Lucy Damiani May 2, 1972
1:30 - 3:30

1. Gerald Paul Presse
2. Emma Gabbani wife
3. 91 Cobalt St.
4. 679-5931
5. Barber
6. Born in house on Russell St. Cobalt
7. Both in Michigan USA
8. Marred 2 boys 1 deceased
9. 53 years
10. It’s the best old town and will never die no matter what people say.

In 1934 the mines all started closing up and in 1938 things started to pick up again when we began selling Cobalt mineral to Germany. This was the only country at the time that had developed Cobalt as an alley for hardening steel. They were producing much ammunition and using Cobalt in the hardening of parts for rifles.
I was 16 years old when I started working for my father in 1936. I
worked 9 hours a day for 442.50 a week and some days i put in almost a week’s work in a day. My father known to everybody as "Captain Presse" was working with
Don Russell as a partner at the time. He was employed by three Jewish promoters from New York. One of these fellows was a real good artist and drew a portrait of my father that was an exact resemblance my mother still has the picture. When Dad was working on Agnico in North Cobalt property we use to ship out ore
to Germany every 3 weeks. They took the lease away from my dad before long because it made to much money.
In 1938 I went to Young Davidson Gold Mines for a year then I came back and worked for my dad who then had a lease on Nipissing Property. Mr. Dave Thorne was his partner at the time. In 1941 he shipped the last load of silver. It was
then that the price started dropping in the market and there wasn't too much sale for silver. All the mines started stock piling. By then England and. U.S. had discovered uses of Cobalt.
Here are some pictures of my father with a shipment of silver ready to
be shipped from Cobalt station. These fellows with him in the picture were working with him at the time. From left to right there's my father, Herb Light, Herb Lanthie3 myself and Dave Thorne.
In 1941 strike was on in Kirkland no jobs so I went to Timmins and worked at Buffalo Anchorite for eight months. I then went to Shipshaw Quebec to work in the big aluminum plant where they were producing aero plane darts. I was
foreman at the pit for leavening off the river and Mr. Hugh MacDonald of Cobalt also was Pit superintendent for the same project. It was a dangerous job and when the accident casualties reached 11 in one night I took off for home. After being home awhile I went to Timmins and worked at Hollinger Mine for 2 years. In Jan. 1943 I got my army call and was drafted in infantry for initial training was sent to Nanaimo B.C., one month invasion training at Courtney B.C., two more weeks training at Port Albany then we were
Shipped to Vernon B.C. and overseas to England. Three weeks training in Holland near 20 the Canal. I was wounded in Fronegaa Holland, shipped to Nairneagan finally 11 English Hospital in England which was on Lady Astros estate.
I met her personally while I was in the hospital; she visited the wounded every day. All the fellows really liked her and used to look forward to her visits. When I was better some of us went to her castle for a visit. She served us tea and cookies there was a beautiful portrait of her done by a famous artist. I speak for all who knew her when I say she was the grandest person I ever met. The day we were going home she came to kiss us all good¬bye and wish us luck. I went to a convalescent home from there then I came home from the hospital ship "Lady Nelson". I was in Christie Street Hospital for 3 weeks then Sunnybrook 6 weeks then I came home. They sent me on a
Barbering course because of my injury. I worked in Kirkland with another barber for one year Doug's Barber Shop and Annie's Barber Shop on Prospect.
I came to Cobalt and bought barber shop from George St. Hilaire January 1952 and the block I was in burned down in. March 9, 1952 there was a loss of two lives in this fire, the upstairs was rented rooms. I bought a shop from Red Despres which originally the Drummond Tea Room was. Tore the old building down and on Sept- 13, 1961 opened up in same location but a newly equipped modern shop and I've been here ever since.
In 1956 I bought 1 storey home 6 room completely remodeled once and -I've
Put heating system with hot water.
My business years in Cobalt have been good and bad right now it’s very
quiet, but it looks like things are picking up.
Mu opinion is that Cobalt is going to eventually revert to a town for retirement maybe in 5 or 6 years the old will be almost strictly a quiet place
to retire. You can go out any time of day or night and never be afraid of anything happening to you. There will be more people coming here to retire because its quiet i's cheaper living and facilities you need are all easily reached.
I would say there are no job opportunities and this is why our young People all leave.
I definitely think that a 2.50 price on haircuts is pushing us out of business. The young people barbers up here can't see this. But 2.50 is alright for cities like Sudbury or Timmins but it's too high for here. I
know another reason for fewer haircuts is that the longer hair but I still maintain that the price has a lot to do with it.
If we have recreation we should be combined with Township of Coleman or
maybe a Tri Town effort but it should not be under a director; it should be an appointed board. Also need organized sports for the youngsters they have to have organized sports. We have many men who have already offered their
service in this respect and they do a terrific job of coaching hockey teams.
We should give our municipal government credit for the job they are doing. They are working and taking advantage of grants and all the winter works
are worthwhile projects. We now have a park at Sass Lake and the Lions Club has done a good job on the lake. The work is beginning to show the effort put in. The Town has done a terrific job of encouraging new homes then will
be another 10 new homes going up. And they tell me this site has been chosen for senior citizens this is another good thing the down town area has certainly
improved with the new Red & White, new Motel and the renovations of buildings on Lang Street with new library. I am in favour of a change Of council every two years.
We should encourage tourist trade but to do this we should go big, have
a good information centre for visitors and we have facilities for winter and summer activities. We have a large skating rink good ski trails ski doo trails ice fishing could be one attraction bowling alley there are many lakes for fishing
swimming parks now for outdoor use like camping a good summer resort at bass Lake for tenting or trailers many sights in the area worth seeing. Compressed air plant new Hydro project Drummond Cairn many mine sites and a perfect place for artists to paint or rock hounds to collect specimens.
Can you tell me anywhere else that has all this to offer? So with some
help from the right government we can have a big thing going. Well Lucy that’s my story now you tell it.
Thanks for the interesting interview Gerry.

Lucy Damiani April 11, 1972
7:30 - 9:30
1. Borden Seward Price
3. O'Brien Property
4. 679-5607
5. Purchasing agent, Agnico Mines
6. Cross Lake Cobalt
7. Nova Scotia
8. Bachelor
9. 55 years old
10. It’s going through a recession and as soon as silver goes up and there is a market for it we'll be in a boom again. They have proven with the experiment at Silver Centre that going down deeper than they ever have before brings silver finds.


As for regional schools I don't like them and I don't think they are gaining anything by it. Kids are away from home for a longer period of the day. There isn't any discipline from home or parents. There is no individual attention
like in smaller schools or the same closeness between teachers and students. In
the old days the teacher got to know her student individually and their families as well. And as for the separate schools we should still maintain both French and English and people would have a choice of whether they want to send them
to the English or French School


The economy of Cobalt in general is at present a combination of depression
all we need for the economy. The other small industries we have TTL and Foundry are affected by closure of mines in the area. This area is too small for
a Technical School or University there is a mining school close by for those who are interested. & unemployment one offsets the other, but if the price of silver goes up it's It has been rumored a university in the states is buying a local mine for the students to take practical experience in mining. This would
offer the town quite a boost even though it would be for a short time. But if we make it easier for them this could be a start in summer courses in Cobalt. We could utilize school buildings and arrange billet for the students; it would certainly encourage the project. Small business enterprises has trouble surviving now-a-days as everything is corporation or competition from large takeovers,


We should definitely have a recreation program and organized sports but not under one person. It should be done differently perhaps organizations should take over the organized sports. Everything has to be organized for the youth
today and even so it lacks the interest needed. They have all the facilities made available but don't seem to make use of them. With our festival Mr. Ribson
be hard to replace. We must give him credit for being a pusher. He has a tremendous public image If you hadn't heard of the Cobalt Miners Festival
you would sure hear about it after he has through with it. There has to be an adult program as well as a youth as both are very important. My father and mother came in 1907. Capt. Fancy was mine manager and lived in what today is Walter Hylands home being a Nova Scotia when they needed miners he went to Nova Scotia and brought back quite a number of Nova Scotians for work in the mine. When we arrived there were four children in the family and there was a house in Kerr Lake for us. My father worked at the Kerr Lake Mine and Crown
Reserve until his retirement some 40 years 1910 first street car went to Kerr Lake


In those days water was carried from the lake not too far away. No washing machines my mother used a tub and washboard for her laundry and there was wood for cooking and heating. There was always plenty of wood in area. My mother cooked and cleaned for 8 children.
When McKinley Darraugh discovered silver they were actually cutting ties to build the railroad. The silver rush started and everybody was prospecting for A-'silver. The story was always told about the cook at the old Temiskaming Mine, decided to go prospecting in his time off and he found silver vein and property which he sold to Mr. Hennessy of Haileybury for $500. this later turned out to be worth thousands. J.R.Booth owned a couple of lumber camps buildings are still being used today on Kerr Lake and logs to lumber camps came through a chain of lakes to Lake Temiskaming. We made a fortune in lumbering contracting this
for the railroad that was being built. They said that Ottawa at the time had 32 millionaires. Well instead of six figures Booth acquired wealth to eight figures. Coniagas & Trethewey found 2 mines in one week, when most people in a lifetime only found one. The Beaver and Temiskaming mines are deepest ones in the area one went down 1600 feet and this other went down 1725 feet deep. Before the days of Cobalt there was a bush road already in use from the lumber camps which they used when they couldn't travel on the lakes in the winter.
I went to lower school at Kerr Lake. There was a school at Beaver Mine Property and one at Temiskaming Property which is now Silver Miller machine shop building and went to High School in Cobalt. After leaving High School started working at Crown Reserve want to Kerr Lake Mines and Val d'Or because there was no work.--So I went up there and worked for three years. I then went to Niagara Falls and worked in a war plant for 4 years back to Cobalt in 1945 when my brother and I were partners in a diamond drill business. I can remember at the time our school teacher at Kerr Lake was one of the highest paid teachers in Ontario making $1000. per year and the time the township of Coleman was so rich that the government borrowed money from them. All the mines were on Township property and they became rich from taxes collected. The Temiskaming Mine was the beginning of the McIntyre Bomber Really was president and money & profit made at Temiskaming Mine was used to invest in McIntyre. Beaver was the making of Kirkland Lake gall mine. A lot of revenue & stock went to producing gold mines and others invested in real estate. In Nov. 1948 I started working for Agnico and am still there today. Kerr Lake had a population of at least 20,000 in the good days. Had its own station and a train coming in daily from Cobalt. It was a five rail junction station. Tom McDougal lived next door to us and delivered coal with a team of horses even today they are digging up coal on some of the locations of mine properties at Kerr Lake, Mats been there for years. The streetcars were coming in from Cobalt every 15 minutes. There were 2 schools two theatres, several general stores, and 5 tennis coats. Every mine out there had its own dining halls and at night they used to move the tables out
and it was used for a dance hall with hardwood floors. The halls were always filled up for dances a lot of people came from Cobalt and there were all kinds of piano players and musicians. Jimmie Marietti could play piano, accordion, horn, banjo and Jimmie Hassett played so did Danny Crookshand, Ralph
Richardson. The food was so good at the Temiskaming mine that a lot of fellows
used to pretend to be coming in for work because the mine never let a fellow go back home on an empty stomach. They always gave them a meal and we had our "Dudes" today known as gigolo or said escorts. Anyway there two fellows here who were this best dressers and most in demand. They were Cliff McKenzie
and Tom Thomas. A tailor by business Ken McKay always acid when they were having suits made they would outdo one another with 1 meticulous detail.
Cobalt had its beauty queen known as Cobalt Beauty and Kerr Lake had 'Minnie Shields who was a real looker. Good all-around sport, played piano, danced.
She was the most popular girl.
Wages when I started working were as low as $1.50 per day for students and $3.00 a day was good pay. Some of the mines especially the Nipissing where
one of my friends worked used to make the miners bag enough ore to pay expenses for the operation of that shift, no more and it was a common thing for some of the fellows to get 3 or 4 of them together and bring a bottle of whisky to drink while on shift because conditions were not always the best and it was always very wet underground for some of the crews working. I can remember sitting '; my sister's home and seeing Mr. Nolan come out on deck at the Temiskaming Mine. Houses, mines, mills and buildings were not too far apart. You've heard them talk about the Silver Sidewalk well in 1904 before silver was even discovered there was a narrow bush trail used, by loggers and fellows going back & forth. They started out at Lake Temiskaming from there to Cross Lake - Kerr Lake
on Crown Reserve. Property there was a bay and when they portaged from the Bay to the lake there was a dig float flat piece of rock this was the silver sidewalk they used for a few years before silver was discovered and when they found out what the shiny metal was in it possible became one of the most publicized veins in the history of the camp. I think I have a story on it in one of my 1909 newspapers. I keep them at the mine. I'll let you see them so you can get some interesting history from them.
Dr. Drummond owned Drummond Mine later became known as the Cobalt Comet properties. Some people think he died here. He died in Montreal kept coming back to Kerr Lake to his mine and in later years to his home for holidays. They erected a Cairn as a monument to him, the fireplace of his former home and did you know the park down town was in his memory. A nephew was in Cobalt for the opening ceremony. This is all that comes to mind right now but I will let you see the old newspapers I have there are some interesting stories.
As I said in the beginning Cobalt will come back there is so much ore left underground yet, and some spots haven't been mined at all, through my experience and working with my brother Jim I know we have it here. All we need is a boost in the price of silver or maybe a subsidy. I have lived here most of my life and I like. My favorite pastime is fishing 'and hunting and there are no more beautiful spots anywhere than right here. If some people would only take advantage of the facilities on our back door step they wouldn't have to be asking what does a fellow do in this town anyway. This really gets me going. I have taken some interested parties through the years out fishing, hunting and tours of old mining properties.
I think the town has done a good job of building up the downtown area and giving due credit to some of our outstanding men Dr. Drummond & Dr. Dunning to name but a few.

Note: Bud's mother used to hook rugs with a picture of Dr. Drummond's home on them. He has one of the rugs as a keepsake. The Price families have been real pioneers in this area they are a credit to the community. They do a lot of things that people never find out about and could be called some of our unseen heroes. unsung heroes.

Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski
Date of Interview: March 9, 1972
1.Robert Raeburn

Time 1 1/2 hrs.
2. Bob

3. 49 Galena St,
5. 8163
6. 65 born March 10, 1905
7. Gateshead, England
8. Dad Scotland, Mother England
9. England
10. May 1913 the year before WWI
11. Boat to Quebec City, came over on the old Empress of Briton it was sunk during the 1st war.
12. Train to Montreal, North Bay to Cobalt
13. Dad came a year ahead then sent for us, My sister mother and I joined dad here. My Mother had 2 sisters in Cobalt. Mrs. Pescod and Mrs., Hamilton, she's dead
14. miner
15. nurse
16. retired because I was sick just had a leg amputated.
17 Nurse
18. I was 9 yrs., old, Got off the train in Gillies, Where Murray Watts, house is today. There was a station there. From the city and taking a look around it was all different. We stopped there in 1913, because my dad met us there from there to river, got in a motor launch and went to Hound, Chutes, there was no road there at that time, My dad was working on construction. They were building the ragged chutes air plant when we got to hound chutes there was a team of horses, there and wagon, that took us 3 miles to Ragged Chutes.
19.Pretty busy you could hardly walk down the street for people
20.We camp because my dad was here for 2 yrs.,
21.Lots of work in mines, My dad got me a job with old power corporation. At that time they called it the mines power, driving to team of horses
22. 7 to 5
23. $90.00 a month
24. It was a small apartment over the machine shop. 1 big room, curtain divided the bedrooms
25.We had Xmas trees here and in England garlands, Garland was 2 rings of wooden barrel criss-crossed and decorated with paper, put your tinsel on it. house
28. A living wood range
29. Electric heater hand made on the wall, you couldn't be allowed to use them today
30. All kinds rough looking and busy.
31. Mostly shows, 6 or 7 theatres here then that had live talent. When my dad got off
the train he was thirsty, he saw a policeman and asked him where he could get a drink
the policeman took him and showed him.
32. Slide down hills, made our own skating rink
33.The old Public School
34. 8 my dad said if you don't want to go to school you have to go to work
36. Horse and buggy wagon. Street cars to New Liskeard to Cobalt, trains
37. Dr. Mitchell
41. Not bad mostly miners in the hospital they never wore hard hats then just soft rubber hats.
I tried to get jobs in the mines and they wouldn't hire me so when I was 17 I headed west on the harvest excursion, Job, was easy to get but darn hard work.
42. All kinds they held them out at old ball ground Park Hand steel drilling. Mucking contest
43. pretty far
44. dinner time
45. Just what you had
46. If you had a suit you put it on, no place to go,
47. If you had a ball game we would sit on the hill and watch them or go skating in the
48. old rink.
49. nothing
50. I got a new home here
51. It's cheaper to live here
53. I went away lots of times but always came back
55. yes
56. I would like to see some, new mines open up it they can find new silver mines
57. summer
58. before I was sick, had the odd party
59. Wood working refinishing paper
60. Find new mines, some other type of industry where they make things that would employ
61, people with money to do exploration work tourists
62. Show them the old mine workings, rock cuts, ice stays the year round never melts.
63. Get ice to keep beer cold

Bob built the new house, it’s on the property that used to be the old Nancy Helen Mine
Wised the same foundation the concrete is 19 inches thick in 2 corners of the foundation there were two pillars for steam engine the other a generator the steam engine drove the generator to make their own electric lights.

Carmen Stubinski
February 21,1972.
2 hours.
1.Alma Reese
3..Alma Fearn
4.50 Cobalt St., Cobalt
7. Iroquois Falls,Ont.
8. Mother, Montreal, Father, England.
9. Montreal.
10. 1948
12. Abitibi Canyon by train to Cochrane from Cochrane to Cobalt by car.
13. 7
14. Rigger with hydro
17. Hairdresser.
18. That it would be the last place in Ontario I would choose to live.
19. Dilapidated
20. It was where my husband’s work was
21. Mining.
22. Housewife, 22 hours a day
24.An old dilapidated house which was large cold and uncomfortable. It was so cold I had to go to bed with the kids to get warm, that was when I put on 30 lbs. in two months.
25.We arrived here in December so we were unsettled but managed to have a happy Christmas.
26. in house.
29.. Furnace, wood and coal.
30.. Adequate.
31.Shows, house parties, Community concerts, musical concerts sponsored by the Board of Education in the Public School Auditorium.
32. Skating, skiing, baseball, hockey and swimming
33. no,
34. 10
35. Cars and Shank's mare, train and bus
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Good, had to go to Haileybury
38. Cochrane
39. 16, 17, 17, 21 and one still going to University
40. Girl in store, Boys in mine, telephone office
44. Meat, potatoes, vegetables, desserts
46. Jeans, shirt
47. Sunday clothes
48. Children to Sunday school, sometimes Church and generally a car drive in the afternoon.
49. Little things that my children made me and gave me. My grandmother's old broach, and a little black paper Mache snuff box.
50. Attitude of the people, so many things going on, on the same night. It's impossible to go to them all, as much as I would like to
51. Painting is creative
52.Updating of buildings and up-dated without destroying their unique character, improved roads did away with dust for which Cobalt was noted for, in the early days. The street lights are a tremendous help in navigating our uneven terrain. The parks are one of the absolute necessities for any town or village. I enjoy them every day.
53. None
54. Shopping
55. It's not adequate one has to go out of town for many things. I wish I didn't have to.
56. Yes
57. Would like to see all the mines reopen again.
58. The whole year
59. Shows, all concerts, plays, Little Theatre,
60. Unique ventures, such as pottery making to use our local clay. Enlarge silver crafting. A light industry that would employ people who have not enough schooling, or have a physical disability who would be glad to go to work. A light industry could include brooms, adobe bricks out of local clay? Road markers, street signs, cast offs from the mines, flower pots, reclaiming refuse
61. I would like to see a large vacant building used as a central location for the many beautiful crafts and services this small community offers, also young people's services,
62. People with time and money.
63. First of all it is unique. Has a true mining town flavour, wouldn't want to see this lost, excellent library, excellent book store on Highway 11, lakes for swimming. It is also an artist’s paradise. Mining museum, one of the best I've ever seen. Walking the back streets is fascinating.


Alma Reese is a talented artist one of her painting won a prize.
She has done several paintings, hooked rugs that are as beautiful as her painting. Loves to take long walks, she is a very talented woman.

Carmen Stubinski Feb. 25, 1972
2 1/4 hours.
1.Frank Richards
4. 68 Cobalt Street, Cobalt.
5. 679-5514
6. 69
7. Cornwall, England.
8. Cornwall England
9. England.
10. Labour day 1922 The day the 0"Brien Mill burnt.
11. Boat and train
12. came by boat to St. John N. Brunswick to Montreal by train - Montreal North Bay and Cobalt by train.
13. I came with my aunt and uncle Mr. & Mrs. Treblecock who lived in Cobalt they came to England for a holiday I returned with them. I was 20 years old.
14. Underground at Coniagas Mine (Miner)
15. Clerk at Woolworths
16. Retired 1970
17. Housewife
18. Found it rough
19. Very different from where I come from. It was booming then. Lots of mines were working.
20.My aunt and Uncle talked me into coming because there was lots of work and a good future for a young man.
21.Lots of mines operating, foundry, wholesale houses. There were 4 of them. Clerking in stores because there were lots of them here.
22. 9 hours per day.
23. $22.50 per week.
24. a large duplex frame house.
25. Church - family gatherings.
26. In house.
27. Hydro
28. Wood stove
29. Quebec heater, coal.
0. Drug store, Millinery shop, 2 tailor shops. Ken MacKay one tailor operating a tailor shop, had 2 or 3 tailors working for him. You walked in they measured you for a suit and made it up in their own shop.
They made my wedding suit for me. We had shoe stores. Shows, movies and
drug store. Pete McKewen had the largest grocery store in town. Taylor Pipe had a grocery store on the square. Tom Black's Hardware. Taylor Hardware, Rowdon’s Hardware. Jack Ough Butcher Shop. Dick Fauteaux Butcher shop. Jim Elkins was the butcher. Graham's had a general store on Cobalt
street where the pop factory was across the street Rex Collins had a corner store. There was a grocery store where Mary Kelly's house stands today.
On Lang Street, Coutu Malouin and Dworski had grocery stores. Morin and Frere had a general store.
Sullivan and Shillington had wholesale and retail. Gamble Robinson strictly wholesale before the depression. After depression went into Groceries plus fruit in the 1930's. W.L.Lowery, Candy and Tobacco wholesaler. Chas. Reckin wholesale. Turkish bath and barber shop .on Lang Street. Bill George and Steve each had barber shops. Shave 250, hair cut 250.
Worked for gamble Robinson starting May 1923 Retired Fall 1955 - 32 years.
31. 2 shows. Lots of dances if you wanted to at the town hall. There were lots of Box socials in Cobalt and North Cobalt - North Cobalt is where I met my wife at Warrens.
32. Go to YMCA, basketball, swimming, and bowling. Sandy Hall ran the YMCA - Carl Hutt helped him.
34. 9 years.
35. Street cars. Not too many cars. There was no road out of town to North Bay then. We had horses and drays. In winter often shipped stuff to New Liskeard by street car when the roads were impassable.
36. Dr. Schmidt.
37. The miners hospital run by the mines
38. At home on Cobalt St.
39. Everyone went through school in Cobalt. Marjorie & Francis went in training to be nurses. Mildred at bank - at 18, Beverly at Bank at 17, Had six children-on Kenneth went to University.
41. Not like they are now. They didn't have too much machinery. Everything
was done by hand. We had to walk and climb ladders to go to each level
42. Drilling contests at West Cobalt and couching competitions.
43. Ate at bunk house. Bacon was bought by the slab, lots of eggs and porridge.
44. As night came we ate - meat, vegetables, good heavy eaters.
45. suit, skirt, and tie
46. Best suit.
47. going to Church, long walks, nature study.
48. Have a jug from England. 150 years old inscribed St. Dennis Diamond Jubilee 1897.1 went to that Sunday School when I was a child.
49. Its home.
50. Know nearly everyone by their first name. Its friendly.
51. New park, new building of Tressiders, Silver Tavern.
52. I like it.
55. Yes
56. I'd like to see the mines reopen and the price of silver go up and a steady pay rate again.
57. Summer time when I can get out in the garden I go swimming at Bass Lake.
58. Church, lodges, meetings, watching T.V.
59. Gardening, fishing.
60. Low price in silver has hurt us the most. Would like to see the smelter
reopen. Something would have to subsidized by the government to bring in some industry into Cobalt.
61. Artists are very interested. Rock collectors.
62. Museum, at to Giroux and Kerr Lake to see the open rock cuts. The Drummond Cairn fireplace. To Bass Lake, fishing. Latchford, Montreal aver. Sass Lake where our drinking water comes from. Steps and
unique hill climbing, good beaches, no pollution, good clean free air


Mr. Richards came to Cobalt when he was 19. Worked in a mine for one year started to work at Gamble Robinsons at a young age, 32 years were spent in their employ so knows all the stores we had over the years.
A quiet reserved gentleman.

Joanna Stubinski February 15, 1972
1 pm – 2:30 pm

Mrs. Alice Riley
Alice Jordan
4. 7 Cobalt St.,
5. 679-5538
6. 72 in May
7. Indian Harbor Lake, Nova Scotia
8. Same place.
9. nova Scotia.
10. 1917
12. by train from Nova Scotia to Cobalt. Had never seen or heard a Frenchman before until coming through Quebec - thought they were funny looking people.
13. Came alone to her sister's
14. Miner and then prospected
15. Came to get married.
17. Housekeeper for her son. Enlisted in army but never got into action because the war ended.
18. Got in a surrey to Kerr Lake little black shacks -thought they were hen houses.
19. Very busy, all kinds of people came to town Saturday by street car. There were people hanging from the cars, so crowded the settlement at Kerr Lake was all young people, never saw an elderly person.
20.Came to visit sister and got married.
22.12 hours
23. $4 per day.
24. Living in bungalow type – 5 rooms red tar paper on outside, near the school.
25. Spent Christmas with her sister.
26. Not too far - same street.
28. soon stove was cleaned once or twice a month with black stove
29. Coal stove.
30. 1 General Store, at Kerr Lake but in Cobalt all kinds of shops and department stores also, dries good stores.
31. Shows, visit from house to house, social evenings.
32. Skating and dancing.
33. No.
34. 8 years.
35. Street cars, horse and buggy, livery stables to call, Taxi service.
36. Dr. Taylor.
37. Had her babies at home - didn't know too much about the hospital cost too much money, so stayed at home. Had a lovely mauve and yellow bedroom, doctor even passed remarks, Mrs. Birtch was the mid-wife.
38. Kerr Lake , Albert was born.
39. went into the army at 16.
40. worked in Grocery store part-time
41. Old shaft houses, and bunk houses.
42. On special days they had gatherings such as old boy’s reunion, all sorts of contests.
43. Boiled dinners, corned beef and cabbage steaks.
44. Food was all homemade, bread was baked.
46. Housedresses, nice big apron starched and ironed.
47. Got dressed up after the noon meal.
48. Went for walks, carriage and go cart with babies, took long walks.
49. Wedding picture.
50. Just loves it wouldn't live anywhere else.
51. All good memories.
52. Parks and new post office.
53. No.
54. No
56. Have a sidewalk put in front of house, street signs.
57. Same as above.
58. Summer months
59. Play cards, go to Bingo's likes travelling.
60. Sewing, fancy work and knitting.
61: Thinks it will come back as it always has
62. Good living people.
63. Sass Lake, mining Tours, museum, fishing, and hunting.

