
    to Cobalt. My husband had come the year before and I came with my son Silvio
    who was 3 yrs. old at the time. My husband worked at the Nipissing Mill, 8
    hours a day and a 5 day week. My husband worked a lot of overtime hours in
    winter especially he worked for $3.25 a day.We lived in a home on Russell St.
    Then we bought a farm at Bass Lake and moved there in 1927. There was a
    single storey bungalow style house on the property which through the years we
    renovated. The property had about 160 acres of land mostly bush, which we
    cleared a section of and turned it into a vegetable dairy & chicken farm.
    One year we had as many as 25 cattle, we ended up asking my brother to come
    over as it was too much work for us alone. So in October 1927 my brother
    Enrico came over and lived with us and helped us out. There was much work to
    do at all times the animals had to be fed. We built root cellars to store
    vegetables amd perishables, cows to milk and in winter the men set traps for
    animal pelts which used to bring in a good price. Mostly fox some beaver and
    we tried mink for awhile but they needed too much care so we went back
     to bush animals. The winters were long and dreary but we always worked so time
    passed. Often our roads were blocked for days after a storm and the men
    couldn't begin to shovel all the snow. Later on we were being plowed out by
    township. We had to go out to the well for water and for lighting we used
    coal oil lamps until 1952 when Hydro put their lines in then we had electricity
    and we also installed a pump in the house for water. We had wood for cooking
    and heating until 1952 then we converted to electricity for cooking and
    installed a new floor furnace oil operated. We used to come up to farmers
    market in Cobalt every week at the beginning we had poultry, butter, fresh
    dairy cream and vegetables later we turned stictly to vegetables and sole to s
    some of the stores. This meant more work as carrots had to be packaged,
    turnips waxed and potatoes bagged. There was always a ready market for our
    eggs which we quite often sold by the basket. When my brother died in 1964
    we quit coming up to the market cause we found it was too much.My husband
    had already passed away in 1961 so I sold the farm in 1965 to Lorraine Farms
    Ltd. They were going to use it for a potato farm as the quality of our sand
    grown potatoes had the reputation of being as good as Holland Marsh potato.
    My son Silvio went to school. He always walked in winter and in summer he rode
    his bicycle. He started out going to school in Gillies a typical little red
    school house in the country under the tutorship of Miss Cookson then for the
    higher grades he came to Cobalt later going to the Cobalt High School then on
    to Queen's at Kingston to become a metallurgy engineer and when graduating in
    1953 he was employed by Inco and has been there ever since.
    When I sold the farm I moved to Cobalt to the house I am presently occupying
    on Nickle Street. I can visit friends and they in turn come to see me. I also
    enjoy watching TV or I go to teas attend Caboto Club functions or play cards.
    There wasn't much time for leisure on the farm it was always work and more
    work. But in 1962 I took a trip to Italy to visit sisters and relatives. Then
    in 1969 I went back again. I enjoyed seeing everyone. But I wouldn't like
    to live there. Times have changed and I wouldn't live anywhere else but Cobalt


    Lucy Damiani
       March 15,1972


    .1. Robert W. Miller (Meilleur)
    2. Hendrick
    3. none
    4. Oblin Block
    5. none
    6. 39 yrs. old
    7. Stratford,Ontario
    8. Father in Brockville,Ontario, Mother in Yorkshire,England
    9. Grandmother close to German Polish border. Grandfather is small town close
    to Alexandria.
    10. Came in Nov.22,1952
    11. Came by car 1952 Model Ford Convertible
    12. left from Ottawa Highway 17 from Mattawa, then North Bay and Cobalt.
    13. Came alone father was already here teaching languages in New Liskeard
    14. Worked for provincial government, Dep't ofHighways District 14 Branch
    and was responsible internal auditor for Province of Ontario. Hr. Howard
    Adamson of No. 12 Queens Park was my employer.
    15. Not married then
    16. unemployed
    17. Hotel owner
    18. Thought it was a dump and said this has got to be the last place I'd ever
    live and I'm still here, 20 years later it was the friendly people who made
    me stay.
    19. When I arrived I wasn't too impressed and it looked like the shack town it
    had been named.
    20. I came to Cobalt because my grandfather and father had been here and I had
    a job with Dep't of Highways left Ottawa because I was not happy with it
    and I had the feeling there was something else I wanted to see. I was
    employed there by Canadian Bank of Commerce in various branches becoming
    assistant accountant, in various branches in Ottawa.  My grandfather came to
    Cobalt just at the turn of the century, can't remember exactly what year
    and he said to me go north, go north, young man so I went north
    21. Wasn't sure as I had a job when I came but I think mining was mainstay at
    the time.
    22. On staff therefore hours worked meant what was required of my position.
    . Paid monthly -183.3 for a clerk in group 2
    24. We bought the former MacDonald residence on 35 Commission St., it was a three
    part structure consisting of 2 rooms top portion had been added
    consisting of two small rooms the walls were powder box lumber and burlap bags
    dipped in a mixture with a surface of slatting and plaster no paint about 38
    layers of wallpaper miles of stove pipes all through the house, to try to keep it
    25. My father and I went south to visit grandparents it was too cold up here warm
    26. Water in house just down stairs when you used the toilet you carried a pail of
    water up to flush it.
    27. Electricity for lighting just plain knob and tubing
    28. wood stove for cooking
    290 A large upright Quebec heater coal for fuel purchased from Mr. O'Gorman
    local coal dealer.
    30. TBS, Buckovetskys, Robinsons garage, silver laundry, Minerva and Boston,
    Smiths mens wear, Audettes Confectionery Tom Black, Rowdon hardwares, Cain
    furniture, Cecil Birtch Greaseball garage, Paddy Martin second hand store
    Giochino travel agency, he was gone to Italy but someone else operated.
    Silverland Variety, Dominion store, shaw drug store, Woolworths, Lowery
    wholesale.
    31. Theatre in conjunction with famous players Haileybury bowling alleys in
    the YMCA two hotels and Mrs. Habuka
    32. Hockey, baseball, water polo, pool used . I go to Haileybury to play pool
    at Carrieres pool room.
    33. Not in Cobalt
    34. My formal education grade 12 and with administrative law at Holland
    Ave., Ottawa, summer course at Lavalle in business and Commerce.
    35. train, bus, highway 11 by car and air travel from Earlton or North Bay.
    36. Dr. Fleming, New Liskeard
    37. no hospital facilities the Cobalt Red Cross hospital had just closed up so
    I used the New Liskeard Hospital
    38. Haileybury
    39. Still school age 10 yrs. old and 8 yrs. old
    40. School age, not working
    41. Remember mostly through actualities of my grandfather he held properties
    here and other parts of Ontario, Sturgeon Lake and Red Lake, Neikina areas.
    He was my guardian so I spend most of my life with my grandparents.
    42. General mucking, air drills, and hand steeling and brazing your own bits,
    packing tampolenes for weight. Quite a few Indians were in contests then they
    acted as guides in Sturgeon area dnd showed us basic needs for method of
    living and survival.
    43. Carried lunch pails
    44. Quebec steak, bread and pickles
    45.. Always wore good clothes as I was not in a position of hard labour.
    46. Dressed well all the time in my position I had too
    47. Going to Latchford, Silver Centre, I was fortuaate enough to have a car so
    on Sundays we went to Quebec for booze and girls.
    48. My personal prospectors pick, literature, later some samples and maps of the
    area.
    49. I'm sorry the Community does not have an industry to enhance its own
    livelihood. Both Bay street and government rules leaves no recourse for
    people to eek own existence.
    50. Don't like the position we are put in by Bay Street and government
    51. never mind the parks and beautiful areas. They won't bring us money if in
    my opinion if 2% of manufactured mineral was used here we would benefit. I
    want to give credit to Tressider Bros. for undertaking a large expansion
    like theirs for bearing results.
    52. no answer
    53. yes
    54. I don't like our municipality needing gifts from the government can't we
    make it on our own or is it because municipal level has no control over
    borrowing money. It has to give up itstelf respect for borrowing power.
    55. yes.
    56. more employment and I think we would benefit by an amalgamation of Cobalt and
    Coleman., since most of the mine revenue is going to Coleman
    57. Spring
    58. Playing cards, talking to friends, going fishing
    59. Reading and prospecting and business interests
    60. An amalgamation is the only solution there are too many old time properties
    tied up in estates and this is sad because they cannot be worked or bought,
    therefore holding back local progress.
    61. We should encourage American dollars and English and German industrialists
    to centralize here with industry.
    62. History and much of it.