The highlights I really enjoyed hearing actual funny
incidents that happened - first of all she decided to cook a steak
for Frank , she did very well as you would say, it was well done. Burnt black and on fire.
Then the beautiful cream pie that she set outside to cool, the neighbours that lived below had chickens and when Alice went to get her pie she found the chickens in her pie dancing and having a whale 'of
a time. Also at Christmas she remembers well, asked her husband Frank to peel potatoes he peeled a 25 lb. bag, enough for the whole neighbourhood. So she gave potatoes for Christmas presents.

Simone Bedard April 14,1972

Rodolphe Rivet
17 Galena St.
(Bake!-) bread salesman
I was born in Maniwaki Que.
My parents were also born in Maniwaki
9. 62 YrS. old. When I came here in 1952 it was booming and I had 5 very good -years, Cobalt had its ups and downs, but to me it was very good. I came to Cobalt from Noranda to operate a bakery shop which was owned by Mr. Hermiston From 1952 to 1956 I was making my own bread and doughnuts, now I buy my bread from a company and deliver it to my old customers.
13. When we came to Cobalt we had 5 children and I was born since we came here
17. During the last war I was working at the Noranda Mine and the men who
worked there were exempt from the army as we were mining copper and it was
very much needed by the army. I was working 12 hours a day and 7 days a
week as we were short of men.
18. my impression of Cobalt was very good, they had prospectors in the Tri.,
Towns, the highways from New Liskeard to Temagami were all newly paved.
The Larose mine & the Agnico ore opened and were hiring men and they worked for ova? to some time.
22. I was working 15 hrs. a day in my bake shop, I'd get up at 4 a.m. and I'd
bake until 8 a.m. then I would load my truck and make my deliveries, in
the afternoon & evenings I'd work some more it was hard work, but I enjoyed every minute of it.
30. TBS, Sam Buckovetsky’s, Damiani's grocery, Silver City grocery, Bolan's groceries, Zanin's bakery, Cecil Birtch Garage, Lowery's Wholesale
31. There wasn't too much if you went to the hotel and they knew that you sang or played an instrument you'd be asked to play or sing
36. Dr. Dunning was our family doctor
38. Our first child was born in Maniwaki Que
39. Yves went to school until he was 15 years old and he was in grade 10.He worked in the bakeshop with me for four years. Denise quit school in grade 8 and then she stayed home with us. Jean Pierre went to grade 13, and he worked at the Imperial Bank of Commerce in Cobalt, he is now for the Social & Family Service Depot. Remi went to grade 10 and worked for me for 5 yrs. Andre went to grade 12 in school and is working at Steve's grocery. Suzanne is still attending school and she is going to St. Michel's in New Liskeard
49. As far as I'm concerned it's a nice friendly place to live. When we moved to Cobalt we came from the province of Quebec but people accepted us
as we were welcomed.
51. The only change I didn't like was the change for the Regional School.
55. In a mining town like Cobalt the only thing is if the price of silver went
up and the mines working good again it would help a lot. Right our young people are leaving to get work elsewhere.
57. I prefer the summer months as I like to go fishing
We watch TV, my wife belongs to the Rotary Auxiliary and Les Femmes Chretiennes and she also goes to bingos.
If we had an industry that would require silver this certainly would be good for our community.


If the government would help us with tourism, as we have a lot of beautiful scenic countryside. What we need in our town is another, doctor, a dentist, a lawyer, a pharmacy, another clothing store that would cover men, ladies children’s wear would also be nice. Recreation could be improved, especially for the teenagers.

Carmen Stubinski April 17,1972
1. Lucine Robinson ( Mrs. Owen) 3 hours
2. Cina
3. Lucine Holden
4. 85 Jamieson St., Cobalt
5. 679-5601
6. 78 yrs. old
7. Calabogie
8. Mother and dad both born in Calabogie
9. Sturgeon Falls
10. We arrived in North Cobalt in 1907. my dad came first he was here 2 years ahead of us in 1905. The mill had closed down in Sturgeon Falls. So he came here to work for the railroad building stations. The first one they built was in Temagami. Mother and the 4 of us children came together. Dad got us a little shack next to Grooms and Hoodleys behind the Nugget Hotel. I remember the Grooms having chickens. We stayed in that little shack all yd./ter. Dad built the house on Birch St. and we moved in the following fall. We came to North Cobalt in the fall. The mud was terrible when we moved in the little house in Argentite. It was big enough for us to eat and sleep in-the 6 of us. never forget seeing Jack Hoodley and Mr. Jones fighting on the street. I was scared to death. Mrs. Hoodley had had dinner ready for us when we got off the train and we stayed there a couple of nights till we moved in the shack. I was 12 years old when we came here. Fighting on the streets there was a lot of it. It was very rough in those days.
14. Owen was musician. Owen played the. violin. He used to give violin lessons.
He worked at the Coniagas mine. We were married in 1920 and built a house in North Cobalt. It was burnt in the 1922 fire. We rebuilt the house after the fire and lived there till we came to Lang St. I still own the house in North Cobalt. I worked at the garage all the time with Owen. Owen and I used to go to Windsor
and drive the new cars back with Owen. That we sold. We got on very well working together. Owen was very kind. He has been dead 2 years and there are still lots of outstanding bills owing us that were never paid. Owen was a government licensed driver's tester for issuing licenses. Owen had so many violin pupils he did/lit have to go in the garage business I can't figure why he gave it up. He went to work for Lamb Brothers on Lang St. first he quit there and bought Barkells garage. We lived upstairs in an apartment for 5 years. It caught on sire and burnt down. The fire started from a spark from the steam engine of the train below. Charlie Reckin came along and wanted us to take over the warehouse on Silver St. He bought it and made a garage out of the bottom of it and apartment on top. We lived in an upstairs apartment.
15. I worked at the Haileyburian newspaper office before I was married. C.C. Farr owned the Haileyburian then. Carl Green was office manager. Gladys Greer and Delsie Deseroies worked there. We made $7.00 per week in wages.
16. Owen was a garage operator. He died in 1970.
17. Owen was in the first World War 1914-1918 He was in the army in France for. 3 years. We were burnt out 3 times once North Cobalt once on Lang St, once on Silver St. and all our records were burnt. We had bad luck with fires.
25. I remember our first X-mas up north in the little shack. We had our X-mas tree outside that year.
26. We carried our water from Groom's well
27. Coal oil lamps and lanterns
28. a cook stove in the back shed in the summer and we ate inside
30. In North Cobalt Mrs. Jean had a grocery store, there was Hoodleys Poolroom. Jones Poolroom, A. Shaw, Delmonte's Bakery a Post Office. St. Cyr's had a livery stable. Legault's had a grocery store on Argentite St. There was a Methodist Church on Queen St., Presbyterian Church on Birch.St.Lilies had a hardware store. Harold and Bill Findlay worked there . Ed Jordon had teams of horses and Joe Christo had horses they hauled ore from the Ruby Greemeighan Mines to the trestle for loading in box cars. There was a mine down at the Lake at Hurley's. Can't remember the name of the mine. It was just below our farm in North Cobalt. I have just sold the block farm to a Syndicate in Toronto.
31. There were dances, concerts, and the show to go too. Ladies Aid bake sales. didn't go to dances and the box social. Jennie used to go.
32. Skate on the creek and slide on the hills
33. In North Cobalt on Cross Lake road. The school burnt in the 1922 fire. It was next to the Anglican Church. The Women's Institute Hall today.
33. Street cars. my sister Jennie Later bar Mrs. Bert Page started to work the car barn office for Nipissing Central as a young woman she worked there till they took the street cars off in 1935. Neil Mclsaac got the bus franchise He had been a Motorman for Nipissing Central all his life. He started the bus route from Cobalt to New Liskeard later after he died Earl Walsh bought the bus line and is operating it today.
36. Dr. Schmidt
37. Cobalt had a good hospital the Miners hospital
38. We never had any chi1dren of our own, we adopted a little girl 4 years old and raised her as our own. I am very proud of Anna today. She has been very good to me.
39. Anna never worked.
45. Cotton dresses, black high top laced boots
46. Pure silk dress, Hat, gloves, never felt dressed Without hat and gloves
47. We went to Church in the morning and Church at night. I sang in the choir Our family worked hard for the church
48. I have lots of mother's things - an old cupboard pictures etc. Lots of things. My mother Mrs. John Holden?, when the family was all gone and Jennie remarried again came to live with me. She cooked and looked after things
She lived to the ripe old age of 99 and 3 months to the very day. She was active till the day she died. My brother Ernie well known to many people was conductor on the street cars. He married Miss Grace Reed who was a Public school teacher in North Cobalt for many years. They had 2 children Marion and Reed. He was offered a good position with Abitibi Pulp in Kapuskasing He quit Nipissing Central and went to Kap. to live.
51. Cobalt is more up to date now.
52. I like Cobalt. Because I live here and have too many happy memories and good friends here.
57. Get out more in summer, but I do miss driving the car.
58. Go visiting and on trips
59. Bake have people in - love putting a nice table.
61. Anyone would come to Cobalt. We have the history of being the first town in the north.
62. It’s different from any other part of the country. We used to get ice out of the rock cuts years ago. Mining tours and beautiful scenery
0wen was an American Citizen. He never took out Canadian naturalization papers.
He was a mason, Shriner, Odd fellow. Had his 33rd degree. Several Shriners came
from USA to his funeral. He was a quiet kind retiring man and liked by all..Cini belongs to Rebecca’s, Eastern Star and Daughters of the Nile All the Robinsons married life. She went to work in the morning with him and
home at night. She was a familiar figure around the garage down town.

Name of Interviewer: Simone Bedard April 11, 1972

1. Collette Robitaille
3. Collette Gareau
4. Nipissing Property
5. 679-8264
7. Gracefield, Quebec
8. My parents were both born in Gracefield
10. We arrived in Cobalt in 1919. Mr. A. Chenier my, mother's brother came to Cobalt a couple of yrs. before us. He was an undertaker and he operated a drugstore at the same time.
11. We came to Cobalt from Willowbunch Sask. by train. Dad had a wheat and grain farm.
13. my parents 4 boys and 2 girls.
14. My dad was a millwright and carpenter.
17. The only war memory that I have is when they took my father off the train in handcuffs in Winnipeg, they thought he was a war deserter and when they found out that he was a farmer and the father of 6, they gladly let him come back to his crying mob.
18. It was like a big city, it was very busy and a lot of people of all kinds and everybody was happy.
19. It was a heck of a big place to live, and there were a lot of people.
20. Dad came to Cobalt for work, we sure didn't think it would look like this and to us children it was a very nice place.
21. There was mining work, the nipissing and larose mines were big mines
22. They worked 12 hrs. a day
23.Carpenters and millwrights were paid more than miners,
24. My first home was a frame home on Russell St.
25. It was gathering at my aunts and all the relatives were there, not many toys but plenty of food and music, singing and merry making, this would start at Christmas Eve and last until little Christmas Jan. 6, during those days maybe we would eat only one meal at our own home, as we went from relative to relative and friends, all the children would come along with the parents. Everybody could remember flaming a good time during the Christmas holidays.
26. We had tap water when we came to us it really was something
27. We also had electric lights for the first time
28. We had a great big wood cook stove
29. We had a Quebec heater.
30. There were all kinds of shops, here are some of them as I knew them in 1925•28 or more. On the east side of Lang St. beginning from the north end.
Mr. Contour’s Grocery shop, Mr. Sabourin confectionery, Mrs. Miron Confectionery Shop, Mr. & Mrs., Olson grocer, Mrs. Saumier Remnant Shop, Mr. Belanger second—hand and New Furniture,
there was an Ice House on Galbraith St, Mr. Ketiemnir Dairy, Mr. Oblin Meat Shop, Mr. Joe Robitaille grocery, Mr. Lemire's garage. The Polish Pool Room, Mrs. Savard on Ferland St, Furniture store and Second hand store, Mrs. Riopelle Boarding house and home Baking, A Finnish Grocery Store. Mr. Kerfinckle Book Shop (school books, music, records, toys), Mr. Poloni's Pool room and Barber Shop, Bijou Theater, Mrs. Vellis's Ladies Store, Mrs. Daoux's Hat Shop, Mrs. Cote's confectionery and record shop, Mr. Matton's Barber shop, Mrs. Wilson’s Boarding House, Mrs. Causimic's Confectionery, Singer Sewing Machine Shop, on
Peter St. Mr. Campbell's coal sheds, on Laird St. Taylors Hardware ()warehouse), Mr. Rosicki's Men's Shop, Morin Frere Grocery and Hardware, Jabour Ladies Shop, Mrs. Villeneuve Boarding House, on Laird St. Freight Sheds Mr. Auger's Fruit and Confectionery, Bette's Shoe Shop and Repairs, Curler's Ladies and Men's Wear, next was a taxi Stand, Mr. Lavaevits. East Nipissing Store men's hop, next was a garage. Jabours Grocery Shop, next a Hat Shop, a
Shoe Shop, Sullivan and Shellington Grocery store and warehouse, Damiani's Grocery, Mr.
k.6 r4
Mino's Shoe Repair Shop, Mr. Hawkings Wallpaper and Paint Store, on Laud St. Gamble, Robinson's Wholesale, Finnish Pool Room and Turkish Bath and Barber Shop, McDermott’s Ladies Shop, Lavery's Wholesale, next was a boarding House, Mr. Shaw's Drugstore, St. Patrick Hall, Rowdon’s Hardware, next was a Business School.

Express Office, Stock Brokers, Jewelry Shop, 5-10-15 cent Store and upstairs office, Schmidt, Dr. Chase, Dr. Armstrong, and Lawyer McKay, Bank of Commerce, Stadelman's Block, Shop and records, school books, Mr. McEwen's Grocery, next was a tailor’s shop, Mr. Fauteau's Meat Store, then a Garage, Reckin and Son Wholesale, Mr. Cote's Garage.

West side of Lang St. North end.

Charlie's (Finnish grocery store, Zanin's grocery and bakery, Mr. Poisson’s wood yard. Mr. Chenier's drugstore and undertaker, Mr., Pico's Livery stable in front of the Church, Mr. Adducer’s Coal delivery, Mr. Shawasue Jewelry, Charlie’s Laundry, Me. Coutu's grocery, Mr. Wilson's livery stable, Finnish pool room, Mr. Murphy's black smith shop, Mr. Riley's leather shop, Mr. Martin's second hand store, Mr. Lapointe's Ladies wear, next was a restaurant, Mr. Torpe's Furniture, Sam Buckovetsky’s Clothing and Shoe Store, Mr. Aimone's Book, tobacco accessories of all kinds and pool room, Mr. Vellis's Men and Ladies Wear, Mr. Irwin's grocery next was a Chinese restaurant, Mr. Black's hardware and variety store,
Tip—Top Taylor Shop, next was a Jewelry Store, Imperial Bank, next was an hotel, there was a jewelry store, a grocery store, a book shop all on the ground floor of this hotel, Mr. Moore's drugstore, Mr. Giachino's fresh fruit and vegetables and meat store a beautiful store to see, next was a tobacco store, next was a Bank then Mr. McKay’s Taylor Shop. The Minerva Restaurant, a shoe shop, Mr. Ferris confectionery, The Fraser House, once the Post Office, the Cobalt Nugget now the Laundry, Mr. Shaw's drugstore a doctor's office, The Lyric Theater, The Grand Theater, Taylor’s Hardware, Mr. Taylor's Taylor Shop, Mr. Bert Ough grocery store. The Y.M.C.A., the Telephone office, Harris's Bake shop a second hand store, Cobalt Miners Hospital and the nurse's home.
31. There were all kinds of entertainment, and many theaters and people went in for concerts and plays and went in for dressing up. We also had carnivals
32. Baseball, gymnastics as we had the Y.M.C.A. in those days, and we played basketball and boxing for the boys, swimming and the tutor was Carl Hutt, we had a baseball ground in
West Cobalt, where everyone participated in something.
34 & 35. I went to school at Temiskaming Mine near Cobalt and at St, Pat's School and finished my schooling in grade 11 at the convent in Haileybury.
There were the trains, horse and buggies, streetcars. And it only cost 30 to go to school in Haileybury from Cobalt on the streetcar in 1929-30
36. My first family doctor was Dr. Taylor
37. They were very good in Cobalt, the nurse’s residence is still there, it was where Buffam’s Funeral Home is to-day.
38. My first child was born at the Haileybury Hospital.
39. One was 18 and the other was 17 yrs. old.
40. Peter went in the army, Richard worked in Toronto now he's working for the Hydro.
41. They were big, the Nipissing Mine looked like a little town when it was all it up at night.
42. They had hand drilling, hand mucking, tramming and they also had horse contest in heavy weight pulling. 43. They had a good healthy meal
44. It was the same as the miners, potatoes, vegetables, meat pies, and cake, and puddings all homemade.
45. On week days we wore our school clothes, tunics, blouses and after school we'd wear our play clothes, we didn't wear slacks in those days
46. We dressed in our Sunday best, our newest
47. We went to church in the morning, and our big meal was dinner, we were all in our Sunday best and no one touched anything dirty. We went visiting relatives or we'd take a walk on Boardwalk from Lang St. to Crown Reserve and this was all sidewalks and it was full, everybody seemed to be out walking. In the evening we'd go to the station to meet the train after supper it was a family affair and we were all dressed fit to kill.
48. yes
49. What I like about Cobalt is that everybody is so friendly.
51. They have the bus going up the hill on Prospect Ave. There's Bass Lake, We have a new Post Office, the Library, the arena, the Community Center. All the good changes on the buildings on Lang St.
52 & 53. They should bring back our ball grounds in town, they have taken the mail, the express, the telephone and Long distance and the Hydro office.
54. Why should we have to pay extra when we pay our hydro and telephone bills
55 & 56. It would be nice to have a shopping center in Cobalt to keep our people here for the shopping so that it wouldn't cost so much when we need anything we could buy it at home in our own town.
58. There's the card parties, dances once in a while, I used to bowl, I went skiing a few times and I like to go out just for walks.
59. My hobbies are sewing, cooking and I love music.
60. There should be more work. they should bring in a manufactory for clothes making, as this would mean that it would give jobs and they would be lasting.
61. Mining engineers and rock hounds would be interesting in Cobalt.
62. We have plenty, canoe rides, mining tours, camping, Hydro at Ragged Chutes Air Plant, There's a lake where you have to walk up a hill for 2 miles and when you get up, there's a beautiful lake and scenery. At Matabitchewan there's a place where they let the logs down in the lake and this goes to Lake Temiskaming. You can get to that lake by canoe from Latchford, this would be a beautiful tour for tourists and even for school children, this lake is also called Bass Lake but not the same one as we know as Bass Lake just outside of Cobalt, they also have beautiful cottages there. There's beautiful things to see that are made by nature in this certain area.

When we were going to school, we wanted and we had a lot of fun doing it too. In the Winter the teams of horses that used to bring the ore to the freight sheds were just the
--- thing for us, the teamster would stop and let us on the sleight it was a real sleigh ride for us.
It seems that everybody went out and picked berries. The school children could hardly wait for the summer holidays to get out of school so they could get out there and pick. The
whole family went, they would go to Martineau Bay. There they would put up their tents and stay there all Summer, buy did I ever envy them, their mom, their sisters, brothers and their
neighbours sitting around the fires at night and sing songs one after another and having a
real picnic all the Summer long. But they did pick every day, then they sold their blueberries
to some truck that would b0 them right at their tent. Some come home with a sizeable sum. Those were the days.
Some boys from the town got together and went to Peterson Lake and they made a nice beach. You could go out there any day and you would see mothers with their children enjoying the nice weather. In hot days you could see a parade of people going to Peterson Lake. Many a happy hours were spent there. In winter the boys made a skating rink, you should have seen the crowd there. They had the rink in the old French School. This school had been struck by lightning in 1927 and it had burned down. This happened just before school re-opened in Sept. This school was on O'Brien Property.
One morning we were not allowed to cross the Right of Way Bridge, because a horse and carriage had gone right through the bridge and fallen on the tracks below, the horse was dead and the carriage was all smashed up. I guess the man got away ahead because we never heard that he was dead.
Some people from the French church held a garden party at the French School on the O'Brien
Property, it lasted three days. There was a good time for everyone. Lots to eat and a lot of music and concerts and plays. Games of all kinds, thus was an affair for the entire family. The old boys re—union, there was so many people, it was held at the baseball grounds West Cobalt. It seemed to me that the ground was all fenced in. There were clowns and more clowns, races of all kinds, I went in a few. Pictures were taken. I just can't remember everything but I do remember everybody seemed to be all dressed up in their best and when
we got home we were all tired but happy.
in the Temiskaming Mine we played a lot of baseball, everybody played. We went for walk’s with mom and dad and the neighbours went swimming on Sunday we would sit and watch the cars come and go. There was a lot of cars that would come out to Temiskaming Mine because the roads were nice to drive on. We went swimming in a swimming hole and everybody went, one day my sister was drowned there, no one noticed until quite a while that she was missing the principal of our school found her. I never went back to the swimming hole. We went to school in a little red school house it was a nice school and so were the students.
There was a Wild West Rodeo in Cobalt it was held at the baseball ground. You should have seen the big parade with all their cowboys and cowgirls with they're horses. They also had broncos. Those cowboys could lasso just about anything, then when they were gone, almost every day in town had a lasso and they could lasso anything across the street, one day i was lassoed and the rope got me right on the eyebrow, next day at school the whole class had quite a laugh. This Wild West Rodeo reminded you of Calgary Stampede, only on a smaller scale. The town was bursting at its seams with all these people in town.
I remember when the Larose shaft house burnt down, we thought i was the end of the world.
You know that the ladies in Cobalt were noted for being the best dressed ladies in
the North. When we mentioned how nice a certain lady was, people already knew, and in Ottawa I was told that the ladies of Cobalt were noted for being stylish, that made me quite proud. We did have some stylish ladies. When they'd put on their plays, dances or what have you, you should have seen them, such a lady was Mrs. Mitchell.
When the Nipissing Mine burned it made me sad because it was so beautiful to look at.
In the daytime it looked like a little town in itself away up there on the hill. People would stop and gaze at the bucket of ore travelling away up on the cables over Cobalt Lake over the town to the Nipissing shaft house and back again to the mill. There wasn’t only one bucket but many of them. It really was something, to see the buckets passing one another to and fro. I asked my husband what was the first thing he thought of when he first saw Cobalt in 1934. He said he had never seen so many crooked streets and black houses in all his life. This is true, because it seemed that no one ever painted his house, they just let it get real black. Now some people list paint. It seemed that one started then another and another now Cobalt looks better than it did then.
I have a friend that came to visit me during the Centennial Celebration, she came from Florida. She wanted to see everything she could during her holiday. She was brought up here and went to Public School. Her name then was Viano Kettinen, her parents had a dairy and the delivered milk all over Cobalt. Any way I took her to Saturday Matinee, ragged Chutes, She just couldn't get over it. It was such a nice thing to see and to think that it was the first time that she had seen it, and to think that she was so close to it and could have seen it
a million times. It was 30 yrs. since I had seen her. We never noticed what we had until someone makes us see and appreciate it. I think there's a lot of people here that does not know what we have right here to show them, we don't have to travel for miles and miles to see interesting things, we have them right at our finger tips.
The other day a school principal asked me what was in those big pipes that run down that hill is it oil or gas. I said no it's air. she said air what for. I told her they used it for the mines, she wanted to know all about it. I told her all I could and also about Ragged Chutes. And she answered. And here we are sending our students to Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and other places while they have more here for them to see than they see in those other -places. I agree and there are also tunnels with ice on them too.

Simone Bedard.
1. Alfred Roy
4. 181 Lang St.
5. 679- 8214
6. 82 years old
7. I was born in Buckingham Quebec
8. My mother was born in Terrebonne Quebec I can't remember where my father was born.
9. Originally we came from Buckingham Quebec. When we arrived here we had no relatives in Cobalt, my father came first he was here for about a month or two then he sent for us.
10. I came to Cobalt in March of 1906.
11 & 12. We left Buckingham by train, went to Ottawa and then on to Cobalt by train.
13. When we came to Cobalt we were 7 boys and three girls and our parents.
14. My father was a miner
17. I was married to Alvina Forget in 1913 and during the first war they did not enlist married men, I was too old for the second world war.
18. There were a lot of tar paper shacks and I told my dad "I won't stay here for very long"
19. 1 found it dirty, no pavement and the roads were all muddy, they were just starting to build wooden sidewalks
20. I came to Cobalt to work, and I expected to see people which I did, but thought the place would be nicer.
21. There was employment in the mines & the saw mills. I remember there was a saw mill on Commission St. where the old St. Patrick school used to be.
22. We worked 10 hrs. a day
23. A machine man got $3.50 a day a helper $3.00 and those who worked where it was dirty and wet were paid $3.75 a day.
24. Our first home was on Hudson Bay Property it was a one storey house, it consisted of a kitchen dining room and living room, the sleeping quarters were divided from the rest of the house by curtains and we slept on the floor on mattresses
25. We had a little drink and sang, if you went to bed early, your friends and neighbours would come and knock on the door until you opened, they wouldn't leave until they were allowed inside as they were in the celebrating mood.
26. Water was bought at .05 cents a pail or by the barrel which was cheaper. Mr. Joe Nadeau and Mr. Martin passed with horse drawn water tanks, and you'd
buy what you needed they'd get the water at the lake.
27. Coal oil lamps were used
28. Wood stove served the purpose and being in the bush we had all the wood we needed.
29. The same wood stove served the purpose
30. There were a lot of stores, Mr. Abraham, Vellis's Mr. Auger had a restaurant, Batons had a grocery store and they had the order office in the back.
31. I believe there were around six theatres, I remember the Princess and Bijou where St. Therese Parish had at theirs all in later years, and dances
32. Every night there was a good fight at one of the rooming houses
33. no
34. I went to school for 5 or 6 years
35. When I arrived transportation was by foot if you didn't own a horse you could either rent a horse and buggy or you would go to the livery stable where the owner would take you to where you wanted to go.
36. Dr. Taylor was my first doctor
37. During the influenza they had to build wooden walls about 3 to 4 feet high and a tent on top of this to serve as emergency hospitals, as the only hospital they had was filled to capacity, a lot of people died during this epidemic
38. Our 10 children were all born in Cobalt
39 & 40 Gertrude quit around 16 years old and stayed home to help my wife Ito was sick later on she went to work in Val D'Or. Aurel finished his grade 8 then went to work for a Mr. Stooke making cement blocks. Calixe (Eugene) went to the Mining School in Kirkland Lake, then he went to work in Hamilton for Westinghouse & then joined the navy. Romouald went to Sacred-Heart College in Sudbury for two years from there he worked in Kirkland Lake, then joined the army. Georgette quit school in grade 8 and got married Rene went to school as far as grade 8, he worked on the extra gang on the railroad. Ruth finished school at the age of 20, at 16 years old, while still attending school she was teaching piano, she worked at Woolworths and Buckovetsky's on weekends.
42. On Labour Day they had hand mucking and hand drilling contests.
43. Roast pork and dip bread in the drippings for me this was the best, also potatoes & vegetables.
44. Beans, trout, pickerel, potatoes & vegetables
45.Pants, two piece overalls, shirts, rubber boots with a leather sole when the company furnished it we didn't have safety toes in those days.
46. Dress suits, boots & spats, you needed a hook to button or hook your boots
47. first we went to mass we played croquet, we played cards, we'd buy a barrel
of apples for $2.50 and we'd play a sort of poker game for apples
49. I've been here so long now that I just enjoy smoking my pipe, eat, sleep
and quietness.
51. We have good lodging and I'm satisfied with Cobalt, it’s the best old town I know.
55. Cobalt is okay for me.
57. I love summer the most, as we can sit outside and just relax and watch the people pass by.
58. I play cards and games with my grandchildren
61. The price of silver is down and it's affecting our mines

There was a small ferry, that used to travel people across Cobalt Lake. I remember when they used to cross buckets of muck from Myers Shaft to Nipissing Mill across Cobalt Lake overhead on big steel cables.
Dr. Taylor never locked his door, when we needed him we just walked in, it was during the night we'd just go to his bedroom and shake his shoulder to
"wake him up, he had a man working for him to tend his horse, so he’d be
ready to leave at a moment’s notice and it wasn't long that he'd be at the house.
I started as a school janitor in 1933 and worked there for 30 years until my retirement.