    Highlights

    I would like to say from my view point besides industry we have business men here
    who are growing stagnent. There is a rock shop with many wonderful pieces to
    offer visitors and tourist. We should have had the Mining School in Cobalt again
    I blame government for not locating the Mining School here. What more logical
    place than get in the mining town where they have to come for their studies
    theories and practical knowledge.  This way they are in Haileybury and have to
    be bused back and forth for their field tests.
    Also within a few short months we will no longer have grade 13, several
    schools will be empty because of lack of students and regional schools going
    up. Why can't we have some of the extension courses universities are going to
    be offering held here.
    I would like to see Cobalt go ahead so lets do something about it.



    Joanna Stubinski May 5,1972  1 1/2  hours
    1. Mrs.Austin Moore
    2. Toots
    3. Armstrong
    4.  Pumping Statinn, Sass Lake
    5. 8135
    6. 61 yrs. born 1910
    7. Cobalt on Silver Queen Prop.
    8. Father in Nipissing Village - Mother near Powassan
    9. Cobalt
    10. Born here. Mother came in 1909. But father surveyed through here in
    1904-05 and his family moved here in 1906.
    11. came by train
    12. ONR
    13. just parents
    14. mined
    15. I took a business course during the depressinn time but never got to
    use it. I worked at Murphy's mill as chore girl for 2 summers
    16. Pump operator for 21 years
    17. housewife
    18. I still think there's no place like Cobalt. Really enjoyed growing up
    here. 'I first lived out at Moose Lake, then we moved to town lived down
    Swamp St. not far from Koza's. I remember the first strike. This was really
    the first downfall of Cobalt in 1918 or 1919. I was really frightened men
    were fighting on the street. I really never knew any other place so that's
    why I loved it so much, I remember moving into the new high school in 1927.
    Also remember when I went to school over TTL. One night the Hunter Block
    burnt and what a mess. It was during the war. The next morning going to
    school there was ice and hoses all over. We even watched them carry a dead
    man out, he was so badly burnt they carried the pieces out in a basket.
    19. Lavery's boardinghouse down Swamp St. I went to school with the family.
    Mrs. Lavery ran it. Bill owns Lavery's Jewellers in New Likeard. I went to
    school at Moose Lake. Will never forget how one girl called me a pig's monkey.
    I was only 7 at the time. I was so mad I called her an asshole. She told the
    teacher. The teacher said she was going to give me the strap, so I went
    home and told dad. He said I didn't have to stay there so I didn't got to
    school until I was 9, when we moved to Cobalt.
    The pump house was moved, it used to be closer to the lake, then they
    moved it across the road. It was here in 1917 the first man to run it was
    Raegan.He left in 1921, then Bolan, Thornes, Murphy's, Pierce. There was a
    dam built from the pump house to island. A bridge went across. I was
    15 at the first Old Timers Reunion in 1924.  I still have a pennant and button
    from it. It was really a big brawl. Pavillions were built along the streets.
    In the shirt tale parade. One highlander when I knew and found out some of
    them wore nothing under their Kilts.
    My full name  was Mary Elizabeth my uncle named me Toots He picked me up
    in his hand. I weighed 3 1/2  lbs. At school I was called Betty or Bessy. I
    remember all my school friends from Argentite St. mostly Argentite St.
    Argentite St. was packed with  boarding houses and hotels. The Chinese
    Laundry isn't as old as they think it is. I remember when Fred a Polish
    feIlow lived there. He had a lot of girl friends I remember a prostitute
    that lived there with him for awhile here name was "Silver Tits.  Mary
    Auger also spent a lot  time there. There was a chinaman from the
    North Bay House who wore a long scarf and always carried a striped pillow
    bag. He used to give us kids leichi nuts. They sure were good. Old Tom
    Riley had a bar with spitoons on the floor. I went in once for Tobacco
    for my dad and Tom put me out. He also said I couldn't go in because I
     wore overalls. Wilson's livery barn used to be a theatre. The upstairs of it
    opened onto the next street, the vaudeville people used to change their clothes
    there.
    , At the end of Argentite St. Tittensore owned a big building, they had all
    kinds of oil barrels outside. Marvin my brother was playing there one
    day. He sure cut himself badly. There was a huge sand pile up to Silver
    St. we played there. All the sand has blown away now.
    Mother made me bloomers and midies. I wore them once to slide on
    the sandpile. My blummers turned white from the arsenic in the sand I sure
    got hell. The old green house that still stands across from the arena. A
    woman called Pipe Line Lizzy lived there. A member of parliament used to
    stay there when he came to town. There was a settlement of Englishmen and
    Scotchmen behind the arena.
    20. Parents came because of mining
    21. mining and logging some farming my dad did logging
    22. Helped in the cookery and Murphy's mill Latchford - 12 hours a day
    23. $30. a month and board
    24. lived in the other half of Etta White's house
    25. Parents ran the cookery at Moose Lake. I was 4 years old when I remember
    this. Our room was off the cookery and we had to go down u3 steps. Just at
    the bottom of the steps we had our tree. Mom used to light the candles for
    me and they shone on tiny cones. These were grooved candles that sat in
    metal clamps. I also remember go to Tommy Black's with mom to pickCelia
    and Eileen's presents. I really cried, because I found out there was no
    Santa. It was my saddest X-mas
    26. In house except at Moose Lake carried water and went to the outdoor. At
    night I would take the dog and lantern, really thought that was terrific
    27. lamps and lantern at Moose Lake only
    28. Wood stove - still have one
    29. Wood and coal
    30. More shops than now. Lang St. was a maze of stores. From the bank to the
    top of the bridge we called Syrian Town. I also remember when it burnt down
    54 years ago. After the fire mother went to the fire sale and bought material
    31. the shows. Went every Sat. it cost 10¢ Also had dancing  at the IODE  had a Rose
    Ball every New Year'so Mrs. Mitchel was in charge of it.
    32. Hockey - races - rink skating. My sister Eileen played hockey for the girls
    team. She was their goal tender
    33. Went to school in Cobalt in kindergarten I went over the pop factory and
    remember making change out of colored paper then moved in basement of old
    public school. Went to High school over TTL then in 1927 moved to new one.
    34. 11 years
    35-. horse and buggies - street cars and trains and cars. The two meat markets
    had boys delivering with a 2 wheel cart & horse
    36. Dr. C.Hare
    37. I was in visiting a frame building front part upstairs was a ward with a
    verandah off it. The back part another ward with a verandah. The
    maternity ward opened up onto the lawn.
    38. Cobalt.
    39. Lee - finished High. Maureen Teacher's College. Grant - never
    finished High school. Spencer - grade 12. Wendy still in school
    40. Lee - funeral director Kirkland Lake. Maureen - married and teaching in
    North Bay. Grant - hydro New Liskeard. Spencer - Mod clothing shop in Toronto.
    Wendy - Cobalt High
    42. I remember the rock drilling in fact the rock is still standing in the ball
    park.
    45. Skirts & midi's  dresses
    46. One better dress
    47. Sunday school - played around after usually on the road
    48. Pennant - my first shoes I wore my first boots and mitts when I started
    to walk. A pair of mocassins that grandmother made. Also an item from each
    of the kids - mostly clothing.
    49. I have an inborn feeling for Cobalt. I just never wanted to leave.
    50. Just love it.
    51. I like the way the town is fixed up. Tearing down buildings, also like
    the public school
    52. no
    53. no.
    54. yes
    56. A better playground for children and anything that will better the town
    57. Always hated November because mother died in that month but really enjoy
    the rest of the year.
    58. Watch TV, I never went out too much
    59. Gardening and sewing. I used to paint a bit, but since my stroke I can't
    anymore.
    60. A secondary industry, but not sure of what type
    61. tourists
    62. Its historical background and the people.