Simone Bedard March 28,1972
1:15 to 4:00
1. Augustin Sabourin
4. 187 Lang St.
5. 679-5926
6. I was born in 1903 I'm 68 years old
7. Winnipeg Manitoba
8. Sturgeon Falls
10. I came to Cobalt in 1906
11. From Winnipeg to Cobalt by train
13. My parents 5 boys and 1 girl
14. I was a miner
16. Retired
17.Too young for first work too old for the school.
19. It was a busy place
20. My father came to work at his trade which was carpentry and being only 3 years old I had to come along
21. My father started to build shaft houses & The O'Brien mill
22. In those days they worked from sunrise to sunset
23. When I was 9 years old I was clearing land at $5. an acre.
24. My father built a home not long after we got here but I can't remember where.
25. We didn't have very much when we wanted a sled we had to build it.
26. We had a well so we just dropped it in the well and raised it up with a rope
27. We had oil lamps.
28. Wood stove
30. They were general stores, you bought your groceries and moccasins all at
the same place.
32. Winter we used to play hockey and in the summer Lacrosse and baseball
33. I went to school in North Cobalt.
34. I didn't go to school too long, my father died when I was 9 years old and I had to start work.
35. Only horse and buggy
36.Dr. Joyal and Dr. Chase
37. I don't remember too much.
38. My first child was born in French town near Comptois' store in 1925
39. They were around 15 or 16 yrs. old
40. Tony started working on diamond drilling, Johnny worked as a cook on the
railroad, Yvonne worked for the Red Cross teaching leather craft in the
hospitals in different parts of the country. Theresa worked at the
(Haileybury Hospital) now Temiskaming General.
41. When I started they were all dry drilling machines
42.Hand drilling and hand mucking
43. We just brought our lunches and we had mile hour for lunch
44. Supper was the main meal, we had lots of Salt pork, bean, homemade bread, potatoes and vegetables.
45. Corduroy pants, leather boots and we wore cowhide moccasins year round
46. We wore white shirts, my first suit was tailor made by Mr. Morrissette and it cost me $5.
47. In the summer we played ball, picked blueberries in the winter we'd slide with bobsleighs
48. no
49. It's a friendly town
51. Now we can go all over as we have cars.
53. Not so far, too much snow but that can't be helped
55. I'd like to see a big supermarket
57. Fishing season
58. We just stay home and play cribbage
61. The mining museum for one

Carmen Stubinski, May 29, 1972
3 hours
1. Omer Sabourin
2. Shorty
4. Ville Marie, Quebec
5. 679-2128
6. 61 years old
7. Born in a log shack on First St. in Cobalt
8. Dad and mother were both born in Hull Que. and came to Cobalt in 1906
9. They married in St. Hillarion Church Cobalt by Monseigneur La Tulip. My grandmother was a sister of Fred LaRose. Her name was Mrs. Donata Gauthier Grandfather and Fred were both black smiths. Fred worked laying the track for the TNO. Grandfather later was blacksmith for the O'Brien Mine. He was there 20 years with Paddy Sweeney as blacksmith. I remembered that. my dad Arthur Sabourin worked at the O'Brien all his life. First in the mill next in the assay office with Claude O’Shaughnessy. I used to take my dad and grandfathers lunch, Connie Vachon and I had to take them a hat lunch at noon hour every day. I was the oldest one in our family. There were 7 of us children 4 sisters and 3 of us boys.
I started in the soft drink business when I was 14 years old. I worked for the Cobalt Aerated water works. It was owned by J. hector Trudel. I worked for him 27 years. Started at $3. per week. He got the first coka cola franchise in 1927. I used to deliver any hour. If a customer was short sometimes 10 p.m. at night. We had cream soda, lemon Sour, jersey cream, Hires Root Beer, Cobalt Dry ginger ale. Horse and wagon in summer horse and sleigh in winter was our transportation. The first years the trucks came out Mr. Trudel of a truck with a chain drive. It had solid rubber tires. He bought his first truck from Oliver Blais. They were very good friends. In 1929 Trudel went into the ice cream business. He had a slogan at that time. "If its Trudel's its sure to be pure" We used to make ice cream 6% butter fat. His first business was on Argentite St Ice cream sold at $7 for a 5 gallon can. Pop was sold at $1.20 for 36 bottles Pop sold at 5 cents each then. That’s when a nickel was a nickel and 1 cent was 1 cent. The retailer made 33 1/3 percent. He started the ice cream business in 1929 Sold out to Epletts in 1933. In 1931 Mr. Trudel started another business in Kirkland Lake by this time he already had one in Swastika, South Porcupine, one in Elk Lake. He sent me up to Kirkland Lake in 1931 -1941 as manager.
1943 he took me in as a partner I stayed in Kirkland Lake the 10 years In 1941 I came back to Cobalt after the Kirkland Lake strike, things went flat in Kirkland Lake everyone was leaving town.
When I became Partner. I put in $4000. it was 1/5 ownership valued at $50,000
Trudel was very good to me, he had no children of his own. Later he wanted to retire and sell out. He gave me an offer. He wanted to open a plant in Ville Marie. I had to take Cobalt or Ville Marie. I took Ville Marie Plant. We dissolved partnership. He said $3000. and it’s yours. I paid him off at $1000. a year
the business grew. After I paid for 3 years I still owed him $1000, on the $1000. He said forget it. The business was mine in Voile Marie 1951 built up business till 1971. I sold out Sept.1971 at $68,000. I own 25 acres of land across from the Old Mission on the Quebec side. Have a summer cottage there. I've retired now and my home is in Ville Marie. In 1942 Mr. Trudel, business had moved sometime before that on Cobalt Street. He sold out to Victor Stevens later Victor sold out to Gordon Stevens then Gordon sold out to his son Roger. Roger sold out to a Cochrane firm, Fortier and there is no more pop factory in Cobalt. Mr. Trudel retired and moved to North Bay. He died in North Bay in 1966 Mrs. Trudel still lives in North Bay in an apartment. I worked very hard for Trudel. We were not as employee to employer we were very good friends till the last. Fred LaRose came to Cobalt from Hull, Quebec. He was blacksmith for the TNO railway under contract for Mr. McKinley, Darraugh and Timmins they had come from Mattawa. They were pushing the railroad. I remember once we were on a trip and visited, Larose’s after they retired and moved back to Hull. Mrs. LaRose was very stingy. I was 8 years old at the time. Fred liked to eat and drink
All she served for breakfast was porridge and 1 cob of corn. His dividend checks were $1100. per month. He wouldn't have had anything through his honest friends Mr. Darragh, Timmins and Mr. McKinley when the LaRose mine was in'
operation and production in 1914, the 3 honest men looked after his assets. Fred LaRose couldn’t read or write or even sign his name, He signed his name with an X. Later years when he moved St. Redemption Street Hull, Que. He bought a beautiful brick home. He had no daughters, just 2 sons, Donat and. Fred Jr. They spent money like water. In 1914 2 boys joined the army. In those days you could buy your son out of the army if you had money. Fred paid $300. to get his sons out of the army as soon as Fred would buy them out, they would rejoin again. He bought then out of the army 3 times. The Legend of Fred LaRose and the hammer was not true. It sound good. He was having a crap in the bush and he saw an animal run by. He threw a piece of wood and hit it. He went over to take a look and saw the silver shining. I married Lucy DeRepentigny of Cobalt May 10, 1931, in Cobalt in St. Theresa Church by Father Chapleau
My two boys and Francis were born in Kirkland Lake. I can remember skipping to the Old West Cobalt ball park, to see the ball games. It was professional baseball, Cobalt used to play Osler of Toronto and Hillcrest.
There was Al Miller and Decker was the catcher. Longpres was on first base. Bill Brisson was second pitcher. Shorty Flynn was short stop. Field was Red McAndrews, Jimmie Andrews was centre field. It was a double header first of July game. Cobalt beat Osler in the morning. In the (afternoon Hillcrest from Toronto and Cobalt. Cannon Ball was Hillcrest's pitcher. I remember the
Millionaire Hockey team in Haileybury. Cobalt's hockey team was the Silver T against Renfrew and Pembroke. The Cobalt Miners had a real
good team of juniors, naming Carl Hutt, Louis Hoy, Murray Watts, Roy was goalie Maxi Bennet,Ray Bennett, Warick Roberts, Harry Hasset, Fergie Ferguson(We had one too) Duncan Minio, Pete Giovenella, Joe Southall etc. They went into the Allan cup that year. Maxie and Roy Bennett turned professional for Montreal Maroons, visits me all the time in Ville Marie Carl Hutt used to too
and Murray Watts
36. Taylor used to start his car without changing the clutch. In winter
he first used horse and sleigh. He had a studebaker car. He'd step on the starter
and wouldn't take it out of gear. Taylor was a real family Doctor also a very friendly one.
48. I got a card that was on the Wright Mine in Ville Marie. Its in french and English. Its a signal board for the first mine in Canada. I had to have it a painted it was so faded out.
49. My heart is still in Cobalt All the people you meet on the streets are
familiar and so friendly. My idea is with this new industry coming up,
Why should we go to Japan, Mexico, Colorado for souvenirs, when they
can be made right here, out of our own silver and raw materials.
59. Business and antiques. Why send our raw materials to Denver to get finished
It should be sold right from Cobalt. We have more power plants in the
North than anywhere else. Lets make our own produces from here. I’m here in cobalt every week. I gave a piece of granite to the museum from Ville Marie. It’s red granite. That is an industry that could be brought up for Cobalt. There’s lots of granite in the area.

Simone Bedard
March30, 1972
1:20 – 3:10
1. Azilda St. Laurent
3. Azilda Perrier
4. 95 Lang St.
5. 679-5590
6. I'll be 82 in November
7. St. Benoit Comte des Deux Montagnes Quebec
8. my parents were born in LaChute _Quebec
9. my family was from LaChute Quebec
10. I had my uncle and aunt here and I came to live with them around 1911-12
11. I came by train
12. We had moved to Combermere from St. Benoit when I was 9 years old. I left Combermere by train to come to Cobalt.
18. When I arrived there were lots of people and there were stores of all sorts all along Lang St.
20. I came here to work, I got a job at Chemandy's Dry Goods Store
21. There was lots of work in stores for ladies and for men in the men's wear. The mines were also a place of employment
22. In those days we worked from 9 am to 9 pm on seek days on Saturday from 9 am to 10 or 10:30 pm
23. I was getting $12. a week but in those days that was considered good wages
24. My first home in Cobalt was a room one storey house on Watson St. this was my uncle's house Mr. Hamelin and I was living with them.
26. We had water and washroom facilities
27. We had electric lights
28. Wood stove
29. Heating was by coal furnace
30. There were all kinds, Milton Carr & Son C.H. Moore Drug Store, The George Taylor Hardware, Galt Hardware, P.D.Devlin & Leo Druggist on Silver St., Crown Bakery on Cobalt St. Henry & Deming Jewelers & Opticians, Adam Davis Coal Dealer, Jamieson Meat Co., M. McKinnon Lumber, Nipissing Stores
Ltd., O'Gorman & Gagne Men's Wear, Mrs. S.A.Campbell Millinery, Mrs. A. . MacDougall Millinery Ready Made Clothing for Ladies, Charles Reckin
at Sons Wholesale & Retail, P.J.Hassett Lumber
31. There were 5 or 6 theaters, the Bijou you could see a good show for 10 cents
35. Streetcars to go to Haileybury or New Liskeard and horse and buggy.
36. Dr. W.O.Taylor
37. I was never a patient myself, but I had some of my children there for operations and I think the service was okay.
38. my first child was born in Cobalt
39.Lucien went to school until he was 19 years old, then he was called for the army. Frank quit school at around 16 yrs. old and went to work in Noranda at the Arrowhead Mine. Alice finished her grade 8 and stayed home with me. Hubert (Bert) went as far as grade 8 and joined the army. Cecile went to grade 10, then worked at Woolworth's. Robert also went to grade 10, and then took an apprenticeship in plumbing. . Our best clothes in those days.
We'd play cards with the neighbours.
49. We've been here so long, that when I go away on a visit I'm glad to return
to Cobalt.
55. I would like to see a factory, that would give work to lots of people.
57. I enjoy the winter months, as we have euchre games every Sunday night at
Ste. Therese School
59. I crochet, knit and do some sewing.
In those days we got a good pair lace or buttoned high boots for $2.25, cashmere stockings 25 cents a pair. Where the Red & White Supermarket stands today, was a nice store by the name of McDiarmid & Sullivan Ladies Wear.

Joanna Stubinski April 19,1972
7 hours
1. Mrs. Robert St.Laurent
2. Nadeau
3. 6 Grandview
4. 679-5535
5. Supply teacher
6. Cobalt
7. Dad Espanola not too sure where mother was born
8. married to Robert St.Laurent
9. 35
10. Elementary level - is very good. I don't approve of grade 13 being moved. We should try and keep our children in town as long as we can. Teachers are terrific. I don't care for the bussing of kids. Very depressing - we need some sort of industry - let's home for mining as it is in Cobalt's original asset. No incentive for young people. No job opportunities on training facilities wages depends on the job you’re on. Miners wages are lower. Can't complain with teachers salaries though. Have no sidewalks or no paved road on Commission St. In the summer the rain washed away the road. If it was paved it wouldn't happen. Snow removal, garbage, sewage and water. No complaints what so ever. There are a few private enterprises as for the laundromat the place is filthy. You almost hate to take your washing there to do. There should be someone there from 9 - 4 p.m. every day. The Classic Theatre another dirty place. Why is it not cleaned up. We do need another Recreational Dir. the committee can't carry on they need a leader. As for the facilities and number of things offered quite adequate. They should have a drop in centre for the youth and we need an old age club.
11. With the restoration plan should it be carried through it will be a good thing. Park is nice. Should fix buildings on Lang St. and around town. Make things nicer. I think the Miner's Festival is fine but a bit too long. 4 days would be enough
12. Thinks the park is nice for elderly people to sit in. Museum is one of the finest. Also Paul Hermiston's. If it hadn't of been for Hermiston the Museum today would not be the way it is. There are too many men in there now taking all the credit and the man who deserves it is Paul Hermiston. Pottery shop is lovely and the new library an asset to the town.
13. Corner - old public school should be improved. Continue with work on the Lake - Lions Club Park. Arena could be renovated and kept cleaner. Street signs and hurry up the housing developments for Senior Citizens.

14. Federal or provincial grants. Raise funds locally, the individual himself
should take pride in his town and property. Each family look after their property and their children. We need a better shopping area and a shopping mall.
15. When I first started to work. I taught school and was paid 12,400. a year, but the wages have tripled now for the person just starting out.
16. We lived at the other end of town in a 2 storey wood frame house. Always bad facilities.
17. The shopping area was better Woolworth's TBS, Buck's hardware stores, drug store, furniture store and clothing. By the looks of things we have gone backwards instead of making progress.
18. badminton, ball, skating, basketball all sports taken at school and broomball
19. I went to St. Theresa's then Cobalt High till grade 13 then to Teacher's College in North Bay
20. my 3 children all born in Haileybury Hospital still in school.
Jackie taught at St. Patrick's school for quite a few years and now is doing supply work. A fine woman who believes in speaking her mind. Has a beautiful home and really believes in keeping up her yard. With flower gardens and a clean yard. She wishes more would do the same.

Simone Bedard May 10,1972
2 hours
1. Gerard Sauve (Gerry)
3. 165 Lang St.
4. 679-8105
5, Core maker at Cobalt Foundry
6. I was born at Warren Ont.
7. MY dad was born at Plantagenet, Ont. My mother was born at Nicolet, Quebec
8. Married
9. I'm 56 years old
10. We came to Haileybury in 1931 and we were 10 boys and 5 girls
I was married in 1938 to the former Helene Larabie of Cobalt and made my residence here.
When I came to Cobalt it was during the depression and I was working as a bartender at the Miners Home Hotel for $14. a week. T.T.L. In The Summer Of 1941 Years ago the T.T.L. was KRUM located next to the Cobalt Foundry and in the Summer of 1941 it burned down and I helped fight this fire and this is when I became interested in joining the Cobalt Fire Department.
I joined the Cobalt Fire Department on Dec. 15,1941. Andy Cote was fire chief and also police chief for the town.
The first fire that I went to was in French Town at Mrs. Lagasse on Third St. it was a chimney fire, the next one at Owen Robinson's Garage, a Mrs. Lachance from Goward ran into the gas pumps the call came around 1 P.M. and I returned home around
11 P.M. that night Mr. Robinson's apartment upstairs was water & smoke damaged as the fire was confined mostly in between the walls.
When I joined we had a Chevrolet truck and the first Winter that I joined
we Had a couple of practice runs with horses owned by the late Frank Larabie, my father¬ in—law or the late Joe Nadeau, we had loaded the wagon with the necessary equipment and
taken a few trial runs in case the truck would n ot be able to get out to a fire because of

road conditions during the Winter storms. The horses were kept on stand—by at the fire hall until the were opened for the truck.
Chief Andy Cote had the position of chief for about 4 years, after him it was the late Phil McRae he held this position until his death and he lived at the fire hall which was situated on Prospect Ave. where the Dominion used to be. Hubert Audette was nexst to hold this position and was chief until approximately 1955. The late Bill Burton was chief until his transfer to Kirkland Lake by the Ontario Hydro. Harry Cooper was next and served until 1965, Alec Nadeau followed and had to resign due to i11 health. Maurice Belanger was fire chief during Centennial Year, then our present chief took over in 1968.
Ste. Theresa School is situated to—day on Lang St. a whole block burned down, there were 14 homes, besides a Parish Hall, a garage and Mrs. Joe Cote had a confectionary and also a boarding house this fire was on Aug. 4,1947 and all the fire— men had been asked by the Kiwanis Club to help with traffic and parking of cars at Bass lake. When we got the call and got rides back to town the firemen did not own cars then the fire was beyond control at this stage. The fire started in the the garage while they were welding and there was an explosion, fortunately there was no loss of life. Mr. Belair the welder who had re entered the building to get some valuable papers
had to break the big window to get out as the fire was too hot and he got cuts on his arms nothing serious and this was the only injury.
Another big fire we had was on Prospect Ave. when Gerry Pressey’s barber shop Mrs. Lagasse's Restaurant and boarding house and Alec Dworski's Lunch bar burned this fire was in March 1947 or 48 in this fire there was one loss of life. We fought from around 9 A.M. until around 6 P.M. that night.
The Miners Home Hotel and a confectionary owned and operated by Mrs. Sara Lajoie burned in March 1947, this fire started at 1 A.M. in one of the bathrooms at the hotel, when we there the flames were shooting through the roof and it was 45 below zero. 1 got home around 8:30 in the morning.
Mr. Patriquin on Nipissing Property lost his life in the Fall of 1947, he was living alone and a passerby put in the alarm. When we got there the whole inside was in flame, we tried to get the door open but it was locked from inside, so we took the door hinges and I crawled on my hands and knees and found him about 6 feet from the rear, he had collapsed and by that time he was dead.
Mr. Gauvreau and Mrs. Despres lost their homes on Galbraith St. in the Spring of 45 or 46, these were two big families.
Since 1952 we have better fire fighting equipment things have been
getting better, we now have the Tri Town Mutual Aid, which is a very good thing, the difference is that before, we had lots of help of bystanders who had no
experience but were very willing. while now if the need occurs we have help from the brigades.
The Township of Coleman has a well equipped pumper truck and it is kept at the cobalt Firehall.
When I joined the fire department we were 12 firemen and a fire chief now we're 20 firemen, 3 fire trucks and a fire chief.
I’m a life member of the T.F.C.F.A. which is Temiskaming Fire Chief
Firefighter Association. I have my 20 & 25 year pins as an active fireman, I have been awarded The Fire Services Long Service Medal in accordance with the Fire Marshalls Act this medal is for thirty years service.

Carmen Stubinski March 6,1972
1 hour
1. Kent Saxton
2. 99 Galena St. Cobalt.
5. 679-5763
6. 27
7. Toronto
8. Mother Pembroke, Dad Haileybury
9. Mother Dad married in New Liskeard
10. 1945
11. Car
12. From Haileybury
13. three
14. not married
15. miner
17. mining technician
18. Dad was in the RCAF when he was discharged we moved from Haileybury to Cobalt
19. Not much differences, more going on then
20. Too young
21. All I can remember is mining.
22. Quite a few mines opened up
23. $1.70 per hour
24. We still live in it. Its comfortable
25. I call remember the scrawny turkey the men got from the mine for Christmas with their head and legs on
26. in house
27. Hydro
28. Electric stove
29. Coal and wood stove
30. TBS, Bucks, Tom Blacks, Dworski's. Can remember it burning.
31. went to the show every Saturday hockey at the rink.
32. Mostly just hockey, some baseball
33. Old Public School, corner of Cobalt Street and Grandview Ave. There was a high fire escape at the back and a large bell. The basement was a dungeon. The bigger kids used to put us under the steps and lick us smaller ones at recess time. We stay there till the bell rang again.
34. 15 years.
35. trains, cars
36. Dunning and Dugan
37. None here
38. not married
41. Same as they are now.
43. Suppertime
44. lunch pail
45. Rubber boots in winter and believe me they were cold
46. Best clothes
47. Sunday school, on our own the rest of the day
48. Grandpa's Gold watch
49. know everyone
50. Its home
51. Built new houses. Artificial ice. Done away with dilapidated buildings, new parks.
52. not many stores, fewer mines
55. yes
56. Would like to see this restoration program, go ahead, more tourism, new
57. water line , more building lots.
58. summer boating, winter skidooing, hunting, fishing.
59. sports.
60. There definitely has to be a raise in the price of silver. It costs more to develop it as long as it is silver mining for an answer. We have to have a better price. No one is going to invest money if they can't see a return.
61. To be frank unless you were born and raised here. No young person is coming here to stay. There is just no work.
62. Historical background. Exciting past, good fishing, in summer, different minerals in mine rock dumps for rock hounds. Natural easy going society. Hospitality lots of camping area, scenery and good beaches.

Can't comment on Kent only that he is working at Sherman Nines and living in the Saxton homestead. His dad is an electrician and works away from home. Sold the Daily Nugget as a youngster.

Carmen Stubinski March 11, 1972
Interview 2 3/4 hrs.
1. Alfred Seed
2. Alf
4. 69 Nickel St. Cobalt
5. 679-8324
6. 77 yrs old 1894
7. Bradford, England,
8. England
9. Feb. 3, 1912
10. Empress of Ireland, across ocean to St. Johns, New brunswick by train to Cobalt
11. My dad Arthur Seed came to Cobalt 1911 ahead of the family. My 3 sisters and mother came next. We three 12. boys came later.
13.My dad Arthur See came to Cobalt 1911 ahead of the family. My 3 sisters and mother came next. We three boys came later.
14. Farmer
15. Housewife married 1929
16. retired
17. retired
18. I joined the Canadian Army in 1916 got my discharge March 1919. In the oldest member of Branch no 44, Cobalt. The Cobalt Branch Legion 44 was organized in 1917. I was a private. Fought in France, Germany. I was Based on the Canal Du Nord in France. We were preparing an advancement on the Hindenburg line.
I was 23 when I enlisted in the army. I was in the 26 Canadian General Hospital in France I was a patient when the hospital was bombed several nurses and Doctors were killed in that bombing, I escaped.
18. In 1919 we came home I was glad to get back. Cobalt was busy then. Lots of mines were operating. Thats when they put the silver bars on the express cars to ship out. At that time there were lots of people. We had all nationalities here from all over the world.
19. There used to be a creek, that ran from Galena Street, behind the pelt office as of now. It emptied into the slimes on Swamp st. There used to be a bridge in front of where Purdy's Store is today over the creek. There was a Prospect Hotel when Charlie Ferris it today a large 4 story building. Dick the Nigger was a shoe shine boy there in the lobby.
20. When my dad decided to come here. He had been paying very high rent for a farm in England, Farms were scarce and expensive. He saw a canadian advertisement in an English paper. The paper was advertising Canada. It read land for sale 500 per acre. He applied for land and got it. He settled in Bucke Township. He got 160 acres. William my brother got 160. Its at sharp lake yet. Jonas my elder brother got 80 acres and he got 80 for me. We signed the papers in England for me. Later my brother Joans and I bought land form the Atkinson brothers. one was the former Magistrate Atkins. Lumbering, clearing land, cutting pulp, farming. I used to bring wood into Cobalt and sell it by the cord. It was the 16" wood. I'd bring in and sell it depending on the
grading at $1.50 to $2.25 per cord. We used to sell a lot of 4 foot wood. once I was in Cobalt I'd wouldn't go to the door. I'd look in the wood shed and it wood was needed. I'd put the wood in. I remember upper Helen street. They were mostly all Finlanders that lived on that street. I always sold 2 cords at the time.
We used to work for the government on the roads opening them with horses and wagons.
The year would get $125 per day. The man would get $1.00 per day. Breaking those new roads was for the government we worked from 7 to 5 that 10 cents per hour and we worked all by hand in those days.
24. We got a log shack. Some prospectors had deserted it. It was made out of poplar logs. It was a good big one 5 bedrooms living room and kitchen was one room.-Later used to sit by the box stove, freeze our backs and burn our faces.
25. I remember the first christmas well. We had just finished eating our xmas dinner and this fellow came along asking for a drink of water. We had moved from the table and we were all sitting around the box stove talking. Dad got up went to the table to get his bottle of rum. The man had drank all the rum
26. we had coal oil lamps and a outdoor toilet
28. It was a wood stove
29. Box wood stove. We had all kinds of wood to burn
30. All individual stores. Pete McKewen had a grocery store
31. theatres, square dancing. We had a long way to walk to the shows 6 miles each way to town and back. We made our own fun. They used to say every other house on Lang Street was either a whore house or Blind pig.
I remember Mary Aussie. She always try to sell us something she didn't have. One day she tried to sell me some kitchen cupboards another day some fancy lumber to build a cupboard. If you gave her the money in advance that was it. She never could supply what she was trying sell. Cobalt Casey his last name was Shaw. If the kids called him Casey he’d curse and swear at them. He wanted to be called Mr. Shaw. He'd step dance and play the mouth organ for 10 cents
32. Cricket and football in england
35. Dogs and sleigh.I got off the no 10 train in Cobalt when I first came here. The train was always loaded in those days. It was a sight to see, those people down at the station.
36. Dr. Taylor
37, Miners Hospital
38. At home on the farm. We had 5 children. The last one had schooling. The others took correspondence courses sponsored by the department of education
42. Single handed and double handed drilling contests
43. We lived good on the farm. We had our own meat, eggs, chickens, vegetables. We got it ground at the New Liskeard Griss Mill. (wheat) We had grade 1 flour grade 2 flour Bran we used to cook with or make into shorts for the animals. Out of the wheat we got 5 to 10 bags of flour. My wife always made her own bread. She made everything.

45. I wore overalls all the time and machine shirts. It was all I had to wear. We didn't have much money to spend
49. Life and Friendliness.
The streets are better, Better quality houses that shows the feeling of the people
55. yes
56. Would like to see more jobs made for the people. Would like to see silver go up. Gold is going up why shouldn't the silver. Would like to see the mines open up again. More prospecting done by the mines in this area.
57. All year round seeing I'm retired and doing nothing
58. Social companionship with other old timers and legionnaires at the Legion Hall.
59. Going to the Legion. Having a beer with the boys around the round table.
60. There has been too much striking by the unions. No wonder there's no work. If the mines would open up we could use our own raw material at home.
61. Tourist’s
62. Glory holes. Its own natural resources where the silver came from. Nine tours, sight seeing in the immediate area. Since I’ve been in the army. I’ve been President, Past President and made life member of the
Cobalt Legion Branch 44.
Alf Seed is a colourful figure at the legion he’s there daily. A little and mostly under the from his visits at the legion.
Never misses and Armistice day parade.

Carmen Stubinski April 11,1972
1. Margaret Seed Mrs. Alfred
2. Margaret Weers
4. 69 Nickel St.Cobalt
5. 679-8111
6. 67 years old 1903
7. Antwerp Belgium
8. Mother Holland Father Belgium
In 1914 when the war broke out we fled from Antwerp to Holland. That was when the German's were invading Antwerp. We never saw our father again. He had some
to work and was delivering bread and that was it. Antwerp was half bombed out when we left. We had just crossed 1 long bridge when the Germans blew the bridge up behind us. We stayed in Holland till Jan.5,1915. Our aunt was living in Owen Sound,Ont. So my mother shipped my sister and I to Canada to live with my aunt. We were about 22 days on the road walking from Antwerp to Holland. I was 11 and my sister was 13 years old when we were bombed out of our home. We travelled on a White Star Liner called Potsdam when we landed
in New York we had to stay there till our aunt sent us money. We couldn't talk one word of English. We got lost for one day. The conductor had put on the wrong train. We were scared and were so glad to see our aunt.
13. I came to Cobalt alone. I was 24 years old. The only one I knew by mail was Alfred. I met him through correspondence.
18. I landed in Cobalt on May 5,1928. I thought it was a little mud hole never saw so much mud in all my life. The mud and water was so deep. Alfred met me at the station with a horse and wagon. The water ran over the top of the wagon on the way out to First Brooke.
19. It was a busy town I was lucky to get to town once or twice a year. Once the children's allowance started, I came to town once a month in the hummer and horse and wagon in the winter with horse and sleigh. The family allowance act certainly was an outlet and break for me and the children as money was very scarce on the farm. 24. Frame 2 storey house in First Brook that the Aikinson brothers had built
25. The same as now we had no children
26. Had a pump artisan well the water was so cold. We used the river water to wash with of course by hand. We always hung our butter down the well in a pail with a rope. It was always so cold in the well.
27. Coal oil lamps, lanterns. Later we built a delco of our own
28. Wood cook stove
29. Wood box stove. We had lots of wood for both stoves right at our door.
30. Bucks, later TBS
31. We used to have suare dances in S. crowds from Cobalt and Haileybury
There was the odd car mostly horse & buggy-Horse and sleigh
Dr. Case
We had a hospital in Cobalt
They were all born at home 3 of them I had no Doctor, but the last 2 I had a Doctor
One of the children went to school. The other 4 took correspondence courses offered by the Ontario Dept of Education. I worked hard on the farm. We grew our own wheat, vegetables, raised cows, pigs chickens tried to raise turkeys but gave up they were too hard to raise. Alfred would take our vegetables meat and butter to the market to sell every Saturday. I'd make 40 to 50 lbs of butter per week. We got 200 per lb. for butter then. We ate well in the depression and fed a few along with our own. One winter
I had a woman and 2 boys. One fellow was a bridge builder and his wife and 3 children He was paid $2.00 per month by the Government, got his to tobacco, underwear and clothes supplied for the '2.00 per month. I had a
Norman Smith work for us so that was 8 extra for that winter.
45. I wore mens overalls and shirts all the time. I had nothing else to wear They were not our Sunday clothes too.
46. We never went to church we listened to the radio.
47. We were burnt out in 1960 I did have a couple of pictures but they burnt
48. Its been home since 1928. I was married here. Its a town where everyone speaks to you. You can make friends easier than in the city.
51. Streets improved, old buildings torn down. Stadleman building demolished. Improved lots of homes. They are not the shacks they used to be.
53. Don't like the union doing what they did and are doing. Taking the hockey games from millions of people. Silver Miller Mine had over 300 people working there they went on strike. After the strike they had 60 men working there, later they closed.
55. yes
56. If we had a few more stores and more competition. We’d have better shopping in the town. Would like to see more
jobs made, 2 or 3 light industries to use empty buildings (when schools are vacant) to make more jobs.
57. summer
58. Lodges, Rebecca’s Ladies auxiliary, Canadian Legion, Ladies auxiliary, Anglican Church, Women’s Institute,
CP&T Sec. Treasurer Rebecca’s
59. knitting
60. just make more jobs
61. Ordinary average class of people
62. Good sightseeing spots. 2 museums, Bass Lake, Sharp Lake ark

Mrs. Seed is a very down to earth hard working woman. Sice she moved to town 4 years ago. She joined the different organizations. She was a very active part in the CP&T looking after wheel chairs etc. Shall I say she is always on the job and a hardworker.

Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 23
Length: 1 1/4 hrs

1. Mrs. Irene Shawera
2. Linda
3. Irene Linda Benson
4. 32 Baker St.
6. 23 yrs. old
7. Kapuskasing, Ont.
8. Mother Chapleau
9. Kapuskasing
10. 1971
11. Car
12. Hwy. 11, from Toronto
13. 3
14. School teacher
15. clerk
16. miner
17. homemaker
18. Small town, very friendly people
19. Came in the summer and really liked it
20. because my husband came
24. 5 room bungalow
25. quiet, stayed at home
26. in house
27. Hydro 23. electric
29. Gas
30. All the ones here now
31. shows, Binge's
32. Tobogganing
34.10 yrs.
35. buses, trains, cars
36. Dr. Belland
37. Good
38. Kapuskasing, Ont
40.. Too young
45. slacks
46. cress.
47. usually at the arena at hockey games
48. My mother's watch
49. mostly everything about it
50. You don't have to worry about your children playing outside
55. no
57. summer
58. Knitting
60. A light industry, that might give permanent work to men, teenagers and women of this town. If the price of silver would go up the mines would open and existing mines would rehire the employees they laid off. Canadians are afraid to invest their own money in Canada. We need a large American Co, to do explorations around Cobalt. No one had done any explorations under the dye base.
61. People retiring from a large city because of the cost of living in the city, hustle and Bustle and pollution problems of the city,
62. Mining museum, Historic sites, mining tours, Hunting and fishing, Bass Lake, Portage Bay, New Sharp Lake park, plenty of fresh lakes for swimming.

Irene is a young married woman, expecting a new baby anytime. They just moved here in June. So there isn't too much to say. But she just loves it here.

Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 29

Length of Interview: 1 hr.
1. Anne Shoup
3. Anne Aitkin
4. Cobalt St.
5. No phone
6. 27
Shelbourse, Ontario
8. Father Scotland, Mother Canada she died when I was 7 yrs. old
9. Shelbourne, Ontario
10. 1962 left Cobalt returned in 68 to stay
11. Car 12 no. 11 Highway,
12. welding
15. nil
16. welder
17. Homemaker
18. The looks of the town was terrible, but as far as the people go they are Al
19. Busier than it is now
20. Game to Cobalt on a holiday, and ended up staying
21. There was quite a bit of work in 1968 there was lots of work but not in 1962
24. 3 room house in Gillis Limit 1962 Paid $5. per month rent
25. With in laws at Gillis
26. Carried from neighbours next door 50 feet
27. Hydro
28. wood stove
29. heated building with coal stove
30. Same as there is now. There was T.B.S. here and Laura's shop
31. hotels
32. none
34. 12 yrs.
35. buses, cars, trains
36. Dr. Belland
37. Good
38. Toronto
39. still at school
46. slacks
47.Nothing than what I usually do during the week
48. I have a watch and ring that was my mothers
49. It’s home
50. Friendly people
51. Since Mr. Mathews has become mayor there has been lots of old shacks torn down New Parks, miners Festival
52. feel bad about the unemployment situation
54. Don't like the rents and the cost of living in Cobalt
55. see more work
56. Would like to see some industry with no pollution. Good steady pay roll for men and women
57. summer
58. watch tv
59. sewing, jig saw puzzles, knitting
60 They are giving to have to bring in something, because there is nothing. If the price of silver went up. The mines would be open and the smelters too. An awful lot of people made their money out of Cobalt. They didn't but should put some of the money back in Cobalt
61. Quite a bit, miners Festival, Recreation our parts pur lakes are just beautiful and the friendly people
62. someone who has money
Mrs. Shoup--.seems very intelligent and is living on Welfare separated from her husband--has enrolled in a R.N.A. course for next September-to be able to support her children and be independent.

1.Bruno Guiseppe Simoni
2. Spaghetti- --
3. Geraldine MacDonald wife
4. 136 Lang St.
5. 679-8465
6. 35 years old
7. Soligo Province of Treviso Italy
8. Soligo Province of Treviso Italy
9. Italy
10. February 28, 1957
11. By boat to New York on the liner "Constitution"
12.New York to Toronto from Toronto to North Bay
13. Came alone because my sister and her husband were already here and
for me saying I would find a job here - there was no back home and my mother was a widow raising a family of five
14. Two weeks after I arrived I began working at Agnico Mines
15. was employed in Dalton Dean's office in Haileybury as a secretary
16. I am a Bricklayer by trade and I work for Link Lake Construction
17. Housewife18.
18. It a desolate looking town some of the mines were closing and
Elliott Lake was just starting quite a few families moved to Elliott lake at the time of the boom. I was promised a good job with bonus pay, so I went to Denison Mine for two years
19. It was a quiet town with about 2700 people, some of the mines were operating and I had no difficulty getting work.
20. I came to Cobalt expecting to find a job and was employed 2 weeks after I got here.
21. The principal industry was mining we had the Cobalt Foundry, Northern Metal Co., and TTL (Temiskaming 22. Testing Laboratory)
23. 8 hours a day and 44 hour week
24. About $1.30 per hour
25. Was married in 1962 and I rented a small apartment on Lang Street
In 1967 I bought a house on Lang Street from Mrs. Rochon who moved to Timmins. It was a roomy house with 6 rooms. I completely remodelled it beginning with a new foundation and new chimney panelled all the walls stuccoed the outside - it had 2 large bedrooms a living room, dining room kitchen and bathroom
26. Always had not and cold water system
27. Electricity with all the conveniences, TV, automatic washer, fridge, stove, toaster, iron, kettle, mixmaster and radio.
28. Use electric stove for heating
29. Oil furnace. I am now renting a 5 room double house since 1971 for $145 a month.I feel there should be an investigation into the price of renting in the area, especially Cobalt.
30. There were still quite a few stors when I arrived, Buck’s, TBS, Smith’s Men’s Wear, Chinese Laundry, Peters, Tackle & Gift Shop. Ascillino had a rooming house with store downstairs sold clothing shoes assortment of jewelry and china. Rowdon’s Hardware, Blacks Hardware, 3 restaurants, Damiany Grocery, Quality Grocery, Despres Grocery, Empire Meat Market, and of course every Friday was market day where you could buy fresh meat and produce and dairy products.
31. Theatre, Finn Hall where we held many Italian Dances. Some of the best times I’ve had were there., Community Hall, Legion and our two hotels, Fraser House and Miner’s Home.
32. Soccer both in Italy and here, there was a tri-own soccer team started name of Cohalis the first two letters of Cobalt, Haileybury and the first three of New Liskeard.
33. In Italy
34. Grade 8, took a separate course for a few months in English
35. Bus, train, cars, air travel from Earlton or North Bay
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Misericordia Hospital in Haileybury there was no Hospital in Cobalt
38. In Haileybury, all three
39. Still school age and the youngest is 6 months
40. Not working
41. I found working conditions quite good this was the first mine I ever worked in.
42. Drill contests, mucking contests and I got a first prize in drilling and second prize in mucking in the 1966 trials.
43. Lunch pail - sandwiches and coffee
44. Main meal was always suppertime
45. I can remember always wearing sports clothes except when working on plastering.
46. On Sundays dressed in good suit to go to Church then usually change to sports top
47. Watch TV in winter I ski in summer we go to the lake or I like driving around
48. have a set of tools that I brought from Italy which I treasure
49.The new buildings downtown. new subdivisions have done a good job of renovating old buildings, 2 nice parks and everyone seems to be renovating their homes and lots.
50.makes the town look better
51. the downtown area looks better with all the new buildings that have gone up, motel unit, new Red & White, new Library, new Deluxe Grill
52.I don't like the looks of the two muck cars downtown painted silver and rust - they should have been left in their natural form & colour
53.Yes there are several things I don't like about Cohalt
54. Don't like educational system of bussing the children out of town to school when we have schools right here. Don't think the rents should be as high as they are. I am paying $145. monthly for only 5 rooms and I have heard of other instances about high rental they are much too high for the labour and should be investigated.
55. Yes I would like to see some changes
56, We should entice new business places in town and give local labor the
opportunity of a job there are no public bids on jobs - these should all be up for public tender to give everyone a fair chance. I know I have asked about some jobs when I heard they were starting and in
town here you have to be a relative to get one. I am thinking of
starting my own business and I have not had any encouragement or help
in any way. I could perhaps contract and hire a few people.
57. I enjoy summer the best because you can go out and enjoy the nice weather
58. Like to follow sports on TV ski in winter, swim and go to the lake in summer and driving around.
59. I like carpentry work and I like bricklaying
60. Secondary industry locate new foundries or factories perhaps technical school for the young to learn their trades
61. We should definitely encourage tourist trade as this is a good area for this
62. We have an excellent museum mining tours, historical spots, lakes for fishing, beaches for swimming good spots for hunting and all easily accessible.

I went back to Italy to live in 1969 w sold my home furnishings car and all-left but I only stayed over for about 8 months. There were no opportunities for me there. I came back to Cobalt in 1970 and like it here. I would like
I would like to start my own business and stay here so I am hoping for some encouraging help from municipal heads in the way of some contracts and I will start my business at once, I hope to realize this sometime soon before I have to go elsewhere

Carmen Stubinski Feb. 16, 1972
1 ¾ hrs

1. Mrs. Theresa Slaght (Elliott)
3. Sabourin
4. 28 Silver St. Cobalt
5. 679-5917
6. 47
7. Cobalt, Ontario
8. Mother Ironside, Que., Father Hull, Quebec
9. Married in Cobalt 1908
10. Oct. 16, 1925
13. 8
14. Storekeeper
15. Worked at the Haileybury Hotel all my life
16. Liquor Store Manager
17. Homemaker
18. too young
21. baby
22. Seven days a week, no days off, 12 to 15 hours a day sometime
23. $20.00 per month, $9.46 every 2 wks, overtime 25cents per hr.
24.Frame wooden building
25. Worked, because my Mother had a stroke
26. in the house, cold water only.
27. electricity
28. wood stove
29. quebec heater
30. Buckovetskys, Cora had a candy shop, sold pure silk stockings, Vellis ladies wear, Woolworths
31. Go to dances at community hall
33. yes
34. nine years

35. Street cars
36. Dr. Taylor
37. Yes, The Miners hospital. It had long stairs going in with bannisters around them and there were beds all over that you could see
38. Haileybury Hospital
39. Still going to school,
40. to young
41. I remember bringing my dad's lunch to the assay office at the O'Brien Mine 104, on my lunch hour. We walked there on our noon hour
44. Same as we eat now
45. Nothing we were so tired from working
46. Navy blue jumpers and white blouses
47. Really dressed up groovie grinder dresses
48. .Went picnicking to Bass Lake on Trudels Coca Cola truck. We would
make our ice cream at home and take it to the picnic in the freezer
49.. Little sterling silver spoons. My mother in law gave me were
over 125 years old
50. Its a little town
51. A good place to raise children. No pollution, good friendly
52. Parks, new steps and Grandview and Prospect, Community Hall
up dated
53. Have 3 banks, now we are down to one. Long distance and Northern
Telephone moved to New Liskeard. The Railway centralized the
operations in New Liskeard. Pop factory moved
54. No
56.Would like to see an industry come in
57. Broom, hockey stick manufacturers - anything to make more

58. summer time
59. Watch the kids play hockey
60. Make waste paper baskets out of old crocks pasting old stamps on them, upholstering, pottery, sew, knit
61. The world marketing has dropped which caused the mines to close. We have to get secondary industry in the area.
62. Particulary all kinds of pe6ple'mould be interested as we have all denominations of friendship to offer
63. Boating, hunting and fishing, Lots of lakes, good recreation.
Mrs. Slaght is a quite person, doing many crafts, when she
is not busy looking after her family. A good mother and homemaker.

Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: March 8, 1972
Time 3 hrs.
1. Mrs. Charlie Smith
2. Orpha
3. Church
4. 7 Helen St
5. 679-8200
6. 81
8. Father in Calabogie, Mom in Arnprior
9. Ottawa Valley
10. trains were packed with foreigners , Orpha, her sister and sister-in-law came together
these with fur caps sat across from them, The men decided to eat so started un¬packing the lunch sack. opened a can of meat with jack knife sister started to giggle and then they all started to giggle and then the men got mad. Then they took out a long roll of bread snapped it in half, over knee the broke it off with their hands,
were really glad their husbands met them in the Bay, because they were afraid of the men when they got to Cobalt they could hardly get off the train for the men and people. Her husband had bought a store keeper out and had had all the food delivered for she arrived to her little black shack on Earl St.
C.P.R. and T.N.N.O.
Lots of relatives here and husband, no children yet
14. Miner
15. Housewife
16. dead
17. Housekeeper, her son Eric lives with her.
18. Liked cobalt, because it was busy, but really suffered with the cold.
19. Busy roads had to buy their water by pail when water was delivered the water man would nick the door frame, with the nicks reached to bottom they would have to pay. had to save dish water to scrub the floor. Also gathered snow to melt for water. Her and her husband found a little spring on Earl St. They sat beside it so other people wouldntt notice. So he sent Orpha home for a pail and dipper, so they go one fresh pail of water i to drink. The next morning her husband went to get some more water and found an old Finlander there in no time at all everyone knew about the spring and it dried up. There were quite a few springs running aut of rock cuts
20. Came because husband was here
21. mining, store clerks
22. 8 hrs. per day
23.75 per day
24. Little shack, one room, bed at one end, stove at other, Went out a lot so didn't stay home too long.
25. Went to Christmas programs had a lovely tree. lots of food and drinks which men enjoyed
26. Drew the water, filled up the barrels. Then a few yrs, later the town put up a pipe about a block from their home. then they had to aarry it. They had to pay the town for putting up the pipe.
27. Coal and oil lamps and carbine lamps. Bought all oil at Rowden's he did a very good business in coal oil
28. Wood stove
29. Wood or coal found it very cold
30. Beautiful shops, down to the end of Lang St. Mrs. McDougall had a ladies shop, down in Tressider’s parking lot
31. 5 theatres, vaudeville shows, ropes across theatres and people would ride bicycles, across them country doctors, in tents selling snake oil, preached about it, peddled medicine everywhere
32. Always had horse and dog in the winter In the Cobalt lake
34. Grade 8
35. Horse and buggy wagons, snow ploughs made of wood drawn by horses, livery stables sidewalks up high over roads. Charlie and Orpha would rent a horse and Buggy on
Sunday for Brady Lake, with friends, or just went for rides
36. Dr. Taylor, Dr. Cain or Schmidt
37. All children born at hone
39. Just as soon as they finished school
40. Eric, Railroad, Gordon, Railroad, Eddy-, Mining Eng. , Alf, Miner
Duggie, Railroad, Eilleen Telephone, Lena, Telephone, Donald, Mines
41. The mines started with a hole, then would build shaft over it.
42. Then the town got going good they had drilling and mucking hand steeling and other contests. The Ball Park out at west Cobalt, always a busy place, women would go and watch the ball games, everyday if possible, They even bought in stampedes, One day Orpha and her husband were watching a game and she saw a big husky fellow walking with a tiny women. She said she knew the man so asked who he was, and couldn't remember
the name, Her husband said it was Ambrose Murphy and he was going to marry that girl Orpha said she remembers that as plain as day.
43. Meat, Eggs and Potatoes for breakfast, very heavy meals, and deserts
44. same, always ate frozen lunches as it was so cold at the mine. They bought a house after 2 yrs. and paid $4.00 ground rent a month.
45. Housedress, heavy wollen stockings as it was so cold
46. Dolled up
47. Went to Church and would walk all day, after children born never went out much. Went to the show 3 or 4 times a week as it only costs 5 cents
48. some furniture from first house, table and dresser, dishes over for years old, and a cake plate and mothers pictures
49. Likes it its better now but had more fun in the early days
50. memories
51. like all changes, sorry the recreation director had to be fired
52. no
53 likes it as it is
55. yes
56. Lots of things, Cobalt will be good yet. It always comes back
57.Spring,summer and winter
58. belongs to lodges and church groups, goes to the teas
59. sewing and plants and flowers
50. Thinks it’s awful, if people would plant gardens, grow more food, keep it for winter. More people should do for themselves.
61. People living here their hones are here. just want to stay here as she loves it
62. Museum, library, community Hall, Churches, tours, Hunting and fishing theatre, Historic sites.


Orpha's interview was terrific. A sweet old lady with so many stories to tell. She told me ( she could tell stories for a week or more of different things that happened in Cobalt. A tape recorder would be the answer there. She would not live any place else but Cobalt as all her memories of the wonderful times she had still linger in her mind. As though they happened yesterday.

Joanna Stubinski:
Please add this to Mrs. Charlie Smith's interview:
At one time in Cobalt there was quite a fair size island at the end of Cobalt Lake. The
Mining men wanted to get rid of it. so they drilled underneath it. then blasted. It spun around and around until it hit bottom. Mrs. Smith said the sound and the feeling it gave her was awful. It was really something to see.
There were people that came from all over just to see this. People that came from Toronto This happened over 30 yrs. ago. After sinking the island they had it mined.
Orpha also remembered the washing of the Nipissing hill. They did this so they could
see where the veins of silver were. They used a hose 5" in diameter, had to use a saw horse because they were so big.
The water pressure was so great it uprooted trees. It was another interesting thing to see.
This took 2 months to do. People came from all over to watch. When they finished you could see the veins of silver and Cobalt. It was beautiful. This was in 1918 the hill was a qully with a thousand stumps or more, still there today
Mrs. Smith’s father would have been 111 in four months when he died.
She showed mea framed picture with the following writing from the Province of Ontario to her dad.
Mr. Spencer Church Calabogie, Ontario
May I extend to you on behalf of the Government of the Province of Ontario
Heartiest congratulations on you one hundredth Birthday and good wishes for your Health and Happiness
Parliament Buildings
Provincial Secretary (couldn't make out his name)

Name of interviewe: Joanna Stubinski Date: March 7 1972

Joanna Stubinski March 7, 1972
1 ½ hrs

1. Mrs. Gordon Smith
2. Ena
3. McCrank
4. RR #1 Gillies
5. 679-5780
6. 49
7. 1922, North Cobalt
8. Parents came from Ottawa vicinity
9. Ottawa
10. 3 wks. old
11. Came on box car, day of fire, Oct. 4, 1922, then lived in Cobalt, because house burnt down. Nearly died of smoke inhalation. Father told her she had turned black, but came around.
12. by rail
13. 8 with parents
14. Railroad, 0.N.R.
15. started to train for a nurse, but had to stay home to look after father when mother died
16. O.N.R. Office Supervisor in New Liskeard
17. Housewife, Husband was in 2nd world war for 4 yrs. bits of a bomb went through his back it was broken in France, Back still gives him a lot of trouble
18. Only went to tavern on Saturday, remembers Lang St. full of stores, Always came to market with her mother and had to carry a huge basket home, the market was at the old T.T.L. Mother used to do translating for the Doctors on Sat. Also went to Stock brokers, very busy place
19. Same as now except for more stores
20. House burnt out, in 1922 fire
21. Mining, store clerks, accountants
24. Flat roof, lots of stove pipes, 5 bedrooms, big pantry dark wood, big verandah and garden father kept chickens, had a huge cellar on bed rock
25. Remembers xmas when it was raining out, got moccasins but couldn't wear them, Had a tree
26. in house
27. Hydro
28. Wood
29. Coal and quebec Heaters
30. Remembers many shops up Lang St. Hats shop and MacDiarmid’s
31. Sleigh rides, skated, played games in snow, ball, went to the odd show.
32.Skated and skied every Saturday
33. St. Pat's, Cobalt High
34. 13
35. Walked horses and sleigh, street cars, then buses
36. Dr. Case
37. Mother had broken arm, went home from school to visit mom nurses put her out. It was
a ramshackle looking building
38. Haileybury Hospital Dr. Arnold
39. Bob and Carol both in School
43. Don't know, father was an accountant
45.Mother made clothes
46.Dressed up
47.Went to Church also in evening ate big meal, had visitors
48. Aunt gave her, sugar shaker and cream jug, silver ware
49. It’s home
50. Sentimental reasons
51. Liked the move down to Gillies because of summer and scenery in Cobalt, likes new store and Town looks nice
55. No
57. summer
58.her hobbies and shovelling snow
59. Pottery sewing and woodwork
60. more industry
61. Permanent residents, ex Cobalters
62, Tavern, roam around, Historic Sites, tours, scenery, hunting and fishing
The Smith's lived at 24 nickel St. for over 20 yrs. then built the new home on the Lake, which is just beautiful. Ena does many things with her hands especially making stools, cupboards and different pieces of wood work, Was a terrific neighbour.