    Highlights

    Toots has a fabulous memory. She talked on and on about different people and
    especially her school friends. Her pennant she still has from the 1924 reunion
    has on it Cobalt
    Old Timers Reunion
    1904-1924
    June 28th '-July 1st
    Mom paid 25¢ for-said Toots.
    cried and cried till she bought it for me.






    Carmen Stubinski   March 8,  1972    1 1/4 hrs.


    1. Gerald Moore
    2. Jerry
    4. 16 Silver Street, Cobalt
    5. 679-5745
    6. 30
    7. Kerr Lake
    8. Sherbrooke Que.
    9. Sherbrooke
    10. 1949
    13. 6 of us
    14. construction, mining
    15. Bank teller
    16. Bartender
    17. Housewife
    20.Born here
    21. mining
    22. 8 hours
    23. $35. per week
    24.Large 2 storey frame house
    25.lots to eat, X-mas tree
    26.had to walk 1/4 of a mile half way down the hill
    27. hydro
    28.wood stove
    29. old wood stove in basement
    30. Bucks, TBS, Damiani, Giachino, Bi1rleau's, Audets
    31.Fraser
    32. Baseball, hockey
    33. Cobalt Public
    34.8 years
    35. bus, train
    36.Dr. Dunning
    37. good Haileybury
    38. Haileybury
    41. alright
    43. lunch bucket
    44. supper
    45. jeans, sport shirt
    46.  same
    47. mostly at Glen Lake. Can't use it since Glen Lake mine started to operate
    49. everything
    50. home
    51. cleaned town up. Quite a change
    53.  nothing
    55. yes
    56. mines opening up anything that would change the unemployment situation
    57. summer
    58. Bingo's
    59. Watch TV
    60. Any small industry would really help. A paper bag plant. We have the
    popar wood that would supply material .A smelter. If the price of silver
    went up the mines would reopen and people wouldn't be afraid to invest their
    money in Cobalt. Raw silver could be mined, processed here and shipped to
    distributors. If this restoration program goes through we could have
    a trading Post with arts and crafts supplied by the local people .This would
    make quite a few jobs for young and old.
    61. Present state no one. But if we had tourism and mining development it would
    bring more money to Cobalt. People in industry would be willing to invest
    in this area.
    62. Mine tours, developing parks, hospitality, Miners Festival, historical
    background ..Drummond Cairn, Bass Lake, Rocks for crock collectors.

    Highlights

    The Moores are a young couple, new baby and are feeling the unemployment
    situation. 


    Lucy Damiani March 27,1972  1:30 - 3:00


    1. Wilfred Moriarity
    2. Rose Browne
    3. 48 Russell Street
    4. 679-5554
    5. bookkeeper
    6. Haileybury
    7. Mother was born in Eganville. Father in Mount St. Patrick
    8. Married - 3 children. Marylin, Glenn, Michael deceased
    9. 65 years old
    lO.We are in a depressed period and the future of Cobalt is in the hands of
    the government. I am not favour of our educational system. The idea of closing
    up schools in a town and bussing children to out of town schools is
    ridiculous. One day we will have to utilize the schools we have for other than
    education. All this is costing the tax payer money. The only part of the
    present educational system I am in favour of is helping the youth
    with grants to further their education. When we were young there were no such
    opportunities. We have always had a local high school and we should keep it here,
    Why are the students from Temagami going to Liskeard for grade 13? When we
    have it here in Cobalt. There are no job opportunities or training schools so
    our young people have to leave which means we are losing the "cream of the crop"
    our future citizens. Our population doesn't warrant a training school but we
    could have courses (summer) going and advertise in this way we could carry a:
    set of courses in the local schools all summer. We could make available low cost
    accomodation as an incentive to these students. With the mining school in
    Haileybury and the Technical school in Kirkland Lake I doubt the government
    would locate a training school here. New Liskeard to the north of us seems to
    be expanding in localizing small industries. Business advances as it is in
    a central location with all the nearly farmland and small communities. It has
    been the location of many of our own offices that were situated here. The
    hydro office, the telephone office, our telegraph office all have gone to New
    Liskeard and we seem to be unable to do anything about the situation.
    Only with Government aid could we boost our economy. Firstly there is a
    shortage of silver on world market. USA are minting coins with a lower content
    of silver. We have lowered the standard of our coinage. The gold mines receive a
    subsidy so do the uranium mines so why not subsidize silver when it isn't on
    a demand market - not only for coinage but also for industrial use.
    Our raw products are going to the states, Colorado to be refine.  We should
    encourage American capital as they are the worlds free spenders - even German
    capital has proven a satisfactory investment so why not encourage these
    people to spend some money here.
    The only way we could have secondary industry would be to amalgamate with
    Township of Coleman. They called all the taxes from the mines and residential
    houses on the mine property. I am in favour of organized sport. This is a
    good program for the young people. We could have much more going if we had the
    population for instance a juvenile hockey team but there aren't enough
    youngsters to pick from. I played hockey for Cobalt 48 years ago. In 1923
    five fellows and myself came to Cobalt to play hockey for Cobalt. There was
    Rusty Hughes, Stan Lemon, Rus Lemon, Ken McLeary and J. P. Dolan and myself.
    We played with Pat Bennett, Keith Bennett and Dunc Munro from Cobalt.
    We should definitely have a recreation program, with a director as this
    is an important project for the town. We have the facilities, school halls,
    an arena a community centre and parks, baseball field also. Bass Lake could
    be utilized in conjunction with Kiwanis Club. l Myopinion on enterprise unless
    its big capital it is almost hopeless. Its too hard for a small business to
    survive in the trend of modern bid take-over". The competition is much too
    ~strong unless again the town were to expand and become a better risk for small
    enterprise. 1. As long as we have the high transportation costs.
    2. We are too far north for good climatic conditions
    3. A drastic cut in transport and freight rates we will not be
    able to encourage new industry.
    The change in Cobalt that has affected me most is due to depressed economic
    situation. I am out of work as are most of the people in Cobalt. I lost all
    my treasures and relics in 1968 when a case which held a coin collection,
    jewelry personal effects were stolen from my home.
    In 1938 I came to Cobalt and went to work for Mr. Pilner at the Nerlip Mine.
    I would like to say this man did a lot for Cobalt in keeping this mine
    operating, under difficult conditions. He always strove to find capital to
    keep it operating even when employees thought it would be cleeing down. I was
    an accountant and Bob O'Gorman was auditor. When it closed up I went to work
    with Steve Bond who was a leaser at University Mine Prop. for about 4 years.
    While playing hockey in Cobalt I was employed by mining corporation under the
    ca~tain of Frank McKay. Also worked with Cobalt Chemicals for Eddie McDonough
    and Roger Gareau. A number of years with Agnico Mine under Harold Kenty and 
    Jim Armstrong. My last employer was Glenn Lake and there I worked under Milt
    Halstead, who was another mining man that should be acclaimed for his, part in
    helping Cobalt Mining along. He was always interested in Cobalt and played
     quite a part in working for the interests of Cobalt and its people. Also
    worked for a time O'Brien Prop. leasers in 1938 the leasers were Dunc McLeod
    Tom Jackson, Lorne Umphreys and Carm Donegan. What I remember most about
    Cobalt was the gratitude and kindness during the Oct. 4,1922 Haileybury fire
    when my mother, father and family came to Cobalt. We were fed and clothes at
    the old Cobalt station most of the larger buildings in Cobalt were
    being used as head quarters for fire victims.  We always thought there were no
    similar or thoughtful people than those of Cobalt. I bought the house I
    am now living in about 1940 a large duplex with 11 rooms in all and the
    family moved in, My wife and I lived in one half and my mother, father and
    sisters lived in the other half.
    I was a member of the Algonquin Regiment and joined up 3 years previous to the
    war I was in the reserve Army. In all I was stationed at various bases
    throughout Canada. There was always more stores in Cobalt at the time than
    there were in Haileybury or Liskeard. They used to come here to shop, now we
    have to go there because of a limited shopping area. We had a large Woolworth
    Department store, Buckovetsky was a 3 department store. One building was
    shoe department one was men's wear and the other was ladies wear.
    In the earlier days in Cobalt the streets on a Saturday night were so jammed
    with people you could hardly get by. I can also remember Zanins store and
    Bakeshop. Peerless bake shop many hairdressing salons, hat shops, mens wear
    Koury's, Battahs, Lebovitz Vellis, 2 dep't stores, ladies wear and menswear
    Cains furniture later handed down to Cain (Phil) Jr. several Drug stores
    Moore's and shows, two hotels, miners, Fraser House, the - Bijou theatre
    and two others we had for entertainment the old Town Hall, Orange Hall,
    Finn Hall and of course many house parties sleigh rides, Peterson Lake in
    summer, Bass Lake and Loon Lake always crowded many a corn and weiner roast.
    Many excursions with the Italian people for mushroom picking. They knew
    the ones to pick. I was a boxer and taught boxing to a 16 & over group, played
    hockey and baseball. Transportation was cars, buses, railroad and street cars
    that went from Liskeard to Kerr Lake every half hour - 4 cars coming and going
    and they passed at North Cobalt and old Pulp Mill. Now I like to watch TV,
    broke my leg last fall so I don't do too much but I play cards like to bowl
    and I am an avid sports fan-follow hockey, baseball and rugby closely.
    I want to say that our municipal government is doing a terrific job. Snow
    removal is very good. They are following a w~er works program and have been
    responsible for many changes downtown the parks on the corner are a
    credit to our town also want to congratulate the people who have undertaken
    such a large project as the Tressider Bos. in building a nice new supermarket
    as you would find in any city and to Bernie for building a new 10 unit
    motel. These all help to make the town a better business place. The Mastermet
    settlement further encouraged pople to improve their homes and properties.
    I think we have much to show the tourists. There are all kinds of lakes
    for fishing, good hunting spots. Our museum is one of the best in the country
    and this is due to the efforts of Paul Hermiston who did a terrific job of
    getting it built up to what it is today. It is one of our main attractions in
    town. The mine tours are also very popular. Drummond Cairn a monument to one
    of Canada's great poets. Cobalt is also ideal for artists it is a natural and
    picturesque spot. And I'm sure the rock hounds would be in their glory here.
    No doubt the saying in the Cobalt Song about this being the cradle of mining
    in the North is true it opened up the North and
    the great find during the building of the ONR railway by Mr. Fred LaRose was
    the beginning of our mines in Cobalt. Now I almost forgot to tell you I also
    worked with Art Brocklebank who really had one of the aggest leases aver to be
    pulled out of hereo He pumped out Cobalt Lake and worked the Mining Corporation
    of Canada along with the Coniagas mine property. Ambrose Murphy and Pete
    ~Landry were his partners.
    I wave made some good friends in this town and I want to make special mention
    of the Chitaroni Bros. who were like pioneers in the early days. They opened
    a camp at Portage Bay that is a beautiful spot. They built all the cabins
    9 of them and a main two storey lodge with bedrooms upstairs a kitchen, small
    store and large recreation room. Some of the cabins are 2 and 3 bedroom size
    and this site is situated on the Montreal River there was a tremendous amount
    of work as they had to build about 5 miles of road by themselves using big
    trucks for the hauling of rock and sand. It was a credit to them to have
    accomplished this, without outside help or financing.
    Cobalt has given me many good years this is where my home family & friends
    are, of course old ties are hard to break but I would like to stay here
    We have seen Cobalt go down and under quite a
    few times but it always manages to make a revival and with the forest statement
    I hope silver sill be given a just price and we can rise again