Name of Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 23
Interview: Length: 1 1/2 hrs.
1. Mrs. Jessie Smith
3. F i f e
4. 6 Nickel
5. 679-8195
6. 82
7. Bernie, Scotland
8. Mother and father both from Scotland
9. Scotland
10. 1931
12. 0.N.R. line
13. 5 people
14. baggageman
15. housewife
16. dead
17. Retired first world war-was a Corporal. He was gassed during the war in England-took a long time to recover. Died 7 yrs. ago.
18. Very good-first town where there was people to get to know. People were friendly
and helpful.
19. Street cars-taken away the day after she arrived--beginning of the depression
20. Her husband was transferred
21. mining and 0.N.R.
22. 48 hrs. per week
23. $90. for 2 wks.
24. lived on Nickel St. upper-duplex
25. Spent it with family in Kirkland Lake
26. Running water
27. Hydro
28. electric
29. Coal stove
30. Eaton's-Woolworth's--Buckavetsky's and T.B.S.
31. shows--bingo, Church work--made your own fun
32. played golf, swimming
33. no
34. Went to school in Scotland--high school
35. Train, streetcars, cars, taxis
36. Dr. Case
37. Very small, but good
38. Porquis Junction
39. Allan 17, Art 18, Betty 18
40. Al at Jewellers, Art Construction, Betty Housewife
41. same
42. July 1st and reunions----they held contests
43. substantial
44. same as today
45. House dresses
46. Good clothes for Sunday
47. When we got the car, went for rides on Sunday, went to Church
48. Cup and saucer, brought from Scotland shape of a babies pot, 200 yrs. old.
49. Everything—-likes the neighbourhood
51. Big improvement in streets and appearance of town
52. Don't like the stores going out of busine
53. no
55. yes
56. more stores
57. Spring
58. O.K.O. Club, Church, Bingo, Daughters of Scotland
59. Knitting, watching television
60. Don't know
61. people with no cars
62. Museum, parks and recreation
When I asked Jessie if she had a nickname she told me no. But, I know differently--they all call her Gabby. Because no matter when you try and get her she's on the phone. When her dad died in England here mother asked the expense of the funeral and he said
I will take one of your cups and saucers, and Mrs. Fife wouldn't give it.

Carmen Stubinski Date of Interview: March 16, 1972
Time 4 hrs.
1. Laura Smith
2. Ef
3. Laura De Wolf
4. 679-5624
5. 70 Nickel St.
6. 84
7. Claire County Michigan, USA Dac Kingston
8. 16 miles our of Kingston
9. Kingston
10. 1908
11. Trian
12. West North 70, North Bay north to Cobalt
13. 5
14. Prospector, sold insurance in winter
15. housewife
16. dead, prospected all his life when there’d be a rush he’d take off
17. .retired
18. I came to Cobalt when my dad who was here ahead of us wrote to Mother for us to come up. So my mother brother Frank and I came to Cobalt. I was 18 yrs. old at the time Dad rut a tent up on Nickel St. we stayed there all summer. Dad said I think will stay here, so he went back to Kingston and packed up our furniture. Where the first tent was. Dr. Hare built himself a home there. Dad moved our tent near the tracks on the corner of Commission Street and Grandview for the rest of the summer. When Winter came we moved into a house behind Paddie Martins. We had a good view of the lake on the hill, it was quite a drop to the tracks and lake on the hill, The station was like a show everyone went to the station to see the trains come in. Prospect Hill was so slippery at times welt just slide down in the mud. There were wooden sidewalks on each side of the road.
We use to canoe on Cobalt lake every night after supper. Dad use to worry about us out on Cobalt Lake in the canoes, Mother made him sell his canoe we felt bad. I used to sail with Vince Keepey. Keepey’s had a drug store on Lang Street. Vince and his sister Blanche ran the drug store. There were a pump house on Cobalt Lake so had to keep his eye on the kids in the canoes.
There was one boat on Cobalt Lake owned by Northern Power. Howard Holley was operator of the ship
Remembers the day the Catholic Church blew over across the East side of the railway bridge.
One day my dad said were going out to stake some claims. We walked from Cobalt to
Giroux Lake walked the pipeline and returned this was 20 miles. We used snowshoes- dad and I. I staked 3 claims. The next day we were to go to Haileybury to register the claims at the Registration office. I couldn't walk for 3 days. I was 24- yrs. old at the time. my Husband had the oldest prospecting licence in Ontario prospecting
20. Because my dad was a blacksmith. He had a blacksmith shop on Lang St.across from Daminani’s Store/ Later he sold his blacksmith shop to Ambrose Murphy. My dad move to the Soo 1913.

24. We owned and built the house beside Dr. McGarry on Prospect Ave. Harold Fleming owns it and I remember we’d go by horse and wagon to Lorraine Valley to pick blueberries. We got so many I preserved a lot and decided to go up in the attic and dry some on the floor. I forgot about them. In the spring the boys used blueberries for their pea shooter. I nearly died laughing. Blueberries were plentiful in those days.
25. Can’t remember
26. Had it in the house. These seem to be a lot of silly questions.
27. Hydro
28. cook stove, burned wood for cooking
29. Hot water system
30. We had 4 children. Four millinery shops here at one time.
31. Milton Carr built the building that Woolworths had their store.
I was friends with Mr. & Mrs. Carr in those days. He built his house on Silver Street. Later Murray Watts father bought the house and they lived in it. Cliff Moore owned the Cobalt Mess, that stood near where Leo O’Shaughnessy lives today directly across the street was the one Cobalt Mess that I knew of. It was private, owned by Cliff Moore. He hired a full time cook to cook for the guests. That came and went steadily. They used to have some great poker games there in the early days and stakes were high. They all had lots of money and played the stock market. One time dad went on a prospecting trip for Cliff Moore. He had one room full of expensive tents, sleeping bags, some silk ones, pack sacks any of the guests who went prospecting left their equipment behind. This was in the early 30’s Cliff Moore owned the drug store on the corner.
Dr.Rouchie had an office on Lang St. Later his office became a millinery shop. Later it was Belgium’s Jewelry store. Next down to the imperial bank. We were burnt out in the Lang St fire in 1910. After the fore we stayed at Trypps till we built a house on Nickel St. We sent all our clothes to Arnprier to be cleaned after the fire. Everything was by train in those days. The box car our clothes were in caught on fire.
32. we had good times in those days we use to drive by horse and buggy to Haileybury to and dance. We use to have lots of dances in the hall on Argentite Street. I use to wear hobble skirts. They sure were foolish things to walk in. We had lots of card parties, good lunches and not much drinking in those days, just the men.
36. Mr. McLaren
37. Miss Reed use to run the Mines Hospital after she left. Mrs, Dr. Mitchell took her job.
38.Wilfred, Shaft and Bill Donaldson lived here then. When Mrs. Dickson was nurse, her first
baby she helped bring into the world was Evan Donaldson, when Mrs. Dickson died
Evan Donaldson was a Pall Bearer. Evan was very good to his family. They lived here for many years. He sent his Mother and Sister on several trips to Europe, USA. Evans Donaldson is living in Toronto today. He is a millionaire.
39. in their 20’s
41. Both in mines.
42. There wasn't the safety features in the mines those days. Didn't even wear the mines days., Didn't even wear hard hats or safety boots. Dad worked in the mine when they use to use candles they'd take a handful of clay put water on it. Make a mud pack .-stick it on their hat let it harden and put their candle in it. In 1911 they brought in the Hydrolic Air System from Ragged Chutes. There was lower oxygen n content so they couldn't use the candle anymore. That is when they started to use the Carbide Lamp
45. Printed satin dress, chiffon dress
46.always wore french heels. Had a pair of white kid high laced boots had back and brown ones toe. My wedding hat was small rim with a large black feather Plume that started on the top of my head and came down the one side. Mrs. MacDougal made it she had a millinery Store. I had a cream tailored serge suit to go with my white high boots. Everything was tailor made. Had the boys suits hand made by Mr. Carlson in Haileybuyr.
47.Have a rocking chair my father bought when my brother was born 88 yrs. ago. Would like to have it refinished some day. Have an old quilt 200 yrs, old. My great grandmother gave this quilt to my grandmother when she got married,
48. Went to church then picnic at Sass Lake we’d paddle across to the island to eat our lunch.
We picnic at Moores' cove and the spur line.
The Caris, MacKays, Keeleys, Dr. Sommerville, Evans McCraig, Bob O'Gorman my husband
used to go to Haileybury to catch the Meteor and Cruise down Lake Temiskaming. We Always took a picnic basket.Later we'd go with the Ralph Taylor's they had a boat. We were able to cook own meals on his boat. We went down Lake Temiskaming and the Hudson Bay Post was there. George Taylor started the hardware Store when he died Bill and Ralph became owners Ralph lived across the street from us.
Larry Stadlemen, his sister Angie and Bert often dropped in to have a cup of tea with us. We were friends like a lot of others. When we were burnt out on the Lang St. fire
We lost our piano. We asked everywhere finally a year later it turned up in North Cobalt.
The man that had it tried all over to find out who owned it. We were lucky it turned up. It was
given to me by my father in 1901. the same year the queen died. It had won 1st prize in a fall fair in Kingston
49. I’ve lived here 64 yrs and I like it
50. Wouldn’t feel at hone anywhere else
51. Improvement in homes
52. Removal of mines, payrolls, downgrading of employment, depletion of Ore
53. yes
54. Lack of facilities for parts, conveniences, regardless of this knowledgable Characters, engineers, Dr. , Professional people made their academic home here people. Lots of wealth came out of Cobalt
55. Yes
56. Would like to see a V.O.N. Make daily visits again. People should keep their sidewalks shovelled
57, Spring
used to love to sew. Bake and read paper daily
59.not now
60. its universal
61. Tourists point of view
62. Unique mining town with a good past History Artists think this is an artist’s paradise. Mrs Smith has a lot of antiques and pictures very interesting woman.

Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: Feb. 17, 1972
Length of Interview: 2hrs.
1. Mr. Robert Sopha
2. Bob “Tip”
4 26 Cobalt St.
6.Cobalt – Galena St.
7. 52
8. Mother – Lake City Michigan Father—Hastings County
9. Cobalt
10. 1920
11. Born at home


14. Worked at Buffalo Hines Mining Corporation Canada then L.C.B.O

15. Housewife raised 9 children
16. Inspector with Liquor License Brd.
17. Housewife.-(The former Anita Regimbal) 5 yrs. 1940-45 Sgt. with R.C.E.M.E.
18. Born opposite Mining Corporation. Knew everyone that worked there--went underground at 6 yrs. old.......-Thought Cobalt was great Remembers old timers reunion--Also
the dog Cobalt. Kelso Roberts practised law over Woolworth's Building. Dog Cobalt belonged to one of the Slaght's..-Moved in 1926 to Philips boarding House. Parents operated it. Tore it down in 1936
19. Between 10-15,000
20. Born here
21. Mining
22. 8-5
23. $1.50 per day in 1938 work for Jack McGale on farm from daylight till dark slept over the Kitchen--$15.00 a month. He fed them suckers--caught in the spring
24. Galena St. 2 storey--Rivet's House parents kept chickens, pigs, horses, cut and hauled own wood.
25. Remembers xmas--when parents would hide presents and they would have to look for them
26. Running water--paid ground rent
27. Electricity
28. Wood stove
29. Wood and Coal
30. General store where Mr. Talon--Merv Kelly lived--a friend worked in store and stole , so they could smoke them
31. Rodeo came to Cobalt--once--Jake Smith brought it from Western Canada came to
old fairgrounds-horses cattle and Bulls
32. Played hockey--always-..skated old year out and in. Year in--wore speed skates
Played ball
33. yes
34. High School--1932--first year Cassidy and McAlpine taught
35. Street- cars--went to Liskeard for 12 cents few cars later on
36. Dr. E. W. Mitchell
37. good hospital $1.00 month for hospitalization--Dwyer girls nursed there
41. All mines were operating safe for working fire at Dotsy mine. Adelaid Leonard only survivor. All hair burnt off in fire 1928-29
42. Contests out at old fair grounds--Hand Steeling. Had Fall fair out there to
display vegetables
43. Went to Market-had best food--always had a garden
44. good food
46. Had one pair of Trousers-Dad tore his trousers and Bob had to Lay across mothers
knee while she sewed it
47. Dressed up on Sun
48. went to Sunday School
49. Book ends--made at school-crests
50. no better place to live--only boom town in north
52. Yes
51. Native
53. progress in Landscaping
54. No
56. more industry
57. above
58. Summertime
59. parties..-member of Lion & Legion welfare officer for legion veteran's cemetery for 26 years.
60. Fishing and hunting
61. Higher price of silver to get mines going
62. Americans and Canadians are going to move in to get good clean fresh air campers and tenting trailers.
A number of facilities available.
63. Tourist attractions—Air plant at ragged chutes.•-mining museum--very unique•-parks miner’s festival

Joanna Stubinski May 29,1972
3 hours
1. Alma and Les Steele
2. Alma Steele (Armstrong)
3. R R 1# 1
4. 679-8662
5. 60
6. Manitoulin Island, even though we were living in Cobalt. Mother went to look after her mother when she had her baby and it just happened I was born there also. Dad was in Nipissing.
7. My dad came to Cobalt in 1904 and mother came in 1909 they were married in Marcy 1910 on Manitoulin Island
14. Dad did mining and lumbering
15. Mother had a sister living at the O'Brien she used to work as a housekeeper
that is my mother did.
17. Housewife
18. I always loved Cobalt
19. Always had a ball I'd babysit to make money to go to the dances. Got 25 cents
a night. Went to a lot of dances in Latchford. Cobalt was a lot busier than now. People seemed to be more sociable. There were also a lot more house parties
20. Dad came because of the silver rush and mom came because her sister was here.
21. I worked as a housekeeper in 104. Used to walk both ways.
23. $2 a week
24. My first home was on Silver St. Past MacMillans garage. I played with the
Petrakos kids. It was a duplex with 3 bedrooms and a big living room.
Dinty Moore who owned the drug store in Cobalt has a mess at the top of Cobalt St. It was a hangout for bachelors. Some of them lived there. Mrs. Ross from West Cobalt did the cooking. Dinty Moore had a riding club. Some of the men that belonged were Cap Fancy, "A-Moss, MaCluskey's, Paul & Dick. I'll never forget Moore's riding horse it was black except for having white legs up to the knees. It looked like he wore knee socks. A.K.Roberts the lawyer belonged to the club. I also remember Teddy Buckman he was an artist and always wore white shoes. We had a horse and buggy. Mother & Dad sat on the seat, and we sat with our backs to the dashboard.
25. X-mas I remember mother was pregnant. It was X-mas eve and she had painted
the floor orange so we couldn't put up a tree. I remember my sister and I got up at 5 am Mom had bought us each a fur coat and muff and a doll. When and dad came down later we were both asleep by the stove with out coats and muffs and our doll in our arms.
33. I started school at First Brook went there for 2 years then moved into Cobalt.
36. Dr. George Schmidt
37. The hospital had the darlingest nurses Misses Knight, Reed and Doherty. I was in -before my baby was born in 1938. It was closed in the 40's
48.My treasures are old school pictures and gifts from my first marriage,
49. Friendliness of people. I just want to stay right here.

1. Les Steele
2. 62
7. Minouth Hastings County
10.Came to New Liskeard, when I was 1 year old. We lived 9 miles north of there on a farm.
14. My dad was a farmer for a year. We then moved to Clear Lake in 1911. Our home was a cold 2 story shack. Dad hauled mining timber and lumber. He worked later Years at the Mining Corp and the Nipissing-in 1932, he bought 20 acres " in Coleman Township near Loon Lake. My mother lived there for a year and really hated it. So I took it over. West Cobalt was really thriving in those days. Tom Jackson, Hickey McIntyre, Ramsay's Store, a real mean old bugger, Peter's Amiotte, Sandy Stewart, Brewer, Harold Bowden, Emma Kennedy, Roses, Teddy Peak, Ray Buttle McIsaac, Crawford, Mayberry, Parson, Valley, Piche, Sydney, Miss Ross, Conroy, Dearing, they had 3 daughters could never have son, Kate, Stewart, Othmer, Lesellet,FRed Easen, Rochester. These are just some of the people that lived
out there then. It is sure different today. I went to West Cobalt school, it had 2 rooms. Miss Rowe was my teacher. I was in the air force four years, 23 months in Newfoundland, Bagotville, Quebec, 6 months to Dartmouth N.S. I was then discharged in from 1941-1945.
18. I horsed around a lot in Cobalt had a real good time. We were very poor in those days, If we pissed it wouldn't even run down the hill. We usually had to roast our poplar wood before we'd burn it. Where Bigelow's house is today there used to be a big apartment house.first job was in 104 working on a gov't
crusher. I worked 10 hours a day and was paid 35 cents an hour. I worked for Jim Shannon. Len Bigelow and I walked back and forth, every day. I worked at the Mining Corp. for a while, also in the bush for Bill Smith, Then from 1950 to 1952 worked for Len Cunningham at Ungava Bay, the geese had to fly backwards to keep the snow out of their faces. Then for Roger Gareau near Gowganda I started with Hydro in 1957. I really like Cobalt as everyone is so friendly. Alma and I both like the changes made in Cobalt and would like to see any change that would better the town. Cobalt has a beautiful historic background to offer any visitor even myself, living here for 60 years. I'd never live any other place. Alma and Les just love dancing. If there's a band any place playing, you can be sure to see them there dancing.

Joanna Stubinski April 24, 1972
1 1/2 hours
1. Mr. Roger Stevens
4. 19 Cobalt
5. 679-5976
6. 38
7. born Cochrane 1933
8. Dad in Temagami in 1907 - Mother in England
9.Cochrane then Temagami
10. 1961 came to Cobalt family came in 1951 - I joined the RCAF
11. train
12. Northern route - ONR
13. Just the 3 — I was the only child
14. Soft drink business - Dad and his brother had it from 1951 (coke factory)
15. Clerked in Buck's then the post office
16. Metropolitan life insurance
17. housewife. In RCAF 10 years posted in Comox B.C. and Cold Lake Northern
Alberta, also Bagotville & North Bay, Camp Borden & St. John's Que.
18. Knew a few people because of going to school that is High School. but could think of better places to live.
19. More active than now - more mines operating and people very friendly no problem socially
20. business opportunity
21. mining - refinery - foundry and store clerking
22. 60 hours
23. $225. a month
24. Apartment - over pop factory - was a mess but we fixed it up the best we could
25. spent X-mas with parents, they lived on Nickle St.
26. Running water
27. hydro
28. electric stove
29. Hot water heating. Grandfather had businesses in Temagami. Had the station restaurants from North Bay to Cochrane. Ronnoco Hotel -Garage - outfitters Co. - restaurant and grocery store - the Old Stevens house in Cochrane. My dad was born and raised in Temagami. We went to Cochrane because he worked in the railroad. I always came to Temagami to spend my summers - moved there finally in 1938. Lived by the lake. No electricity but had water outside plumbing then moved to Toronto for 4 years came back in 1944. Then lived on the island where dad lived. to-day only in a log cabin, that had no water, lights - for about 1 ½ years while father was building the new house. Had no hydro at first and a diamond drill well. Very exciting growing up there.
Very few motor boats. Always went by canoe - the summers were really fabulous
30. TBS, Buck’s were closed- Woolworths, Quality grocery - Dominion - Rowdon's
Shaw’s store – Bilodeau, Damiani and Mrs, Audet
31. Temagami - consoling - Goddard's Theatre I met Pat at the Friday night dances
We were there when dance started and stayed right till the end. These were every Friday night. Dorothy Houston played
32. Played hockey - football - basketball - summer sports.
33. Temagami Public - went to N. Liskeard 1 year then bussed to Cobalt High
34. grade 11
35. trains - cars - buses
36. Dr. Dunning
37. Nothing in Temagami but remember the ONR had a hospital coach they parked at the station. Later on we always went to Haileybury
38. Comox B.C.
39. Still in school
42. Just what they had at the festivals never participated as I was never interested in mining
43. wore coca cola uniform
46. If I went to church - dressed up
47, always went to Temagami on Sundays
48. Grandfather's watch (pocket) - diaries , my grampa had and wrote while at sea. Written in 1874 I really cherish these. Also an old coke bottle with New Liskeard written on it.
49. I like Cobalt for the fellowship of people I associate with
51. Done a lot to the town. Cleaned it up a great deal
52. Don't like the recreation policy - or school system having to bus children -and the removal of grade 13
53. Have to leave town to make anything - no job opportunities
55. yes
56. Secondary industry - the town really only has mining to depend on.
58. Kiwanis - curled until last year
59. no
60. another industry - put in a steel mill instead of Adams and Sherman mines -sending iron pellets to Hamilton.
61. Lent itself to tourism
62. Cobalt has a type of old romance to it. Very unique atmosphere

Highlights : Roger is now planning to move his family to North Bay in June as he could not get any work around here. He is as hard working Kiwanian whom I know for sure will be missed a great deal.

Joanna Stubinski April 26, 1972
Interview 1: and 15 min
1. Mrs. Roger Stevens
2. Pat Morin
3. Morin
4. 19 Cobalt St
5. 679-5976
6. 39
8. Cobalt
9. Cobalt-grandparents from Buckingham and Hull
13. 3
14. Dad worked in grocery store where Bilodeau's are today
15. Housewife
16. sells for Metropolitan Life Insurance
17. Housewife
18. Always loved
19. Busy but it was on it's way down
20. Grandparents came in 1905 to Giroux Lake mining
21. Buck’s 8 hrs.
22. $13 week
23. Fine-Duplex on Earl St. wooden frame
24. exciting people made more of it always had a lot of visitors
25. in house
27. wood stove
28. wood stove and oil stove in living room
29.Bucks, Vellis, Irwin's Grocery, Carps, Luvawitz, Men and boys shoes, Tom Black,
30. Candy Store by Miners home, Larabie's took it over, Woolworth's Dominion, Purdy's restaurant, Olive Sally Shop, Eric's men's wear.
31. Always danced at Community Hall, more fun than kids have now, usually hang _around
the Minerva had Club 47, Church socials girls church group worked with guides spent a lot of time in
Temagami summer.
32. bowling, skating, babmington at Community Hall
33. St. Theresa's old school and Cobalt High School
34. Grade 10
35. buses, trains and cars
36. Dr. Wallingford
37. was in the old Cobalt Hospital brother was in it, all born at home
38. Canox, B.C. 39
39. Still going to school
40. They were all operating but I remember the O'Brien
41. remembers the old ball park but no contests
45. skirts and blouses
46. dolled up
47. went to Church in shoes heat and gloves that matches, always had a big meal then went for walks got ready sunday night to start the week
48. newspaper clippings about her uncle that was crippled, who ran a newspaper, he had 20 boys working for him, did this all from his wheel chair, Wilfred Raymond
49. because it's friendly
51. no
52. don't like schooling or the way we're losing things, also the way people get a down
on someone and practically run them out of town
53. no
55. yes
56. like to see a good industry, something to make it go ahead
57. Fall colors mature around us
58. stay home I used to bowl
59. A little bit of everything
60. completely different type of industry then what we have
61. not ambitious people or we need someone with money to establish something
62. museum, scenery and lakes
Pat really loves Cobalt, and says she hates to leave, but in order for her husband to better himself she has to follow along.