    Lucy Damiani April 15,1972   7:30 - 9:30


    1. George Morin (Fritz)
    2. Adeline Bedard
    3. 104 Earl St.
    4. 679-8321
    5. shop foreman
    6. Argentite "Port Cobalt" as it was known in those days North Cobalt
    7. Dad came from Mason Que, Father came from Buckingham
    8. married with 8 children 3 at home, the rest of the family is married
    9. I am 62 years old born May 16th, 1910
    10. When I came to Cobalt I was just a few months old
    12. Two older sisters and I Father was working at King Edward for Cress Lake
    cutting timeer logs in 1898 - 1899
    13. Driving a team of horses for George Robitaille cutting and hauling firmwood
    14. My wife was ban in Ottawa
    15. Worked as a nursemaid before she got married and in 1937 we got married
    17. busy housewife
    18. Right now Cobalt doesn't change too much it goes up and down depending
    on the price of silver - but its not ever been as bad as the depression of the
    30's. We should get a subsidy for silver when the price goes down or help
    stabilize the market. The farmers get a subsidy for wheat. The gold and uranium
    mines get a subsidy. Why not silver. Cobalt has been called a depressed area
    and with reason when the mines close up there is nothing doing.
    We we're cutting and' hauling logs we worked long hard hours. We used to
    have early in the morninggo back of Loon Lake to cut our logs brought a lunch
    to eat while we were in the bush. By the time we got home we'd have supper at
    4 o'clock, saw & cut our logs and go out to deliver teem. Sometimes 9 o'clock
    by the time we got home. I used to work for $2.00 per week,6days a week.In
    July 1929. I started working for PM Fleming & Son Ltd. at $3. per day and thats
    where I've been for the past 43 years. I learned everything from the ground up
    Helping in the shop, welder in ship and for the past 16 years I have been
    shop foreman. When I married I lived in North Cobalt and then I: bought the
    house I am presently living in from Mrs. Sparrow. Its a large two storey
    building on Earl Street and through the years I have renovated it completely.
    Beginning with a foundation cement steps & verandah, new rooms furnace and
    siding. In the early days we used wood for cooking now its electricity then
    it was wood for heating also our new furnace is oil heat. Its a large 6
    7 rooms. I would have bought in North Cobalt
    but there was no water in homes.
    My first doctor was Dr. Case, later we also
    room house and bathroom which is
    had Dr. Taylor whose office was in the Stadelman block.
    This new edcation system of bussing kids to out of town schools is not very
    favourable. I would rather see them utilize some of the new buildings we already
    have in towno If we do not have enough kids for the grades they should put
    them into one school. It matters not French or English. Its already for over
    grade 8 students to go out of town but I think the lower grades are rather
    young to be away from home so long. Their day starts earlier and ends later.
    By the time they get home & have supper do their homework its bedtime and anotler
    day. I find too that in smaller schools the student gets more individual
    attention but in the larger schools teachers don't know some of the students
    I have heard that one of the schools in Haileybury is going to send some
    200 students to B.C. on a trip. This is a stupid idea dnd I don't know what
    some parents are thinking. They will see some factories, historic sights,
    mines, mountains etc. which we have right here in Ontario without going way
    out to B.C. I am in favour of bus tours for students for eduation purposes.
    Right in this area we have a copper mine in Temagami, silver mines & museum
    in Cobalt plus the new hydro project at Lower Notch in Liskeard we have an
    agriculture farm and in Earlton there is a cheese  factory, we have fish
    _ hatchery in Charlton and many more things to see right in this area. I'm sure
    other places in Ontario can offer interesting tours as well. Its hard to
    locate secondary industry here which is badly needed because of freight rates
    and service. There will be more business lost to trucking because of poor
    rail service. Did you read John Hunts article in the Nugget? Well I think
    he is so right in stating its time we got to the right channels. They are
    talking taking rail service out of Tri-Towns for years we have begged
    our MP's to do something about the freight & rail situation to locate
    industry in this area but no one has done anything for us. Not the Liberals,
    Conservatives or NDP. The way they are operating the mail service is putting
    us back in the early 1930's. It was better then a letter mailed here on the
    late train 11:20 p.m. used to get to Toronto the following day now it takes
    3 or 4 days. Arnold Peters promised us the mail service :would be every bit
    as good as before if not better when they started the new system of mail
    delivery. All goes to Liskeard then sent out to points north or south.
    I would at thispoint like to say the unemployment insurance commission and
    workmens compensataon need a very thorough investigation. This has nothing to
    do with Cobalt but so many laborers are affected. It also would take too
    long to go into detail as it has nothing to do with this story but so many
    poor laborers have trouble with both these civil apartments that I feel something
    should be done about it. Why should we have so much trouble getting our
    benefits. They are all deducted at source. We used to play ball on the
    slimes and hockey in winter. There was an open air rink for this end of town.
    As most of us couldn't afford to pay entrance to the town arena which was then
    on Miller Avenue. For skiing we user barrel stavings (these were apple
    barrel sections) and we sanded and put candle wax on them and this was our
    skiis. Fellows always had to bobsled races and these things used to really go
    in the summer there was Pete Lake where everybody went to swim, on picnic and
    I wiener and corn roasts because it was close to town and you could walk out
    there in about 10 minutes. You could pick berries on the many hills just
    outside of town. We always had games and sports going. Now we need a recreation
    and organized sports program to keep our young people interested. The old
    sentiment  is there is nothing for us to do. I can remember picking nice big
    berries at Loon Lake and Martineau Bay. We'd camp at these spots for about 3
    weeks at a time and when we sold the berries we got 50¢ for an 11 quart basket
    Then when they were more plentiful the price went down to 35¢ basket. Many
    Sundays we'd borrow a team of horses from Northern Canada Supply and five or
    six families would get together take lunches and go out for a picnic. We could
    get to Church before going as masses were gang steady from 6 o'clock in the
    morning every hour on the hour until noon.
    As for shops there were stores from one end of town to another. There were
    5 stores in frenchtown section half way before bridge and bridge area is known
    as Frenchtown. 3 stores on Third street, Sabourins confectionery, Poisson had
    a store at 104 and opened one on Lang Street, Joe Robitaille, Cholettes
    Butcher shop, Ravas, Zanins, grocery and bakery, Brewers had a butcher shop.
    There were many wholesales Northern Canada Taylor Hardware, then food
    wholesalers, Reckins, Sullivan & Shillington, Lowerys, Gamble Robinson, often
    went home from Gambles with bags of bananas or oranges for helping unload
    their cars. The Temiskaming mine had its own general store. There was a town
    hall large farmers market that was open every Friday and Saturday on and a
    jail town offices all in a large building which today has been converted into
    the Temiskaming Testing Laboratory. Then the palm Gardens restaurant where
    we went for our big double header ice cream cones for 5¢ there were only a
    few cars around. Just teams of horses and in winter we used to go sleigh riding
    on Prospect Avenue and we'd end up on Cobalt Lake. Almost any night of the
    week when we were younger but in later years the traffic was too heavy. The
    old colonial hill was another spot for sleigh riding and there was always a
    crowd on the hills.
     I can see a recreation program for younger people and organized sport for
    young and old, for senior citizens there should be a main hall or room where
    they can meet to talk play cards etc. But hobbies should be self adhered. You
    can take up hobbies and have adult education groups. This should be separate from
    recreation. There should be a senior citizens home. Some poor old people have
    had a hard life and should have things a little easier for them at this age.
    Some are living in dingy little rooms due to high rental. The cost of living
    has gone up so high that I would say a miner's wages are not on an even scale.
    There should be a higher minimum for difierent types of employment. It should
    be regulated according to the work you are doing ie; a waitress's or clerks
    wage should not be on the same level as a hard working miner or laborer.
    I would like to commend the present mayor and council for their terrific job
    on municipal government the new parks in town, subdivision, new library,
    encouraging to see people set up big business places like Tressiders, Red &
    White and Bernies new Motel also the town has done a good job of renovating
    the old buildings. Considering in the early days all the mines made their
    money here and invested it elsewhere. mather than tourist attraction for just
    two months our pe seasons are short, it would be good to see a project for
    year round complex suchnas the Dep't of Tourism recently suggested in paper.
    Of course it has been denied down the line but I hope it is a soon reality.
    We have some wonderful spots for fishing and hunting, mine tours could be
    arranged. The site of Despres store which was at one time Giachino's store
    would be a tremendous natural spot for an already made shaft. Would take very
    little to make this a tourist attraction and rofcourse our mining museum is
    one of the finest and there are many attractions in the hnear area. So I hope
    to see something come out of your project no. 4. It has taken a lot of work and
    now they know what people want in Cobalt
    My favourite pastime is fishing hunting and watching TV. I forgot to mention
    that all these wonderful spots and things we have as far as nature goes
    a real  are all close by. You can walk to many of them and an important
    fact is they are absolutely free.




    Lucy Damiani February 24,1972
    1:30 - 3:00
    1. Joseph Rudolph Morin
    2. Rody
    3. Wife's maiden name Mary Monaco
    4. 76 Earl St.
    5. 679-5671
    6. 44 years old
    7. Haileybury
    8. Mother in Haileybury, father in Buckingham
    9. Raised in Cobalt and area
    10. About 43 years ago
    11. horse and buggy
    12. from Haileybury
    13. came with mother, father and brother Donald
    14. Worked as a miner
    15. Stenographer
    16. Machine shop maintenance
    17. Housewife
    17a. Was in Canadian Infantry Corps for 2 years.
    18. Don't remember
    19. Remember my father telling me there was plenty of work for everyone -
    the mines had 3 shifts going steady - they used to haul supplies from
    here to outlying areas, Silver Centre, Gowganda & Elk Lake etc.
    20. Came here to be with fa~y father had a job as teamster
    21. lJuningwas the main source of employment
    22. When I started it was an 8 hour day for 7 days.
    23. About $50. per week.
    24. We were renting Parkhills a new 5 room house with furnace and basement
    25. I can remember as a child at Christmas getting a gift or something
    you wanted all year long for instance skates, air rifles, dolls and
    carriages etc. In those days you believed in Santa Claus until you were
    8 or 10 years old.
    26. Had water in the home
    27. For lighting, electricity
    28. Electric stove for cooking
    29. Gas for heating, space heater and floor furnace.
    30. In the old days they tell us the stores lined both sides of Lang Street.
    I can remember when it wasn't as busy but we still had a large Woolworth's
    Lucy Damiani
    quite a few clothing stores and other shops.
    31. Shows, bowling alleys, we used to go up to the Community Hall and put
    a nickel in the nickelodean to dance.
    32. Skating, skiing, hockey, baseball, swimming and badminton, volleyballs,
    and gymnastics.
    33. St. Patricks School.
    34. Ten years.
    35. In my father's day it was horse & buggy - when we grew up there were
    carsbuse~, street cars.
    36. Dr. Schmidt
    37. Municipal hospital was quite a fair size - accomodated the community
    38. Kapuskasing
    39. They are still all school age
    40. They are going to school
    41. They were better than they are now - there wasn't as much automation
    and more men were employed. When they built a mill in those days it was
    well built to withstand years of wear now they are just put up for looks
    42. Hand steel drilling contests
    43. The prices of meat were so reasonable that we ate better than we do
    now always plenty of meat and vegetables.
    44. When you worked you took a lunch so it was nearly always at
    suppertime that we had the main meal.
    45. We always got toys or clothes for Christmas. We went from house to
    house to see what our friends had received
    46. Dressed in plain workclothes through the week.
    47. But on Sunday everybody dressed up.
    48. We started the day by all going to Church then we'd take a street car
    to Haileybury to go downtown for a walk and a favourite pastime was
    going to the station to meet the train, the station platform was
    always crowded.
    49. Most of our treasures were lost in the fire but we managed to save
    some photos (family pictures)
    50. Its a good quiet town to live in.
    51. Good environment, plain and clean looking, you can look out and see
    trees on the hills.
    52.Paved streets, most of the homes have been improved, nice parks, they
    have beautified the town.
    53. Like all the changes
    54. Yes, there isn't a proper playground for children
    55. Because I would feel more at ease if the children had a safe spot to play
    56. Yes.
    57. More recreation facilities for every age, floor sports. Right now with
    our recreation set up it seems to be more for hobbies or hobbicraft
    58. I like both summer and fall, summer because its warmer and nice to be
    outdoors and fall because  fall in the north is most beautiful for
    its natural scenery.
    59. Darts, cribbage, bowling
    60. Art and gardening, woodcraft.
    61. Not enough exploration, develop some other industry and some countries
    are crying for Cobalt ore, why not extract it for export.
    62. Rather than attract people lets do something to keep people here -
    we need more stores so we won't shop out of town. A necessity is a drug
    store, a shoe store, to mention a few although we have a lot to offer .---..,.
    the tourist. I don't think we benefit too much by all this tourist trade
    63. We have many beautiful lakes for fishing, beaches for swimming, mine
    tours, museums, good hunting grounds and where else can you go a
    few short miles for even a walk to the hills for berries. I want to add
    that I do not like the way some stores exploit the tourists.

    Highlights

    I can further say I am happy to be a Cobalter and f'm glad to be
    raising my children here. I see an urgent need for good recreational faciltties
    for youth. I can remember the YMCA it gave many youngsters in our day
    everything we needed - swimming, played basltetball, volleyball, there
    were pool tables, badminton, bowling alleys and a large floor for
    dancing. Everyone went there for a good time and it certainly was the place.
    We had a wonderful caretaker in Sandy Hall, like a father too all the kids
    and a wonderful instructor Carl Hult. I realize now when my children do
    not have these facilities how fortunate I was.




    Simone Bedard April 10, 1972
    9:30 to 11:30
    1. Marie Murray
    3. Marie Allaire
    4. 154 Earl St. Cobalt
    5. 679-5945
    7. I was born in Cobalt
    8. My mother was born in Buckingham Que, my dad was born in Val  Dois Que.
    9. My mother came to Cobalt from Ottawa, where she was working for the Grey Nuns. I can't
    remember where my dad came from just before he came here.
    10. My parents were married around 1919
    13. We were 3 children and my father also had tow children by the previous marriage, his
    first wife died of the influenza during the epidemic
    14. Dad was a miner
    16. He has now retired and living in Timmins
    17. My 2 brothers were in the army and went overseas
    20. My father came to Cobalt to work in the mines
    21. When I was a child there were a lot of mines and there were also saw mills that were
    giving jobs.
    22. The working hours varied depending on where you worked, bushmen worked from sunrise
    to sunset and the miners worked around 10 hrs. a day
    23. The wages were very small
    24. It was a wood frame two storey house in French Town we had a kitchen, a living room
    and 1 Bedroom downstairs and 2 bedrooms upstairs
    25. Our first Christmas tree was decorated just with Christmas cards. I rememver I got a
    dresser scarf set to embroidery accessories, we had oranges, apples and very few candies.
    26. We had the tap water in the house
    27. We also had electricity
    28. A wood stove for cooking
    29. We had a coal furnace for Winter
    30. Poisson's grocery store, Mr. Coutu's grocery, Mr. Smith had a corner store at the North
    end of Lang St. and there were many more
    31. I just rememgered the one theater and we didn't go very ofter
    33. I went to st. Theresa School and we had nuns and lady teachers
    33. I quit school in grade 6
    35. Dr. Chase was our family doctor and Dr. Joyal for maternity cases
    38. My first child was born in Ottawa
    39 & 40. Emile was 15 yrs. old when he quit school and he was in Grade 9, his first job
    was working in the bush with, his dad, when he was 18 yrs. old he started to work for Barron's
    Diamond Drilling.
    Clair was also 15 yrs. old and she stayed home.
    Roger quit school in grade 7 and went to work for Milne Saw mill in Temagmi.
    Joe went to grade 8
    Rita, Denise, Cecile and Robert are still going to school
    41. It was very hard to work in the mines, as everything was done by hand
    44. stews, home-made soup, hogs feet, potatoes and veg.
    45. We wore dresses, long woollen stocking and felt boots in the Winter and we didn't
    wear slacks.
    46. Sundays we'd wear nice little cotton dresses to go to church and when we came home we'd
    change to other clothes.
    47. I'd take walks or listen to records as a young girl.
    49. I like Cobalt it's a very friendly place
    50. We have a nice big store which has improved our town
    55. It would be nice if they had dances for the teenagers on weekends
    57. I enjoy summer most as i get out more
    58. I knit and I have a ssrap book of newspaper clippings of friends and acquaintences
    60. A factory or some find of industry would sure help our unemployment problem in Cobalt
    61. Tourists
    62. The museums and mining tours
    I don't like to see our children travelling to Haileybury and New Liskeard when we have our
    own School in town, they will be leaving home soon enough.
    The job opportunities are rare, you have to go out of town and as far as training there are no
    facilities around here. Wages are not high ,for the cost of living.
    I'd like to see a swimming pool build in the new park they are building on Cobalt Lake,
    and they could have monitors to keep the children occupied during the day. I would also like
    to see something going for the teenagers.