Carmen Stubinski March 1, 1972
2 1/2 hours.
1. Ida Sartorreto
2. Snider
3.Ida Mercier
4.Silver St., Cobalt
5. 679-8470
6. 60
7. Ottawa
8. Vank Lek Hill, Ontario
10. was raised in Cobalt left at the age of 13 returned to live here in 1964.
12.South from Swastika
15 Long distance telephone operator.
16. Was killed in a United Asbestos Mine 21 years ago.
17.Quit my job Friday at the hospital too much pressure and confusion.
18. To be honest about it, when I returned to Cobalt after living here in the early days. It was depressing sight to see all the empty buildings which were eye sores when I visited in 1964. I found an amazing change for the good.
19. It looked as if someone had gone to the hairdressers and had a hairdo. It looked so different it didn't look like a ghost town anymore.
20. For this reason the 0.N.R. had moved their long distance office from Swastika to New Liskeard. There was no work in Swastika. The buses were cut off to Kirkland Lake, and a place to raise my children.
21.I worked at Haileybury Hospital C.S.R.
22.7:30 to 4:00 p.m. - 12:30 to 9 shift.
23. $40. per week.
24. We lived at 106 Earl St. when I was a kid, 2 storey frame wooden building.
25. All I can remember was a Big Christmas tree, dolls and a long stairway. We hung our stockings up in the stairway.
26 In house.
27. Hydro
28. Wood stove, mother made her own bread, preserves, did her own sewing. My sister has my mothers sewing machine still
29. quebec heater, burned coal.
30 There was everything ,stores side by side on each side of Lang Street. I remember shaft store operated by Giachino at one time he had an ice cream parlour. There were lots of blind pigs. There was one blue house on -Earl St. they called it mothers place.
The Bijou on Lang Street, the Lyric and Grand Theatre. I remember a concert at the Grand Theatre that all the school children were in. my sister was a music teacher at the time. She used to teach music at night and work at Woolworths in the daytime.
32. Skiing, skating, play ball, snow shoeing. Lots of swimming in the old pond at the end of Sass Lake, near the Hudson Bay property. They had a big dam :here and we swam in the pond and picked blueberries.There is still a large cement block there from the dam, we now stand on it when we go fishing. There were houses there and a big mine mill there. The foundation is still there. There was also a large building there I never . . went near it. It was for scarlet fever patients. Old Dr. Mitchell and Taylor and Dr. Schmidt was here then. A car hit me and broke my leg that’s how I remember the Dr's. I guess there was only one car then in town as there weren't cars and one had to hit me.
33. St. Hilarion school was the one I attended, it was across the right of way bridge. There was a big Catholic Church next to this school that blew over on Good Friday. I can't remember the name of the Church.
34. 10 years plus business college. St. Hilarion was a big frame building with eight class rooms. Lots of big halls and nuns. After the 1922 fire they had around 500 pupils temporary.
35. We walked, if there was a big storm someone would come along with a horse and sleigh and gave us a ride to school. We took our lunch in the winter and ate in the big basement.
36. The one I remember the most was Dr. Taylor, he fixed my leg when I broke it.
37 There was a mines hospital here.
38 Kirkland Lake.
39. Gary was 18. Jeffery joined the army at 17, Albert 18, Tina still going to Laurentian University.
40. There was no summer work. The only one who got summer work was Tina one summer she worked at the Beach.
41. Lots of mines and shafts. Lots of men going to work with their lunch pails.
43. Lunch pail
44. Big supper at night
45. slacks, skirts, mocassins
46 Occasionnally wore my best clothes on Sunday
47. Church first, catachism at 2 p.m. and church at night
48 .is a large old book dated 1874.
49. A good friendly swing
50. You go down the street and everyone says hello.
51. Parks, lights, new sidewalks. I have a respect for Jack Mathews. He has done a lot of Cobalt. It has cleaned up.
55. Yes
56. Would like to see a few industries start up, we've got the land, water and a place for it. Their own natural resources could come up with an answer. All the older people wouldn't be so lonely, if they could do something in one area to be sold. We have lots of silver in the old dumps and mines are stocked and piled with silver. The price of silver should be up. We are in the Clay Belt. Why can't we package it, get an outlet and ship it out. They. do ceramics all over the country. There should be a good sale for it, if you need a pound of clay to do pottery you buy it 1146 shot in Toronto. Why couldn't it come from here. Seeing they have so much clay here why couldn't we manufacture pots planters etc. Clay has lots of uses.
Spring and fall.
Playing cards, bingo.
Ceramics, summer time, roam the bush,,look at rocks and the old foundations there are interesting.
Price of silver to go up. Jobs made to solve the unemployment.
Engineers, geologists, miners.
Miners Festival very good. Museum, good beach at Bass Lake, Rock Hounds paradise, mine tours, good water,fishing, hunting, beautiful country.


When people are taken on mine tours Rock shapes as picks or rocks could be given to the tourists. These could be done here.
Train went to Silver Centre Daily 1926-27. I lived there 2 years..
New Frontier, Keeley Frontier, Whitee Lauford, Nippissing, Old Maidens were some of the mines working there at the time.

Carmen Stubinski
March 7,1972
1 3/4 hours.

1. Agnes Sutherland ( Mrs. Micheal)
2. Aggie
3. Agnes Vattey
4. 103 Galena St. Cobalt
5. 679-8312
6. 76
7. Wotten Waren, Warwickshire, England
8. England
9. We were married in England
10. May 3, 1918
11. boat 6 days Aquatinia, train
12. Across the ocean to Halifax, took train to Montreal, to North Bay and to Cobalt, took 3 days on train.
13. 3 of us
14. Silver mine
15. housewife
16. I remember the raids in England we used to have to get up in the night and run to the basement for shelter. Met my husband in England before he went to France. When he came back to England he was in the hospital 1 ½ years. We got married when he was in the hospital while he was convalescing. I thought I'd like to come to Canada I've like it from the start.
18. It was a dirty town. Everyone burnt coal and wood and there were piles of ashes on the side of the sidewalks, very different from where I come from.
19. A bustling town, lots of work.
20. I came to Cobalt because my husband lived here. It was his home town. Mrs. Pat Laronde, his sister lived on Nickel Street. my husband came here in 1906 from Renfrew. The bank was in a tent then. He expected to go to work in the mines again which was the townsite mine. Roberts was his shift boss.
21.Mostly logging and mining.
22. 7 to 5
23. his pay day was around $40. every 2 weeks.
24. We rented a house in West Cobalt. It was very cold and draughty. Its torn down now.
25. I can't remember exactly We always had plum pudding. I make it every year. I like it better than X-mas cake. I make 7 or 8 every year.
:26. We had no water in the house, The pump was in the village. Used to carry waterfrom the lake for washing.
27. Electricity.We had a hanging light bulb. Had to hitch your toaster to the light socket. It’s a wonder we didn’t have fire.
28. Iron wood stove.
29. Quebec heater, burnt wood later coal.
30. We had a little store in West Cobalt, like a corner store. McKewens had a store on Silver Street and Prospect that is where we used to deal.
31. There were 2 shows, dances, and lots of house parties.
32. Didn't have much to do over there (England) The only skating we had is ff we had frost. No organized sports. Used to slide down hills when we had frost and ball in the summer.
34. 8 years That’s all we could get over there unless we went to boarding school
35. Street oars from Cobalt to New Liskeard the track ran beside the -railroad track trains, not many cars.
36. Dr. Mitchell
37. There was a hospital in Cobalt for miners only.
38. England.
39. John 16, Essie 15, Teddie 16, Rose 16
40. I can't remember where they went to work I had 9 of them. Rose was in the army, 2 :,-ears she served as a wac . All worked downtown at local jobs.
41. Lots of them. They were all working you could get a job anywhere.
43. Roast beef, boiled pork, potatoes.
44. Good substantial meal.
45. Mrs. Sutherland laughed. Cotton dresses in summer, high buttoned boots around 8 inches always had a button hook. A hat you wouldn't go out, without it. It was standard equipment.
46. Best clothes, always a hat still used. Don't feel dressed without a hat.
47. go to church morning and night. Go for walks and cook.
48. I've given them away, my grandson in Welland is an antique collector. My basin, large jug etc. I gave it to him.
49. friendly people.
50. It’s home.
51.Like Tressider's new store, community hall, rink, new parks.
53. no.
55. yes.
56.. More work I think the council is doing a very good job. Look at the lovely new houses on Dunning Drive.
57. fall
58. Watch TV, like knitting when I watch TV
59. knitting
60 The mines can't be all worked out. Its a big area. More exploring and the mines reopen. There should be something besides mining.
61. They would be interested if their homes were here,
62. Usually got out and see the town. Visit other people. In summer there is the beach, fishing and hunting. Wilfie brought me home a 15 lb. pike last week we had 4 good feeds of it and still have another neal out of it. It was so good and good hunting here.


Since Christmas Mrs. Sutherland has done so much knitting she has a large black plastic bag full of knitting. She knits for the hospital bazaar in the fall. Its hard to believe all the knitting she has ready for gifts and bazaar.

Interviewer: Carmen Stubinski March 31, 1972
3 hrs.
1, Marion Sutherland (Mrs. Jack)
2.Marion McLeod
3. 46 Galena Street, Cobalt
4. 679-6116
6. 78 yrs. old
'8. Picto County, Nova Scotia
9. Mother and dad both born in Nova Scotia
10.Westville, Nova Scotia
11. Cobalt, Dec. 1929
12. 3 of us
14. Fox rancher and prospector
15. Helped in the past office at home
16. died 1969 age 87
17. retired
18. It was pretty bad, there were lots of empty buildings, the only mining at all was leasing and picking the dumps. There were so many men traveling the freight trains when the trains put cars in at the siding. I'd have us high as seven a day asking for meals never missed a day without someone begging meals. They were fine people and just couldn't get a job. We’d take them in and feed them. Then it petered out to a different element. They started to steal. Then we'd feed them in the back kitchen or shed. We never let anyone that asked go away hungry.
19. There were more people then than there are now.
20. Because we were in Porcupine and the Dome Mine burned, So the people were leaving the Porcupine for the other jobs.
Jack was working in Noranda and his brother Hugh wanted him to come to Cobalt. His company General Secrurities Corp. had several properties in Cobalt area such as the Lawson, LaRose, Violet, Princess, University and Mastermet Mine Properties, later Hugh , my husband Jack took a lease on all there properties.
The main ones he worked were LaRose, Lawson, Princess and Violet. My husband and son—in—law Robert MacArther, built a mill on the Violet Property.
I think they prospected in every township in Northern Ontario. North of North Bay to Cochrane, Timmins, He never carried a compass, he never got lost in the bush. He had a sense of direction, don't know how he did it.
He staked where the Noranda Mine is today in Que. on the Horne Fault. He sent the samples to his brother Hugh and Hugh said forget it there's nothing in Northern Quebec So he let the claims go also milled being wealthy thats a prospectors fate.
He also worked putting in a Hydro Line from Matachewan to Timmins before he came to Cobalt. He was helping them lay the line for the power line.
The reason we came to Toronto. I came first. I was very sick and they couldn't operate in Nova Scotia for Thyroid goiter. So I came to Toronto and Dr. Primrose did the operation. That operation was very rare at that time. Dr. Primrose came from Westville Nova Scotia,
That's what brought my husband out from Nova Scotia. He brought out our little daughter and we made our home in South Porcupine.
The hydro line they worked on was private. Not built by Northern Hydro when we moved to Porcupine. The first place wasn't much more than a shack. We had no bathroom facilities we had an outdoor toilet.
We used to buy water by the barrel. We used coal oil lamps Cooked on a wood stove, one thing there was lots of wood
30. Shops weren't too bad.
35. Street car line. Niel McIsaac was motorman
36. Dr. Schmidt and Dr. Kane
37 We had a hospital on the site of Buffams funeral home to-day. They had a big parrot In the window. He was on a stand with a claim on his leg. He was beautiful bird
38. Westville, Nova Scotia
39. She gave dancing lessons. Now she’s teaching art. She does a lot of paintings yet, very active in arts and crafts. She has been painting since she was a public school.
43. I know more about a prospectors meal. I'd have to pack his pack sack and it really was packed as we couldn't forget anything as there was no other way to get food. There would be flour first, soda, cream of tartar, bean, salt pork, canned milk, it was heavy to carry. They always took honey, peanut butter, jam sow belly, tea and coffee and sugar. Their main meal was pancakes and banock
48. Have my family bible I got when I was married. My brother helped me pay for it. I like the way they had put in parks. I’m hyped on the flowers and I like the museum
52. no
53. I would like to see the mines going again and more industry
59. Church, Daughters of Scotland, T.V.
60. More work I don't know what type of work just more work. People that are hard enough up, any kind of work shouldn't bother them.
61. I think tourists might be interested with Cobalt's historical background.
62. So many things. It not our climate thats a cinch. Scenery is beautiful, facilities for swimming excell old mines, rocks very fasinating to them. Open rock cuts, with the ice. Cobalt is terrific as a painters paradise and the hospitality.
My brother in law Hugh Sutherland. He was the Chief of the Clan. He was the oldest and my husband was the youngest. He died at the ripe of age 104. He was 100 yrs. old in confederation year, He was married to his

second wife 50 yrs. He was a millionaire.
He was also owner of the Mastermet property of Cobalt till 3 yrs. ago he mellowed and sold the property to the town of Cobalt.
For a good many years he kept the people on North Land St. the French church, hotel in hot water. He would not sell the homeowners the land their house or shack stood on.
They could or would not do repairs on their houses every so often he was going to evict them
the people were very upset. It made headlines in the newspapers across Canada many times. Since they have the deed for the land their houses stand on. They have repaired painted and improved their home's..
Mrs. Sutherland is a woman with a keen memory.
Mrs. Bob MacAuthur had a good hand in getting her uncle to sell the land to the town of Cobalt.

Name of Interviewer: Lucy Damiani Date of Interview: March 28
Time 1 1/2 hrs.
1.Raymond Sutherland
2. Dupuis wife
3. 4 Earl St.
4. 679-8171
5. construction worker
6. I was born in Cobalt my wife was born in Haileybury
7. My Mother was born in England My Father was born in Renfrew
8. Married and have 7 children
9. 60 yrs.
10. The town of Cobalt is alright, the only drawback is the unemployment and I think something should be done about it before it becomes another ghost town.
I don't like the regional educational system its seems foolish to have schools and facilities right in town and still transport children and students to out of town schools. I think it’s also harder to keep track of your children when they go to school out of town, you don't know if they're going to school or they are not and it’s a long day they have to start out much earlier and coming home much later. They are talking about a losing Grade 13 at the local High School and there are the Temagami and Latchford students going to New
Liskeard when they could be coming to Cobalt.
Our economic situation would probably be better if the companies and individuals who made all their money in Cobalt, they would start industries or put some money back into our economy. It has long been mentioned that Cobalt built Bay Street in Toronto.
Another instance here a labourer cannot get work at a lot of places unless he knows
someone who knows someone else. Sherman Mines is one offender. I have applied there for work, none, time and time again and always the same answer. We have nothing. And their medical examination is so strict they couldn't pass it for underground.
Some of the local mines did not know until they had closed up that the government
is offering a grant for exploration work which is very helpful, this has kept the Agnico operating, a secondary industry if we could encourage capital to come in would relieve some of the unemployment.
I hear is no encouragement for a small business to be located here. But, I doubt they would be able to survive until our economy is boosted if people are not working they cannot spend money.
We have no job opportunities without industry the stares or offices cannot hire if they are not busy. As for training, schools the manpower courses require you have two yrs. in the work force to qualify and we do not have a training school locally so again we are missing the advantages of larger centres, which means our young people are taking off and going elsewhere
I really think organized sport is a good idea and should be encouraged we have all the facilities here in our community hall, a large arena, and school is also a must in a town, with young people and adults both. The youth do need organized sports and recreation to keep them occupied.
Yes, I would like to see a baseball park and an outdoor swimming pool maybe in conjunction with one of the service clubs, do we have to go to Bass Lake for swimming and baseball? If we don’t have transportation it is very difficult.
I would like to make a comment on Unemployment Insurance Benefits....,the Act has just recently been amended but it leaves many unfavourable conditions.
11. There is a long 3 week waiting period. which is very hard on a family man
12. It lasts only 18 weeks in some instances and if you are off due to weather conditions your benefits are smaller.
13. I am only receiving $90 weekly with 7 children. I have had to apply for welfare as well.
14. More often than not it is a lot of trouble, a lot of correspondence, and quite a mixed
up arrangement, can we have this settled or made more comprehensible for the work force, Price of silver is low there is no work in the mines so I've had to apply for welfare to keep going. There aren't too many prospects at present in the contract work. Perhaps the price of silver went up to about $3 an ounce and then put a ceiling on it, might be one solution for the economy.
The town is doing a good job of municipal government the taxes are fair, the snow removal has been very good, and they have also improved the appearance of the town by building the parks renovating some of the old buildings they have encouraged new homes by a new sub ditision.
My father worked in 1938 at the Preston East Dome Mine in Timmins wages were better there in comparisson to today. I worked here 1 1/2 yrs then went to Missinnabee Clay north of Kapuskasing 8 miles out of Smokey Falls, just a winter job then back to Cobalt for Cobalt Products they had the Beaver, Temiskaming, Agnico, old Silver Bar and Cobalt Products Properties. I worked here about 15 yrs. I also worked at the Silver Miller 2 yrs and the Langis Silver two years. then I went out to the West Coast on the Alaska Highway from there to Sarnia Construction for a year. Euchi Lake near Red Lake and Thompson Manitoba and Inco Property. Thompson was a prosperous community with its own smelter at the mine, I was only there for three months had been led to believe the money was much better. Then it was Temagami Mining properties. I began working on the Power Notch Dam Project which lasted till September 1971. Worked on a pipeline till December and and now unemployed.
When I first married we were living in West Cobalt paying rent then in 1952 I bought the house I am now live in, Its a duplex and upstairs 6 rooms, and three large rooms downstair
For entertainment I am very fond of sports especially bowling, I have won a trophy, I
also like softball, swimming, watch T.V. follow hockey series very closely and I like to fish and hunt.
When I was young, we played ball in the park at West Cobalt all summer and we used to swim at Pretty Lake, corn roasts at Loon Lake. In the winter sleigh riding and skiing we could get a sleigh from Mr. Bigelow anytime and the gang would go down to Cooks and Gillies Coles at Gilles or stay at Bigelow’s in West Cobalt and the schoolhouse at Firstbrook for dances, had some really good times,
They used to hold big Rodeo's at the West Cobalt park, there was a big grandstand and we had a dance hall, the entertainment was all imported from out of town. Mr. Brewer had the job to put the grounds in and in 1930 they built them.
There were in the early days stories from one end of Toronto, to the other. Buck's T.B.S., Simards , McKays Tailor Shop, Canadian Horne Furnishings, Sherrys Mens Wear, Ough’s Butcher SL27, Fauteaus Butcher Shop,
'We have also had a pet shop 3 banks, 3 theatres, Cuckoo Clock Shop. Woolworths, 3 drug stores. I can remember Charboneaus Jewelry, Minerva, Boston and Chinese restaurants, Taylor Hardware, Northern Canada Supply Damiani's Grocery, Royal Trust Co. was in the Fraser Building, we used to have 2 dentists, 2 doctors a lawyer three banks and many other business establishments.
My big hope is for the price of silver to go up. I like Cobalt the people the atmosphere and of course my home family and friends are here.So I would not like to move away ,the old saying goes, you're the best old town I know

Simone Bedard May,12,1972
3 1/4 hours.
1. John Suzack
4. Room 40 Prospect Ave. Fraser Hotel
6. 51 years old
7. Princess Property, Cobalt
8. Both my Parents were born in Ukraine, Bucovina Province and they came to Cobalt in 1913. Rink--What I remember of the rink when I was a kid of 6 years old. It was very cold and everybody would go to the rink. We kids would stand outside by the door as we had no money to get in, some of the big shots with big Hudson Bay coats would hide us under their coats then give the guy at the door a wink and they push us in front of them and we'd get in free to see games played by senior teams from Haileybury & Cobalt. There was a lot of heavy hitting games at the blue lines there wasn't much corner play like today. There was a lot of stick handling in those days, there were fights and tripping but no boarding like they have today, there was butt ending and they player who had been hit would fall on the ice and nobody knew what had happened, there was no high sticking, everything was below shoulder.
When we were kids we use of dig through 6 feet of hard packed snow on the side of the rink and through the frozen ground under the foundation just to get in to see a hockey game, about 50 kids would sneak in and the owner would always have the holes blocked before each game, but we had rink rats inside who were our friends and they would go under the seats and open the holes once the game got underway.
At every game there were a lot of well off people attending the games and they would watch the game from the home end of the rink, this end of the rink was called the "Millionaires Row"
In those days the rink was not heated so people would come fortified with whiskey hidden in their big Hudson Bay coats.
When we use to sneak under the rink the police Chief Mr. Stromberg would throw a snow ball or chunk of snow at the police then he would take off after this once the kids would run away from the rink and we'd get back in the rink again.
The Ice Carnivals were pretty well as to—day with figure skating and races for different age groups. There was a MacKinnon girl who would win most of the prizes in figure skating. we had Saturday afternoon public skating and the rink was just full.
The rink was usually closed in the summer months except for a Summer Carnival for a week or so. This carnival usually consisted of a fish pond, games of skill, and chance, a wheel of fortune, they also had a hot dog stand and pop. They would build a temporary stage for local talent and entertainers. The rink was closed most of the tme outside of winter months.
The owner had young guys keeping the ice clean and flooded and also keep the wood fires burning in the dressing rooms for doing these chores they would get free ice time for hockey practice, this is how they got the named Rink Rats. The building and rink area was about ¾ the size of our arena today.
I have been told that before I was born Cobalt had a professional team in the N.H.L. Some of the teams were the Ottawa Silver Sevens & the organization was played between Cobalt & a Montreal team.
In the early days ladies did all the baking on Friday and cooking on Saturday and we had to cut and split the wood on Saturday of course everybody had a bath on Saturday night and then on Sunday we had nothing more to do but get dresses up and go to church and to visit friends.


The market was between the T.T.L.part if it was outside market and the other was inside. In those days it was all steam engines on the tracks and this was local passenger & baggage service between Latchford, Silver Centre and Englehart. Early Saturday morning the farmers would come from Englehart and area with all their farm products, live chickens, live ducks, pig heads, sides of pork and of course in summer
potatoes, carrots, cabbage and other vegetables, fresh eggs, cream, butter, processed cheese bacon, this is what would be in the market. After unloading the farmers and their products the train would go to Silver Centre and bring the customers. So the market as well as a place for buying your fresh vegetables and meat was a great meeting place for people in the area. it was a reversed procedure of bringing the farmers and customers
back home. Young boys like myself would e on stand by with our little wagon to help the people bring their purchases home such as live chickens and potatoes and such and we’d get paid 20 cents to 25 cents a delivery .
We use to have a daily morning train from the south and the Cobalt Station anfd market place were very busy places come on Saturday morning. The newspaper would come on the morning train and we'd also make money selling newspaper on the street and to
market customers. The market place was also a news gathering place as
there was no radios in those days.


In the milling process to recover Silver from the ore the original silver mills in the Cobalt Camp played a vital role in the pioneering of modern day milling process. In the original mills in Cobalt the stamp mills were used to crush the ore and Rice each mill had a battery of stamp mills going there was a constant rumbling sound, and this was continuous night and day and of course people got used to it.
So when a stamp mill did close down for a while you knew something was missing you missed the sound. When the mines started closing down because of economic reasons and lack of ore the mills were closed down one by one and left then idle. For some strange reason a mill would catch on fire and burn to the ground, most of the mills in Cobalt were destroyed this way, the mill sites were cleaned up and all the iron was recycled so now there's nothing left but the old foundations. Street Cars
The street car line use to run from New Liskeard through Cobalt and right around to the Drummond Mine at Kerr Lake, There were a few hundred people living in the Kerr Lake and Giroux Lake area who used the street car service to Cobalt and New Liskeard. There was an hourly service during the week but on Saturday afternoon and evening they had 15 minutes service to Cobalt from Giroux Lake & Kerr Lake area due to the shopping hours for the miners who lived at the bunk houses on the mining property.
On Saturday the street cars were so full of people were hanging out of the doors.
Of course at the Cobalt station quite a number of people would transfer to the new Liskeard street car and go on to Haileybury and New Liskeard. On July 1ST. and different school picnics,the street cars were kept very busy between Cobalt & New Liskeard Beach with the people from Haileybury and Cobalt attending these picnics and Dominion Day celebrations. In the early days New Liskeard beach was a great place for local festivities. The street car line to Kerr Lake was also used to bring in supplies & material to the mines in the area. Coal was a major item amongst the supplies going in to the mines. Being a street car and trolley line it was an all electric powered system by overhead trolley line. The street cars were made of wood and wooden seats and in the winter the motor man had a little coal stove near him to keep him warm. People in the area spent many enjoyable hours riding on the street cars.

Interviewer: Joanna Stubinski Date of Interview: March 20, 1972
Time: 1 1/2 hrs.
1. Mrs. Eugene Sweeney
2.Angeline Sweeney
3. McDonald
4. 12 Helen
5. 679-5627
6 . 88, 89 in July
7. Rutherglen
8. Father in Scotland Mother in Gatineau
9. Ottawa 'Valley
10. 1926
11. train
12. Took the Boat across the river to Pembroke, C.P.R. to North Day T.N.NO. to Cobalt
13. 5, 3 boys and a girl
14. miner, always worked at the O’Brien
15. housewife
16. dead
17.Lives with daughter Rita, and looks after the house and cooking. Had 2 sons in the Army. Joseph and Gerald killed in action. Gerald was killed and Joseph was never the same he was shell shocked
18 liked it
19. very friendly, was frightened at first, but people really welcomed her. She said it was so busy that when you walked down down with a baby carriage it was hard to get through the crowds.
20. Husband got a job here. They lived with his friends on a farm in Sheenboro but Angeline wanted to move away as it was really too crowded
21. mining and clerking in stores
22. 8 hours
23. $20
24. on Helen St. Clapbboard house 2 storey
25. Had a lovely time, husbands brothers came there were 3 of them in town
26. in the house
27. Hydro
28. Prince of Wales, cook stove oven at top
29. wood
30. Patti Martin's, Cain’s Rowden’s, Woolworth’s Hernon’s Grocery Store on the hill Stadleman's, Tuttlebaum's Boot and shoe store
31. Picnics and dances 5 theatres they were good shows
33. Rutherglen
34. 7

34 Streetcars, horses for deliveries, cars people that were well off only
36. Dr.Schmidt
37- Husband had finger taken off there
38. Sheenboro, Que.
39. Joe, Gerald, Charlie, Mary, Rita, Eleanor,
40 . Eleanor in Ottawa, Income tax office, Rita, Northern Telephone, Mary O.N.R. Long distance
41. Mines were all operating, men had jobs
42. Had a lot of them, went out to ball grounds to watch nearly every Sunday
43. potatoes andmeat, boiled pork mostly, lots of bread usually took about a loaf of home¬made bread in unch
44. very good, had their own garden
45. homemade housedresses
46. wore hats, dressed up
47. went to mass, morning, and evening
48. . pictures, house burnt down so lost a lot
49. likes it nice and friendly
51. appearance of town
52. no
53. mo
55. more houses and more mines operating
56. answer above
57. summer
58. likes going to suppers and watching television
59. Dancing and puttering in the garden
60. another industry
61. good hard working people
62. friendship, lots to eat and drink
Angeline is a sweet old lady that wishes there were more dances in town so she could sit and watch, and even dance even though she is 89. She just kept mentioning all the crowds, when she first came never went out that much she was too busy looking after her children and the house,

Joanna Stubinski March 27,1972
Time: 1 ¼ hrs
1. Miss Rita Sweeney
2. Rita
3. Single
4. 12 Helen St
5. 679-5627
6. 43
7. Cobalt
8. Rutherglen, Ont. Mother. Sheenboro Quebec. Father
9. Ottawa Valley
10. born here
11. parents came by train
12. Parens came by CPR to North Bay then TNNO to Cobalt
13. 7
14. Dad was a miner
15. Mother was a housewife
16. Father is dead
17. Rita is a bookkeeper for Northern Metal Ltd.
18. Rita has always loved Cobalt when you are born in a town you just seem to be tied to it.
19. Cobalt was a lot busier than now, even though it was going downhill.
20. My parents came to Cobalt because because father heard of the money to be made
in Cobalt and he was fed up with farming.
21. Mining – building roads and working in the bush cutting and selling wood
22. Rita’s first job was during the summer at Hermiston’s bake shop then when through school, she worked for
Northern Teleohone then finally Northern Metal
23. Job during the summer was 4 hours a day
24. this paid $7 a week
25. Can’t remember any special one but always had a lot of fun
26. running water
27. hydro
28. Woodstove. 'They were the first house on Helen to get a telephone
29. wood
30.Working Mans store – Shaw’s ,Costello's drug store, Taylor Hardware, Hydro
Office, sold furniture there, clothing stores, Fauteau grocery store and butcher shop. Minerva restaurant,
Chinese restaurant, Paneriti's Candy store. Greenleys grocery store, .Caverleys
31/ Bowling, skating, shows, made their fun, also badmington
32 Basketball, skating, picking berries and sold them
33. St. Pat’s and Cobalt High School
34. grade 12
35. train, buses wehtn to bass lake, streetcars, care
36. Dr. Wallingford
37. Just in fisiting her father
41. Mines all running watched thethe mill at the Nipissing burn thought the sky was so red they thought the whole town was burning down. Mother had the whole family up ready to move out.
42. Up at the ball park drilling remembers people came from all over
43. Her mother made heavy meals for her dad. Plenty of vegetables, meat and desserts. Always ate a lot of pork.
44. good substantial meals.
45. skirts, blouses, sweaters, wore slacks to school but had to take them off.
46. Wore their best dress. Always wore a hat
47. Went to mass. Bass Lake and skating. Also for walks downtown or to ball park
48. none
49. Rita likes the people here.
50. Sentimental reasons-members people came from all over
51.parks, recreational prposes and facilities
52.McGarry’s, Folley, the parking lot, losing the drug stores, lack of shopping facilities and transportation. Doesn’t like the way the snow is ploughed
53. no
55. yes
56. would like to see it busier but can’t offer any suggestions
57. summer
58. goes to the show and the tavern
59. used to do woodwork and knitting. But really loves travelling
60. Government should step in
61. just the tourists as it has nothing to offer
62. fishing, hunting. Art colony, rock hounds, museum, Historic sites, water shoot at Ragged Chutes, scenery.