    Lucy Damiani March 16,1972  7:45 - 9:00
    1. Mrs. Clorida Nixon
    2. Clo'
    3. Clorida Dubois
    4. 146 Lang St.
    5. 679-8351
    6. 80 years old
    7. Saint Pierre Wakefield Quebec
    8. Mother in Clarence Creek,Ontario, Father in Quebec
    9. Ontario & Quebec
    10. Came to Cobalt in 1908
    11. by train
    12. by way of North Bay
    13. Just my sister and I
    11. He worked on TNO for 3 years then worked for Charles Reckin wholesale
    until it closed
    15. Helped my sister in the bording house later worked at Athletic Cafe where
    Broskos is now, the cafe was situated in a large hotel on bottom floor
    16.  wild widow
    17. retired housewife
    18. I came here to visit my sister and really liked it  it was a lively town full
    of people and anyone could get a job. so I coaxed my mother to let me stay
    here and work. My aunt promised to keep an eye on me so we finally convinced
    her. I was a little lonesome at first but not for long.  Everyone was so
    friendly and I got along fine.
    19. Stores on both sides of Lang Street and it was a very busy place. It was
    in 1909 the fire wiped out half of Lang Street, my sister lost the
    boarding house she owned and she had no insurance.
    20. I came for a visit but stayed on to work with my sister in the boarding
    houses. There was also a typhoid epidemic that year and quite a few
     people died.
    21. Just mining bush work in the area this is the town that raised the first
    National Hockey Team
    22. Worked long hours from 5 in the morning until 9 at night
    23. I was getting my room and board and $15. cash every month.
    When we first married we were renting in an apartment two doors from
    where l now live. Mr Presse exchanged houses with us because he needed a
    bigger place and so we moved into the house I am now living in, have been
    ever since July 1920. Its a two store" frame building with 3 rooms downstairs
    and 2 large bedrooms upstairs
    25. We helped serve a big Christmas meal at the boarding house for friends and
    relatives.
    26. The first two years we were in town a wagon went around selling water
    from door to door but in later years we had just cold water at the start
    then later on my husband put in a hot water tank which was heated through
    the wood stove I can remember in the heat of summer keeping a bit of fire
    going on washdays to heat water.
    27. Electricity for lighting but none of the commodities we have now until
    just recent years.
    28. A wood stove for cooking there was always lots of wood in the area.
    29. A big heater with wood in the kitchen and a large coal heater in the front
    room,
    30. Joe Robitaille Chalette works Dworski Rava groceries and George Tasylor
    Hardware Vellis, Battah, Buckovetsky, Koury Lebovitz men's and ladies wear
    many jewelry stores, shoe shops, barber shops, drug stores at least four
    now we don't even have one
    31. Theatres, Princess, Empire, Bijou, Lyric, plenty of halls for dancing
    Town Hall, Harmony Hall, Imperial Hall in the winter sleigh rides and skating
    there were many house parties a
    nd there seemed to always be something
    doing.
    32. skating and sleigh riding
    33. Went to school in Quebec
    34. Went until I was 14.
    35. Horse & buggy, trains, no cars yet.
    36. Dr. Taylor
    37. We had a Red Cross Hospital here at one time. I don't remember how many
    rooms but it was a good sized two storey building
    38. I had no children
    39. same as above
    40. same as above
    41. Everybody seemed to like working in the mines they didn I t make much but vve
    lived on a lot less
    42. Miners contests, mucking, drilling hand steeling .........,
    43. Carried a lunch pail with sandwiches, pie or dessert. In those days a
    lunch pail was really a tin pail in the bottom, We put the tea and on
    on another layer on top we put the sandwiches, cake or dessert. I often
    wondered how the men could drink the tea and coffee after it sat in the
    pail all that time.
    44.Meat, potatoes, dessert, tea and coffee
    45. worked in a restaurant in black skirt, white blouse and a small white apron
    46. on Sundays wore same clothes when we worked and just plain clean clothes
    didn't make enough to really dress up.
    47.most of the time I worked
    48. I still have a Cross on a Stand that belonged to my mother
    49. Its a quiet town and I like the people
    50. my home and friends are here
    51. Its nice and clean and the appearance of the town looks better
    since we have the park, new buildings and renovations to old buildings which
    has improved the looks greatly.
    52. No most of the changes are for the betterment
    53. Yes, People are allowed to park cars trailer hook ups or snow machines in
    front of their door- quite enough in front of neighbours door if there
    isn't room.
    54. Because it makes it hard for someone to visit you who has a car they in turn
    have to park it somewhere else.
    55. yes
    56. Would like a senior citizens home more stores and most of all a drug store
    its so hard if you don't have a car you have to ask someone to go to
    Haileybury or if you go by bus you have to wait one and one half hours.
    57. Summer its so nice to get outdoors winters are too long
    58. Play cards visit friends watch TV
    59. No just read
    60. Another industry would be good and I still don't know why our Smelter
    closed down it employed 100 men.
    61. I don't think the tourist trade would be too good
    62. In my opinion we don't have that much to offer and the season is too short

    Highlights

    I can remember when I was young going to Church we had 5 miles to walk
    and it was very cold. And even when we went with a sleigh and cutter you couldn't
    keep warm. I froze my foot once of course the clothing today is warmer and more
    practical then we had just cotton stockings didn't have the proper boots we
    just had thin woold mitts so I think we dress much better nowadays.


    ADVERTISING IN COOK BOOK SUPPLIED BY MR, MCKINNON       1908
    1. A. T. Short
    Office and Warehouse
    Phone 118 p,O. Box 437 Cobalt Street,

    2. The Cobalt Light and Power Co,
    Controlled by the Cleveland, Cobalt Silver Mines Ltd.
    Supplied Power for electric lighting in the town of Cobalt.  Nearly 5000 lights now
    installed. Also supplies air and electric power for mining
    and all manufacturing purpose
    Capacity of power plant is 200 K.W. For prices of electric current or air pumps
    address F.L Code,
                  Cobalt Light and Power Co.
                  Cobalt, Ontario



    3. The Canadian Rand Co. Ltd
    New Warehouse
    Foot of Cobalt Street, Cobalt Ontario
    All types of air compressors, tappet and adjustable stroke Rock Drills
    Pneumatic Stape drilIs and air appliances
    Get our price, see our goods
    Phone 51
    P.O,Box 97 C.C.Hoyt Agent


    4. Dont knock Cobalt
    By going outside to get your
    Household supplies and cooking outfits
    Give us a trial and let us show to you that we can lay down hardware at your home at a
    saving to you of time and money.
    We are doing so with others. Why not with you?
    Rear Prospect Hotel, Phone 91.


    5. Headquarters of souveniers and Post Cards of Cobalt.
    R. D. Devlin and Co.
    The reliable Druggist
    Kodak film and supplies
    The Brick Block ,Silver St. Cobalt


    6. Crown Bakery, Cobalt, street, Cobalt Ontario
    Here the rich meet the poor when it comes to wanting bread.
    Our Buns, cakes, pies and other pastry are equally popular.
    Those who can afford the best, by Crown Bread. Those who cannot afford to use butter
    also buy crown bread for it can be as cheaply as the other kinds. Cost a little more to
    produce, thats all, but in there  lies the secret of its popularity. The fat that is mixed
    by machinery may have something do with it.
    Jamieson and Harmer Telephone 123,  P.O. Box 231


    7. H.H. Lang
    Dealer in Real Estate and Mining Properties.


    8. Pictorial Cobalt
    The Cobalt's latest and most complete collection of Half-Tone Reproductions of the greatest
    Silver Mining Camp in the world , 1908-09.