Rita is really a wonderful person. -lives at home with her mother and probably always will. She just gets a real kick out of playing tricks on people. I doubt 1f she will ever leave Cobalt.

May 24,1972
2 hours

1. Edward Sylvester
2. Ed
4. 57 Nickel St.
5. 679-5540
6. 55 years old
7. Born in Cobalt on Earl Street at home
8. Mother in Gracefield, Que., Dad Briston Mines
9. Dad met my mother and the married in Sturgeon Falls. Dad let left when he was 14 years old. The three brothers Dad, Jim and Bill all left home when they were very young and Don Sylvester was game warden in Kirkland Lake. He met my brother in law and he happened to say he had married a Sylvester. So Don went to visit them, they compared notes my sister said I have no uncles my dad's brothers have been dead for years. Through Don — Dad found out his 3 brothers were living. He hadn't seen them for 45 years they were very much alive. They got together and all they did was cry. It was something believe me. Don took Dad to Bristol Mines. My uncle Jim couldn't believe it. In those years no one could write. They had to get out so young, to work. Dad started to work in the mines in Cobalt in 1905. One day he had 4 different jobs at different mines each mine he went to and job he tried he didn't like. The 4th one was at the Nipissing mine. He stayed there 45 years. Dad died at the age of 96 in 1952. Mother died at the age of 86 in 1972
13. I was the third child there's Bill, Emma ,Cecil, Jane and Francis. We were all born in Cobalt at home. From Cobalt they moved to 104 they lived across the tracks before the 1922 fire they were burnt out they used to be 30 houses across the tracks.
I mined till 1949 now mechanic at Sherman Mine. I worked at Silver Miller Glen Lake. Left Cobalt went to Bancroft for 5 years and at worked at Wilroy for 9 months. It was depression years when I was growing up. We
got married in 1934 at St. Theresa's Church Father Chapleau was parish priest then. When I first went to work I worked for Coleman Township cutting wood for people on relief. We used to get $ 11 voucher no cash, every two weeks and $5 per month for clothes. Dad was over 70 years old. I tried to do his 2 weeks work. They wouldn't let me at first after many arguments How could dad work at that age, they let me do his 2 weeks work. The old age pension was $20. a month then. I was married when I worked at Gillies airport cutting brush. They paid 20 cents per day with room and board. They served lots of prunes prunes and more prunes. We got paid by the month and cash 5 new one dollar bills per month, there were 300 men working there. People on relief and welfare today should be made to work instead of getting welfare so easy. I gave Ralph Benner a lot of credit
for sticking to Cobalt as he has. Our first home was next door to the Public School in Mileage 104. We got water from a spring. The spring is still there. It was very good water. Our house was a two storey frame building. No electricity, therecwas electricity in town, but we couldn't afford it. We used a Coleman
coal oil lamp. We had a cast iron cook stove,the oven opened sideways. We made our own entertainment I had a bob sleigh I made, with a plank and 2 sleighs. We used to play ball. Dad bought me a pair of skates. I traded them for a 22 gun. I got hell for trading my skates. So I had to return the gun, get my skates back. Then I traded my skates for a movie projector. We showed slides on the wall, when dad found out. I had to take it back and get my skates again. He paid $12. for them that was a lot of money in those days.
33. I went to St. Theresa's school
35. Street cars. They took the street cars off in 1935.
36. Dr. Taylor
37.Got my appendix out in the Minters Hospital, Dr. Case was the Dr., Miss Reed was matron Miss Knight and Miss Brown were nurses
38. At home in Cobalt, Bill was born in Mileage 104. The rest were born in Cadillac Que. We had 6 children the last 2 are twins,
40. Bill went to work at Brady lake at 17. He was the French one in our family as we lived 12 years in Cadillac He'd always answer in French. I worked for O'Brien and Cadillac Mines. They were gold mines. Safety rules were not as they are today. The safety rules I saw one guy once smoking a cigarette sitting on a keg of powder.
48. My dad's fiddle its over 125 years old. He used to play it lots in the early days.
49. Cobalt is home to me. I wouldn't want to move,
50. This last couple of years they have beautified the town. Its 100 per cent better than it was 10 years ago.
52. The stores closing and businesses leaving town. It seems everything is moving or did move to New Liskeard.
53. Yes
56. Industry to give work for people old and young people willing to work.
57. Summer, spring fishing. Was fishing in Lake Temiskaming Monday there were several boats there, everyone catching fish, large ones.
59. Fishing, bowling, rock collecting.
60. Jobs made for people willing to work
61. tourists
62. good fishing, unique scenery, rocks for rock hounds, museum, mine tours, Cobalt's hospitality.

I would like to give Paul Hermiston credit where its deserving. He deserved a lot of credit for the endless hours he spent organizing and setting up the museum. He went into the bush bought in old stake posts. Post identified with beaver chewing marks. Set up exhibits rock and prospectors.

Lucy DAMIANI, Apr. 20/72
7:00 - 9:00 - 2 hours -
1. Orville Tanner
3. 166 Earl St.
4. 679-5916
5 Stock keeper for Hydro
6. Cawood, Ontario.
7. Mother and Father born in Quyon, Quebec.
8. Married with two children
9. About 58 years old.
10. Cobalt in my estimation will never be a ghost town even though some people have already called it this. I’ll tell you I’ve seen it much worse. Why around the ‘50’s they were selling houses down on Russell Street for $50 just to have people take them away. In a way this was a good thing because it helped clean up some of the old shacks that were left.And another good thing that happened to this was the release of Mastermet Property after many years of haggling and arguing. Now that people own theim outright they have started to make repairs and clean up their premises. As for education I think this is a good system we have of regional schoos. One big school to go to means better facilities, possibly more courses going for the students and a better grade of teachers. I know we are having a big argument right now about keeping grade 13 at Cobalt High rather than send students to Liskeard. This is different. Our High School here has always had a high caliber student and good teachers,. There are some big school facilities which are very good for a school this size/ think we should keep it going. We could have the students coming here from Latchford, North Cobalt, Temagami, its quite central rather than go to Liskeard. Now I also feel that amalgamation of certain towns and townships is very good. I would say we would do well to amalgamate with Township of Coleman, but a Tri-Town amalgamation I don’t go for at all. Really we have wonderful facilities in our little town and I would hate to see them go.
Our municipal government is doing a good job with garbage collection, snow removal, keeping up our sidewalks - they are slowly putting up new ones where needed and also our water rates and taxes are very reasonable. The parks certainly add to the town and it’s nice to see all the building going on. They tell me about 10 more people are building new homes again this summer.
I'd like to see the old town go ahead. My wife and I are happy here. The boys are married and one lives in North Bay and the other in Coldwater. We're not too far away. My home is here and my friends are here. live always
found it a friendly town. We have a cottage on the Matabitchewan River. Both love to fish and hunt and the outdoors, its the nicest part of the country. I was married at Shawville, Quebec in August 1938 and in February 1939 I went to Kirkland to work in the mines. I had a chance to get on with Hydro so I took the job and came to Matabitchewan in 1942 and worked as an operator. For about 5 years I drove a team of horses bringing mail and orders out of the "Mat" and bringing in mail, supplies, groceries, and other necessities. Matabichewan was a small little settlement. No stores but a small school. the peak attendance was some 22 chidren and also the Blair's lived there, McConnell's, Martin Johnson, Mont Petit, Bernache's, McLarens, Bonins and Israel Welsh. We worked for $95.00 a month, 6 days a week, Every second week we got 8 hours off. It was community minded and we made our fun. The kids always had a rink to skate on, later years they put sheets of ice in for curling, play cards, the gang used to come in from Cobalt to join us and sometimes would come out here. It was a beautiful spot in summer. Did a lot of fishing and went on portage trips to get in the good lakes or trout creeks. In 1952 I moved to Cobalt, so the two boys could go to school here. Bought the house I am now in completely remodelled, panelled walls added a glassed in verandah, new furnace, new foundation and today its very comfortable. You know I have a 1953 Hydro Staff News Book and I'll show you some pictures, its in the Vol. 6, No. 38 February 1953 issue. There's Keith Reid, He's a first operator at Upper Notch relaying information while Doug Orr takes it off the board. And there's Pete Bonin, foreman for the compressed air station at Ragged Chutes. Here's one of operator Eddie Tucker and Chief Operator Wes Rice looks on as floor man Ken Carman greases turbine gate arms. Here's some of the fellows taking a coffee break at the Hound Chutes Plant, I remember Paul Nadeau, he's since passed away and there's Bill Mallett, Bill Manderstom, Norm Bain, Johnny Baillik and Ray Sutton. There's our area manager W/E. Anderson and “Til" Speck area operating supervisor. Now don't forget this is 1953 and some of these jobs are now obsolete and some of the fellows are now in other positions.
You know many of our Hydro operators have kept watch at lonely outposts aver Ontario Hydro flow. The stations around Cobalt which include Hound Chutes, Fountain Falls, Upper Notch, Ragged Chutes, Indian Chutes and Matabitchewan were called Montreal River Circuit, now Fountain Falls is flooded and Upper Notch is flooded with new dam project. Some families have spent the part of their lives going around the same group of stations or on one particular colony. Mr. and Mrs. Wes Rice have spent 29 years at Matabichewan. They moved out of there in 1965. The chief operator at Upper Notch was Keith Reid who had been there some 30 years before he got moved to the new Dymond Transformer Station. Jim Keon, maintenance man at Ragged Chutes has logged about 40 years of bush time in the Ragged Chutes, Cobalt area. Foreman Pete Bonin was born and raised at Matabitchewan and spent the better part of his life there. And Ross McDougal, Chief Operator at Fountain Fails says work may get dull but a good operator has to be able to act fast in an emergency or he may get a surgeon the lines that might cause thousands of dollars worth of damage. Ross is now working as chief operator in Kirkland Lake. Entertainment on the colonies is home made and you have a variety of bridge clubs, knitting sessions, house dances, visiting, skating parties are popular and of course in the summer everybody grabs a rod and goes fishing. We have two camera bugs in Wes Rice and Ken Carmen whose professional like pictures are decorating many walls and photo albums. The colony wives as they are called have to be cut out for this type of life. You carefully plan a grocery list because if you forget a pound of margerine, Johnnie can't run to the store and get it, the distance is often 20 miles to a town. The colony population changes and shifts as children are school age, you move to a town. This is a life in our far north. population which today are almost extinct because of cars, easier travel and many plants today are automated which relieves man power, therefore progress —is taking its course.
Well Lucy that’s my history of Hydro life and I hope you've enjoyed it.
Just a minute Orville, didn't you get your 25 year membership with Hydro? OH, yes, I did there's my certificate to prove it and I also received a 25 year pin and a purse of money.
In 1968, we (the 25 year members) were all treated to a trip to Toronto and at a banquet at the Royal York Hotel we were presented with our certificates pin and money. Howard Taylor was another Cobalter who received his same time as I did.
It was very interesting to have this interview with Orville Tanner and I want to thank both he and his wife Gladys for their co-operation. She was most helpful with paper articles which I will enter later as history on the air plant at Ragged Chutes and also history of beginning and completion of Hydro Dam Project at Lower Notch.

1. Gordon Tasse
2. Gordie
3. 44. Park St.
5. 679-8429
6. I’m 65 years old.
7. I was born at Haileybury.
8. MY mother was born at Pembroke Ont. My dad was born at Oswego, New York.
9. Haileybury
10. We moved to Cobalt around 1926
13. When we came to Cobalt we were 6 boys and 1 girl and my parents.
17 I was in the army for 3 months and I was discharged because of Bronchitis, I was stationed at No. 25 Training Center near Toronto.
18. It was mining town and Cobalt looked like it had a good future, it was very easy to get work in the mines.
20. We came to Cobalt because there were more working opportunities.
22. We worked 9 hours a day and we had 15 minutes for lunch which we ate underground.
23. A machine man had $2.75 a day and a mucker $2.25 a day.
25. We would have a family gathering and we would play musical instruments and sing Christmas carols and other popular songs.
31. For entertainment there was Farr's Park in Haileybury where they had horse racing, baseball, we also had sleigh riding parties.
32. I did a bit of amateur boxing, baseball and ice skating.
33. I went to Ste. Mary's School in New Liskeard.
34 . I went to grade 10.
35. Street cars and taxis.
36. Dr. Gordon Jackson was our family doctor, I was named after him..
37. When we lived in New Liskeard there was the Lady Minto Hospilal and Cobalt had the Cobalt Miner's Hospital.
39. As a young boy while I was still going to school I worked part time at Farmer’s Cooperation after school and on week ends.
41. The mines were worked pretty well as they are to-day except that everything: was done by hand.
42.They had hand steeling and hand mucking contests.
43. Miners had sandwiches and tea for lunch.
44. We had good meals it wasn't like to-day, everything was home made.
45. We wore blue denim pants, heavy shirt, leather boots and a cap.
46. On Sunday I wore a pearl grey suit, white shirt, black tie, black shoes and straw hat.
47. I went to church and then I'd sing and play and instrument also broadcasted at McAdams Radio station across Cobalt Lake.
49-50. i find the Cobalt people very friendly and easy to get along with.
51. for one thing they had expanded with Dunning Drive and the trailer park, the mining museum is something in itself, and they have parking meters out.
53. Better snow removal and widening of narrow streets.
55. Mr. Mathews is the best mayor we've had and I would say that he's doing a very good job.
57. I prefer summer as I like to go fishing.
58. I watch T.V.
59. My hobby is electronics
60. The ansew to Cobalt's unemployment problem is a better price for silver.
61. People who would be interested in Cobalt would be miners and tourists.
62. Cobalt has the mining tours, mining museum and general geology to offer the visitor.
My dad came to Haileybury from Quebec by canoe with the Indians on Lake Temiskaming.
The Wabi River was named after the Wabi family who were well known by my dad. One of the first steamboats on Lake Temiskaming was owned by my father. The Jesuit gathers had a mission at the Old Fort for the Indians, this place now known as the Old Mission.
There's a lake in the Temagami area that was called after my father, he was prospecting there and he staked a claim nearby and the lake had not been named so they told dad to call it Tasse Lake.
There was a lead mine on the north-east shore of Lake Temiskaming by the name of Wright’s Mine was owned by Ned Wright and my dad. The first guys who found Kerr Lake Mine were and my father Charlie Tasse, they sold it to a Jewish man for $50,000. and the first shipment that went out of that mine paid for the original cost paid to the Wright's and my dad
My father was the first one to build a general store in Martineau Bay
My dad owned a property tied to the Green Meehan and Red Rock Mines sold it for $30,000.
The first cement block house to be built in Haileybury was on Rorke St.. Dad got this house built for us and he gave the contract to Mr. Frisby of New Liskeard who owned the theater there.
My dad and mother were married around 1905 in the Catholic Cathedral in Haileybury and held the reception in the Parish Hall and a second reception was held at the Orange Hall in the evening as dad was very well known.
The first theater in Haileybury was owned by my uncle, Mr. Marty Wright.
Fifty-six years ago the railroads ran from Cobalt to Silver Center and as the mines closed down it was later abandoned. At that time the Keeley, the Frontier, the Wetlawffer, the Currie, The Nipissing Lorraine and the Maiden mines were all working.
Mr. Brennan owned a store and operated the Post Office in Silver Center. Kerr Lake was once a decent town and the Nipissing Central Railway ran street cars to Giroux Lake every half hour.
The Cobalt rink on Miller Aue. was a big wooden frame building that was used for ice skating in Winter and roller skating in Summer they would play Over the Waves, Peggy O'Neil, It's three O'clock in the Morning, and Smile Awhile.
Maxey Bennett, Wilfred Moriarty and Fred Brough skated in a race against
Lela Brooks Potter who was the world's ladies speed skating champ in the Cobalt rink.
I was a broadcaster on McAdams radio station on the Sunday afternoon amateur show. Elizabeth Smith sang and I played violin, guitar and mouth organ. Captain Payne of the Salvation Army had trained about 12 young girls to play guitar and they would have a radio program every second week on McAdams radio station and I would be the broadcaster for the program.
I prospected with my father in South Lorraine Twp. I remember the Old Beland Mine located on McDonald Lake.
I also worked at No 13 Shaft at Kerr lake, I'd do the timbering of shafts.
I would play violin in recitals in the Tri-Town. I remember when my mother made home made soap.

Simone Bedard April 20,1972
1. Theresa Tasse
2. Theresa Quenneville
3. Nipissing Property
4. 679-8787
5. Housewife
6. I was born in St. Thomas . Ontario
7. My parents were born in Tilbury, Ontario
8. Married
9. 30 years old
10. its a nice place to live but everything is expensive. 1 think that children should be kept in town at least until grade 9, town owned facilities such as library and gymnasium provided for after school so children can take
advantage of it on weekends also. Grade 13 should be in the same school as grades 9 to 12 wherever it may be. Children should not have to travel more than 70 miles return to go to school. The economic situation in Cobalt right now is very low and we really need something and the government should help. Job opportunities for women are very rare. As for the men there’s still a high 'rate of unemployment. About the only training that's available is in the mining industry, as a miner. Wages aren't too bad, but the cost of living makes them seem less. An art centre would be nice but the sports field , it should come first. The high rentals are causing the small shops from starting up, for example craft shops, specialty shops as well as the big bargain type variety stores. Recreation in Cobalt is not too bad as far as arena or baseball and bowling but there is a lack of organization to keep. it going properly .
Complete recreational face lift is needed, parking facilities are needed, animal central is needed and a good paint job on some buildings is needed. We should have a local police force for Cobalt alone.
The new library was definitely a good change even though prices are still high the new Red & White store is larger and able to keep more stock of specials. Lang St. is shaping up a bit.
We've got a doctor but he is over his head in work and therefore we should have at least one more doctor, we should also have our own animal control officer and new by-laws for things such as snowmobile like those who race through the town and bicycle by-laws for a start and the by-law officer should have full authority.
These changes could be brought about with a high percentage of cooperation between the municipality and town authorities.

Carmen Stubinski April 19,1972
2 1/2 hours
1. Howard Taylor
4. 21 Prospect Ave., Cobalt
5. 679- 5554
6 . 65 years old
7. Coldwater,Ont
8. Coldwater,Ont
9. Grandfather came from Ireland. My grandfather Oliver Borrow came to Cobalt
in 1913. He prospected here. Thats how I first haRrd about Cobalt.
10. 1950
13. 7 of us
14. Was a fireman on the steam boats on the great lakes, steamboated security offier in 1974-43
15. clerk
16. retired 1971
17. retired
18. we moved here. New Years Eve. It was 47 below in 1950
19. It was in poor condition, run down and in had shape
20. We were moved here by the hydro and expected to make my home here permanent
We had 4 children going to school and we here there were good schools here.
21. The mines were running Silver Miller was operating at the mill was operating at Brady Lake. We rented for 1 year and bogq bought this house.
23. When I first started to work for hydro it was 6 days a week at 40128. per month
24. We liked the location of this house. We got a truck backed it up to the door and shovelled, shovelled out the dirt and tore out the whole insides and took wallpaper and dirt away. We just didn't know how anyone could have lived in such filth and a building falling over like that. We put a basement under it and remodelled the whole thing. We now have a comfortable home.
30. Bucks, TBS, Powdons Hardware, Woolworths Shaws Drug Store, Irwins Grocery, Tom lacks. If you wanted to buy anthing from Tommie he wouldn't sell it to you. Robinsons GArage Stadleman's Book store
31. Bowling alley, community hall, George Panaritus and John Aimonie Pool room
32. hockey
36. Dr. Dugan and Dr. Dunning
38. cold water
39. I carried a lunch for 47 years
44. always a big dinner at night
47. Church on Sunday - mother made me go to sunday school We could never play cards or do anything on Sunday. It was sacred we just sat around
48. Have a picture of dad when he got married
49. I never lived in a more friendly place you make friends easily and we have good neighbours,
50. The town looks better.
51.. They tore down the Stadleman building, old separate and public schools and St. Patricks old school built new schools. Remodelled old Robinson bolding and made a recreation centre. Remodelled community hall and put modern new street lights in the town
52. ONR long distance, northern Telephone ONR station, gfreight shed tore down. Northern Hydro doffice all moved to New Liskeard. We've lost taxes, with these payrolls leafing town that have forced business to close
53. No, I like Cobalt
55. yes
56. We need more stores to open up. We have the best mining school in the world Why doesn't the government open 2 or 3 mines up. Staff it with experienced miners, mill men, to teach these students actual mining along with the mining courses they are taking in theory only. If mining experiences were taught to these students, it would prevent accidents and give them a better understanding of the facutactual of mining.
That would make roughly to 50 or 60 jobs for local middle aged men. We could have 2 or 3 light Industries to use our own raw materials. I don't like what they are doing to Cobalt Lake. They are taking the one beauty spot of Cobalt away. Why don't they leave the lake alone" Is it Restoration" ruining Cobalt Lake. Its a waste of $54,000. The dust is terrible now
57. Spring and summer
58. . Go to the Boston every day and pool room mostly
59. carpenter work
60. feel that some of the men In relief and welfare should be made work instead of getting relief. Its making lazy men out of some of them. Would like to see more jobs made
61. tourists
62. Winter unorganized sports, ksiing, summer recreation. Unique scenery, rock cuts full of ice. Ragged Chutes air plant (hydraulic) They should have a bus operating from town to Ragged Chutes when the air is blowing off its something and the scenery into the blow off is out of this world.

Carmen Stubinski March 9, 1972
Time: 4 hrs.
1. Beatrice Tresidder ( Mrs. Thomas)
2. Bea
3. Beatrice Richard
4. Apt 1., 89 Nickel St. Cobalt
5. 679-8179

7. Cornwall, England
8. Cornwall
9. England
10. 1920, April
11. Boat to St. John New Brunswick, Train to Montreal, North Bay, then Cobalt. The trains were dirty in those
12. they put us in a wring coach which had wooden seats. There were stoves where you could boil a kettle and make a cup of tea, when you opened the window you got soot in your eye.
13. I came with a bunch of young fellows that were coming here to look for work. there were 5 or 6 of them. I was the only girl. We had to have a guardian to get to Canada as I was only 16. We all had to name a person to get through the customs. When we left the customs we had all named Eph Triblecock who lived in Cobalt. I lived with Mrs. Triblecock when I first came here.
14. miner
15. worked for Dr. Mitchell when I came here
16. died 1965
17. retired
18. The first world war I was in England we were on rations, one night a big woman came to the door. She turned out to be a german male spy. I thought it was pretty nice when I came here
19. There were lots of people on the streets and the station was just packed when we got off the train. Lots of people at Kerr Lake. It was booming lots of mines operating at that time.
20. I came to live with Mrs. Triblecock who was my sister. She was going to start a boarding house, but it fell through
21. all mines
22. lived in was on call anytime 16 hrs. per day as a made I did the washing by hand on a scrub board and boiled the clothes
23. $15 per month
24. Log Cabin on the Coniagas Property divided in 3 little rooms.
25. At my sister's in Kerr Lake. We walked to Kerr Lake and back to Cobalt. Sometimes snow up to our waist. We had turkey something we never had in England, Plum Pudding.
26. Had a pump in the house. It was froze up all winter, we had to carry water from Bob Price’s house
28. Little wood stove
29. Just with the little cook stove tea in the teapot would freeze at nights sometime. I'd put beans to soak and sometimes the water in the beans was froze solid.
30. All kinds, Lang St. was full of stores on both sides the st. mostly Lang St. Pugsley store on Miller Ave. West Cobalt had a store Mayberry's'
31. 3 stores, sleigh riding with horses, Bijou, Lyric, Grand Tobogganing. Bob Davidson had his own horse and cutter. Our churches had box socials. I had one toboggan ride and that was it.
35. Street cars, trains, street cars went to Kerr Lake, New Liskeard and Haileybury we hopped it most of the time.
36. Dr. Mitchell
37. We had a Cobalt Hospital here then
38. Ontnogging Mich. U.S.A.
39. Stan 16, all 16 except Joe he could have had the education, but wouldn't hake it I had 9 children
40. Started to work before they quit school. They use to deliver on their bicycles. Ivan did too.
41. My husband drilled with a hand drill underground
43.Can of sardines, Bread butter, thermos of tea in Lunch pail
44. Depending on the shift. my husband wood come home to a good cornish pasti.
45. Cotton dress, High black or brown boots.
46. Beaded silk blouse, pleated serge skirt, Pure silk black stockings Nice long brown
fur piece with muff to match, string of beads, a tam always and a fancy hankie.
47. Went to church, afternoon went for a walk. Go to church again at night visit at a friends house after church and have a sing song
48. Pictures, I was marriedin June 1922 silver covered butter dish I had
49. everybody's friendly
50. Home It wouldn't be anywhere else. Its small you can get around even it there are hills
51. Downtown looks better with the old Stadelman block gone. We have a new post office
where Jack Ough's meat market was.
55. yes
56. Id like to see a little more work there are a lot of umemployed young people in town. without jobs even if they have education they can't get jobs. Would like to see a Sr. Citizens home here. Id like to see something that will make more jobs.
57. All seasons, summer best
58. Read, crocheting, go to Church meetings Feed my grandchildren
59. cooking
60. To make more jobs for the young people who want to work, and men that need it. When a person gets to Z5 or 50 once they are laid off at the mine. Its hard to get work I'd like to see mines reopen. if possible. My husband always said theres lots of silver at the Commie that theyve never mined.
61. Tourists
62.. Take them out to Kerr Lake to see the Drummond Cairn. Museum, go to lakes. Most
people think it’s a grand place to live. Rock cuts, are unusual. We used to get our ice out of the rock cut on the Nancy Hill for our ice box all summer.
Tresidder says this is no B.S. its all true.
Later when Mr. Tresidder couldn't work in the mines anymore. He became caretaker of the Bilsky block we lived upstairs with a sky light window. That’s where Ernie was born under the sky light window.
In 1930 Mr. Harrington who was town Clerk at the time use to collect the rents. We all
were still there when Alex Fraser bought the Bilsky block and changed the name to Fraser Hotel: They started a bar in the basement Prohibition was over. We had 5 children then so we moved out. When Prohibition was here they would have to go to Haileybury to get a bottle.
First floor of the hotel was for travelers Second for housekeeping rooms. Mr. Belgriene the jeweler had 2 rooms.
Mr. and Mrs. Napoleon Morrisette had 2 housekeeping rooms. They were newly married then. Mr. Morrisette was a miner later diamond drilling contractors in Haileybury.
Several school teachers had rooms in the second floor. Mrs. Tresidder has a picture with Mrs. A. Fraser owner of hotel in picture Mrs, Irvin, Mamie Reeves, Miss McDevit, Miss English, Miss Francis Cameron, later married Carm Dunigan mining engineer, Miss Kennedy lived there she worked for Dr. Mitchell and Dr. Case, Elsie Ross worked in the new liquor store with Mr. Jim Medcalf, who was manager of the new Liquor store. The first liquor store ever was in the Fraser house where the laundry mat is today. Matton That lived under the bridge in the house with all the flowers on 1 st street worked there two.
Ted White had a garden on top of the Fraser house on the roof.
We left the Fraser house 18 months after Ernie was born.
They had a jacket heater in the basement that had to have coal shovelled in every hour. It was a 24 hr. job on the hour putting the soft coal in the furnace they burnt a tin a day. Later they got pea coal and it was fed with a hopper.
More tenants on second floor. Miss Wheeler who worked for light Power
Evelyn Cane, high School Teacher, Phil Gains sister. Mr. Elliott was public School Principal .:Les MacMillan was school nurse. Fran Donaldson stayed there, Mildred Row was a school teacher. Victor George was in the picture too. Also Eva and Mana Malouin who worked at hotel in 1930. It was an old time party picture.
Thomas came here in 1907. He was at the opening of the New Public School in 1907. Frank and Mamie Smitheram were care takers at the New School. Frank died in 1918 in the flu epidemic. Later the Munro's took over as janitors and lived upstairs.
My husband was sick for 25 yrs. So I had to raise 9 children on $50. per month and 11 to feed. Things were a lot cheaper for quite a few years.
When he worked he got $3.75 per day. We could get a roast of beef for $1.00 then, that we pay $5.00 for now.
I used to use 100 lbs of flour a month made my own bread. Made everything.
Got a big soup bone on saturday and made a big pot of soup with barley mix. That pot of soup did the whole week end. There was a lot of meat on a soup bone then.
I'd cook a big pot of beans with salt pork. They'd eat the beans with syrup some with ketchup etc.
They never went hungry even if they watched me given their porridge to the cat that they wouldn't eat.
I would to wash their clothes on Saturday so they'd have clean clothes for Sunday. They were always clean.
We had to watch our penny's lots time there wasn't any money for a stamp.
We were on relief before I got mothers allowance $50. When Stan started to work on week ends. They cut my Allowance cheque $5.00 Can't remember the amount of the relief voucher. They gave an extra voucher if the children needed clothes.

Carmen Stubinski April 26,1972
4 hours
1 Ernest Tresidder
2. Ernie
4. 63 Cobalt St. Cobalt
6. 5. 679-5576
39 years 1933
7. Cobalt, under the sky light at the Fraser Hotel. We lived in the Pent House then Top floor
8. England
9. Married in Cobalt 1923
13. . 8 of us
14. Bookeeper
15. Telephone operator
16. Merchant Red & White Owner
17. Housewife
18. I remember after we moved out of the Fraser House Hotel and went to live on Silver St. There was a hall there where the Holy Rollers were having their meetings. It fasinated me.
21. Mainly mining lumbering in the area
22. I was 8 years old when i started to work at the Peerless Bakery for Manel Hermiston, Making donuts and delivering bread. Pete Costello helped me too.
23. Got $2.00 per week When I was 9 years old I started to work for Mr. Giochino. He stayed open till 11:P.M. Saturday night. He and I would be the only ones in the store. As the others left at 7:P.M. Mr Giochino made a water sprinkling system to keep his vegetables fresh. He was one of the most prominent business men at one time he owned several business in Cobalt. A restaurant where the Silver Tavern is today. He had a truck and showed films on the outside of his building on the wall of the store. The Coniagas Shaft in the centre of the building he used as a refrigerator. He kept his produce in there. The butcher was Jim Eckins of Haileybury. Eva Motrola, Audrey MacMillan, Irma Dallon and Mary Dallon worked there. During the time I worked for him he was going to sell out Ivan and Stan were going to buy it. Stan gratuity cheque was late in coming in and it was sold to someone else.
Mr. Giochino then went into the world travel agency. He had a big sign outside
"See this world before the next". I can remember Dr, Dunning coming in every Saturday night and buying a cardboard carton 1 quart size of large green olives.
Mr. Giochino had a track loud speaker first one in this area with an amplifying system. He travelled and showed his films that he took when he was away.He was quite an inventor. The first fireplace I ever saw with an electric fan he made.
He was very good to me and proud of me he taught me how to run his cash register when I was 8 years old.

He sold everything out in Cobalt and left in the early 50s to join his wife in Italy. He was there a short time maybe one year or 1 1/2 yrs. when he died.
25.I remember our Christmas very well we were very hard up at home Dad was sick and I think Mother only had $40.00 a month to live on. We had very hard times and we were glad of the odd jobs we got.
Pat Quinn who worked in the Nipissing office always brought us a Xmas parcel and the people of the town were good to us.
28. Woodstove. Our house was so cold we had 3 stoves to try and keep the house warm and at that we even froze.
29. Good shopping district. Phil Cain's furniture,T.B.S.,Bucks,Lots of restaurants and Blind Pigs
31. Hockey, lots of baseball, Football, Tennis at Sass Lake, Field and Track, Dog sled
racing that would start at the High School go to Princess Property West Cobalt around the
lake and and back to the High School. It was quite the event.
Cobalt Public School, High School, Commercial at New Liskeard High School took a correspondence in accounting from LaSalle University.
35. Most bycicle and bus system
36. .. Dr. Dunning
37. Remember them tearing down the Miners Hospital we played there and used to look in the Xray Department.
38. Haileybury Hospital
43. Cornish Pasti's
44. . Big dinner after shift
45. Winter gum rubber boots, they used to wear my ankles out, Salvation Army used to give us felt boots, that kept our feet warn.
46. Dudded up a bit when I started to work got myself a suit. I belonged to the Salvation Army band. Played a horn. We practised in the old town hall. It didn't last long.
47. Got to church 3 times on Sunday.
48. Old pictures, Labrador souveners
49. Good Town to live in
50. Good Town to raise children in they have the freedom children didn't have in the city.
51. Many changes for the better. The Mining Museum has given us good publicity. Recreation programme up graded. Artificial ice in the arena, giving children more opportunities. Bass Lake facilities steadily improved, course given to children with swimming instructors Housing subdivision started, 2 parks added to town. Renovations of old buildings.
52. The businesses we've lost such as a drug store, service industries, O.N.R. long distance telephone, 0.N.R. Station closed, freight shed tore down, Express office, Northern Telephone, Hydro, Bucks, T.B.S. A number of payrolls have left town.
I'm very strongly opposed to disrupting our education system, as it is today by this I mean , that we should be given equal privileges to send our children to schools in Cobalt, to the schools which have been bought and paid for by our parents and ourselves and I see no reason why they should be bused when facilities are here.
My opposition to this is based on high standards which have been proven by our
education system. There are graduates from these schools who are today in the following fields Chairman of the Canadian Imperial, Bank of Commerce, Neil McKinnon, Vice president of Bell of Canada Mr. Light, President of Denison Mines Mr. M. DeBastiani. Chairman of Denison Mines John Kostuik and many many others. I honestly believe that the government because of the present day policies on education with regards to large schools is doing a great dea lto bring in many problems which are confronting the whole of Canada today. The main one being the great abuse of addicted drugs and alcohol. In my opinion the smaller sized school reared. a better quality of students and a much better understanding between teacher and pupils which is virtually impossible with the machine like schools, which they have built. With regards to busing there should be serious consideration given to the severity of our cold winters and icy conditions. I suggest if there are any serious accidents the government hold themselves responsible. This regional school board business is for the birds.
Give us our grants and let us run our Town and let the school boards run the schools as in the past.
53. I love Cobalt
55. Yes ( continued below)
56. 1’d like to see a Drug Store, Dentist . Would like to see a variety of businesses located here.Would like to see Secondary Industry something to offset the mines and refinery the products being mined in this area. ( continued below)
The tourist industry could be expanded with natural lakes and many trails. It is an ideal place for an Art School. The Cobalt area has been proven to have the best formations for University Geophical Students each year. Colgate University New York spend several days in this area. Carleton University of Ottawa spends
two weeks here each Fall. The professor of the university has advised me that this is the best area. continued below)
ADD TO 55.
The freight rates we should be given equalized freight rates to make retail prices
in comparison with the prices in Southern Ontaio. This also applies to gasoline which is 160 more here in Cobalt than it is in Ottawa. This puts the merchant in a very embarrassing position.
ADD TO 56.
In Canada to bring students to, because of the variety of formations, which can be found here.
I do believe that the department of education should make further use of this area. They use Bass Lake as headquarters.
The Kiwanis Club owns and operates the Bass Lake beach and resort area and have ample room to facilitate all the requirements which are necessary to accommodate these courses.
There should be consideration given to an iron ore refinery in this area. There is considerable land available in this area for some, We have access to the railway facilities of T.T.L, and lots of water.
57. Summer
58. Work and hockey
59. fishing and hunting
60. unemployment problem could be solved if we get secondary industry; New Mines. We should further the tourist business.
61. tourists
62. Unique in the fact that it has the finest tours, good fishing excellent camping
new parks being established should accommodate more people. Good boating excellent swimming at Bass Lake that draws a number of people every year from U.S.A. and Southern Ontario. Many historical sites; Drummond Cairn, Old Mission, Indian burial ground on Montreal River. Open rock cuts with ice the year around. Unorganized sports. Ski dooing on natural trails,cross country and natural hills, ice fishing.

Joanna Stubinski April 27,1972
2 hours
1. Mr. Ivan Tresidder
2. Ivan
4. 94 Galena St.
5. 679-8146
6. 42
7. Cobalt -where Bud Church lives today
8. Mother & Father both in England
9. Parents met in Cobalt. Dad was boarding with mother's sister so she met him there. They were married in Cobalt 1923.
10. born here
13. 3 plus parents
14. Miner at Nipissing - Beaver - Old Temiskaming Mining Corp.
15. Mother worked for Dr. Mitchell li. Store owner -(Red & White) 17. housewife
17. just in the reserve army for 15 years. joined thinking I get to the war but I was too young. Then when old enough it was over.
18. Timmins was just booming - everybody seemed to be leaving Cobalt to go -never much work around. A lot of transients going from door to door begging for food
19. Very quiet - only mine I remember was the O'Brien
21. Started delivering for Percy Lemon's Grocery - delivered with a bike. Then in winter a sleigh we pulled. 22. Started there in 1943.
Sat. we worked till 10 and Wed. p.m. aft. during the week from 6p.m. 54 hours a week
23.$10 a week
24. Penthouse in Fraser Hotel about 4 years old when we lived there. I remember a big hole where the elevator was supposed to be, but was never put in. We used to run up & down stairs. Its a wonder we never fell down. No beverage room there but post office was also Royal'. bank was there. The Fraser’s owned it then.
When we lived over Pentecostal Mission Mrs. Pearson gave me a little lamb made of cardboard about 4 inches high. When I was 4 - still have it today put it out every Christmas.
26. Cold water.
27. hydro
28. Oil stove with 4 lamps in opening at top
30. Buck's, Nipissing Block, Vellis's TBS, Miller shoemaker, Irwin’s Grocery - Dworsky's -- Stock exchange - Moore's Drug Store - Woolworth's - Minerva -Boston - Deluxe - Doug the Barber
31. . Classic - we always went to the matinee for 10 cents open aired rink - back
of old Public School. Russel Othmer looked after it. Charlie Smith looked after the arena on Miller. We had good entertainment at Community Hall -opened every night. Juke box 5 cents for one record.
32. Swimming at the sink hole. YMCA swam there Sunday in the pool. It was closed so Sandy Hall would call us and give us chocolate bars also end of Sass Lake. In the winter we played road hockey made our own bob sled. Always competition. 7he Coniagus People usually had the best sleigh. We'd slide at night start from top of hill. Right down to the ONR station. It took 5 min. to slide down - but going back up was a different story.
33. Public - high school - night course in New Liskeard - for typing.
34. 10 years
35. Went to Sunday School picnic in New Liskeard at the beach rode one a year on a streetcar.
36. Dr. Case.
37. Had tonsils out in 1933. Miss Knight and Miss Ball were nurses
38. Haileybury Hospital
39.. 3 girls all in school
41. Cap. Landry dad talked about. How heavy things were to work with no easy way to do things. Always wet & damp lighting very poor. Father worked for 9 hours and $90. a month. Worked six days a week
42. Just when festivals on. One house we lived in 55 Cobalt St. Truck load of slabs. 9 cords of wood for $5. a load. House was so cold we had 3 stoves going to keep it warm.
43. Good heavy meals. Cornish pasta mom made for dad's lunch
44. Good wholesome meals. Made our own bread - everything was baked
45. Whatever you had, but it was always clean
46. Sunday out
47. Went to Church - 3 times a day on Sunday Monday & Thursday. Also mom was very religious, if weather good we always walked around Sass Lake.
48. Little cardboard lamb - have had it 38 years - yellow & green
49. Like the people
50. People all the same - no - one seems to feel better than anyone else,
51. Just upgrading of town itself gives you a sense of pride to live in the town
52. Hated to lose old public school hate to see kids being buses out of town.
53. Some people think we're in a 2nd class town. The sooner they can get over
that attitude the better.

55. Yes.
56. Better recreation program - a programme that involves everyone, like to see a drug store - preschoolers & teenage - clothing tore - like to see mines opening up. We also need a payroll to get businesses back.
57. Spring and summer.
58. TV, working out in the garden
59. Coin collector - picked things up from Ken McKay some 20 years ago worth about $5000
60. Need a secondary industry - refinery Gov't should finance portion of development
61. A person that’s willing to gamble a few cents.
62. Mine tours, Museum - outlying spots - scenery they should make nature trails around Sass Lake to Sharp.


Ivan started in business with brother Ernie - bought Quality Grocery in 1955 There until 1971 bought it from Percy Lemon, He was always the butcher and Ernie looked after the buying end. They are now downtown in the New Red & White. Ivan is strictly against busing the kids from one area to another. Leave the small
Schools alone where you get a better education and individual help. It's economical for the community you must have schools in the town.

Joanna Stubinski April 16, 1972
1 1/2 hrs.
1. Fred Tryon
2. Fred
4. 12 Nickel St.
5. 679-8149
6. 59 in July
7. Lewisham, Ont
8. Mother in Toledo, Ohio, Father in Parry Sound, Ont
9. Old Ontario
10. Lived in New Liskeard from 1952-54 on a farm then moved to Cobalt in ‘54 as this was their first chance to buy a house
11 Came up to Kirkland Lake by train, lived there a few yrs. then moved down here, by car
12. C.N.R. to North Bay
13. Just the 2 of us, my wife and I had one child on the way
14. Silver Miller Mine
15. Housewife with 3 kids
16. Unemployed
17. Housewife
Fred was in the Army for 6 months at Petawawa was rejected because in the medical they found he had ulcers
18. Really like the area, worked at Kerr Addison, quit there because of there being so many D.P. thought it wasn't safe there. So Came to Cobalt, and just loved it
19. Shabby looking, but there were more stores then now
20. Did not like working at Kerr Addison so got a chance to work in Cobalt. So I came
21. mining, lumbering
22. 8 hours
23. About $1.85 and hour
24. 2 storey wood siding have since remodelled the place
25. Had alot of house parties, always even the xmas union parties with the children as they received gifts
26. running water in house
27. hydro
28. propane gas
29. heated with oil space heater
30. T.B.S. Bucks, Despres Grocery, Damiani, Woolworths, Dominion, Dr. Dunning, Dr. Duggan Northern telephone, Bilodeau Grocery, Freight Shed, Lawyer Inch
31. Made your own and went to parties
33. didn't go in Cobalt
35. buses cars trains
36. Dr. Fraser Farlinger, New. Liskeard
37. Went to New Liskeard Hospital
38. Kirkland Lake
39.Beverly, Gordon, Shirley, Lois
40.. Beverly Hai1eybury Hospital and Kirland Lake, Gordon Air Force, Shirley, Mikes food Store
41.'hen I came to Cobalt there were 12 mines working
Just the contests I saw at the reunions
In my lunch pail I took sandwiches cookies and coffee
43. very heavy meals 45. work clothes
46. A little dressier always hated wearing a tie
47, visiting or spending a quiet day at home
48. rocks, dishes, vases of my mothers, My dad's violin that came from sweden
49. Its' our home
50. more recreation for younger people
51. cleaning up of the town, new sidewalks all back streets paved
52. too much unemployment
53. no
55. Yes
56. more employment and more stores for shopping
57. summer
58. t. v. or visiting
59. reading
60. raise the price of silver
61. none
62. scenery lower notch, museums, festival, contests, hunting and fishing, camping areas Fred is known on our street as the shoveler. He keeps the neighbours paths shoveled all winter long. A very quiet man, who spends his time at home and just loves doing so.

Carmen Stubinski March 7, 1972
1 ½ hrs
1.Joseph Turgeon
2. Joe
4. 47 Galena Street, Cobalt
5. 679- 5703
6. 74
7. Otter Lake,
8. Otter Lake, Que.
9. Otter Lake, Quebec, 80 miles east of Ottawa
10. 1936 car, took me 2 days to come here from Ottawa. Went by car from Ottawa to North Bay from North Bay to Cobalt there, was just a path in the bush for a road. The next year they started to work on the Ferguson highway.
12. west — north
13. 8 of us
14. blacksmith in a bladsmiths shop in Campbells Bay
15. worked on a farm for $3. per month.
16. retired.
17. died in 1962
18. Didn't think much of it. It was pretty low at that time. My brother sold his house. It still stands near the Haileybury bridge on Lang Street for $30. at that time.
19. It was depression years. I dind't stay here, then just visited my brother overnight.
20. Returned here in 1955. Because I got a job at silver miller mines.
21. Silver Miller mine was going full blast there were around 300 men amployed at that time. They had a strike for more wages and when the strike was over they hired around 75 men or 100. I worked at Brady Lake then.
22. 7 to 6. I worked at the young Davidson Mine in Matachewan for 47 cents an hour. 300 men worked there, 800 ton mill. Hollinger mine owned the young Davidson I sharpened steel. Was blacksmith, welder, Lost Ark welding. Can do any kind of welding big or small.
23. $20 week.
24. Paid rent in Matachewan. $18. per month. It was a shack. no paint. I built a house myself after
25. Didn’t have much money. But you had to make Christmas for the kids.
26. no water in the house. There was an old man, called Mr. Leguay he had one arm he had a sleigh with an oxen pulling it at first, later got a horse. He came around every day with the water cart. Sold it at 250 a barrel.
At the end of the bridge, there was an old negro who lived in a tent, who did shoemaking repairs. He stayed there in the tent 2 years. We didn't know how he survived the 60 below weather in winter.
Nick Costo the shoemaker who lived on the hill in a brown house, went fishing with Joe Fleury. Joe got drowned. To this day they have never found him. I was there. We found the canoe upside down and Nick under it. Nick was still breathing, but when we got him on shore he died, the rapids were very bad in the Montreal River. The townsite was built on the hill on the side of the Montreal River.
27. hydro
28. wood stove, wood lots of it there.
29. wood. One stove heated the house. We'd get up in the morning and the water would be frozen in the wash basin and pail and we'd fre up all night.
30. lots of stores.
31. never went out. We had no money to spend with a large family.
32. Brought up on a farm. Had to work all the time even had to plow the farm as a kid and was bare foot behind the plow.
34. one year only. Had to work on the farm. Rainy days split wood for the winter
35.Old car, one of the first models of the Mesh 1930 model.
36.Dr. Dunning.
37. Otter Lake, Quebec
38. some after grade 8 others went to High school. Doreen went to highest. She is in an - assay office in Sudbury.
39. Worked where they could get a job.
40. One boy in Pickle Crow. Some Toronto one boy has been at the same job 24 yrs
41. Hard going in the mines. Couldn't make too many mistakes or you were fired. There was always a lot of men standing at the mine every morning looking for a job. Some of the men paid the mine manager $10. every pay day to keep their jobs. Harold Nord came to my house inquiring about the men having to pay $10. each pay to keep their jobs. Shortly after that there was no more paying to keep a job. Captain McWharie was captain underground when they got a mucking machine. It stayed in the shed before they used it no one knew how to
operate it.
43. lunch bucket
44. Big meal. my wife was a good cook.
45. overhaul, rough
46. First suit I ever bought that was tailored was grey. A grey overcoat I’ve had for 27 years. He went upstairs and got the coat its like new good material. He's still wearing it.
47. Fishing took 2 or 3 of the boys with me. Always got 3 or 4 fish or 5 or 6 good fishinz
48. My overcoat.
49. Not too bad
50. not too far from any place. Good places to go fishing. Latchford, Blanche River sit on the bank and fish.
51 Its a lot better now than when I first came here. Not too many new houses.
They all needed lots of repairs. This house was a mess, the stink was terrible, very dirty, lots of hard work to fix it up, to get it the way it is today. Lots of new houses.
54. I like it.
55. yes.
56. Hope that something will open up, so there will be more work for people. It would be better living if everyone gets work, to keep our people here. There's nothing now.
57. summer, string, fall
58. Watch TV
59. Knitting have knit 3 sweaters this winter. Carpentry work not able anymore. Fishing when I'm able.
60. If they could get a factory so the people could work. An outlet for our hobbies almost anything to bring in a dollar.
62. Good fishing, Lots of sports, lots of darns, good lakes. They will have to stock our lakes. You need a plane for good fishing the Americans have the advantage over us because they have money.
Mr. Turgeon is sick. His wife is 58. They live in $103. per month. If there was a hobby outlet they could work at home.

Joanna Stubinski May 16,1972
3 hours

1. Mrs. Gertrude Underwood
2. Gertie
3. Gartside
4. R.R#1, Cobalt
5. 679-8629
6. 76
7. Oedem Lancashire, England. A seaside resort
8. England
9. England
10. March 3,1910 - went to Port Arthur May 10,1910 moved to Cobalt. Mother and I came ahead as dad had to wait for his cheque. I was 12 years old mum and dad were in there early 30's., when we said we were going to Cobalt. The conductor said, we had better not get off the train there as there would be no place to stay especially for 2 women, but my uncle Bill Creighton lived there, so we knew there was no problem. I remember when
we got off the train mom was wearing her seal skin coat, there were flowers around in the gardens so mum telephoned Uncle Bill. They lived at the Princess Prop. We stayed with them for a while. I remember it was
fever time and tents all over the Nipissing and Connor Hill. Dad came the following day. He worked at Princess Cobalt Lake and Mining Corp. I went to school in the old Public School. Never worked after I finished (home) school. Mom kept boarders and I stayed home to help. I taught myself music and still play today. Uncle Bill helped dad build a 14 by 16 house. On the property they built down by Uncle Bill's. We nearly froze that winter the following year we built a better home and here mom kept boarders. Jack Underwood my husband stayed with us. I was about 17 then-he enlisted in 1914 went overseas and returned Oct. 1918. In the meanwhile we moved to Toronto for a few years. Where I worked for telephone office. Started at $8.00 a week, but worked a lot of overtime. When Jack came back from the war he came to Toronto to visit us, and stasyed for awhile. He asked me to marry him. I said yes we went back to Cobalt and married in the Baptist Church in 1919. Jack worked at McKinley and Darragh. Also King Edward Mines. Which reminds me - Gertrude's first X-mas in Cobalt was grand. She had her first X-mas tree, and her mother had dressed for Eaton Beauty Dolls. For her Lize and Allison Creighton. A month after we were married the mines went on strike. So Jack got a job at the pumping station on the Mud Lake. This belonged to the Mine Managers. After the mines had used so much water tkey would have to repay it to the Town of Cobalt. So they needed this station. Jack was paid $125. a month
first 3 children were born there. Part of the cement walls still there today - when the- place closed Jack and I moved to West Cobalt. Ted went to school there for a while. We lived there a few years then Jack bought a lot on Gillies Lake(Mud). We had heard the highway was going through there but things changed so we bought where we are now. and have been here over 40 years. This is known as Underwood's corner or better known "Dead Man's Corner" as so many people have been killed or hurt in car accidents. When we first moved there there was a big Sand Hill with a rickety old bridge. In the summertime the blue berries were really something. Now I never see any. We had 7 children in 1910 West Cobalt had streets. People had a wonderful time dancing and singing till dawn. My dad played the concertina at most of these parties. I remember before I was married and living with my parents when we were delivered groceries. It was brought by horse and the horse would be up to his tummy in water. They brought us coal oil in a can with a potato in the spout If they hadn't come that way it would have been necessary to go right around the lake. We went to town by street car as it went in and out to Kerr Lake. It costs 5cents to go. We caught it at McKinley Daraugh Mine. Cobalt was very busy then night and day. I would say there was no more than 5,000 people. I remember when Red Lake started they took all the dogs from Cobalt for dog teams. When they brought them back into the spring there were so many around they started selling dog licences. I think the actual downfall of Cobalt was when the Prince of Wales
came. He was a young man the day dawned, grey and dreary and never changed. Colonel Rodgers as he was called the Manager of Coniagas where they took the prince even the mine looked grey and cold. I think after this visit they pulled out most of their money from Cobalt. Meaning the Royal family. Because it just never picked up afterwards. My treasures are few as each time my family comes they clean out the attic and basement. I still have my piano and my home which I treasure. I remember being at the first Ladies Auxiliary meeting in 1939 for the Legion. Mrs. Adshead, Mrs. Leonard, and Mrs. Coles and myself would walk into Cobalt and back. We thought nothing of it. I don't spend too much time there now as I have no way of getting into town. Mrs. Underwood is a sweet elderly lady. I had never met her before but I'm sure I've made a friend and "boy"
can she make scones. She was also thrilled to pieces because I drank only tea.