    9. Go to the Cobalt Hotel, when visiting Cobalt
    We have 100 rooms supplied with running water, steam heat, telephone.
    Special attention to traveling public. Visitors to the Cobalt country we study
    to please and entertain,


    10. Adam N. Davis, Coal Dealer
    wholesale and retail, Cobalt, Ontario
    Phone 102 P.O. Box 335
    Representing
    Lehigh Valley coal Co. Anthracite
    Bixter Coal and Coke Co. Bituminous


    11. To Secure the best results in the Cooking Line
    Patronize
    The Gordon, Davies Co. for
    Government Inspected meats
    Fresh Fish caught. Poultry (our Own Dressing)
    New Laid eggs
    Choicest creamery butter
    Fresh Vegetables arrive daily
    No order too large ••~••••••• None to small
    117 Rue de La Opera, Cobalt, Ontario
    Formerly Haileybury Road.


    12. R. A. Jamieson    
    Alex Scott              Wm. Jamieson
             President           Vice President      Managing director

    The Jamieson Meat Co. Ltd.
    Buyers and sellers
    Live stock and dressed meats
    The firm is known all over Northern Ontario for handling the Best of everything in the
    meat and Produce lines.
    Come and get acquainted with us and you will be sure to be a steady customer.
    Satisfaction guaranteed. Branches, Cobalt, Haileybury , New Liskeard and Englehart.
    Howard Campbell, Manager
    Cobalt Branch


    13. M. McKinnon
    Wholesale and Retail, Lumber Merchant
    Lumber Merchant
    All kinds of timber suitable for mining purposes and buildings of every description.
    AlII kinds of Rough and dressed lumber
    Doors and windows of all kinds complete.
    Kiln Dry interior finish specialty office, Store house and yards
    Commission Street, Cobalt Ontario
    Office Phone 72 ••••••••• Residence Phone 105
    P.O. address Box 337, Cobalt.
    Inquiries solicited.


    14. Hot Rolls and Wheat Bread
    Fresh every day
    Cobalt Bakery
    Pastry of all kinds
    The most up-to-date bakery in the town of cobalt
    Only a few doors from the Post Office.



    15. Departmental Store
    Milton Carr and Son
    Milton Carr Built the original Woolworth Building


    16. American Queen Quality shoes for Women
    All kinds of fine and fancy Hoisery
    Nipissing Store Stores. Ltd, Cobalt Ontario


    17. The Great store for Men , on the Square
    King and Borsalino Hats; Campbell's clothing, made to your individual measure
    Stanfields Underwear
    Slanter and Walkover .shoes for Miners and Prospector, Our strong and Garfield
    With Elk Boots are the only waterproof boots made
    We stock 11" hobnailed boats that can't be beat.
    A full line of Khaki overalls and smocks always on hand. Our goods at all seasons
    are the best.
    O'Gorman and Coyne, Cobalt


    18. When you visit the Silver Belt Stay at the Prospect Hotel
    Robert Evans, Proprietor, Cobalt
    The best hotel in Northern Ontario 75 bedrooms steam heated. Good Sample rooms
    Everything first class
    Rates $2.50 per day and up


    19. The Jenkes machine Co. Ltd
    Cobalt Ontario
    High Class Mining Machinery
    Best prices on Ore Buckets; cars etc.
    Let us quote on your plant
    Office. Cobalt Street, Near Nipissing ore Dock
    Phone 51, P.O. Box 395
    N. C. Groch, Representative


    20. Mrs. S. A. MacDougall
    The place of high Class Millinery
    Ready made clothing and Ladies Furnishings


    21. Mrs.S. A. Campbell
    Fine Millinery and Fancy Dry Goods
    Corner of Silver and Prospect streets
    Cobalt, Ontario


    22. Lumber and building material of all kinds
    Shingles, scantlings, Joists and Bill Stuff Moldings, casing and all kinds of finish
    P.J. Hassett
    Telephone No. 1 Cobalt


    23. The Tripp Livery and Transfer Co. Ltd
    We buy and sell Good Horses
    Call and see us ••••••••• Cobalt, Ontario


    G. L. Brewer, Livery and Feed barn
    General contracting with teams. moving machinery our speciality
    phone 72 •••••••••••• Cobalt, Ontario


    25. J. W. Evans
    Consulting Mining Engineer and Assayer
    Cobalt, Ontario


    26. Mining Claims and Cobalt Stock bought and sold
    Dealer in Real Estate, Rents collected
    E. P. Rowe
    Member of Cobalt Stock Exchange
    Phone 8, Office Silver Street, Cobalt, Ontario Box 138
    Phone 8, Office Silver Street.
    St. C. Campbell M.E. H.J. Deyell G.E.M.E.
    Graduate of McGill Graduate R. M. C. McGill


    27. Charles Reckin and sons, Cobalt, Ontario
    Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
    Manitoba and Domestic Wheats
    And all kinds of coarse Grains
    Manufacturers of High Grade Flour


    28. George Mitchell
    Barrister, Solicitor, Public Notary
    Cobalt, Ontario


    29. J. J. Anderson, Mining Broker
    Room 11 Hunter Block Cobalt street
    Mining Claims inspected and reported on
    Applications for staking out a mining Claim
    and Transfers executed and Titles Examined


    29. H. B. Munroe, Broker
    Mining properties a Specialty


    30. Dr. Munro Edinburgh University Graduate
    and Medallist for Midwifery and diseases of Women and Children May be Consulted in
    the Hunter Block  Room 14, Cobalt


    31, Dr. T. W. Stoddart, Dentist
    Will be in Cobalt, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday of each week, from 2 to 6
    Room 6, Hunter Block, Cobalt


    32. Furniture of all kinds
    Crockery, bedding, Children's chairs, Carriage etc.
    H. Manger, Silver St. Cobalt


    33. W. O. Taylor M. D. Phone 114
    Galoska building Cobalt


    34 Dr. G. A. Schmidt
    Phone no 10 office Opera House Block


    35. Dr. E. F. Armstrong L.D.S.
    next Imperial Bank Cobalt


    36. Go to Mrs. A. Mortson
    Bay Lake Restaurant
    For good meals, Latchford ontario


    37. C. P. Campbell, undertaker and Embalme r
    Dealer in first class cheap furniture
    Silver Street, Cobalt


    38. Campbell and Deyell
    Mining Engineers and Assayers
    Cobalt •••••••••••••• Canada



    39. R. S. Code. OLSCE ••••• T. C. Code OLSCE
    Code and Code
    Ontario land surveyors and Civil Engineers
    Room 12, Hunter Block Cobalt, Ontario


    40. E. B. Rychman K.C.   
    C.S. MacInnes K.C.
    Charles W.  Kerr               J.W. Mahon 
    Rychman , Derr, MacInnes  and Mahon
    Barristers, solicitors, notaries etc
    Cobalt Ontario


    41. Chas H. Hair, M.D.C.H. F.T.M.C. M.C.P.S.O.
    Late House sergeon in
    Toronto General Hospital
    Office Devlin's Drug Store. Surgery and Specialty



    42. Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway.
    The Peoples line
    The settler, the lumber the prospector
    and the tourist---------on this route.
    Now completed as far north as Cochrane.